Zhihua Zou

Jimei University, Amoy, Fujian, China

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Publications (30)62.86 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The biological activity of estrogens in target organs is mainly mediated by estrogen receptors (ERs). Herein, we addressed the isolation and expression analysis of three nuclear estrogen receptors, namely LcERα, LcERβ1, and LcERβ2 from Larimichthys crocea by means of SMART-RACE, qRT-PCR, and in situ hybridization. Results in different tissues showed that both LcERα and LcERβ2 had the highest expression levels in female liver, followed by testis, but LcERβ1 expression level was significantly higher in testis and ovary than in other tissues. Expression of LcERα and LcERβ2 was significantly higher than LcERβ1 in female liver, and LcERβ2 was significantly higher than LcERα and LcERβ1 in male liver. Moreover, we analyzed the expression of LcERs in gonad and liver at three different growth stages during the same breeding season. Significant up-regulated expression of LcERα and LcERβ2 were found in female liver at 1000 dph compared with at 270 dph. The expression of LcERβ2 was prominently higher in male liver than LcERα, LcERβ1 and LcAR, while LcERβ1 was lower than other receptors in male and female liver at all the three stages. In ovary, LcERα at 270 dph was lower than at 635 dph and 1000 dph, but had no significant change in testis. The two LcERβ subtypes and LcAR highly expressed in the early testis, and gradually decrease with the development of testis. In embryogenesis, a significant increase in the expression of LcERα and LcERβ2 were observed after appearance of optic vesicles phase (11.8 hpf). LcERβ1 gradually decrease with the embryogenesis but increased dramatically at 1dpf. Results of in situ hybridization showed that signals of LcERα and LcERβ1 mRNA were mainly detected in Stage I ∼ Stage IV oocytes, as well as in follicle cells around the Stage II ∼ Stage IV and degenerated oocytes. Signals of LcERβ2 were detected in the cytoplasm of Stage I and Stage II oocytes but not in the follicle cells of all oocytes stages. In parallel, LcERα and LcERβ1 were detected in all cell types of spermatogenesis, but in terms of LcERβ2, little or no signals were detected during spermatogenesis. Based on these results, we deduced that both LcERα and LcERβ2 play a major role in mediating the physiological effects of estrogen in female liver, and LcERβ2 maybe also play an important role in regulation of vitellogenesis in male liver. Differential expression of LcERs and LcAR imply their physiological functions during development and differentiation of gonad. The signals for LcERα and LcERβ1 in follicle cells suggested that the follicle cell maybe an important site of estrogen action, by which estrogens exert influences on the maturation oocytes and ovulation. Furthermore,the steroid hormones produced by follicle cells may be related to the differential distributions among ER subtypes. Besides, we deduced that LcERα and LcERβ1 rather than LcERβ2 may play a major role in spermatogenesis of croaker. However, the differential expression of LcERβ2 during gametogenesis also implicates its certain functions in mediating physiological process of estrogen action. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    General and Comparative Endocrinology 04/2015; 216. DOI:10.1016/j.ygcen.2015.04.005 · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inhibitor of NF-κB (IκB), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), and Akirin2 are all important members of Rel/NF-κB signaling pathway, which plays a pivotal role in regulating the innate immune response of vertebrates and invertebrates. In this study, the IκB (SaIκB) and Akirin2 (SaAkirin2) cDNAs of small abalone Haliotis diversicolor were cloned and characterized. The full length cDNA of SaIκB and SaAkirin2 were 1748 bp and 1452 bp respectively, encoding a protein of 401 aa and 401 aa respectively. A conserved degradation motif (DS56GIYS60) and six ankyrin repeats were identified in the SaIκB by SMART analysis. Meanwhile, a typical nuclear localization signal (NLS) was found at the N-terminal region of the SaAkirin2 protein. Also, the mRNA expression level of SaIκB, SaAkirin2, and AbNF-κB were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. The results revealed that all these three genes were ubiquitously expressed in 7 selected tissues. The expression level of SaIκB in gills was higher than that in other tissues (P<0.05) while the expression level of AbNF-κB was significantly higher in hepatopancreas and haemocytes. The highest expression level of SaAkirin2 was detected in hepatopancreas, followed by mantle. The mRNA expression levels in either gills or haemocytes of SaIκB, SaAkirin2, and AbNF-κB were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05) post thermal stress, hypoxia exposure, thermal plus hypoxia stress and the injection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. These results indicated that these three NF-κB signaling pathway-related genes are involved in response to bacterial infection and play essential roles in response to thermal and hypoxia stress.
