Tracey J Guthrie

Washington University in St. Louis, San Luis, Missouri, United States

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Publications (79)257.18 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background and Aim of the StudyWe studied patients presenting for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with significant left main coronary artery disease (LMD) despite previously documented minimal or no LMD at percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for left-sided branch coronary artery disease.Methods Patients undergoing CABG for LMD with previous PCI were separated into fast or slow stenosis progression using percent change in LMD from first PCI to CABG divided by time (progression velocity). Outcomes and Kaplan–Meier survival were compared between the two groups.ResultsBetween September 1997 and June 2010, 4837 patients underwent CABG with 1235 of them having previous PCI of which 118 had LMD and previous left-sided branch PCI. Using median progression velocity fast and slow progression groups were identified (0.53 ± 0.18 and 4.5 ± 4.8%/month, p < 0.001). Mean follow-up was 4.9 ± 3.6 years and 6.9 ± 3.9 years, respectively. Fast progression patients were younger (p = 0.042), with higher baseline LMD at PCI (16.4% vs. 9% stenosis, p = 0.025), and a mean of 2.5 years to LMD compared to 10.6 years for the slow group (p < 0.001). There was no difference between the groups in number or type of PCI and number or type of vessel intervened. Kaplan–Meier survival was similar at one, three, and five years.Conclusions Fast LMD progression patients were younger and made up 4.7% (59/1235) of patients undergoing CABG with a history of PCI. Rapid progression was not related to number, type of PCI, or branch vessel intervened.
    Journal of Cardiac Surgery 10/2014; · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of surgery in addition to chemotherapy and radiation for stage IIIA non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. Because there are limited data on the benefit from surgery in this setting, we evaluated the use of combined modality therapy nationally and explored the outcomes with and without the addition of surgery. Patient variables and treatment-related outcomes were abstracted for patients with clinical stage IIIA NSCLC from the National Cancer Database. Patients receiving chemotherapy and radiation were compared with those undergoing chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery (CRS) in any sequence. Between 1998 and 2010, 61,339 patients underwent combined modality treatment for clinical stage IIIA NSCLC. Of these, 51,979 (84.7%) received chemotherapy and radiation while 9360 (15.3%) underwent CRS. Patients in the CRS group were younger, more likely female patients and Caucasians, and had smaller tumors and lower Charlson comorbidity scores. The 30-day surgical mortality was 200 of 8993 (2.2%). The median overall survival favored the CRS group in both unmatched (32.4 months versus 15.7 months, p < 0.001) and matched analysis based on patient characteristics (34.3 versus 18.4 months, p < 0.001). There is significant heterogeneity in the treatment of stage IIIA NSCLC in the United States. Patients selected for surgery in addition to chemoradiation therapy seem to have better long-term survival.
    Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 05/2014; 9(5):612-21. · 4.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: More than 50% of atrial fibrillation surgery occurs in the setting of mitral valve surgery. Despite this, no risk models have been validated for concomitant arrhythmia surgery. The purpose of the present study was to quantify the additional risk of performing the Cox-maze IV procedure for patients undergoing mitral valve surgery. From January 2002 to June 2011, 213 patients with mitral valve disease and preoperative atrial fibrillation underwent mitral valve surgery only (n = 109) or in conjunction with a Cox-maze IV procedure (n = 104). The operative mortality for the mitral valve procedure alone was predicted for each group using the Society of Thoracic Surgeons perioperative risk calculator. The risk attributed to the added Cox-maze IV procedure was calculated by comparing the predicted mortality rate of an isolated mitral valve procedure and the actual mortality rate of mitral valve surgery with a concomitant Cox-maze IV procedure. For patients not undergoing a Cox-maze IV procedure, the predicted and actual postoperative mortality rate was 5.5% and 4.6% (5 of 109), respectively. For patients receiving mitral valve surgery and a concomitant Cox-maze IV, the predicted and actual postoperative mortality of the mitral valve procedure was 2.5% and 2.9% (3 of 104), respectively, and not significantly different. Patients not offered a Cox-maze IV procedure had significantly more serious comorbidities. For patients with atrial fibrillation and mitral valve disease undergoing mitral valve surgery, the decision to offer a concomitant Cox-maze IV procedure will be influenced by the underlying comorbid conditions. Nonetheless, in selected lower risk patients, the addition of a Cox-maze IV procedure did not significantly affect the procedural mortality.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 08/2013; · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The radial artery is often used as the second arterial graft for coronary artery bypass grafting. Little is known about the differences in long-term patency between radial free and T grafts. This study was performed to determine long-term radial artery patency over a 15-year period. Radial arteries were used as free grafts or T grafts for coronary artery bypass grafting over a 15-year period. Patients were contacted to determine if postoperative cardiac catheterization was performed and examination of any reports and films was performed. Grafts were graded as patent, luminal irregularity, or occluded. Each sequential graft was counted separately. Between September 1993 and December 2008, 13 926 patients underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting and 3248 patients had at least one radial artery graft used as a conduit. Catheterizations were performed at a mean of 7.4±3.8 years (range, 3 days to 14.4 years) on 372 radial artery grafts (103 free and 269 T) in 215 patients. Kaplan-Meier freedom from occlusion for radial free and T grafts at 1 and 10 years was 97.1% and 75.4% and 99.6% and 62.9%, respectively (P=0.146 free versus T). Kaplan-Meier survival to 15 years was not statistically different between free and T graft patients (P=0.5). In 215 patients with postoperative catheterization after coronary artery bypass grafting with a radial artery graft, radial free and T grafts had similar and acceptable long-term patency to support their use as a coronary artery bypass graft conduit.
    Circulation 09/2012; 126(11 Suppl 1):S140-4. · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The Heart Rhythm Society, European Heart Rhythm Association, and European Cardiac Arrhythmia Society jointly recommend indefinite warfarin anticoagulation in patients with CHADS(2) (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age, diabetes, and stroke) score of at least 2 who have undergone ablation for atrial fibrillation. This study determined the impact of CHADS(2) score on risk of late stroke or transient ischemic attack after the performance of a surgical Cox maze procedure. METHODS: A retrospective review of 433 patients who underwent a Cox maze procedure at our institution was conducted. Three months after surgery, warfarin was discontinued regardless of CHADS(2) score if the patient showed no evidence of atrial fibrillation, was off antiarrhythmic medications, and had no other indication for anticoagulation. A follow-up questionnaire was used to determine whether any neurologic event had occurred since surgery. RESULTS: Follow-up was obtained for 90% of the study group (389/433) at a mean of 6.6 ± 5.0 years. Among these patients, 32% (125/389) had a CHADS(2) score of at least 2, of whom only 40% (51/125) remained on long-term warfarin after surgery. Six patients had late neurologic events (annualized risk of 0.2%). Neither CHADS(2) score nor warfarin anticoagulation was significantly associated with the occurrence of late neurologic events. Among the individual CHADS(2) criteria, both diabetes mellitus and previous stroke or transient ischemic attack were predictive of late neurologic events. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of stroke or transient ischemic attack in patients after a surgical Cox maze procedure was low and not associated with CHADS(2) score or warfarin use. Given the known risks of warfarin, we recommend discontinuation of anticoagulation 3 months after the procedure if the patient has no evidence of atrial fibrillation, has discontinued antiarrhythmic medications, and is without any other indication for systemic anticoagulation.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 07/2012; · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Heart transplantation is the only viable treatment for children with end-stage heart failure due to congenital heart disease (CHD) or cardiomyopathy. This study reviewed the trends in the indications for transplant and survival after transplant during the past 24 years. A retrospective review was performed of the 307 heart transplants performed at our center since 1986. To analyze the trends in the indications for transplant as well as operative death and late-survival, the data were divided into three periods in 8-year increments: 1986 to 1993 (50 patients), 1994 to 2001 (116 patients), and 2002 to 2009 (141 patients). The indications for transplantation were 39% cardiomyopathy, 57% CHD, and 4% retransplant. Of the 173 with CHD, 139 (80%) had single-ventricle (SV) anomalies. In the CHD group, transplantation for failed SV palliation, including Fontan procedure, became the predominant indication in the last 8-year interval of our program. Survival after transplant was the best in patients with cardiomyopathy and the worst in patients with failed palliations for SV anomalies, including failed Fontan procedures. Transplantation for heart failure related to failed SV palliation has become the most common indication for patients with CHD. The high-risk nature of these transplants will have significant implications for heart transplant programs as more infants with SV anomalies survive palliative procedures performed during infancy.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 05/2012; 94(3):807-15; discussion 815-6. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study compared Cox-Maze IV (CMIV) outcomes for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with lone AF vs those with AF and mitral valve (MV) disease. Since 2002, 200 patients have undergone a CMIV procedure for lone AF (n=101) or concomitantly with MV operations (n=99). Preoperative, perioperative, and late outcomes between these groups were compared. Data were collected prospectively and reported at 3, 6, and 12 months. Lone AF patients had AF of longer duration; patients with AF and MV disease were older, with larger left atria and worse New York Heart Association classification (p<0.05). Operative mortality (1% vs 4%, p>0.05, respectively) was similar between both groups. Perioperative atrial tachyarrhythmias were more prevalent in patients with concomitant MV operations (57% vs 41%, p=0.03); however, freedom from AF and antiarrhythmics was similar for both groups at 12 months (76% and 77%). The only predictor for atrial tachyarrhythmia recurrence or arrhythmic drug dependence was failure to isolate the posterior left atrium (p<0.01). Patients with AF and MV disease have distinct comorbidities compared with patients with lone AF. However, the CMIV is safe and effective in both groups and should be considered for patients with AF undergoing MV operations. Patients with MV disease had more atrial tachyarrhythmias at 3 months, but freedom from AF and antiarrhythmics was similar to patients with lone AF at 1 year. The posterior left atrium should be isolated in every patient, because this was the only predictor for failure of the CMIV for either group.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 03/2012; 93(3):789-94; discussion 794-5. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Airway complications are a source of morbidity and expense after lung transplant. Posttransplant stenosis can occur when the donor bronchus is rendered ischemic and is dependent upon collateral flow from the pulmonary capillary system. By shortening the donor bronchus, the tissue at risk for ischemia is reduced. In an effort to reduce airway complications, one surgeon at our institution began dividing the donor bronchus at the lobar carina. This is a retrospective analysis of all transplanted patients over the 2-year period before and after the institution of the technique change. To adjust for covariates, we performed a propensity score analysis. Outcome endpoints were postoperative airway complications, specifically, the need for therapeutic bronchoscopy, dilation, stenting, or retransplant. After instituting the practice of dividing the bronchus at the lobar carina, the incidence of airway complication for the principle surgeon decreased from 13.2% (7 of 53) to 2.1% (1 of 48), resulting in an improved freedom from airway complication for that surgeon. Compared with all transplants performed during this period, the modified anastomosis resulted in fewer airway complications: 2.1% (1 of 48) versus 8.2% (19 of 231). The propensity analysis matched the 48 patients who received the modified anastomosis with 48 patients who received the standard two ring length anastomosis by surgical colleagues. The modified anastomosis group had fewer required interventions for airway complications and had significantly better freedom from airway complication when followed over time. Decreasing the amount of potentially ischemic tissue implanted from the donor bronchus can reduce posttransplant airway complications.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 07/2011; 92(1):316-20; discussion 320-1. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nasogastric tubes (NG) are commonly used for maintaining conduit decompression after esophagectomy. We investigated the use of retrograde tube gastrostomy (RG) after esophagectomy. Patients underwent either NG or RG placement for postoperative conduit decompression. Both tubes were maintained on low continuous suction. Between 2000 and 2008, 306 patients underwent esophagectomy with reconstruction. One hundred ninety-three patients underwent NG and 113 underwent RG placement. The 2 groups were comparable in age, gender, tumor stage, and smoking status. Patients in the NG group were more likely to have received neoadjuvant therapy and to have a thoracotomy for esophagectomy. The incidence of respiratory complications was lower in the retrograde group compared with the NG group: Pneumonia, 9 of 113(8.0%) vs 50 of 193 (25.9%), p<0.001; respiratory failure requiring bronchoscopy or reintubation, 12 of 113 (10.8%) vs 46 of 193 (23.8%), p=0.004; aspiration, 4 of 113 (3.5%) vs 20 of 193 (10.4%), p=0.045. The incidence of cardiac dysrhythmias was also lower in the retrograde group (18 of 113 [15.9%] vs 69 of 193 [35.8%], p<0.001). The incidence of wound complications, myocardial infarction, stroke, and conduit necrosis-anastomotic leak was similar between groups. In a multivariate regression model an NG tube was the strongest predictor for postoperative pneumonia (odds ratio 3.27, 95% confidence interval 1.50 to 7.12). The other predictors were prior chest surgery, smoking, and thoracotomy incision. There were 4 minor complications related to the retrograde tube (wound infection n=1, broken tube requiring endoscopy n=2, tube caught in anastomosis detected intraoperatively n=1). Retrograde gastrostomy decompression of the conduit after esophagectomy is effective and diminishes complications compared with NG tube drainage.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 06/2011; 92(2):499-503. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. The outcome of patients undergoing a single-lung transplant in the setting of an aborted bilateral lung transplant is unclear. Methods. A retrospective review of single lung transplants at an institutional program. Results. Of the 543 lung transplants performed over the last 10 years, 31 (5.7%) were single-lung transplants. Nineteen of 31 (61%) were planned single-lung transplants, while 12/31 (39%) were intraoperatively aborted, double lung transplants converted to single-lung transplants. The aborted and planned groups were similar in age, lung allocation score and NYHA status. The reasons for aborted double lung transplantation were cardiac/hemodynamic instability 4/12 (33%), difficult pneumonectomy 3/12 (25%), size mismatch 4/12(33%), and technical issues 1/12 (8%). The aborted group had higher CPB utilization (5/12 versus 1/19, P = .02), similar ischemic times (260 versus 234 min) and similar incidence of grade 3 primary graft dysfunction (6/12 versus 3/19, P = .13). ECMO was required for graft dysfunction in 2 patients in the aborted group. The one and two-year survival was 84% and 79% in the planned group and 62% and 52% in the aborted group, respectively. Conclusions. Patients undergoing single-lung transplantation in the setting of an aborted bilateral lung transplant may be at a higher risk of worse outcomes.
    Journal of Transplantation 01/2011; 2011:535649.
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    ABSTRACT: Lung transplantation has become accepted therapy for end-stage pulmonary disease. The objective of this study was to review a single-institution experience of adult lung transplants. We reviewed 1000 adult lung transplants that were performed at Washington University between July 1988 and January 2009. Transplants were performed for emphysema (52%), cystic fibrosis (18.2%), pulmonary fibrosis (16.1%), and pulmonary vascular disease (7.2%). Overall recipient age was 48 ± 13 years with an increase from 43 ± 12 years (July 1988-November 1993) to 50 ± 14 years (June 2005-January 2009). Overall incidence of primary graft dysfunction was 22.1%. Hospital mortality was higher for patients who had primary graft dysfunction (primary graft dysfunction, 13.6%; no primary graft dysfunction, 4%; P < .001). Freedom from bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome was 84% at 1 year, 38.2% at 5 years, and 12.2% at 10 years. Survival at 1, 5, 10, and 15 years was 84%, 56.4%, 32.2%, and 17.8%, respectively. Five-year survival improved from 49.6% (July 1988-November 1993) to 62.1% (October 2001-June 2005). Primary graft dysfunction was associated with lower survival at 1, 5, and 10 years (primary graft dysfunction: 72.8%, 43.9%, and 18.7%, respectively; no primary graft dysfunction: 87.1%, 59.8%, and 35.7%, respectively, P < .001) and lower rates of freedom from bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (primary graft dysfunction: 78%, 27.5%, and 8.5%, respectively; no primary graft dysfunction: 85.4%, 40.7%, and 13.1%, respectively, P = .007). Five-year survival has improved over the study period, but long-term outcomes are limited by bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome. Primary graft dysfunction is associated with higher rates of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome and impaired short- and long-term survival. A better understanding of primary graft dysfunction and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome is critical to improve outcomes.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 01/2011; 141(1):215-22. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Radial artery harvesting has been questioned because of purported long-term circulatory consequences. Previous midterm Doppler ultrasonographic results are inconsistent regarding ulnar arterial effects. Flow-mediated vasodilatation more sensitively measures response to shear stress as index of arterial reactivity and function. We contacted 231 patients who had undergone radial artery harvesting at least 10 years previously (mean follow-up, 12.9 ± 0.8 years). Subcohort of 25 volunteers (mean age, 69.2 ± 8.4 years) underwent ultrasonographic evaluation of ipsilateral (harvest) and contralateral (control) ulnar arteries. Flow-mediated vasodilatation compared changes in ulnar arterial diameters before and after occlusion. In subcohort, peak systolic velocity of harvest ulnar artery was 0.82 ± 0.15 m/s, versus 0.63 ± 0.23 m/s on control side (P < .001), with no differences in intimomedial thickness (P = .763) or presence of atherosclerotic plaques (P = .364). Baseline diameter of harvest ulnar artery was 3.0 ± 0.5 mm, versus 2.7 ± 0.6 mm on control side (P = .007). Postocclusion diameter of harvest ulnar artery was 3.2 ± 0.5 mm, versus 2.9 ± 0.6 mm on control side (P = .001). No differences were seen in preocclusion and postocclusion absolute and percentage changes in ulnar arterial diameter (Table 1). Despite increased shear stress, no deterioration in either ulnar arterial structure or functional reactivity was measured by flow-mediated vasodilatation more than 10 years after radial artery harvesting. With appropriate preoperative evaluation, radial arterial grafting for coronary artery bypass grafting is not associated with long-term donor limb vascular insufficiency.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 12/2010; 142(2):298-301. · 3.41 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 02/2010; 29(2). · 5.11 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 02/2010; 29(2). · 5.11 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - J HEART LUNG TRANSPLANT. 01/2010; 29(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Lung donation after cardiac death (DCD) can enlarge the donor pool. Single-center reports have shown comparable outcomes after lung transplantation using conventional donors versus DCD in small numbers of patients. We performed a retrospective review of DCD experience at a single lung transplant program using a prospective database. Between January 2003 and April 2008, 293 lung transplantations were performed, including 11 bilateral transplantations (3.7%) using DCD lungs. Similar criteria were used to assess donor quality. The hospital mortality for DCD recipients was 2 of 11 (18%) and overall mortality was 4 of 11 (36%) by 18 months of follow-up. Seven DCD patients (64%) are alive with a median follow-up of 32 months. The DCD group was comparable to the control group in age and ischemic times. The 4 deaths, when compared with 7 DCD survivors, had longer ischemic time (293 minutes versus 232 minutes) and a higher incidence of nonlocal donors (3 of 4 versus 1 of 7). At our center, early outcomes after DCD lung transplantations are somewhat inferior to those of series from other centers but approach national averages for conventional lung transplantation. Thus, DCD lung transplantation has the potential to increase the donor pool but must be offered cautiously.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 11/2009; 88(5):1609-14; discussion 1614-5. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare operative mortality and long-term outcome of patients undergoing tricuspid valve replacement versus tricuspid valve repair. From February 1986 to July 2006, 315 patients underwent tricuspid valve surgery including 93 replacements (72 biologic, 21 mechanical) and 222 repairs. To control for selection bias and varying comorbidities, a matched cohort of patients undergoing repair versus replacement was selected using propensity score analysis (68 patients in each group). In the propensity-matched cohorts, operative mortality was similar for tricuspid valve replacement (13% +/- 4%) and repair (18% +/- 5%; p = 0.64). Intensive care unit length of stay was similar between cohorts (replacement, 4 days; repair, 3 days; p = 0.45), but the replacements had a significantly longer hospital lengths of stay (9 days versus 6 days; p = 0.01). In the replacement cohort, survival was 85% at 1 year, 79% at 5 years, and 49% at 10 years. In the repair cohort, survival rates were similar with 80% at 1 year, 72% at 5 years, and 66% at 10 years (p = 0.66 versus replacement). Surgical treatment of tricuspid valve disease, regardless of the operative approach, is associated with significant early and late mortality. However, there is no difference favoring tricuspid valve repair over replacement. Thus, we should not hesitate to consider tricuspid valve replacement for patients in whom we believe there is a reasonable chance for recurrence of regurgitation after repair.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 02/2009; 87(1):83-8; discussion 88-9. · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 02/2009; 28(2). · 5.11 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 02/2009; 28(2). · 5.11 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - J HEART LUNG TRANSPLANT. 01/2009; 28(2).

Publication Stats

2k Citations
257.18 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000–2014
    • Washington University in St. Louis
      • • Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Medicine
      San Luis, Missouri, United States
  • 1999–2012
    • University of Washington Seattle
      • • Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
      • • Department of Surgery
      Seattle, WA, United States
    • Barnes Jewish Hospital
      San Luis, Missouri, United States
  • 2011
    • University of Louisville
      • Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
      Louisville, KY, United States
  • 2005
    • University of Iowa
      • Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
      Iowa City, IA, United States