S Martínez-Román

Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

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Publications (27)76.32 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Clinical benefit of surgical staging in locally advanced cervical cancer has not yet been proved. The goal of this study was to analyze the prognostic and therapeutic value of laparoscopic para-aortic lymphadenectomy with selective excision of suspicious pelvic nodes in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer. This is a retrospective study including 109 women treated in a single institution from 2000 to 2009. The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage was IB2 in 12 women, IIB in 58 women, and IIIB in 39 women. None had suspicious para-aortic nodes by presurgical imaging evaluation. All patients underwent extraperitoneal para-aortic laparoscopic lymphadenectomy with selective excision of enlarged pelvic nodes and received pelvic radiotherapy with concomitant chemotherapy. Extended lumboaortic radiation therapy was added to patients with metastatic para-aortic nodes. The mean ± SD follow-up time was 43.1 ± 33.7 months. Metastatic lymph nodes were identified in 23 (21.1%) of 109 patients in the para-aortic area and in 24 (53.3%) of 45 patients who underwent selective excision of pelvic nodes. Patients with nodal metastases had increased risk of mortality than those with negative nodes independently of the location (pelvic and/or para-aortic) of the metastases (hazard ratio, 4.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.36-12.16 for patients with pelvic metastases [P = 0.012]; and 3.73; 95% confidence interval, 1.38-10.09 for patients with para-aortic metastases [P = 0.010]). In the subset of women with para-aortic metastases treated by extended lumboaortic radiation therapy, neither the number of lymph nodes removed nor the number of positive nodes were associated with survival (P = 0.556 and P = 0.195, respectively). Para-aortic and pelvic lymphadenectomy provides valuable information about mortality risk in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 11/2013; 23(9):1675-83. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of adding SPECT/CT to planar images for pre-surgical sentinel lymph node (SLN) identification in endometrial cancer (EC), a technique that could have an important clinical impact on the staging, treatment, and prognosis of EC patients. METHODS: We compared the planar and SPECT/CT lymphoscintigraphic images of 44 patients with high-risk EC who underwent sentinel lymph node procedure (SLN) using an injection technique recently developed at our centre known as TUMIR (Transvaginal Ultrasound Myometrial Injection of Radiotracer). 148MBq (4mCi) of 99mTc-nanocolloid were injected into the subendometrial area, guided by transvaginal ultrasound imaging. Planar and SPECT/CT images were performed in all 44 patients. RESULTS: SLNs were seen on planar images in 32 cases (73%) and in 34 cases (77%) using SPECT/CT. A total of 88 SLNs were depicted by planar lymphoscintigraphy while SPECT/CT visualized a total of 110 SLNs. SPECT/CT changed the assessment of the SLNs visualized in planar lymphoscintigraphy in 26 cases, either by modifying the number and/or the location of the SLNs detected. External iliac chain was the most frequent location of SLN detection (70%) in the 34 cases. Fifteen of these patients (44%) showed para-aortic SLNs. One case had exclusive para-aortic drainage (3%) that was only visualized by SPECT/CT. In another case, SPECT/CT was able to localize the only pelvic metastatic lymph node not visualized by planar images. CONCLUSIONS: SPECT/CT combined with planar imaging improves preoperative SLN detection and provides valuable anatomic information that enhances the presurgical stage of the SLN technique in endometrial cancer.
    Gynecologic Oncology 01/2013; · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective study was to determine the feasibility, safety and performance of a new method for sentinel lymph node (SLN) detection in endometrial cancer (EC) using transvaginal ultrasound-guided myometrial injection of radiotracer (TUMIR). METHODS: From 2006 to 2011, 74 patients with high-risk EC were included in the study. Twenty-four hours before surgery 148MBq of 99mTc-nanocolloid (8mL) were injected into two spots in the anterior and posterior myometrium using an ultrasound-guided transvaginal puncture. SLN were localized preoperatively by lymphoscintigraphy and intraoperatively with gamma probe. After SLN biopsy the patients underwent a complete laparoscopic pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy. RESULTS: The TUMIR method was successfully achieved in 67/74 patients (90.5%). SLN were identified in 55 women (74.3%). No adverse effects were observed. Pelvic drainage was observed in 87.2% of women and paraaortic SLN were identified in 45.4%, with 12.8% of the patients draining only in this area. The mean number of SLN retrieved was 2.8 per patient (range 1 to 9). Metastatic disease was found in 13 (23.6%) patients. Metastatic involvement of the paraaortic lymph nodes was observed in 4 (30.7%) cases. All were identified by TUMIR. The sensitivity and negative predictive value of SLN detected by TUMIR to detect metastasis were 92.3% (95% CI 22.9-100) and 97.7% (95% CI 82.0-100), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: TUMIR is a safe, feasible method to detect SLN in patients with EC, having a good detection rate and providing representative information of the lymphatic drainage of EC.
    Gynecologic Oncology 10/2012; · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of two laparoscopic techniques for treatment of ovarian endometriomas on recurrence rate. Prospective randomized clinical trial. University teaching hospital. Ninety women with ovarian endometriomas. Patients were randomly selected to undergo either laparoscopic cystectomy (group 1) or laser vaporization (group 2) of ovarian endometrioma. Recurrence, evaluated by ultrasound scan examination, was assessed at 12 and 60 months of follow-up. Endometrioma recurrence rate was higher, though not significantly different, in group 2 at 60 months of follow-up. Nevertheless, at 12 months of follow-up recurrences were statistically higher in group 2. The comparison between laparoscopic laser ablation and laparoscopic cystectomy for ovarian endometriomas after long-term follow-up showed earlier recurrences and a higher recurrence rate in the laser group, although at 5 years of follow-up there were no statistically significant differences.
    Fertility and sterility 05/2011; 96(1):251-4. · 3.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Localization of sentinel lymph nodes can be challenging if they are in difficult anatomic locations or near high radiotracer activity. The purpose of this study was to assess the value of intraoperative real-time imaging using a portable gamma-camera in conjunction with a conventional gamma-counting probe when it is difficult to localize the sentinel node. After (99m)Tc-nanocolloid injection, patients with various malignancies underwent presurgical lymphoscintigraphy followed by surgery (usually the next day). We evaluated 20 patients who required sentinel lymph node biopsy and in whom the location or other characteristics of the sentinel node would make intraoperative retrieval difficult. During surgery, the sentinel node was localized using a portable gamma-camera together with a hand-held gamma-probe. A (153)Gd pointer or (125)I seed was used to better depict the sentinel node location in real time. Using only a conventional hand-held gamma-probe, surgeons were able to definitively localize the sentinel node in 15 of 20 patients. Intraoperatively, the portable gamma-camera showed uptake by the definite sentinel node in 19 of 20 patients and helped to precisely localize the node with the hand-held gamma-probe in 4 patients. In 1 of these patients, the sentinel node was metastatic. The combination of a standard hand-held gamma-probe and real-time imaging provided by a portable gamma-camera offers a high intraoperative detection rate in patients with difficult sentinel node localization as assessed by presurgical lymphoscintigraphy.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 08/2010; 51(8):1219-25. · 5.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the feasibility, safety, and survival outcomes of Coelio-Schauta (CS) procedure versus open Wertheim-Meigs (WM) as primary surgical treatment of early-stage cervical cancer. Observational study on the consecutive cases of cervical cancer undergoing CS during the last 11 years at our institution was performed. Data on clinical characteristics of patients, surgical performance, long-term morbidity, and survival were prospectively analyzed and compared with a historical series of 23 consecutive WM performed at the same hospital in the immediate previous period. Sixty-seven patients were included in the study group (CS). Cases and controls were comparable in age, body mass index, stage, tumor size, and histological diagnosis. The number of pelvic nodes, disease-free margin, and complications rate were similar in both groups, but blood loss and blood transfusion rate were marginally less in the CS group. Operating time was longer in the first 20 CS patients, but it became comparable to WM once the learning curve was overcome. Hospital stay was significantly shorter in the CS group as well as the bladder function recovery time. However, no differences were seen regarding long-term urinary and bowel function between groups. Four patients (5.9%) from the CS group and 3 (13%) in the WM group had recurrence. Mortality rates were 3% and 8.7%, respectively (P = not significant). The CS procedure is a suitable alternative to WM for small-volume, early-stage cervical cancer, showing a good safety profile, shorter postoperative recovery time, and similar survival outcomes.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 01/2010; 20(1):173-8. · 1.94 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - J MINIM INVASIVE GYNECOL. 01/2010; 17(6).
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    S Albela, S Martinez-Roman, J Pahisa, B Puerto, M J Sanchez
    Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 10/2009; 34(S1):53. · 3.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although sentinel lymph node (SLN) identification is widespread used in melanoma and breast cancer some concerns exist in other malignancies, such gynaecologic cancers, and this staging method has not been adopted in many centers due to lack or large validation studies. To evaluate the applicability and results of SLN technique in gynaecological malignancies referred to our institution. We studied 155 patients with different malignancies (70 vulvar, 50 cervical and 35 endometrial cancers). The day before surgery a lymphoscintigraphy was performed by injecting 111 MBq of (99m)Tc-nanocolloid in several ways depending on the type of cancer studied. Intraoperative detection of the SLN was always performed by using a hand-held gammaprobe and, in 100 cases with the aid of blue dye injection (70 vulvar and 30 in cervical cancer) few minutes before surgical intervention. Pathological study of SLN was performed in all cases. Lymphadenectomy was done in all cervix and endometrial cancer patients and in the first 35 vulvar cancer patients. Pre-surgical lymphoscintigraphy demonstrated one, at least, SLN in 97% of vulvar cancer patients, 92% in the cervical malignancy and 64% in the endometrial cancer patients. During surgery, SLN was harvested in 97%, 90% and 62% of patients, respectively. The pathological study showed metastases in 24.2%, 8.8 and 4.5% of patients with vulvar, cervical and endometrial cancer, respectively. The false negative percentage was 5.5% in vulvar cancer patients, with 2 cases in the endometrial cancer and without any case in the cervical cancer patients. Lymphoscintigraphy is a relatively simple and useful technique to identify the SLN in this kind of tumours. However, in endometrial cancer more effort has to be made to reach a suitable result. Sentinel lymph node biopsy seems to be a reliable technique in vulvar and cervical malignancies.
    Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear 09/2009; 28(5):221-8. · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although sentinel lymph node (SLN) identification is widespread used in melanoma and breast cancer some concerns exist in other malignancies, such gynaecologic cancers, and this staging method has not been adopted in many centers due to lack or large validation studies.
    Revista Espanola De Medicina Nuclear - REV ESP MED NUCL. 01/2009; 28(5):221-228.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, efficacy, and morbidity of laparoscopic ovarian transposition on the preservation of hormonal function in patients younger than 45 years operated for early cervical cancer. According to risk factors on pathologic evaluation of the specimen, some of them will receive postoperative pelvic radiotherapy. This subset of patients could benefit from taking the ovaries away from the irradiation field in an effort to preserve their functionality. This prospective study included 28 FIGO stage IB1 cervical cancer patients, 45 years old or younger, maintaining menstrual cycles, who were considered suitable for conservation of the ovaries. The ovarian transposition was performed by laparoscopy as a part of the same celio-Schauta operation. Twelve patients underwent adjuvant pelvic radiotherapy. No intraoperative or postoperative morbidity related to the ovarian transposition was observed, and the procedure only entailed a minimum delay of the operative time. There were no cases of ovarian metastasis. At a mean follow-up of 44 months, 63.6% of patients receiving radiotherapy and 93% of those who nonirradiated maintained normal ovarian function. Two patients developed benign ovarian cysts, requiring oophorectomy, but no other long-term adverse effects of the transposition were identified. To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest series of the laparoscopic procedure reported to date in this setting. According to our results, laparoscopic ovarian transposition is a safe and effective procedure for the preservation of ovarian function in young patients with early cervical cancer undergoing adjuvant radiotherapy after surgery.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 01/2008; 18(3):584-9. · 1.94 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Nuclear Medicine 08/2007; 32(7):572-3. · 2.96 Impact Factor
  • A Costa, F Carmona, S Martinez-Roman, L Quintó, I Levy, I Conget
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    ABSTRACT: To re-evaluate post-partum screening; fasting plasma glucose (FPG) vs. oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in Caucasian women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Once breast-feeding had finished, an OGTT was performed in 120 women with previous GDM. They were classified according to World Health Organization (WHO) 1985 and American Diabetes Association (ADA) 1997 criteria. The kappa-statistic measure of agreement was used to compared both diagnostic categories. A receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve studied the FPG as a test to detect abnormal glucose tolerance. Identical diabetes prevalence (2%) but quite different intermediate categories (12% impaired glucose tolerance vs. 3% impaired fasting glucose) were observed with both criteria. The kappa-statistic (scaled from 0 to 1) was 0.38 (fair agreement), P = 0.000. The ROC curve area of the FPG was 0.65. FPG is an unsatisfactory method of evaluating the glucose tolerance of Caucasian women with previous GDM. OGTT may be a better test for such a purpose.
    Diabetic Medicine 09/2000; 17(8):595-8. · 3.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperactivated macrophages are implicated in the pathophysiology of endometriosis-associated infertility. This study investigates transferrin receptor expression (CD71) as a marker of hyperactivity in peritoneal macrophages of infertile patients with minimal to mild endometriosis (group 1, n = 25). Expression of the activation antigen CD71 on peritoneal fluid macrophages was determined by a specific monoclonal anti-CD71 antibody using indirect immunofluorescence technique and was analyzed by flow cytometry. Three different control groups of women were used: women with unexplained infertility (group 2, n = 25), fertile women with endometriosis (group 3, n = 10), and fertile women without endometriosis (group 4, n = 25). The percentage of CD71 positive cells was significantly increased in infertile women with endometriosis as compared with the three control groups. There were no differences among groups 2, 3, and 4 with respect to the percentage of CD71 positive macrophages. Our results favor the concept that hyperactivated macrophages play a role in the pathophysiology of endometriosis-associated subfertility, a feature which is lacking in patients with unexplained infertility.
    American journal of reproductive immunology (New York, N.Y.: 1989) 01/1998; 38(6):413-7. · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study is the first prospective randomized controlled trial of the effect of pentoxifylline on future fertility in infertile women with asymptomatic minimal or mild endometriosis. After completion of a basic infertility workup and laparoscopy, patients were entered into the study and randomly allocated to receive either a 12 month course of oral pentoxifylline (800 mg/day) (n = 30) or an oral placebo (n = 30). Those patients with other infertility factors were included in the study only if the factors were correctable and ultimately determined to be non-contributory. Life-table analysis was used to compare pregnancy rates between the two groups over a 12 month period that started immediately after laparoscopy. The 12 month actuarial overall pregnancy rates were 31 and 18.5% in the pentoxifylline and placebo groups respectively. However, this difference was not statistically significant by the chi(2)-test. Similarly, the Cox regression method showed no differences between the hazard of pregnancy in the two groups studied (odds ratio, 0.56; 95% confidence interval, 0.18-1.67). Therefore, there is no evidence from this study that immunomodulation with pentoxifylline aids fertility in those women with minimal or mild endometriosis. Further studies including more infertile patients with endometriosis are desirable in order to confirm our results.
    Human Reproduction 10/1997; 12(9):2046-50. · 4.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immunopathophysiological mechanisms in endometriosis-associated reproductive failure were studied in appropriate populations: infertile and fertile women with and without endometriosis. The incidence of sera positive for any of the autoantibodies tested among infertile women with endometriosis (n = 25) was similar to that observed in the three control groups [unexplained infertility patients (n = 25) and fertile women with (n = 10) and without (n = 25) endometriosis]. The mean volume of peritoneal fluid was significantly elevated in women with endometriosis (both fertile and infertile) as compared with patients without endometriosis (fertile or infertile). The concentration of peritoneal fluid leukocytes and the percentage of cells positive for macrophage markers were significantly increased and the percentage of T lymphocytes significantly decreased in infertile women with endometriosis but not in patients with unexplained infertility and fertile women with endometriosis, as compared with fertile controls without endometriosis. Macrophages from infertile patients with endometriosis had higher sperm phagocytosis than did those from infertile women without endometriosis or fertile subjects with or without endometriosis. Incidences of serum and peritoneal fluid samples embryotoxic to the in-vitro development of 2-cell mouse embryos were significantly higher in infertile patients with endometriosis than in unexplained infertility patients and fertile women with or without endometriosis. It is concluded that immunological mechanisms of endometriosis-associated infertility exist but that these peritoneal immunological factors in infertile women with endometriosis are related to their subfertility rather than to the presence of ectopic endometrial implants. This is supported by the lack of immunological abnormalities observed among fertile women with endometriosis. These immunological abnormalities are lacking in patients with unexplained infertility.
    Human Reproduction 09/1997; 12(8):1794-9. · 4.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The first case of a rare mullerian anomaly characterized by the presence of a complete uterine septum with duplication of the cervix and a longitudinal vaginal septum has been reported very recently. We present here three new cases of such an anomaly in an attempt to alert gynaecologists to the possible occurrence of such a malformation. The cases challenge the classical views of unidirectional (caudad to cranial) mullerian development and support the alternative embryologic hypothesis of Muller et al. according to which fusion and resorption begins at the isthmus and proceeds simultaneously in both the cranial and caudal directions.
    European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 05/1996; 65(2):241-3. · 1.84 Impact Factor
  • S Martínez-Román, E Gratacós, A Torné, R Torra, F Carmona, V Cararach
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    ABSTRACT: Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a rare, well-characterized complication of the puerperium constituting a cause of acute renal failure after an uncomplicated delivery. However, its presentation during pregnancy is unusual, with only four cases before the 20th week of gestation reported. A case of HUS occurred at 18 weeks' gestation. Despite the initial severity of the clinical presentation, therapy, consisting of corticosteroids and plasmapheresis, resulted in complete recovery of renal function, with a rapid improvement in thrombocytopenia and hemolysis. No remarkable events occurred after this episode, and a full-term pregnancy with a normal fetal outcome was achieved. We are aware of no other reports of successful pregnancy after the development of HUS during the first half of pregnancy. This provides evidence that continuation of pregnancy until term is possible. Rapid diagnosis and intensive treatment with plamapheresis, corticosteroids and dialysis, when required, may improve the maternal and fetal prognosis.
    The Journal of reproductive medicine 04/1996; 41(3):211-4. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 100 consecutive patients who were undergoing laparoscopy for infertility (group 1, n = 52), chronic pelvic pain (group 2, n = 18) or tubal sterilization (group 3, n = 30, asymptomatic fertile women), peritoneal biopsies were taken from areas of visually normal peritoneum of uterosacral ligaments. Twenty-six patients in group 1 (50%), eight patients in group 2 (44.4%) and 13 patients in group 3 (43.3%), were found to have laparoscopic evidence of endometriosis elsewhere in the pelvis. The majority of women (80.7% in group 1, 87.5% in group 2, and 100% in group 3) had stage I disease. The incidence of the distinctive appearances of the lesions was similar in the three groups of patients and 7% of all women or 15% (7/47) of those patients having endometriosis at laparoscopy had only subtle (non-¿typical') endometriotic peritoneal lesions. Uterosacral biopsies showed the presence of endometriotic tissue in three cases (5.7%), two cases (11%) and three cases (10%) in groups 1, 2, and 3 respectively. One of the two patients in group 2 and two of the three patients in group 3 had no evidence of endometriosis at laparoscopy; thus histological study revealed the presence of endometriosis in normal peritoneum in 11% (5/47) of patients having macroscopic endometriosis and in 6% (3/53) of patients without endometriosis at laparoscopy. Previous oral contraceptive users were significantly higher among women having macroscopic and/or microscopic endometriosis than among women without the condition. In conclusion, our prospective study shows a high prevalence (45-50%) of endometriosis (including microscopic forms) in both patients with chronic pelvic pain and asymptomatic women (fertile and infertile), thus supporting the modern concept that in many women endometriosis may be a paraphysiological condition while probably only in some patients small amounts of endometriosis are an ¿annoyance' with implications to their reproductive health and may produce symptoms (e.g. pelvic pain) and therefore should be defined as a ¿dis-ease'. Previous use of oral contraceptives may increase the risk of developing endometriosis.
    Human Reproduction 03/1996; 11(2):387-91. · 4.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Carcinoma of the breast during pregnancy represents 2-5% of all breast cancers. The frequency and histopathologic spectrum of breast cancer are similar in pregnant and nonpregnant women. Infiltrating lobular carcinoma is one of the less understood types of breast cancer, and its metastatic pattern seems to be different from that of infiltrating ductal carcinoma. Breast neoplasms rarely present as cancer from an unknown primary site. A woman in the third trimester of pregnancy developed carcinoma massively metastatic to the bone marrow and liver from an unknown primary tumor. At 32 weeks' gestation a healthy male was delivered by cesarean section. The patient died 12 hours after delivery. The autopsy revealed an infiltrating lobular carcinoma, 1.5 cm, of the breast. Massive metastases from an occult lobular breast carcinoma in a pregnant woman are very rare. Diffuse metastatic spread, which often complicates or delays the diagnosis, is a characteristic pattern of infiltrating lobular carcinoma. Cancer from an unknown primary site during pregnancy is an exceptional finding. If a metastatic adenocarcinoma is diagnosed in a pregnant woman, a breast primary should be strongly suspected.
    The Journal of reproductive medicine 10/1995; 40(9):676-80. · 0.75 Impact Factor