Yoshihiro Tokuhisa

Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States

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Publications (18)41.68 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigate the mechanism through which N-cadherin disruption alters the effectiveness of regional chemotherapy for locally advanced melanoma. N-cadherin antagonism during regional chemotherapy has demonstrated variable treatment effects. Isolated limb infusion (ILI) with melphalan (LPAM) or temozolomide (TMZ) was performed on rats bearing melanoma xenografts after systemic administration of the N-cadherin antagonist, ADH-1, or saline. Permeability studies were performed using Evans blue dye as the infusate, and interstitial fluid pressure was measured. Immunohistochemistry of LPAM-DNA adducts and damage was performed as surrogates for LPAM and TMZ delivery. Tumor signaling was studied by Western blotting and reverse-phase protein array analysis. Systemic ADH-1 was associated with increased growth and activation of the PI3K (phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase)-AKT pathway in A375 but not DM443 xenografts. ADH-1 in combination with LPAM ILI improved antitumor responses compared with LPAM alone in both cell lines. Combination of ADH-1 with TMZ ILI did not improve tumor response in A375 tumors. ADH-1 increased vascular permeability without effecting tumor interstitial fluid pressure, leading to increased delivery of LPAM but not TMZ. ADH-1 improved responses to regional LPAM but had variable effects on tumors regionally treated with TMZ. N-cadherin-targeting agents may lead to differential effects on the AKT signaling axis that can augment growth of some tumors. The vascular targeting actions of N-cadherin antagonism may not augment some regionally delivered alkylating agents, leading to a net increase in tumor size with this type of combination treatment strategy.
    Annals of surgery 03/2014; · 7.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety of combination vaccine treatment of multiple peptides, phase I clinical trial was conducted for patients with advanced colorectal cancer using five novel HLA-A*2402-restricted peptides, three peptides derived from oncoantigens, ring finger protein 43 (RNF43), 34 kDa-translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane (TOMM34), and insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA binding protein 3 (KOC1), and the remaining two from angiogenesis factors, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1) and VEGFR2. Eighteen HLA- A*2402-positive colorectal cancer patients who had failed to standard therapy were enrolled in this study. 0.5 mg, 1.0 mg or 3.0 mg each of the peptides was mixed with incomplete Freund's adjuvant and then subcutaneously injected at five separated sites once a week. We also examined possible effect of a single site injection of "the cocktail of 5 peptides" on the immunological responses. ELISPOT assay was performed before and after vaccinations in the schedule of every 4 weeks. The vaccine treatment using multiple peptides was well tolerated without any severe treatment-associated systemic adverse events. Dose-dependent induction of peptide-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes was observed. The single injection of "peptides cocktail" did not diminish the immunological responses. Regarding the clinical outcome, one patient achieved complete response and 6 patients revealed stable disease for 4 to 7 months. The median overall survival time (MST) was 13.5 months. Patients, in which we detected induction of cytotoxic T lymphocytes specific to 3 or more peptides, revealed significantly better prognosis (MST; 27.8 months) than those with poorer immune responses (MST; 3.7 months) (p = 0.032). Our cancer vaccine treatment using multiple peptides is a promising approach for advanced colorectal cancer with the minimum risk of systemic adverse reactions.Clinical trial registration: UMIN-CTR number UMIN000004948.
    Journal of Translational Medicine 03/2014; 12(1):63. · 3.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Src kinase inhibition has been shown to augment the efficacy of chemotherapy. Dasatinib, a dual Src/Abl kinase inhibitor approved for the treatment of CML, is under investigation as monotherapy for tumors with abnormal Src signaling, such as melanoma. The goal of this study was to determine if Src kinase inhibition using dasatinib could enhance the efficacy of regionally administered melphalan in advanced extremity melanoma. The mutational status of c-kit and patterns of gene expression predictive of dysregulated Src kinase signaling were evaluated in a panel of 26 human melanoma cell lines. The effectiveness of dasatinib was measured by quantifying protein expression and activation of Src kinase, focal adhesion kinase, and Crk-associated substrate (p130(CAS)), in conjunction with in vitro cell viability assays using seven melanoma cell lines. Utilizing a rat model of regional chemotherapy, we evaluated the effectiveness of systemic dasatinib in conjunction with regional melphalan against the human melanoma cell line, DM443, grown as a xenograft. Only the WM3211 cell line harbored a c-kit mutation. Significant correlation was observed between Src-predicted dysregulation by gene expression and sensitivity to dasatinib in vitro. Tumor doubling time for DM443 xenografts treated with systemic dasatinib in combination with regional melphalan (44.8 days) was significantly longer (p = 0.007) than either dasatinib (21.3 days) or melphalan alone (24.7 days). Systemic dasatinib prior to melphalan-based regional chemotherapy markedly improves the efficacy of this alkylating agent in this melanoma xenograft model. Validation of this concept should be considered in the context of a regional therapy clinical trial.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 11/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Curative resection can be achieved in some cases of multiple liver metastases that are initially unresectable by multistage hepatectomy. We report the case of a patient who underwent 2 hepatectomy procedures for liver metastases of advanced colon cancer after conversion chemotherapy and 2-stage hepatectomy; this treatment resulted in long-term survival.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 11/2013; 40(12):1837-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The patient was a 69-year-old woman with elevated levels of hepatobiliary enzymes. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan revealed an enhanced mass in the liver hilum with dilatation of the intrahepatic bile duct. We diagnosed hilar cholangiocarcinoma and administered neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy because of the possibility of tumor cells remaining at the surgical margins. Radical surgery was performed and pathological examination showed the tumor to be Grade 2b according to the Oboshi-Shimosato classification. Although postoperative bile leakage and intra-abdominal abscess were observed, the patient was discharged on day 82 after surgery. The patient is still alive without recurrence at 17 months after the surgery. Neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy has the potential to obtain a negative surgical margin in patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma, which is likely to be positive for cancer cells at the surgical margin in preoperative diagnosis.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 11/2013; 40(12):1756-8.
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    ABSTRACT: A 61-year-old man who complained of right hypochondralgia was diagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The tumor was located in the right lobe and S3, and the tumor thrombus extended into the main portal and left portal veins. Preoperatively, real-time tumor-tracking radiation therapy was performed on the tumor thrombus (20 Gy/4 Fr),after vessel coils were placed at the anterior hepatic artery as a marker for the radiation. Ten days after radiation therapy, extended right hepatectomy with thrombectomy and S3 partial hepatectomy were performed. There were no postsurgical complications, and intrahepatic artery infusion chemotherapy was performed. The patient was alive with no recurrences 20 months after surgery. Radiation therapy before hepatectomy is an effective treatment for portal venous tumor thrombus in HCC.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 11/2013; 40(12):1807-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) often exhibits a poor prognosis due to metastatic spread caused by portal vein invasion (PVI). In the present study, we attempted to identify a novel therapeutic target related to PVI of HCC. Based on pooled genomic data, we identified RD RNA binding protein (RDBP), a member of the negative elongation factor (NELF) transcription elongation regulatory complex, to be preferentially overexpressed in HCC with PVI. We used quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immuno-histochemical analyses to investigate the relationship between RDBP mRNA and protein with metastatic potential in sample sets of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC and corresponding non-HCC liver tissues. We also used the small interfering RNA technique to examine the role of RDBP in invasion and proliferation of HCC cells in vitro. Our data showed that both mRNA and protein levels of RDBP were significantly higher in HCC compared to non-HCC liver tissue, and that these levels were also significantly higher in HCC with PVI compared to HCC without PVI. Multivariate analysis revealed that RDBP protein levels were an independent risk factor for early intrahepatic recurrence of HCC within 2 years of surgery. Knockdown of RDBP protein significantly inhibited the proliferation and invasion of cells in vitro. These data demonstrate that RDBP is related to the metastatic potential of HCC, suggesting a possible candidate for prevention of HCC cell metastasis.
    Oncology Reports 05/2012; 28(2):728-34. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether the systemically administered anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody bevacizumab could improve regional chemotherapy treatment of advanced extremity melanoma by enhancing delivery and tumor uptake of regionally infused melphalan (LPAM). After treatment with systemic bevacizumab or saline, changes in vascular permeability were determined by spectrophotometric analysis of tumors infused with Evan's blue dye. Changes in vascular structure and tumor hemoglobin-oxygen saturation HbO(2) were determined by intravital microscopy and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, respectively. Rats bearing the low-VEGF secreting DM738 and the high-VEGF secreting DM443 melanoma xenografts underwent isolated limb infusion (ILI) with melphalan (LPAM) or saline via the femoral vessels. The effect of bevacizumab on terminal drug delivery was determined by immunohistochemical analysis of LPAM-DNA adducts in tumor tissues. Single-dose bevacizumab given three days before ILI with LPAM significantly decreased vascular permeability (50.3% in DM443, P < 0.01 and 35% in DM738, P < 0.01) and interstitial fluid pressure (57% in DM443, P < 0.01 and 50% in DM738, P = 0.01). HbO(2) decreased from baseline in mice following treatment with bevacizumab. Systemic bevacizumab significantly enhanced tumor response to ILI with LPAM in two melanoma xenografts, DM443 and DM738, increasing quadrupling time 37% and 113%, respectively (P = 0.03). Immunohistochemical analyses of tumor specimens showed that pretreatment with systemic bevacizumab markedly increased LPAM-DNA adduct formation. Systemic treatment with bevacizumab before regional chemotherapy increases delivery of LPAM to tumor cells and represents a novel way to augment response to regional therapy for advanced extremity melanoma.
    Clinical Cancer Research 04/2012; 18(12):3328-39. · 7.84 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Surgical Research - J SURG RES. 01/2011; 165(2):290-291.
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    ABSTRACT: There are few blood tests for an efficient detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The abilities of quantitative analyses of 7 genes hypermethylation in serum DNA, α-fetoprotein (AFP) and prothrombin-induced vitamin K absence II (PIVKA-II), and various combinations to detect HCC were evaluated in a training cohort of 164 HCV-infected patients (108 HCCs; 56 non-HCCs). An optimal hybrid detector, built using data for 2 methylated genes (SPINT2 and SRD5A2), AFP, and PIVKA-II, achieved the most satisfactory ability to detect HCC in the training cohort. We evaluated the ability of the optimal hybrid detector to detect HCC in an independent validation cohort of 258 consecutive HCV-infected patients (112 HCCs; 146 non-HCCs) who were newly enrolled in 4 distinct institutes. In the validation cohort of 258 patients, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the hybrid detector for detection of HCC were 81.4%, 73.2%, and 87.7%, respectively. Notably, even when detecting HCC ≤ 2 cm in diameter, the hybrid detector maintained markedly high abilities (84.6% accuracy, 72.2% sensitivity, 87.7% specificity). Youden's index (sensitivity+specificity - 1) for HCC ≤ 2cm was 0.60, vastly much superior to the 0.39 for AFP at a cut-off value of 20 ng/ml and the 0.28 for PIVKA-II at a cut-off value of 40 mAU/ml. These results show that the optimal hybrid blood detector can detect HCV-related HCC more accurately.
    Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 09/2010; 412(1-2):152-8. · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains poor because of high recurrence rate. We examined preoperatively the methylated CCND2 gene levels present in the serum following release from HCC cells as a prognosis predictor in patients undergoing curative hepatectomy. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR and quantitative methylation-specific PCR were used to measure methylated CCND2 gene and its mRNA levels. The CCND2 mRNA levels were down-regulated in HCC with early intrahepatic recurrence (IHR) within 1year of curative hepatectomy. We also identified that this down-regulation was due to promoter hypermethylation. In 70 HCC patients who underwent curative hepatectomy, 39 patients sero-positive for the methylated CCND2 gene (>70pg/ml serum) exhibited a significantly shorter disease-free survival (DFS) period (P=0.02) than the 31 patients who were sero-negative for the methylated CCND2 gene. None of the sero-negative patients demonstrated early IHR, and this method of serum testing did not produce any false-negative predictions for early IHR. Multivariate analysis showed that the serum level of methylated CCND2 was an independent risk factor for DFS (hazard ratio of 1.866, 95% CI: 1.106-3.149). Methylated CCND2 gene in the serum serves as a prognosis predictor of HCC after curative hepatectomy.
    Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 04/2010; 411(7-8):516-20. · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of ascending colon cancer successfully treated for synchronous liver metastases with mFOLFOX6 after a resection of the primary tumor. A 79-year-old woman was diagnosed as having an ascending colon cancer with synchronous liver metastases. After right hemicolectomy, she was treated with mFOLFOX6. A partial response was observed after the fifth course and CEA decreased to a normal range (8 ng/mL). A complete response was observed after the ninth course and the treatment finished at the twelfth course. Sequentially, she was treated with UFT/LV/PSK after three courses of FOLFIRI regimen. The patient is alive without recurrence.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 11/2009; 36(12):2184-6.
  • Yamaguchi Medical Journal 01/2009; 58(3):111-116.
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    ABSTRACT: Our study revealed that the level of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is increased in the serum of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To gain insight into the mechanism underlying this phenomenon, we examined the association between cfDNA levels and various clinicopathological factors in 96 patients with HCV-related HCC and 99 non-HCC patients with HCV. Using pooled DNA microarray data, we profiled the expression patterns of inflammatory cytokine genes in 14 primary tumors from the group of HCC patients. We found that there were positive associations between the cfDNA level, aspartate aminotransferase levels and the number of leukocytes and neutrophils in patients with HCV-related HCC but not in non-HCC patients with HCV. The serum cfDNA level was not associated with other clinicopathological factors in HCC or non-HCC patients. A cluster analysis based on the inflammatory cytokine gene data revealed that HCCs with a high serum cfDNA level had increased levels of several inflammatory cytokine genes, suggesting that the serum cfDNA level is associated with the inflammatory status in primary tumors in HCV-related HCC.
    Oncology Reports 11/2008; 20(4):761-5. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An increased level of glycolysis, an intracellular hallmark of neoplasms, enables cancer cells to survive under various conditions. To elucidate the role of increased glycolysis in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we investigated the associations between the expression patterns of 14 glycolysis-related genes and clinicopathologic factors in 60 HCCs by using pooled transcriptome data. We then evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of the knockdown of ENO1, which is encoded by a glycolysis-related gene, in HCC cells. Among the 14 genes, levels of 8 genes (GPI, ALDOA, TPI1, GAPD, PGK, PGAM, ENO1 and PKM), all of which can be transcriptionally activated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha), were significantly higher in HCC with venous invasion (VI) than in HCC without VI. Our cluster analysis showed that HCC patients with activation of the 8 HIF-1alpha-regulated genes had significantly shorter overall survival (P=0.023) than did HCC patients without increased expression levels of these genes. The association between the levels of ENO1 and VI was confirmed in an independent sample set of 49 HCCs by real-time reverse-transcription PCR. The knockdown of ENO1 by small-interfering RNA significantly inhibited the proliferation of an HCC cell line (HLE cells) in both the glucose-rich and glucose-free conditions, accompanied by a decreased S phase and increased G2/M phase of the cell cycle. Collectively, these data suggest that activation of an HIF-1alpha-regulated glycolysis module is closely related to the aggressive phenotype of HCC, and that ENO1, a glycolysis module gene, might serve as a new target to circumvent HCC metastasis.
    International Journal of Oncology 11/2008; 33(4):725-31. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a previous study, we showed that levels of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) were significantly higher in sera of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) than in sera of non-HCC patients with HCV. To confirm this finding, we analysed serum cfDNA levels in a cohort of 96 patients with HCV-related HCC and in 100 HCV carriers without known HCC. Again we found that serum cfDNA levels were significantly higher in HCC patients than in HCV carriers (115.9+/-98.3 vs 34.4+/-40.4 ng ml(-1) (mean+/-s.d.), P<0.0001). Of 87 eligible patients who underwent curative hepatectomy, those with a high cfDNA level had a significantly shorter overall survival (OS) time than those in whom the cfDNA level was not high. Cox proportional hazards model showed the cfDNA level to be an independent prognostic factor for OS and cancer recurrence in distant organs. Our results suggest that the serum cfDNA level reflects the metastatic potential of HCV-related HCC and that it can be a useful predictive biomarker for distant metastasis after curative surgery.
    British Journal of Cancer 12/2007; 97(10):1399-403. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a rare case of a solitary primary paraganglioma arising in the mesentery, found in a 72-year-old woman who presented with abdominal pain and a palpable abdominal mass. This extra-abdominal paraganglioma developed from paraganglionic cells that travelled by vertebral migration from the root of the superior mesenteric artery. Extra-adrenal paraganglia extend anywhere from the neck down to the base of the pelvis. Ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), and angiography showed a solid and cystic heterogeneously enhanced mass, which was fed by the superior mesenteric artery, without distant metastasis. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a large, dark, brownish-red mass in the mesentery of the ileum, which was distinct from the ileum. The mass consisted of peripherally solid areas with central hemorrhage and cystic degeneration. It was diagnosed as a paraganglioma histologically. The patient is free from recurrence of paraganglioma after 1 year of follow up. To our knowledge, this represents only the seventh case of a paraganglioma arising in the mesentery.
    Surgery Today 02/2005; 35(7):594-7. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Choledochoduodenostomy was performed using magnets interventionally in a patient with complete obstruction of the common bile duct (CBD) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (Lap-C). Choledochoduodenostomy using magnets was performed 6 months after Lap-C. A cylindrical magnet measuring 4 mm in diameter and 9 mm in length was delivered to the obstructed CBD through percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage route that was dilated to 14 French. Then a cylindrical magnet measuring 5 mm in diameter and 5 mm n length was delivered at the bulbus of the duodenum using peroral endoscopy. Anastomosis between the CBD and the duodenum was formed gradually by the force of compression between the two magnets. Two weeks later, the anastomossiwas accomplished without any adverse event. Magnetic compression anastomosis is one of useful strategy for biliary complications (Stenosis or obstruction) after Lap-C.