[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and specific viral factors have been identified that may increase the risk for HCC development. However, the differences in these viral factors in chronic carriers who seldom develop HCC compared with HCC patients have not been adequately evaluated.
From 1989 to 2005, 101 hepatitis B surface antigen-positive patients presented to our clinic with HCC. Baseline basal core promoter (BCP) T1762/A1764 mutants, precore (PC) A1896 mutants, HBV genotypes and HBV DNA in HCC patients were compared with 67 chronic carriers who had been followed for a mean of 112.1+/-77.7 standard deviation months.
At baseline, HCC patients had lower levels of serum albumin, but higher values of alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, bilirubin and alpha-foetoprotein than those of chronic carriers (P<0.001 for all comparisons). The presence of genotype C, higher frequencies of PC A1896 mutants, BCP T1762/A1764 mutants and higher circulating levels of HBV DNA were more frequently detected in HCC patients than that in chronic carriers (P<0.001 for all observations). Logistic regression analysis revealed that BCP T1762/A1764 mutants [odds ratio (OR) 11.14, 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.05-40.72; P<0.001] and PC A1896 mutants (OR 3.75, 95% CI 1.14-12.34; P<0.05) were significantly associated with HCC development.
Our results indicate that the presence of BCP and PC mutations significantly increases the risk for HCC in chronic hepatitis B patients. These mutations were less often detected in chronic carriers who seldom develop HCC.
Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 01/2007; 27(10):1356-1363. · 3.87 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the demographics, epidemiology, and natural history of chronic hepatitis C in Asian Americans.
This retrospective survey describes 260 Asian Americans with chronic hepatitis C referred to one tertiary center.
Ninety-two percent of patients were born in Asia. Fifty-one percent reported a history of unsafe therapeutic injections, which was a risk factor only in those with exposure outside the United States (p < 0.0001). A history of transfusion was reported in 41% of patients and was more frequent in those with exposure within the Unites States (p < 0.0001). Only 3.8% reported a history of intravenous drug abuse, which was more frequent in those with exposure within the United States (p < 0.0001). Hepatitis C genotype 1 was detected in 64.2% of patients, genotype 2 in 18.3%, and genotype 6 in 11.3%. Genotype 1 had a significantly lower sustained virologic response rate (32.8%) to interferon treatment, compared with genotype 2 (77.8%) or 6 (69.2%). During a mean follow-up of 6 yr, 26 patients developed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Logistic regression model revealed fibrosis stage 4 (odds ratio [OR] 8.87, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.97-26.48, p < 0.0001), age at presentation (55 vs 35 yr--OR 3.45, 95% CI 1.22-9.75, p= 0.0194), and baseline albumin level (3.0 vs 4.0 mg/dL--OR 3.47, 95% CI 1.02-11.76, p= 0.0464) were independent predictive factors for HCC development.
Asian Americans with a history of unsafe therapeutic injections must be screened for chronic hepatitis C. Antiviral treatment should be initiated prior to development of cirrhosis. Surveillance for HCC must be routinely performed in cirrhosis patients.
The American Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2007; 101(12):2737-43. · 7.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To conduct a retrospective study in 400 chronic hepatitis B patients in order to identify hepatitis B viral factors associated with complications of liver disease or development of hepatocellular carcinoma.
The mean follow-up time was 83.6+/-39.6 mo. Alpha-fetoprotein test and abdominal ultrasound were used for cancer surveillance. Hepatitis B basal core promoter mutants, precore mutants, genotypes, hepatitis B viral DNA (HBV DNA) level and hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) were measured. Univariate analysis and logistic regression were used to assess odds ratios for viral factors related to liver deaths and hepatocellular carcinoma development.
During follow-up, 38 patients had liver deaths not related to hepatocellular carcinoma. On multivariate analysis, older age [odds ratio: 95.74 (12.13-891.31); P<0.0001], male sex [odds ratio: 7.61 (2.20-47.95); P=0.006], and higher log10 HBV DNA [odds ratio: 4.69 (1.16-20.43); P<0.0001] were independently predictive for these liver related deaths. Also, 31 patients developed hepatocellular carcinoma. Multivariate analysis showed that older age [odds ratio: 26.51 (2.36-381.47); P=0.007], presence of precore mutants [odds ratio: 4.23 (1.53-19.58); P=0.02] and presence of basal core promoter mutants [odds ratio: 2.93 (1.24-7.57); P=0.02] were independent predictors for progression to hepatocellular carcinoma.
Our results show that high levels of baseline serum HBV DNA are associated with non-hepatocellular carcinoma-related deaths of liver failure, while genetic mutations in the basal core promoter and precore regions are predictive for development of hepatocellular carcinoma.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2006; 12(41):6620-6. · 2.55 Impact Factor