Ziming Dong

Zhengzhou University, Cheng, Henan Sheng, China

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Publications (52)204.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Neuropilin 1 (NRP1), a receptor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), promotes angiogenesis, tumor growth, tumor invasion and metastasis. However, the function of NRP1 in melanoma progression, as well as the effect of NRP1 expression on the prognosis of patients with melanoma remains unknown. In the present study, NRP1 expression was examined in 460 cases of melanocytic lesions (28 common nevi, 51 dysplastic nevi, 250 primary melanoma and 131 metastatic melanoma) at different stages, using a tissue microarray. The correlation of NRP1 expression with melanoma progression, and its prognostic value in patients with melanoma was examined. In addition, the correlation between matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and NRP1 expression in patients with melanoma was analyzed. The results demonstrated that NRP1 expression was significantly increased in primary (56%) and metastatic melanoma (62%), compared with common nevi (11%) and dysplastic nevi (24%). Notably, increased NRP1 expression was correlated with a poorer overall, and disease‑specific, 10‑year survival (P=0.03 and P=0.002, respectively). Multivariate Cox regression analyses indicated that NRP1 is an independent prognostic marker for melanoma. Furthermore, a significant positive correlation between NRP1 and MMP2 expression in melanoma biopsies was observed, and their concomitant expression was closely correlated with melanoma patient survival, further supporting the hypothesis that the expression of NRP1 is associated with melanoma invasion and metastasis. In conclusion, increased NRP1 expression is associated with disease progression and reduced survival in patients with melanoma, and is a promising prognostic molecular marker for this disease.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 05/2015; DOI:10.3892/mmr.2015.3752 · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liver cancer is the second-most frequent cause of cancer death in the world and is highly treatment resistant. We reported previously that inhibition of neddylation pathway with specific NAE inhibitor MLN4924, suppressed the malignant phenotypes of liver cancer. However, during the process, MLN4924 induces pro-survival autophagy as a mechanism of drug resistance. Here, we report that blockage of autophagy with clinically-available autophagy inhibitors (e.g. chloroquine) significantly enhanced the efficacy of MLN4924 on liver cancer cells by triggering apoptosis. Mechanistically, chloroquine enhanced MLN4924-induced up-regulation of pro-apoptotic proteins (e.g. NOXA) and down-regulation of anti-apoptotic proteins. Importantly, the down-regulation of NOXA expression via siRNA silencing substantially attenuated apoptosis of liver cancer cells. Further mechanistic studies revealed that blockage of autophagy augmented MLN4924-induced DNA damage and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. The elimination of DNA damage or blockage of ROS production significantly reduced the expression of NOXA, and thereby attenuated apoptosis and reduced growth inhibition of liver cancer cells. Moreover, blockage of autophagy enhanced the efficacy of MLN4924 in an orthotopic model of human liver cancer, with induction of NOXA and apoptosis in tumor tissues. These findings provide important preclinical evidence for clinical investigation of synergistic inhibition of neddylation and autophagy in liver cancer.
