Noriko Miyake

Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

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Publications (176)720.93 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome (WSS) is an autosomal dominant congenital anomaly syndrome characterized by hairy elbows, dysmorphic facial appearances (hypertelorism, thick eyebrows, downslanted and vertically narrow palpebral fissures), pre- and post-natal growth deficiency, and psychomotor delay. WSS is caused by heterozygous mutations in KMT2A (also known as MLL), a gene encoding a histone methyltransferase. Here, we identify six novel KMT2A mutations in six WSS patients, with four mutations occurring de novo. Interestingly, some of the patients were initially diagnosed with atypical Kabuki syndrome, which is caused by mutations in KMT2D or KDM6A, genes also involved in histone methylation. KMT2A mutations and clinical features are summarized in our six patients together with eight previously reported patients. Furthermore, clinical comparison of the two syndromes is discussed in detail. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Clinical Genetics 03/2015; DOI:10.1111/cge.12586 · 3.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 6p duplication syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder that frequently manifests renal complications, including proteinuria, hypoplastic kidney, and hydronephrosis. We report a girl with the syndrome, manifesting left hydronephrosis, proteinuria/hematuria, and focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (FSGS) resulting in chronic end-stage renal failure, successfully treated with renal transplantation. Microarray comparative genomic hybridization showed the derivative chromosome 6 to have a 6.4-Mb duplication at 6p25.3-p25.1 with 32 protein-coding genes and a 220-Kb deletion at 6p25.3 with two genes of no possible relation to the renal pathology. Review of the literature shows that variation of renal complications in the syndrome is compatible with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT). FSGS, observed in another patient with 6p duplication syndrome, could be a non-coincidental complication. FOXC1, located within the 6.4-Mb duplicated region at 6p25.3-p25.2, could be a candidate gene for CAKUT, but its single gene duplication effect would not be sufficient. FSGS would be a primary defect associated with duplicated gene(s) albeit no candidate could be proposed, or might occur in association with CAKUT. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 03/2015; 167(3):592-601. DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.36942 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Distal arthrogryposis (DA) encompasses a heterogeneous group of hereditary disorders with multiple congenital contractures predominant in the distal extremities. A total of 10 subtypes are proposed based on the pattern of contractures and association with extraarticular symptoms. DA5 is defined as a subtype with ptosis/oculomotor limitation. However, affected individuals have a variety of non-ocular features as well. We report on a two-generation family, including four affected individuals who all had congenital contractures of the distal joints, ptosis, restricted ocular movements, distinct facial appearance with deep-set eyes, and shortening of the 1st and 5th toes. The proband and her affected mother had restrictive lung disease, a recently recognized syndromic component of DA5, while younger patients did not. The proband had metacarpal and metatarsal synostosis, and the mother showed excavation of the optic disk. Whole-exome sequencing revealed a novel heterozygous mutation c.4456G>C (p.A1486P) of PIEZO2. PIEZO2 encodes a mechanosensitive ion channel, malfunction of which provides pleiotropic effects on joints, ocular muscles, lung function, and bone development. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 02/2015; DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.36881 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a clinically heterogeneous psychiatric disorder with various genetic backgrounds. Here, we report a novel mutation in the pogo transposable element-derived protein with zinc finger domain gene (POGZ) identified by trio-based whole exome sequencing. To date, a total of seven de novo POGZ mutations in ASD have been reported. POGZ contains a total of five functional domains, and this study reports the first de novo missense mutation in the centromere protein B-like DNA-binding domain. POGZ is highly expressed in the human fetal brain and is involved in mitosis and the regulation of neuronal proliferation. Therefore its loss-of-function or pathogenic missense mutations are likely to be causative of ASD.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 19 February 2015; doi:10.1038/jhg.2015.13.
