Chia-Ling Nhan-Chang

Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, New York City, New York, United States

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Publications (34)57.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Sacral tumors with fetiform features are rare and pose a diagnostic challenge to the ultrasonologist. Sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCT) and parasitic twins can have very similar sonographic features but have different implications to an affected pregnancy. While postnatal histopathology is ultimately necessary to distinguish between a SCT and a heteropagus twin, certain characteristics, such as the presence of a vertebral column and the pattern and rate of tumor growth, may be useful to guide counseling and management decisions.
    Clinical imaging 09/2013; · 0.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC) exposure is associated with the rate of cervical shortening. STUDY DESIGN: Women with a history of spontaneous preterm delivery (PTD) at <37 weeks' gestation who had serial cervical length measurements (2009-2012) were identified. 17-OHPC administration and outcome data were collected. We excluded patients with multiple gestations, indicated PTDs, major fetal anomalies, cerclage, and vaginal progesterone use. The rate of cervical shortening was modeled in relation to 17-OHPC status with the use of methods for longitudinal data analysis. RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-seven patients with 1171 cervical length measurements were included, of whom 184 patients (77.6%) were exposed to 17-OHPC. Gestational age, number of previous PTDs, gestational age at initiation, and interval between cervical length examinations were similar between the 2 groups, although women who were not exposed to 17-OHPC were more likely to have delivered multiples in their previous PTD (24.5% vs 4.4%; P < .01). In the entire cohort, the rate of cervical shortening was identical, regardless of 17-OHPC exposure (0.85 mm per week). Among term deliveries, the rates of cervical shortening per week, on average, were 0.9 and 0.8 mm per week among women with and without 17-OHPC, respectively (P = .76). Among preterm deliveries, the corresponding rates were 0.8 and 1.2 mm, respectively, among women with and without 17-OHPC (P = .67). CONCLUSION: Cervical shortening among women with previous preterm delivery occurs at a similar rate, regardless of exposure to 17-OHPC.
    American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 06/2013; · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the administration of clindamycin to women with abnormal vaginal flora at <22 weeks of gestation reduces the risk of preterm birth and late miscarriage. We conducted a systematic review and metaanalysis of randomized controlled trials of the early administration of clindamycin to women with abnormal vaginal flora at <22 weeks of gestation. Five trials that comprised 2346 women were included. Clindamycin that was administered at <22 weeks of gestation was associated with a significantly reduced risk of preterm birth at <37 weeks of gestation and late miscarriage. There were no overall differences in the risk of preterm birth at <33 weeks of gestation, low birthweight, very low birthweight, admission to neonatal intensive care unit, stillbirth, peripartum infection, and adverse effects. Clindamycin in early pregnancy in women with abnormal vaginal flora reduces the risk of spontaneous preterm birth at <37 weeks of gestation and late miscarriage. There is evidence to justify further randomized controlled trials of clindamycin for the prevention of preterm birth. However, a deeper understanding of the vaginal microbiome, mucosal immunity, and the biology of BV will be needed to inform the design of such trials.
    American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 09/2011; 205(3):177-90. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to identify the molecular basis of an arrest of descent. Human myometrium was obtained from women in term labor (TL; n = 29) and arrest of descent (AODes; n = 21). Gene expression was characterized using Illumina HumanHT-12 microarrays. A moderated Student t test and false discovery rate adjustment were applied for analysis. Confirmatory quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunoblot were performed in an independent sample set. Four hundred genes were differentially expressed between women with an AODes compared with those with TL. Gene Ontology analysis indicated enrichment of biological processes and molecular functions related to inflammation and muscle function. Impacted pathways included inflammation and the actin cytoskeleton. Overexpression of hypoxia inducible factor-1a, interleukin -6, and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 in AODes was confirmed. We have identified a stereotypic pattern of gene expression in the myometrium of women with an arrest of descent. This represents the first study examining the molecular basis of an arrest of descent using a genome-wide approach.
    American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 02/2011; 204(2):177.e15-33. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: to characterize the transcriptome of human myometrium during spontaneous labor at term. myometrium was obtained from women with (n=19) and without labor (n=20). Illumina HumanHT-12 microarrays were utilized. Moderated t-tests and false discovery rate adjustment of P-values were applied. Real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed for a select set of differentially expressed genes in a separate set of samples. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot were utilized to confirm differential protein production in a third sample set. 1) Four hundred and seventy-one genes were differentially expressed; 2) gene ontology analysis indicated enrichment of 103 biological processes and 18 molecular functions including: a) inflammatory response; b) cytokine activity; and c) chemokine activity; 3) systems biology pathway analysis using signaling pathway impact analysis indicated six significant pathways: a) cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction; b) Jak-STAT signaling; and c) complement and coagulation cascades; d) NOD-like receptor signaling pathway; e) systemic lupus erythematosus; and f) chemokine signaling pathway; 4) qRT-PCR confirmed over-expression of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase-2, heparin binding epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor, chemokine C-C motif ligand 2 (CCL2/MCP1), leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor, subfamily A member 5, interleukin (IL)-8, IL-6, chemokine C-X-C motif ligand 6 (CXCL6/GCP2), nuclear factor of kappa light chain gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor zeta, suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) and decreased expression of FK506 binding-protein 5 and aldehyde dehydrogenase in labor; 5) IL-6, CXCL6, CCL2 and SOCS3 protein expression was significantly higher in the term labor group compared to the term not in labor group. myometrium of women in spontaneous labor at term is characterized by a stereotypic gene expression pattern consistent with over-expression of the inflammatory response and leukocyte chemotaxis. Differential gene expression identified with microarray was confirmed with qRT-PCR using an independent set of samples. This study represents an unbiased description of the biological processes involved in spontaneous labor at term based on transcriptomics.
    Journal of Perinatal Medicine 11/2010; 38(6):617-43. · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine whether cervical shortening of a ripe cervix at term is associated with changes in the cervical transcriptome. Sonographically measured cervical lengths and biopsy specimens were obtained from 19 women at term who were not in labor with a ripe cervix. Affymetrix HG-U133 Plus 2.0 arrays (Affymetrix Inc, Santa Clara, CA) were used. Gene expression was analyzed as a function of cervical length. Gene Ontology, pathway analyses, quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and immunohistochemistry were performed. Cervical length shortening was associated with differential expression of 687 genes. Fifty-four biologic processes, 22 molecular functions, and 9 pathways were enriched. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis confirmed differential expression of 13 genes. Bone morphogenetic protein-7, claudin-1, integrin beta-6, and endometrial progesterone-induced protein messenger RNA, and protein expressions were down-regulated with cervical shortening. Sonographic cervical shortening in patients at term who are not in labor with a ripe cervix is associated with changes in the uterine cervix transcriptome. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition may participate in the mechanism of cervical shortening at term.
    American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 11/2010; 203(5):472.e1-472.e14. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Maternal circulating visfatin concentrations are higher in patients with a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonate than in those who delivered an appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) neonate or in those with pre-eclampsia. It has been proposed that enhanced transfer of visfatin from the foetal to maternal circulation may account for the high concentrations of maternal visfatin observed in patients with an SGA neonate. The aims of this study were: (1) to determine whether cord blood visfatin concentrations differ between normal neonates, SGA neonates and newborns of pre-eclamptic mothers; and (2) to assess the relationship between maternal and foetal circulating visfatin concentrations in patients with an SGA neonate and those with pre-eclampsia. This cross-sectional study included 88 pregnant women and their neonates, as well as 22 preterm neonates in the following groups: (1) 44 normal pregnant women at term and their AGA neonates; (2) 22 normotensive pregnant women and their SGA neonates; (3) 22 women with pre-eclampsia and their neonates; and (4) 22 preterm neonates delivered following spontaneous preterm labour without funisitis or histologic chorioamnionitis, matched for gestational age with infants of pre-eclamptic mothers. Maternal plasma and cord blood visfatin concentrations were determined by ELISA. Non-parametric statistics were used for analyses. (1) The median visfatin concentration was lower in umbilical cord blood than in maternal circulation, in normal pregnancy, SGA and pre-eclampsia groups (p<0.001 for all comparisons); (2) the median cord blood visfatin concentrations did not differ significantly between term AGA or SGA neonates, infants of mothers with pre-eclampsia and their gestational-age-matched preterm AGA neonates; (3) maternal and cord blood visfatin concentrations correlated only in the normal term group (r=0.48, p=0.04). Circulating visfatin concentrations are lower in the foetal than in the maternal circulation and did not significantly differ between the study groups. Thus, it is unlikely that the foetal circulation is the source of the high maternal visfatin concentrations reported in patients with an SGA neonate.
    The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 10/2010; 23(10):1119-28. · 1.36 Impact Factor
  • Chia-Ling Nhan-Chang, Theodore B Jones
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    ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis is known as the great masquerader and the manifestation of the disease can be vague and widespread. Worldwide, TB kills more women each year than any other infection and the greatest burden of disease occurs in those in the reproductive age. Screening strategies in pregnancy provides a unique opportunity to identify and treat at-risk women for tuberculosis. In this review, we identify the current screening, treatment, and breastfeeding strategies for tuberculosis in pregnancy.
    Clinical obstetrics and gynecology 06/2010; 53(2):311-21. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare the transcriptome between the site of membrane rupture and the chorioamniotic membranes away from the site of rupture. The transcriptome of amnion and chorion (n=20 each) from and distal to the site of rupture from women with spontaneous labor and vaginal delivery at term after spontaneous rupture of membranes was profiled with Illumina HumanHT-12 microarrays. Selected genes were validated with the use of quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Six hundred seventy-seven genes were differentially expressed in the chorion between the rupture and nonrupture sites (false discovery rate<0.1; fold change>1.5). Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction confirmed the differential expression in 10 of 14 genes. Enriched biological processes included anatomic structure development, cell adhesion and signal transduction. Extracellular matrix-receptor interaction was the most impacted signaling pathway. The transcriptome of fetal membranes after spontaneous rupture of membranes in term labor is characterized by region- and tissue-specific differential expression of genes that are involved in signature pathways, which include extracellular matrix-receptor interactions.
    American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 05/2010; 202(5):462.e1-41. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to determine the frequency and clinical significance of intraamniotic inflammation in asymptomatic women with a sonographic short cervix (SCX) in the midtrimester. This cohort study included 47 asymptomatic women (14-24 weeks) with an SCX (<or=15 mm) who underwent amniocentesis. Women with multiple gestation, cerclage, or cervical dilatation greater than 2 cm were excluded. Intraamniotic inflammation was defined as an elevated amniotic fluid (AF) matrix metalloproteinase-8 concentration (>23 ng/mL). (1) intraamniotic infection was found in 4.3% of patients; (2) among patients with a negative AF culture, the prevalence of intraamniotic inflammation was 22.2%; and (3) patients with a negative AF culture, but with intraamniotic inflammation, had a higher rate of delivery within 7 days (40% vs 5.7%; P=.016) and a shorter median diagnosis-to-delivery interval than those without intraamniotic inflammation (18 vs 42 days; P=.01). Twenty-two percent of patients with a midtrimester SCX have intraamniotic inflammation. The risk of preterm delivery within 7 days for these patients is 40%.
    American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 05/2010; 202(5):433.e1-8. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Visfatin/pre-B-cell-enhancing factor (PBEF) has been implicated in the regulation of the innate immune system, as well as in glucose metabolism. Specifically, visfatin plays a requisite role in delayed neutrophil apoptosis in patients with sepsis. The aim of this study was to determine whether pyelonephritis during pregnancy is associated with changes in maternal plasma visfatin concentration in normal weight and overweight/obese patients. This cross-sectional study included the following groups: (1) normal pregnant women (n = 200) and (2) pregnant women with pyelonephritis (n = 40). Maternal plasma visfatin concentrations were determined by ELISA. Non-parametric statistics was used for analyses. (1) The median maternal plasma visfatin concentration was significantly higher in patients with pyelonephritis than in those with a normal pregnancy; (2) among overweight/obese pregnant women, those with pyelonephritis had a significantly higher median plasma visfatin concentration than women with a normal pregnancy; and (3) pyelonephritis was independently associated with higher maternal plasma visfatin concentrations after adjustment for maternal age, pre-gestational body mass index, smoking status, gestational age at sampling, and birthweight. Acute pyelonephritis during pregnancy is associated with a high circulating maternal visfatin concentration. These findings suggest that visfatin/PBEF may play a role in the regulation of the complex and dynamic crosstalk between inflammation and metabolism during pregnancy.
    American Journal Of Reproductive Immunology 03/2010; 63(3):252-62. · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to identify changes in the cervical transcriptome in the human uterine cervix as a function of ripening before the onset of labor. Human cervical tissue was obtained from women at term not in labor with ripe (n = 11) and unripe (n = 11) cervices and profiled using Affymetrix GeneChip HGU133Plus2.0 arrays. Gene expression was analyzed using a moderated t-test (False Discovery Rate 5%). Gene ontology and pathway analysis were performed. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used for confirmation of selected differentially expressed genes. (1) Ninety-one genes were differentially expressed between ripe and unripe groups. (2) Cervical ripening was associated with enrichment of specific biological processes (e.g. cell adhesion, regulation of anatomical structure), pathways and 11 molecular functions (e.g. extracelluar matrix (ECM)-structural constituent, protein binding, glycosaminoglycan binding). (3) qRT-PCR confirmed that 9 of 11 tested differentially expressed genes (determined by microarray) were upregulated in a ripe cervix (e.g. MYOCD, VCAN, THBS1, COL5A1). (4) Twenty-three additional genes related to ECM metabolism and adhesion molecules were differentially regulated (by qRT-PCR) in ripe cervices. (1) This is the first description of the changes in the human cervical transcriptome with ripening before the onset of labor. (2) Biological processes, pathways and molecular functions were identified with the use of this unbiased approach. (3) In contrast to cervical dilation after term labor, inflammation-related genes did not emerge as differentially regulated with cervical ripening. (4) Myocardin was identified as a novel gene upregulated in human cervical ripening.
    The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 11/2009; 22(12):1183-93. · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding RNAs involved in posttranscriptional regulation of target genes. The objective of this study was to determine the miRNA expression profile of the human uterine cervix after spontaneous term labor (TL). The miRNA expression pattern of cervical tissue was characterized using microarrays. Samples were collected at term from patients with (n = 8) and without (n = 9) TL. Moderated t tests and false discovery rate correction were applied. Results were confirmed using quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. A total of 226 miRNAs were expressed in human cervical tissue. miR-223, miR-34b, and miR-34c were overexpressed in cervical tissue of patients with TL compared to those without. Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assays confirmed these findings (miR-223 [fold change {FC} = 5.7], miR-34b [FC = 4.5], miR-34c [FC = 6.2]; P < .001). This is the first report of miRNA expression in the human uterine cervix in pregnancy. Cervical remodeling after TL and delivery was associated with changes in miR-223, miR-34b, and miR-34c.
    American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 11/2009; 202(1):80.e1-8. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Women with preeclampsia and those who delivered a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonate share several mechanisms of disease, including chronic uteroplacental ischemia and failure of physiologic transformation of the spiral arteries. However, the clinical manifestation of these obstetrical syndromes is remarkably different. It has been proposed that an altered maternal metabolic state, as well as a unique circulating cytokines milieu, predispose women to develop either preeclampsia or SGA. Compelling evidence suggests that adipose tissue orchestrates both metabolic pathways and immunological responses via the production of adipokines. Visfatin is a novel adipocytokine with metabolic and immunomodulating properties. The objective of this study was to determine whether preeclampsia and SGA are associated with alterations in maternal circulating visfatin concentrations. This cross-sectional study included pregnant women in the following groups: (1) normal pregnancy (n = 158); (2) patients with preeclampsia (n = 43) of which 32 had an AGA and 11 had an SGA neonate; (3) patients without preeclampsia who delivered an SGA neonate (n = 55). Maternal plasma visfatin concentrations were measured by ELISA. Nonparametric tests and multiple linear regression analysis were used. (1) Women who delivered an SGA neonate had a higher median maternal plasma visfatin concentration than those with a normal pregnancy (20.0 ng/ml, interquartile range: 17.2-24.6 vs. 15.2 ng/ml, 12.1-19.2, respectively; P < 0.001) and than those with preeclampsia (14.5 ng/ml, 12.5-18.7; P < 0.001); (2) the median maternal plasma visfatin concentration did not differ significantly between patients with preeclampsia and those with a normal pregnancy (P = 0.8); (3) among patients with preeclampsia, there was no significant difference in the median maternal plasma visfatin concentration between those with or without an SGA neonate (P = 0.5); (4) in a linear regression model, delivery of an SGA neonate and pregestational body mass index were independently associated with increased visfatin concentration after adjustment for confounding factors (maternal age, smoking, gestational age at blood collection and the presence of preeclampsia or SGA). (1) Patients with SGA, but not those with preeclampsia, had a higher maternal plasma visfatin concentration than those with a normal pregnancy; (2) this finding suggests differential involvement of visfatin in SGA and preeclampsia; (3) we propose that changes in circulating maternal visfatin concentration may be implicated in the phenotypic definitions and distinction of preeclampsia and SGA.
    The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 10/2009; 23(8):857-68. · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fetal death can lead to disseminated intravascular coagulation or fetal death syndrome. However, currently it is not clear what are the changes in the coagulation system in patients with a fetal death without the fetal death syndrome. This study was undertaken to determine: (1) whether fetal death in the absence of fetal death syndrome is associated with changes in hemostatic markers in maternal plasma and amniotic fluid; and (2) whether maternal hypertension or placental abruption are associated with further changes in the hemostatic profile of these patients. A cross-sectional study included the following: (1) determination of changes in markers of coagulation and platelet activation in patients with a normal pregnancy (n = 71) and patients with fetal demise (FD) without disseminated intravascular coagulation (n = 65); (2) determination of the amniotic fluid (AF)-tissue factor concentration and activity, as well as the concentrations of thrombin-antithrombin III (TAT) complexes in patients with a normal pregnancy (n = 25) and those with a FD (n = 36) who underwent amniocentesis. Plasma and AF concentrations of TAT complexes and TF (an index of thrombin generation), as well as maternal plasma concentrations of sCD40L (a marker of platelet activation), tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) and prothrombin fragments (PF) 1 + 2 (also an indicator of in vivo thrombin generation) were measured by ELISA. TF and TFPI activity were measured using chromogenic assays. (1) patients with FD without hypertension had a higher median maternal plasma sCD40L concentration than normal pregnant women (P < 0.001); (2) patients with FD had a higher median maternal plasma TAT III complexes than women with a normal pregnancy (P < 0.001); (3) the median AF-TF concentration and activity were higher in the FD group than in the normal pregnancy group (P < 0.001 for both); (4) patients with preeclampsia and FD had a higher median maternal plasma immunoreactive TF concentration than both normotensive patients with FD and women with normal pregnancies (P < 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively); (5) the median plasma TF activity was higher in patients with preeclampsia and FD than that of women with normal pregnancies (P = 0.003); (6) among patients with a FD, those with placental abruption had a higher median AF-TAT complexes concentration than those without abruption (P = 0.0004). Our findings indicate that: (1) mothers with a FD have evidence of increased in vivo thrombin generation and platelet activation than women with normal pregnancies; (2) patients with a FD and hypertension had a higher degree of TF activation than those with fetal death but without hypertension; (3) the AF of women with a FD had a higher median TF concentration and activity than that of normal pregnant women. AF can be a potential source for tissue factor and it participates in the development of fetal death syndrome in patients with a retained dead fetus.
    The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 08/2009; 22(8):672-87. · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intra-amniotic and systemic infection/inflammation have been causally linked to preterm parturition and fetal injury. An emerging theme is that adipose tissue can orchestrate a metabolic response to insults, but also an inflammatory response via the production of adipocytokines, and that these two phenomenons are interrelated. Adiponectin, an insulin-sensitising, anti-inflammatory adipocytokine, circulates in multimeric complexes including low-molecular weight (LMW) trimers, medium-molecular weight (MMW) hexamers and high-molecular weight (HMW) isoforms. Each of these complexes can exert differential biological effects. The aim of this study was to determine whether spontaneous preterm labor (PTL) with intact membranes and intra-amniotic infection/inflammation (IAI) is associated with changes in maternal serum circulating adiponectin multimers. This cross-sectional study included patients in the following groups: (1) normal pregnant women (n=158); (2) patients with an episode of preterm labor and intact membranes without IAI who delivered at term (n=41); (3) preterm labor without IAI who delivered preterm (n=27); and (4) preterm labor with IAI who delivered preterm (n=36). Serum adiponectin multimers (total, HMW, MMW and LMW) concentrations were determined by ELISA. Non-parametric statistics were used for analyses. (1) Preterm labor leading to preterm delivery or an episode of preterm labor that does not lead to preterm delivery was associated with a lower median maternal serum concentration of total and HMW adiponectin, a lower median HMW/total adiponectin ratio and a higher median LMW/total adiponectin ratio than normal pregnancy; (2) among patients with preterm labor, those with IAI had the lowest median concentration of total and HMW adiponectin, as well as the lowest median HMW/total adiponectin ratio; (3) the changes in maternal adiponectin and adiponectin multimers remained significant after adjusting for confounding factors such as maternal age, BMI, gestational age at sampling and parity. (1) Preterm labor is characterised by a change in the profile of adiponectin multimers concentrations and their relative isoforms. These changes were observed in patients with an episode of preterm labor not leading to preterm delivery, in patients with intra-amniotic inflammation, or in those without evidence of intra-amniotic inflammation. (2) The changes in adiponectin multimer concentrations reported in preterm labor are different from those previously reported in spontaneous labor at term, suggesting that there is a fundamental difference between preterm labor and labor at term. (3) The findings reported herein provide the first evidence for the participation of adiponectin multimer in preterm parturition. We propose that adiponectins and adipokines in general provide a mechanism to organise the metabolic demands generated by the process of preterm parturition regardless of the nature of the insult (intra-amniotic inflammation or not).
    The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 08/2009; 22(10):887-904. · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hemoglobin and its catabolic products have been associated with amniotic fluid (AF) discoloration and intra-amniotic infection/inflammation (IAI). However, the origin of AF hemoglobin (maternal or fetal) has not been determined. The aims of this study were to determine if fetal hemoglobin can be detected in AF obtained from normal pregnancies, and whether there is an association between AF fetal hemoglobin concentrations and gestational age, spontaneous labor (term and preterm), preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (PPROM) and IAI. This cross-sectional study included pregnant women in the following groups: (1) mid-trimester (n = 60); (2) term not in labor (n = 21); (3) term in labor (n = 47); (4) spontaneous preterm labor with intact membranes (PTL) without IAI who delivered at term (n = 89); (5) PTL without IAI who delivered preterm (n = 74); (6) PTL with IAI (n = 78); (7) PPROM with (n = 48) and (8) without IAI (n = 48). AF fetal hemoglobin concentrations were determined by ELISA. Non-parametric statistics were used for analyses. (1) Fetal hemoglobin was detected in 80.4% of all AF samples; (2) women at term not in labor had a higher median AF fetal hemoglobin concentration than those at mid-trimester (p = 0.008); (3) labor at term was not associated with a significant difference in the median AF fetal hemoglobin concentration; (4) the median AF fetal hemoglobin concentration was not significantly different among the three PTL groups or between the PPROM groups; (5) women with PTL and IAI had a lower AF fetal hemoglobin percentage of the total hemoglobin than those without IAI who delivered preterm (p = 0.03) or at term (p < 0.001); (6) The median AF fetal hemoglobin concentration was higher in pregnancies complicated with PTL or PPROM than in women at term (p < 0.001 for all comparison). (1) The concentration of immunoreactive AF fetal hemoglobin increases with gestational age; (2) the median AF fetal hemoglobin concentration is higher in pregnancies complicated with PTL or PPROM than in term pregnancies; (3) among women with PTL or PPROM, the AF fetal hemoglobin concentrations were not associated with IAI; (4) however, women with PTL and IAI had a lower percentage of AF fetal hemoglobin of the total hemoglobin than those without IAI, suggesting different mechanisms of disease.
    The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 06/2009; 22(5):388-97. · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia are associated with preeclampsia. Recently, "adipose tissue failure", characterized by dysregulation of adipokine production, has been implicated in the pathophysiology of these metabolic complications. Adiponectin, an insulin-sensitizing, anti-atherogenic, anti-inflammatory and angiogenic adipokine, circulates in oligomeric complexes including: low-molecular-weight (LMW) trimers, medium-molecular-weight (MMW) hexamers and high-molecular-weight (HMW) isoforms. These multimers exert differential biological effects, and HMW to total adiponectin ratio (S(A)) has been reported to be a specific marker of adiponectin activity. The aim of this study was to determine whether preeclampsia is associated with changes in circulating adiponectin multimers. This cross-sectional study included women with: 1) normal pregnancy (n=225); and 2) patients with mild preeclampsia (n=111). The study population was further stratified by first trimester BMI (normal weight <25 kg/m(2) vs. overweight/obese >or=25 kg/m(2)). Serum adiponectin multimers (total, HMW, MMW and LMW) concentrations were determined by ELISA. Non-parametric statistics were used for analysis. 1) The median maternal HMW and LMW adiponectin concentrations were lower in patients with preeclampsia than in those with normal pregnancies (P<0.001 and P=0.01, respectively); 2) patients with preeclampsia had a lower HMW/total adiponectin ratio (P<0.001) and higher MMW/total adiponectin and LMW/total adiponectin ratios than those with a normal pregnancy (P<0.001 and P=0.009, respectively); 3) the presence of preeclampsia was independently associated with lower maternal serum HMW adiponectin concentrations (P=0.001) and with a low HMW/total adiponectin ratio (P<0.001) after correction for maternal age, maternal BMI, the difference in BMI between the third and the first trimester, and gestational age at sampling; and 4) overweight/obese pregnant women had a lower median total and HMW adiponectin concentration than normal weight pregnant women among women with normal pregnancies, but not among those with preeclampsia. 1) Preeclampsia is associated with a lower median concentration of the HMW adiponectin isoform, the most active form of this adipokine, and a low HMW/total adiponectin ratio, a specific marker of adiponectin biologic activity; 2) in contrast to normal pregnancy, preeclampsia is not associated with decreased circulating adiponectin multimers in overweight/obese individuals suggesting altered regulation of this adipokine in preeclampsia; 3) collectively, these findings suggest that preeclampsia is characterized by alterations in adiponectin multimers and their relative distribution implying a role for adiponectin multimers in the mechanism of disease in preeclampsia.
    Journal of Perinatal Medicine 04/2009; 37(4):349-63. · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adipose tissue has now emerged as a powerful endocrine organ via the production of adipokines. Visfatin, a novel adipokine with diabetogenic and immuno-modulatory properties has been implicated in the pathophysiology of insulin resistance in patients with obesity and Type-2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to determine whether there are changes in the maternal plasma concentration of visfatin with advancing gestation and as a function of maternal weight. In this cross-sectional study, maternal plasma concentrations of visfatin were determined in normal weight and overweight/obese pregnant women in the following gestational age groups: 1) 11-14 weeks (n=52); 2) 19-26 weeks (n=68); 3) 27-34 weeks (n=93); and 4) >37 weeks (n=60). Visfatin concentrations were determined by ELISA. Non parametric statistics were used for analysis. 1) The median maternal plasma visfatin concentration was higher in pregnant women between 19-26 weeks of gestation than that of those between 11-14 weeks of gestation (P<0.01) and those between 27-34 weeks of gestation (P<0.01); 2) among normal weight pregnant women, the median plasma visfatin concentrations of women between 19-26 weeks of gestation was higher than that of those between 11-14 weeks (P<0.01) and those between 27-34 weeks (P<0.01); and 3) among overweight/obese patients, the median maternal visfatin concentration was similar between the different gestational age groups. The median maternal plasma concentration of visfatin peaks between 19-26 and has a nadir between 27-34 weeks of gestation. Normal and overweight/obese pregnant women differed in the pattern of changes in circulating visfatin concentrations as a function of gestational age.
    Journal of Perinatal Medicine 02/2009; 37(3):206-17. · 1.95 Impact Factor
  • American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - AMER J OBSTET GYNECOL. 01/2009; 201(6).

Publication Stats

504 Citations
57.65 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2010–2011
    • National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
      Maryland, United States
  • 2008–2011
    • Wayne State University
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Detroit, Michigan, United States
  • 2008–2010
    • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
      • Division of Intramural Research (DIR)
      Maryland, United States