C Bianchini

University of Ferrara, Ferrare, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

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Publications (32)38.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Presbycusis and presbystasis represent relevant problems of aging, caused by the increase in life expectancy in developed countries. As such, it is advantageous to better understand the physiopathological mechanisms of these age-related inner ear diseases. The hypothesis that presbycusis and presbystasis have a genetic background was proposed some years ago. Several studies (in humans and animals) are available in the literature, and possible genes involved in the physiopathology of both diseases have been identified. The aim of this paper is to present an overview of the information available in the current medical literature on presbycusis and presbystasis. © The Author(s) 2015.
    International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology 03/2015; 28(1):29-35. DOI:10.1177/0394632015570819 · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A wide variety of symptoms and diseases of the upper aerodigestive tract are associated to gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). These disorders comprise a large variety of conditions such as asthma, chronic otitis media and sinusitis, chronic cough, and laryngeal disorders including paroxysmal laryngospasm. Laryngo-pharyngeal reflux disease is an extraoesophageal variant of GORD that can affect the larynx and pharynx. Despite numerous research efforts, the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux often remains elusive, unproven and controversial, and its treatment is then still empiric. Aim of this paper is to review the current literature on upper aerodigestive tract disorders in relation to pathologic gastro-oesophageal reflux, focusing in particular on the pathophysiology base and results of the surgical treatment of GORD.
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    ABSTRACT: Watt Eagle, firstly described the Elongated Stylohyoid Process Syndrome (ESPS), or Eagle Syndrome, in 1937. Since then, several authors have further studied this syndrome and some classifications have been proposed in relation to signs, symptoms and etiopathogenesis. Aim of this paper was to present the clinical features of a cohort of patients affected by Eagle syndrome that underwent surgical treatment. Retrospective study. A cohort of ten patients that underwent surgical intervention for Eagle syndrome from January 2000 to December 2012 has been selected. For each subject, medical history, clinical features, treatment and follow-up after surgery were evaluated. The surgical treatment resulted effective in 8 of 10 patients. Two patients are still complaining neck pain, although the discomfort has a lower grade and is pharmacologically controllable. Although rare, Eagle's Syndrome should be always considered in the differential diagnosis in patients with chronic orofacial pain refractory to conventional treatments.
    Minerva stomatologica 10/2014; 63(10):361-367.
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Carcinosarcoma is an extremely rare malignant neoplasm, with both a malignant epithelial and mesenchymal component, that rarely affects the larynx. Aim. Aim of this paper is to describe the case of a patient affected by a larynx carcinosarcoma treated by endoscopic horizontal partial laryngectomy with CO(2) laser and particularly discuss the histogenetic hypothesis as well as the possible treatment modalities of this rare lesion. Methods. Case report and literature review. Discussion and Conclusion. Still little is known about the biology of carcinosarcoma and there is still no consensus in the literature on the treatment of these tumors. Endoscopic horizontal partial laryngectomy could represent another treatment option in selected cases.
    07/2014; 2014:278640. DOI:10.1155/2014/278640
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article was to review the main aspects of pain and its prevalence among head and neck cancer patients, as well as to identify the presence of possible pain predictive factors. For an integrated presentation of this topic a Pubmed database systematic search for relevant published studies was performed. When considering the prevalence of pain in head and neck cancer patients the studies available in this field show great variations in relation to the number of patients included, surgical procedures performed, and established approaches to analgesia. Despite the recognized association between cancer and pain, insufficient attention is paid in the head and neck pain problem, and to date, only few studies in the literature address the diagnosis of head and neck pain or its management. Further efforts are necessary in order to understand the real dimension of this problem in head and neck cancer patients, and therefore to recognize pain predictive factors and/or pain genetic factors aiming (i) to identify those subjects most at risk for pain, and (ii) to tailor, in a near future, 'targeted' analgesic interventions.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 07/2014; 19(3):592-597. · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aetiopathogenetic mechanism of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is still unclear. Microvascular impairment is one of the possible reported causes of SSNHL; nonetheless, few studies in the literature have investigated the association between SSHNL and vascular disease and a cause-effect relationship still has to be demonstrated. Two cases of SSNHL are presented and the possible role of vascular disorders in the pathogenesis of this disease is discussed.
    06/2013; 11(2). DOI:10.3109/21695717.2013.791075
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    ABSTRACT: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs have recently been developed in order to reduce morbidity, improve recovery, and shorten hospital stays of surgical patients. Since the 1990s, ERAS programs have been successfully applied in many centres, especially in northern Europe and America, to perioperative management for colorectal surgery, vascular surgery, thoracic surgery, and then also to urological and gynaecologic surgery. Purpose of this paper is to evaluate and discuss the very recent introduction of ERAS programs also in head and neck surgery. Embase and Pubmed database searches were performed for relevant published studies. There are still no reports concerning the results of the application of ERAS protocols in the head and neck field. ERAS programs, however, could offer also to head and neck surgery patients an advantage in terms of fastening recovery, reducing hospital stay, and favouring early return to daily activities after hospital discharge. Therefore, the investigation of specific ERAS protocol in head and neck surgery patients should be encouraged.
    Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 04/2013; DOI:10.1007/s00405-013-2502-4 · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to report a series of selected primary skull base benign lesions midline located by transnasal endoscopic transsphenoidal approach. A retrospective review of 5 cases is presented: four cholesterol granuloma of the petruos apex and one of the clivus. All patients have been successfully treated via transnasal endoscopic transsphenoidal approach. The mean duration of follow-up was 27 months (range 12-50 months). No postoperative complication such as CSF leak, meningitis, or encephalocele and no signs of recurrence have been noticed. The transnasal route is a minimally invasive, safe, and efficient technique to approach the petrous apex and clivus for selected midline skull base lesions removal.
    Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 10/2012; 270(5). DOI:10.1007/s00405-012-2229-7 · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hearing loss is the most common sensory deficit in the elderly, and it is becoming a severe social and health problem. Especially in the elderly, hearing loss can impair the exchange of information, thus significantly impacting everyday life, causing loneliness, isolation, dependence, and frustration, as well as communication disorders. Due to the aging of the population in the developed world, presbycusis is a growing problem that has been reported to reduce quality of life (QoL). Progression of presbycusis cannot be remediated; therefore, optimal management of this condition not only requires early recognition and rehabilitation, but it also should include an evaluation of QoL status and its assessment.
    Clinical Interventions in Aging 06/2012; 7:159-63. DOI:10.2147/CIA.S26059 · 1.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although liposarcoma is a reasonably common soft tissue sarcoma in adults, its occurrence within the head and neck region is very rare. The following report presents the case of a giant dedifferentiated liposarcoma initially located in the temporal region and then extending to the entire right maxillofacial region. Clinical as well as histopathological features and therapeutic approaches of dedifferentiated liposarcoma are discussed, and a literature review is presented.
    Gerodontology 12/2011; 29(2):e1152-6. DOI:10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011.00455.x · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the possible role of immunonutrition in head and neck cancer patients. Malnutrition frequently occurs in head and neck oncological patients, due to mechanical obstruction, such as tumour induced cachexia, poor dietary habits, as well as excessive alcohol consumption. These defects combined with the immune suppressive effects of surgery have been claimed to contribute in increasing the postoperative complications rate, such as poor wound healing and higher incidence of infections. Immunonutrition has been proposed to provide specific benefits to the immune system; several clinical trials, also in head and neck cancer patients, are already present in the literature, even if methodological differences impede comparisons and firm conclusions so far. Nutritional oncology is a new and interesting field and requires the use of standardised intervention protocols in order to evaluate its clinical efficacy.
    Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 08/2011; 269(1):5-8. DOI:10.1007/s00405-011-1725-5 · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the effect of age and noise on high frequency hearing thresholds in an Italian population aged 70 years and older, in order to investigate the interaction between presbycusis and noise exposure. We compared 460 subjects: 367 affected by presbycusis alone (204 women and 163 men) and 93 affected by presbycusis and noise exposure (eight women and 85 men). Pure tone average hearing thresholds, for each ear, were compared between groups, and between sexes and ages within groups. A slight threshold difference was found between the two groups at 4 kHz. After adjusting for age and gender, this difference was found to be related only to differing patient age. Men's and women's thresholds differed significantly in both groups, especially at high frequencies, at which threshold deterioration was worse in men than women. The threshold differences between patients with presbycusis with and without noise exposure were limited. Larger studies are needed to assess the relative effects of ageing and noise exposure on hearing thresholds.
    The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 08/2011; 125(8):776-80. DOI:10.1017/S0022215111001101 · 0.70 Impact Factor
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    Brazilian journal of otorhinolaryngology 06/2011; 77(3):402. DOI:10.1590/S1808-86942011000300022 · 0.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteomas as well as exostoses of the internal auditory canal are rare, benign, usually slow-growing lesions. The most common localizations of these temporal bone lesions are the mastoid cortex and the external auditory canal. A rare case is reported of bilateral osseous stenosis of the internal auditory canal, in the absence of clinical (auditory, vestibular and facial nerve) symptoms. In the absence of auditory, vestibular and/or facial nerve symptoms, long-term follow-up should be assessed; surgical intervention may be warranted only if symptoms are present.
    Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica: organo ufficiale della Società italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale 06/2011; 31(3):177-80. · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The research addressed to detect new molecular targets in the development of therapeutic strategies aimed to repair bone tissues. The AIM OF THIS STUDY was to determine the potential osteogenic activity of bone cells from the nasal septum and their use to perform accurate molecular analysis from a single sample. The cells, after nasal septum surgery, were subjected to gene silencing, Reverse Transcriptase - Polymerase Chain reactions, immunocytochemistry and chromatin immunoprecipitation. Cells from the nasal septum can give rise to mature osteoblasts that express osteogenic markers (ALP, Runx2, Slug) and are able to mineralize. We demonstrated that Runx2, a transcription factor critical in early osteospecific differentiation, interacts in vivo with the promoter of the SLUG gene, a marker of osteoblast maturation. We demonstrated that nasal septum-derived osteoblasts represent an interesting alternative source for bone forming cells, and a promising material to be utilized in bone cellular therapy.
    Rhinology 06/2011; 49(2):148-54. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case of subcutaneous sarcoidosis involving the paralateral nasal region is described and a brief review of the literature is made. Subcutaneous sarcoidosis without systemic disease is a rare entity and has seldom been reported on the trunk and face. Diagnosis is always difficult as it can only be confirmed by histological studies.
    Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica: organo ufficiale della Società italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale 04/2011; 31(2):118-20. · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) represents an acute inner ear disorder with an overall incidence of 5-20/100000 individuals per year in western countries. No clear causes for this disease have been found so far, but cochlear ischemia has been hypothesized as one of the etiopathological mechanisms. The aim of our study was to assess the role of diabetes and traditional cardiovascular risk factors in the pathogenesis of ISSNHL. Case-control study of 141 patients (75 males/66 females) matched for age and gender. Cases were affected by ISSNHL, defined as a sudden hearing loss > or =30 dB, within 3 frequencies, developing over 72 h. The control group was composed of 271 sex- and age-matched subjects (142 males/129 females) who agreed to participate in this observational study and provided blood samples for laboratory investigations. Cardiovascular risk factors examined were: diabetes mellitus, smoking history, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and hypertension. On the univariate analysis, diabetes prevalence was higher in the ISSNHL group (15.6%) compared to controls (8.5%) (p = 0.03). Also hypercholesterolemia was significantly more frequent in the ISSNHL group compared to the control population. There were no statistically significant differences between the 2 populations concerning other cardiovascular risk factors. The risk of ISSNHL tended to increase as the number of cardiovascular risk factors increased (p for linear trend = 0.018). Our findings suggest that diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia and a high burden of cardiovascular risk factors are associated with the risk of ISSNHL.
    Audiology and Neurotology 08/2009; 15(2):111-5. DOI:10.1159/000231636 · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to characterize the audiological consequences of congenital cytomegalovirus infection (CMV) and to evaluate the outcome of rehabilitation with hearing aids and/or cochlear implant (CI), associated with an adequate speech-language therapy. A retrospective review of data was made from a total of 16 infants, affected by severe to profound hearing loss from congenital CMV infection, referred to a tertiary audiological center for rehabilitation. Audiological evaluation was performed using behavioral audiometry, auditory brainstem responses (ABR) and/or electrocochleography (ECochG). Of the 16 children (median age at diagnosis of hearing loss: 21.33 +/- 0.7 months) with CMV hearing loss, 14 were affected by profound bilateral hearing loss and received a CI, while 2 were affected by bilateral severe hearing loss and received hearing aids. Cochlear implants can provide useful speech comprehension to patients with CMV-related deafness, even if language development is lower when compared to a group of Connexin (Cx) 26+ cochlear-implanted children (eight subjects), matched for age. Congenital CMV infection still represents a serious clinical condition, as well as an important cause of hearing loss in children. More studies have claimed to identify the pathophysiological mechanisms of damage and thus to ensure a better therapeutic approach. Nonetheless, in cases of CMV-deafened babies, the overall outcome of cochlear implantation is good.
    Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 04/2009; 266(10):1539-46. DOI:10.1007/s00405-009-0944-5 · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background.True malignant mixed tumor, also known as carcinosarcoma, is a salivary gland type malignant neoplasm, which is extremely rare, and only a few cases arising in the larynx have been previously reported.Methods and Results.We report a case of true malignant mixed tumor arising in the larynx of a 65-year-old woman successfully treated with surgery. Histologically, the neoplasm was composed of variably mixed, neoplastic glandular, spindle, and chondroid tissues. Immunohistochemical analyses showed a peculiar expression of myoepithelial markers such as p63 and calponin in the glandular epithelial component, whereas malignant spindle cell proliferation was immunoreactive for calponin and actin.Conclusion.These results strengthen the hypothesis that these neoplasms may develop from a divergent differentiation of a totipotent, myoepithelial precursor cell. Despite the unfavorable prognosis that has always been described for these neoplasms, the patient is alive with no evidence of recurrences 5 years after surgery. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2009
    Head & Neck 04/2009; 31(4):556 - 560. DOI:10.1002/hed.20939 · 3.01 Impact Factor