    Fish &amp Shellfish Immunology 08/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.fsi.2014.08.022 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The green mud crab (Scylla paramamosain) is the most prevalent crustacean on the southeast coast of China. The molecular regulatory mechanism of sex determination and gonadal differentiation in this species has received considerable attention in recent years because of the huge differences—both biological and economic—between male and female crabs. In this study, next-generation sequencing technology was used to develop deep-coverage transcriptomic sequencing data for the testis and ovary of S. paramamosain. Results A total of 365,116 reads (testis 171,962, ovary 193,154) with an average sequence length of 285 bp were produced from testis and ovary cDNA libraries. After filtering out contaminating reads, the clean reads were assembled, producing a total of 21,791 isotigs and leaving 22,814 reads as singlets. Using the BLASTX program, 3,471 unique sequences (2,275 isotigs and 1,196 singletons) were annotated with known protein sequences from the NCBI non-redundant (Nr) protein sequence database. The Gene Ontology and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) analyses allowed the 224 unique sequences that were annotated with enzyme code (EC) numbers to be mapped into 174 KEGG pathways. After comparing the ovary and testis libraries, 4,021 gonad-differentially, 10,522 ovary-specifically, and 19,013 testis-specifically expressed genes were identified. Moreover, 33 ovary-specific, 14 testis-specific, and 34 gonad-differential transcripts were confirmed by semi-quantitative PCR and quantitative real-time PCR. In addition, 8,610 putative simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and 23,879 potential single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified. Conclusion This is the first large-scale RNA sequencing of S. paramamosain to be reported. We have identified many important functional genes and made a preliminary attempt to construct the regulatory network involved in the gonadal development of crustaceans. The annotated transcriptome data will provide fundamental support for future research into the reproduction biology of S. paramamosain. A large number of candidate SSRs and SNPs were detected, which could be used as genetic markers for population genetics and functional genomics in this species. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/1471-2164-15-585) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
    BMC Genomics 07/2014; 15(1):585. DOI:10.1186/1471-2164-15-585 · 4.04 Impact Factor
  • 12/2013; 19(6):946-955. DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1118.2012.00946
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, molecular characterization and expression of three heat shock responsive genes were analyzed as indicators to understand the mechanism of heat shock response of small abalone Haliotis diversicolor under stresses. The full length cDNA of heat shock transcriptional factor 1 (HdHSF1), heat shock factor binding protein 1(HSBP1), and heat shock protein 90 (HdHSP90) are 1548 bp, 809 bp, and 2592 bp respectively, encoding a protein of 515 aa, 75 aa, and 728 aa respectively. Real time quantitative PCR analysis revealed that these three genes are constitutively expressed in 7 selected tissues. The expression level of HdHSF1 in gills was higher than that in other tissues (p < 0.05). The highest expression level of HdHSBP1 was detected in hemocytes. The highest expression level of HdHSP90 was in the digestive tract and colleterial gland. The HdHSF1 expression level in the gills was up-regulated significantly (p < 0.05) after thermal stress and hypoxia exposure respectively. On the contrary, HdHSBP1 was down-regulated both in gills and hemocytes after thermal stress and the same as in gills after hypoxia stress. HdHSP90 expression level was also up-regulated in gills and hemocytes after both thermal and hypoxia stresses. These results indicated that these three heat shock responsive genes play important roles in response to thermal and hypoxia stress.
