Shawn Ahmed

Creighton University, Omaha, NE, United States

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Publications (4)11.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Gastrin-17-Gly (G17-Gly) has been shown to bind to non-CCK nanomolar and micromolar affinity sites on DLD-1 and HT-29 human colonic carcinoma cells and to stimulate cellular proliferation. However, in previous studies, we showed that C-terminal truncation of the gastrin-17 (G17) to the G17 analog G17(1–12) and then to G17(1–6)-NH2 did not remove the ability to bind to DLD-1 cells or to activate proliferation. This implies that residues and/or structural motifs required for bioactivity at these receptors rest in the N-terminal region of G17. In this work, radioligand binding studies conducted with further C-terminally truncated analogs revealed that sequences as short as G17(1–4) still bind to a single receptor with micromolar affinity. Additionally, cell proliferation assays showed that G17(1–12) stimulates proliferation of DLD-1 cells, as of HT-29 cells, but the sequences shorter than G17(1–6)-NH2, including non-amidated G17(1–6), were incapable of stimulating proliferation. These observations indicate that the tetrapeptide pGlu-Gly-Pro-Trp is the minimum N-terminal sequence for binding to the probable growth-promoting site on DLD-1 cells. Since analogs shorter than G17(1–6) are able to bind the receptor, these peptides may be of use for developing selective antagonists.
    Peptides 01/2009; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous studies have shown that stimulation of proliferation of DLD-1 and HT29 human colonic cancer cells by nanomolar gastrin (G17) and carboxymethyl gastrin (G17Gly) and reversal of growth by micromolar G17 and G17Gly involves binding sites which can neither be CCK1 nor CCK2 receptors; the N terminal fragment, G17(1-12), is sufficient to increase the number of HT-29 cells by binding the higher affinity binding site but is without a suppressing effect through the lower affinity site. In this study with DLD-1 cells, competitive binding using 125I-G17(1-12) showed that G17(1-12) binds both high and low affinity sites, as do G17 and G17Gly. G17(1-6)-NH2, even without the central-to-C-terminal portion of G17, was still able to bind a single site and to promote a dose-dependent increase in cell number at nanomolar concentrations. The results indicate the presence of a non-CCK receptor on human colonic cancer cells which could mediate the tumor-promoting activity of the N-terminal-to-central portion of G17Gly which, unlike G17, is produced by such cells.
    Peptides 04/2007; 28(3):632-5. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: G17-Gly has been shown to stimulate the growth of DLD-1 human colon cancer cells in a biphasic manner via high and low affinity receptors. In the current study, the existence of heterogeneous receptor populations for G17-Gly on the HT-29 human colon cancer cell line was investigated. The effect of either N- or C-terminal peptide truncation on receptor binding and cell growth stimulation was also explored. [Leu15]G17-Gly bound to both high (nM) and low (microM) affinity sites on HT-29 cells. The peptide stimulated cell growth in a dose-dependent and biphasic manner with maximal stimulation at 10(-9) M peptide concentration, suggesting that, as in the case of DLD-1 cells, it is the high affinity receptor which is responsible for the growth-promoting effects. In contrast, G17(1-12) stimulated the growth of HT-29 cells in a sigmoidal fashion with an EC50 of 4.6x10(-9) M. Sequential N-terminal truncation of [Leu15]G17-Gly results in decreased binding to the high affinity G17-Gly receptor on DLD-1 cells. [Leu15]G17(11-17)Gly bound to the low affinity G17-Gly receptor with an affinity similar to that of the full sequence peptide but was unable to displace the radioligand from high affinity sites. G17(1-6)-NH2 was unable to displace [3H]G17-Gly from either site. These results suggest that the important residues for binding to the low affinity receptor are in the C-terminal region of the peptide while those required for interaction with the high affinity receptor lie further towards the N-terminus.
    Peptides 08/2005; 26(7):1207-12. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastrin (G17) and N-carboxymethylgastrin (G17-Gly) have been shown to stimulate the growth of colon cancer cells both in vivo and in vitro. The identity of the receptor mediating these effects is controversial. A recent study demonstrated the presence of a low affinity binding site for G17 and G17-Gly on the DLD-1 human colon cancer cell line. The goal of the current study was to further investigate the role of this receptor in mediating the growth-promoting effects of gastrin peptides. Binding of [Leu(15)]G17 and [Leu(15)]G17-Gly to DLD-1 cell membranes in competition with [(3)H]G17-Gly was examined. Binding of [(3)H]cholecystokinin-8 (CCK8) to DLD-1 cell membranes was also assessed. Whole cell binding experiments were carried out using [(125)I-Tyr(12),Leu(15)]G17-Gly. In addition, the ability of [Leu(15)]G17 and [Leu(15)]G17-Gly to stimulate cell growth, as determined by cell counting, was tested. [Leu(15)]G17 and [Leu(15)]G17-Gly competed with [(3)H]G17-Gly at both a high and a low affinity site on DLD-1 membranes. The IC(50) values for [Leu(15)]G17 were 6.0 x 10(-8) M and 6.9 x 10(-6) M while those for [Leu(15)]G17-Gly were 3.2 x 10(-9) M and 4.9 x 10(-6) M. [(3)H]CCK8 did not bind to either site. [Leu(15)]G17-Gly also competed with [(125)I-Tyr(12),Leu(15)]G17-Gly at both a high and a low affinity site on DLD-1 cells with similar affinities as observed with membranes. [Leu(15)]G17 and [Leu(15)]G17-Gly significantly stimulated the growth of DLD-1 cells in a dose-dependent and biphasic manner. The binding profiles of the peptides tested suggest that these sites are different from previously identified wild-type and mutant CCK(1) or CCK(2) receptors.
    FEBS Letters 02/2004; 556(1-3):199-203. · 3.58 Impact Factor