D.N.J. Hart

Mater Medical Research Institute, South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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Publications (114)429.19 Total impact

  • D.N.J. Hart ·

    Cytotherapy 04/2004; 6(2):87. DOI:10.1080/14653240410005366 · 3.29 Impact Factor
  • Derek N.J. Hart · David Jackson · Frank Nestle ·

    Cancer Immune Therapy, 02/2003: pages 177 - 203; , ISBN: 9783527600793
  • E Gemmell · C L Carter · D N J Hart · K E Drysdale · G J Seymour ·
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    ABSTRACT: T cells are present in the inflammatory infiltrates of periodontal disease lesions and require antigen presentation by antigen-presenting cells (APCs). While it is still not known whether Th1 or Th2 cells predominate in these lesions, it has been reported that different APCs may induce activation of different T-cell subsets. An immunoperoxidase technique was used to investigate the presence of CD1a+, CMRF-44+, CMRF-58+ and CD83+ dendritic cells, CD14+ macrophages or dendritic cell precursors and CD19+ B cells in gingival biopsies from 21 healthy or gingivitis and 25 periodontitis subjects. The samples were divided into three groups according to the size of infiltrate (group 1, small infiltrates; group 2, medium infiltrates; group 3, extensive infiltrates). The presence of numerous CD1a+ Langerhans cells was noted in the epithelium with no differences between the healthy/gingivitis and periodontitis groups. The percentage of CD83+ dendritic cells in the infiltrates was higher than the percentage of CD1a+, CMRF-44+ or CMRF-58+ dendritic cells. Endothelial cells positive for CD83 were found predominantly in areas adjacent to infiltrating cells, CD83+ dendritic cells being noted in the region of CD83+ endothelium. The percentage of CD14+ cells in the inflammatory infiltrates was similar to that of CD83+ dendritic cells. B cells were the predominant APC in group 2 and 3 tissues. The percentage of B cells in group 3 periodontitis lesions was increased in comparison with group 1 periodontitis tissues and also in comparison with group 3 healthy/gingivitis sections. Functional studies are required to determine the roles of different APC subpopulations in periodontal disease.
    Oral Microbiology and Immunology 01/2003; 17(6):388-93. DOI:10.1034/j.1399-302X.2002.170609.x · 2.81 Impact Factor
  • José Alejandro López · Derek N J Hart ·
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    ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DCs) initiate and direct the immune response. Their inability to detect danger signals from transformed cells and to generate an effective immunological response may allow cells with a malignant phenotype to evolve into cancers. This defect can be corrected for many cancer types and the immune response boosted to eliminate malignant cells by means of DC-based vaccines/therapies. Rapid advances in our understanding of basic DC physiology and improved methods for DC isolation have made clinical application of DC therapy practical, and encouraging phase I/II results are emerging.
    Current opinion in molecular therapeutics 03/2002; 4(1):54-63. · 3.42 Impact Factor
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    B J Coventry · P-L Lee · D Gibbs · D N J Hart ·
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    ABSTRACT: Low CD1a-positive putative dendritic cell numbers in human breast cancer has recently been described and may explain the apparent ‘poor immunogenicity’ previously reported in breast cancer. Little attention has been given to dendritic cell activation within the tumour microenvironment, which is another reason why the in-situ immune response may be severely deficient. We have therefore examined CD1a expression as a marker for dendritic cells, together with CMRF-44 and -56 as markers of dendritic cell activation status, in 40 human breast cancers. The results demonstrate few or no CD1a-positive putative dendritic cells and minimal or no expression of the dendritic cell activation markers. Both dendritic cell number and dendritic cell activation appear substantially deficient in human breast cancers, regardless of tumour histological grade. British Journal of Cancer (2002) 86, 546–551. DOI: 10.1038/sj/bjc/6600132 www.bjcancer.com © 2002 Cancer Research UK
    British Journal of Cancer 03/2002; 86(4):546-51. DOI:10.1038/sj.bjc.6600132 · 4.84 Impact Factor
  • D.N.J. Hart ·
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    ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DC) are now recognised as a unique leukocyte type, consisting of two or more subsets. The origins and functional inter-relationships of these cells are the subject of intense basic scientific investigation. They play important roles in initiating and directing immune responses, defending the host from pathogens and maintaining self tolerance. Fundamental studies are defining new molecules and mechanisms associated with DC function. The first methods for counting these rare blood cell populations are already providing interesting new clinical data. Indeed, abnormal DC function may contribute to deficiencies in the immune response against malignancies. Phase I trial data suggests that DC-based cancer vaccination protocols may contribute an important new biological approach to cancer therapy. Manipulation of DC to facilitate allogeneic transplantation and even to manage autoimmune disease are likely developments.
    Pathology 12/2001; 33(4):479-92. DOI:10.1080/00313020120083205 · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DC) are the only antigen-presenting cells that can activate naïve T lymphocytes and initiate a primary immune response. They are also thought to have a role in immune tolerance. DC traffic from the blood to peripheral tissue where they become activated. They then present antigen and the costimulating signals necessary to initiate an immune response. In this study, we investigated the number, subsets, and activation pattern of circulating and intestinal DC from patients with clinically mild ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease. Patients were recruited, if they were not taking immunosuppressive therapy, and were assessed for clinical severity of their disease using for UC, the Clinical Activity Index, and for Crohn's disease, the Crohn's Disease Activity Index. Blood CD11c+ and CD11c- DC subsets, expression of costimulatory antigens, CD86 and CD40, and the early differentiation/activation antigen, CMRF44, were enumerated by multicolor flow cytometry of lineage negative (lin- = CD3-, CD19-, CD14-, CD16-) HLA-DR+ DC. These data were compared with age-matched healthy and the disease control groups of chronic noninflammatory GI diseases (cGI), acute noninflammatory GI diseases (aGI), and chronic non-GI inflammation (non-GI). In addition, cryostat sections of colonoscopic biopsies from healthy control patients and inflamed versus noninflamed gut mucosa of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients were examined for CD86+ and CD40+ lin- cells. Twenty-one Crohn's disease and 25 UC patients, with mean Crohn's Disease Activity Index of 98 and Clinical Activity Index of 3.1, and 56 healthy controls, five cGI, five aGI, and six non-GI were studied. CD11c+ and CD11c- DC subsets did not differ significantly between Crohn's, UC, and healthy control groups. Expression of CD86 and CD40 on freshly isolated blood DC from Crohn's patients appeared higher (16.6%, 31%) and was significantly higher in UC (26.6%, 46.3%) versus healthy controls (5.5%, 25%) (p = 0.004, p = 0.012) and non-GI controls (10.2%, 22.8%) (p = 0.012, p = 0.008), but not versus cGI or aGI controls. CD86+ and CD40+ DC were also present in inflamed colonic and ileal mucosa from UC and Crohn's patients but not in noninflamed IBD mucosa or normal mucosa. Expression of the CMRF44 antigen was low on freshly isolated DC, but it was upregulated after 24-h culture on DC from all groups, although significantly less so on DC from UC versus Crohn's or healthy controls (p = 0.024). The CMRF44+ antigen was mainly associated with CD11c+ DC, and in UC was inversely related to the Clinical Activity Index (r = -0.69, p = 0.0002). There is upregulation of costimulatory molecules on blood DC even in very mild IBD but surprisingly, there is divergent expression of the differentiation/activation CMRF44 antigen. Upregulation of costimulatory molecules and divergent expression of CMRF44 in blood DC was also apparent in cGI and aGI but not in non-GI or healthy controls, whereas intestinal CD86+ and CD40+ DC were found only in inflamed mucosa from IBD patients. Persistent or distorted activation of blood DC or divergent regulation of costimulatory and activation antigens may have important implications for gut mucosal immunity and inflammation.
    The American Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2001; 96(10):2946-56. DOI:10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.04686.x · 10.76 Impact Factor
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    C S Ho · J A López · S Vuckovic · C M Pyke · R L Hockey · D N Hart ·
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    ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DCs) are specialized antigen-presenting cells that have the unique ability to initiate a primary immune response. The effect of physiologic stress on circulating blood DCs has thus far not been studied. In this study, we applied a recently developed method of counting blood DCs to test the hypothesis that significant stress to the body such as surgery and exercise might induce measurable changes in the DC numbers, subsets, phenotype, and function. Twenty-six patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, 4 for elective hysterectomy, 56 controls, and 5 volunteers who underwent a stress exercise test were enrolled in the study. Absolute DC counts increased acutely (71.7% +/- 11% [SEM], P =.0001) in response to the stress of surgery and dropped below preoperative levels (-25% +/- 14% [SEM], P =.05) on days 2-3. The perioperative DC subset balance remained constant. Interestingly, DC counts changed independently of monocyte counts. Exercise also induced a rise in DC counts but coincidentally with monocyte counts. Surprisingly, no phenotypic or functional activation of DCs was seen in either stress situations in vivo. DCs are rapidly mobilized into the circulation in response to surgical and exercise stress, which may serve to prepare the host's immune defenses against trauma. The independent regulation of the DC and monocyte counts reinforces the distinction between these 2 cell populations.
    Blood 08/2001; 98(1):140-5. · 10.45 Impact Factor
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    Kelly L. Summers · Barry D. Hock · Judith L. McKenzie · Derek N.J. Hart ·
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    ABSTRACT: Heterogeneous expression of several antigens on the three currently defined tonsil dendritic cell (DC) subsets encouraged us to re-examine tonsil DCs using a new method that minimized DC differentiation and activation during their preparation. Three-color flow cytometry and dual-color immunohistology was used in conjunction with an extensive panel of antibodies to relevant DC-related antigens to analyze lin(-) HLA-DR(+) tonsil DCs. Here we identify, quantify, and locate five tonsil DC subsets based on their relative expression of the HLA-DR, CD11c, CD13, and CD123 antigens. In situ localization identified four of these DC subsets as distinct interdigitating DC populations. These included three new interdigitating DC subsets defined as HLA-DR(hi) CD11c(+) DCs, HLA-DR(mod) CD11c(+) CD13(+) DCs, and HLA-DR(mod) CD11c(-) CD123(-) DCs, as well as the plasmacytoid DCs (HLA-DR(mod) CD11c(-) CD123(+)). These subsets differed in their expression of DC-associated differentiation/activation antigens and co-stimulator molecules including CD83, CMRF-44, CMRF-56, 2-7, CD86, and 4-1BB ligand. The fifth HLA-DR(mod) CD11c(+) DC subset was identified as germinal center DCs, but contrary to previous reports they are redefined as lacking the CD13 antigen. The definition and extensive phenotypic analysis of these five DC subsets in human tonsil extends our understanding of the complexity of DC biology.
    American Journal Of Pathology 08/2001; 159(1):285-95. DOI:10.1016/S0002-9440(10)61694-X · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    B D Hock · M Kato · J L McKenzie · D.N.J. Hart ·
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    ABSTRACT: CD83 is an inducible glycoprotein expressed predominantly by dendritic cells (DC) and B lymphocytes. Expression of membrane CD83 (mCD83) is widely used as a marker of differentiated/activated DC but its function and ligand(s) are presently unknown. We report the existence of a soluble form of CD83 (sCD83). Using both a sCD83-specific ELISA and Western blotting, we could demonstrate the release of sCD83 by mCD83(+) B cell and Hodgkin's disease-derived cell lines, but not mCD83(-) cells. Inhibition of de novo protein synthesis did not affect the release of sCD83 during short-term (2 h) culture of cell lines although mCD83 expression was significantly reduced, suggesting sCD83 is generated by the release of mCD83. Isolated tonsillar B lymphocytes and monocyte-derived DC, which are mCD83(low), released only low levels of sCD83 during culture. However, the differentiation/activation of these populations both up-regulated mCD83 and increased sCD83 release significantly. Analysis of sera from normal donors demonstrated the presence of low levels (121 +/- 3.6 pg/ml) of circulating sCD83. Further studies utilizing purified sCD83 and the analysis of sCD83 levels in disease may provide clues to the function and ligand(s) of CD83.
    International Immunology 08/2001; 13(7):959-67. · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    M Kato · T K Neil · D B Fearnley · A.D. McLellan · S. and Vuckovic · D.N.J. Hart ·
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    ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DC) are potent antigen-presenting cells and understanding their mechanisms of antigen uptake is important for loading DC with antigen for immunotherapy. The multilectin receptors, DEC-205 and macrophage mannose receptor (MMR), are potential antigen-uptake receptors; therefore, we examined their expression and FITC-dextran uptake by various human DC preparations. The RT-PCR analysis detected low levels of DEC-205 mRNA in immature blood DC, Langerhans cells (LC) and immature monocyte-derived DC (Mo-DC). Its mRNA expression increased markedly upon activation, indicating that DEC-205 is an activation-associated molecule. In Mo-DC, the expression of cell-surface DEC-205 increased markedly during maturation. In blood DC, however, the cell-surface expression of DEC-205 did not change during activation, suggesting the presence of a large intracellular pool of DEC-205 or post-transcriptional regulation. Immature Mo-DC expressed abundant MMR, but its expression diminished upon maturation. Blood DC and LC did not express detectable levels of the MMR. FITC-dextran uptake by both immature and activated blood DC was 30- to 70-fold less than that of LC, immature Mo-DC and macrophages. In contrast to immature Mo-DC, the FITC-dextran uptake by LC was not inhibited effectively by mannose, an inhibitor for MMR-mediated FITC-dextran uptake. Thus, unlike Mo-DC, blood DC and LC do not use the MMR for carbohydrate-conjugated antigen uptake and alternative receptors may yet be defined on these DC. Therefore, DEC-205 may have a different specificity as an antigen uptake receptor or contribute to an alternative DC function.