    Journal of Human Genetics 02/2015; DOI:10.1038/jhg.2015.13 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Context: Ciliopathies are a group of rare conditions that present through a wide range of manifestations. Given the relative common occurrence of defects of the GH/IGF-1 axis in children with short stature and growth retardation, the association between ciliopathies and these defects needs further attention. Case: Our patient is a boy who was born at term and noted to have early growth retardation and weight gain within the first 18 months of life. Biochemical tests demonstrated low IGF-1 but a normal peak GH on stimulation and an adequate rise in IGF-1 on administration of rhGH. An MRI scan revealed pituitary hypoplasia and an ectopic posterior pituitary. His growth responded well to rhGH therapy. Subsequently he also developed a retinopathy of his rods and cones, metaphyseal dysplasia and hypertension with renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy. Whole exome sequencing demonstrated compound heterozygous mutations of IFT172, thus consistent with a ciliopathy. Conclusions: This is the first reported case of a child with a mutation in IFT172 who presented with growth retardation in early childhood and was initially managed as a case of functional GH deficiency that responded to rhGH therapy. This case highlights the importance of ciliary function in pituitary development and the link between early onset growth failure and ciliopathies.
    Journal of Clinical Endocrinology &amp Metabolism 02/2015; DOI:10.1210/jc.2014-3852 · 6.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mitochondrial complex III (CIII) deficiency comprises a group of complex and heterogeneous genetic disorders. TTC19 mutations constitute a rare cause of CIII deficiency and are associated with neurological disorders in childhood and adulthood. Herein, we describe a 27-year-old Japanese man with cerebellar ataxia, spastic paraparesis, loss of deep sensation, mild frontal lobe dysfunction and transient psychiatric symptoms. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed cerebellar atrophy and bilateral high-intensity signals in the inferior olives and regions adjacent to periaqueductal gray matter, on T2-weighted images. On whole-exome sequencing, we detected a novel homozygous frameshift mutation c.157_158dup [p.Pro54Alafs*48] in TTC19. Mitochondrial enzyme assays confirmed mild impairment of CIII enzymatic activity in lymphoblasts, which was consistent with TTC19-related CIII deficiency. His symptoms and radiological findings demonstrated an early stage or mild form of this disease, and further clarify the characteristics of patients with rare TTC19 mutations.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 5 February 2015; doi:10.1038/jhg.2015.7.
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    ABSTRACT: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) is becoming a standard tool for detecting nucleotide changes, and determining whether WES data can be used for the detection of copy-number variations (CNVs) is of interest. To date, several algorithms have been developed for such analyses, although verification is needed to establish if they fit well for the appropriate purpose, depending on the characteristics of each algorithm. Here, we performed WES CNV analysis using the eXome Hidden Markov Model (XHMM). We validated its performance using 27 rare CNVs previously identified by microarray as positive controls, finding that the detection rate was 59%, or higher (89%) with three or more targets. XHMM can be effectively used, especially for the detection of >200 kb CNVs. XHMM may be useful for deletion breakpoint detection. Next, we applied XHMM to genetically unsolved patients, demonstrating successful identification of pathogenic CNVs: 1.5-1.9-Mb deletions involving NSD1 in patients with unknown overgrowth syndrome leading to the diagnosis of Sotos syndrome, and 6.4-Mb duplication involving MECP2 in affected brothers with late-onset spasm and progressive cerebral/cerebellar atrophy confirming the clinical suspect of MECP2 duplication syndrome. The possibility of an 'exome-first' approach for clinical genetic investigation may be considered to save the cost of multiple investigations.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 22 January 2015; doi:10.1038/jhg.2014.124.
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    ABSTRACT: Aminoacylation is the process of attaching amino acids to their cognate tRNA, and thus is essential for the translation of mRNA into protein. This direct interaction of tRNA with amino acids is catalyzed by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. Using whole-exome sequencing, we identified compound heterozygous mutations [c.169T>C (p.Tyr57His) and c.1485dup (p.Lys496*)] in QARS, which encodes glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase, in two siblings with early-onset epileptic encephalopathy (EOEE). Recessive mutations in QARS, including the loss-of-function missense mutation p.Tyr57His, have been reported to cause intractable seizures with progressive microcephaly. The p.Lys496* mutation is novel and causes truncation of the QARS protein, leading to a deletion of part of the catalytic domain and the entire anticodon-binding domain. Transient expression of the p.Lys496* mutant in neuroblastoma 2A cells revealed diminished and aberrantly aggregated expression, indicating the loss-of-function nature of this mutant. Together with the previous report, our data suggest that abnormal aminoacylation is one of the underlying pathologies of EOEE.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 4 December 2014; doi:10.1038/jhg.2014.103.
    Journal of Human Genetics 12/2014; DOI:10.1038/jhg.2014.103 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxias and autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegias (ARHSPs) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous neurological disorders. Herein we describe Japanese siblings with a midlife-onset, slowly progressive type of cerebellar ataxia and spastic paraplegia, without intellectual disability. Using whole exome sequencing, we identified a homozygous missense mutation in DDHD2, whose mutations were recently identified as the cause of early-onset ARHSP with intellectual disability. Brain MRI of the patient showed a thin corpus callosum. Cerebral proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy revealed an abnormal lipid peak in the basal ganglia, which has been reported as the hallmark of DDHD2-related ARHSP (SPG 54). The mutation caused a marked reduction of phospholipase A1 activity, supporting that this mutation is the cause of SPG54. Our cases indicate that the possibility of SPG54 should also be considered when patients show a combination of adult-onset spastic ataxia and a thin corpus callosum. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy may be helpful in the differential diagnosis of patients with spastic ataxia phenotype.
    Scientific Reports 11/2014; 4:7132. DOI:10.1038/srep07132 · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a neurocutaneous disorder characterized by capillary malformation (port-wine stains), and choroidal and leptomeningeal vascular malformations. Previously, the recurrent somatic mutation c.548G>A (p.R183Q) in the G-α q gene (GNAQ) was identified as causative in SWS and non-syndromic port-wine stain patients using whole-genome sequencing. In this study, we investigated somatic mutations in GNAQ by next-generation sequencing. We first performed targeted amplicon sequencing of 15 blood-brain-paired samples in sporadic SWS and identified the recurrent somatic c.548G>A mutation in 80% of patients (12 of 15). The percentage of mutant alleles in brain tissues of these 12 patients ranged from 3.6 to 8.9%. We found no other somatic mutations in any of the seven GNAQ exons in the remaining three patients without c.548G>A. These findings suggest that the recurrent somatic GNAQ mutation c.548G>A is the major determinant genetic factor for SWS and imply that other mutated candidate gene(s) may exist in SWS.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 6 November 2014; doi:10.1038/jhg.2014.95.
    Journal of Human Genetics 11/2014; 59(12). DOI:10.1038/jhg.2014.95 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) comprises a heterogeneous group of disorders that are characterized by susceptibility to bone fractures, and range in severity from a subtle increase in fracture frequency to death in the perinatal period. Most patients have defects in type I collagen biosynthesis with autosomal dominant inheritance; but, many autosomal recessive genes have been reported. We applied whole exome sequencing to identify mutations in a Korean OI patient who had an umbilical hernia, frequent fractures, a markedly short stature, delayed motor development, scoliosis, and dislocation of the radial head, with a bowed radius and ulna. We identified two novel variants in the BMP1 gene: c.808A>G and c.1297G>T. The former variant caused a missense change p.(Met270Val) and the latter variant caused the skipping of exon 10. The hypo-functional nature of the two variants was demonstrated in a zebrafish assay.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
    Human Mutation 11/2014; 36(2). DOI:10.1002/humu.22731 · 5.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Homozygous frameshift BRAT1 mutations were found in patients with lethal neonatal rigidity and multifocal seizure syndrome (MIM# 614498). Here, we report on two siblings with compound heterozygous mutations in BRAT1. They had intractable seizures from neonatal period, dysmorphic features and hypertonia. Progressive microcephaly was also observed. Initial electroencephalogram showed a suppression-burst pattern, leading to a diagnosis of Ohtahara syndrome. They both died from pneumonia at 1 year and 3 months, respectively. Whole-exome sequencing of one patient revealed a compound heterozygous BRAT1 mutations (c.176T>C (p.Leu59Pro) and c.962_963del (p.Leu321Profs*81)). We are unable to obtain DNA from another patient. The p.Leu59Pro mutation occurred at an evolutionarily conserved amino acid in a CIDE-N (N-terminal of an cell death-inducing DFF45-like effector) domain, which has a regulatory role in the DNA fragmentation pathway of apoptosis. Our results further support that mutations of BRAT1 could lead to epileptic encephalopathy.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 16 October 2014; doi:10.1038/jhg.2014.91.
    Journal of Human Genetics 10/2014; 59(12). DOI:10.1038/jhg.2014.91 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Structural variations (SVs), including translocations, inversions, deletions and duplications, are potentially associated with Mendelian diseases and contiguous gene syndromes. Determination of SV-related breakpoints at the nucleotide level is important to reveal the genetic causes for diseases. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) by next-generation sequencers is expected to determine structural abnormalities more directly and efficiently than conventional methods. In this study, 14 SVs (9 balanced translocations, 1 inversion and 4 microdeletions) in 9 patients were analyzed by WGS with a shallow (5 × ) to moderate read coverage (20 × ). Among 28 breakpoints (as each SV has two breakpoints), 19 SV breakpoints had been determined previously at the nucleotide level by any other methods and 9 were uncharacterized. BreakDancer and Integrative Genomics Viewer determined 20 breakpoints (16 translocation, 2 inversion and 2 deletion breakpoints), but did not detect 8 breakpoints (2 translocation and 6 deletion breakpoints). These data indicate the efficacy of WGS for the precise determination of translocation and inversion breakpoints.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 9 October 2014; doi:10.1038/jhg.2014.88.
    Journal of Human Genetics 10/2014; 59(12). DOI:10.1038/jhg.2014.88 · 2.53 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Human Genetics 09/2014; 59(10). DOI:10.1038/jhg.2014.75 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on a consanguineous Arab family in which three sibs had an unusual skeletal dysplasia characterized by anterior defects of the spine leading to severe lumbar kyphosis and marked brachydactyly with cone epiphyses. The clinical phenotype also included dysmorphic facial features, epilepsy, and developmental delay. This constellation likely represents a previously undescribed skeletal dysplasia, most probably inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern. A homozygosity mapping approach has thus far failed to unearth the responsible gene as the region shared by these three sibs is 27.7 Mb in size and contains over 200 genes with no obvious candidate. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 09/2014; 164(9). DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.36632 · 2.30 Impact Factor
  • Tomoki Kosho, Noriko Miyake, John C. Carey
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    ABSTRACT: This issue of Seminars in Medical Genetics, American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C investigates the human diseases caused by mutations in the BAF complex (also known as the mammalian SWI/SNF complex) genes, particularly focusing on Coffin–Siris syndrome (CSS). CSS is a rare congenital malformation syndrome characterized by developmental delay or intellectual disability (ID), coarse facial appearance, feeding difficulties, frequent infections, and hypoplasia/aplasia of the fifth fingernails and fifth distal phalanges. In 2012, 42 years after the first description of CSS in 1970, five causative genes (SMARCB1, SMARCE1, SMARCA4, ARID1A, ARID1B), all encoding components of the BAF complex, were identified as being responsible for CSS through whole exome sequencing and pathway-based genetic screening. The identification of two additional causative genes (PHF6, SOX11) followed. Mutations in another BAF complex gene (SMARCA2) and (TBC1D24) were found to cause clinically similar conditions with ID, Nicolaides–Baraitser syndrome and DOORS syndrome, respectively. Also, ADNP was found to be mutated in an autism/ID syndrome. Furthermore, there is growing evidences for germline or somatic mutations in the BAF complex genes to be causal for cancer/cancer predisposition syndromes. These discoveries have highlighted the role of the BAF complex in the human development and cancer formation. The biology of BAF is very complicated and much remains unknown. Ongoing research is required to reveal the whole picture of the BAF complex in human development, and will lead to the development of new targeted therapies for related disorders in the future. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C Seminars in Medical Genetics 09/2014; 166(3). DOI:10.1002/ajmg.c.31415 · 3.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, de novo mutations in TBL1XR1 were found in two patients with autism spectrum disorders. Here, we report on a Japanese girl presenting with West syndrome, Rett syndrome-like and autistic features. Her initial development was normal until she developed a series of spasms at 5 months of age. Electroencephalogram at 7 months showed a pattern of hypsarrhythmia, which led to a diagnosis of West syndrome. Stereotypic hand movements appeared at 8 months of age, and autistic features such as deficits in communication, hyperactivity and excitability were observed later, at 4 years and 9 months. Whole exome sequencing of the patient and her parents revealed a de novo TBL1XR1 mutation [c.209 G>A (p.Gly70Asp)] occurring at an evolutionarily conserved amino acid in an F-box-like domain. Our report expands the clinical spectrum of TBL1XR1 mutations to West syndrome with Rett-like features, together with autistic features.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 7 August 2014; doi:10.1038/jhg.2014.71.
    Journal of Human Genetics 08/2014; 59(10). DOI:10.1038/jhg.2014.71 · 2.53 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Genetics 07/2014; DOI:10.1111/cge.12455 · 3.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coffin–Siris syndrome (CSS; OMIM#135900) is a rare congenital anomaly syndrome characterized by intellectual disability, coarse face, hypertrichosis, and absence/hypoplasia of the fifth digits' nails. As the majority of patients are sporadic, an autosomal dominant inheritance model has been postulated. Recently, whole exome sequencing (WES) emerged as a comprehensive analytical method for rare variants. We applied WES on five CSS patients and found two de novo mutations in SMARCB1. SMARCB1 was completely sequenced in 23 CSS patients and the mutations were found in two more patients. As SMARCB1 encodes a subunit of the BAF complex functioning as a chromatin remodeling factor, mutations in 15 other subunit genes may cause CSS and thus were analyzed in 23 CSS patients. We identified heterozygous mutations in either of six genes (SMARCA4, SMARCB1, SMARCA2, SMARCE1, ARID1A, and ARID1B) in 20 out of 23 CSS patients. The patient with a SMARCA2 mutation was re-evaluated and identified as having Nicolaides–Baraitser syndrome (OMIM#601358), which is similar to but different from CSS. Additionally, 49 more CSS patients were analyzed as a second cohort. Together with the first cohort, 37 out of 71 (22 plus 49) patients were found to have a mutation in either one of five BAF complex genes. Furthermore, two CSS patients were reported to have a PHF6 abnormality, which can also cause Borjeson–Forssman–Lehmann syndrome (OMIM#301900), an X-linked intellectual disability syndrome with epilepsy and endocrine abnormalities. The current list of mutated genes in CSS is far from being complete and analysis of more patients is required. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C Seminars in Medical Genetics 07/2014; 166(3). DOI:10.1002/ajmg.c.31406 · 3.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on a 1-year-old boy with microcephaly with a simplified gyral pattern, early-onset seizures, congenital hearing loss and a severe developmental delay. Trio-based whole-exome sequencing identified candidate compound heterozygous mutations in two genes: c.163G>T (p.Ala55Ser) and c.874G>A (p.Gly292Arg) in polynucleotide kinase 3'-phosphatase gene (PNKP), and c.195G>A (p.Met65Ile) and c.1210A>C (p.Ser404Arg) in PCDH15. PNKP and PCDH15 mutations have been reported in autosomal recessive microcephaly with early-onset seizures and developmental delay syndrome, and Usher syndrome type 1F, respectively. Our patient showed neurological features similar to reported cases of both syndromes that could be explained by the observed mutations in both PNKP and PCDH15, which therefore appear to be pathogenic in this case.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 26 June 2014; doi:10.1038/jhg.2014.51.
    Journal of Human Genetics 06/2014; 59(8). DOI:10.1038/jhg.2014.51 · 2.53 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
720.93 Total Impact Points


  • 2006–2015
    • Yokohama City University
      Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
    • Lund University
      • Department of Molecular Medicine and Gene Therapy
      Lund, Skåne, Sweden
  • 2005–2014
    • Nippon Medical School
      • Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
    • Nagasaki University Hospital
      Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan
    • Nagasaki University
      • Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
      Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan
  • 2011
    • Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2010
    • RIKEN
      • Laboratory for Bone and Joint Diseases
      Wako, Saitama-ken, Japan
  • 2001–2010
    • Juntendo University
      • • Department of Clinical Laboratory
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Department of Clinical Pathology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2008
    • Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
      Tōbetsu, Hokkaidō, Japan
    • Boston Children's Hospital
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2003
    • University of Helsinki
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finland