Lahsen Achemlal

Military Hospital Mohammed V, Rabat, Rabat, Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaër, Morocco

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Publications (64)102.67 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) imaging with a bone densitometer can simultaneously detect prevalent vertebral fractures (VFs) and abdominal aortic calcification (AAC). OBJECTIVE: to study the relation between the prevalence of VFs using VFA in asymptomatic women and the prevalence and severity of AAC. DESIGN: this is a cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: subjects were recruited in a third care centre from asymptomatic women selected from the general population. PARTICIPANTS: we enrolled 908 post-menopausal women with a mean age of 60.9 years ±7.7 (50 to 91) with no prior known diagnosis of osteoporosis or taking medication interfering with bone metabolism. Primary and secondary outcome measures Lateral VFA images and scans of the lumbar spine and proximal femur were obtained using a GE Healthcare Lunar Prodigy densitometer. VFs were defined using a combination of Genant semiquantitative (SQ) approach and morphometry. VFA images were scored for AAC using a validated 24 point scale. RESULTS: VFA images showed that 179 of the participants (19.7%) had at least one grade 2/3 VFs, 81% did not have any detectable AAC whereas the prevalence of significant atherosclerotic burden, defined as AAC score of 5 or higher, was 12%. The group of women with 2/3 VFs had a statistically significant higher AAC score and higher proportion of subjects with extended AAC, and lower weight, height, and lumbar spine and hip BMD and T-scores than those without a VFA-identified VFs. Multiple regression analysis showed that the presence of grade 2/3 VFs was significantly associated to age, BMI, history of peripheral fracture, AAC score≥ 5 and densitometric osteoporosis. CONCLUSION: in post-menopausal women, extended AAC are independently associated to prevalent VFs regardless of age, BMI, history of fractures, and BMD.
    Bone 06/2013; · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Recognition of vertebral fractures (VFs) changes the patient's diagnostic classification, estimation of fracture risk, and threshold for pharmacological intervention. Vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) enables the detection of VFs in the same session as bone mineral density (BMD) testing. OBJECTIVE: To study prevalence and risk factors of VFs using VFA in asymptomatic women and measure its effect on treatment recommendations. METHODS: We enrolled 908 postmenopausal women (mean age, weight and BMI of 60.9±7.7 (50-91) years, 73.2±13.2 (35-150) kg and 29.8±5.3 (14.5-50.8) kg/m(2), respectively. Lateral VFA images and scans of the lumbar spine and proximal femur were obtained using a GE Healthcare Lunar Prodigy densitometer. VFs were defined using a combination of Genant semiquantitative (SQ) approach and morphometry. RESULTS: VFs were identified in 382 patients (42.0%): 203 (22.3%) had grade 1 and 179 (19.7%) had grade 2 or 3. The prevalence of VFA-detected fractures globally increased significantly with age and as BMI and BMD declined. A fracture was identified on VFA in 63 (28.3%) women with normal BMD (8.5% had grade 2/3 VFs) and in 145 (38.5%) with osteopenia (15.7% had grade 2/3 VFs). Stepwise regression analysis showed that presence of VFs was independently related to age, BMI, number of parity, history of peripheral fracture and lumbar spine BMD. CONCLUSION: A high proportion of women with asymptomatic VFs would not receive treatment if screening were based only on BMD evaluation. Our results support the recommendation to enlarge the indications of VFA in the presence of risk factors such as age over 60, multiparity, history of peripheral traumatic fractures and low BMI.
    Bone 09/2012; 52(1):176-180. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the relationship between the prevalence of vertebral fractures (VFs) using VF assessment (VFA) in asymptomatic men and the prevalence and severity of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC). We enrolled 709 men with mean (s.d.) age 62.4 (8.6) (range 45-89) years. Lateral VFA images and scans of the lumbar spine and proximal femur were obtained using a GE Healthcare Lunar Prodigy densitometer. VFs were defined using a combination of the Genant semi-quantitative (SQ) approach and morphometry. VFA images were scored for AAC using a validated 24-point scale. VFA images showed that 68 (14.2%) of the participants had at least one grade 2/3 VF, 82% did not have any detectable AAC, whereas the prevalence of significant atherosclerotic burden, defined as an AAC score of ≥5, was 2.8%. The group of men with grade 2/3 VFs had a statistically significant higher AAC score and higher proportion of subjects with extended AAC, and lower weight, height and lumbar spine and hip BMD and T-scores than those without a VFA-identified VF. Multiple regression analysis showed that the presence of grade 2/3 VFs was significantly associated with BMI [odds ratio (OR 0.915; 95% CI 0.589, 0.975; P = 0.006], AAC score ≥5 (OR 4.509; 95% CI 1.505, 13.504; P = 0.007) and osteoporosis in any site (OR 5.159; 95% CI 3.116, 8.540; P ≤ 0.0001). In elderly men, extended AAC is an indicator of the increased risk for prevalent VFs regardless of age, BMI, history of fractures, smoking and BMD.
    Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 06/2012; 51(9):1714-20. · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypovitaminosis D is associated to accentuated bone loss. However, association between osteoporotic vertebral fractures (VFs) and vitamin D status has not been clearly established. To determine serum vitamin D status and to assess the association of vitamin D status with bone mineral density (BMD) and asymptomatic VFs prevalence using vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) in a cohort of Moroccan menopausal women. from June to September 2010, 178 menopausal women 50 years old and over were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The mean ± SD (range) age, weight, height and BMI were 58.8 ± 8.2 (50 to 79) years, 73.2 ± 13.8 (35 to 119) Kgs, 1.56 ± 0.06 (1.43 - 1.79) m and 29.8 ± 5.9 (17.5 - 49.8) kg/m2, respectively. VFA images and scans of the lumbar spine and proximal femur were obtained using a GE Healthcare Lunar Prodigy densitometer. VFs were defined using a combination of Genant semiquantitative approach and morphometry. Serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) were measured. Among the 178 women, 45 (25.2%) had densitometric osteoporosis, and on VFA, VFs (grade 2 or 3) were detected in 20.2% while grade 1 were identified in 33.1%. The mean values of serum levels of 25(OH)D were 15.8 ± 11.6 ng/ml (range: 3.0 - 49.1) with 152 patients (85.3%) having levels <30 ng/ml (insufficiency) and 92 (51.6%) <10 ng/ml (deficiency). Stepwise regression analysis showed that presence of VFs was independently related to age, 25(OH)D and densitometric osteoporosis. our study shows that advanced age, hypovitaminosis D and osteoporosis are independent risk factors for asymptomatic VFs in Moroccan postmenopausal women.
    BMC Women s Health 04/2012; 12:11. · 1.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to examine the influence of homocysteine, vitamin B(12), and folate on the prevalence of asymptomatic osteoporotic vertebral fractures (VFs) using vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) in postmenopausal women. The study cohort consisted of 188 consecutive postmenopausal women (mean age, weight, and body mass index of 57.9 ± 8.5 [41-91]yr, 74.4 ± 13.5 [38-150]kg, and 30.4 ± 5.2 [17.1-50.7]kg/m(2), respectively). Lateral VFA images and scans of the lumbar spine and proximal femur were obtained using a Lunar Prodigy Vision densitometer (GE Healthcare Inc., Waukesha, WI). VFs were defined using a combination of Genant's semiquantitative approach and morphometry. Fifty-eight (30.9%) patients had densitometric osteoporosis. VFs were identified using VFA in 76 (40.4%) patients: 61 women had grade 1 VFs and 15 had grade 2 or 3 VFs. No statistical difference was shown between the 3 groups (absence of VFs, VFs grade 1, and VFs grade 2/3) concerning the biological parameters. Comparison of patients according to quartiles of homocysteine levels showed that women in the highest quartile were older and had a lower bone mineral density (BMD); however, the prevalence of VFs was not statistically different from that of women in the other quartile groups. Stepwise regression analysis showed that homocysteine was not independently associated with the presence of VFs, which was mainly related to the osteoporotic status. Although a weak association was observed between hyperhomocysteinemia and low BMD and a trend to higher prevalence of grade 2/3 VFs was observed, our study did not confirm that homocysteine, vitamin B(12), and folate status are important determinants of prevalent asymptomatic VFs in postmenopausal women.
    Journal of Clinical Densitometry 02/2012; 15(3):328-33. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recognition of vertebral fractures (VFs) change the patient's diagnostic classification, estimation of fracture risk, and threshold for pharmacological intervention. Vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) enables the detection of VFs in the same session as bone mineral density (BMD) testing. To study prevalence and risk factors of VFs using VFA in asymptomatic men and measure its impact on patients' management. We enrolled 791 men aged between 45 and 89 (mean age, weight and BMI of 62.4±8.6) (45 to 89) years, 74.9±12.7 (40 to 163) and 26.3±4.0 (16.6 to 43.8) kg/m(2), respectively. Lateral VFA images and scans of the lumbar spine and proximal femur were obtained using a GE Healthcare Lunar Prodigy densitometer. VFs were defined using a combination of Genant semiquantitative (SQ) approach and morphometry. VFs were identified in 318 (40.3%): 206 (26.0%) had grade 1 and 112 (14.2%) had grade 2 or 3. As would be expected, the prevalence of VFA-detected fractures globally increased significantly with age and as BMI and BMD declined. A fracture was identified on VFA in 85 (32.4%) of men with normal BMD (6.9% had grade 2/3 VFs) and in 144 (35.8%) with osteopenia (11.7% had grade 2/3 VFs). Stepwise regression analysis showed that presence of VFs was independently related to the osteoporotic status (OR=4.761, 95%CI [2.956-7.668]; p<0.0001) and current smoking (OR=1.717, 95%CI [1.268-2.323]; p=0.002). Our results support the recommendation to enlarge the indications of VFA to all the men referred for DXA measurement.
    Bone 01/2012; 50(4):853-7. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence of significant left-right differences in hip bone mineral density (BMD), and the impact of this difference on osteoporosis diagnosis, we measured bilateral proximal femora using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 3481 subjects (608 males, 2873 females). The difference between left and right hip was considered significant if it exceeded the smallest detectable difference (SDD) for any of the three hip subregions. Contralateral femoral BMD was highly correlated at all measuring sites (r = 0.92-0.95). However, significant left-right differences in BMD were common: the difference exceeded the SDD for 54% of patients at total hip, 52.1% at femoral neck, and 57.7% at trochanter. The prevalence of left-right differences was greater in participants >65 years. For 1169 participants with normal spines, 22 (1.9%) had discordant left-right hips in which one hip was osteoporotic; for 1349 patients with osteopenic spines, 94 (7%) had osteoporosis in one hip. Participants with BMI < 20 kg/m(2) were more likely to show major T-score discordance (osteoporosis in one hip and normal BMD in the other). Multiple regression analysis showed that the only significant statically parameter that persists after adjusting for all potential confounding parameters were age over 65 years.
    ISRN rheumatology. 01/2012; 2012:617535.
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    ABSTRACT: The efficacy of adalimumab, a fully human anti-tumor necrosis factor-α recombinant antibody, has dramatically improved the quality of life of patients with rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis and Crohn's disease. Because it is fully human, one should not expect immune reactions to this molecule. Adverse reactions to adalimumab are limited mainly to injection site reactions and are very common. We, however, report a case of Stevens-Johnson syndrome that required hospitalization and cessation of adalimumab in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this case report, a 53-year-old woman with RA developed severe mucositis, peripheral rash and desquamation and fever concomitant with the fifth dose of 40 mg adalimumab. Infective etiologies were excluded. The patient responded rapidly to IV hydrocortisone and was able to be commenced on infliximab without recurrence of the Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Severe skin reactions induced by TNF-α antagonists can be very serious, and prescribers need to be aware of the potential for the mucocutaneous adverse effects from the use of these agents, particularly due to the significant morbidity and mortality that are associated with SJS.
    Rheumatology International 12/2011; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the association between oestradiol (E2), testosterone (T), SHBG levels and vertebral fractures' (VFs) prevalence in asymptomatic men. The study cohort consists of a population of 112 consecutive men (mean±SD (range) age, weight and BMI were 62.9±9.2 (41-84) years, 75.0±13.8 (45-120) kgs and 26.4±4.7 (18.0-39.6) kg/m(2), respectively). Lateral vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) images and scans of the lumbar spine and proximal femur were obtained using a GE Healthcare Lunar Prodigy densitometer. VFs were defined using a combination of Genant semiquantitative approach and morphometry. Serum levels of T, E2, CTx and osteocalcine were measured. Free androgen index (FAI) and free estradiol index (FEI) were calculated respectively from the ratio of serum T and E2 to SHBG. Among the 112 men, 38 (33.9%) had densitometric osteoporosis, and on VFA, VFs were identified in 60 (53.5%): 24 men had grade 1 and 36 had grade 2 or 3 VFs (32.1%). Men with VFs weighted less and had a statistically significant lower lumbar spine and total hip BMD and T-scores than those without a VFA-identified vertebral fracture. Levels of osteocalcine, CTx, and SHBG were statistically higher in men with grades 2 and 3 VFs than men with grade 1 VFs and those without VFs whereas FAI and FEI levels were significantly lower. Comparison of patients according to quartiles of SHBG levels showed that men in the highest quartile were older, had a lower lumbar spine and total hip BMD and a higher prevalence of osteoporosis and VFs. They had also higher levels of CTx. Stepwise regression analysis showed that the osteoporotic status and SHBG was independently associated to the presence of VFs. Men with asymptomatic densitometric VFs have lower BMD than subjects without VFs. They have evidence of higher SHBG levels and hence lower free sex steroids as well as increased bone resorption. This study confirms that BMD and CTx are the most important determinant of asymptomatic VFs, and that SHBG is an independent risk factor that must be taken into account.
    Bone 06/2011; 49(4):853-7. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the prevalence and risk factors of vertebral fractures (VFs) in a large cohort of patients with RA using VF assessment (VFA). We enrolled 172 women with RA, none of whom were taking osteoporosis medications. Patients underwent dual X-ray absorptiometry at the hip and spine and VFA, and completed a questionnaire. Radiological status was assessed by the modified Sharp erosion and narrowing score. VFA was classified using a combination of Genant semi-quantitative approach and morphometry. Patients had a mean (s.d.) disease duration of 8.4 (5.2) years. VFs were detected in 36% (62/172). This group of women had a statistically significant lower weight, height and lumbar spine and total hip BMD and T-scores than those without a VFA-identified VF. They also had more long-standing and severe disease and a greater consumption of corticosteroids. Stepwise regression analysis showed that the presence of VFs was independently associated with low weight and total hip T-score and long disease duration, CRP and Sharp erosion score. RA is a risk factor on its own for the development of osteoporosis and VFs and this risk increases more with low weight, disease duration and severe course of disease. These findings may suggest that to prevent the development of VFs, precautions should be taken immediately to suppress the disease activity and correct the weight loss in patients with RA.
    Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 03/2010; 49(7):1303-10. · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 42-year-old woman who was admitted in 2002 for exploration of diffuse bone pain. She had medical history of pulmonary tuberculosis. Her current symptoms had started 9 months earlier and consisted of bone pain, affecting the legs. She had asthenia and weight loss. At admission, physical examination showed bilateral and symmetrical long bone pain, especially the knees and the ankles. Physical exam was normal elsewhere. Laboratory tests showed inflammation, with an erythrocyte sedimentation rate of 90 mm/h and C-reactive protein 8 mg/l. Protein electrophoresis, red and white blood cell count, renal, and liver function tests were normal. Serum calcium, phosphorus, and urinary calcium were normal. Radiographs showed multiple mixed bone lesions with sclerotic and lytic areas of the femora, tibiae, humerus. Chest radiographs and thoracic computed tomography (CT) scan showed pulmonary fibrosis. Biopsy of the tibial area displayed foamy lipid-laden histiocytes, confirming the diagnosis of Erdheim-Chester disease. Patient was treated with prednisolone plus cyclophosphamide. Her clinical condition improved remarkably during 4 years, but she developed acute renal failure leading to death.
    Rheumatology International 08/2009; 30(5):651-4. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis has become an increasingly recognized complication among patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors of osteoporosis in patients with CLD (primary biliary cirrhosis and chronic viral hepatitis B or C patients) in comparison with a group of age- and sex-matched controls. Sixty-four patients with CLD (mean age 51.66 +/- 11.54 years), 48 females and 16 males were included. Age- and sex-matched individuals from the general population served as controls. Osteoporosis was evaluated by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (bone mineral density below -2.5 T score) at the lumbar spine (LS) and total hip (TH). Vertebral fractures were established by densitometric morphometry (vertebral fracture assessment). Bone turnover was assessed by intact parathyroid hormone, osteocalcin and C-telopeptides of type I collagen in the serum. Prevalence of osteoporosis in either the LS or the TH was 45.3%, twice as high as in the controls (19.6%) (RR 2.31, 95% CI 1.42-3.75, P < 0.001). Age, menopausal status, cirrhosis and advanced histological stage are not determinant factors for developing osteoporosis in patients with CLD. However, female sex, cholestasis, lower weight and height but not body mass index seem to play predominant role. Three (5.3%) patients had dorsal and LS fractures. It was concluded that osteoporosis is effectively a complication of CLD. Cholestasis in addition to female sex and lower weight and height are risk factors of osteoporosis in CLD.
    Rheumatology International 07/2009; 30(7):893-9. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is characterized by inflammation of the entheses and paravertebral structures, leading in time to bone formation at those sites. As well, vertebral bone loss is also a recognized feature of AS Objective: To calculate the prevalence and risk factors of osteoporosis and vertebral fractures in patients with AS. Methods: Eighty patients with AS were enrolled in the study. Clinical, biological and radiological status was assessed by the Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath AS Functional Index (BASFI), ESR and C-reactive protein (CRP), Bath AS Radiology Index (BASRI) and modified stoke AS spine score (mSASSS). BMD of the hip and spine was measured and vertebral fractures were defined using a combination of Genant semiquantitative (SQ) approach and morphometry by VFA (fracture vertebral assessment). Results: The years+/-11.8. The mean BMI was 22.8 kg/m(2)+/-4.1 and the mean disease duration was 10.8 years+/-6.6. Prevalence of osteoporosis was 25%. 18.8% of patients had a vertebral fracture (grades 2 and 3). Factors associated with osteoporosis were low weight and BMI and longer disease duration, higher ESR, CRP, BASFI and BASDAI. Vertebral fractures were associated with advanced age, longer disease duration, higher BASFI, BASRI and mSASSS and reduced BMD and T-score at the hip site, presence of osteoporosis at any site. Multiple logistic regression analysis (Table 4) revealed that parameters significantly associated with osteoporosis were BASDAI (OR=1.05, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-1.09); disease duration (OR=1.13, 95%CI: 1.03-1.25); and BMI (OR=0.82, 95%CI: 0.69-0.93). The presence of VFs (grades 2 and 3) were independently associated with disease duration (OR=1.50, 95%CI: 1.07-2.10); and mSASSS (OR=1.17, 95%CI: 1.05-1.30). Conclusion: Osteoporosis is common in patients with AS and seems to be related to disease activity while vertebral fractures appear to be related to the duration and structural severity of the disease rather than BMD.
    Bone 06/2009; 44(5):772-6. · 3.82 Impact Factor
  • La Presse Médicale 06/2009; 38(10):e17-20. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone mineral density (BMD) measurements using dual-energy X-rays absorptiometry (DXA) are widely used to diagnose osteoporosis and to assess its severity. Previous studies show the necessity to establish reference data for bone mass measurements for each particular population. Such data are lacking for the male Moroccan population. To establish reference values for the healthy Moroccan male population and to compare them with those for Caucasian and Arab males, and to study the impact of different curves implemented in the DXA system on the diagnosis of osteoporosis. A cross-sectional study of 592 Moroccan men, recruited from the area of Rabat, the capital of Morocco, aged between 20 and 79 years was carried to establish reference values of bone mineral density. Measurements were taken at the lumbar spine and proximal femurs using DXA (Lunar Prodigy Vision, GE). The data were compared with published normative taken by US, European, Iranian, Lebanese, and Saudi men over six decades of age. Impact on osteoporosis diagnosis according to the WHO criteria using the personalized curve and US (NHANES), European and Middle-East reference curves (as implemented in the Lunar densitometers) was studied. Our results showed that the Moroccan men showed the expected decline in BMD at both sites with age after peaking at 20-29 years age group. Every anatomical region has a different rate of bone loss: lumbar spine (0.3% per year) femoral neck (0.6%), trochanter (0.3%), and total hip (0.4%). The lumbar spine and femoral subregions BMD exhibited increases from 0.3 to 0.5% per kilogram of body weight. In the spine, the US/European Lunar reference values classified a larger proportion of men as osteoporotic (18.1% vs. 7.4%) while using the Arabic Lunar reference values, only 7.8% were classified as osteoporotic. However, using Arabic curve for the femurs resulted in underdiagnosis of osteoporosis (1.8% vs. 6.0%), whereas the US/European Lunar reference values classified men as osteoporotic in 3.9% and 5.3% respectively. In comparison with the other Countries, the spine BMD of Moroccan men were slightly lower than Iranian's, Europeans and Brazilians but higher than the Saudi and Lebanese males. We found BMD values taken at the lumbar spine to be around 4% lower than European values between ages 50 and 59 years, and 10% lower for older subjects. These values were 4-6% higher than Saudis/Lebanese values between ages 20-39. For older subjects, Moroccan values were more than 10% higher than Saudis and almost similar to Lebanese. Femoral neck BMD values were 8% higher in young adults (age 20-39 years) to US/Saudis/Lebanese values, but about 10% lower in ages over 60 to US values whereas it was similar to Saudis and Lebanese values. Our study emphasises the importance of using population-specific reference values for BMD measurements to avoid over or underdiagnosis of osteoporosis.
    Bone 02/2009; 44(5):965-9. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) is a fast, low-radiation technique which produces images that are of sufficient quality to be used to diagnose the presence of vertebral deformity consistent with fracture. To study prevalence and risk factors of vertebral fractures using VFA in asymptomatic Moroccan women. The study cohort consists of a population of 328 consecutive women aged over 50 (mean age, weight and BMI of 65+/-6.5 (50-84) years, 72.0+/-12.8 (42-125) and 29.4+/-5.0 (17.1-45.8)kg/m(2), respectively). Lateral VFA images and scans of the lumbar spine and proximal femur were obtained by two technologists using a GE Healthcare Lunar Prodigy densitometer. Vertebral fractures were defined using a combination of Genant semiquantitative (SQ) approach and morphometry. 68% of vertebrae from T4-L4 and 75% from T8-L4 were adequately visualized on VFA. Vertebral fractures (grades 2 or 3) were detected in 25.6% (84/328) of these women. Thirty-two of women with VFA-identified fracture (38.0%) had only a single vertebral fracture, while the other 61.9% had two or more. Fractures were most common in the mid-thoracic spine and at the thoraco-lumbar junction. As would be expected, the prevalence of VFA-detected fractures increased with age and as BMD declined. Stepwise regression analysis showed that presence of vertebral fracture was mainly related to the spine osteoporotic status, age older than 65, history of peripheral fracture and more than six parities. Vertebral fractures are common in asymptomatic Moroccan women and are related to age, low BMD, history of fracture and multiparity.
    Maturitas 02/2009; 62(2):171-5. · 2.84 Impact Factor
  • Presse Medicale. 01/2009; 38(10).
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    ABSTRACT: Due to its low cost, portability, and nonionizing radiation, quantitative ultrasound (QUS) of the heel is an alternative to the measurement with dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in the evaluation of bone status. The objective of the study is to compare in asymptomatic postmenopausal women the ability of QUS and DXA to discriminate between those with and without prevalent vertebral fractures (VFs). The study cohort consists of a population of 295 postmenopausal women aged between 60 and 84 (mean age, weight and BMI of 66.3 years, 72.0 kg and 29.4 kg/m(2), respectively). Lateral VFA images and scans of the lumbar spine and proximal femur were obtained by two technologists using a GE Healthcare Lunar Prodigy densitometer. VFs were defined using a combination of Genant semiquantitative (SQ) approach and morphometry. All women had a calcaneous QUS examination. The mean age of the women in our sample was 66.3 (+/-5.3) years, ranging from 60 to 84 years. Eighty-seven (29.3%) women had VFs Genant grade 2 and 3. Patients with VFs had an age and a number of years of menopause higher to those without VFs, but showed lower height, weight, and BMI. All densitometric and ultrasonometric measurements were significantly reduced in women with VFs. The intercorrelations of BMD at different sites were high, and the correlations of BUA with BMD were lower. BUA correlated weakly with total hip BMD (r = 0.36), lumbar spine BMD (r = 0.32), and much less with femur BMD (r = 0.30); all correlations were significant (P < 0.01). Analysis of the AUC for the ROC curves showed lumbar spine T-score below -2.5 to provide consistently the highest AUC (0.64). Age-adjusted ORs after correction for confounding variables (years of menopause, weight, height, and BMI) for QUS and BMD measurements showed that only lumbar spine T-score below -2.5 could predict significantly the presence of VFs (OR, 1.94; 95%CI, 1.02-3.41). Lumbar spine BMD (and not QUS) was able to discriminate asymptomatic postmenopausal women with prevalent VFs from women without VFs and independently contributed to determining the association with fracture. The combination of QUS and BMD did not improve the diagnostic ability of either individual technique.
    Rheumatology International 10/2008; 29(5):551-6. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most common cause of disability in the elderly. It is currently recognized as a cause of secondary osteoporosis. To evaluate the prevalence of osteoporosis in PD and detect its risk factors, 52 patients with PD (36 men/16 women) and 52 controls paired for age and sex were recruited. Clinical data including demography, disease duration and disease severity were collected. All subjects had bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, dorsal and lumbar spine X-ray, and biological exams (osteocalcin, CTX, parathormon). The mean age of the patients was 60.0 +/- 9.25 years [30-77], and the mean disease duration was 4.9 +/- 4.5 years [0.2-17]. Nine patients (17.3%) were osteoporotic and 28 (53.8%) osteopenic. BMD at the lumbar spine and the hip was lower among patients than controls (spine: 1.031 vs. 1.175 g/cm(2); P < 0.001; hip: 0.968 vs. 1.054; P = 0.02). PD patients with low BMD presented a more severe disease and an insufficient sun exposure and calcium intake. There was a positive statistically significant correlation between patients BMD and body mass index and negative correlation with age, severity of PD, and osteocalcin levels. The prevalence of osteoporosis/osteopenia is high in PD patients and seems related to the severity of the disease, an insufficient sun exposure and calcium intake. This osteoporosis constitutes with falls the major risk factors of fracture in PD patients.
    Rheumatology International 08/2008; 28(12):1205-9. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diagnostic discordance for osteoporosis is the presence of different categories of T-scores in 2 skeletal sites of an individual patient, falling into 2 different diagnostic categories identified by the World Health Organization classification system. To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for T-score discordance between spine and total hip measurement sites. Demographic data, anthropometric measurements, and risk factors for osteoporosis were derived from a database of 3479 patients referred to a community-based outpatient osteoporosis testing center. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was performed on L1-L4 lumbar spine and total hips for all cases. Minor discordance was defined as present when the difference between 2 sites was no more than 1 World Health Organization diagnostic class. Major discordance was present when 1 site is osteoporotic and the other is normal. Subjects with incomplete data were excluded. In 3479 participants (2871 women; mean age, 55.7 +/- 11.9 years), concordance of T-scores, minor discordance, and major discordance were seen in 54, 42, and 4%, respectively. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, age, menopause, and obesity were identified as risk factors against T-score discordance. Densitometrists and clinicians should expect that at least 4 of every 10 patients tested by DXA to demonstrate T-score discordance between spine and total hip measurement sites. T-score discordance can occur for a variety of reasons related to physiologic and pathologic patient factors as well as the performance or analysis of DXA itself.
    Seminars in arthritis and rheumatism 07/2008; 38(6):467-71. · 4.72 Impact Factor