    International Immunology 12/2000; 12(11):1511-9. DOI:10.1093/intimm/12.11.1511 · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    J A Snowden · G R Hill · P Hunt · S Carnoutsos · R L Spearing · E Espiner · D N J Hart ·
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac failure is a known complication of haemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and is often difficult to diagnose as patients may have multiple medical problems. Since brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is largely a hormone of cardiac ventricular origin and is released early in the course of ventricular dysfunction, we have examined the value of serial plasma BNP levels for detecting cardiac failure in patients undergoing cytotoxic conditioning for HSCT. Fifteen patients undergoing HSCT were evaluated (10 undergoing autologous HSCT; five undergoing allogeneic HSCT). BNP was measured by radioimmunoassay prior to therapy and weekly for 5 weeks. Seven patients had a significant rise in BNP level (above a previously established threshold of 43 pmol/l associated with cardiac failure), occurring 1-4 weeks post commencement of conditioning. In three of these patients, cardiac failure was subsequently diagnosed clinically 3, 9 and 23 days after a BNP level of 43 pmol/l had been detected. These three patients had the highest peak BNP levels for the group and in each case elevation in BNP level occurred for a period exceeding 1 week. Although numbers were relatively small, a BNP >43 pmol/l was significantly associated with the inclusion of high-dose cyclophosphamide in the preparative regimen (P = 0.02). BNP levels showed no relationship to febrile episodes. In conclusion, these results show that plasma BNP may be used as a marker for early detection of cardiac dysfunction in patients undergoing HSCT, particularly if levels are increased for periods exceeding 1 week. Measurement of BNP during HSCT may be helpful in patients at risk of cardiac failure, in complex clinical situations and in monitoring the cardiotoxicity of preparative regimens.
    Bone Marrow Transplantation 08/2000; 26(3):309-13. DOI:10.1038/sj.bmt.1702507 · 3.57 Impact Factor
  • F R MacLean · J P Hanley · W N Patton · D.N.J. Hart · S Langley · K Bayston · G M Jeffery ·
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a man with relapsed large B cell mediastinal lymphoma and associated infected large anterior chest wall defect who required high dose salvage therapy for his underlying disease. An initial mediastinotomy wound, associated with recurrent sepsis, had developed into an abscess, then fistula and eventually a large anterior chest wall defect. Safe use of salvage chemotherapy required reconstructive surgery consisting of a pedicled muscle flap. The subsequent high dose chemotherapy was carried out without complications and 15 months later the patient is alive and well.
    Clinical & Laboratory Haematology 05/2000; 22(2):127-8. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2257.2000.00299.x · 1.30 Impact Factor

  • Gastroenterology 04/2000; 118(4). DOI:10.1016/S0016-5085(00)83471-X · 16.72 Impact Factor
  • J Highton · A Kean · P A Hessian · J Thomson · J Rietveld · D.N.J. Hart ·
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    ABSTRACT: To determine if dendritic antigen-presenting cells (DC) are present in rheumatoid nodules, as has been reported in the synovial lesions of rheumatoid arthritis. Nodules (n = 14) were examined with monoclonal antibodies (Mab) recognizing the DC differentiation/activation markers CD83, CMRF44, and CMRF56 and an antibody recognizing the CD1a antigen present on epithelial tissue associated DC. Results. Cells expressing CMRF44 were common in rheumatoid nodules, comprising 22% of nucleated cells versus 13% in synovial membranes (n = 10). Cells positive for CD1a (5%) and CD83 (2%) were less common. A majority (86%) of CMRF44 positive cells were also positive for the macrophage marker CD14. This left a significant minority of putative DC that were single stained with CMRF44. Cells bearing DC markers are as frequent in the rheumatoid nodule as in the synovial lesions. A majority are "indeterminate" cells that are CD14 positive but a proportion are single stained putative DC. The lack of lymphoid collections containing DC and T and B lymphocytes in the nodule suggests that local presentation of antigen may not occur in the rheumatoid nodule, as is thought to be the case in synovial membranes containing lymphoid follicles. This difference could potentially be explained by different states of activation, and differentiation of DC within the 2 lesions.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 03/2000; 27(2):339-46. · 3.19 Impact Factor
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    A D McLellan · A Heiser · D N Hart ·
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    ABSTRACT: Full activation of T lymphocytes by dendritic cells (DC) during antigen presentation is known to require the interaction of several inducible receptor-ligand pairs. We have postulated that the reciprocal activation of DC by T lymphocytes is also important. Potential signalling molecules that might increase the stimulatory capacity of DC during antigen presentation to T lymphocytes were tested using an in vitro model. Fresh human blood DC were cocultured with CD4+ and CD8+ allogeneic or with autologous T lymphocytes plus Staphylococcus superantigen A (SEA). Surprisingly, costimulator expression on DC cocultured with T lymphocytes was reduced in comparison to DC cultured alone. However, the minority (10-30%) of DC clustering with T lymphocytes showed antigen-specific up-regulation of the CD40, CD80 and CD86 costimulator molecules, whereas the non-clustered DC (70-90%) had less up-regulation than control DC cultured alone and did not respond to antigen-specific triggering. Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to CD40 ligand (CD40L) and human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DR, but not lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), LFA-3 or HLA-class I, significantly inhibited the T-lymphocyte induction of DC costimulator expression. Since HLA-class II, but not HLA-class I mAb, inhibited allogeneic T-lymphocyte-mediated activation of DC, CD4 T lymphocytes appear to be the main subset activating DC in the mixed lymphocyte reaction. Cross-linking of CD40, but not HLA-class II, up-regulated DC or B-cell costimulator expression. Although direct class II signalling does not appear to play a role in DC activation, antigen-specific T-cell recognition contributes via other mechanisms to regulate DC activation.
    Immunology 11/1999; 98(2):171-80. · 3.80 Impact Factor
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    G J Clark · S Gunningham · A Troy · S Vuckovic · D.N.J. Hart ·
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    ABSTRACT: The RelB gene product is a member of the nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB family of transcription factors. It has been identified recently within mouse antigen-presenting cells and human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC). Disruption of the mouse RelB gene is accompanied, amongst other phenotypes, by abnormalities in the antigen-presenting cell lineages. In order to define RelB expression during human DC differentiation, we have analysed RelB mRNA by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and RelB protein by intracellular staining in CD34+ precursors and different types of DC preparations. RelB mRNA was not detected in CD34+ precursor populations. Fresh blood DC (lineage-human leucocyte antigen-DR+ (lin-HLA-DR+)) lacked RelB mRNA and cytoplasmic RelB protein but a period of in vitro culture induced RelB expression in blood DC. Purified Langerhans' cells (LC) (CD1a+ HLA-DR+) failed to express RelB mRNA. Immunocytochemical staining identified RelB protein in human skin epithelium. RelB protein was expressed in a very few CD1a+, CD83+ or CMRF-44+ dermal DC but was not present in CD1a+ LC. Tonsil DC (lin-HLA-DR+ CMRF-44+) were positive for RelB mRNA and RelB protein. Intestinal DC (HLA-DR+) also lacked immunoreactive RelB protein. The majority of interdigitating CD83+, CMRF-44+, CMRF-56+ or p55+ DC located in paracortical T-lymphocyte areas of lymph node and tonsil contained RelB protein. The expression of RelB mRNA and RelB protein correlates with the activated phase of blood DC and the postmigration cell (activated) stage of tissue DC development.
    Immunology 11/1999; 98(2):189-96. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2567.1999.00829.x · 3.80 Impact Factor
  • D.N.J. Hart · G R Hill ·
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    ABSTRACT: The confirmation that most cancers express one or more molecular changes, which may act as tumour-associated antigens (TAA), combined with the knowledge that T lymphocytes recognize even single amino acid differences in MHC presented peptides has stimulated renewed clinical interest in immunotherapeutic strategies. Dendritic cells (DC) are now recognized as specialist antigen-presenting cells, which initiate, direct and regulate immune responses. Recent data suggest that DC are not recruited into, or activated by, cancers and that other abnormalities in DC function are associated with malignancy, including multiple myeloma. This provides a rationale for designing immunotherapeutic strategies, which exploit DC as nature's adjuvant either in vivo or in vitro. Low-grade lymphoma and multiple myeloma are slowly progressive malignancies, which generally express a unique immunoglobulin idiotype as a potential TAA. Data from animal models and clinical studies suggest that DC-based immunotherapy strategies, applied when the patient has minimal residual disease, may improve the long-term prognosis in these diseases.
    Immunology and Cell Biology 11/1999; 77(5):451-9. DOI:10.1046/j.1440-1711.1999.00859.x · 4.15 Impact Factor
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    S Vuckovic · D B Fearnley · S Gunningham · R L Spearing · W N Patton · D. N. J. Hart ·
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    ABSTRACT: Blood dendritic cells (DC) differentiate in vitro via two separate pathways: either directly from blood DC precursors (DCp) or from CD14+ monocytes. In chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) abnormal bone marrow precursors contribute to blood monocyte development but DC development has not been studied previously. Monocytes comprised 60% of blood MNC in 15 CMML patients studied, compared with 20% in 16 age-matched controls. The increase in blood monocytes was accompanied by a reciprocal decrease in mean blood DC percentage (from 0.42% of MNC in normal individuals to 0.16% of MNC in CMML patients). Absolute blood DC numbers showed a minimal (non-significant) reduction from 9.8 x 10(6)/l in normal individuals to 7.5 x 10(6)/l in CMML patients. The CD14(low) WCD16+ monocyte subpopulation was not found in CMML patients. After culture in GM-CSF/IL-4, CMML CD14+ monocytes acquired the phenotype of immature monocyte derived DC (Mo-DC) with similar yields to normal blood Mo-DC generation. Addition of TNF-alpha or LPS induced both normal and CMML Mo-DC to express prominent dendritic processes, the CMRF44+ and CD83+ antigens and high levels of HLA-DR, CD80 and CD86. Treatment either with TNF-alpha or LPS increased the allostimulatory activity of normal Mo-DC, but had little effect on the allostimulatory activity of CMML Mo-DC, perhaps reflecting the underlying neoplastic changes in monocyte precursors. We conclude that the blood DC numbers are relatively unaffected in CMML, suggesting discrete regulation of monocyte and DC production.
    British Journal of Haematology 07/1999; 105(4):974-85. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2141.1999.01431.x · 4.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine whether rheumatoid synovial fluid (SF) inhibits dendritic cell (DC) expression of the CD80 and CD86 costimulator molecules and contributes to SF T lymphocyte hyporesponsiveness. Cell-free rheumatoid SF was tested for its effect on DC-stimulated autologous/allogeneic mixed lymphocyte reactions and for its effect on DC surface antigen expression, as assessed by flow cytometry. Blocking monoclonal antibodies were used to identify the SF cytokines that inhibited DC-T lymphocyte interactions. Low concentrations of SF (2.5%) could inhibit DC-mediated autologous and allogeneic T lymphocyte proliferation. This inhibitory effect could be reversed by neutralizing transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) and interleukin-2 (IL-2), but not by IL-12, in the SF. Hyaluronic acid, IL-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor alpha were not associated with SF inhibition. In vitro culture alone and crosslinking with the CD40 ligand up-regulated DC CD80/CD86 expression and costimulator function, and this was not affected by inclusion of SF. In the presence of SF, DC clustered with autologous T lymphocytes showed decreased CD80 and CD86 expression, and variable CD80/CD86 decreases were observed on DC clustered with allogeneic T lymphocytes. TGFbeta in SF appears to suppress T lymphocyte function, which may affect both signaling to DC and the induction of DC costimulator function.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology 03/1999; 42(3):507-18. DOI:10.1002/1529-0131(199904)42:3<507::AID-ANR16>3.0.CO;2-Y · 7.76 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

5k Citations
429.19 Total Impact Points


  • 1998-2004
    • Mater Medical Research Institute
      South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • 2003
    • Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany
  • 2001
    • University of Queensland
      Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • 1984-2001
    • Canterbury District Health Board
      • Department of Haematology
      Christchurch, Canterbury Region, New Zealand
  • 1997
    • University of Otago
      • Department of Medicine (Dunedin)
      Taieri, Otago Region, New Zealand