    Fish &amp Shellfish Immunology 12/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.fsi.2013.11.013 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and hypoxia inducible factor-1β (HIF-1β) from small abalone Haliotis diversicolor were cloned. The cDNA of H. diversicolor HIF-1α (HdHIF-1α) is 2833bp encoding a protein of 711aa and H. diversicolor HIF-1β (HdHIF-1β) is 1919bp encoding a protein of 590aa. Similar to other species' HIF-1, HdHIF-1 has one basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain and two Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS) domains, and HdHIF-1α has a oxygen-dependent degradation domain (ODDD) with two proline hydroxylation motifs and a C-terminal transactivation domain (C-TAD) with an asparagine hydroxylation motif. Under normoxic conditions, HdHIF-1α and HdHIF-1β mRNAs were constitutively present in all examined tissues. Under hypoxia (2.0mg/L DO at 25°C) stress, HdHIF-1α expression was up-regulated in gills at 4h, 24h and 96h, and in hemocytes at 24h and 96h, while HdHIF-1β remained relatively constant. Under thermal stress (31°C), HdHIF-1α expression was significantly increased in gills at 4h, and hemocytes at 0h and 4h, while HdHIF-1β expression still remained relatively constant. These results suggested that HIF-1α may play an important role in adaption to poor environment in H. diversicolor.
    Gene 11/2013; 534(2). DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2013.10.048 · 2.08 Impact Factor
  • 10/2013; 20(5):939-949. DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1118.2013.00939
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    ABSTRACT: The full-length (7816 bp) cDNA of Vitellogenin (Vtg) encoding 2560 aa with an estimated molecular mass of 287.743 kDa was cloned from the green mud crab Scylla paramamosain. Semi-quantitative PCR (sq-PCR) revealed a specific expression pattern of Sp-vtg gene in ovaries and hepatopancreas. With the development of ovaries, the expression level of Sp-vtg gene showed an increasing trend both in ovaries and hepatopancreas, and the expression level of Sp-vtg gene in hepatopancreas and ovary was stable after stage IV. By in situ hybridization, the positive signals of Sp-vtg gene were detected in the cytoplasm of oocytes in stage I, in the follicle cell and the surrounding of the nucleus in stage III, and in the nucleus in stage V. Furthermore, the signals become stronger with the later development stages of ovary. Moreover, in situ hybridization analysis revealed that positive signals of Sp-vtg gene are present in the hepatopancreatic tubule, and the signals increase during the development, becoming the strongest in stage V. Our results indicate that both ovaries and hepatopancreas are sites of Vitellogenin gene synthesis in S. paramamosain.
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    ABSTRACT: The full-length (7816bp) cDNA of Vitellogenin (Vtg) encoding 2560 aa with an estimated molecular mass of 287.743kDa was cloned from the green mud crab Scylla paramamosain. Semi-quantitative PCR (sq-PCR) revealed a specific expression pattern of Sp-vtg gene in ovaries and hepatopancreas. With the development of ovaries, the expression level of Sp-vtg gene showed an increasing trend both in ovaries and hepatopancreas, and the expression level of Sp-vtg gene in hepatopancreas and ovary was stable after stage IV. By in situ hybridization, the positive signals of Sp-vtg gene were detected in the cytoplasm of oocytes in stage I, in the follicle cell and the surrounding of the nucleus in stage III, and in the nucleus in stage V. Furthermore, the signals become stronger with the later development stages of ovary. Moreover, in situ hybridization analysis revealed that positive signals of Sp-vtg gene present in the hepatopancreatic tubule, and the signals increase during the development, becoming the strongest in stage V. Our results indicate that both ovaries and hepatopancreas are site of vitellogenin gene synthesis in S. paramamosain.
    Gene 03/2013; 520(2). DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2013.02.035 · 2.08 Impact Factor
  • 01/2013; 37(6):830. DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1231.2013.38463
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    ABSTRACT: A selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase cDNA was obtained from green mud crab Scylla paramamosain (SpGPx) by homology PCR technique and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) methods. The 1135 bp full-length cDNA contains a 9 bp 5′-untranslated region (UTR), an open reading frame (ORF) of 564 bp encoded a deduced protein of 187 amino acids (aa), and a 562 bp 3′-UTR with a 100 bp conserved eukaryotic selenocysteine insertion sequence (SECIS). It involves a putative selenocysteine (Sec40, or U40) residue which is encoded by an opal codon, 127TGA129, and forms an active site with residues Q74 and W142. Sequence characterization revealed that SpGPx contain a characteristic GPx signature motif 2 (64LAFPCNQF71), an active site motif (152WNFEKF157), a potential N-glycosylation site (76NTT78), and two residues (R90 and R168) which contribute to the electrostatic architecture by directing the glutathione donor substrate. Multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis showed that SpGPx share a high level of identities and closer relationship with other selected invertebrate GPxs and vertebrate GPx1 and GPx2. Molecular modelling analysis results also supported these observations. Real time quantitative PCR analysis revealed that SpGPx was constitutively expressed in 10 selected tissues, and its expression level in gill and testis was higher than that in the other tissues (p < 0.05). The SpGPx expression increased and then declined during ovarian and testicular development implying thatnscrpits yowed that SpGPx might play an important role in gonad development by protecting them from oxidative stress. The expression of SpGPx mRNA was induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in hepatopancreas and haemocytes. The results suggested that SpGPx was implicated in the immune response induced by LPS and H2O2.
    Fish &amp Shellfish Immunology 09/2012; 33(3):532–542. DOI:10.1016/j.fsi.2012.06.004 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Androgens mediate a wide range of physiological responses and developmental processes in vertebrates, involving both reproductive and nonreproductive systems. The activity of androgens is mediated by the androgen receptor (AR), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily. In this study, an AR gene was cloned from the large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea) for the first time. qRT-PCR revealed ubiquitous expression of AR in all adult tissues examined, with higher expression in the gonad and liver of both sexes and highest expression in the blastula stage of embryonic development. Using in situ hybridization, we detected positive signals of AR in the spermatogonium, spermatocyte, spermatid, and spermatozoon during spermatogenesis, in the cytoplasm of all oocytes during oogenesis and in the follicle cells of stage IV oocytes. Our findings support the important role that AR plays in gametogenesis, gonadal development, and the early stages of embryonic development.
    Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 08/2012; 39(2). DOI:10.1007/s10695-012-9701-6 · 1.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The maturation promoting factor (MPF) is a key regulator of controlling G2/M phase transition in the meiotic maturation of oocyte and spermatocyte in animals, which is a complex of CDC2 (CDK1) and cyclin B. To better understand the molecular mechanism of oocyte and spermatocyte maturation in mud crab (Scylla paramamosain), the full length cDNA of cdc2 (Sp-cdc2) and cyclin B (Sp-cyclin B) were cloned and characterized. The full length cDNA of Sp-cdc2 gene is of 1593bp encoding a protein of 299 amino acids. Real-time quantitative PCR analysis revealed that the expression level of Sp-cdc2 in the ovary was higher than in other tissues (P<0.01); and its expression level was not significantly different in different stages of ovary development (P>0.05), meanwhile there was higher expression in T3 stage than in T1 and T2 stages (P<0.05). The full length cDNA of Sp-cyclin B is 1492bp encoding a protein of 391 amino acids. The real-time PCR results showed that its expression level in the ovary was the highest in all examined tissues (P<0.01), and the gonad expression level in O5 stage was significantly higher than in previous 4 stages and the testis (P<0.05), and was also significantly higher in T2 stage than in T1 stage (P<0.05). In situ hybridization analysis showed that the expressions of Sp-cdc2 and Sp-cyclin B transcripts were presented in similar distribution patterns in different developing stages of ovary and testis. The positive signals of Sp-cdc2 and Sp-cyclin B mRNA were detected in the oocytoplasm of oogonia and pre-vitellogenic and primary vitellogenic oocytes, while these two genes had higher expression level in the spermatid and secondary spermatocyte following primary spermatocyte. These results suggested that Sp-cdc2 and Sp-cyclin B may play essential roles in the oogenesis and spermatogenesis of the crab.
    Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology 07/2012; 163(3-4):292-302. DOI:10.1016/j.cbpb.2012.07.001 · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin receptor-associated kinase (IRAK)-1 binding protein 1 (IRAK1BP1) is a critical factor in preventing dangerous overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines by the innate immune system and in influencing the specificity of TLR responses. In this study, a first molluscan IRAK1BP1 gene, saIRAK1BP1, was cloned from the small abalone (Haliotis diversicolor). Its full-length cDNA sequence is 1047bp, with a 747bp open reading frame encoding a protein of 249 aa. The molecular mass of the deduced protein is approximately 28.1kDa with an estimated pI of 8.87, and shows highest identity (52%) to acorn worm Saccoglossus kowalevskii. Amino acid sequence analysis revealed that saIRAK1BP1 shares a conserved SIMPL domain. Quantitative real-time PCR was employed to investigate the tissue distribution of saIRAK1BP1 mRNA, and its expression in abalone under bacteria challenge and larvae at different developmental stages. The saIRAK1BP1 mRNA could be detected in all examined tissues, with the highest expression level in hemocytes, and was up-regulated in gills, kidneys and hemocytes after bacteria injection. Additionally, saIRAK1BP1 was constitutively expressed at all examined developmental stages. These results indicate that saIRAK1BP1 play an important role in the adult abalone immune system and might be essential in embryo and larval development in abalone.
    Gene 07/2012; 506(2):417-22. DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2012.06.038 · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7), the only member of the IGFBP superfamily that binds strongly to insulin, may have different functions from other IGFBPs. Unlike other IGFBPs, there is no knowledge available on aquatic invertebrate IGFBP7. In this study, a molluscan IGFBP7 gene, saIGFBP7, was cloned for the first time from the small abalone Haliotis diversicolor. Its full-length cDNA sequence is 1812 bp, with a 720 bp open reading frame encoding a protein of 239 aa. The molecular mass of the deduced protein is approximately 25.37 kDa with an estimated pI of 5.00, and it shares highest 41% identity to IGFBP7 of Amblyomma americanum. Analysis of conserved domains revealed the presence of an IGFBP N-terminal domain (IB), a kazal-type serine proteinase inhibitor domain (KI), and an immunoglobulin-like C2 domain (IgC2) in saIGFBP7. Furthermore, the 12 cysteine residues and the signature amino acid motif 'xCGCCxxC' which are characterized by the amino terminus region of the IGFBP superfamily are all presented in saIGFBP7. Quantitative real-time PCR and western blot were employed to investigate the tissue distribution of saIGFBP7, and its expression under bacterial challenge. The saIGFBP7 mRNA and protein could be detected in all examined tissues, with the highest expression level in hemocytes, higher expression level in gills, and was up-regulated in hemocytes and gills after bacterial injection. In addition, saIGFBP7 mRNA transcripts were observed in a subset of the branchial epithelium and the nucleus of hemocytes using the in situ hybridization method. Interestingly, saIGFBP7 was detected mainly in the goblet-like cell of the branchial epithelium by immunohistochemistry. These results suggested that saIGFBP7 was likely to be involved in a function associated with pathogenic infection and may play an important role in the adult abalone immune system.
    Fish &amp Shellfish Immunology 05/2012; 33(2):229-42. DOI:10.1016/j.fsi.2012.04.016 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The small ubiquitin-related modifier-1 (SUMO-1) is a member of a family of ubiquitin-related proteins. SUMO pathway, which is involved in gene expression in eukaryotic posttranslational processing, plays important roles in gene expression, genomic stability and the occurrence of cells, development and other biological processes. Scylla paramamosain is one of the important economic breeding crabs in the southeast coast of China. To date, little is known about the distinct roles of SUMO in crustacean, especially in crabs. In the present study, we report the identification and characterization of mud crab, S. paramamosain SUMO-1 (SpSUMO-1) gene using an approach which combines expressed sequence tag (EST) and rapid amplification cDNA end (RACE). The full length cDNA of SpSUMO-1 gene (GenBank: HM581660) is of 732 bp, including a 282 bp open reading frame which encodes a protein of 93 amino acids. Tissue distribution analysis showed that SpSUMO-1 was expressed more abundantly in the ovary than in other tissues (P<0.01). And the expression profiles of SpSUMO-1 in the different gonad developing stages revealed that the highest expression of SpSUMO-1 occurred at proliferation stage, and then decreased gradually as the ovarian development progressed, while in the testis, the expression level of SpSUMO-1 was relatively stable at different stages of testis development. The distribution of SpSUMO-1 mRNA and its protein was observed in the crab gametogenesis by in situ hybridization and immunocytochemical method respectively. In oogenesis, SpSUMO-1 transcripts presented at the cytoplasm and nucleus of oocytes from proliferation stage to primary vitellogenesis stage, but only appeared in the nucleus of oocytes in secondary and tertiary vitellogenesis stages. Meanwhile, SpSUMO-1 protein was localized in the cytoplasm of oogonia and different developing oocytes. On the other hand, the SpSUMO-1 transcript was detected throughout the spermatogenesis, with the strong positive signals of SpSUMO-1 presented at the nuclei of primary and secondary spermatocytes, spermatids and spermatozoa. Interestingly, the positive signals of acrosomal tubules of spermatozoa were also detected. SpSUMO-1 protein was localized in spermatogonium, primary spermatocyte, secondary spermatocyte and spermatid, but the positive signal was only detected in the nucleus of spermatozoa. All these results suggested that SUMO-1 may play essential roles in the gametogenesis of the crustacea.
    Gene 05/2012; 503(2):260-8. DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2012.04.056 · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: VASA is one of the important regulatory factors that determine the development of the reproductive system. However, no information on vasa gene from Pleocyemata Brachyura is available. By using Race, we obtained a full-length cDNA of Sp-vasa of the green mud crab Scylla paramamosain. The full-length (2,851 bp) cDNA of vasa encodes a peptide of 631 amino acids. Real-time PCR results indicated that the expression level of Sp-vasa in the growth stage of ovary was higher than in the maturation stage, and in stage I and II of testis, the expression level of Sp-vasa were higher than in stage III. By using in situ hybridization, Sp-vasa RNAs were detected in the large part of oocyte plasm in stage I, nucleus zone in stage III and perinuclear zone in stage V. As the size of oocytes increases during oogenesis, the signals change from strong to weak. In addition, in stage I and II of testis, the expression levels of Sp-vasa were higher than in stage III, and the hybridization intensity of Sp-vasa gene gradually increased during spermatogenesis from spermatogonia to spermatids. However, no hybridization signal was detected in spermatozoon. Real-time PCR and in situ hybridization were consistent. These findings suggest that Sp-vasa is likely to serve as a useful and specific marker for germ cell development of S. paramamosain.
    Molecular Biology Reports 04/2012; 39(4). DOI:10.1007/s11033-011-1220-5 · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We identified extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (erk2) from green mud crab, Scylla paramamosain, in this article. It was originally identified from an expressed sequence tag fragment from a normalized gonadal cDNA library. 5' Rapid amplification of cDNA end (RACE) technique was used to obtain the 5' untranslated region (UTR). The full-length cDNA of Sp-erk2 is 1516 bp, including a 5'-terminal UTR of 19 bp, an open-reading frame of 1098 bp, and a 3'-terminal UTR of 399 bp. The translated protein is 365 amino acids in length with a predicted molecular weight of 42 kDa, which is the same as other species. It is the first time that the expression of Sp-erk2 in different stages of ovary development of crustacean was analyzed, and the result showed that the expression of Sp-erk2 increased gradually with ovarian development, with a peak in the mature phase. In situ hybridization histochemistry was used to clarify the detail of expression. Positive signals illustrated that Sp-erk2 mRNA is present in follicular cells when the ovary is in early stages, and in both follicular cells and oocytes when it is in mature phases. All above suggest that Sp-erk2 is important for ovarian development.
    DNA and cell biology 03/2012; 31(7):1233-44. DOI:10.1089/dna.2011.1458 · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the gene expression profiling of small abalone, Haliotis diversicolor by tributyltin (TBT) exposure using a cDNA microarray containing 2473 unique transcripts. Totally, 107 up-regulated genes and 41 down-regulated genes were found. For further investigation of candidate genes from microarray data and EST analysis, quantitative real-time PCR was performed at 6 h, 24 h, 48 h, 96 h and 192 h TBT exposure. 26 genes were found to be significantly differentially expressed in different time course, 3 of them were unknown. Some gene homologues like cellulose, endo-beta-1,4-glucanase, ferritin subunit 1 and thiolester containing protein II CG7052-PB might be the good biomarker candidate for TBT monitor. The identification of stress response genes and their expression profiles will permit detailed investigation of the defense responses of small abalone genes.
    Fish &amp Shellfish Immunology 10/2011; 31(4):557-63. DOI:10.1016/j.fsi.2011.07.004 · 3.03 Impact Factor