Satoshi Kunita

Central Institute for Experimental Animals, Kawasaki Si, Kanagawa, Japan

Are you Satoshi Kunita?

Claim your profile

Publications (24)83.9 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) is a congenital abnormality of the brain structure. More than 60 genes are known to be involved in corpus callosum development. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying ACC are not fully understood. Previously, we produced a novel transgenic mouse strain, TAS, carrying genes of the tetracycline-inducible expression system that are not involved in brain development, and inherited ACC was observed in the brains of all homozygous TAS mice. Although ACC was probably induced by transgene insertion mutation, the causative gene and the molecular mechanism of its pathogenesis remain unclear. Here, we first performed interphase three-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis to determine the genomic insertion site. Transgenes were inserted into chromosome 18 ∼12.0 Mb from the centromere. Gene expression analysis and genomic PCR walking showed that the genomic region containing exon 4 of Cables1 was deleted by transgene insertion and the other exons of Cables1 were intact. The mutant allele was designated as Cables1(TAS). Interestingly, Cables1(TAS) mRNA consisted of exons 1-3 of Cables1 and part of the transgene that encoded a novel truncated Cables1 protein. Homozygous TAS mice exhibited mRNA expression of Cables1(TAS) in the fetal cerebrum, but not that of wild-type Cables1. To investigate whether a dominant negative effect of Cables1(TAS) or complete loss of function of Cables1 gives rise to ACC, we produced Cables1-null mutant mice. ACC was not observed in Cables1-null mutant mice, suggesting that a dominant negative effect of Cables1(TAS) impairs callosal formation. Moreover, ACC frequency in Cables1(+/TAS) mice was significantly lower than that in Cables1(-/TAS) mice, indicating that wild-type Cables1 interfered with the dominant negative effect of Cables1(TAS). This study indicated that truncated Cables1 causes ACC and wild-type Cables1 contributes to callosal formation.Laboratory Investigation advance online publication, 16 December 2013; doi:10.1038/labinvest.2013.146.
    Laboratory Investigation 12/2013; · 3.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pregnancy-induced hypertension or pre-eclampsia is a major disorder that may result in serious complications for the mother and fetus. It is characterized from maternal hypertension in late pregnancy and peripheral tissue damage, including kidney, heart and placenta, and the fetus suffers from intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and high perinatal mortality. Recently, it has been postulated that angiotensin II (Ang II), a potent vasoconstrictor in the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia; however, the beneficial effect of the suppression of RAS has not yet been fully elucidated. Previously, we generated a transgenic mouse model that developed pregnancy-associated hypertension (PAH) by the overproduction of Ang II in maternal circulation during late pregnancy. In addition, mice with PAH exhibited maternal and fetal abnormalities, such as proteinuria, cardiac hypertrophy, placental morphological changes and IUGR. In this study, in order to attenuate the activity of redundant RAS during the advanced stages of PAH, we administered olmesartan (Olm), an angiotensin receptor blocker, and captopril (Cp), an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, from E17 to E19 days of gestation, and evaluated its effect on cardiac and placental abnormalities and fetal growth. Olm and Cp administration significantly lowered the blood pressure of mice with PAH, and placental histological change and severe IUGR were markedly ameliorated in both groups. On the contrary, Olm or Cp treatment had little effect on cardiac remodeling during the advanced stages of PAH. These findings highlight a variety of therapeutic actions of RAS repression on the progressive pathology of PAH in mice.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 04/2012; 6(1):28-32. · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Heparan sulfate endosulfatases Sulf1 and Sulf2 hydrolyze 6-O-sulfate in heparan sulfate, thereby regulating cellular signaling. Previous studies have revealed that Sulfs act predominantly on UA2S-GlcNS6S disaccharides and weakly on UA-GlcNS6S disaccharides. However, the specificity of Sulfs and their role in sulfation patterning of heparan sulfate in vivo remained unknown. Here, we performed disaccharide analysis of heparan sulfate in Sulf1 and Sulf2 knock-out mice. Significant increases in ΔUA2S-GlcNS6S were observed in the brain, small intestine, lung, spleen, testis, and skeletal muscle of adult Sulf1(-/-) mice and in the brain, liver, kidney, spleen, and testis of adult Sulf2(-/-) mice. In addition, increases in ΔUA-GlcNS6S were seen in the Sulf1(-/-) lung and small intestine. In contrast, the disaccharide compositions of chondroitin sulfate were not primarily altered, indicating specificity of Sulfs for heparan sulfate. For Sulf1, but not for Sulf2, mRNA expression levels in eight organs of wild-type mice were highly correlated with increases in ΔUA2S-GlcNS6S in the corresponding organs of knock-out mice. Moreover, overall changes in heparan sulfate compositions were greater in Sulf1(-/-) mice than in Sulf2(-/-) mice despite lower levels of Sulf1 mRNA expression, suggesting predominant roles of Sulf1 in heparan sulfate desulfation and distinct regulation of Sulf activities in vivo. Sulf1 and Sulf2 mRNAs were differentially expressed in restricted types of cells in organs, and consequently, the sulfation patterns of heparan sulfate were locally and distinctly altered in Sulf1 and Sulf2 knock-out mice. These findings indicate that Sulf1 and Sulf2 differentially contribute to the generation of organ-specific sulfation patterns of heparan sulfate.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/2012; 287(12):9579-90. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Physiological alterations occur in many organ systems during pregnancy. These changes are necessary for the adaptation to pregnancy-specific physiological processes in mother and fetus, and the placenta plays a critical role in the maintenance of homeostasis in pregnancy. Dysregulation of these functional feto-maternal interactions leads to severe complications. There have been many attempts to create animal models that mimic the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, especially pre-eclampsia. In this review, we summarize the physiology of pregnancy and placental function, and discuss the placental gene expression in normal pregnancy. In addition, we assess a number of established animal models focusing on a specific pathogenic mechanism of pre-eclampsia, including genetically modified mouse models involving the renin-angiotensin system. Validation of these animal models would contribute significantly to understanding the basic principles of pregnancy-associated homeostasis and the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia.
    Journal of Biochemistry 05/2011; 150(1):5-14. · 3.07 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We describe a new microsphere-based multiplex fluorescent immunoassay (MFI) using recombinant mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) proteins to detect antibodies to coronaviruses in mouse and rat sera. All the recombinant proteins, including nucleocapsid (N) and 3 subunits of spike protein, S1, S2, and Smid, showed positive reactivity in MFI with mouse antisera to 4 MHV strains (MHV-S, -A59, -JHM, and -Nu67) and rat antiserum to a strain of sialodacryoadenitis virus (SDAV-681). The MFI was evaluated for its diagnostic power, with panels of mouse sera classified as positive or negative for anti-MHV antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using MHV virion antigen and indirect fluorescent antibody assay. The reactivities of 236 naturally infected mouse sera were examined; 227 samples were positive by MFI using S2 antigen (96% sensitivity), and 208 samples were positive using N antigen (88% sensitivity). Based on the assessment by MFI using the S2 and N antigens, only 3 serum samples showed double-negative results, indicating a false-negative rate of 1.3%. In 126 uninfected mouse sera, including 34 ELISA false-positive sera, only 7 samples showed false-positive results by MFI using either the S2 or N antigen (94% specificity). Similarly, the S2 and N antigen-based MFI was 98% sensitive and 100% specific in detecting anticoronavirus antibodies in rat sera. Thus, this MFI-based serologic assay using the S2 and N antigens promises to be a reliable diagnostic method, representing a highly sensitive and specific alternative to traditional ELISA for detection of coronavirus infections in laboratory mouse and rat colonies.
    Clinical and vaccine Immunology: CVI 03/2011; 18(5):758-66. · 2.60 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We found 6 spontaneous mutant mice with long pelage hair in our ICR breeding colony. The abnormal trait was restricted to long hair in these mice, which we named moja. They were fertile and showed the same growth and behavior as wild-type mice. To investigate the manner of the genetic inheritance of the moja allele, offspring were bred by mating the moja mice; all offspring had long pelage hair. Furthermore, we performed a reciprocal cross between moja mice and wild-type ICR mice with normal hair. All offspring exhibited normal hair suggesting an autosomal recessive inheritance of the trait. The moja/moja hair phenotype was maintained in skin grafted onto nude mice, suggesting that circulating or diffusible humoral factors regulating the hair cycle are not involved in the abnormal trait. The phenotype of moja/moja mice is similar to that of Fgf5-deficient mice. Therefore, we examined the expression of Fgf5 by RT-PCR in moja/moja mice. As expected, no Fgf5 expression was found in moja/moja mouse skin. PCR and DNA sequence analyses were performed to investigate the structure of the Fgf5 gene. We found a deletion of a 9.3-kb region in the Fgf5 gene including exon 3 and its 5' and 3' flanking sequences. Interestingly, the genomic deletion site showed insertion of a 498-bp early transposon element long terminal repeat. Taken together, these results suggest that the long hair mutation of moja/moja mice is caused by disruption of Fgf5 mediated by insertion of a retrotransposon.
    Experimental Animals 01/2011; 60(2):161-7. · 1.46 Impact Factor
  • Neuroscience Research - NEUROSCI RES. 01/2011; 71.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) is a congenital abnormality of the brain structure. We have produced transgenic mice expressing both reverse tetracycline-controlled transactivator (rtTA) and transcriptional silencer (tTS) ubiquitously. Although the transgene products do not affect development of the mouse brain, one of the founder lines, TAS, showed ACC, suggesting transgenic disruption of endogenous gene(s). To identify the causative gene and its role in ACC, we performed pathological investigations of the brain and chromosomal mapping of foreign genes in TAS mice. Sixty-two percent of the heterozygous TAS mice showed ACC accompanied with formation of Probst bundles, as seen in human. Complete penetrance of ACC was observed in homozygous TAS mice. Furthermore, homozygous TAS fetuses revealed that ACC is a congenital anomaly. Moreover, axons of the corpus callosum were not repelled by the midline glial structures in TAS mice. These findings suggested that the causative gene for ACC is involved in critical steps in corpus callosum development. Multiple FISH analyses were performed to determine the site of transgene insertion. On 1-color FISH analyses, rtTA and tTS were detected on the A/B region of chromosome 18, suggesting cointegration of the transgenes. On 2-color FISH analyses, tTS signal was observed in a region from 9.3 to 16.9 Mb on chromosome 18. The TAS mice may serve as a useful model to identify a novel gene regulating corpus callosum development and to gain a new insight into molecular genetics of ACC.
    Mammalian Genome 10/2010; 21(11-12):525-33. · 2.42 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As the phenotype of a given single-gene mutation in mice is modulated by the genetic background of the inbred strain, embryonic stem (ES) cells derived from various inbred mouse strains are required to produce gene-targeted mice without the need for backcrossing and for detailed analysis of gene function in vivo. Here, we performed a comparative investigation of the effects of three culture conditions, LIF + KSR/ES medium described previously, High LIF + KSR/ES medium and iSTEM + LIF medium containing three inhibitors of glycogen synthase kinase 3, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase, and fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling (3i), on the establishment of germline-competent ES cells derived from strains BALB/c and NZB mice. The results indicated that LIF + KSR/ES medium was permissive for the derivation of ES cells from NZB mice, which contribute to the somatic lineage in vivo, but not to the germline lineage. In contrast, ES cells that contribute to the makeup of chimeric mice were not propagated from blastocysts of BALB/c mice. Both germline and somatic competency were improved by increased LIF concentration in cultures of BALB/c ES cells, although we failed to establish germline-competent NZB ES cells using the same concentration of LIF. Unexpectedly, iSTEM + LIF medium containing 3i showed a negative effect on the derivation of NZB ES cells with normal chromosome numbers, but not on the maintenance of previously established ES cells. Our findings suggest that the stability of pluripotency in the inner cell mass isolated from blastocyst embryos may differ according to the genetic background of inbred mouse strains, and that although the concentration of LIF is a determinant for authentic pluripotency, including germline and somatic competency in BALB/c ES cells, additional factor(s) are required for commitment to germline lineage independent of somatic lineage in NZB ES cells.
    Cellular reprogramming. 10/2010; 12(6):679-88.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pasteurella pneumotropica is an opportunistic pathogen that causes lethal pneumonia in immunodeficient rodents. The virulence factors of this bacterium remain unknown. In this study, we identified the genes encoding two RTX toxins, designated as pnxI and pnxII, from the genomic DNA of P. pneumotropica ATCC 35149 and characterized with respect to hemolysis. The pnxI operon was organized according to the manner in which the genes encoded the structural RTX toxin (pnxIA), the type I secretion systems (pnxIB and pnxID), and the unknown orf. The pnxII gene was involved only with the pnxIIA that coded for a structural RTX toxin. Both the structural RTX toxins of deduced PnxIA and PnxIIA were involved in seven of the RTX repeat and repeat-like sequences. By quantitative PCR analysis of the structural RTX toxin-encoding genes in P. pneumotropica ATCC 35149, the gene expression of pnxIA was found to have increased from the early log phase, while that of pnxIIA increased from the late log to the early stationary phase. As expressed in Escherichia coli, both the recombinant proteins of PnxIA and PnxIIA showed weak hemolytic activity in both sheep and murine erythrocytes. On the basis of the results of the Southern blotting analysis, the pnxIA gene was detected in 82% of the isolates, while the pnxIIA gene was detected in 39%. These results indicate that the products of both pnxIA and pnxIIA were putative associations of virulence factors in the rodent pathogen P. pneumotropica.
    Journal of bacteriology 05/2009; 191(11):3698-705. · 3.94 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hypothalamic neurons that contain the neuropeptide orexin (hypocretin) play important roles in the regulation of sleep/wake. Here we analyze the in vivo and in vitro phenotype of mice lacking the GABA(B1) gene specifically in orexin neurons (oxGKO mice) and demonstrate that GABA(B) receptors on orexin neurons are essential in stabilizing and consolidating sleep/wake states. In oxGKO brain slices, we show that the absence of GABA(B) receptors decreases the sensitivity of orexin neurons to both excitatory and inhibitory inputs because of augmented GABA(A)-mediated inhibition that increases the membrane conductance and shunts postsynaptic currents in these neurons. This increase in GABA(A)-mediated inhibitory tone is apparently the result of an orexin receptor type 1-mediated activation of local GABAergic interneurons that project back onto orexin neurons. oxGKO mice exhibit severe fragmentation of sleep/wake states during both the light and dark periods, without showing an abnormality in total sleep time or signs of cataplexy. Thus, GABA(B) receptors on orexin neurons are crucial in the appropriate control of the orexinergic tone through sleep/wake states, thereby stabilizing the state switching mechanisms.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 03/2009; 106(11):4459-64. · 9.81 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Selected biochemical and genetic characteristics of the wild-type strains of Pasteurella pneumotropica isolated from mice and rats were investigated and compared in order to determine the significant differences among the isolates. The isolates were divided into six groups on the basis of the patterns of carbon source utilization in the host rodents. The genome sizes were determined by electrophoretic analysis, and the mean genome size of the isolates from mice was larger than that of the isolates from rats (P < 0.05). Cluster analysis of the rpoB sequences discriminated five clusters; the differences might have correlated with the host associations. Principal component analysis (PCA) based on both the biochemical and genetic characteristics revealed total 44 strains discriminated into three groups comprising the host-dependent and host-independent groups. Although the P. pneumotropica isolates were mainly classified on the basis of the host rodents by the examinations, the existence of isolates that could not be discriminated on the basis of the host rodents alone was confirmed by the PCA. These results indicated that the P. pneumotropica isolates could be further classified by taxonomic analysis and also suggested the existence of a host-independent group in addition to the host-dependent groups.
    Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 03/2009; 95(4):311-7. · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • Neuroscience Research - NEUROSCI RES. 01/2009; 65.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells with the C57BL/6 genetic background allow the generation of knockout mice without the need to backcross to C57BL/6. However, C57BL/6 ES cells whose pluripotency after homologous recombination has been confirmed are not yet available from public cell banks. To facilitate the use of ES cells derived from C57BL/6 sublines in both biologic and medical research, we demonstrated that the use of knockout serum replacement as a medium supplement and 8-cell blastomeres as recipient embryos allowed establishment of ES cells and production of germline chimeric mice, respectively. Under effective conditions, a large number of ES cell lines were established from C57BL/6J and C57BL/6N blastocysts. The majority of ES cells in many cell lines obtained from both strains showed a normal chromosome number. Germline chimeric mice were generated from C57BL/6J and C57BL/6N ES cells. Finally, the ES cell line B6J-S1UTR, derived from C57BL/6J, was used for successful production of gene knockout mice. C57BL/6J ES (B6J-S1UTR and B6J-23UTR) and C57BL/6N ES (B6N-22UTR) cells are available from the cell bank of the BioResource Center at RIKEN Tsukuba Institute (http://www.brc.riken.jp/lab/cell/english/).
    Comparative medicine 09/2008; 58(4):347-52. · 1.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Kaede protein is a photoconvertible tracer that emits green fluorescence after synthesis, which changes to stable red fluorescence upon irradiation with violet or UV illumination. This color-change characteristic is a very effective means of optically marking living cells of interest. We established novel embryonic stem (ES) cell lines, B6KED-1 and -2, from C57BL/6J transgenic mouse blastocysts ubiquitously expressing tandem dimeric Kaede (tdKaede) protein. Undifferentiated B6KED-1 and -2 cells showed bright green fluorescence and mRNAs of pluripotent marker genes. Photoconversion of tdKaede protein in undifferentiated and differentiated B6KED cells in vitro occurred upon short-term UV irradiation. B6KED cells completely generated ES cell-derived females on transfer into tetraploid blastomeres. All organs showed strong green emission in the females derived completely from B6KED cells. These novel ES cell lines ubiquitously expressing photoconvertible Kaede protein, B6KED-1 and -2, are useful for basic research in developmental biology and regenerative medicine.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 11/2007; 20(4):439-44. · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to determine and compare the in vitro enrofloxacin susceptibility of 94 Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates obtained from enrofloxacin-treated and untreated mice and that of 40 Pasteurella pneumotropica strains and also to assess the efficacy and effects of enrofloxacin treatment of laboratory mice. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of enrofloxacin against all the Ps. aeruginosa isolates were in the range of 1 to 4 microg/ml, whereas those against all the P. pneumotropica strains were less than 0.5 microg/ml. The mutation frequency in 54% of the Ps. aeruginosa isolates on treatment with enrofloxacin ranged from 10(-6) to 10(-8); however, none of the P. pneumotropica strains could grow on medium containing more than 3 microg/ml enrofloxacin. Comparison of in vitro enrofloxacin susceptibilities suggested that enrofloxacin was effective for eliminating P. pneumotropica but not for eliminating Ps. aeruginosa for which the MIC of enrofloxacin was more than 1 microg/ml. These results indicated that the enrofloxacin susceptibility of P. pneumotropica was higher than that of Ps. aeruginosa, and that the enrofloxacin treatment might not affect the susceptibility of Ps. aeruginosa.
    Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation: official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc 10/2007; 19(5):557-60. · 1.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In a previous study in 15 inbred mouse strains, we found highest and lowest systolic blood pressures in NZO/HILtJ mice (metabolic syndrome) and C3H/HeJ mice (common lean strain), respectively. To identify the loci involved in hypertension in metabolic syndrome, we performed quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis for blood pressure with direction of cross as a covariate in segregating F2 males derived from NZO/HILtJ and C3H/HeJ mice. We detected three suggestive main-effect QTLs affecting systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP). We analyzed the first principle component (PC1) generated from SBP and DBP to investigate blood pressure. In addition to all the suggestive QTLs (Chrs 1, 3, and 8) in SBP and DBP, one suggestive QTL on Chr 4 was found in PC1 in the main scan. Simultaneous search identified two significant epistatic locus pairs (Chrs 1 and 4, Chrs 4 and 8) for PC1. Multiple regression analysis revealed three blood pressure QTLs (Bpq10, 100 cM on Chr 1; Bpq11, 6 cM on Chr 4; Bpq12, 29 cM on Chr 8) accounting for 29.4% of blood pressure variance. These were epistatic interaction QTLs constructing a small network centered on Chr 4, suggesting the importance of genetic interaction for development of hypertension. The blood pressure QTLs on Chrs 1, 4, and 8 were detected repeatedly in multiple studies using common inbred nonobese mouse strains, implying substantial QTL independent of development of obesity and insulin resistance. These results enhance our understanding of complicated genetic factors of hypertension in metabolic diseases.
    Mammalian Genome 09/2007; 18(8):573-83. · 2.42 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nucleotide sequences of mouse parvovirus (MPV) isolate, named MPV/UT, and mouse minute virus (MMV) were analyzed and used for expressing recombinant proteins in E. coli. ELISA tests using recombinant major capsid protein (rVP2) and recombinant major non-structural protein (rNS1) as antigens were developed and their performance in serologic detection of rodent parvovirus infection was assessed. MPV-rVP2 and MMV-rVP2 ELISAs reacted specifically with anti-MPV and anti-MMV mouse sera, respectively. MMV-rNS1 antigen had a wide reaction range with antisera to rodent parvoviruses including MPV, MMV, Kilham rat virus (KRV) and H-1 virus. All mice oronasally infected with MPV were seropositive at 4 weeks post-infection in screening by ELISAs using MPV-rVP2 and MMV-rNS1 antigens, but were negative by conventional ELISA using whole MMV antigen. A contact transmission experiment revealed that transmission of MPV occurred up to 4 weeks post-infection, and all cage mates were seropositive in screening with MPV-rVP2 and MMV-rNS1 ELISAs. These results indicate that MPV-rVP2 and MMV-rVP2 are specific ELISA antigens which distinguish between MPV and MVM infection, while MMV-rNS1 antigen can be used in generic ELISA for a variety of rodent parvoviruses. The higher sensitivity of MPV-rVP2 ELISA than conventional ELISA for detecting seroconversion to MPV in oronasally infected mice as well as in cage mates suggests the usefulness of MPV-rVP2 ELISA in quarantine and microbiological monitoring of MPV infection in laboratory mice.
    Experimental Animals 05/2006; 55(2):117-24. · 1.46 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We characterized murine spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) using a multi-parameter selection strategy, combining Oct4 expression determined by monitoring green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression, and the testicular side population (SP) showing weak fluorescence on Hoechst 33342 dye staining, as markers of stem cell purification. Testicular cells were collected from Oct4/GFP transgenic mice and analyzed using a fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS). SP was detected in testicular cell suspensions at an average rate of 0.10%. Multicolor analysis indicated that 96% of SP cells were negative for Oct4. The cells did not express SSC marker genes, but expressed Bcrp1. While the main population was 93% positive for pyronin Y staining, this was limited to 51% in SP. We found a novel subpopulation with reduced RNA content lacking Oct4 expression in testicular SP. These results suggest that the cells isolated by FACS represent a novel population of SSCs in the G0 quiescent state.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 02/2006; 17(1):21-8. · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dialysis dependency is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world, and once end-stage renal disease develops, it cannot be reversed by currently available therapy. Although administration of large doses of bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) has been shown to repair established renal injury and improve renal function, the pathophysiological role of endogenous BMP-7 and regulatory mechanism of its activities remain elusive. Here we show that the product of uterine sensitization-associated gene-1 (USAG1), a novel BMP antagonist abundantly expressed in the kidney, is the central negative regulator of BMP function in the kidney and that mice lacking USAG-1 (USAG1 mice) are resistant to renal injury. USAG1 mice exhibited prolonged survival and preserved renal function in acute and chronic renal injury models. Renal BMP signaling, assessed by phosphorylation of Smad proteins, was significantly enhanced in USAG1 mice with renal injury, indicating that the preservation of renal function is attributable to enhancement of endogenous BMP signaling. Furthermore, the administration of neutralizing antibody against BMP-7 abolished renoprotection in USAG1 mice, indicating that USAG-1 plays a critical role in the modulation of renoprotective action of BMP and that inhibition of USAG-1 is a promising means of development of novel treatment for renal diseases.
    Journal of Clinical Investigation 02/2006; 116(1):70-9. · 12.81 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

382 Citations
83.90 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011
    • Central Institute for Experimental Animals
      Kawasaki Si, Kanagawa, Japan
  • 2005–2011
    • University of Tsukuba
      • Institute of Basic Medical Sciences
      Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
  • 2007–2009
    • Tokyo Medical University
      • Animal Research Center
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan