Eui-Bae Jeung

Chungbuk National University, Chinsen, North Chungcheong, South Korea

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Publications (166)460.26 Total impact

  • Hyun Yang, Changhwan Ahn, Eui-Bae Jeung
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    ABSTRACT: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific disease characterized by concurrent development of hypertension, proteinuria, and oxidative stress in the placenta. Preeclampsia-like genetic models were also developed by modification of preeclampsia-related genes, such as catechol-O-methyltranferase (COMT). In this study, we induced COMT inhibition in mice during pregnancy in order to reproduce physiological conditions associated with preeclampsia. Expression of the gene known as hypoxia biomarker, HIF-1α, was highly induced in the placenta of this model. The over-expression of HIF-1α demonstrates that our experimental conditions were similar to those of preeclampsia. We measured the expression of several calcium transport genes (CTGs; TRPV5, TRPV6, PMCA1 and CaBP-9k) in the placenta, duodenum and kidney after COMT inhibition on gestation day 17.5 (GD 17.5). In addition, we evaluated the calcium transporters in the kidney, duodenum of non-pregnant female mice. Placental TRPV5, TRPV6 and PMCA1 expressions were down-regulated by COMT inhibitor (ro41-0960). In addition, the reduced PMCA1 expression in the placenta was reversed by calcium supplementation. Duodenal expressions of TRPV5, TRPV6, and PMCA1 were decreased in COMT-inhibited mice, and recovered slightly after calcium supplementation. Renal expression of TRPV5, TRPV6, and PMCA1 was also decreased by COMT inhibition, while it was reversed by calcium supplementation to the level of control. Duodenal- and renal calcium transporting genes, TRPV5, TPRV6, PMCA1 and CaBP-9k, were down-regulated by COMT treatment in female mice. Taken together, these results indicate that physiological changes observed in COMT inhibition were similar to symptoms of preeclampsia, which may be related to disturbance of calcium metabolism during pregnancy. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 12/2014; · 4.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inducible cyclic AMP (cAMP) early repressor (ICER) Iγ acts as an endogenous inhibitor and disrupts the transcriptional regulation of cAMP response element binding protein (CREBP) responsive genes. Since the overexpression of ICER Iγ induces severe diabetes in a transgenic mouse model, with characteristics similar to human diabetes mellitus, an ICER Iγ construct containing an adjustable pancreas tissue specific promoter was utilized in the present study. Using the human insulin promoter region, a doxycycline (dox)‑inducible ICER Iγ expression system was established using the tetracycline (tet)-controlled transactivator (tTA) with a TA response element (TRE) promoter. A unitary tet-on system that combined a tet-on activator cassette was also developed and was controlled by the human insulin promoter with a responder cassette containing genes encoding ICER Iγ regulated by the TRE promoter. To determine whether dox-enhanced ICER Iγ expression affected insulin production, the unitary tet-on ICER Iγ vector was introduced into a mouse pancreatic β-cell line and then the cells were treated with 0.1-1 mg/ml dox. The results revealed a robust increase in ICER Iγ expression and decreased insulin production. Therefore, this in vitro system may be useful for studying human diabetes mellitus and pre-diabetes using tissue-specific promoters and a dox-inducible transgene. In addition, porcine transgenic fibroblasts containing dox-inducible ICER Iγ were generated. These fibroblasts may serve as a cell source for somatic cell nuclear transfer to generate a porcine model of human diabetes mellitus.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 05/2014; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Calciotropic hormones were thought to facilitate calcium transfer through active transcellular or passive paracellular pathway for calcium homeostasis. While calcium transport proteins such as CaBP-28 k, TRPV5, NCX1, PMCA1b are involved in calcium reabsorption of the renal tubule using transcellular transport, tight junction proteins are known as critically related to calcium absorption through paracellular pathway. The regulation of each pathway for calcium transport was well studied but the correlation was not. It is expected that present study will provide new information about the link between transcellular and paracellular pathway within renal tubules. Transcripts and proteins of tight junction related genes (occludin, ZO-1, and claudins) were examined in CaBP-9 k-and/or-28 k-deficient mice as well as the effect of dietary calcium and/or vitamin D supplementation. With a normal diet, the transcriptional and translational expressions of most tight junction proteins in the kidney was not significantly changed but with a calcium- and vitamin D-deficient diet, and they were significantly increased in the kidney of the CaBP-28 k and CaBP-9 k/28 k double KO (DKO) mice. In these genotypes, the increase of tight junction related transcripts and proteins are referred to as an evidence explaining correlation between transcellular transport and paracellular pathway. These findings are particularly interesting in evidences that insufficient transcellular calcium transports are compensated by paracellular pathway in calcium or calcium/vitamin D deficient condition, and that both transcellular and paracellular pathways functionally cooperate for calcium reabsorption in the kidney.
    BMC Biochemistry 03/2014; 15(1):6. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Claudins (CLDNs) are tetraspan transmembrane proteins, which are components of tight junctions. The CLDN family is composed of 27 members that are responsible for paracellular transport and certain CLDNs form charge‑selective ion channels. CLDNs have two extracellular loops, and the charge of the first extracellular loop determines the ion selectivity of each CLDN. Although the expression and function of each CLDN have been previously investigated, the distribution of CLDNs in various target organs remains to be determined. In the present study, the tissue‑specific mRNA distribution of CLDNs (1‑5, 7‑8, 10a and b, 11‑12, 14‑17 and 19) in the duodenum, ileum, colon, kidney, liver and lung were defined. Among the tested CLDNs, CLDN1, 2, 12 and 16 were selected for further investiagtion. It was observed that CLDN1, CLDN2 and CLDN12 transcripts and proteins were particularly abundant in the investigated organs. Notably, immune‑reactive CLDN16 was detected in a tissue‑specific manner and shown in the renal tubules and portal vein. The tested CLDNs were localized to intercellular apical junctions in the epithelium of the intestine, renal tubule and bronchus. Based on this novel information, the presence of several types of CLDNs is of interest as CLDNs may promote or dampen the paracellular diffusion of specific ions.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 03/2014; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The transient receptor potential channels are membrane-binding proteins that are nonselectively permeable for cations, such as Ca(2+) and Mg(2+), in numerous mammalian cells. The extracellular or intracellular ions play key roles in physiological functions including muscle contraction, cytokine production, insulin release, and apoptosis. Although transient receptor potential melastatin (TRPM) channels are implicated in nonreproductive tissues, the presence of TRPM2 has been reported in endometrium of uterus. To examine whether the expression of TRPM2 gene in uterus is due to gonadal steroid hormones or hormone-independent effect, the uterine TRPM2 gene was monitored in uterus of mature rat during estrous cycle and of immature rat after treatment with gonadal steroid estrogen (E2), progesterone (P4) with/without estrogen receptor antagonist Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) 182780. We examined real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry to demonstrate the expression and localization of the uterine TRPM2 gene. The level of TRPM2 messenger RNA and protein are dramatically induced at proestrus, then dropped to base line levels at metestrus, and restored its level at diestrus. The results imply that uterine TRPM2 expression levels are regulated by gonadal steroid hormone E2. Moreover, the E2-induced TRPM2 expression is inhibited by cotreatment with ICI 182780 or P4. Furthermore, the immune-reactive TRPM2 is observed in myometrium and stromal cell of endometrium and also showed alterations in TRPM2 expression during estrus cycle. This study suggests that TRPM2 may be involved in calcium absorption or uterine contraction and the latter may be related to implantation or labor by endogenous sex steroid hormones.
    Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.) 02/2014; · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Canines are considered the most authentic model for studying multifactorial human diseases, as these animals typically share a common environment with man. Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) technology along with genetic engineering of nuclear donor cells provides a unique opportunity for examining human diseases using transgenic canines. In the present study, we generated transgenic canines that overexpressed the human amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene containing well-characterized familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) mutations. We successfully obtained five out of six live puppies by SCNT. This was confirmed by observing the expression of green fluorescence protein in the body as a visual transgenic marker and the overexpression of the mutated APP gene in the brain. The transgenic canines developed AD-like symptoms, such as enlarged ventricles, an atrophied hippocampus, and β-amyloid plaques in the brain. Thus, the transgenic canines we created can serve as a novel animal model for studying human AD.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 01/2014; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Korean red ginseng extract (RGE) is one of the most popular natural herbs modulating the immune system. Although the effects of RGE on immunity have been reported, its effects on inflammasomes, multi-protein complexes that activate caspase-1 to induce maturation of interleukin (IL)-1β, have not been studied yet. In this study, we elucidated the effect of RGE on inflammasome activation using mouse and human macrophages. In our results, RGE inhibited IL-1β maturation resulting from NLRP3 inflammasome activation in both in vitro and in vivo models. In addition, RGE strongly attenuated IL-1β secretion as well as pathogen clearance via pyroptotic cell death by macrophages through inhibition of AIM2 inflammasome activation. Ginsenosides Rg1 and Rh3 were suggested as inhibitors of the inflammasome activation. Thus, we demonstrated that RGE inhibits both NLRP3 and AIM2 inflammasome activation, with predominant involvement of the AIM2 inflammasome.
    Immunology letters 01/2014; · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether exogenous amino acids affect gene transcription patterns in parthenogenetic porcine embryos, we investigated the effects of amino acid mixtures in culture medium. Parthenogenetic embryos were cultured in PZM3 medium under four experimental conditions: 1) control (no amino acids except L-glutamine and taurine); 2) nonessential amino acids (NEAA); 3) essential amino acids (EAA); and 4) NEAA and EAA. The rate of development of embryos to the four-cell stage was not affected by treatment. However, fewer (P<0.05) embryos cultured with EAA (12.8%) reached the blastocyst stage as compared with the control group (25.6%) and NEAA group (30.3%). Based on these findings, we identified genes with altered expression in parthenogenetic embryos exposed to medium with or without EAAs. The results indicated that EAA influenced gene expression patterns, particularly those of imprinted genes (e.g., H19, IGF2R, PEG1, XIST). However, NEAAs did not affect impaired imprinted gene expressions induced by EAA. The results also showed that mechanistic target of rapamycin (MTOR) mRNA expression was significantly increased by EAA alone as compared with control cultures, and that the combined treatment with NEAA and EAA did not differ significantly from those of control cultures. Our results revealed that gene transcription levels in porcine embryos changed differentially depending on the presence of EAA or NEAA. However, the changes in the H19 mRNA observed in the parthenogenetic blastocysts expression level was not related to the DNA methylation status in the IGF2/H19 domain. The addition of exogenous amino acid mixtures affected not only early embryonic development, but also gene transcription levels, particularly those of imprinted genes. However, this study did not reveal how amino acids affect expression of imprinted genes under the culture conditions used. Further studies are thus required to fully evaluate how amino acids affect transcriptional regulation in porcine embryos.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(9):e106549. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclosporine A (CsA) is a powerful immunosuppressive drug with side effects including the development of chronic nephrotoxicity. In this study, we investigated CsA treatment induced apoptotic and autophagic cell death in pituitary GH3 cells. CsA treatment (0.1 to 10 µM) decreased survival of GH3 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Cell viability decreased significantly with increasing CsA concentrations largely due to an increase in apoptosis, while cell death rates due to autophagy altered only slightly. Several molecular and morphological features correlated with cell death through these distinct pathways. At concentrations ranging from 1.0 to 10 µM, CsA induced a dose-dependent increase in expression of the autophagy markers LC3-I and LC3-II. Immunofluorescence staining revealed markedly increased levels of both LC3 and lysosomal-associated membrane protein 2 (Lamp2), indicating increases in autophagosomes. At the same CsA doses, apoptotic cell death was apparent as indicated by nuclear and DNA fragmentation and increased p53 expression. In apoptotic or autophagic cells, p-ERK levels were highest at 1.0 µM CsA compared to control or other doses. In contrast, Bax levels in both types of cell death were increased in a dose-dependent manner, while Bcl-2 levels showed dose-dependent augmentation in autophagy and were decreased in apoptosis. Manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) showed a similar dose-dependent reduction in cells undergoing apoptosis, while levels of the intracellular calcium ion exchange maker calbindin-D9k were decreased in apoptosis (1.0 to 5 µM CsA), but unchanged in autophagy. In conclusion, these results suggest that CsA induction of apoptotic or autophagic cell death in rat pituitary GH3 cells depends on the relative expression of factors and correlates with Bcl-2 and Mn-SOD levels.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(10):e108981. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    Eui-Ju Hong, Eui-Bae Jeung
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    ABSTRACT: Embryonic stem (ES) cells have potential for use in evaluation of developmental toxicity because they are generated in large numbers and differentiate into three germ layers following formation of embryoid bodies (EBs). In earlier study, embryonic stem cell test (EST) was established for assessment of the embryotoxic potential of compounds. Using EBs indicating the onset of differentiation of mouse ES cells, many toxicologists have refined the developmental toxicity of a variety of compounds. However, due to some limitation of the EST method resulting from species-specific differences between humans and mouse, it is an incomplete approach. In this regard, we examined the effects of several developmental toxic chemicals on formation of EBs using human ES cells. Although human ES cells are fastidious in culture and differentiation, we concluded that the relevancy of our experimental method is more accurate than that of EST using mouse ES cells. These types of studies could extend our understanding of how human ES cells could be used for monitoring developmental toxicity and its relevance in relation to its differentiation progress. In addition, this concept will be used as a model system for screening for developmental toxicity of various chemicals. This article might update new information about the usage of embryonic stem cells in the context of their possible ability in the toxicological fields.
    Toxicological research. 12/2013; 29(4):221-227.
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    ABSTRACT: Research in autophagy continues to accelerate,(1) and as a result many new scientists are entering the field. Accordingly, it is important to establish a standard set of criteria for monitoring macroautophagy in different organisms. Recent reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose.(2,3) There are many useful and convenient methods that can be used to monitor macroautophagy in yeast, but relatively few in other model systems, and there is much confusion regarding acceptable methods to measure macroautophagy in higher eukaryotes. A key point that needs to be emphasized is that there is a difference between measurements that monitor the numbers of autophagosomes versus those that measure flux through the autophagy pathway; thus, a block in macroautophagy that results in autophagosome accumulation needs to be differentiated from fully functional autophagy that includes delivery to, and degradation within, lysosomes (in most higher eukaryotes) or the vacuole (in plants and fungi). Here, we present a set of guidelines for the selection and interpretation of the methods that can be used by investigators who are attempting to examine macroautophagy and related processes, as well as by reviewers who need to provide realistic and reasonable critiques of papers that investigate these processes. This set of guidelines is not meant to be a formulaic set of rules, because the appropriate assays depend in part on the question being asked and the system being used. In addition, we emphasize that no individual assay is guaranteed to be the most appropriate one in every situation, and we strongly recommend the use of multiple assays to verify an autophagic response.
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    ABSTRACT: Lentinus (L.) edodes (shiitake mushroom) is used as a traditional medicine in Asia. One of the components of L. edodes, eritadenine (an adenosine analog alkaloid), has been shown to reduce cholesterol levels. The hypocholesterolemic action of eritadenine appears to be achieved through the modification of hepatic phospholipid metabolism. In the present study, the effects of L. edodes in a mouse model of hypercholesterolemia were investigated. Hypercholesterolemia was induced by the consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD). The animals were divided into six groups, which were fed a normal diet, HFD alone, HFD containing eritadenine [10 mg/kg of body weight (BW)] or HFD with 5, 10 or 20% L. edodes, respectively, for 4 weeks (from 5 to 9 weeks of age). The mice in the six groups had similar BW gains. Total serum cholesterol (T-CHO), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglyceride (TG) levels were increased in the HFD-fed group compared with those in the normal diet group. However, the levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) were not significantly altered. In mice treated with L. edodes (5, 10 or 20%), the T-CHO, LDL and TG serum levels were reduced in a dose-dependent manner. The mRNA expression of cholesterol 7-α-hydroxylase 1 (CYP7A1) was decreased in hypercholesterolemic mice and increased by eritadenine and L. edodes (5, 10 and 20%) supplementation. In liver tissues, it was observed that lipid accumulation was reduced by treatment with eritadenine and L. edodes. In addition, it was revealed that the formation of atherosclerotic plaques due to the HFD was also suppressed by eritadenine and L. edodes. The results of the study indicated that the consumption of an HFD may inhibit CYP7A1 expression in the liver by increasing serum T-CHO, LDL and TG levels. L. edodes may help regulate lipid metabolism, suggesting that this fungus ameliorates hypercholesterolemia in mice by regulating CYP7A1 expression in the liver.
    Experimental and therapeutic medicine 12/2013; 6(6):1409-1413. · 0.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Due to their inherent tumor-tropic properties, genetically engineered stem cells may be advantageous for gene therapy treatment of various human cancers, including brain, liver, ovarian, and prostate malignancies. In this study, we employed human neural stem cells (HB1.F3; hNSCs) transduced with genes expressing Escherichia coli cytosine deaminase (HB1.F3.CD) and human interferon-beta (HB1.F3.CD.IFN-β) as a treatment strategy for ductal breast cancer. CD can convert the prodrug 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) to its active chemotherapeutic form, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), which induces a tumor-killing effect through DNA synthesis inhibition. IFN-β also strongly inhibits tumor growth by the apoptotic process. RT-PCR confirmed that HB1.F3.CD cells expressed CD and HB1.F3.CD.IFN-β cells expressed both CD and IFN-β. A modified transwell migration assay showed that HB1.F3.CD and HB1.F3.CD.IFN-β cells selectively migrated toward MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. In hNSC-breast cancer co-cultures the viability of breast cancer cells which were significantly reduced by HB1.F3.CD or HB1.F3.CD.IFN-β cells in the presence of 5-FC. The tumor inhibitory effect was greater with the HB1.F3.CD.IFN-β cells, indicating an additional effect of IFN-β to 5-FU. In addition, the tumor-tropic properties of these hNSCs were found to be attributed to chemoattractant molecules secreted by breast cancer cells, including stem cell factor (SCF), c-kit, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and VEGF receptor 2. An in vivo assay performed using MDA-MB-231/luc breast cancer mammary fat pad xenografts in immunodeficient mice resulted in 50% reduced tumor growth and increased long-term survival in HB1.F3.CD and HB1.F3.CD.IFN-β plus 5-FC treated mice relative to controls. Our results suggest that hNSCs genetically modified to express CD and/or IFN-β genes can be used as a novel targeted cancer gene therapy.
    Stem Cell Research 10/2013; 12(1):36-48. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An 8 wk old female Dalmatian weighing .56 kg presented with growth retardation. The puppy exhibited no abnormalities during physical examination other than significantly reduced growth compared with her littermates. Endocrine results suggested pituitary dwarfism. Two wk later, the puppy returned due to the onset of megaesophagus, but the puppy unfortunately died the following morning. This case report describes the diagnosis of dwarfism in a Dalmatian puppy that was caused by growth hormone (GH) deficiency and describes its early clinical manifestations.
    Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 09/2013; · 0.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The interaction between estrogen receptor (ER) and insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) signaling pathway plays an important role in proliferation of and resistance to endocrine therapy to estrogen dependent cancers. Estrogen (E2) upregulates the expression of components of IGF-1 system and induces the downstream of mitogenic signaling cascades via phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1). In the present study, we evaluated xenoestrogenic effect of bisphenol A (BPA) and antiproliferative activity of genistein (GEN) in accordance with the influence on this crosstalk. BPA was determined to affect this crosstalk by upregulating mRNA expressions of ERα and IGF-1R and inducing phosphorylation of IRS-1 and Akt in protein level in BG-1 ovarian cancer cells as E2 did. In the mouse model xenografted with BG-1 cells, BPA significantly increased a tumor burden of mice and expressions of ERα, pIRS-1, and cyclin D1 in tumor mass compared to vehicle, indicating that BPA induces ovarian cancer growth by promoting the crosstalk between ER and IGF-1R signals. On the other hand, GEN effectively reversed estrogenicity of BPA by reversing mRNA and protein expressions of ERα, IGF-1R, pIRS-1, and pAkt induced by BPA in cellular model and also significantly decreased tumor growth and in vivo expressions of ERα, pIRS-1, and pAkt in xenografted mouse model. Also, GEN was confirmed to have an antiproliferative effect by inducing apoptotic signaling cascades. Taken together, these results suggest that GEN effectively reversed the increased proliferation of BG-1 ovarian cancer by suppressing the crosstalk between ER and IGF-1R signaling pathways upregulated by BPA or E2.
    Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 08/2013; · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Homocysteinemia is associated with cardiovascular and neuronal degenerative diseases. Deficiencies of the B vitamins lead to high homocysteine serum levels. Lentinus edodes (L. edodes) is also known as the Shiitake mushroom and may have beneficial effects on vascular and lipid metabolic diseases, including hypertension, homocysteinemia and lipidemia. In this study, we induced a homocysteinemia-like condition in mice by the administration of a folate- and vitamin B12-deficient diet and evaluated the effect of L. edodes on the homocysteinemia-like condition. Homocysteinemia was induced by the administration of a diet deficient in folate and vitamin B12 (DFV) for 6 weeks to mice aged 4-10 weeks. The homocysteinemic mice were treated with L. edodes flour (5, 10 and 20%), eritadenine (10 mg/kg) or DFV only (negative control) for 2 weeks. The DFV induced a significant increase in serum homocysteine levels. The increased homocysteine serum levels were reduced by eritadenine and L. edodes flour (5, 10 and 20%). Hepatic levels of S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase (SAH) were significantly higher under DFV administration and the elevated SAH levels were reduced by treatment with L. edodes in a dose-dependent manner. The mRNA expression levels of DNA methyl transferases, DNMT1 and DNMT3a, were reduced in the DFV group, and the reduced levels of DNMT1 and DNMT3a mRNA expression were recovered in the eritadenine and L. edodes (5, 10 and 20%) groups. These results suggest that components of L. edodes, including eritadenine may have beneficial effects on hyperhomocysteinemia and its therapeutic effects may be involved in the regulation of DNA methylation-related genes in mice.
    Experimental and therapeutic medicine 08/2013; 6(2):465-468. · 0.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metabolic syndrome arises from a combination of disorders that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. In previous studies, it was observed that overexpression of 11β‑hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β‑HSD1) induced obesity and the insulin resistance that accompanies metabolic syndrome in rodent adipose tissue. Based on these observations, it was hypothesized that overexpression of 11β‑HSD1 may be suitable for the generation of a porcine model of metabolic syndrome. It was evaluated that promoter activities of the porcine adipose fatty acid‑binding protein (aP2) gene generates adipose tissue‑specific 11β‑HSD1 expression. In adipose tissue, the maximum promoter activity (‑2,826 to +51 nt) of aP2 was 200‑fold higher than that of a promoterless construct. In addition, 11β‑HSD1 transcriptional levels were significantly increased following the introduction of the aP2 promoter into 3T3‑L1 adipocytes. These observations indicate that the aP2 promoter may facilitate 11β‑HSD1 overexpression in porcine adipose tissue. Transgenic fibroblasts were generated containing 11β‑HSD1 cDNA controlled by the aP2 promoter with two screening markers, green fluorescence protein and a neomycin‑resistance gene. It was hypothesized that transgenic fibroblasts may be useful for generating a porcine model of metabolic syndrome.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 07/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Worldwide there is concern about the continuing release of a broad range of environmental endocrine disrupting chemicals, including polychlorinated biphenyls, dioxins, phthalates, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and other halogenated organochlorines persistent organic pollutants (POPs) into the environment. They are condemned for health adverse effects such as cancer, reproductive defects, neurobehavioral abnormalities, endocrine and immunological toxicity. These effects can be elicited via a number of mechanisms among others include disruption of endocrine system, oxidation stress and epigenetic. However, most of the mechanisms are not clear, thus several number of studies are ongoing trying to elucidate them in order to protect the public by reducing these adverse effects. In this review, we briefly limited review the process, the impacts, and the potential mechanisms of dioxin/dioxin like compound, particularly, their possible roles in adverse developmental and reproductive processes, diseases, and gene expression and associated molecular pathways in cells.
    Journal of Embryo Transfer, 28(2): 95-111. 06/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Essential oils are concentrated hydrophobic liquids containing volatile aromatic compounds from plants. In the present study, the essential oil of Chamaecyparis obtusa (C. obtusa), which is commercially used in soap, toothpaste and cosmetics, was extracted. Essential oil extracted from C. obtusa contains several types of terpenes, which have been shown to have anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. In the present study, we examined the anti-inflammatory effects of C. obtusa essential oil in vivo and in vitro following the induction of inflammation by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in rats. While LPS induced an inflammatory response through the production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the blood and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PMNCs), these levels were reduced when essential oil was pre-administered. Additionally, the mechanism of action underlying the anti-inflammatory effects of C. obtusa essential oil was investigated by measuring the mRNA expression of inflammation‑associated genes. LPS treatment significantly induced the expression of transforming growth factor α (TNFα) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in rats, while C. obtusa essential oil inhibited this effect. Taken together, our results demonstrate that C. obtusa essential oil exerts anti‑inflammatory effects by regulating the production of PGE2 and TNFα gene expression through the COX-2 pathway. These findings suggest that C. obtusa essential oil may constitute a novel source of anti-inflammatory drugs.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 05/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the effects of estradiol (E2), 4-tert-octylphenol (OP), and bisphenol A (BPA) on uterine contractions in immature rats. The expression and localization of contraction-associated proteins (CAPs), and contractility of rat uterus with a collagen gel contraction assay were analyzed. E2, OP, and BPA all increased oxytocin (OT)-related pathway, while the prostaglandin-related signaling was reduced. Interestingly, E2 and estrogenic compounds showed distinct effects on the contractile activity of uterine cells. E2 enhanced the contractility, while OP and BPA significantly decreased it. Immuohistochemical analysis of CAPs showed distinct regulation of prostaglandin F receptor localization by E2 and estrogenic compounds, which may explain the different contractile activities of those reagents. In summary, we demonstrate that E2, OP, and BPA regulate CAP expression in a similar manner in the immature rat uterus, however, the effects on contractile activity were modulated differently. These findings suggest that OP and BPA interfere with uterine contractility.
    Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 05/2013; · 4.04 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
460.26 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2014
    • Chungbuk National University
      • College of Veterinary Medicine
      Chinsen, North Chungcheong, South Korea
  • 2012–2013
    • Sooam Biotech Research Foundation
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • University of Michigan
      • Life Sciences Institute
      Ann Arbor, MI, United States
    • Chungnam National University
      • Department of Pharmacology
      Sŏngnam, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2011
    • Yonsei University
      • Division of Biomedical Engineering
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003–2011
    • University of British Columbia - Vancouver
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
      Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    • Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology KRIBB
      • Laboratory of Development and Differentiation
      Ansan, Gyeonggi, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Korea Forest Research Institute
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2005–2007
    • Seoul National University
      • • Department of Forest Sciences
      • • College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea