Ian W Flinn

Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Nashville, Tennessee, United States

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Publications (118)954.99 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: CD37 is cell surface tetraspanin present on normal and malignant B cells. Otlertuzumab (TRU-016) is a novel humanized anti-CD37 protein therapeutic. Patients with relapsed or refractory follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma (FL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), or Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia (WM) received otlertuzumab at 20 mg/kg administered intravenously once a week for up to 8 weeks followed by 4 monthly doses. Sixteen patients were treated; median age was 62·5 years (range, 41–81), and median number of prior regimens was 4 (range, 1–7). Twelve patients were refractory to prior treatment, 5 were refractory to rituximab. The mean terminal half-life was 9·5 days. Lymph node reduction of ≥50% by computerized tomography scan measurements was seen in 3 of 12 patients, including one FL patient who had a partial response. One WM patient had a minor response. The most frequent adverse events were neutropenia, fatigue, nausea, thrombocytopenia, diarrhoea, and peripheral oedema; most were grade 1/2. Otlertuzumab treatment appears to have been well tolerated by the patients in this study. Clinical activity was observed in this small heterogeneous cohort of highly refractory, heavily pretreated B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients. These data suggest that further clinical investigation in non-Hodgkin lymphoma is warranted.
    British Journal of Haematology 08/2014; · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lumiliximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody that targets CD23 on the surface of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) B-cells. Early phase clinical studies with lumiliximab alone and in combination with fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab (FCR) established its potential efficacy and tolerability. The 152CL201 trial [Lumiliximab with fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab (FCR) versus FCR alone in subjects with relapsed CLL; LUCID] was a phase 2/3, randomized (1:1), open-label, multicentre study of lumiliximab in combination with FCR versus FCR alone in patients with relapsed CLL. Six hundred and twenty-seven patients were randomized to either arm. Overall the combination of lumiliximab with FCR was not significantly better than FCR alone (overall response rate 71% vs. 72%, complete response rate 16% vs. 15%, median progression-free survival 24.6 vs. 23.9 months respectively, for FCR with and without lumiliximab). There was a slightly increased incidence of adverse events with lumiliximab but these increases did not appear to lead to differences in eventual outcomes. An interim analysis failed to show sufficient efficacy of the combination of lumiliximab with FCR. The study was therefore stopped early for lack of efficacy. Despite the eventual outcome, the LUCID trial is one of the largest studies that provides valuable insight into the efficacy and tolerability of FCR as a therapeutic option for patients with relapsed CLL.
    British Journal of Haematology 08/2014; · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Idiotypes (Ids), the unique portions of tumor immunoglobulins, can serve as targets for passive and active immunotherapies for lymphoma. We performed a multicenter, randomized trial comparing a specific vaccine (MyVax), comprising Id chemically coupled to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) plus granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) to a control immunotherapy with KLH plus GM-CSF. Patients with previously untreated advanced-stage follicular lymphoma (FL) received eight cycles of chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone. Those achieving sustained partial or complete remission (n = 287 [44%]) were randomly assigned at a ratio of 2:1 to receive one injection per month for 7 months of MyVax or control immunotherapy. Anti-Id antibody responses (humoral immune responses [IRs]) were measured before each immunization. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary end points included IR and time to subsequent antilymphoma therapy. At a median follow-up of 58 months, no significant difference was observed in either PFS or time to next therapy between the two arms. In the MyVax group (n = 195), anti-Id IRs were observed in 41% of patients, with a median PFS of 40 months, significantly exceeding the median PFS observed in patients without such Id-induced IRs and in those receiving control immunotherapy. This trial failed to demonstrate clinical benefit of specific immunotherapy. The subset of vaccinated patients mounting specific anti-Id responses had superior outcomes. Whether this reflects a therapeutic benefit or is a marker for more favorable underlying prognosis requires further study.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 05/2014; · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The E2997 Phase III trial included preservation of valuable chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patient specimens and relevant clinical outcome data. Using a novel high-resolution technology on a flow cytometry platform, we assessed 79 E2997 samples for the expression of 27 analytes that reflected the activity of signaling pathways and apoptosis. We found that the expression levels of ZAP70 segregated the samples into two subpopulations with the distribution showing a peak-trough-peak configuration. Although prior assessment of ZAP70 by standard procedures did not reveal any prognostic information, we found by using the trough in the distribution as a cutpoint that ZAP70 expression levels were significantly correlated with both progression-free survival and overall survival. Additionally, the cells expressing high versus low levels of ZAP70 demonstrated distinct molecular organization as indicated by the other analytes assessed. Our analysis demonstrates the value of ZAP70 expression as a prognostic indicator and suggests that the different clinical results may be due to the distinct molecular biology of the ZAP70-low versus the ZAP70-high CLL samples. © 2014 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry
    Cytometry Part A 05/2014; · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract This Phase 2 study assessed safety and efficacy of ocaratuzumab, a humanized anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody. Fifty patients with previously treated follicular lymphoma (FL) and a low-affinity genotype of FcγRIIIa received ocaratuzumab 375 mg/m(2) weekly for 4 weeks. Grade 3/4/5 AEs were reported in 11/1/1 patients, respectively. Serious AEs were reported by 11/50 patients, and 3 discontinued due to AEs. One patient died from aspiration pneumonia due to possibly drug-related nausea and vomiting. Investigator-assessed response rate was 30% (15/50), including 4 CRs, 3 CRus, and 8 PRs. Investigator-assessed median PFS was 38.3 weeks. Ocaratuzumab's pharmacokinetic profile was similar to that reported for rituximab. Lymphocyte subset analysis showed significant, selective reduction of B-cells during and after ocaratuzumab treatment. Ocaratuzumab at this dose and schedule is active and well tolerated in patients with previously treated FL with low affinity FcγRIIIa genotypes. The study protocol and informed consent were approved by the institutional review boards for each participating institution. ClinTrials registry number: NCT00354926.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 04/2014; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Idelalisib, an oral inhibitor of PI3Kδ, was evaluated in a 48-week phase I study (50-350 mg qd or bid) enrolling 40 patients with relapsed/refractory mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Primary outcome was safety and dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). Secondary outcomes were pharmacokinetic parameters, pharmacodynamic effects, overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), and duration of response (DOR). Patients without DLT and no evidence of disease progression after 48 weeks enrolled in the extension study. Patients had median age of 69 years (52-83) and received median of 4 prior therapies (1-14); 17/40 (43%) were refractory to their most recent treatment. Median duration of idelalisib treatment was 3.5 months (range, 0.7-30.7), with 6 (15%) continuing extension treatment. Common grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) included (total%/grade ≥3%) diarrhea (40/18), nausea (33/5), pyrexia (28/0), fatigue (25/3), rash (23/3), decreased appetite (20/15), upper respiratory infection (20/0), pneumonia (13/10), and ALT or AST elevations (60/20). Nine (25%) patients discontinued therapy due to AEs. ORR was 16/40 (40%), with CR in 2/40 (5%) patients. Median DOR was 2.7 months, median PFS was 3.7 months, and 1-year PFS was 22%. These data provide proof of concept that targeting PI3Kδ is a viable strategy and worthy of additional study in MCL. This study is registered at Clinicaltrials.gov, identifier: NCT00710528.
    Blood 03/2014; · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a Phase 1 trial, idelalisib (GS 1101, CAL 101), a selective inhibitor of the lipid kinase PI3Kδ, was evaluated in 54 patients with relapsed/refractory CLL and multiple adverse characteristics including bulky lymphadenopathy (80%), extensive prior therapy (median 5 [range 2-14] prior regimens), treatment-refractory disease (70%), unmutated IGHV (91%), and del17p and/or TP53 mutation (24%). Patients were treated at 6 dose levels of oral idelalisib, ranging from 50 350 mg once or twice daily, and remained on continuous therapy while deriving clinical benefit. Idelalisib-mediated inhibition of PI3Kδ led to abrogation of Akt phosphorylation in patient CLL cells and significantly reduced serum levels of CLL-related chemo- and cytokines. The most commonly observed Grade ≥3 adverse events were pneumonia (20%), neutropenic fever (11%) and diarrhea (6%). Idelalisib treatment resulted in nodal responses in 81% of patients. The ORR was 72%, with 39% of patients meeting the criteria for partial response per IWCLL 2008 and 33% meeting the recently updated criteria of PR with treatment-induced lymphocytosis. The median PFS for all patients was 15.8 months; the median OS was not reached. This study demonstrates the clinical utility of inhibiting the PI3Kδ pathway with idelalisib. Our findings support the further development of idelalisib in patients with CLL. These studies are registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, Identifiers: NCT00710528 and NCT01090414.
    Blood 03/2014; · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Idelalisib (GS-1101, CAL-101), an oral inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-δ, was evaluated in a phase I study in 64 patients with relapsed indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (iNHL). Patients had a median (range) age of 64 (32-91) years, 34 (53%) had bulky disease (≥1 lymph nodes ≥5 cm), and 37 (58%) had refractory disease. Patients had received a median (range) of 4 (1-10) prior therapies. Eight dose regimens of idelalisib were evaluated; idelalisib was taken once or twice daily continuously at doses ranging from 50 to 350 mg. After 48 weeks, patients still benefitting (n=19; 30%) enrolled into an extension study. Adverse events occurring in 20% or more patients (AEs, total%/grade ≥3%) included diarrhea (36/8), fatigue (36/3), nausea (25/3), rash (25/3), pyrexia (20/3), chills (20/0). Laboratory abnormalities included neutropenia (44/23), anemia (31/5), thrombocytopenia (25/11), and serum transaminase elevations (48/25). Twelve (19%) patients discontinued therapy due to AEs. Idelalisib induced disease regression in 46/54 (85%) of evaluable patients achieving an overall response rate of 30/64 (47%), with 1 patient having a complete response (1.6%). Median duration of response was 18.4 months, median progression-free survival was 7.6 months. Idelalisib is well tolerated and active in heavily pretreated, relapsed/refractory patients with iNHL. These studies are registered at clinicaltrials.gov, Identifiers: NCT00710528 and NCT01090414.
    Blood 03/2014; · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This randomized, noninferiority, global, phase 3 study evaluated the efficacy and safety of bendamustine plus rituximab (BR) versus a standard rituximab-chemotherapy regimen (rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone [R-CHOP] or rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone [R-CVP]) for treatment-naive patients with indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or mantle cell lymphoma. Investigators preassigned the standard treatment regimen they considered most appropriate for each patient; patients were randomized to receive BR (n = 224) or standard therapy (R-CHOP/R-CVP, n = 223) for 6 cycles; 2 additional cycles were permitted at investigator discretion. Response was assessed by a blinded independent review committee. BR was noninferior to R-CHOP/R-CVP, as assessed by the primary endpoint of complete response rate (31% vs 25%, respectively; P = .0225 for noninferiority [0.88 margin]). The overall response rates for BR and R-CHOP/R-CVP were 97% and 91%, respectively (P = .0102). Incidences of vomiting and drug-hypersensitivity reactions were significantly higher in patients treated with BR (P < .05), and incidences of peripheral neuropathy/paresthesia and alopecia were significantly higher in patients treated with standard-therapy regimens (P < .05). These data indicate BR is noninferior to standard therapy with regard to clinical response with an acceptable safety profile. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00877006.
    Blood 03/2014; · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This open-label, phase II study investigated whether enzastaurin, a protein kinase C-beta (PKCβ) inhibitor, had activity in patients with grade 1 or 2 follicular lymphoma (FL). Adults with grade 1 or 2 FL who had no more than one prior treatment received oral enzastaurin continuously for up to 3 years. Of the 66 patients who received enzastaurin, 53 were evaluable for response. Overall response rate (ORR, primary efficacy endpoint) was 26·4% (3·8% complete response). Median (95% confidence interval) progression-free survival, time to response, and duration of response were 18·1 (11·5–28·3), 4·9 (2·8–8·1), and 22·3 (8·8-not applicable) months, respectively. In patients with tumour tissue available for biomarker analysis, ORRs in low versus high PKCβ2 expression groups were 41·7% and 8·3%, respectively (P = 0·041). The most common, mainly low-grade drug-related adverse events were fatigue (25·8%), diarrhoea (25·8%), nausea (18·2%), and chromaturia (18·2%). Four (6·1%) patients had Grade 3 toxicity and one (1·5%) patient had Grade 4 toxicity. Enzastaurin demonstrated limited clinical activity in grade 1 or 2 FL. Patients with low PKCβ2 expression in tumours had higher ORR than those with high PKCβ2 expression. Enzastaurin was well tolerated with mostly grade 1 or 2 toxicities. Further studies may be warranted in select patient populations.
    British Journal of Haematology 03/2014; · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Patients with relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who have clinically significant coexisting medical conditions are less able to undergo standard chemotherapy. Effective therapies with acceptable side-effect profiles are needed for this patient population. Methods In this multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 study, we assessed the efficacy and safety of idelalisib, an oral inhibitor of the delta isoform of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, in combination with rituximab versus rituximab plus placebo. We randomly assigned 220 patients with decreased renal function, previous therapy-induced myelosuppression, or major coexisting illnesses to receive rituximab and either idelalisib (at a dose of 150 mg) or placebo twice daily. The primary end point was progression-free survival. At the first prespecified interim analysis, the study was stopped early on the recommendation of the data and safety monitoring board owing to overwhelming efficacy. Results The median progression-free survival was 5.5 months in the placebo group and was not reached in the idelalisib group (hazard ratio for progression or death in the idelalisib group, 0.15; P<0.001). Patients receiving idelalisib versus those receiving placebo had improved rates of overall response (81% vs. 13%; odds ratio, 29.92; P<0.001) and overall survival at 12 months (92% vs. 80%; hazard ratio for death, 0.28; P=0.02). Serious adverse events occurred in 40% of the patients receiving idelalisib and rituximab and in 35% of those receiving placebo and rituximab. Conclusions The combination of idelalisib and rituximab, as compared with placebo and rituximab, significantly improved progression-free survival, response rate, and overall survival among patients with relapsed CLL who were less able to undergo chemotherapy. (Funded by Gilead; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01539512 .).
    New England Journal of Medicine 01/2014; · 51.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase delta (PI3Kδ) mediates B-cell receptor signaling and microenvironmental support signals that promote the growth and survival of malignant B lymphocytes. In a phase 1 study, idelalisib, an orally active selective PI3Kδ inhibitor, showed antitumor activity in patients with previously treated indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Methods In this single-group, open-label, phase 2 study, 125 patients with indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphomas who had not had a response to rituximab and an alkylating agent or had had a relapse within 6 months after receipt of those therapies were administered idelalisib, 150 mg twice daily, until the disease progressed or the patient withdrew from the study. The primary end point was the overall rate of response; secondary end points included the duration of response, progression-free survival, and safety. Results The median age of the patients was 64 years (range, 33 to 87); patients had received a median of four prior therapies (range, 2 to 12). Subtypes of indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma included follicular lymphoma (72 patients), small lymphocytic lymphoma (28), marginal-zone lymphoma (15), and lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma with or without Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (10). The response rate was 57% (71 of 125 patients), with 6% meeting the criteria for a complete response. The median time to a response was 1.9 months, the median duration of response was 12.5 months, and the median progression-free survival was 11 months. Similar response rates were observed across all subtypes of indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, though the numbers were small for some categories. The most common adverse events of grade 3 or higher were neutropenia (in 27% of the patients), elevations in aminotransferase levels (in 13%), diarrhea (in 13%), and pneumonia (in 7%). Conclusions In this single-group study, idelalisib showed antitumor activity with an acceptable safety profile in patients with indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who had received extensive prior treatment. (Funded by Gilead Sciences and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01282424 .).
    New England Journal of Medicine 01/2014; · 51.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pretherapy patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) from US Intergroup trial E2997 were analyzed with single nucleotide polymorphism microarrays to detect acquired chromosomal anomalies. The four CLL-typical anomalies (11q-, +12, 13q-, and 17p-) were found at expected frequencies. Acquired anomalies in other regions account for 70% of the total detected anomalies, and their number per participant has a significant effect on progression-free survival after adjusting for the effects of 17p- (and other covariates). These results were compared with those from a previous study of more than 50,000 participants from the GENEVA consortium of genome-wide association studies, which analyzed individuals with a variety of medical conditions and healthy controls. The percentage of individuals with acquired anomalies is vastly different between the two studies (GENEVA 0.8%; E2997 80%). The composition of the anomalies also differs, with GENEVA having a higher percentage of acquired uniparental disomies and a lower percentage of deletions. The four common CLL anomalies are among the most frequent in GENEVA participants, some of whom may have CLL-precursor conditions or early stages of CLL. However, the patients from E2997 (and other studies of symptomatic CLL) have recurrent acquired anomalies that were not found in GENEVA participants, thus identifying genomic changes that may be unique to symptomatic stages of CLL.
    Cancer Genetics 01/2014; · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Inhibition of tumor angiogenesis by the interruption of VEGF pathway signaling is of therapeutic value in several solid tumors. Preclinical evidence supports similar importance of the pathway in non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In this randomized phase II trial, we compared the efficacy and toxicity of rituximab plus bevacizumab versus single-agent rituximab, in patients with previously-treated follicular lymphoma. Patients and Methods Patients (n=60) were randomized (1:1) to receive rituximab (375 mg/m2 IV weekly for 4 weeks) either as a single agent or with bevacizumab (10 mg/kg IV days 3 and 15). Patients with objective response or stable disease at week 12 received 4 additional doses of rituximab (at months 3, 5, 7, and 9); rituximab/bevacizumab patients also received bevacizumab 10 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks for 16 doses. Results After a median followup of 34 months, progression free survival (PFS) was improved in patients receiving rituximab/bevacizumab compared to patients who received rituximab alone (median 20·7 vs. 10·4 months respectively; HR 0·40 (95% CI: 0·20, 0·80); p=0·007). Overall survival was also improved numerically (73% versus 53% at 4 years), but did not reach statistical significance (HR 0·40 (95% CI: 0·15, 1·05); p=0·055). The addition of bevacizumab increased the toxicity of therapy, but both regimens were well tolerated (no grade 4 toxicity). Conclusions The addition of bevacizumab to rituximab significantly improved PFS. The role of angiogenesis inhibition in the treatment of follicular lymphoma requires further definition in larger clinical trials.
    Clinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background Present first-line therapy for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, a subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, is rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). Ibrutinib, a novel oral Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has shown single-drug activity in relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancies. We investigated the safety and efficacy of ibrutinib in combination with R-CHOP for patients with previously untreated CD20-positive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Methods In this phase 1b, open-label, non-randomised study, patients were recruited across six centres in the USA and France. Eligibility was age 18 years or older and treatment-naive histopathologically confirmed CD20-positive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In the dose-escalation phase (part 1), patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, mantle-cell lymphoma, or follicular lymphoma were enrolled. The primary objective was to determine a recommended phase 2 dose of ibrutinib with a standard R-CHOP regimen, by assessing safety in all patients who received treatment. Patients received ibrutinib 280 mg, 420 mg, or 560 mg per day in combination with a standard R-CHOP regimen every 21 days. Safety of the recommended phase 2 dose was then assessed in a dose-expansion population, which consisted of patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (part 2). Secondary objectives included assessments of the proportion of patients who had an overall response, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01569750. Findings From June 22, 2012, to March 25, 2013, 33 patients were enrolled (part 1: 17; part 2: 16) and 32 received ibrutinib plus R-CHOP treatment (one patient in the part 2 cohort withdrew). The maximum tolerated dose was not reached and the recommended phase 2 dose for ibrutinib was 560 mg per day. The most common grade 3 or greater adverse events included neutropenia (73% [24 of 33 patients]), thrombocytopenia (21% [seven patients]), and febrile neutropenia and anaemia (18% each [six patients]). The most frequently reported serious adverse events were febrile neutropenia (18% [six patients]) and hypotension (6% [two patients]). 30 (94%) of 32 patients who received one or more doses of combination treatment achieved an overall response. All 18 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who received the recommended phase 2 dose had an overall response. For those subtyped and treated at the recommended phase 2 dose, five (71%) of seven patients with the germinal centre B-cell-like subtype and two (100%) patients with the non-germinal centre B-cell-like subtype had a complete response. R-CHOP did not affect pharmacokinetics of ibrutinib, and ibrutinib did not alter the pharmacokinetics of vincristine. Pharmacodynamic data showed Bruton's tyrosine kinase was fully occupied (>90% occupancy) at the recommended phase 2 dose. Interpretation Ibrutinib is well tolerated when added to R-CHOP, and could improve responses in patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, but our findings need confirmation in a phase 3 trial. Funding Janssen.
    The lancet oncology. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Pre-therapy CLL patients from US Intergroup trial E2997 were analyzed with single nucleotide polymorphism microarrays to detect acquired chromosomal anomalies. The four CLL-typical anomalies (11q-, +12, 13q- and 17p-) were found at expected frequencies. Acquired anomalies in other regions account for 70% of the total detected and their number per subject has a significant effect on progression-free survival after adjusting for the effects of 17p- (and other covariates). These results were compared with a previous study of >50,000 subjects from the GENEVA consortium of genome-wide association studies, which analyzed individuals with a variety of medical conditions and healthy controls. The percentage of individuals with acquired anomalies is vastly different between the two studies (GENEVA 0.8%; E2997 80%). The composition also differs, with GENEVA having a higher percentage of acquired uniparental disomies and a lower percentage of deletions. The four common CLL anomalies are among the most frequent in GENEVA subjects, some of whom may have CLL-precursor conditions or early stages of CLL. However, the patients from E2997 (and other studies of symptomatic CLL) have recurrent acquired anomalies that were not found in GENEVA subjects, thus identifying genomic changes that may be unique to symptomatic stages of CLL.
    Cancer Genetics. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Otlertuzumab is a novel humanized anti-CD37 protein therapeutic. This study evaluated the safety of otlertuzumab administered intravenously to patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Otlertuzumab was administered IV weekly for up to 8 weeks followed by 4 monthly doses ranging from 0.03 to 20 mg/kg in the dose escalation phase and 10 to 30 mg/kg in the expansion phase. Responses were determined using the 1996 NCI criteria and 2008 IWCLL criteria. Fifty-seven patients were treated in the dose-escalation phase and 26 in the expansion phase. A maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was not identified. Pharmacokinetics of otlertuzumab was dose-proportional with a median terminal half-life of 8 days. Response occurred in 19 of 83 treated patients (23%) by NCI-96 criteria. All responses were partial, and occurred more commonly in patients with symptomatic untreated CLL (6/7) or 1-2 prior therapies (12/28) versus 3 or more therapies (1/48). Twenty percent (12/61) with serial CT scan assessment had a response per IWCLL criteria. The most frequent adverse events were infusion reactions, fatigue, nausea, and diarrhea, and were not dose-related. Otlertuzumab was well tolerated and modest clinical activity was observed. Otlertuzumab warrants further evaluation in combination with other agents for the treatment of CLL.
    Blood 12/2013; · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The treatment of relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has resulted in few durable remissions. Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), an essential component of B-cell-receptor signaling, mediates interactions with the tumor microenvironment and promotes the survival and proliferation of CLL cells. Methods We conducted a phase 1b-2 multicenter study to assess the safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of ibrutinib (PCI-32765), a first-in-class, oral covalent inhibitor of BTK designed for treatment of B-cell cancers, in patients with relapsed or refractory CLL or small lymphocytic lymphoma. A total of 85 patients, the majority of whom were considered to have high-risk disease, received ibrutinib orally once daily; 51 received 420 mg, and 34 received 840 mg. Results Toxic effects were predominantly grade 1 or 2 and included transient diarrhea, fatigue, and upper respiratory tract infection; thus, patients could receive extended treatment with minimal hematologic toxic effects. The overall response rate was the same in the group that received 420 mg and the group that received 840 mg (71%), and an additional 20% and 15% of patients in the respective groups had a partial response with lymphocytosis. The response was independent of clinical and genomic risk factors present before treatment, including advanced-stage disease, the number of previous therapies, and the 17p13.1 deletion. At 26 months, the estimated progression-free survival rate was 75% and the rate of overall survival was 83%. Conclusions Ibrutinib was associated with a high frequency of durable remissions in patients with relapsed or refractory CLL and small lymphocytic lymphoma, including patients with high-risk genetic lesions. (Funded by Pharmacyclics and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01105247 .).
    New England Journal of Medicine 06/2013; · 51.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: This analysis examined associations between gender and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) as they initiate therapy for CLL outside the clinical trial setting. METHODS: Baseline data were collected as part of Connect® CLL Registry, a prospective observational study initiated in community, academic, and government centers. Patient demographics and clinical characteristics were provided by clinicians. Patients reported HRQOL using the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI), EQ-5D, and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Leukemia (FACT-Leu). Mean scores were analyzed, with statistical significance of differences determined by ANOVA. Multivariate analysis also considered age and line of therapy. RESULTS: Baseline HRQOL data were available for 1,140 patients: 710 (62 %) men and 430 (38 %) women from 161 centers. Patients were predominantly white (89 %) with mean age 69 ± 11 years. Women reported significantly worse global fatigue (P <0.0001), fatigue severity (P <0.0001), and fatigue-related interference (P = 0.0005) versus men (BFI). Pain/discomfort (P = 0.0077), usual activities (P = 0.0015), and anxiety/depression (P = 0.0117) were significantly worse in women than in men (EQ-5D). With women reporting a better social/family score (P = 0.0238) and men reporting a better physical score (P = 0.0002), the mean FACT-G total score did not differ by gender. However, the mean FACT-Leu total score was better among men versus women (P = 0.0223), primarily because the mean leukemia subscale score was significantly better among men (P <0.0001). Multivariate analysis qualitatively confirmed these findings. CONCLUSIONS: Connect® CLL Registry results indicate that significant differences exist in certain HRQOL domains, as women reported greater levels of fatigue and worse functioning in physical domains.
    Supportive Care in Cancer 06/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor
  • British Journal of Haematology 05/2013; · 4.94 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

5k Citations
954.99 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2014
    • Sarah Cannon Research Institute
      Nashville, Tennessee, United States
  • 2003–2012
    • The Ohio State University
      • Division of Hematology
      Columbus, Ohio, United States
  • 2007
    • Loma Linda University
      • Division of Hematology/Oncology
      Loma Linda, CA, United States
  • 1996–2007
    • Johns Hopkins University
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • 1996–2002
    • Johns Hopkins Medicine
      • Division of Hematologic Malignancies
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • 2001
    • Brooke Army Medical Center
      Houston, Texas, United States
  • 1998–2001
    • Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States