Sri G Yarlagadda

Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States

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Publications (7)26.16 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Current methods for predicting graft recovery after kidney transplantation are not reliable. We performed a prospective, multicenter, observational cohort study of deceased-donor kidney transplant patients to evaluate urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), IL-18, and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) as biomarkers for predicting dialysis within 1 wk of transplant and subsequent graft recovery. We collected serial urine samples for 3 d after transplant and analyzed levels of these putative biomarkers. We classified graft recovery as delayed graft function (DGF), slow graft function (SGF), or immediate graft function (IGF). Of the 91 patients in the cohort, 34 had DGF, 33 had SGF, and 24 had IGF. Median NGAL and IL-18 levels, but not KIM-1 levels, were statistically different among these three groups at all time points. ROC curve analysis suggested that the abilities of NGAL or IL-18 to predict dialysis within 1 wk were moderately accurate when measured on the first postoperative day, whereas the fall in serum creatinine (Scr) was not predictive. In multivariate analysis, elevated levels of NGAL or IL-18 predicted the need for dialysis after adjusting for recipient and donor age, cold ischemia time, urine output, and Scr. NGAL and IL-18 quantiles also predicted graft recovery up to 3 mo later. In summary, urinary NGAL and IL-18 are early, noninvasive, accurate predictors of both the need for dialysis within the first week of kidney transplantation and 3-mo recovery of graft function.
    Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 09/2009; 21(1):189-97. · 8.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Delayed graft function (DGF) is a common complication of renal transplantation. The short-term consequences of DGF are well known, but the long-term relationship between DGF and patient and graft survival is controversial in the published literature. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to precisely estimate these relationships. We performed a literature search for original studies published through March 2007 pertaining to long-term (>6 months) outcomes of DGF. The primary outcome was graft survival. Secondary outcomes were patient survival, acute rejection and kidney function. When compared to patients without DGF, patients with DGF had a 41% increased risk of graft loss (RR 1.41, 95% CI 1.27-1.56) at 3.2 years of follow-up. There was no significant relationship between DGF and patient survival at 5 years (RR 1.14, 95% CI 0.94-1.39). The mean creatinine in the non-DGF group was 1.6 mg/dl. Patients with DGF had a higher mean serum creatinine (0.66 mg/dl, 95% CI 0.57-0.74) compared to patients without DGF at 3.5 years of follow-up. DGF was associated with a 38% relative increase in the risk of acute rejection (RR 1.38, 95% CI 1.29-1.47). The results of this meta-analysis emphasize and quantify the long-term detrimental association between DGF and important graft outcomes like graft survival, acute rejection and renal function. Efforts to prevent and treat DGF should be aggressively investigated in order to improve graft survival given the deficit in the number of kidney donors.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 12/2008; 24(3):1039-47. · 3.37 Impact Factor
  • Sri G Yarlagadda, Christina L Klein, Alkesh Jani
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    ABSTRACT: Delayed graft function (DGF) describes dysfunction of the kidney allograft immediately after transplantation and is the most common complication in the immediate posttransplantation period. Although a standardized definition for DGF is lacking, it is most commonly defined as the need for dialysis within the first week after transplant. DGF is caused by a variety of factors related to the donor and recipient as well as organ procurement techniques. The occurrence of DGF affects both allograft and patient outcomes. In addition to prolonging hospital stay and increasing the costs associated with transplantation, DGF is associated with an increased incidence of acute rejection after transplantation and is associated with poorer long-term graft outcomes. Both immunologic and nonimmunologic mechanisms contribute to DGF. The risk factors for DGF that have been identified are reviewed as well as the impact of DGF on long-term outcomes.
    Advances in chronic kidney disease 08/2008; 15(3):248-56. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The term delayed graft function (DGF) is commonly used to describe the need for dialysis after receiving a kidney transplant. DGF increases morbidity after transplantation, prolongs hospitalization and may lead to premature graft failure. Various definitions of DGF are used in the literature without a uniformly accepted technique to identify DGF. We performed a systematic review of the literature to identify all of the different definitions and diagnostic techniques to identify DGF. We identified 18 unique definitions for DGF and 10 diagnostic techniques to identify DGF. The utilization of heterogeneous clinical criteria to define DGF has certain limitations. It will lead to delayed and sometimes inaccurate diagnosis of DGF. Hence a diagnostic test that identifies DGF reliably and early is necessary. Heterogeneity, in the definitions used for DGF, hinders the evolution of a diagnostic technique to identify DGF, which requires a gold standard definition. We are in need of a new definition that is uniformly accepted across the kidney transplant community. The new definition will be helpful in promoting better communication among transplant professionals and aids in comparing clinical studies of diagnostic techniques to identify DGF and thus may facilitate clinical trials of interventions for the treatment of DGF.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 05/2008; 23(9):2995-3003. · 3.37 Impact Factor
  • Sri G Yarlagadda, Mark A Perazella
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    ABSTRACT: Several medications that are insoluble in human urine are known to precipitate within the renal tubules. Intratubular precipitation of either exogenously administered medications or endogenous crystals (induced by certain drugs) can promote chronic and acute kidney injury, termed crystal nephropathy. Clinical settings that enhance the risk of drug or endogenous crystal precipitation within the kidney tubules include true or effective intravascular volume depletion, underlying kidney disease, and certain metabolic disturbances that promote changes in urinary pH favoring crystal precipitation. Identify and review previously described and recently recognized medications that cause crystal nephropathy. A literature review was performed, using PubMed, Ovid, and Google Scholar, focusing on drugs (sulfadiazine, acyclovir, indinavir, triamterene, methotrexate (MTX), orlistat, oral sodium phosphate preparation, ciprofloxacin) that cause crystal nephropathy. Sulfadiazine, acyclovir, indinavir, triamterene, and MTX are known to cause crystal nephropathy. Recently, several medications, including orlistat, ciprofloxacin, and oral sodium phosphate solution, along with underlying risk factors have been described as causing crystal nephropathy.
    Expert Opinion on Drug Safety 04/2008; 7(2):147-58. · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs frequently after nonmyeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). The severity of AKI after nonmyeloablative HCT has association with short-term mortality. However, the long-term effect of AKI on survival after nonmyeloablative HCT is not known. We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent an HLA matched nonmyeloablative HCT between 1997 and 2006. Patients were followed for a median of 36 (range: 3-99) months. AKI occurring up to day 100 was defined as a >2-fold increase in serum creatinine or requirement of dialysis. Of the 358 patients who were included in the analysis, 200 (56%) had AKI, 158 (44%) had no AKI. Overall, 158 patients (43%) died during follow-up. After controlling for potential confounders, the adjusted hazard ratio for overall mortality associated with AKI was 1.57 (95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.2-2.3; P = .0006). The adjusted hazards ratio of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) associated with AKI was 1.72 (95% CI 0.9-3.1; P = .07). AKI is an independent predictor of overall mortality after nonmyeloablative HCT. This finding reiterates the importance of identifying preventative strategies in nonmyeloablative HCT for attenuating incidence and severity of AKI.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 03/2008; 14(3):309-15. · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • Seminars in Dialysis 01/2006; 19(5):438-9. · 2.25 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

335 Citations
26.16 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2009
    • Yale University
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Section of Nephrology
      New Haven, CT, United States
  • 2008
    • Kansas City VA Medical Center
      Kansas City, Missouri, United States
  • 2006–2008
    • Yale-New Haven Hospital
      • Department of Pathology
      New Haven, Connecticut, United States