Duk-Kyung Kim

Sungkyunkwan University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (156)394.71 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Compared to open gastrectomy (OG), laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) has improved short-term outcomes and equivalent oncological outcomes. In this study, a potential short-term advantage of LG over OG, reduced risk of emergence agitation, was evaluated.
    Journal of anesthesia. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Hereditary protein S deficiency from a mutation in the PROS1 gene causes a genetic predisposition to develop venous thromboembolic disorders in humans. Recently, the acknowledgment of the clinical significance of large copy number mutations in protein S deficiency has increased. In this study, the authors investigated the genomic architecture of PROS1 in order to understand the microscopic sequence environment leading to large intragenic copy number mutations in the gene. The study subjects were 3 unrelated male patients with hereditary protein S deficiency from a tandem duplication mutation involving exons 5-10 of PROS1. Breakpoint analyses revealed 10-bp microhomology sequences in the intervening sequence (IVS)-4 and IVS-10 at the duplication junction without additional sequence changes, suggesting a single replication-based event as the potential molecular mechanism of rearrangement and founder effect in the mutant alleles. Further analyses on nucleotide sequences flanking the microhomology sequence revealed the presence of a repeat element (LTR-ERV1) and quadruplex-forming G-rich sequences in IVS-4. The results from genotyping multi-allelic short tandem repeats supported founder effect in the identical mutations in the 3 unrelated patients. In conclusion, we identified unique genomic architectures in the intervening sequences of PROS1 that underlie a large intragenic tandem duplication mutation leading to inherited thrombophilia.
    Gene 06/2014; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the normal value of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) according to age group, gender, and the presence of cardiovascular risk factors in healthy Koreans, and to investigate the association between PWV and risk factors such as prehypertension, dyslipidemia, smoking, and obesity. We measured an arterial stiffness in 110 normal subjects who were 20 to 69 yr-old with no evidence of cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular accident or diabetes mellitus. The mean values of baPWV and cfPWV were 12.6 (±2.27) m/sec (13.1±1.85 in men, 12.1±2.51 in women; P=0.019) and 8.70 (±1.99) m/sec (9.34±2.13 in men, 8.15±1.69 in women; P=0.001), respectively. The distribution of baPWV (P<0.001) and cfPWV (P=0.006) by age group and gender showed an increase in the mean value with age. Men had higher baPWV and cfPWV than women (P<0.001). There was a difference in baPWV and cfPWV by age group on prehypertension, dyslipidemia, current smoking, or obesity (P<0.001). In multiple linear regression, age and prehypertension were highly associated with baPWV and cfPWV after adjustment for confounding factors (P<0.001). The present study showed that baPWV and cfPWV are associated with age, gender, and prehypertension in healthy Koreans.
    Journal of Korean medical science. 06/2014; 29(6):798-804.
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    ABSTRACT: Malperfusion syndrome caused by acute type A aortic dissection is associated with high mortality. However, the impact of subclinical malperfusion is not clear. We reviewed surgical outcomes in acute type A dissection for the presence of clinical and subclinical malperfusion. From 1998 to 2012 at Samsung Medical Center, 268 consecutive patients had an emergency operation for acute type A dissection. We divided patients into three groups: clinical, subclinical, and no malperfusion. Clinical malperfusion was identified by signs or symptoms of organ dysfunction (n = 36). Subclinical malperfusion was defined as laboratory evidence of organ hypoperfusion or imaging findings without signs or symptoms (n = 40). Patients with no evidence of malperfusion were defined as having no malperfusion (n = 192). The mean patient age was 57.3 ± 13.8 years, and 141 patients (53%) were women. Antegrade selective cerebral perfusion was used in 213 patients (79%). Total arch replacement was performed in 53 patients (20%). The average cardiopulmonary bypass time was 218.31 ± 72.17 minutes. Early mortality was 8% in all patients, 5% in the no-malperfusion group, 8% in the subclinical malperfusion group, and 25% in the clinical malperfusion group. Overall survival in the clinical malperfusion group was worse than in the subclinical (p = 0.026) and no-malperfusion (p < 0.001) groups. Survival rates in the subclinical and no-malperfusion groups were not different (p = 0.482). On multivariate Cox regression analysis, older age, longer cardiopulmonary bypass time, and clinical malperfusion syndrome were predictors of mortality. Mortality was not increased in asymptomatic patients with malperfusion by laboratory or imaging findings. Immediate operation before progression of organ malperfusion is still a valid option for patients with acute type A dissection.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 05/2014; · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular surgery carries high operative risk. Recently developed cardiac computed tomography (CT) provides excellent imaging of coronary artery disease (CAD), as well as myocardial perfusions. We investigated the role of stress perfusion CT with coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) using 128-slice dual source CT (DSCT) in preoperative cardiac risk evaluation.
    Korean Circulation Journal 05/2014; 44(3):170-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to assess the changes in the causes of valvular heart disease between 2006 and 2011 in Korea. Data were collected from the Korean National Health Insurance Service from 2006 through 2011. These data consisted of primary diagnoses related to valvular heart disease regardless of other conditions. Valvular heart disease included non-rheumatic mitral valve disorders, non-rheumatic aortic valve disorders, rheumatic mitral valve disorders, and rheumatic aortic valve disorders. Overall, the age-standardized cumulative prevalence of non-rheumatic valvular heart disease was 70.6 per 100,000 persons in 2006 and 110.3 in 2011. This represented an increase from 42.2 to 65.2 in women and from 28.4 to 45.1 in men. In particular, there was a greater increase in prevalence in patients aged 65years or older compared with groups aged 20-44years or 45-64years for both genders. The age-standardized cumulative prevalence of rheumatic valve disease did not change dramatically between 2006 and 2011. The overall age-standardized cumulative prevalence of non-rheumatic valvular heart diseases increased between 2006 and 2011, especially in individuals older than 65years. These changes should be considered in future designs of cardiovascular healthcare services in countries with a rapidly aging population.
    International journal of cardiology 04/2014; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac arrest caused by acute pulmonary embolism is associated with high patient mortality. We reviewed patients who had cardiac arrest by acute pulmonary embolism. Between January 2001 and September 2013 we identified 20 patients at our institution with a confirmative diagnosis of acute pulmonary thromboembolism and cardiac arrest. Percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) and surgical embolectomy is the standard course of care for patients in shock or cardiac arrest due to pulmonary thromboembolism at our institution. Patients were divided into two groups (PCPS group, No PCPS group). PCPS was used in 60%. Surgical embolectomy was performed for 85%. Overall in-hospital and surgical mortalities were 35% and 29%, respectively. Based on multivariate analysis, both cardiopulmonary resuscitation > 15 minutes and absence of PCPS were significant risk factors affecting survival (p = 0.001 and 0.049, respectively). When the duration of cardiac arrest is short, surgical embolectomy is a viable option after cardiac arrest due to pulmonary thromboembolism. PCPS may be a useful tool for both patient stabilization and providing a bridge when deciding upon further management options.
    ASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs: 1992) 03/2014; · 1.39 Impact Factor
  • Jin-Kyoung Kim, Duk-Kyung Kim, Myeong-Jin Lee
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    ABSTRACT: To determine bispectral index (BIS) values produced by equipotent concentrations of commonly used volatile anaesthetics. Female patients undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to receive isoflurane, sevoflurane or desflurane anaesthesia. After induction, anaesthesia was maintained by the volatile agent at 1 minimum alveolar concentration and supplemented with remifentanil infusion. BIS values were recorded during 1 h surgical anaesthesia after a 15 min equilibrium phase. Time-averaged BIS value during the study period was significantly lower in the desflurane group (n = 29) than the sevoflurane group (n = 27) (37.0 ± 4.9 vs 41.5 ± 5.9). Duration of deep hypnosis (BIS < 40) was significantly longer in the desflurane group than the sevoflurane group (40.2 ± 20.7 vs 24.3 ± 22.5 min). There were no significant differences in any parameter between the isoflurane group (n = 27) and any other group. Desflurane produces a greater hypnotic effect than sevoflurane during equipotent anaesthesia. Management of volatile anaesthesia using predetermined minimum alveolar concentration targets can lead to an unnecessarily long duration of deep hypnosis.
    The Journal of international medical research 12/2013; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the role of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in the pathogenesis of thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO), EPC numbers and colony-forming units, migratory function and tubular structure formation in vitro were compared between 13 young male TAO patients and two age-matched healthy control groups: 11 smokers and 12 non-smokers. TAO patients had significantly lower numbers of EPCs and EPC colonies compared to both non-smokers [190 (97.0-229) vs 528 (380-556), p < 0.001 for EPCs and 0.80 (0.53-1.00) vs 2.80 (2.08-4.00) per mm(2), p = 0.001 for EPC colonies] and smokers [190 (97.0-229) vs 272 (229-326), p = 0.012 for EPCs and 0.80 (0.53-1.00) vs 2.80 (1.80-3.93) per mm(2), p = 0.001 for EPC colonies]. However, there were no significant differences in migratory function or tube formation between the three groups. These results suggest that TAO patients have an intrinsic decrease in EPCs not entirely associated with smoking, which may be the cause of endothelial dysfunction seen in TAO patients leading to the development of this disease at early ages.
    Vascular Medicine 12/2013; 18(6):331-9. · 1.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The cardiovascular system may be one of the target organs of both immunoglobulin G4 related and non-related systemic multifocal fibrosclerosis. We present a case of IgG4 non-related systemic multifocal fibrosclerosis mimicking mitral stenosis on echocardiography. For a more detailed differential diagnosis, we used multimodal imaging techniques. After surgical biopsy around the abdominal aortic area in the retroperitoneum, histological examination revealed IgG4 non-related systemic multifocal fibrosclerosis. We describe the multimodal imaging used to diagnose IgG4 non-related systemic multifocal fibrosclerosis and a positive response to steroid treatment. There have been no previous case reports of IgG4 non-related systemic multifocal fibrosclerosis with intracardiac involvement. Here, we report a case of IgG4 non-related systemic multifocal fibrosclerosis mimicking mitral stenosis.
    Journal of Korean medical science 12/2013; 28(12):1830-4. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hereditary natural anticoagulant deficiencies are the major cause of genetic thrombophilia in Asia. Given the growing acknowledgment of the risk of venous thromboembolism in Asian populations, we investigated the frequency and mutation spectrums of natural anticoagulant deficiency in Korea. The patient group consisted of consecutive patients with venous thromboembolism screened for thrombophilia. Genetic tests were performed on suspicion of natural anticoagulant deficiency. For the population group, >3,000 were screened from routine check-up, and those with a decreased level (<1-percentile) of natural anticoagulant underwent genetic tests. Mutations were detected by direct sequencing of PROC, PROS1, and SERPINC1, followed by additional multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification for PROS1 and SERPINC1 for dosage mutations. Total 127 among 500 patients screened were suspected to have natural anticoagulant deficiency, and 71 were genetically confirmed: protein C deficiency in 36 (50.7%), antithrombin deficiency in 21 (29.6%), and protein S deficiency in 14 (19.7%). Total 3,129 individuals were screened from population, and the frequency of natural anticoagulant deficiency was ~1.0%: antithrombin deficiency 0.49%, protein C deficiency 0.35%, and protein S deficiency 0.16%. Two PROC mutations causing type I protein C deficiency were prevalent (Arg211Trp and Met406Ile in patients and Arg211Trp in population). Two SERPINC1 mutations causing type II antithrombin deficiency, Arg79Cys and Ser158Pro, were prevalent in the population group. This is the first study on the genetic epidemiology of natural anticoagulant deficiencies in Korea. The results demonstrated distinct frequencies and mutation spectrums underlying genetic thrombophilia in Korea in comparison with not only Caucasian but also other Asian populations.
    Haematologica 10/2013; · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose:To evaluate coronary arterial lesions and to assess their correlation with clinical findings in patients with Takayasu arteritis (TA) by using coronary computed tomographic (CT) angiography.Materials and Methods:This retrospective study was approved by the hospital internal review board, and informed consent was waived. A total of 111 consecutive patients with TA (97 female, 14 male; mean age, 44 years ± 13.8 [standard deviation]; age range, 14-74 years) underwent CT angiography of the coronary arteries and aorta with 128-section dual-source CT. CT angiographic, clinical, and laboratory findings of each patient were retrospectively reviewed. Statistical differences between coronary CT angiographic findings and clinical parameters were examined with univariate analysis.Results:Of 111 patients, 32 (28.8%) had cardiac symptoms and the remaining 79 (71.2%) had no cardiac symptoms. Fifty-nine patients (53.2%) had coronary arterial lesions at coronary CT angiography. Three main radiologic features were detected: coronary ostial stenosis (n = 31, 28.0%), nonostial coronary arterial stenosis (n = 41, 36.9%), and coronary aneurysm (n = 9, 8.1%). Coronary artery ostial or luminal stenosis of 50% or more or coronary aneurysms were observed in 26 (23.4%) patients with TA. Patients with coronary arterial abnormalities at coronary CT angiography had higher incidences of hypertension (P = .02), were older at the time of CT (P = .01), and had longer duration of TA (P = .02) than those without coronary artery abnormalities. The presence of cardiac symptoms, disease activity, and other comorbidities was not associated with differences in coronary artery involvement.Conclusion:In patients with TA, there is a high prevalence of coronary arterial abnormalities at coronary CT angiography, regardless of disease activity or symptoms. Thus, coronary CT angiography may add information on coronary artery lesions in patients with TA.© RSNA, 2013.
    Radiology 09/2013; · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aortic root size is an important parameter in vascular diseases and can be easily assessed by transthoracic echocardiography. However, measurements values may vary according to cardiac cycle and the definition used for edge. This study aimed to define normal values according to the measurement method specified by two different guidelines to determine the influence of the different methods on echocardiographic measurements. Healthy Korean adults were enrolled. The aortic root diameters were measured twice at four levels (aortic annulus, sinuses of Valsalva, sinotubular junction, and ascending aorta) by the 2005 American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) guidelines (measured from leading edge to leading edge during diastole) and the 2010 ASE pediatric guidelines (measured from inner edge to inner edge during systole). One hundred twelve subjects aged 20--69 years were enrolled. The aortic diameters (cm) determine by the aforementioned two guidelines showed significant difference. Measurements were larger in 2005 ASE guideline at aortic annuls, sinuses of Valsalva, and sinotubular junction level, but smaller at ascending aortic level with 2-3mm of differences. Intraobserver variability was similarly good, but interobserver variability was slightly higher than intraobserver variability in both measurement methods. BSA and age was most important determinant for aortic root size. The measurement method of aortic root can affect the echocardiographic result. The measurement method should be noted when assessing clinical significance of aortic root measurement.
    Cardiovascular Ultrasound 08/2013; 11(1):28. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify predictors of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in patients aged ≥60 years who underwent laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (LAG), and to examine the value of preoperative spirometry to predict PPCs. Patients with preoperative spirometric results who underwent LAG were retrospectively studied. Spirometry included four parameters: forced expiratory volume in 1 s; functional vital capacity; mean forced expiratory flow during middle of functional vital capacity; peak expiratory flow rate. Of 213 patients, overall incidence of PPCs was 19.2%. Abnormal spirometry findings were not identified as an independent predictor of PPCs using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Age was found to be the only independent predictor of PPCs out of all variables evaluated. Separate assessment of individual spirometric parameters using receiver-operating curve analyses indicated poor diagnostic accuracy. Preoperative spirometry was not reliably predictive of PPCs, either as combined or individual parameters, in patients aged ≥60 years who underwent LAG. These results do not support routine use of spirometry to stratify risk of PPCs in this surgical population.
    The Journal of international medical research 08/2013; 41(4):1301-9. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To retrospectively evaluate and compare the long term patency and antihypertensive effect of angioplasty and stent insertion in renal artery stenosis caused by Takayasu arteritis, with CT angiography and clinical follow-up. We retrospectively analyzed and compared effects on hypertension and patency of renal artery in 16 patients (age ranging from 16 to 58 years, mean: 32.1 years) with renovascular hypertension caused by Takayasu arteritis who underwent endovascular treatment including angioplasty (n=13) and stent placement (n=9) for 22 stenotic renal arteries. Technical success was 95% (21/22) without major complications. In the last follow-up CT angiogram (mean 85±41 months), restenosis was 8% (1/12) in angioplasty and 66% (6/9) in stent. Patency rates of angioplasty were 100%, 91.7%, 91.7% and primary unassisted and primary assisted patency rates of stent placement were 55.6%, 33.3%, 33.3% and 88.9%, 66.7%, 55.6% at 1-, 3- and 5-years, respectively. In clinical follow-up (mean 120±37.8 months, range 48-183 months), beneficial effects on hypertension were obtained in 87% of patients (13/15) and there was no significant difference between the patients who were treated by only angioplasty and the patients who received stent placement in at least one renal artery, regardless of whether or not angioplasty had been performed in the other renal artery. Compared with stent placement, angioplasty demonstrated better long term patency and similar clinical benefit on renovascular hypertension in renal artery stenosis of Takayasu arteritis. We suggest that stent placement should be reserved for obvious angioplasty failure.
    European journal of radiology 07/2013; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Among the parameters for surveillance of patients at risk of acute type A aortic dissection, the aortic size has been considered a cardinal factor. Preventive surgery of the aorta in asymptomatic patients on the basis of size alone is still controversial in patient populations lacking other risk factors for aortic dissection. The aim of the present study was to assess the value of the aortic diameter as a current criterion for elective aortic surgery to prevent the development of aortic dissection in patients without and with Marfan syndrome (MFS). We reviewed the data from patients diagnosed with acute type A aortic dissection from December 1994 to March 2009 at our institute. A total of 237 patients who presented with acute type A aortic dissection were enrolled, of whom 31 were diagnosed with MFS. The maximal ascending aorta size was 46.7 mm (range, 42.9-51.6) in non-MFS patients and 58.5 mm (range, 43.8-64.9) in MFS patients (P < .001). Two thirds (74%) of the MFS patients had a maximal aortic root size of ≥45 mm. However, 87% of the 206 non-MFS patients had an aortic diameter <55 mm. Non-MFS patients presenting with an aortic size <55 mm developed aortic dissection at a younger age and had a higher body mass index than those with an aortic size ≥55 mm. Type A aortic dissection occurs in smaller aortas in non-MFS patients compared with those with MFS.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 07/2013; · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to analyze and compare risk factors for peripheral artery disease (PAD) and coronary artery disease (CAD). The sample included 7936 Korean patients aged ≥20 years who were hospitalized from 1994 to 2004. Of the 7936 subjects, PAD (n=415), CAD (n=3686), and normal controls (Control) (n=3835) were examined at the Health Promotion Center, Samsung Medical Center. The mean age (years) of PAD subjects was 64.4 (±9.3), while CAD subjects was 61.2 (±9.9), and Control subjects was 59.9 (±9.1) (p<0.01). The proportion of males was 90.6% for PAD, 71.4% for CAD, and 75.5% for Control subjects (p<0.01). The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, smoking, metabolic syndrome and chronic kidney disease were significantly higher in subjects with PAD or CAD compared to those in Control. However, the ORs for high density lipoprotein, being overweight, and being obese were significantly lower in PAD subjects compared to those in Control. We found that cardiovascular risk factors were in fact risk factors for both PAD and CAD.
    Korean Circulation Journal 05/2013; 43(5):316-28.
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    ABSTRACT: The coxsackieviruses type B3 (CVB3) are members of the genus Enterovirus of the family Picornaviridae. They are the commonest cause of chronic myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy. However, there is still no effective method for diagnosing CVB3 infection in humans. Here, a fast and accurate system that uses a capsid-protein-specific peptide sequence to detect CVB3 in the sera of patients with viral myocarditis was established. The peptide sequence was selected from the whole CVB3 capsid protein sequence by computationally predicting fragments with high antigenicity and low hydrophobicity. Two of eight possible peptide sequences were selected and commercially synthesized. The synthesized peptides encoded either the VP2 or VP1 capsid protein and induced immunoglobulin G antibody expression in immunized rabbits. Anti-VP2 and anti-VP1 sera detected the viral proteins extracted from CVB3-infected HeLa cells. The newly synthesized peptides successfully induced antibody production. These peptides, applied in an ELISA system, detected anti-CVB3 antibodies in virus-infected mouse serum. Moreover, an ELISA system based on the VP2 peptide detected CVB3 infection in patients with positively identified CVB3-induced fulminant myocarditis. These results indicate that these new peptides specifically interact with anti-CVB3 IgG antibodies in mouse and human sera. This ELISA system should be useful for the clinical diagnosis of enterovirus-induced myocarditis.
    Microbiology and Immunology 04/2013; 57(4):281-7. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the normal values for aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and distensibility using cine and phase contrast cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) in patients without cardiovascular risk factors. PWV and distensibility are indispensible predictors of global and regional cardiovascular risk. Regional heterogeneity in aortic stiffness plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Contrary to global estimates of aortic PWV that are commonly measured with tonometry, CMRI has emerged as an important method for estimating regional PWV and distensibility. A total of 124 Korean patients, aged 20-79 years and free of cardiovascular risk factors, were categorized by age decade. Using cine and phase contrast sequences, the cross-sectional area for distensibility and average blood flow were measured at four aortic levels: the ascending, upper descending thoracic, lower thoracic and abdominal aorta. Regional PWV was determined in four aortic segments: proximal, descending thoracic, abdominal aorta and across the entire aorta. Distensibility at the four levels of the aorta from the ascending to distal (4.4 ± 2.5, 4.0 ± 1.6, 5.2 ± 1.9, and 3.3 ± 1.7 × 10(-3) mm/Hg, respectively) was higher in women (P < 0.001) and decreased with age. The regional PWV was highest in the descending thoracic aorta and increased with age. The present study is the first to show the heterogeneity in aortic PWV and distensibility, as well to provide normal values for these parameters using CMRI in an Asian sample.
    The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 03/2013; · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: This prospective, observational study was performed to examine the hypothesis that if conventional 7-cm head elevation is applied, laryngoscopy is more difficult for patients with anteroposterior chest diameter (chest AP diameter) outside the average range (≥17.7 or ≤14.7 cm). METHODS: Chest AP diameter at the sternal notch were measured preoperatively. All patients were placed on a surgical bed with an incompressible 7-cm pillow. During laryngoscopy, the laryngeal view was graded by use of the Cormack-Lehane classification. Difficult visualization of the larynx (DVL) was defined as a grade 3 or 4 view. RESULTS: DVL was observed for 49 patients (18.2 %). Differences between measured chest AP diameter for each patient and the calculated median value were used for statistical analysis. In univariate analysis, the difference between chest AP diameter and the median value was significantly related to DVL. Logistic regression analysis confirmed that the difference between chest AP diameter and the median value was an independent predictor of DVL (odds ratio, 3.900; 95 % confidence interval, 2.371-6.415; p < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that this test with a test threshold of 1.5 cm had reasonable diagnostic accuracy (area under the curve of 0.748). CONCLUSION: When using a standard pillow size of 7 cm, chest AP diameter above or below the average range (≥17.7 or ≤14.7 cm) was a strong predictor of DVL for apparently normal-sized patients. In such cases, modification of pillow height should be considered.
    Journal of Anesthesia 03/2013; · 0.87 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
394.71 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2014
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Samsung Medical Center
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2002–2014
    • Samsung Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Chungnam National University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2013
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2002–2013
    • Seoul National University
      • Division of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2012
    • Catholic University of Korea
      • Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007–2012
    • Konkuk University Medical Center
      • Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
      Changnyeong, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
    • Konkuk University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011
    • Ajou University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Seoul Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea