Samin K Sharma

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Manhattan, New York, United States

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Publications (160)658.88 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of true bifurcation lesions (Medina classification 1, 1, 1; 1, 0, 1; or 0, 1, 1) is challenging and may involve either a 1-stent strategy with provisional side branch stenting, or a 2-stent strategy. Diabetes mellitus is associated with greater atherosclerotic burden and higher incidence of bifurcation lesions, and unfavorable outcomes after PCI. It is unknown whether use of newer everolimus-eluting stent (EES) implantation impacts relative outcomes of 1-stent and 2-stent strategies in patients with diabetes. We performed a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with diabetes mellitus and complex true bifurcation lesions (side branch diameter >2.0 mm) who underwent PCI with EES between February 2010 and December 2011. We grouped subjects based on initial treatment to a 1-stent (n = 81) or 2-stent (n = 54) strategy, and compared baseline characteristics, quantitative coronary angiography, and 1-year major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) rates, defined as death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization (TLR), or target vessel revascularization (TVR). Baseline characteristics were well matched. A 2-stent strategy was associated with larger side-branch reference vessel diameter at baseline and post PCI. In-hospital events included 1 periprocedural myocardial infarction in each group and no deaths. At 1 year, there was no significant difference between 1-stent and 2-stent strategies in TVR rates (6.2% vs 3.7%; P=.53), TLR (both 3.7%; P>.99), or MACE (7.4% vs 3.7%; P=.37). In this series of diabetic patients undergoing complex bifurcation PCI using EES implantation, there was no difference between 1-stent and 2-stent strategies with respect to ischemic events at 1 year.
    The Journal of invasive cardiology 12/2014; 26(12):619-623. · 1.57 Impact Factor
  • Journal of neurology. 12/2014; 261(12):2449-50.
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    ABSTRACT: Current practice guidelines advocate culprit vessel intervention alone in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) found to have multi-vessel coronary disease during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The debate on timing of non-infarct artery intervention has recently been reinvigorated by the Preventive Angioplasty in Acute Myocardial Infarction (PRAMI) trial, in which patients undergoing preventive-PCI of significant non-culprit lesions at the time primary PCI for STEMI had reduced rates of cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infraction, and refractory angina. Given that previous literature has cautioned against multi-vessel PCI during STEMI, this raises the question of whether technical and pharmacological advances in PCI may have opened the door to safely revisit this issue with additional clinical rigor. The impact of STEMI pathophysiology on non-culprit plaque, how treatment of non-culprit lesions alters the natural history of coronary disease following STEMI, and whether this results in a clinical benefit, remain unclear; and much of the existing data is retrospective. Additionally, the PRAMI trial did not include a staged-PCI, leaving questions as to how this approach might fare compared to simultaneous preventive PCI. In this review, we discuss the pathophysiology of non-culprit plaque in STEMI, provide a summary of the existing literature on the topic, and discuss the PRAMI trial in the face of prior data and possible future directions for further study.
    JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between lipid content and plaque morphometry as well as the process of lesion progression and regression in patients with significant coronary artery disease.
    European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging 09/2014; · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: The presence of thin-cap fibroatheromas (TCFA) is associated with high risk of acute coronary syndrome, hence their early detection may identify high-risk patients. In the present study we investigated the ability of a combined imaging catheter with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) plus intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to detect TCFA in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Methods and results: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and combined NIRS-IVUS assessment were performed on identical coronary segments. IVUS analysis provided per-segment minimal cross-sectional area (CSA), plaque length (PL), plaque burden (PB), plaque volume (PV), and remodelling index (RI). OCT was used as the gold-standard reference to define TCFA (fibrous cap thickness <65 μm). Plaque lipid content was estimated by NIRS (lipid core burden index [LCBI]). OCT-defined TCFA was present in 18 of 76 segments. IVUS revealed that OCT-defined TCFA were positively remodelled lesions with greater PB and PV, smaller CSA, and longer PL, while NIRS revealed greater LCBI per 2 mm segment (LCBI2mm) (all p<0.001). Greatest accuracy for OCT-defined TCFA detection was achieved using LCBI2mm >315 with RI >1.046 as a combined criterion value. Conclusions: OCT-defined TCFA are characterised by positive vessel remodelling, high plaque burden and greater lipid core burden as assessed by dual NIRS-IVUS imaging.
    EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 04/2014; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the outcomes of initial one-stent (1S) versus dedicated two-stent (2S) strategies in complex bifurcation percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using everolimus-eluting stents (EES). PCI of true bifurcation lesions is technically challenging and historically associated with reduced procedural success and increased restenosis. Prior studies comparing initial one-stent (1S) versus dedicated two-stent (2S) strategies using first-generation drug-eluting stents have shown no reduction in ischemic events and more complications with a 2S strategy. We performed a retrospective study of 319 consecutive patients undergoing PCI at a single referral center with EES for true bifurcation lesions, defined by involvement of both the main vessel (MV) and side branch (SB). Baseline, procedural characteristics, quantitative coronary angiography and clinical outcomes in-hospital and at one year were compared for patients undergoing 1S (n=175) and 2S (n=144) strategies. Baseline characteristics were well-matched. 2S strategy was associated with greater SB acute gain (0.65±0.41mm vs. 1.11±0.47mm, p<0.0001). In-hospital serious adverse events were similar (9% with 2S vs. 8% with 1S, p=0.58). At one year, patients treated by 2S strategy had non-significantly lower rates of target vessel revascularization (5.8% vs. 7.4%, p=0.31), myocardial infarction (7.8% vs. 12.2%, p=0.31) and major adverse cardiovascular events (16.6% vs. 21.8%, p=0.21). In this study of patients undergoing PCI for true coronary bifurcation lesions using EES, 2S strategy was associated with superior SB angiographic outcomes without excess complications or ischemic events at one year.
    International journal of cardiology 03/2014; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare outcomes of elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in same-day discharge and overnight hospital stays. Advances in PCI techniques and equipment have allowed same-day discharge after elective PCI. In this study, we investigated the safety of same-day discharge ambulatory PCI in patients according to age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) scores. The ambulatory PCI group consisted of all PCIs with same-day discharge, while the overnight-stay group consisted of all elective PCIs with in-hospital observation and discharge the following day. Patients were stratified into tertiles based on ACEF score: low (<1.08), mid (≥1.08 and <1.31), and high (≥1.31). The primary endpoint was 30-day major adverse cardiac events, defined as readmission, all-cause mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization. Propensity score matching was done to evaluate outcomes based on similar baseline characteristics. There were 16,407 elective PCIs, of which 21.2% were in the ambulatory group. Patients who stayed overnight had similar 30-day composite outcomes as their same-day discharge counterparts in the high ACEF score (odds ratio [OR], 1.213; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.625-2.355; P=.57) and mid ACEF score (OR, 0.636; 95% CI, 0.356-1.134; P=.13) comparisons, but had worse outcomes in the low ACEF score comparison (OR, 1.867; 95% CI, 1.134-3.074; P=.01). In this single-center registry, patients who underwent same-day discharge ambulatory PCI had no worse outcomes, and in some cases better outcomes, than overnight-stay patients; this result was found in the group as a whole, as well as in all ACEF score subcategories.
    The Journal of invasive cardiology 03/2014; 26(3):106-113. · 1.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bleeding complications after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have been associated with higher short and long-term mortality. Bivalirudin has been shown to reduce bleeding complications in patients who underwent PCI; however, the impact of anemia on bleeding complications and long-term mortality has not been studied. A total of 11,991 patients who underwent PCI over a period of 8 years with bivalirudin as the primary antithrombotic agent were included. Anemia was defined according to the World Health Organization definition. Bleeding complications were prospectively collected. Survival analysis was performed using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. Of the 11,991 patients, 4,815 patients (40%) had baseline anemia. Major bleeding occurred in 3.3% of patients with anemia compared with 0.7% of patients without anemia (p <0.001) driven largely by transfusion events. In the overall study population, major bleeding was a significant predictor of mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.4, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04 to 1.8, p = 0.027) at a mean follow-up of 2.6 years (interquartile range 1.4 to 3.5). In patients with anemia, major bleeding remained an independent predictor of mortality (HR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.0, p = 0.008); however, in patients without anemia, it did not (HR 1.25, 95% CI 0.52 to 3.03, p = 0.62). In patients who underwent PCI with bivalirudin therapy, major bleeding is associated with early and long-term mortality, which is more pronounced in patients with baseline anemia.
    The American journal of cardiology 02/2014; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A periprocedural myocardial infarction, defined as the advent of new Q-waves or a creatine kinase-MB elevation >83 normal has been previously validated as predictive of subsequent mortality. We examined the effects of using this clinically relevant definition of periprocedural myocardial infarction instead of the original protocol definition on outcomes in the recent PROTECT II [A Prospective, Multi-center, Randomized Controlled Trial of the IMPELLA RECOVER LP 2.5 System Versus Intra Aortic Balloon Pump (IABP) in Patients Undergoing Non Emergent High Risk PCI] trial. In this trial, patients who were undergoing high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were randomized to either an intraaortic balloon pump (IABP, n[211) or a left ventricular assist device (Impella, n[216). All eligible patients per study protocol were included in the analysis. Patient outcomes were compared up to 90 days, the longest available follow-up, on the composite end points of major adverse events (MAE) and major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE [ death, stroke, myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization). At 90 days, the rates of both composite end points were lower in the Impella group compared with the IABP group (MAE, 37% vs 49%, p [ 0.014 respectively; MACCE, 22% vs 31%, p [ 0.034 respectively). There were no differences in death or large myocardial infarction between the 2 arms. By multivariable analysis, treatment with Impella as opposed to IABP was an independent predictor for freedom from MAE (odds ratio[0.75 [95% confidence interval 0.61 to 0.92], p[0.007) andMACCE (odds ratio[0.76 [95% confidence interval 0.61 to 0.96], p[0.020) at 90 days postprocedure. In conclusion, hemodynamic support with Impella compared with IABP during high-risk PCI in the PROTECT-II trial resulted in improved event-free survival at 3-month follow-up; this finding was further supported by multivariate analyses.
    The American journal of cardiology 01/2014; 113(2):222-8. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 1-year clinical outcomes of more complex XIENCE V USA real-world patients with small versus non-small vessel lesions. Background: Patients with small vessel lesions undergoing coronary stent placement are at higher risk of major adverse cardiac events. Improved safety and efficacy of XIENCE V everolimus eluting stents (EES) have been previously demonstrated in selected low-risk small vessel populations in randomized clinical trials. Methods: The XIENCE V USA study was a condition of approval, single-arm study in unselected real-world patients. Baseline and 1-year clinical outcomes were compared between XIENCE V USA patients who received a single 2.5 mm stent (small vessel group, N = 838) and patients implanted with a single > 2.5 mm stent (non-small vessel group, N = 2015). Mean reference vessel diameter was 2.55 + 0.36 and 3.25 + 0.46 mm in the small and non-small vessel groups, respectively (p<0.001). Results: Small vessel group had more females, presented with a higher rate of diabetes, and had more complex lesion characteristics. The definite or probable ST rates analyzed using Kaplan-Meier method were low and not significantly different between the groups at 0.37% and 0.40% for the small and non-small vessel group (p=0.88), respectively. The composite rate of cardiac death or MI was comparable at 4.5% for the small and 5.1% for the non-small vessel 1 groups (p=0.57). The one-year target lesion revascularization rate was also comparable in the small vessel group (3.8% vs 3.0%, p=0.35) Conclusions: Despite gender difference, higher prevalence of diabetes and more complex lesions in the small vessel groups, the 1-year clinical outcomes were similar in both small and non-small vessel groups. These results demonstrate the therapeutic benefit of XIENCE V EES in a real-world all inclusive patient population with small vessel disease. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 12/2013; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: We sought to assess if bivalirudin use during balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) would affect clinical outcomes compared with heparin. Methods and results: We compared the outcomes of consecutive patients who underwent elective or urgent BAV with intraprocedural use of bivalirudin or heparin at two high-volume centres. All in-hospital events post BAV were adjudicated by an independent, blinded clinical events committee. Of 427 patients, 223 patients (52.2%) received bivalirudin and 204 (47.8%) received heparin. Compared with patients who received heparin, patients who received bivalirudin had significantly less major bleeding (4.9% vs. 13.2%, p=0.003). Net adverse clinical events (NACE, major bleeding or major adverse cardiovascular events [MACE]) were also reduced (11.2% vs. 20.1%, p=0.01). There was no significant difference in the rates of MACE (mortality, myocardial infarction or stroke, 6.7% vs. 11.3%, p=0.1), or vascular complications (major, 2.7% vs. 2.0%; minor, 4.5% vs. 4.9%; p=0.83). After multivariate analysis controlling for vascular preclosure, the use of bivalirudin remained independently associated with reduced major bleeding (OR 0.37; 95% CI: 0.16 to 0.84; p=0.02) while the association was attenuated in propensity-adjusted analysis (OR 0.44, 95% CI: 0.18 to 1.07, p=0.08). Conclusions: In this registry of patients with severe aortic stenosis, bivalirudin as compared to heparin resulted in improved in-hospital outcomes post BAV in terms of reduced major bleeding, similar MACE and reduced NACE. If verified in a randomised study and extended to the transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) population, these results might indicate a potential benefit for patients undergoing such procedures.
    EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 11/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction:Generic clopidogrel recently became available in the United States and was rapidly adopted as a cost-effective alternative to the brand name formulation. However, unlike other medications, subtle differences in clopidogrel bioavailability may lead to acute consequences including stent thrombosis (ST).Materials and METHODS: We studied the incidence of acute and subacute ST during the initial period of generic clopidogrel use (June 18, 2012-September 6, 2012 [80 days]) at a single percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) center. There were 4 definite ST cases within 30 days of successful PCI in patients receiving generic clopidogrel, which were compared to historic control ST cases from 80 days prior to generic clopidogrel use and for 3 years from June 18, 2009 to June 17, 2012. During generic clopidogrel administration, 1054 PCIs were performed, giving a definite 30-day ST incidence of 0.38% (4 of 1054) among these patients. By comparison, there were 2 episodes of definite 30-day ST during the 80 days immediately preceding generic clopidogrel use (2 of 1114), while 3-year historic data indicated a definite 30-day ST incidence of 0.14% (20 of 14 432), representing a 2.7-fold increase in definite 30-day ST with generic clopidogrel use (P = .076). Exclusion of 3 historic controls with a defined reason for ST (noncompliance, marked thrombocytosis) gave a 3.2-fold increase in 30-day ST with generic clopidogrel (P = .050). An ST-predictive algorithm revealed no difference in the likelihood of ST between patients receiving generic clopidogrel and historic controls. We observed an unexpected >2-fold increase in ST coincident with generic clopidogrel use. Although we cannot ascribe causality, this observation warrants increased vigilance and close monitoring of patients receiving generic clopidogrel.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 11/2013; · 3.07 Impact Factor
  • Matthew I Tomey, Umesh K Gidwani, Samin K Sharma
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    ABSTRACT: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a new therapy for severe aortic stenosis now available in the United States. Initial patients eligible for TAVR are defined by high operative risk, with advanced age and multiple comorbidities. Following TAVR, patients experience acute hemodynamic changes and several possible complications, including hypotension, vascular injury, anemia, stroke, new-onset atrial fibrillation, conduction disturbances and kidney injury, requiring an acute phase of intensive care. Alongside improvements in TAVR technology and technique, improvements in care after TAVR may contribute to improved outcomes. This review presents an approach to post-TAVR critical care and identifies directions for future research.
    Cardiology clinics 11/2013; 31(4):607-18. · 1.25 Impact Factor
  • Cardiology clinics 11/2013; 31(4):xiii-xiv. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: RE-ENDOTHELIALIZATION IS DELAYED AFTER DRUG-ELUTING STENT (DES) IMPLANTATION. IN THIS SETTING, NEOINTIMA IS MORE PRONE TO BECOME LIPID LADEN AND DEVELOP NEOATHEROSCLEROSIS (NA), POTENTIALLY INCREASING PLAQUE VULNERABILITY.METHODS AND RESULTS: OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY AND NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY WITH INTRAVASCULAR ULTRASOUND WERE USED TO CHARACTERIZE NA IN 65 (51 DES AND 14 BARE-METAL STENTS) CONSECUTIVE SYMPTOMATIC PATIENTS WITH IN-STENT RESTENOSIS. MEDIAN DURATION POSTSTENT IMPLANTATION WAS 33 MONTHS. OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHYVERIFIED NA WAS OBSERVED IN 40 STENTS WITH IN-STENT RESTENOSIS (62%), WAS MORE PREVALENT IN DES THAN BARE-METAL STENTS (68% VERSUS 36%; P=0.02), AND DEMONSTRATED SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER PREVALENCE OF THIN-CAP NEOATHEROMA (47% VERSUS 7%; P=0.01) IN DES. NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY ASSESSMENT DEMONSTRATED THAT THE TOTAL LIPID CORE BURDEN INDEX (34 [INTERQUARTILE RANGE, 1292] VERSUS 9 [INTERQUARTILE RANGE, 032]; P0.001) AND THE DENSITY OF LIPID CORE BURDEN INDEX (LIPID CORE BURDEN INDEX/4 MM, 144 [INTERQUARTILE RANGE, 60285] VERSUS 26 [INTERQUARTILE RANGE, 086]; P0.001) WERE HIGHER IN DES COMPARED WITH BARE-METAL STENTS. TOPOGRAPHICALLY, NA WAS CLASSIFIED AS I (THIN-CAP NA), II (THICK-CAP NA), AND III (PERI-STRUT NA). TYPE I THIN-CAP NEOATHEROMA WAS MORE COMMON IN DES (20% VERSUS 3%; P=0.01) AND IN AREAS OF THE STENTED SEGMENT WITHOUT SIGNIFICANT IN-STENT RESTENOSIS (71%). PERIPROCEDURAL MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION OCCURRED ONLY IN DES (11 VERSUS 0; P =0.05), OF WHICH 6 (55%) COULD BE ATTRIBUTED TO SEGMENTS WITH 70% IN-STENT RESTENOSIS. BY LOGISTIC REGRESSION, PRIOR DES WAS THE ONLY INDEPENDENT PREDICTOR OF BOTH NA (ODDS RATIO, 7.0; 95% CONFIDENCE INTERVAL, 1.727; P=0.006) AND PERIPROCEDURAL MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION (ODDS RATIO, 1.8; 95% CONFIDENCE INTERVAL, 1.12.4; P=0.05).CONCLUSIONS: In-stent thin-cap neoatheroma is more prevalent, is distributed more diffusely across the stented segment, and is associated with increased periprocedural myocardial infarction in DES compared with bare-metal stents. These findings support NA as a mechanism for late DES failure.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Interventions 09/2013; · 6.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Calcific aortic stenosis (AS) is the most frequent expression of aortic valve disease in the Western world, with an increasing prevalence as the population ages. Almost 4% of all adults 75 years of age or older have moderate or severe AS. Many patients do not undergo surgery because of prohibitive comorbidities or other high-risk features. Balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) remains an option for temporary palliation and symptomatic relief in such patients. In addition, BAV continues to serve an important role as a bridge to either surgical or transcatheter aortic valve replacement in certain patients with AS requiring temporary hemodynamic stabilization.
    Cardiology clinics 08/2013; 31(3):327-36. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the use of the GuideLiner "mother-and-child" guide catheter extension system as a simple solution to facilitate initial device delivery in balloon uncrossable chronic total occlusions (CTOs) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). During PCIs for CTO lesions, an important reason for procedural failure is the inability to deliver a balloon or microcatheter across the lesion. We retrospectively accessed our interventional registry for 07/01/2010 to 03/21/2012 and extracted data on all CTO lesions involving GuideLiner catheter use. Cine review was performed to identify cases where a guidewire had crossed the CTO and the use of a GuideLiner catheter facilitated initial device delivery. We identified 28 patients that underwent PCI for CTO with a GuideLiner catheter used to assist initial balloon or microcatheter advancement across the culprit lesion. Mean overall CTO length was 26.3 ± 18.1 mm. The GuideLiner catheter was successful in delivering a small balloon to the CTO lesion in 85.7% of cases (24/28). A single CTO PCI resulted in a distal guidewire perforation, but there was no hemodynamic compromise or pericardial effusion and the patient was discharged the next day. Overall procedural success in these selected cases (where a guidewire had already crossed the CTO) was 89.3% (25/28). The GuideLiner mother-and-child catheter is a simple, safe and efficacious adjunctive device for difficult CTO PCIs where despite standard measures it is not possible to deliver an initial balloon or microcatheter across the occluded segment.
    Journal of Interventional Cardiology 08/2013; 26(4):343-50. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives This study sought to determine the impact of short-term intensive statin therapy on intracoronary plaque lipid content.Background Statin therapy significantly reduces the risk for thrombotic events. Whether or not these benefits are attributable to reduction in plaque lipid content remains to be properly documented in human obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods We randomized 87 patients with multivessel CAD undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention and at least 1 other severely obstructive (fractional flow reserve [FFR] ≤0.8) nontarget lesion (NTL) to intensive (rosuvastatin 40 mg daily) or standard-of-care lipid-lowering therapy. NTLs were evaluated at baseline and after 7 weeks of therapy with FFR, near-infrared spectroscopy, and intravascular ultrasound. The primary endpoint was the change in lipid-core burden index at the 4-mm maximal segment (LCBI4mm max), wherever this occurred within the lesion.Results Upon follow-up, median reduction (95% confidence interval) in LCBI4mm max was significantly greater in the intensive versus standard group (−149.1 [−210.9 to −42.9] vs. 2.4 [−36.1 to 44.7]; p = 0.01). Results remained consistent after adjustment for baseline differences in LCBI between groups and use of change in LCBI across the entire lesion as the dependent outcome.Conclusions Short-term intensive statin therapy may reduce lipid content in obstructive lesions. These hypothesis-generating findings warrant confirmation in larger studies with longer follow-up. (Reduction in YEllow Plaque by Aggressive Lipid LOWering Therapy [YELLOW]); NCT01567826)
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 07/2013; 62(1):21-29. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To compare the discriminatory value of differing risk scores for predicting clinical outcomes following PCI in routine practice. Background: Various risk scores predict outcomes after PCI. However, these scores consider markedly different factors, from purely anatomical (SYNTAX risk score [SRS]) to purely clinical (ACEF, modified ACEF [ACEFmod], NCDR), while other scores combine both elements (Clinical SYNTAX score [CSS], NY State Risk Score [NYSRS]). Methods: Patients with triple vessel and/or LM disease with 12 month follow-up were studied from a single center PCI registry. Exclusion criteria included STEMI presentation, prior revascularization and shock. Clinical events at 12 months were compared to baseline risk scores, according to score tertiles and area under receiver-operating-characteristic curves (AUC). Results: We identified 584 eligible patients (69.8±12.3yrs, 405 males). All scores were predictive of mortality, with the SRS being least predictive (AUC=0.66). The most accurate scores for mortality were the CSS and ACEF (AUC=0.76 for both: p=0.019 and 0.08 vs. SRS, respectively). For TLR, while the SRS trended toward being positively predictive (p=0.075), several scores trended towards a negative association, which reached significance for the NCDR (p=0.045). The SRS and CSS were the only scores predictive of MI (both p<0.05). No score was particularly accurate for predicting MACE (death+MI+TLR), with AUCs ranging from 0.53 (NCDR) to 0.63 (SRS). Conclusions: Competing factors influence mortality, MI and TLR after PCI. An increasing burden of comorbidities is associated with mortality, whereas anatomical complexity predicts MI. By combining these outcomes to predict MACE, all scores show reduced utility. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 05/2013; · 2.51 Impact Factor
  • JACC. Cardiovascular imaging 03/2013; 6(3):290-6. · 14.29 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
658.88 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1993–2014
    • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
      • • Division of Cardiology
      • • Cardiovascular Research Institute
      Manhattan, New York, United States
  • 1990–2014
    • Mount Sinai Medical Center
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2013
    • Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
      Rochester, Michigan, United States
  • 1993–2013
    • Mount Sinai Hospital
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2012
    • Massachusetts General Hospital
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2004
    • Devry College of New York, USA
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 1998
    • New York State
      New York City, New York, United States