    Oncotarget 03/2015; · 6.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylase (HDAC)‑mediated epigenetic modification plays crucial roles in numerous biological processes, including cell cycle regulation, cell proliferation and apoptosis. HDAC inhibitors demonstrate antitumor effects in various cancers, including glioblastoma and breast cancer. HDAC inhibitors are therefore promising antitumor drugs for these tumors. The tumorigenesis and development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) involve genetic and epigenetic mechanisms. However, the effects of the HDAC inhibitor on ESCC are not fully investigated. In the present study, ESCC cells were treated with trichostatin A (TSA) and its antitumor effects and related mechanisms were investigated. The results indicated that TSA suppressed the proliferation of ESCCs and caused G1 phase arrest by inducing the expression of p21 and p27. TSA also induced cell apoptosis by enhancing the expression of pro‑apoptotic protein Bax and decreasing the expression of anti‑apoptotic protein Bcl‑2. Furthermore, TSA inhibited the expression of phosphatidylinositol‑3‑kinase (PI3K) and reduced the phosphorylation of Akt and extracellular signal‑regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 in EC9706 and EC1 cell lines. High levels of acetylated histone H4 were detected in TSA‑treated ESCC cell lines. Overall, these results indicate that TSA suppresses ESCC cell growth by inhibiting the activation of the PI3K/Akt and ERK1/2 pathways. TSA also promotes cell apoptosis through epigenetic regulation of the expression of apoptosis‑related protein.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 01/2015; DOI:10.3892/mmr.2015.3268 · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: SRY-box containing gene 17 (Sox17), a transcription factor, is considered as an antagonist to canonical Wnt/β‑catenin signaling in several types of malignant tumors. As the influence of Sox17 in the pathogenesis of human melanoma is still unknown, the investigation of Sox17 expression in melanoma is warranted and its prognostic value is of great interest. In the present study, Sox17 expression was examined in 525 cases of melanocytic lesions (33 common acquired nevi, 59 dysplastic nevi, 291 primary melanomas and 142 metastatic melanomas) at different stages by tissue microarray. The correlation of Sox17 expression with melanoma progression and its prognostic value in melanoma patients were examined. We also analyzed the correlation between Sox17 and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 expression in 374 melanoma samples. The results showed that Sox17 expression was significantly decreased in primary and metastatic melanoma compared to common acquired nevi and dysplastic nevi (P=2.4x10-17). Furthermore, Sox17 expression was inversely correlated with American Joint Committee on Cancer stage (P=4.6x10-15), thickness (P=0.00004) and ulceration (P=0.03). Notably, reduced Sox17 expression was correlated with a poorer overall and disease-specific 5- and 10-year survival of the patients. Multivariate Cox regression analyses indicated that Sox17 is an independent prognostic marker for melanoma patients. Moreover, we found a significant positive correlation between Sox17 and p27 expression in melanoma biopsies; their concomitant expression was closely correlated with the survival of melanoma patients. Taken together, decreased Sox17 expression is correlated with melanoma progression, an unfavorable survival of melanoma patients and is an independent molecular prognostic factor for melanoma.
    Oncology Reports 10/2014; DOI:10.3892/or.2014.3534 · 2.19 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 10/2014; 74(19 Supplement):1241-1241. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2014-1241 · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myricetin, a common dietary flavonoid, is widely distributed in fruits and vegetables and is used as a health food supplement based on its anti-tumor properties. However, the effect and mechanisms of myricetin in esophageal carcinoma are not fully understood. Here, we demonstrated the effect of myricetin on the proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion of the esophageal carcinoma cell lines EC9706 and KYSE30 and explored the underlying mechanism and target protein(s) of myricetin. CCK-8 assay, transwell invasion assay, wound-healing assay, cell cycle analysis, and apoptosis assay were used to evaluate the effects of myricetin on cell proliferation, invasion, and apoptosis. Nude mouse tumor xenograft model was built to understand the interaction between myricetin and NTD RSK2. Pull-down assay was used to verify molecular mechanism. Myricetin inhibited proliferation and invasion and induced apoptosis of EC9706 and KYSE30 cells. Moreover, myricetin was shown to bind RSK2 through the NH2-terminal kinase domain. Finally, myricetin inhibited EC9706 and KYSE30 cell proliferation through Mad1 and induced cell apoptosis via Bad. Myricetin inhibits the proliferation and invasion and induces apoptosis in EC9706 and KYSE30 cells via RSK2. Myricetin exerts anti-proliferative, anti-invasive, and pro-apoptotic effects on esophageal carcinoma EC9706 and KYSE30 cells via RSK2. Our results provide novel insight into myricetin as a potential agent for the prevention and treatment of esophageal carcinoma.
    Tumor Biology 09/2014; 35(12). DOI:10.1007/s13277-014-2579-4 · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most lethal cancer causing more than 150,000 deaths in the United States in 2013. The receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), such as gefitinib, are not perfect clinical therapeutic agents for NSCLC treatment due to primary or acquired TKI resistance. Herein, 3,6,2',4',5'- pentahydroxyflavone (36245-PHF) was identified as a multiple kinase inhibitor for NSCLC treatment based on the computational screening of a natural products database. 36245-PHF was shown to inhibit PI3-K, Aurora A and B kinases and overcome gefitinib-resistant NSCLC growth. Our data clearly showed that 36245-PHF markedly inhibited anchorage-independent growth of gefitinib-resistant NSCLC cell lines, and exerted a substantial chemotherapeutic effect following oral administration in a gefitinib-resistant NSCLC xenograft model. The evidence from 3 different subsequent methodological approaches, in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo, all confirmed that 36245-PHF as a multiple protein kinase inhibitor. Overall, we identified 36245-PHF as a multiple protein kinase inhibitor and as a novel therapeutic agent to overcome gefitinib-resistant NSCLC growth, which could provide a new option for clinical NSCLC oral treatment.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 08/2014; 289(41). DOI:10.1074/jbc.M114.593475 · 4.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Caffeic acid (3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid) is a well-known phenolic phytochemical present in coffee and reportedly has anticancer activities. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms and targeted proteins involved in the suppression of carcinogenesis by caffeic acid are not fully understood. In this study, we report that caffeic acid significantly inhibits colony formation of human skin cancer cells and EGF-induced neoplastic transformation of HaCaT cells dose-dependently. Caffeic acid topically applied to dorsal mouse skin significantly suppressed tumor incidence and volume in a solar UV-induced skin carcinogenesis mouse model. A substantial reduction of phosphorylation in mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling was observed in mice treated with caffeic acid either before or after solar UV exposure. Caffeic acid directly interacted with ERK1/2 and inhibited ERK1/2 activities in vitro. Importantly, we resolved the co-crystal structure of ERK2 complexed with caffeic acid. Caffeic acid interacted directly with ERK2 at amino acid residues Q105, D106 and M108. Moreover, A431 cells expressing knockdown of ERK2 lost sensitivity to caffeic acid in a skin cancer xenograft mouse model. Taken together, our results suggest that caffeic acid exerts chemopreventive activity against solar UV-induced skin carcinogenesis by targeting ERK1 and 2.
    Cancer Prevention Research 08/2014; 7(10). DOI:10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-14-0141 · 5.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The high mobility group-box 3 (HMGB3) protein belongs to the high mobility group box (HMG-box) subfamily, and recent studies have shown that HMGB3 is an oncogene for leukemia. HMGB3 is also expressed at a high level in the progression phase of breast and gastric cancer (GC). Using bioinformatic analyses, we found that HMGB3 is a potential target for miR-513b. However, the pathophysiological role of miR-513b and its relevance to the growth and development of GC have yet to be investigated. This study focuses on whether miR-513b acts as a tumor suppressor in GC. Compared with non-malignant adjacent tissues samples, qRT-PCR data showed significant downregulation of miR-513b in 74 GC tissue samples (P < 0.01). Furthermore, western blotting revealed that HMGB3 protein was overexpressed in tumor samples relative to matched, non-malignant adjacent tissues. Western blotting and qRT-PCR results showed that high expression of HMGB3 and low expression of miR-513b were both significantly associated with primary tumors, lymph node metastases, and the clinical stage (P < 0.01). MiR-513b was shown to not only inhibit the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer cells (MKN45 and SGC7901) in the CCK-8 and transwell assays, but also to promote cell apoptosis in a flow-cytometric apoptosis assay. In western blot and luciferase assays, HMGB3 was identified as a major target of miR-513b. Moreover, we also found that the expression of HMGB3 lacking in 3' UTR could abrogate the anti-migration and pro-apoptosis function of miR-513b. These findings suggest the importance of miR-513b targeting of HMGB3 in the regulation of growth, migration and apoptosis of GC, improve our understanding of the mechanisms of GC pathogenesis, and may promote the development of novel targeted therapies.
    Tumor Biology 08/2014; 35(11). DOI:10.1007/s13277-014-2405-z · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human DNA polymerase β (DNA polymeraseβ (polβ)) is a small monomeric protein which is essential for short-patch base excision repair (BER). It plays an important role in regulating the radiation sensitivity of tumor cells in the course of tumor radiation therapy. In this study, qRT-PCR and Western blot assays were used to quantify polβ expression levels in esophageal carcinoma (EC) cells that were transfected with polβ small interfering RNA (siRNA). Cell counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry, and Hoechst/PI stain assays were conducted to evaluate the effects of silencing polβ on the radiotherapeutic sensitivity of EC cells. We found that the expression levels of polβ in EC cells were significantly decreased after transfection with polβ siRNA. Then, we found that polβ silencing increased the sensitivity of EC cells to radiation therapy. In conclusion, our study paves the way for a better understanding of the mechanism of the polβ gene in DNA repair, and we propose that RNA interference technology will have important applications in gene therapy of EC and other cancers in the future.
    Tumor Biology 07/2014; 35(10). DOI:10.1007/s13277-014-2308-z · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Solar ultraviolet (SUV) irradiation is a major factor in skin carcinogenesis, the most common form of cancer in the USA. The mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase cascades are activated by SUV irradiation. The 90 kDa ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK) and mitogen and stress activated protein kinase (MSK) proteins constitute a family of protein kinases that mediate signal transduction downstream of the MAP kinase cascades. In this study, phosphorylation of RSK and MSK1 was up-regulated in human squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and solar UV-treated mouse skin. Kaempferol, a natural flavonol, found in tea, broccoli, grapes, apples and other plant sources, is known to have anticancer activity, but its mechanisms and direct target(s) in cancer chemoprevention are unclear. Kinase array results revealed that kaempferol inhibited RSK2 and MSK1. Pull-down assay results, ATP competition and in vitro kinase assay data revealed that kaempferol interacts with RSK2 and MSK1 at the ATP-binding pocket and inhibits their respective kinase activities. Mechanistic investigations showed that kaempferol suppresses RSK2 and MSK1 kinase activities to attenuate solar UV-induced phosphorylation of CREB and histone H3 in mouse skin cells. Kaempferol was a potent inhibitor of solar UV-induced mouse skin carcinogenesis. Further analysis showed that skin from the kaempferol-treated group exhibited a substantial reduction in solar UV-induced phosphorylation of cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB), c-Fos and histone H3. Overall, our results identify kaempferol as a safe and novel chemopreventive agent against solar UV-induced skin carcinogenesis that acts by targeting RSK2 and MSK1.
    Cancer Prevention Research 07/2014; 7(9). DOI:10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-14-0126 · 5.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background A number of oncoproteins and tumor suppressors are known to be neddylated, but whether the neddylation pathway is entirely activated in human cancer remains unexplored. Methods NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE) (E1) and NEDD8-conjugating enzyme (E2) expression and global-protein neddylation were examined by immunohistochemistry, immunoblotting, and real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis. Cell proliferation, clonogenic survival, migration, and motility in vitro, as well as tumor formation and metastasis in vivo, were determined upon neddylation inhibition by MLN4924, an investigational NEDD8-activating enzyme inhibitor. Survival was analyzed with Kaplan-Meier methods and compared by the log-rank test. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results The entire neddylation pathway, including NEDD8-activating enzyme E1, NEDD8-conjugating enzyme E2, and global-protein neddylation, is overactivated in both lung adenocarcinoma and squamous-cell carcinoma. Compared with lung adenocarcinoma patients with low expression, those with high expression had worse overall survival (NEDD8-activating enzyme E1 subunit 1 [NAE1]: hazard ratio [HR] = 2.07, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.95 to 4.52, P = .07; ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2M (UBC12): HR = 13.26, 95% CI = 1.77 to 99.35, P = .01; global protein neddylation: HR = 3.74, 95% CI = 1.65 to 8.47, P = .002). Moreover, inhibition of neddylation by the NAE inhibitor MLN4924 statistically significantly suppressed proliferation, survival, migration, and motility of lung cancer cells in vitro and tumor formation and metastasis in vivo. At the molecular level, MLN4924 inactivated Cullin-RING E3 ligases, led to accumulation of tumor-suppressive Cullin-RING E3 ligase substrates and induced phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate-induced protein 1 (NOXA)-dependent apoptosis or cellular senescence. Conclusions Our study highlights the overactivated neddylation pathway in lung cancer development and as a promising therapeutic target.
    JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute 06/2014; 106(6). DOI:10.1093/jnci/dju083 · 15.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) loss or mutation consistently activates the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K)/Akt signaling pathway, which contributes to the progression and invasiveness of prostate cancer. Furthermore, the PTEN/PI3-K/Akt and Ras/MAPK pathways cooperate to promote the epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis initiated from prostate stem/progenitor cells. For these reasons, the PTEN/PI3-K/Akt pathway is considered as an attractive target for both chemoprevention and chemotherapy. Herein we report that eupafolin, a natural compound found in common sage, inhibited proliferation of prostate cancer cells. Protein content analysis indicated that phosphorylation of Akt and its downstream kinases was inhibited by eupafolin treatment. Pull-down assay and in vitro kinase assay results indicated that eupafolin could bind with PI3-K and attenuate its kinase activity. Eupafolin also exhibited tumor suppressive effects in vivo in an athymic nude mouse model. Overall, these results suggested that eupafolin exerts antitumor effects by targeting PI3-K. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Molecular Carcinogenesis 04/2014; DOI:10.1002/mc.22139 · 4.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can act as either oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes under different conditions and thus can play a significant role in cancer development. We investigated miR-655 expression in a cohort of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) to assess the impact of this miRNA on ESCC cell invasion and metastasis. A qRT-PCR assay was used to quantify miR-655 expression levels in 34 paired ESCC samples and adjacent non-tumor tissues. Wound healing and transwell assays were used to evaluate the effects of miR-655 expression on the invasiveness of ESCC cells. Luciferase reporter and western blot assays were used to determine whether the mRNA encoding pituitary tumor-transforming gene-1 (PTTG1) is a major target of miR-655. The expression level of miR-655 in ESCC tissues was found to be lower than in adjacent non-tumor tissues (P < 0.05). This relatively low expression level was significantly associated with the occurrence of lymph node metastases (P < 0.05). Migration rates were significantly lower for two ESCC-derived cell lines (EC9706 and KYSE150) transfected with miR-429 mimics (P < 0.05). Subsequent western blot and luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that miR-655 could bind to putative binding sites within the PTTG1 mRNA 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) and thus reduce the expression. miR-655 is expressed at low levels in primary ESCC tissues, and up-regulation of miR-655 inhibits ESCC cell invasiveness by targeting PTTG1. Our findings suggest that PTTG1 may act as a major target of miR-655. This study improves our understanding of the mechanisms underlying ESCC pathogenesis and may promote the development of novel targeted therapies.
    Journal of Translational Medicine 12/2013; 11(1):301. DOI:10.1186/1479-5876-11-301 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs are small, noncoding RNAs approximately 18-24 nucleotides in length that negatively regulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional and/or translational level by binding to complimentary sequences in the 3'-untranslated regions of target mRNAs. Growing evidence has indicated the important roles for different miRNA species in the development of different cancers. Therefore, miRNAs have the potential to become new biological markers for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and to be applied in the diagnosis, prognosis, and targeted treatment of ESCC. In this study, we performed a miRNA microarray to analyze the miRNA expression profile in ESCC compared to normal tissues. Then, we made a preliminary analysis of the biological function for the most differentially expressed miRNAs and their potentially target genes regulated. Some microarray results were validated by performing quantitative RT-PCR. The study provided evidence that linked the biological role of miRNAs to ESCC and showed that miRNAs could undertake a variety of mechanisms. Additionally, we also found that altered miR-429 and miR-451 expression levels were associated with the occurrence of lymph node metastases and the differentiation status and TNM stage in ESCC. The study of miRNAs may lead to finding novel methods to diagnose, treat, and prevent ESCC.
    Tumor Biology 11/2013; 35(4). DOI:10.1007/s13277-013-1432-5 · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) play an important role in many physiological processes induced by numerous stress signals. Each JNK protein appears to have a distinct function in cancer, diabetes, or Parkinson's disease. Herein, we found that licochalcone A, a major phenolic constituent isolated from licorice root, suppressed JNK1 activity, but had little effect on JNK2 in vitro activity. Although licochalcone A binds with JIP1 competitively with either JNK1 or JNK2, a computer simulation model showed that after licochalcone A binding, the ATP-binding cleft of JNK1 was distorted more substantially than that of JNK2. This could reduce the affinity of JNK1 more than JNK2 for ATP binding. Furthermore, licochalcone A inhibited JNK1-mediated, but not JNK2-mediated, c-Jun phosphorylation in both ex vivo and in vitro systems. We also observed that in colon and pancreatic cancer cell lines, JNK1 is highly expressed compared with normal cell lines. In cancer cell lines, treatment with licochalcone A or knocking down JNK1 expression suppressed colon and pancreatic cancer cell proliferation and colony formation. The inhibition resulted in G1 phase arrest and apoptosis. Moreover, an in vivo xenograft mouse study showed that licochalcone A treatment effectively suppressed the growth of HCT116 xenografts, without affecting the body weight of mice. These results demonstrate that licochalcone A is a selective JNK1 inhibitor. Therefore, we suggest that because of JNK1's critical role in colon cancer and pancreatic carcinogenesis, licochalcone A might have preventive or therapeutic potential against these devastating diseases.
    Cancer Prevention Research 11/2013; 7(1). DOI:10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-13-0117 · 5.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human T cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is an oncogenic retrovirus that can cause adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and other diseases. The HTLV-1 bZIP factor (HBZ), which is encoded by an mRNA of the opposite polarity of the viral genomic RNA, interacts with several transcription factors and is involved in T cell proliferation, viral gene transcription and cellular transformation. Cyclin D1 is a pivotal regulatory protein involved in cell cycle progression, and its depressed expression correlates with cell cycle prolongation or arrested at the G1/S transition. In our present study, we observed that HBZ expression suppressed cyclin D1 level. To investigate the role of HBZ on cyclin D1 depression, we transduced HBZ with lentivirus vector into 293T cells, CEM cells and Jurkat cells. The results of Western blot, RT-PCR and luciferase assays showed that transcriptional activity of the cyclin D1 promoter was suppressed by the bZIP domain of HBZ (HBZ-bZIP) through cyclic AMP response element (CRE) site. Immunoprecipitation and GST pull-down assays showed the binding of HBZ-bZIP to CRE-binding protein (CREB), which confirmed that the cyclin D1 promoter activity inhibition via the CRE-site was mediated by HBZ-bZIP. The results suggested that HBZ suppressed cyclin D1 transcription through interactions with CREB and along with other viral protein, HBZ may play a causal role for leukemogenesis.
    Molecular Biology Reports 09/2013; 40(10). DOI:10.1007/s11033-013-2706-0 · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Melanoma is the deadliest cutaneous malignancy because of its high incidence of metastasis. Melanoma growth and metastasis relies on sustained angiogenesis; therefore, inhibiting angiogenesis is a promising approach to treat metastatic melanoma. JWA is a novel microtubule-associated protein and our previous work revealed that JWA inhibited melanoma cell invasion and metastasis. However, the role of JWA in melanoma angiogenesis and the prognostic value are still unknown. Here, we report that JWA in melanoma cells significantly inhibited the tube formation of endothelial cells. In addition, JWA regulated ILK through intergrin αVβ3 and such regulation was achieved through the transcription factor Sp1. Notably, both in vitro and in vivo angiogenesis assays revealed that JWA dramatically suppressed melanoma angiogenesis by inhibiting ILK signaling. Furthermore, we examined the expression of JWA protein in a large set of melanocytic lesions (n=505) at different stages by tissue microarray and found an inverse correlation between JWA expression and melanoma progression (P=5×10(-6)). Importantly, reduced JWA expression was correlated with a poorer overall, and disease-specific, 5-year survival of patients (P=0.001 and 0.007, respectively). Multivariate Cox regression analyses indicated that JWA was an independent prognostic marker for melanoma patients. Moreover, we found a significant negative correlation between JWA and ILK in melanoma biopsies, and their concomitant expression was closely correlated with melanoma patient survival (P=0.004), further indicating the regulation of ILK expression by JWA is critical in melanoma. Taken together, our data highlight the function of JWA in melanoma angiogenesis and reveal the clinical prognostic value of JWA.
    Carcinogenesis 09/2013; DOI:10.1093/carcin/bgt318 · 5.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gene of DNA polymerase beta (polβ) plays an important role in base excision repair, DNA replication and translesion synthesis. This study aims to investigate the expression and prognostic significance of DNA polβ in esophageal cancer. DNA polβ expression was analyzed using real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and immunohistochemical staining on tissue samples from a consecutive series of 114 esophageal squamous carcinoma patients who underwent resections between 2002 and 2006. Polβ expression was investigated on its correlation to clinico-pathological factors and survival. RT-qPCR results showed higher expression of DNA polβ mRNA in tumor tissue than in its matched adjacent non-tumor tissue sample, different expression of DNA polβ mRNA was noticed with significance between tumors with and without lymph node metastasis. Immunohistochemistry staining results indicated the polβ strong-positive rate was 44.73% (51/114) in tumor tissue samples and 0.00% in matched adjacent non-tumor tissue samples, with significant difference. Kaplan-Meier survival curves revealed that high expression of polβ was associated with tumor metastasis and poor prognosis in esophageal cancer patients. Our data suggests that polβ plays an important role in tumor progression and that high polβ expression predicts an unfavorable prognosis in esophageal squamous carcinoma patients.
    Chinese Science Bulletin 09/2013; 58(26). DOI:10.1007/s11434-013-5956-2 · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Linzhou City in northern China has a high incidence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). This study retrospectively analyzed the data of 231 cases with ESCC collected from 1998 to 2012. Mutations of DNA polymerase β (polβ) gene in the ESCC samples from patients in Linzhou City were examined by amplifying polβ cDNA by RT-PCR followed by cloning and sequencing. Mutations in polβ were found in 105 cases (45.9 %). Nine types of mutations were identified in the polβ cDNA; the most common were 177-234 nt deletion (11.3 %), 462 nt G → T (9.1 %), and 648 nt G → C (6.9 %). Mutations in polβ appeared to be associated with TNM status (P = 0.048). Follow-up data was used for survival analysis. The overall 5-year survival rate of the 231 patients was 37.4 %; the rate for patients with wild-type (WT) polβ was 41.8 %. Compared with the WT polβ group, the median survival for patients with specific mutations (177-234 nt deletion, 462 nt G → T, or 613 nt A → T) was significantly shorter (all P = 0.000), and the 5-year survival rate decreased to 0 %. Patients with the 648 nt G → C mutation had improved survival (P = 0.000) with a 5-year survival rate of 100 %. Our results identified nine types of mutations within polβ cDNA in ESCC patients with four mutations related to patient survival.
    Tumor Biology 08/2013; DOI:10.1007/s13277-013-1077-4 · 2.84 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

191 Citations
204.46 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2015
    • Zhengzhou University
      Cheng, Henan Sheng, China
  • 2011–2012
    • University of Minnesota Duluth
      Duluth, Minnesota, United States