Frank Makowiec

Universitätsklinikum Freiburg, Freiburg an der Elbe, Lower Saxony, Germany

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Publications (137)584.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: An increasing incidence of adenocarcinoma, a modified surgical strategy and the increasing use of multimodal therapeutic protocols have had a major impact on the surgical treatment of esophageal cancer during the last 3 decades.
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by an aggressive biology and poor prognosis. Experimental evidence has suggested a role for the transcriptional repressor Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) in epithelial-mesenchymal transition, invasion, and metastasis in PDAC. ZEB1 expression has been observed in cancer cells as well as stromal fibroblasts. Our study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of ZEB1 expression in PDAC tissue.
    Surgery 07/2014; 156(1):97-108. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hospital and surgeon volume are potential factors influencing postoperative mortality and morbidity after pancreatic resection. Data on perioperative outcome of individual surgeons in different institutions, however, are scarce. We evaluated the perioperative outcome after pancreatic head resections (PHR) performed by a high-volume pancreatic surgeon in a high-volume university department and (later) in a community hospital with low prior experience in major pancreatic surgery.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 06/2014; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a retrospective study we analyzed the impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CTx) with the PELF - protocol (Cisplatin, Epirubicin, Leukovorin, 5-Fluoruracil) on mortality, recurrence and prognosis of patients with advanced gastric carcinoma, UICC stages Ib-III. 64 patients were included. 26 patients received neoadjuvant CTx followed by surgical resection, 38 received surgical resection only. Tumor staging was performed by endoscopy, endosonography, computed tomography and laparoscopy. Patients staged Ib - III received two cycles of CTx according to the PELF-protocol. Adjuvant chemotherapy was not performed at all. Complete (CR) or partial response (PR) was seen in 20 patients (77%), 19% showing CR and 58% PR. No benefit was observed in 6 patients (23%). Two of these 6 patients displayed tumor progression during CTx. Major toxicity was defined as grade 3 to 4 neutropenia or gastrointestinal side effects. One patient died under CTx because of neutropenia and was excluded from the overall patient collective. The curative resection rate was 77% after CTx and 74% after surgery only. The perioperative morbidity rate after CTx was 39% versus 66% after resection only. Recurrence rate after CTx was 38% and 61% after surgery alone; we detected an effective reduction of locoregional recurrence (12% vs. 26%). The overall survival was 38% after CTx and 42% after resection only. The 5-year survival rates were 45% in responders, 20% in non - responders and 42% in only resected patients. A subgroup analysis indicates that responders with stage III tumors may benefit with respect to their 5-year survival in comparable patients without neoadjuvant CTx. As to be expected, non-responders with stage III tumors did not benefit with respect to their survival. The 5-year-survival was approximated using a Kaplan-Meier curve and compared using a log-rank test. In patients with advanced gastric carcinoma, neoadjuvant CTx with the PELF- protocol significantly reduces the recurrence rate, especially locoregionally, compared to surgery alone. In our study, there was no overall survival benefit after a 5-year follow-up period. Alone a subgroup of patients with stage III tumors appear to benefit significantly in the long term from neoadjuvant CTx.
    BMC Surgery 01/2014; 14(1):5. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postpancreatectomy hemorrhage is a rare but often severe complication after pancreatic resection. The aim of this retrospective study was to define incidence and risk factors of postpancreatectomy hemorrhage and to evaluate treatment options and outcome. Clinical data was extracted from a prospectively maintained database. Descriptive statistics, univariate and multivariate risk factor analysis by binary logistic regression were performed with SPSS software at a significance level of p = 0.05. N = 1,082 patients with pancreatic resections between 1994 and 2012 were included. Interventional angiography was successful in about half of extraluminal bleeding. A total of 78 patients (7.2 %) had postpancreatectomy hemorrhage (PPH), and 29 (2.7 %) were grade C PPH. Multivariate modeling disclosed a learning effect, age, BMI, male sex, intraoperative transfusion, portal venous and multivisceral resection, pancreatic fistula and preoperative biliary drainage as independent predictors of severe postpancreatectomy hemorrhage. High-risk histopathology, age, transfusion, pancreatic fistula, postpancreatectomy hemorrhage and pancreatojejunostomy in pancreatoduodenectomies were independent predictors of mortality. Our study identifies clinically relevant risk factors for postpancreatectomy hemorrhage and mortality. Interventional treatment of extraluminal hemorrhage is successful in about half of the cases and if unsuccessful constitutes a valuable adjunct to operative hemostasis. Based on our observations, we propose a treatment scheme for PPH. Risk factor analysis suggests appropriate patient selection especially for extended resections and pancreatogastrostomy for reconstruction in pancreatoduodenectomy.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 01/2014; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by an aggressive biology and poor prognosis. Experimental evidence has suggested a role for the transcriptional repressor ZEB1 in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), invasion and metastasis in PDAC. ZEB1 expression has been observed in cancer cells as well as stromal fibroblasts. Our study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of ZEB1 expression in PDAC tissue. Methods Patient baseline and follow-up data was extracted from a prospectively maintained database. After clinicopathological re-review, serial sliced tissue slides were immunostained for ZEB1, E-Cadherin, Vimentin and Pan-Cytokeratin. ZEB1 expression in cancer cells and adjacent stromal fibroblasts was graded separately and correlated to routine histopathological parameters and survival after resection. Results N=117 cases of PDAC were included in the study. High ZEB1 expression in cancer cells and in stromal cancer associated fibroblasts (CAF) was significantly associated with poor prognosis. There was also a trend for poor prognosis with a lymph node ratio of over 0.10. In line with its role as an inducer of EMT, ZEB1 expression in cancer cells was positively correlated with Vimentin expression and negatively with E-Cadherin expression. In multivariate analysis, stromal ZEB1 expression grade was the only independent factor of survival after resection. Conclusions Our data suggest that ZEB1 expression in cancer cells as well as in stromal fibroblasts are strong prognostic factors in PDAC. Stromal ZEB1 expression is identified for the first time as an independent predictor of survival after resection of PDAC. This observation suggests that therapies targeting ZEB1 and its downstream pathways could hit both cancer cells and supporting CAF.
    Surgery 01/2014; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The study was done to compare treatment and long-term outcomes of neoadjuvant chemoradiation (neoCRT) and perioperative chemotherapy (periCTX) in patients with surgically treated esophageal adenocarcinoma. An analysis of 105 patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma undergoing neoCRT (n = 58) or periCTX (n = 47) and esophagectomy between 2000 and 2012 was carried out. The overall median survival was 5.97 years. Postoperative morbidity and in-hospital mortality occurred in 74%/7% of the patients the neoCRT group and in 53%/0% of the patients in the periCTX group (P = 0.03/P = 0.08). Total or subtotal histological tumor response after neoadjuvant treatment and esophagectomy was found in 59% after neoCRT and 30% after periCTX (P < 0.01). Three- and five-year survival rates were 52%/45% for neoCRT and 68%/63% for periCTX (P = 0.05). PeriCTX was identified as an independent predictor of survival (RR2.6; 95% CI 1.3-5.1; P < 0.01). A higher rate of histologic response to neoCRT compared to histologic response following the preoperative cycles of periCTX does not translate to a benefit in overall survival. PeriCTX offers a decreased incidence of treatment-related morbidity and mortality and at least equal results in terms of survival compared to neoCRT in patients with locally advanced esophageal adenocarcinoma. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 11/2013; · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with liver cirrhosis have an increased risk of postoperative mortality. In addition, cirrhotic patients per se have a reduced life expectancy. Little is known about the combined effect of these factors on long-term outcomes after surgery. We thus evaluated early -and long-term survival in patients with cirrhosis who underwent abdominal surgery. We evaluated 30- and 90-day mortality as well as long-term survival after 212 general surgical procedures performed in 194 patients with liver cirrhosis. Risk factors for early and late mortality were assessed by uni- and multivariate methods. To avoid multicollinearity of data, different models (Child Turcotte Pugh [CTP], model for end-stage liver disease [MELD], or American Society of Anesthesiologists [ASA] score) were used in multivariate analysis. The 30- and 90-day mortality rates were 20% and 30%, respectively. CTP, MELD, and ASA were all independently associated with 30- and 90-day mortality. Although emergency operations and intraoperative transfusions independently influenced 30-day mortality, 90-day mortality also was influenced by the extent of the procedure and thrombocytopenia. Survival after surgery (n = 180) was 54% after one and 25% after 5 years (median survival 1.24 years). Long-term survival was independently influenced by CTP, MELD, ASA, hyponatremia, emergency operations, thrombocytopenia, and underlying malignancies. Survival in patients discharged after surgery (n = 140) was 69% after 1 and 33% after 5 years (median survival 2.8 years). Survival after discharge was independently influenced by MELD, CTP, hyponatremia, underlying malignant disease, and (partially) by serum creatinine. The inclusion of serum sodium into MELD scores did not further facilitate prediction of early and late mortality. A high postoperative mortality as well as a strongly reduced survival even after hospital discharge contribute to the very poor life expectancy in patients with liver cirrhosis requiring general surgery. Postoperative outcome is influenced by liver function, comorbidity and "surgical" factors such as the need for blood transfusion and emergent or major operations. However, after hospital discharge, "surgical" factors did not influence survival.
    Surgery 11/2013; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Periampullary adenocarcinomas comprise pancreatic, distal bile duct, ampullary and duodenal adenocarcinoma. The epithelia of these anatomical structures share a common embryologic origin from the foregut. With steadily increasing numbers of pancreatoduodenectomies over the last decades, pathologists, surgeons and oncologists are more often confronted with the diagnosis of "other than pancreatic" periampullary cancers. The intestinal subtype of ampullary cancer has been shown to correlate with better prognosis. Histological subtype and immunohistochemical staining pattern for CK7, CK20 and CDX2 were assessed for n = 198 cases of pancreatic ductal, distal bile duct, ampullary and duodenal adenocarcinoma with clinical follow-up. Routine pathological parameters were included in survival analysis performed with SPSS 20. In univariate analysis, intestinal subtype was associated with better survival in ampullary, pancreatic ductal and duodenal adenocarcinoma. The intestinal type of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma was not associated with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm and could not be reliably diagnosed by immunohistochemical staining pattern alone. Intestinal differentiation and lymph node ratio, but not tumor location were independent predictors of survival when all significant predictor variables from univariate analysis (grade, TNM stage, presence of precursor lesions, surgical margin status, perineural, vascular and lymphatic vessel invasion, CK7 and CDX2 staining pattern) were included in a Cox proportional hazards model. Intestinal type differentiation and lymph node ratio but not tumor location are independent prognostic factors in pooled analysis of periampullary adenocarcinomas. . We conclude that differentiation is more important than tumor location for prognostic stratification in periampullary adenocarcinomas.
    BMC Cancer 09/2013; 13(1):428. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The study was done to determine long-term outcomes of surgically treated esophageal cancer and to identify trends in epidemiology, oncological therapy, and oncological prognosis over the last two decades. METHODS: Overall survival in 304 patients undergoing esophagectomy was analyzed. Fifty-three percent had squamous cell carcinoma and 46 % had adenocarcinoma (AC). A total of 161 patients received neoadjuvant chemoradiation, 38 received neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and 105 were treated with surgery alone. RESULTS: Median survival (MS) increased significantly from 18.0 months (1988-1994) to 26.6 months (1995-2001) and to 59.3 months (2002-2011; p < 0.001). The proportion of AC (22 vs 35 vs 65 %; p < 0.001) and the proportion of patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy (neoT; 15.9 vs 85.3 vs 77.8 %; p < 0.001) increased during the treatment period. After neoT, a beneficial outcome with a MS of 45.6 vs. 20.4 months (p = 0.003) was found. Lymph node ratio [LNR; relative risk (RR), 5.4; p < 0.001], response to neoT (RR, 1.6; p < 0.004), and histological subtype (RR, 1.7; p < 0.003) were identified as independent parameters of survival. CONCLUSION: Since 1988, the outcome of surgically resected esophageal cancer strongly improved. Besides tumorbiological factors like histological type and LNR, the outcome is also affected by the increasing use of neoT towards favorable survival rates.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 05/2013; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Although advances in multimodal treatment have led to prolongation of survival in patients after resection of colorectal liver metastasis (CRC-LM), most patients develop recurrence, which is often confined to the liver. Repeat hepatic resection (RHR) may prolong survival or even provide cure in selected patients. We evaluated the perioperative and long-term outcomes after RHR for CRC-LM in a single institution series. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Since 1999, 92 repeat hepatic resections (63 % wedge/segmental, 37 % hemihepatectomy or greater) for recurrent CRC-LM were performed in 80 patients. Median interval from initial liver resection to first RHR was 1.25 years. Any kind of chemotherapy (CTx) had been given in 88 % before RHR. Neoadjuvant CTx was given in 38 %. RESULTS: Hepatic margin-negative resection was achieved in 79 %. Mortality was 3.8 %. Overall complication rates were 53 %, including infection (17 %), operative re-intervention (12 %), and hepatic failure (5.4 %). Overall 5-year survival after first RHR was 50.3 %. Univariately, primary tumor stage, the extent of liver resection, postoperative complications, and the overall resection margin correlated with survival. By multivariate analysis, primary T stage, size of metastasis, and overall R0 resection influenced survival. Survival was not independently influenced by hepatic resection margins or (neoadjuvant) CTx. CONCLUSIONS: Repeat hepatic resection for recurrent CRC-LM can be performed with low mortality and acceptable morbidity. Survival after repeat hepatic resection in this selected group of patients is encouraging and comparable to results after first liver resections.
    International Journal of Colorectal Disease 03/2013; · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Pancreatic fistulas are relevant in perioperative outcome, morbidity and mortality after pancreatic head resection. We analysed the potential benefit of an internal pancreatic duct draining technique by a resorbable monofilament suture if performing a two-layer duct-to-mucosa pancreatojejunostomy. Patients and Methods: From 2006 to 2010, 139 pancreatic head resections were performed in our department (124 pylorus-preserving, 15 Whipple). Indications for surgery were malignancies (n = 97), chronic pancreatitis (n = 24) or others (n = 18). In 64 cases, internal drainage of the pancreatic anastomosis was performed as described. Perioperative results were evaluated by the ISGPF classification (International Study Group for Pancreatic Fistula, type A-C) and Accordion classification (degree 1-6). Results: Pancreatic anastomosis was performed in 99 cases as pancreatojejunostomy and in 41 cases as pancreatogastrostomy. Morbidity (Accordion 1-6) was 48 %, and mortality was 5.8 %. Pancreatic fistulas (A-C) occurred in 27 (19.4 %) cases. Only one patient died as a direct consequence of a pancreatic fistula (type C fistula after pylorus-preserving pancreatic head resection and pancreatogastrostomy). In the subgroup of patients with a two-layer duct-to-mucosa pancreatojejunostomy with internal pancreatic duct drainage by a resorbable monofilament suture (n = 64), a pancreatic fistula occurred in 20.3 % (n = 13). According to the ISGPF classification, they were type A (n = 10), type B (n = 2) and type C fistulas (n = 1). In this subgroup with pancreatic duct drainage, morbidity (Accordion 1-6) was 55 % (n = 35) and mortality (Accordion 6) was 6.2 % (n = 4). Complications due to the pancreatic duct drainage were not observed. Conclusion: Internal drainage of the duct-to-mucosa pancreatojejunostomy using monofilament suture material is a safe and feasible method. Pancreatic fistula occurred in 20 % both in the entire group as well as in subgroups with or without pancreatic duct drainage. A reduction of the rate of pancreatic fistula could not be achieved by internal drainage of the pancreatojejunostomy.
    Zentralblatt für Chirurgie 12/2012; 137(6):575-579. · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Individualization of operations for chronic pancreatitis (CP) offers tailored operative approaches for the management of complications of CP. For the management of the inflammatory head mass and its complications, duodenum-preserving procedures (Frey and Beger operations) compete in efficacy and quality of life with pancreatoduodenectomy procedures (PPPD and Whipple operations). Our aim was to compare the short- and long-term results of duodenum-preserving and duodenum-resecting techniques in a prospective, randomized trial. Eighty-five patients with CP were randomized to undergo either pylorus-preserving (PPPD) or duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR). Perioperative and long term results were evaluated. Although the duodenum-preserving operations had a lesser median operating time (360 vs 435 minutes; P = .002), there were no differences in the need for intraoperative blood transfusion (76% vs 79%) or the duration of hospital stay (13 vs 14 days). Postoperative complications in general (33% vs 30%), surgical complications (21% vs 23%), and severe complications such as pancreatic leakage (10% vs 5%) or the need for reoperation (2% vs 2%) did not differ between the DPPHR and the PPPD groups, and there was no mortality (0%). The long-term outcome after a median of >5 years showed no differences between the DPPHR and PPPD regarding quality of life, pain control (67% vs 67%), endocrine status (45% vs 44%), and exocrine insufficiency (76% vs 61%). Both types of pancreatic head resections are equally effective in pain relief and eventual quality of life after long-term follow-up (>5 years) without differences in endocrine or exocrine function.
    Surgery 09/2012; 152(3 Suppl 1):S95-S102. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze risk factors for postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) rate after distal pancreatic resection (DPR). We performed a retrospective analysis of 126 DPRs during 16 years. The primary endpoint was clinically relevant pancreatic fistula. Over the years, there was an increasing rate of operations in patients with a high-risk pancreas and a significant change in operative techniques. POPF was the most prominent factor for perioperative morbidity. Significant risk factors for pancreatic fistula were high body mass index (BMI) [odds ratio (OR) = 1.2 (CI: 1.1-1.3), P = 0.001], high-risk pancreatic pathology [OR = 3.0 (CI: 1.3-7.0), P = 0.011] and direct closure of the pancreas by hand suture [OR = 2.9 (CI: 1.2-6.7), P = 0.014]. Of these, BMI and hand suture closure were independent risk factors in multivariate analysis. While hand suture closure was a risk factor in the low-risk pancreas subgroup, high BMI further increased the fistula rate for a high-risk pancreas. We propose a risk-adapted and indication-adapted choice of the closure method for the pancreatic remnant to reduce pancreatic fistula rate.
    World journal of gastrointestinal surgery. 05/2012; 4(5):114-20.
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    ABSTRACT: Adjuvant chemotherapy for 6 months is the current standard of care after potentially curative resection of pancreatic cancer and yields an overall survival of 15-20 months. Early tumor recurrence before or during adjuvant chemotherapy has not been evaluated so far. These patients may not benefit from adjuvant treatment. Thirty-five patients with resection of ductal pancreatic carcinoma and adjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine were analyzed between 2005 and 2007. All patients had a computed tomography (CT) scan before and during adjuvant chemotherapy after 2-3 months, 12/35 patients had a histologically confirmed R1 resection. Recurrence of pancreatic cancer was determined by CT scan and the clinical course. Median survival of 35 patients with resected pancreatic cancer was 19.7 months, and the 2-year survival was 44%. Thirteen (37%) of the 35 patients analyzed with a CT scan showed tumor recurrence during adjuvant chemotherapy. Overall survival of patients with tumor recurrence was 9.3 months with a 2-year survival rate of 13%, whereas median overall survival of patients without early relapse was 26.3 months (P<0.001). Local recurrence of pancreatic cancer occurred in 38% (5/13); 46% (6/13) of patients developed distant metastasis, and 38% (5/13) developed lymph node metastasis. Early tumor recurrence during or adjuvant chemotherapy did not correlate with R status (R1 vs R0, P=0.69), whereas histologically confirmed lymph node invasion (pN0 vs pN1) and grading showed a statistically significant correlation with early relapse (P<0.05). A significant fraction of patients with resected pancreatic cancer have early relapse during adjuvant chemotherapy, especially those with lymph node metastasis. Radiologic examinations prior to and during adjuvant chemotherapy will help to identify patients with tumor recurrence who are unlikely to benefit from adjuvant treatment and will need individualized palliative chemotherapy.
    Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2012; 18(2):118-21. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer is a highly aggressive disease with poor survival. The only effective therapy offering long-term survival is complete surgical resection. In the setting of nonmetastatic disease, locally advanced tumors constitute a technical challenge to the surgeon and may result in margin-positive resection margins. Few studies have evaluated the implications of the latter in depth. The aim of this study was to compare the margin-positive situation to palliative bypass procedures and margin-negative resections in terms of perioperative and long-term outcome. By retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained data from 360 patients operated for pancreatic cancer at our institution, we provide evidence that margin-positive resection still yields a significant survival benefit over palliative bypass procedures. At the same time, perioperative severe morbidity and mortality are not significantly increased. Our observations suggest that pancreatic cancer should be resected whenever technically feasible, including, cases of locally advanced disease.
    ISRN surgery. 01/2012; 2012:513241.
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of chemotherapy (CTx) on morbidity after liver resection for colorectal metastases (CRC-LM) has been increasingly investigated during recent years. Biologic agents like bevacizumab (BEV) or cetuximab (CET) are now added as "targeted therapy" (TT), also in neoadjuvant settings. Initial series could demonstrate the safety of those regimens in liver resection but data are still scarce. We evaluated the impact of CTx with BEV or CET (CTx + TT) on perioperative morbidity and mortality. Two hundred thirty-seven patients who underwent liver resections for CRC-LM after chemotherapy before surgery since 1999 were included. One hundred eighty-five patients (78%) had preoperative CTx regimen without biologic agents (fluoropyrimidine-, oxaliplatin-, or irinotecan-based) and 52 (22%) had CTx + TT (39 BEV, 11 CET, 2 CET/BEV). After preoperative CTx + TT, a time interval of at least 4-6 weeks and a residual liver volume of >35% before surgery were required. Hemihepatectomy or more was performed in about half of the patients. The median amount of intraoperatively transfused blood was 0 ml in both groups (p = 0.34). Overall mortality was 1.7% and slightly elevated in patients with CTx + TT (3.8% vs. 1.1%, p = 0.17). Any complication occurred in (CTx + TT vs. CTx) 52% and 46%, respectively (p = 0.47). The rates of liver failure (9.6% vs. 9.7%, p = 0.98), infectious complications such as wound infection (19% vs. 16%, p = 0.62) and abdominal abscess (8% vs. 6.5%, p = 0.71), as well as the rate of relaparotomies (11.5% vs. 7.0%, p = 0.29) showed no significant differences between the groups with TT or without. In multivariate analyses, neither type nor duration of CTx nor the time interval between CTx and surgery showed any influence on complication rates. Our data confirm the safety of targeted therapy before liver resection for CRC-LM. This effect may in part be due to our treatment policy (time interval to resection and residual liver volume) after intensive preoperative CTx.
    International Journal of Colorectal Disease 12/2011; 27(5):635-45. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Während die Pankreasschwanzresektion sicher und routiniert in zahlreichen Institutionen praktiziert wird, wurden laparoskopische Pankreaskopfresektionen nur von sehr wenigen Chirurgen weltweit und bisher nicht in Deutschland durchgeführt. Patienten und Methodik Wir berichten über erste Erfahrungen nach 9 laparoskopischen pyloruserhaltenden Pankreaskopfresektionen (lap-PPPD) von März 2010 bis September 2010. Diese erfolgten als Hybrid-Operation mit kompletter laparoskopischer Resektion und Rekonstruktion mittels Pankreatogastrostomie über den Bergeschnitt. Parameter zum perioperativen Verlauf wurden mit 605 offenen Pankreaskopfresektionen (1997–2010) verglichen. Ergebnisse In der Gruppe der lap-PPPD mussten aus onkologischen Gründen bei 3 der 9 Operationen Konversionen durchgeführt werden. Bezüglich der perioperativen Parameter zeigten sich keine signifikanten Unterschiede zwischen offener und lap-PPPD. Schlussfolgerung Die laparoskopische Pankreaskopfresektion mit offener Hybrid-Rekonstruktion über den Bergeschnitt verbindet die potenziellen Vorteile einer laparoskopischen Resektion mit der Sicherheit einer offen durchgeführten Pankreasanastomose und kann bereits zu Beginn der Lernkurve ohne Zugeständnisse an Sicherheit oder Operationsdauer durchgeführt werden.
    Der Chirurg 08/2011; · 0.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Whereas pancreatic tail resection is routinely and safely performed in several institutions, laparoscopic resection of the pancreatic head is only performed by a handful of surgeons worldwide, none of them in Germany. We review our experience with 9 laparoscopic pancreatic head resections (lap-PPPD) performed between March and September 2010. The operations were performed using a hybrid approach with complete laparoscopic pylorus-preserving pancreatic head resection and successive reconstruction via a small retrieval incision. Perioperative outcome was compared to 605 open pancreatic head resections (1997-2010). In the group lap-PPPD 3 out of 9 conversions had to be performed due to oncologic reasons. There were no significant differences in perioperative outcome when comparing open-PPPD to lap-PPPD. Laparoscopic pancreatic head resection with hybrid open reconstruction combines the potential advantages of laparoscopic resection with the safety of an open pancreatic anastomosis. Even at the beginning of the learning curve the procedure can be performed with no concessions to safety or duration of the operation.
    Der Chirurg 02/2011; 82(8):691-7. · 0.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic resections in specialized centers are associated with low mortality, however, still with high morbidity. The complication rate can be reduced by long-term experience in high volume centers. In this study the influence of complications on costs in the German DRG system were analyzed. Data regarding operation time, hospital stay, complications and costs of 36 patients undergoing pancreatic head resection in the years 2005 and 2006 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Statistical analysis was performed using the Mann-Whitney U-test. A p-value of p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Postoperative complications caused an increase in the duration of hospital stay from a median of 16 (range 11-38) to 33 (10-69) days. Costs, especially for ICU treatment and radiographic diagnostics, rose significantly. The average overall costs were 10,015 EUR (range 8,099-14,785 EUR) in patients without complications (n = 21) and 15,340 EUR (9,368-31,418 EUR) in patients with complications (n = 15). In contrast, according to the German DRG system 13,835 EUR (10,441-15,062 EUR) and 15,062 EUR (10,441-33,217 EUR) were refunded on average, respectively. This case-cost calculation proves that pancreatic surgery in the context of the German DRG system can only be performed economically neutral in centers with low complications rates. The concentration of pancreatic surgery to centers with low complications rates, namely high volume centers, must be recommended from an economic point of view.
    Der Chirurg 02/2011; 82(2):154-9. · 0.52 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
584.61 Total Impact Points


  • 2007–2014
    • Universitätsklinikum Freiburg
      • • Clinic of General and Visceral Surgery
      • • Institute of Pathology
      Freiburg an der Elbe, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2004–2014
    • University of Freiburg
      • Institute of Psychology
      Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2002
    • St. Franziskus-Hospital
      Köln, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 1998
    • University of Rostock
      Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
  • 1990–1997
    • University of Tuebingen
      • Department of General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery
      Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany