Futoshi Anan

Japan Red Cross Fukuoka Hospital, Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan

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Publications (50)164.01 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with cognitive dysfunction and hippocampus volume. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the level of the adipocytokine adiponectin correlates with hippocampus volume and insulin resistance in patients with type 2 DM. A total of 45 patients with type 2 DM were divided into two groups: a low adiponectin group and a normal adiponectin group. Hippocampus volume was measured by computer-assisted analysis using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) voxel-based specific regional analysis system developed for the study of Alzheimer's disease as the end point for assessment of hippocampus volume. Mean hippocampus volume was lower in the low adiponectin group than in the normal adiponectin group (P<.0001). Fasting serum concentrations of glucose (P<.05) and insulin (P<.0001), and homeostasis model assessment index (P<.0001), were all higher in the low adiponectin group than in the normal adiponectin group. Multiple regression analysis showed that hippocampus volume independently predicted serum adiponectin level. These results suggest that circulating levels of adiponectin are related to hippocampus volume in patients with type 2 DM.
    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 03/2012; 61(8):1197-200. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    Diabetes care 08/2011; 34(8):e132. · 7.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In patients with chronic renal failure undergoing haemodialysis (HD), silent cerebral infarctions (SCI) are associated with high mortality. Levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) increase with renal dysfunction and may be a novel predictor for cerebrovascular events. We tested the hypothesis that increased MCP-1 concentration correlate with the occurrence of SCI in HD patients. Using cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, 52 Japanese patients undergoing HD were divided into two groups: with SCI (61 ± 7 years, mean ± SD, n= 28) and without SCI (60 ± 6 years, n= 24). The gender, metabolic profiles and MCP-1 concentration were compared between the two groups. The level of MCP-1 was higher in the with-SCI group than in the without-SCI group (P < 0.0001). The proportion of smokers was higher in the with-SCI group (P < 0.05) than in the without-SCI group. Plasma level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was lower, while uric acid level was higher, in the with-SCI group (P < 0.05 and P < 0.05 respectively) compared to the without-SCI group. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified MCP-1 level as being significantly associated with the presence of SCI (odds ratio 1.48, 95% confidence interval = 1.10-5.75, P < 0.0001). This study indicates that patients with chronic renal failure who are maintained on HD exhibit an increased prevalence of SCI, and that MCP-1 is significantly associated with the presence of SCI in HD patients.
    Internal Medicine Journal 06/2011; 42(1):29-34. · 1.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The elevated level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (HSCRP) is associated with cognitive dysfunction, for which changes in the hippocampus plausibly play a pivotal role. We tested the hypothesis that an elevated level of HSCRP correlates with hippocampus volume and insulin resistance in nondementia patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Subjects included 45 nondementia patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, who were divided into 2 groups: high-HSCRP group (age, 65 ± 6 years [mean ± SD]; n = 17) and normal-HSCRP group (65 ± 7 years, n = 28). Hippocampus volume has been quantitated with computer-assisted analysis using a magnetic resonance imaging voxel-based specific regional analysis system developed for the study of Alzheimer disease (VSRAD), which yields a z score as the end point for assessment of hippocampal volume. The z score was higher in the high-HSCRP group than in the normal-HSCRP group (P < .0001). The fasting plasma glucose (P < .05) and insulin concentrations (P < .0001) and the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index (P < .0001) were higher in the high-HSCRP group than in the normal-HSCRP group. Multiple regression analysis showed that HSCRP levels were independently predicted by z score and HOMA index. Our results indicate that the elevated level of HSCRP in Japanese nondementia patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by increased hippocampus volume and insulin resistance, and that the z score and HOMA index are independent predictors of HSCRP.
    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 04/2011; 60(4):460-6. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    Diabetes care 03/2011; 34(3):e32. · 7.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Elevated total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) levels are associated with cognitive dysfunction, in which changes in the hippocampus plausibly play a pivotal role. We tested the hypothesis that elevated tHcy levels are correlated with hippocampus volume and insulin resistance in nondementia patients with type 2 diabetes. The study included 43 nondementia patients with type 2 diabetes, who were divided into two groups: a high tHcy group (age: 65 ± 8 years, mean ± standard deviation, n = 16) and a normal tHcy group (64 ± 9 years, n = 27). Hippocampus volume was quantified with a computer-assisted analysis using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) voxel-based specific regional analysis system developed for the study of Alzheimer's disease (VSRAD), which yields a Z-score as the end point for the assessment of hippocampal volume. Results  The Z-score was higher in the high tHcy group compared to the normal tHcy group (P < 0·0001). The fasting plasma glucose (P < 0·01) and insulin (P < 0·0001) concentrations and the homoeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index (P < 0·0001) were higher in the high tHcy group than in the normal tHcy group. Multiple regression analysis showed that the main factors that influenced tHcy levels may be the Z-score and the HOMA index. Our results indicate that the elevated levels of tHcy in Japanese nondementia patients with type 2 diabetes are characterised by hippocampal atrophy and insulin resistance and that the Z-score and HOMA index may be the primary factors that influence tHcy levels.
    European Journal of Clinical Investigation 01/2011; 41(7):751-8. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis (HD), silent cerebral infarctions (SCI) are associated with high mortality. Levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) increase with renal dysfunction and may be a novel predictor for cerebrovascular events. We tested the hypothesis that increased IL-6 levels correlate with the occurrence of SCI in HD patients. Using cranial magnetic resonance imaging findings, we divided 50 Japanese patients undergoing HD into two groups: with SCI (60 ± 7 years, mean ± SD, n = 27) and without SCI (60 ± 6 years, n = 23). We compared the gender, body mass index, metabolic profiles, IL-6 levels, and smoking habits between the two groups. We made the following observations: (i) The prevalence of diabetes or hypertension did not differ between the two groups, (ii) the level of IL-6 was higher in the with-SCI group than in the without-SCI group (P < 0.0001), (iii) the proportion of smokers was higher in the with-SCI group (P < 0.05), (iv) plasma level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was lower, whilst uric acid level was higher, in the with-SCI group (P < 0.05 and P < 0.05, respectively), and (v) multiple logistic regression analysis identified IL-6 levels as being significantly associated with the presence of SCI (odds ratio 3.13, 95% CI = 1.42-7.89, P < 0.0001). This study indicates that patients with chronic renal failure who are maintained on HD exhibit an increased prevalence of SCI and that IL-6 is significantly associated with the presence of SCI in HD patients.
    European Journal of Neurology 10/2010; 18(4):625-30. · 4.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of white matter lesions (WML) is an important prognostic factor for the development of stroke. Elevated hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) levels are associated with a high mortality rate in type 2 diabetic patients. The preliminary study was therefore designed to test the hypothesis that the presence of WML correlates with HGF and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic patients not receiving insulin treatment. Based on brain magnetic resonance imaging, 92 type 2 diabetic patients were divided into two groups: WML-positive group (age 60 +/- 5 years, mean +/- SD, n = 35) and WML-negative group (age 59 +/- 6 years, mean +/- SD, n = 57. The level of blood glucose was assessed by fasting plasma glucose, fasting immunoreactive insulin, homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index and haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). The body mass index was higher in the WML-positive group than that in the WML-negative group (P < 0.005). Plasma levels of triglycerides were higher while high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was lower in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group (P < 0.01 and P < 0.0001 respectively). Fasting plasma glucose (P < 0.0001), insulin concentrations (P < 0.0001), HOMA index (P < 0.0001) and HGF (< 0.0001) levels were higher in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that WML was independently predicted by the high HGF and insulin resistance (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.0001 respectively). The results of this preliminary study indicate that the presence of WML was associated with the high HGF and insulin resistance in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
    European Journal of Clinical Investigation 05/2010; 40(7):585-90. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy is a major complication in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). However, the relationship between cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy and the incidence of cardiovascular events has been poorly investigated in type 2 DM. The present study aimed to assess the long-term cardiovascular predictive value of baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in Japanese patients with type 2 DM without structural heart disease. BRS was evaluated using the phenylephrine method in 210 patients with type 2 DM who did not have structural heart disease or other severe complications. BRS was considered depressed if <6 ms/mmHg. Accurate follow-up information for 3-10 years (mean 4.7 years) was obtained in 184 patients (90 females, 94 males; mean age 58+/-12 years). The initial onset of a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) was investigated. During follow-up, 19 patients presented with a MACE (4 cardiovascular deaths, 3 nonfatal myocardial infarctions, 4 coronary revascularizations, 5 strokes, 2 congestive heart failures). Cox proportional hazards regression analysis revealed that depressed BRS was independently associated with the incidence of MACE (hazard ratio 1.93, 95% confidence interval 1.09-3.82, P=0.0236). Depressed BRS at baseline has long-term cardiovascular predictive value in Japanese patients with type 2 DM without structural heart disease.
    Circulation Journal 04/2010; 74(7):1379-83. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and increased of visceral fat accumulation (VFA) are associated with high mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. This preliminary study was therefore designed to test the hypothesis that DR is associated with insulin resistance and VFA in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients without insulin treatment. A total of 102 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients were divided into 2 groups: DR group (age, 60 +/- 6 years [mean +/- SD]; n = 31) and no diabetic retinopathy (NDR) group (59 +/- 5 years, n = 71). The level of blood glucose was assessed by fasting plasma glucose, fasting immunoreactive insulin, homeostasis model assessment index, and hemoglobin A(1c). The fat distribution was evaluated by measuring the VFA by abdominal computed tomography at the umbilical level. The body mass index and waist circumference were higher in the DR group than in the NDR group (P < .001 and P < .0005, respectively). Plasma levels of triglyceride were higher, whereas high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was lower, in the DR group than in the NDR group (P < .005 and P < .0001, respectively). Fasting plasma glucose (P < .0005), insulin concentrations (P < .0001), homeostasis model assessment index (P < .0001), and VFA (P < .0001) levels were higher in the DR group than in the NDR group. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that DR was independently predicted by high VFA and insulin resistance. The results of this preliminary study indicate that the presence of DR was associated with high VFA and insulin resistance in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 12/2009; 59(3):314-9. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of white matter lesions (WML) is an important prognostic factor for the development of stroke. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (HSCRP), which is associated with diabetes, has been flagged as a novel predictor for cerebrovascular events. This preliminary study was therefore designed to test the hypothesis that the presence of WML correlates with HSCRP and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic patients not receiving insulin treatment. Based on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, 102 type 2 diabetic patients were divided into two groups; a WML-positive group (59+/-6 years, mean+/-SD, n=40) and a WML-negative group (58+/-6 years, n=62). The level of blood glucose was assessed by fasting plasma glucose (FPG), fasting immunoreactive insulin (F-IRI), homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index, and Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). The body mass index was higher in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group (p<0.05). Plasma levels of triglycerides were higher while high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was lower in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group (p<0.01 and p<0.005, respectively). Fasting plasma glucose (p<0.005), insulin concentrations (p<0.0001), HOMA index (p<0.0001), and HSCRP (<0.0001) levels were higher in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that WML was independently predicted by the high HSCRP and insulin resistance (p<0.005, p<0.0005, respectively). The results of this preliminary study indicate that the presence of WML was associated with the high HSCRP and insulin resistance in these Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus; larger cohort studies are warranted to confirm these findings.
    Diabetes research and clinical practice 11/2009; 87(2):233-9. · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is associated with cognitive dysfunction, for which changes in the hippocampus plausibly play a pivotal role. We tested the hypothesis that an elevated level of visceral fat accumulation (VFA) correlates with hippocampus volume and insulin resistance in non-dementia patients with type 2 diabetes. Subjects included 48 non-dementia patients with type 2 diabetes, who were divided into two groups, high VFA group (mean+/-standard deviation: age=65+/-6 years, n=30) and normal VFA group (65+/-5 years, n=18). Hippocampus volume has been quantitated with computer-assisted analysis using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) voxel-based specific regional analysis system developed for the study of Alzheimer's disease (VSRAD), which yields a Z-score as the end point for assessment of hippocampal volume. The Z-score was higher in the high VFA group than in the normal VFA group (p<0.0001). The fasting plasma glucose (p<0.05) and insulin concentrations (p<0.0001) and the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index (p<0.0001) were higher in the high VFA group than in the normal VFA group. Multiple regression analysis showed that VFA levels were independently predicted by Z-score and HOMA index. Our results indicate that the elevated level of VFA in Japanese non-dementia patients with type 2 diabetes is characterized by increased hippocampus volume and insulin resistance, and that the Z-score and HOMA index are independent predictors of VFA.
    NeuroImage 09/2009; 49(1):57-62. · 6.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: White matter lesions (WMLs) and cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction are associated with high mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. This preliminary study was therefore designed to test the hypothesis that WML is associated with insulin resistance and cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients without insulin treatment. Based on brain magnetic resonance imaging findings, 55 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients were divided into 2 groups: a WML-positive group (59 +/- 5 years [mean +/- SD], n = 21) and a WML-negative group (58 +/- 6 years, n = 34). Cardiovascular autonomic function was assessed by baroreflex sensitivity, heart rate variability, plasma norepinephrine concentrations, and cardiac (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy. Baroreflex sensitivity was lower in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group (P < .01). Early and delayed (123)I-MIBG myocardial uptake values were lower (P < .005 and P < .001, respectively) and the percentage washout rate (WR) of (123)I-MIBG was higher (P < .0001) in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group. The fasting plasma glucose (P < .005) and insulin concentrations (P < .0001) and the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index values (P < .0001) were higher in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that HOMA index and percentage WR of (123)I-MIBG were associated with WML patients. Our results suggested that WML was associated with depressed cardiovascular autonomic function and insulin resistance and that HOMA index and the percentage WR of (123)I-MIBG were independent associations for WML in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 05/2009; 58(5):696-703. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of white matter lesions (WML) is an important prognostic factor for the development of stroke. The elevated visceral fat accumulation (VFA) has been reported to be closely related to the development of atherosclerosis. This preliminary study was therefore designed to test the hypothesis that the presence of WML correlates with VFA and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic patients not receiving insulin treatment. Based on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 95 type 2 diabetic patients were divided into two groups: WML-positive group (aged 59 +/- 7 years, mean +/- SD n = 37) and WML-negative group (aged 58 +/- 5, years, n = 58). The level of blood glucose was assessed by fasting plasma glucose (FPG), fasting immunoreactive insulin, homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index, and haemoglobin A1c. The fat distribution was evaluated by measuring the visceral fat accumulation by abdominal computerized tomography at the umbilical level. The body mass index was higher in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group (P < 0.005). Plasma levels of triglycerides were higher while high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was lower in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). FPG (P < 0.01), insulin concentrations (P < 0.0001), HOMA index (P < 0.0001) and VFA (<0.0001) levels were higher in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that WML was independently predicted by the high VFA and insulin resistance (P < 0.001, P < 0.0001, respectively). The results of this preliminary study indicate that the presence of WML was associated with the high VFA and insulin resistance in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Further larger cohort studies are warranted to confirm these findings.
    European Journal of Clinical Investigation 04/2009; 39(5):368-74. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) and cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction are associated with high mortality in type 2 diabetic patients. This preliminary study was therefore designed to test the hypothesis that DR is associated with insulin resistance and cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in type 2 diabetic patients without insulin treatment. Seventy persons were diagnosed to have type 2 diabetes in the examination from June 2004 to May 2006. The study group consisted of 29 type 2 diabetic patients with DR (age: 58+/-6 years, mean+/-s.d.) and 41 type 2 diabetic patients with no DR (NDR) (n=41, 58+/-5 years). Cardiovascular autonomic function was assessed by baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), heart rate variability, plasma norepinephrine concentration and cardiac (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphic findings. DR patients had lower BRS, early and delayed (123)I-MIBG myocardial uptake values and higher percent washout rate (WR) of (123)I-MIBG than the NDR patients. With respect to metabolic findings, DR patients had higher fasting plasma insulin concentration (P<0.0001) and higher homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index (P<0.00001) than the NDR patients. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the presence of DR was independently predicted by HOMA index and the percent WR of (123)I-MIBG (P<0.01 and P<0.05, respectively). Our results suggest that DR is associated with depressed cardiovascular autonomic function and insulin resistance and that HOMA index and the percent WR of (123)I-MIBG are independently associated with DR in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
    Hypertension Research 04/2009; 32(4):299-305. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Elevated hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) levels and cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction are associated with a high mortality rate in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We tested the hypothesis that elevated HGF is associated with insulin resistance and cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus not receiving insulin treatment. The study group consisted of 21 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with high HGF levels (>0.26 ng/mL, 58 +/- 5 years old, high-HGF group). The control group consisted of 25 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with normal HGF levels (<or=0.26 ng/mL, 58 +/- 9 years old, normal-HGF group). Cardiovascular autonomic function was assessed by baroreflex sensitivity, heart rate variability, plasma norepinephrine concentrations, and cardiac (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy. Early and delayed (123)I-MIBG myocardial uptake values were lower (P < .005 and P < .01, respectively) and the percentage of washout rate of (123)I-MIBG was higher (P < .001) in the high-HGF group than in the normal-HGF group. The fasting plasma insulin concentrations (P < .0001) and the homeostasis model assessment index values (P < .0001) were higher in the high-HGF group than in the normal-HGF group. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the level of HGF was independently predicted by the homeostasis model assessment index values and the myocardial uptake of (123)I-MIBG at the delayed phase. Our results demonstrate that high levels of HGF are associated with depressed cardiovascular autonomic function and insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 03/2009; 58(2):167-73. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of white matter lesions (WML) is an important prognostic factor for the development of stroke. Plasma total homocysteine (tHcy), which increases with diabetes, has been flagged as a novel predictor for cerebrovascular events. We tested the hypothesis that the presence of WML correlates with tHcy in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Based on brain magnetic resonance imaging findings, 65 rheumatoid arthritis patients were divided into 2 groups: WML-positive group (61 +/- 6 years, mean +/- SD; n = 25) and WML-negative group (60 +/- 7 years, n = 40). The level of metabolic parameters was assessed by total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting plasma glucose, and homocysteine (tHcy). The duration of rheumatoid arthritis was longer in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group (P < .05). Plasma levels of triglyceride was higher whereas high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was lower in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group (P < .05 and P < .01, respectively). Fasting plasma glucose (P < .05) and tHcy (<.0001) levels were higher in the WML-positive group than in the WML-negative group. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that WML was independently predicted by the tHcy (odds ratio, 1.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-1.63; P < .0001). Our findings indicate that the presence of WML was associated with the tHcy in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 02/2009; 58(1):69-73. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A number of experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated a cardioprotective effect of statins; however, the effect of atorvastatin on cardiac function in patients with an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has not been established. Thirty consecutive patients with an AMI (16 males and 14 females) were enrolled. All the patients underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention in the early phase after the onset of an AMI. Patients with a total cholesterol level > 200mg/dL on admission (n = 14) were assigned to the atorvastatin group. They began taking 10 mg of atorvastatin daily within 48 h after the onset of the AMI, while the other patients (n = 16) did not receive atorvastatin and served as the control group. Echocardiography and blood sampling to measure brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels were repeated on the 2nd day (2D), 3 weeks (3W), 12 weeks (12W), and 24 weeks (24W) after the onset of the AMI. The percentage of patients with a high BNP level (BNP > 20 pg/mL) was significantly decreased from 2D to 24W in the atorvastatin group, but not in the control group (100 to 57% in the atorvastatin group, p < 0.05; 100 to 80% in the control group, n.s.). Similar results also occurred with respect to the ANP level (ANP > 40 pg/mL) (62 to 21% in the atorvastatin group, p < 0.05; 57 to 40% in the control group, n.s.). The left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly higher in the atorvastatin group than the control group at 3W (66.0 ± 7.8% vs. 56.5 ± 11.8%, p < 0.05) and 24W (67.5 ± 9.2% vs. 59.7 ± 9.8%, p < 0.05). In the atorvastatin group, the left ventricular systolic diameter was significantly decreased at 24W compared with that at 2D (37.1 ± 8.0 mm to 31.4 ± 6.5 mm, p < 0.05). Initiation of atorvastatin in the early phase of an AMI has beneficial effects on cardiac function, probably by improving left ventricular remodeling.
    Journal of Cardiology 02/2009; 53(1):58-64. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The heart rate (HR) responses after performance of the squatting and standing manoeuvre are thought to be a useful tool to assess autonomic neuropathy in diabetics. Our aim was to develop new simple squatting test indices and to analyse their applicability to the assessment of baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in patients with diabetes. Twenty healthy volunteers (mean age 23.2 +/- 3.8 years) and 51 patients with diabetes (mean age 55.9 +/- 10.6 years) were enrolled in study 1 and study 2, respectively. Each subject stood for 3 min (basal period), then squatted down for 1 min (Sq) and stood up again for 1 min (St). In study 1, the squatting test was performed before and after pharmacological autonomic blockade. In study 2, we measured HR in each period and calculated the difference between basal HR and HRSq (DeltaHRSq) and between HRSt and HRSq (DeltaHRSt). BRS was also measured using the phenylephrine method in diabetic patients. In healthy individuals during autonomic blockade, HR changes were mainly controlled by the vagal tone during squatting and by the sympathetic tone during standing. In diabetic patients, DeltaHRSq and DeltaHRSt positively correlated (r = 0.86, P < 0.0001) and both DeltaHRSq and DeltaHRSt significantly correlated with BRS (r = 0.66, P < 0.0001 and r = 0.61, P < 0.0001, respectively). The new squatting test indices provide useful information for assessing autonomic neuropathy and for identifying diabetic patients at high risk of cardiovascular events.
    Diabetic Medicine 12/2008; 25(11):1309-15. · 3.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis (HD), silent cerebral infarctions (SCIs) are associated with high mortality. Levels of lipoprotein (a) (Lp[a]) increase with renal dysfunction and may be a novel predictor for cerebrovascular events. We tested the hypothesis that increased Lp(a) levels correlate with the occurrence of SCI in HD patients. Using cranial magnetic resonance imaging findings, we divided 62 Japanese patients undergoing HD into with-SCI group (61 +/- 7 years, mean +/- SD, n = 34) and without-SCI group (60 +/- 6 years, n = 28). We compared the sex, body mass index, metabolic profiles, Lp(a) levels, and smoking habits between the 2 groups. The following observations were noted: (1) The number of patients with diabetes or hypertension did not differ between the 2 groups. (2) The levels of Lp(a) were higher in the with-SCI group in comparison with the without-SCI group (P < .0001). (3) The proportion of smokers was higher in the with-SCI group than in the without-SCI group (P < .05). (4) Plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were lower, whereas uric acid was higher, in the with-SCI group than in the without-SCI group (P < .001 and P < .05, respectively). (5) Multiple logistic regression analysis identified Lp(a) levels as being significantly associated with the presence of SCI (odds ratio, 1.23; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-1.38; P < .0001). This study indicates that patients with chronic renal failure, who are maintained on HD, exhibit an increased prevalence of SCI and that Lp(a) is significantly associated with the presence of SCI in HD patients.
    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 11/2008; 57(10):1323-7. · 3.10 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

461 Citations
164.01 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2012
    • Japan Red Cross Fukuoka Hospital
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2003–2012
    • Oita University
      • • Faculty of Medicine
      • • Department of Cardiology
      • • Department of Laboratory Medicine
      Ōita-shi, Oita-ken, Japan
  • 2010
    • National Hospital Organization Beppu Medical Center
      Бэппу, Ōita, Japan