F Autschbach

Frankfurt Diakonia Clinics, Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany

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Publications (151)664.23 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Noncompaction myocardium is a rare disorder assumed to occur as an arrest of the compaction process during the normal development of the heart. Left ventricular noncompaction has been reported to be associated with a variety of cardiac and extracardiac, especially neuromuscular abnormalities. Moreover, it has been suggested that metabolic alterations could be responsible for the noncompaction. However, no association of noncompaction myocardium with type Ib glycogen storage disease (GSD) has been reported so far. Type Ib GSD is due to a defect of a transmembrane protein which results, similar to type Ia GSD, in hypoglycemia, a markedly enlarged liver and, additionally, in neutropenia, recurrent infections, and inflammatory bowel disease. Until now, no muscular or cardiac involvement has been described in type Ib GSD patients. The present case represents the first report of a noncompaction myocardium in a child with type Ib GSD who died of sudden clinical deterioration at the age of four.
    Pathology - Research and Practice 07/2012; 208(10):620-2. · 1.21 Impact Factor
  • 01/2012: pages 97-110; , ISBN: 9783540788447
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    ABSTRACT: A defective innate immune response may contribute to the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Employing a global gene expression analysis, this study was aimed at identifying specifically regulated genes within the epithelial compartment in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The epithelial fraction of human ileal mucosa samples from surgical specimens was obtained by laser microdissection. Gene expression was examined by global expression profiling (n = 18, Affymetrix), quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) (n = 35), immunoblot analysis (n = 9), and immunohistochemistry (n = 25). Global expression profiling revealed a pronounced downregulation of the retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) within the epithelial layer of the ileum in patients with CD but not with UC. The downregulation of RIG-I was confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR, immunoblot analysis, and immunohistochemistry. Epithelial downregulation of RIG-I, a known pattern recognition receptor for viral components, might contribute to alterations of the innate mucosal immune response, particularly in CD.
    Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 09/2011; 17(9):1943-54. · 5.12 Impact Factor
  • Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie 08/2011; 49(9):1276-341. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is increasing evidence that a defect of the gastrointestinal mucosal barrier is important for the development of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). The hydrophobicity of the colonic mucosal surface is a measure of its resistance to luminal antigens, e.g. of bacterial origin. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine this parameter in patients suffering from IBD. Nineteen patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), ten patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and 20 controls were examined. All underwent colonic surgery at the University Hospital Heidelberg. Clinical disease activity was determined. From every subject, colonic tissue specimens were obtained, and hydrophobicity of the mucosal surface was determined with a goniometer by multiple plateau contact angle measurements. Histological evaluation of disease activity was performed in directly adjacent tissue specimens. Hydrophobicity of the colonic mucosal surface, expressed as plateau contact angles, was significantly reduced in patients with UC (mean ± SEM, 47.8° ± 3.4°) compared to those with CD (72.0° ± 5.2°) and controls (72.5° ± 5.6°; over-all P = 0.0004; UC versus controls, P < 0.001; UC versus CD, P < 0.05; CD versus controls, P > 0.05). Between mucosal hydrophobicity and clinical disease activity, as well as mucosal hydrophobicity and histological disease activity, no significant correlation was found. The results suggest a defective physicochemical barrier as an essential factor in the pathogenesis of UC, but not CD. The fact that no correlation was found between mucosal hydrophobicity and disease activity may indicate that the loss of mucosal hydrophobicity in UC is not exclusively a secondary effect due to inflammation.
    International Journal of Colorectal Disease 04/2011; 26(8):989-98. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Since the first description of 5-HT₃ receptors more than 50 years ago, there has been speculation about the molecular basis of their receptor heterogeneity. We have cloned the genes encoding novel 5-HT3 subunits 5-HT3C, 5-HT3D, and 5-HT3E and have shown that these subunits are able to form functional heteromeric receptors when coexpressed with the 5-HT3A subunit. However, whether these subunits are actually expressed in human tissue remained to be confirmed. In the current study, we performed immunocytochemistry to locate the 5-HT3A as well as the 5-HT3C, 5-HT3D, and 5-HT3E subunits within the human colon. Western blot analysis was used to confirm subunit expression, and RT-PCR was employed to detect transcripts encoding 5-HT₃ receptor subunits in microdissected tissue samples. This investigation revealed, for the first time, that 5-HT3C, 5-HT3D, and 5-HT3E subunits are coexpressed with 5-HT3A in cell bodies of myenteric neurons. Furthermore, 5-HT3A and 5-HT3D were found to be expressed in submucosal plexus of the human large intestine. These data provide a strong basis for future studies of the roles that specific 5-HT₃ receptor subtypes play in the function of the enteric and central nervous systems and the contribution that specific 5-HT₃ receptors make to the pathophysiology of gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome and dyspepsia.
    The Journal of Comparative Neurology 02/2011; 519(3):420-32. · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bis in die jüngste Zeit wurden 2Hauptformen epithelialer Polypen im Kolorektum unterschieden: Adenome und hyperplastische Polypen. Während Adenome aufgrund ihrer zytologischen Dysplasie bzw. intraepithelialen Neoplasie (IEN) als Vorläuferläsionen invasiver Karzinome aufgefasst werden, wurden die hyperplastischen Polypen, bei denen solche zytologischen Atypien fehlen, als nichtneoplastische Veränderungen ohne Malignitätspotenzial angesehen. Mittlerweile ist klar, dass die ehemals als „hyperplastische Polypen“ klassifizierten Läsionen eine heterogene Gruppe darstellen, die z.T. ein signifikantes Risiko zur malignen Transformation aufweisen. Molekular zeigen diese Polypen charakteristische Genpromotormethylierungen (so genannte „CIMP-Pathways“), die bei konventionellen kolorektalen Adenomen nicht üblich sind, und entwickeln sich wahrscheinlich über den neuen serratierten Karzinogeneseweg zum kolorektalen Karzinom. Das Spektrum dieser serratierten Polypen umfasst dabei nicht nur die hyperplastischen Polypen, sondern auch das sessile serratierte Adenom (SSA) und das traditionelle serratierte Adenom (TSA) sowie Mischformen. Auf einer Konsensuskonferenz der AG „Gastroenterologische Pathologie der DGP“ wurde versucht, eine Standardisierung der Nomenklatur und der histologischen Diagnosekriterien zu erarbeiten sowie Empfehlungen für das klinische Management zu formulieren. Until recently, two major types of colorectal epithelial polyps were distinguished: the adenoma and the hyperplastic polyp. While adenomas – because of their cytological atypia – were recognized as precursor lesions for colorectal carcinoma, hyperplastic polyps were perceived as harmless lesions without any potential for malignant progression, mainly because hyperplastic polyps lack cytological atypia. Meanwhile, it is evident that the lesions formerly classified as hyperplastic represent a heterogeneous group of polyps, some of which exhibit a significant risk of neoplastic progression. These lesions show characteristic epigenetic alterations not commonly seen in colorectal adenomas and progress to colorectal carcinoma via the so-called serrated pathway (CIMP pathway). This group of polyps is comprised not only of hyperplastic polyps, but also of sessile serrated adenomas (SSA), traditional serrated adenomas (TSA) and mixed polyps, showing serrated and “classical” adenomatous features. In a consensus conference of the working group of gastroenterological pathology of the German Society of Pathology, standardization of nomenclature and diagnostic criteria as well as recommendations for clinical management of these serrated polyps were formulated and are presented herein. SchlüsselwörterHyperplastischer Polyp–Sessiles serratiertes Adenom–Traditionelles serratiertes Adenom–Serratierter Signal-/Karzinogeneseweg–Präkanzerose–Kolorektum KeywordsHyperplastic polyp–Sessile serrated adenoma–Traditional serrated adenoma–Serrated pathway–Precancerous lesion–Colorectum
    Der Pathologe 01/2011; 32(1):76-82. · 0.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-6 (refs. 1-5) can bind to cells lacking the IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) when it forms a complex with the soluble IL-6R (sIL-6R) (trans signaling). Here, we have assessed the contribution of this system to the increased resistance of mucosal T cells against apoptosis in Crohn disease (CD), a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract. A neutralizing antibody against IL-6R suppressed established experimental colitis in various animal models of CD mediated by type 1 T-helper cells, by inducing apoptosis of lamina propria T cells. Similarly, specific neutralization of sIL-6R in vivo by a newly designed gp130-Fc fusion protein caused suppression of colitis activity and induction of apoptosis, indicating that sIL-6R prevents mucosal T-cell apoptosis. In patients with CD, mucosal T cells showed strong evidence for IL-6 trans signaling, with activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, bcl-2 and bcl-xl. Blockade of IL-6 trans signaling caused T-cell apoptosis, indicating that the IL-6-sIL-6R system mediates the resistance of T cells to apoptosis in CD. These data indicate that a pathway of T-cell activation driven by IL-6-sIL-6R contributes to the perpetuation of chronic intestinal inflammation. Specific targeting of this pathway may be a promising new approach for the treatment of CD.
    Nature medicine 11/2010; 16(11):1341. · 27.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Until recently, two major types of colorectal epithelial polyps were distinguished: the adenoma and the hyperplastic polyp. While adenomas - because of their cytological atypia - were recognized as precursor lesions for colorectal carcinoma, hyperplastic polyps were perceived as harmless lesions without any potential for malignant progression, mainly because hyperplastic polyps lack cytological atypia. Meanwhile, it is evident that the lesions formerly classified as hyperplastic represent a heterogeneous group of polyps, some of which exhibit a significant risk of neoplastic progression. These lesions show characteristic epigenetic alterations not commonly seen in colorectal adenomas and progress to colorectal carcinoma via the so-called serrated pathway (CIMP pathway). This group of polyps is comprised not only of hyperplastic polyps, but also of sessile serrated adenomas (SSA), traditional serrated adenomas (TSA) and mixed polyps, showing serrated and "classical" adenomatous features. In a consensus conference of the working group of gastroenterological pathology of the German Society of Pathology, standardization of nomenclature and diagnostic criteria as well as recommendations for clinical management of these serrated polyps were formulated and are presented herein.
    Der Pathologe 09/2010; 32(1):76-82. · 0.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Deleted in malignant brain tumors 1 (DMBT1) is a secreted glycoprotein displaying a broad bacterial-binding spectrum. Recent functional and genetic studies linked DMBT1 to the suppression of LPS-induced TLR4-mediated NF-kappaB activation and to the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease. Here, we aimed at unraveling the molecular basis of its function in mucosal protection and of its broad pathogen-binding specificity. We report that DMBT1 directly interacts with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) and carrageenan, a structurally similar sulfated polysaccharide, which is used as a texturizer and thickener in human dietary products. However, binding of DMBT1 does not reduce the cytotoxic effects of these agents to intestinal epithelial cells in vitro. DSS and carrageenan compete for DMBT1-mediated bacterial aggregation via interaction with its bacterial-recognition motif. Competition and ELISA studies identify poly-sulfated and poly-phosphorylated structures as ligands for this recognition motif, such as heparansulfate, LPS, and lipoteichoic acid. Dose-response studies in Dmbt1(-/-) and Dmbt1(+/+) mice utilizing the DSS-induced colitis model demonstrate a differential response only to low but not to high DSS doses. We propose that DMBT1 functions as pattern-recognition molecule for poly-sulfated and poly-phosphorylated ligands providing a molecular basis for its broad bacterial-binding specificity and its inhibitory effects on LPS-induced TLR4-mediated NF-kappaB activation.
    European Journal of Immunology 03/2009; 39(3):833-42. · 4.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a case of primary renal chondrosarcoma, its diagnosis and management.
    Urologia Internationalis 02/2009; 83(1):116-8. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 2 preceding studies, delayed release phosphatidylcholine (rPC) was found to (a) improve disease activity and (b) withdraw steroids in patients with chronic-active ulcerative colitis. Objective of the study was to determine the most effective rPC dose with least adverse events. A randomized, dose-controlled, double-blinded study. Four groups of 10 patients each with nonsteroid-treated, chronic-active ulcerative pancolitis with a clinical activity index (CAI) and endoscopic activity index (EAI) >or=7. Patients were treated with oral rPC at doses of 0.5, 1, 3, and 4 g daily over 12 weeks. The CAI changes from baseline to the end of the study were 2.5 (0.5 g), 7.0 (1 g), 5.5 (3 g), and 6.0 (4 g dose arm). Significant improvement of the CAI was registered between the lowest rPC dose of 0.5 g (control group) and all higher doses of 1.0, 3.0, and 4.0-g rPC (P<or=0.05). Remission (CAI <or=3) was reached in 5/10 and 6/10 patients in the 3 and 4-g dose groups compared with no patients in the 0.5-g arm (P=0.033). In the 1-g dose group only 3/10 patients reached remission (P=0.21). The rates of clinical response (>or=50% CAI improvement) were 70% in all of the effective dose groups (1 to 4 g, P=0.003). This was paralleled by the EAI improvement and by the rates of mucosal healing. Median time to clinical response was 5 (IQR 2 to 8) weeks. Bloating was registered in 40% of the patients irrespective of the treatment dose. Three of the 10 patients in the 4 g dose group reported nausea. We found a saturable dose response of rPC in the treatment of chronic-active ulcerative colitis with effective doses >or=1 g per day; doses of 3 and 4 g seem to be superior in achieving remission.
    Journal of clinical gastroenterology 01/2009; 44(5):e101-7. · 2.21 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Immunology - CLIN IMMUNOL. 01/2009; 131.
  • Clinical Immunology - CLIN IMMUNOL. 01/2009; 131.
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    ABSTRACT: The death ligand tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and its receptors (TRAIL-R) are involved in immune surveillance and tumor development. Here, we studied a possible association between the expression of TRAIL/TRAIL-Rs and the prognosis in patients with renal cell carcinomas (RCC). A tissue microarray containing RCC tumor tissue samples and corresponding normal tissue samples from 838 patients was generated. Expression of TRAIL and TRAIL-Rs was examined by immunohistochemistry and the effect of TRAIL and TRAIL-R expression on disease-specific survival was assessed. High TRAIL-R2 expression levels were associated with high-grade RCCs (P < 0.001) and correlated negatively with disease-specific survival (P = 0.01). Similarly, high TRAIL expression was associated with a shorter disease-specific survival (P = 0.01). In contrast, low TRAIL-R4 expression was associated with high-stage RCCs (P < 0.001) as well as with the incidence of distant metastasis (P = 0.03) and correlated negatively with disease-specific survival (P = 0.02). In patients without distant metastasis, multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that TRAIL-R2 and TRAIL are independent prognostic factors for cancer-specific survival (in addition to tumor extent, regional lymph node metastasis, grade of malignancy, and type of surgery). High TRAIL-R2, high TRAIL, and low TRAIL-R4 expression levels are associated with a worse disease-specific survival in patients with RCCs. Therefore, the assessment of TRAIL/TRAIL-R expression offers valuable prognostic information that could be used to select patients for adjuvant therapy studies. Moreover, our findings are of relevance for a potential experimental therapeutic administration of TRAIL-R agonists in patients with RCCs.
    Clinical Cancer Research 01/2009; 15(2):650-9. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Both epithelial barrier dysfunction and apoptosis resistance of immune cells contribute to the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease. The soluble decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) acts in an anti-apoptotic manner by neutralising the death ligand CD95L. Here, we investigated the possible involvement of DcR3 in Crohn's disease. The epithelial fraction of human small intestinal mucosa samples was obtained by laser microdissection. Expression of DcR3 was examined by global gene expression profiling, quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, immunoblot analysis, and immunohistochemistry. DcR3 concentrations in the serum of patients with Crohn's disease were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Apoptosis assays were performed to study the effects of DcR3 in intestinal epithelial cells and lamina propria T cells. DcR3 is over-expressed in the epithelial layer of ileum specimens in patients with Crohn's disease, both at actively inflamed and non-active sites. DcR3 serum levels are significantly elevated in patients with active and non-active Crohn's disease as compared to healthy controls. The expression of DcR3 in intestinal epithelial cells is induced by tumour necrosis factor alpha. Increased DcR3 expression is associated with activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) and results in protection of intestinal epithelial cells and lamina propria T cells from CD95L-induced apoptosis. DcR3 may promote inflammation in Crohn's disease by inhibiting CD95L-induced apoptosis of epithelial and immune cells as well as by inducing NF-kappaB activation.
    Gut 12/2008; 58(4):483-91. · 10.73 Impact Factor
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    Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie 10/2008; 46(9):1094-146. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) is a soluble protein that binds to and inactivates the death ligand CD95L. Here, we studied a possible association between DcR3 expression and prognosis in patients with renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). A tissue microarray containing RCC tumor tissue samples and corresponding normal tissue samples was generated. Decoy receptor 3 expression in tumors of 560 patients was examined by immunohistochemistry. The effect of DcR3 expression on disease-specific survival and progression-free survival was assessed using univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis. Decoy receptor 3 serum levels were determined by ELISA. High DcR3 expression was associated with high-grade (P = .005) and high-stage (P = .048) RCCs. The incidence of distant metastasis (P = .03) and lymph node metastasis (P = .002) was significantly higher in the group with high DcR3 expression. Decoy receptor 3 expression correlated negatively with disease-specific survival (P < .001) and progression-free survival (P < .001) in univariate analyses. A multivariate Cox regression analysis retained DcR3 expression as an independent prognostic factor that outperformed the Karnofsky performance status. In patients with high-stage RCCs expressing DcR3, the 2-year survival probability was 25%, whereas in patients with DcR3-negative tumors, the survival probability was 65% (P < .001). Moreover, DcR3 serum levels were significantly higher in patients with high-stage localized disease (P = .007) and metastatic disease (P = .001). DcR3 expression is an independent prognostic factor of RCC progression and mortality. Therefore, the assessment of DcR3 expression levels offers valuable prognostic information that could be used to select patients for adjuvant therapy studies.
    Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.) 10/2008; 10(10):1049-56. · 5.48 Impact Factor
  • DMW - Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift 10/2008; 133(38):1924-9. · 0.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the protein expression of Livin, an apoptosis inhibitor, in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and to determine its prognostic relevance. Immunohistochemical staining for Livin was performed in tissue microarrays (TMAs), including tumour tissue cores, from patients with RCC who had undergone renal surgery. In 682 TMAs cytoplasmatic staining intensity and nuclear staining quantity were evaluated, and the association of Livin expression with progression-free survival (PFS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) was analysed with a multivariate Cox regression model. Over a median (range) follow-up of 5.2 (0-16.1) years, 204 patients (28%) had died from their disease. The CSS rates at 1 and 5 years for the entire cohort was 88% and 71%. Cytoplasmatic Livin staining was absent in 516 (76%) specimens; staining was positive in 166 (24%) specimens. Weak nuclear Livin staining (<or=25%) was present in 571 (84%) specimens, strong nuclear staining (26-100%) in 111 (16%). In multivariate analysis, high (>25%) nuclear Livin expression was a favourable independent predictor of PFS and CSS even after adjusting for tumour stage, Fuhrman grade, age, sex and Karnofsky severity rating. Cytoplasmatic Livin expression did not offer additional prognostic information. High nuclear Livin expression is a favourable independent predictor of PFS and CSS in patients with RCC.
    BJU International 10/2008; 102(11):1700-6. · 3.05 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
664.23 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011
    • Frankfurt Diakonia Clinics
      Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany
    • SLK Kliniken Heilbronn GmbH
      Heilbronn Neckar, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 1993–2009
    • German Cancer Research Center
      • Division of Molecular Genome Analysis
      Heidelberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • 2008
    • St. Marien- und St. Annastiftskrankenhaus
      Ludwigshafen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
  • 1996–2007
    • Universität Heidelberg
      • • General pediatrics, pediatric neurology, metabolism, gastroenterology, nephrology
      • • Institute of Medical Psychology
      • • Institute of Pathology (Mannheim)
      • • Department of Spine Surgery
      Heidelberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • 2005
    • University Medical Center Hamburg - Eppendorf
      • Department of Orthopaedics
      Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany