P Menè

Sant'Andrea Medical Hospital, Spezia, Liguria, Italy

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Publications (106)413.65 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Guidelines recommend autogenous radial-cephalic AV fistula (RCAVF) as the first choice for hemodialysis. Concern has been raised that this is not suitable in the elderly. We assessed the results of microsurgery for RCAVF creation comparatively in patients older and younger than 70 years. Methods: We prospectively followed 126 patients for three years. After systematic clinical and ultrasound assessment, a RCAVF was created using a surgical microscope. Patency was assessed immediately, at one week, one month and one year. Outcomes were recorded and stratified into two groups: <70y and >70y. Results: RCAVF was created in 75.4% and 70.8% of the <70y and >70y groups, respectively. Incidence of early failure was 11% (<70y) and 13% (>70y). Primary and secondary patency at one year was 67% and 84% (<70y) versus 63% and 80% (>70y). Conclusions: Microsurgery enabled the creation of RCAVF in >70y with acceptable risk of failure and slight differences by comparison with <70y. Older age should not preclude RCAVF creation.
    The journal of vascular access 08/2013; · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    Paolo Menè, Nicola Pirozzi
    Diabetes 08/2013; 62(8):2648-50. · 7.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the efficacy of a Limberg skin flap to treat non-infected necrosis and bleeding at angioaccess puncture sites. Retrospective analysis of 40 selected (no infection, necrosis <20 mm diameter) patients (25 arteriovenous fistulae [AVF], 15 grafts) treated between 1998 and 2012 by rhomboid excision, vessel repair, and a locally rotated full-thickness Limberg skin flap together with early postoperative percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA; n = 23/40). Success was defined as wound healing and angioaccess patency without complications. Success rates at 1 and 6 months were 96% (24/25) and 76% (19/25), respectively, for AVF, and 80% (12/15) and 40% (6/15) for arteriovenous grafts. Complications included flap necrosis (n = 2), graft thrombosis (n = 4), minor sepsis (n = 1), death (n = 2), and new puncture site necrosis (n = 3). Four patients were lost to follow-up. Vessel or graft repair, PTA for distal stenoses and local debridement followed by a Limberg skin flap for tissue defects prevented further bleeding and maintained vascular access patency in 25/40 (62%) patients.
    European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery: the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery 06/2013; · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Thyroid malignancies can be treated by surgery followed by ablation of the remnant tissue with 131I. As iodide removal from the body occurs by renal extraction, in patients suffering from end-stage renal disease it is necessary to properly evaluate both timing and method of the extracorporeal treatment. Methods: We present two patients on regular hemodialysis, admitted in isolation to the Nuclear Medicine Department and treated with 131I for thyroid carcinoma diagnosed during the check-up for transplantation. Both patients underwent two hemodialysis sessions with a portable machine for CRRT (continuous renal replacement therapy), 24 and 48 hours after the administration of 50 mCi of 131I. The nursing staff were monitored with a dosimeter. Radioactivity of the patients, dialysate and urines were measured during hemodialysis. Results: The greater reduction was obtained with the first dialysis, but in both patients a further, though shorter, hemodialysis at 48 hours was necessary for reaching a patient's radioactivity compatible with discharge. Radioactivity measured in the dialysate demonstrated the almost total removal of radioiodine by dialysis alone. In both patients, follow-up exams revealed a complete ablation of thyroid tissue, without signs of local recurrence. The dose of radioactivity of the dialysis staff was below allowable limits. Conclusions: We conclude that a successful reduction of radioactivity, without dispersing its therapeutic efficacy, can be obtained with daily hemodialysis with a CRRT machine in patients in isolation treated with 131I. A therapeutic model is proposed.
    The International journal of artificial organs 05/2013; · 1.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Drosophila trp homologue Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) cation channels are ubiquitous in most species and cell types. The functional TRP subclasses TRPC, TRPV and TRPP gate Ca2+ and other cations in mammalian tissues, including the kidney. It is now clear that TRP channels play an important role in renal physiology and in certain genetic disorders of the kidney. Hence, there is considerable interest in targeting mutated or dysfunctional TRP channels in an effort to treat such diseases. Transcellular epithelial cell Ca2+ reabsorption occurs in the distal tubule via luminal TRPV5/V6 channels. Indeed, TRPV5 KO mice display phenotypic defects of renal disease, including hypercalciuria and impaired bone mineral density. Similar to Ca2+, Mg2+ transcellular reabsorption occurs in the distal convoluted tubule via apical TRPM6/TRPM7 channels. TRPC6 is a component of the glomerular podocyte "slit diaphragm" and its autosomic dominant mutation has been linked to a familial, steroid-resistant form of nephrotic syndrome. A more common inherited disorder of the tubular epithelium, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), is at least in part related to mutation of polycystin 2 (PC2), a protein encoded by the PKD2 gene. PC2 is now identified as TRPP2, a Ca2+-permeable non-selective cation channel located on the cilia of tubular epithelial cells. TRP-related ion transport may also play a role in the pathogenesis of arterial systemic and/or pulmonary hypertension through regulation of vascular smooth muscle contraction, renal perfusion/hemodynamics, as well as the total body balance of divalent cations. Thus, multiple renal TRP channels are potential targets for pharmacological intervention aimed at preventing or attenuating the burden of chronic kidney disease.
    Current topics in medicinal chemistry 02/2013; · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical reinterventions for treatment of complications or ligation of haemodialysis vascular access (VA), when performed in or below the mid/lower part of the upper arm, could benefit from the use of preventive haemostasis with an inflatable tourniquet. This technique offers several advantages, such as the reduced risk of bleeding and the increased accuracy of dissection allowing for a minimally invasive approach. The use of preventive haemostasis is safe, economical and time-saving. All the secondary procedures on VA that could benefit from its use are reviewed.
    The journal of vascular access 09/2012; · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: Occurrence of heart failure during dialysis treatment is associated with high mortality. However, mechanisms underlying left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) in these patients are still elusive. In patients undergoing haemodialysis, arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is associated with right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) and a further impairment is observed when AVF is brachial rather than radial. However, it is not known whether AVF-induced RVD is associated with an impaired left ventricular function. We studied the relation between right and left ventricular function in 120 patients undergoing either haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis and 100 healthy age-matched controls. Methods: Echocardiography including tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) was performed for both ventricles. Average myocardial performance index (MPI) of the right ventricle (RV MPI) was obtained with a multisegmental approach by using TDI. Results: RVD was higher in haemodialysis than peritoneal dialysis patients and a further increase was observed in haemodialysis patients with brachial access. Interestingly, RV MPI inversely correlated with indices of both left ventricular contraction and relaxation and the association was even stronger in haemodialysis patients, particularly in those with brachial AVF. Of note, dialysis patients in the upper tertile of RV MPI showed the larger impairment of left ventricular function. Regression analyses showed that RV MPI was independently associated with reduced left ventricular function. By contrast, LVD did not significantly affect right ventricular performance in this setting. Conclusion: AVF-induced RVD may contribute to LVD in dialysis patients. AVF plays a pivotal role in triggering LVD via right-to-left ventricular interdependence. (C) 2012 Italian Federation of Cardiology
    Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 08/2012; Publish Ahead of Print. · 2.66 Impact Factor
  • International journal of cardiology 03/2012; 155(3):478-9. · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Loco-regional anesthesia, along with the neurosensitive inhibition causes arterial and venous vasodilatation, that could be of interest for vascular access surgery. We evaluated the long term vasoplegia persistence after brachial plexic block. Methods: Five patients submitted to brachial plexus block for an orthopedic procedure have been observed. Both radial arteries, that of the blocked arm and the opposite as a control, were analyzed by ultrasound examination, at time 0 and 360 minutes after anesthesia induction. All patients were treated with the same anesthesiologic protocol: axillary approach, use of an electroneurostimulator, injection 10 ml of ropivacain 7.5% + 10 ml of mepivacain 2%. The parameters evaluated from the arterial ultrasound flowmetry were: peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV) and resistance index (RI).Results. No modification of the arterial flow were observed in the control arm at 0 and 360'after block induction. The blocked arm instead showed a significant decrease of the resistive index, stable at 360minutes. Conclusions: The vasoplegia accompaning plexic block lasted 6 hours after anesthesia induction. Whereas this longstanding haemodynamic effect is beneficial for early patency of vascular access for hemodialysis, needs to be ascertained by further investigations.
    The journal of vascular access 01/2012; 13(3):296-8. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a comprehensive evaluation of dialysis adequacy, major attention has been recently paid to fluid and Na balance. Removal of Na has been reported to be significantly poorer with automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) than with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Only limited data on Na removal with tidal APD have been published. We analyzed peritoneal Na mass balance in 122 separate nightly tidal APD sessions performed by 7 peritonitis-free, clinically stable, patients with negligible residual renal function (< 100 mL urine daily). Correlations with other efficiency measures [ultrafiltration (UF) and small-solute clearances], prescriptive parameters [duration of treatment, initial intraperitoneal fill volume (IPV) and its tidal percentage, and dialysate flux] and peritoneal transport status were tested in univariate and multivariate linear regression models. Removal of Na was 89 +/- 55 mmol per treatment, which correlated with UF (r = 0.29, p = 0.001) and was higher in patients with high-average transport (118 +/- 41 mmol vs. 81 +/- 56 mmol in low-average transporters, p = 0.0004), in whom a significant positive correlation was found with initial IPV and duration of treatment (r = 0.55; 95% confidence interval: 0.21 to 0.77; p = 0.0029; and r = 0.66; 95% confidence interval: 0.38 to 0.83; p = 0.0002 respectively). Removal of Na correlated weakly with UF in tidal APD and showed wide inter-patient variability. It should therefore be measured rather than roughly estimated from UF. Its magnitude exposes the anuric patient on nightly APD with a "dry" day to the risk of Na retention, unless controlled Na intake or dialytic strategies aimed at enhancing Na removal, or both, are implemented.
    Advances in peritoneal dialysis. Conference on Peritoneal Dialysis 01/2012; 28:16-20.
  • International journal of cardiology 03/2011; 149(2):250-2. · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. The value of incremental peritoneal dialysis (PD) as a bridge to renal transplantation (Tx) has not been specifically addressed. Methods. All consecutive Stage 5 CKD patients with at least 1 year predialysis followup, starting incremental PD or HD under our care and subsequently receiving their first renal Tx were included in this observational cohort study. Age, gender, BMI, underlying nephropathy, residual renal function (RRF) loss rate before dialysis and RRF at RRT start, comorbidity, RRT schedules and adequacy measures, dialysis-related morbidity, Tx waiting time, RRF at Tx, incidence of delayed graft function (DGF), in-hospital stay for Tx, serum creatinine at discharge and one year later were collected and compared between patients on incremental PD or HD before Tx. Results. Seventeen patients on incremental PD and 24 on HD received their first renal Tx during the study period. Age, underlying nephropathy, RRF loss rate in predialysis, RRF at the start of RRT and comorbidity did not differ significantly. While on dialysis, patients on PD had significantly lower epoetin requirements, serum phosphate, calciumxphosphate product and better RRF preservation. Delayed graft function (DGF) occurred in 12 patients (29%), 1 on incremental PD and 11 on HD. Serum creatinine at discharge and 1 year later was significantly higher in patients who had been on HD. Conclusions. In patients receiving their first renal Tx, previous incremental PD was associated with low morbidity, excellent preservation of RRF, easier attainment of adequacy targets and significantly better immediate and 1-year graft function than those observed in otherwise well-matched patients previously treated with HD.
    International journal of nephrology. 01/2011; 2011:204216.
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    ABSTRACT: The syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion (SIADH), also recently referred to as the "syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis", is an often underdiagnosed cause of hypotonic hyponatremia, resulting for instance from ectopic release of ADH in lung cancer or as a side-effect of various drugs. In SIADH, hyponatremia results from a pure disorder of water handling by the kidney, whereas external Na+ balance is usually well regulated. Despite increased total body water, only minor changes of urine output and modest edema are usually seen. Renal function and acid-base balance are often preserved, while neurological impairment may range from subclinical to life-threatening. Hypouricemia is a distinguishing feature. The major causes and clinical variants of SIADH are reviewed, with particular emphasis on iatrogenic complications and hospital-acquired hyponatremia. Effective treatment of SIADH with water restriction, aquaretics, or hypertonic saline + loop diuretics, as opposed to worsening of hyponatremia during parenteral isotonic fluid administration, underscores the importance of an early accurate diagnosis and careful follow-up of these patients.
    Journal of endocrinological investigation 10/2010; 33(9):671-82. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While chronic dialysis treatment has been suggested to increase pulmonary pressure values, right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) is a major cause of death in patients with end-stage renal disease. We investigated the impact of different dialysis treatments on right ventricular function. We examined 220 subjects grouped as follows: healthy controls (n = 100), peritoneal dialysis (PD; n = 26), hemodialysis (HD) with radial arteriovenous fistula (AVF; n = 62), and HD with brachial AVF (n = 32). Echocardiography including tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) of the right ventricle was performed in all patients. Pulmonary pressure values progressively rose from controls across the 3 dialysis groups (21.7 ± 6.8, 29.7 ± 6.7, 37.9 ± 6.7 and 40.8 ± 6.6 mm Hg, respectively; p < 0.001). TDI indices of right ventricular function were more impaired in HD patients, particularly in those with brachial AVF. RVD, assessed by TDI myocardial performance index, was higher in HD patients compared with PD patients (71.3 vs. 34.6%, p < 0.001). Moreover, the prevalence of RVD further increased in patients with brachial AVF compared with the radial access (90.6 vs. 61.3%, p < 0.001). Compared to DP, HD increases the risk of RVD, particularly in the presence of brachial AVF. TDI may detect early functional failure of the right ventricle in HD patients.
    American Journal of Nephrology 09/2010; 32(5):432-8. · 2.62 Impact Factor
  • Paolo Menè, Nicola Pirozzi
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    ABSTRACT: Progressive renal fibrosis resulting from proliferation of interstitial fibroblasts is a hallmark of chronic kidney failure, whatever the origin. The intermediate/small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (K(Ca)3.1) promotes mitogenesis in several cell types by altering the membrane potential, thus enabling extracellular Ca(2+) entry. Grgic et al. evaluated the role of K(Ca)3.1 in renal fibroblast proliferation, testing whether deficiency or pharmacological blockade of K(Ca)3.1 suppressed development of renal fibrosis. Mitogens stimulated K(Ca)3.1 in murine renal fibroblasts via a MEK-dependent mechanism, while selective blockade of K(Ca)3.1 inhibited fibroblast proliferation by promoting G0/G1 arrest. In a classical model of renal fibrosis, mouse unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO), robust up-regulation of K(Ca)3.1 was detectable in affected kidneys. K(Ca)3.1 KO mice showed reduced expression of fibrotic marker expression, less chronic tubulointerstitial damage, collagen deposition and alpha-smooth muscle+ cells after UUO, with better preservation of functional renal parenchyma. The selective K(Ca)3.1 blocker TRAM-34 similarly attenuated progression of UUO-induced renal fibrosis in wild-type mice and rats. Thus, Grgic et al. believe that K(Ca)3.1 is involved in renal fibroblast proliferation and fibrogenesis, suggesting that K(Ca)3.1 may serve as a therapeutic target for the prevention of fibrotic kidney disease.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 11/2009; 25(2):353-5. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Renal alterations in hypothyroidism include decreased glomerular filtration rate and renal plasma flow. We herein report a case of amiodarone -induced hypothyroidism associated with a rapid decrease of renal function, reversible upon amiodarone withdrawal. A 72-year-old man presented to our clinic in August 2007 reporting a recent deterioration of renal function. Ten weeks before he was admitted to another hospital for a supraventricular tachyarrhythmia treated with carvedilol 12.5 mg/day and amiodarone 400 mg/day. On admission, laboratory tests revealed altered renal function (serum creatinine 6 mg/dl, blood urea nitrogen 78 mg/dl) and severe hypothyroidism (free T4 0.27 pg/ml, free T3 1.49 pg/ml, TSH 183.36 mU/l). Amiodarone and carvedilol were stopped, while levothyroxine 75 mcg/die was started. After three months renal function had completely recovered to 1.9 mg/dl, BUN 28 mg/dl, with concurrent improvement of thyroid function free T4 14.2 pg/ml, free T3 6.4 pg/ml, TSH 15.5 mU/l.
    Clinical nephrology 08/2009; 72(1):79-80. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with a systemic inflammatory response syndrome. The major clinical features of this include a reduction of pulmonary compliance and increased extracellular fluids, with increased pulmonary shunt fraction similar to acute respiratory distress syndrome, thus resulting in prolonged mechanical ventilation time (VAM) and intensive care unit length of stay (ICU STAY). We evaluated the feasibility of an intraoperatory cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit connected with a monitor for continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) to ameliorate pulmonary function after open heart surgery reducing VAM and ICU STAY. Forty patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting were randomized at the time of surgery into a control group (20 patients who received standard cardiopulmonary bypass) and a study group (20 patients who received CVVH during cardiopulmonary bypass). The analysis of postoperative variables showed a significative reduction of VAM in treated group (CVVH group mean 3.55 h +/- 0.85, control group 5.8 h +/- 0.94, P < 0.001) and ICU STAY (CVVH group mean 29.5 h +/- 6.7, control group 40.5 h +/- 6.67, P < 0.001). In our experience, the use of intraoperatory CVVH during cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with lower early postoperative morbidity.
    Artificial Organs 07/2009; 33(8):654-7. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 54-year-old man with multiple myeloma underwent peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) with cells donated by his human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sister. Eight months after PBSCT, the patient experienced chronic graft-versus-host disease with skin involvement (generalized erythema), mucosal ulceration, sicca syndrome, and elevated liver enzymes. Two years after PBSCT, the patient developed nephrotic syndrome with massive proteinuria, which required hospitalization. Physical examination, blood and urine analyses, liver function tests, 24 h urinary albumin excretion and renal biopsy. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis as a complication of graft-versus-host disease. Prednisone, ciclosporin and an angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor.
    Nature Reviews Nephrology 05/2009; 5(4):236-40. · 7.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Differential diagnosis in patients presenting with fever of unknown origin (FUO) is often difficult because infectious diseases, neoplasms, infective endocarditis or systemic autoimmune diseases may all be responsible for the condition. Furthermore, vasculitis may generate typical, atypical or limited syndromes depending on the extent of vascular involvement. Here, we report the case of a 73-year-old man with FUO and renal failure due to a rare variant of Wegener's granulomatosis, limited to the kidneys.
    Lupus 02/2009; 18(6):567-9. · 2.78 Impact Factor
  • Paolo Menè, Antonella Stoppacciaro
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    ABSTRACT: Cultures of glomerular mesangial cells (MC) of rodent or human origin have been extensively employed in renal research laboratories since the early 1980s. Cultured MC retain extensive analogies with the fairly undifferentiated in vivo phenotype of an intercapillary mesenchymal cell population, i.e., a myofibroblast. MC proliferating in response to mitogens and growth factors can be growth-arrested by withdrawal of serum or 3D culture in collagen gels. They synthesize an extracellular matrix that includes interstitial collagens and has analogies with the glomerular basement membrane; a prominent cytoskeleton acts as a functional contractile apparatus. Cultured MC have been extensively employed as a tool for studying pathophysiological events such as mesangial expansion, scarring, and glomerulosclerosis. Current technology for MC isolation and culture is reviewed, with emphasis on methodological issues relevant to characterization, propagation, and long-term maintenance of homogeneous clones.
    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 02/2009; 466:3-17. · 1.29 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
413.65 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Sant'Andrea Medical Hospital
      Spezia, Liguria, Italy
  • 1989–2013
    • Sapienza University of Rome
      • • Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Department of Experimental Medicine
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 2010
    • University of Florence
      • Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, Sperimentali e Cliniche
      Florens, Tuscany, Italy
  • 1995
    • Università degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti e Pescara
      Chieta, Abruzzo, Italy
  • 1987–1992
    • Case Western Reserve University
      • School of Medicine
      Cleveland, OH, United States