David Tovbin

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beersheba, Southern District, Israel

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Publications (37)115.12 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Circulating cell-free DNA (CFD) appears following cell damage and DNA release, and increases in hemodialysis (HD) patients particularly following HD. We hypothesized that CFD is an integrative marker of tissue damage and can be an independent predictor for all-cause mortality in HD patients.Methods In a prospective study, CFD levels before and after HD were evaluated in 31 chronic HD patients with no acute disease, using the reported rapid non-cumbersome inexpensive fluorometric assay developed in our laboratory. Follow-up levels were assessed at 18 months in 22 patients. All-cause mortality was a primary endpoint.ResultsDuring 42 months of follow-up, 13 of the 31 (41.9%) patients died. The decedents were older than the survivors (mean age 69.9 versus 61.5 years, P = 0.06), but did not differ in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) duration, gender, albumin and hemoglobin, diabetes mellitus and weight. Post-dialysis CFD levels were significantly lower in survivors (median 688 versus 880 ng/mL, P = 0.01). The sensitivity and specificity of CFD levels of 850 ng/mL to predict 42 months (3.5 years) mortality were 73 and 75%, respectively, and the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.77 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.60-0.94]. The Cox proportional hazard regression model showed that CFD higher than 850 ng/mL adjusted for age, ESRD duration, weight and creatinine (stepwise model) was highly predictive of all-cause death with a hazard ratio of 8.0 (95% CI 2.3-28.5, P = 0.001).Conclusions Post-dialysis CFD level is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in patients undergoing HD. We propose that CFD detection is an inexpensive applicable tool for identifying patients at risk and their follow-up.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 07/2012; DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfs255 · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the clinical manifestations and response to therapy of adult patients with tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis (TINU) syndrome and to provide suggested work-up and treatment. We retrospectively examined medical records of all adult patients suffering from TINU at Soroka University Medical Center (SUMC) over the past 15 years. Characteristics of ocular and nephrologic manifestations were investigated with particular attention given to age, presenting signs and symptoms, treatment and course of disease. Five adult patients (median age 44 years) were diagnosed with TINU syndrome and followed from 1991-2006 at SUMC. As renal involvement was present at initial evaluation in all patients, they were all treated with steroids. They all suffered from moderate to severe ocular inflammation and most of them relapsed; they also suffered from TINU-related non-specific symptoms. The uveitis in our adult patients was more severe than previously reported. Renal failure and TINU-related non-specific symptoms were observed in all patients and led to the diagnosis of TINU and to systemic therapy which is more aggressive than the usual therapy for uvetis. Thus, early suspicion and diagnosis of TINU may help to direct the appropriate therapy for the degree of uveitis observed in these patients.
    International Ophthalmology 10/2010; 30(5):621-8. DOI:10.1007/s10792-010-9369-9 · 0.55 Impact Factor
  • Vascular Disease Prevention 12/2008; 4(1):205-212. DOI:10.2174/1567270000704010024
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with end-stage renal disease are at high risk of mycobacterial infection. To analyze the difficulties in reaching an accurate diagnosis of tuberculosis in dialysis patients. We conducted a retrospective follow-up of patients who attended our peritoneal and hemodialysis units during the 10 year period 1995-2005. Our dialysis unit diagnosed 10 cases of tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and 9 cases of Mycobacterium other than tuberculosis. In the former group, five patients had Mycobacterium in the sputum, which was diagnosed by intraabdominal mass biopsy in one, culture of the gastric juices in one, and pleural fluid culture or pleural biopsy in three. One of these patients was suffering from pleural TB as well as Potts disease. Of the patients with Mycobacterium other than tuberculosis, five were diagnosed by sputum cultures, three by urine cultures and one in peritoneal fluid. Differences in treatment and outcome were also reviewed. The diagnosis of TB in dialysis patients should be approached with a high index of suspicion. It is clear that extensive diagnostic procedures are required to ensure an accurate diagnosis of the disease. Tuberculosis incurs a significant added burden due to the need for isolation of infected patients within the dialysis unit. Treatment of patients with Mycobacterium other than tuberculosis should be addressed individually.
    The Israel Medical Association journal: IMAJ 07/2007; 9(6):448-51. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have demonstrated correlation between inflammation to plasma troponin (cTnI) levels elevation and atrial fibrillation (AF) in noncardiac surgery settings. The goal of this prospective study was to examine the relation between inflammation associated parameters (IAPs) to post cardiac surgery cTnI elevation and AF. A single post CABG cTnI measurement was assessed in 156 consecutive patients. Clinical, operative and postoperative data, IAPs (hypophosphatemia, preoperative statin treatment, immediate postoperative fever, and prolonged mechanical ventilation) and in-hospital AF episodes were prospectively recorded. Mean cTnI level was 14.4 +/- 12.4 ng/mL. In the two in-hospital deaths (1.2%) cTnI concentration was less than 12 ng/mL. Cardiac troponin-I levels were significantly higher in patients not preoperatively treated with statins (21.6 +/- 4.1 vs. 13.3 +/- 0.9, p = 0.05), in patients who needed intraoperative cardioversion (16.7 +/- 2.2 vs. 12.2 +/- 0.9, p = 0.07), in patients with postoperative hypophosphatemia (16.9 +/- 10.0 vs. 11.1 +/- 13.7, p = 0.04), postoperative fever (18.6 +/- 3.0 vs. 13.7 +/- 1.0, p = 0.07) and postoperative respiratory complications (23.9 +/- 4.3 vs. 13.5 +/- 1.0, p = 0.04). Step-wise logistic regression analysis revealed the following parameters as independently associated with elevated cTnI levels: preoperative statin treatment (CI 95%-15.9; -1.7, p = 0.02), intraoperative ventricular arrhythmia (CI 95%-0.7; 13.8, p = 0.08), hypophosphatemia (CI 95% 0.9; 8.6, p = 0.02), postoperative fever (CI 95% 0.9; 11.0, p = 0.02), and postoperative respiratory complications (CI 95% 0.1; 0.5, p = 0.01). Of the 156 patients, 50 (32.1%) had postoperative AF. The first episode of AF occurred between postoperative day 1 and 6 (mean-day 2). Mean duration of AF was 21.8 +/- 8.1 hours. Postoperative AF was significantly associated with age above 75 (50% vs. 29.4%, p = 0.01), hypertension (37% vs. 18%, p = 0.02), preoperative calcium channel blockers treatment (44% vs. 26%, p = 0.02), furosemide treatment (58% vs. 30%, p = 0.05), and preoperative left atrial diameter above 40 mm (56% vs. 29%, p = 0.01). Postoperatively, AF was significantly associated with postoperative renal failure (70% vs. 29%, p = 0.01), respiratory complications (61% vs. 29%, p = 0.02), and prolonged hospital stay (OR 1.1; CI 1.0-1.3; p < 0.05). No association was found between troponin levels and postoperative AF. Multivariable analysis found only left atrial enlargement and prolonged hospital stay independently associated with AF. A significant correlation between clinical IAPs and cTnI plasma level elevation was found after cardiac surgery. There was no correlation between these parameters and postoperative AF, and there was no correlation between postoperative plasma cTnI levels and the occurrence of AF. Preoperative treatment with statins may be beneficial in reducing postoperative inflammatory response but further study has to be carried out.
    Journal of Cardiac Surgery 03/2007; 22(2):117-23. DOI:10.1111/j.1540-8191.2006.00366.x · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis C (HCV) is common in developing countries, where blood sampling and expensive sophisticated methods for detection are less available. Hemodialysis patients have high prevalence of HCV and may resemble sick populations in developing countries in relation to immunosuppression and antibodies production. For these reasons anti-HCV antibodies were assayed in saliva of hemodialysis patients by ImmunoComb II assay that is less laborious, relatively inexpensive and easy to perform If the findings are confirmed by larger studies this method may be useful especially in developing countries. Serum and saliva samples were obtained from 37 hemodialysis patients and assayed by ImmunoComb II kit. In positive PCR patients the saliva test had 100% sensitivity, which was as good as serum anti-HCV Axsym testing. Saliva testing had a similar or better specificity than the serum method.
    Journal of Virological Methods 05/2006; 133(1):1-5. DOI:10.1016/j.jviromet.2005.09.009 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    J Levy · D Tovbin · T Lifshitz · M Zlotnik · Z Tessler
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    ABSTRACT: Although several works in the past have examined the effect of haemodialysis (HD) on intraocular pressure (IOP), reported findings, theories, and conclusions are very different. The objectives of this article are to resume the reported evidence of IOP changes during HD, to review the proposed hypothesis of HD influence on IOP, and to determine if ophthalmic examination is imperative in HD patients. We analysed the peer-reviewed English literature and selected all possible relevant articles. The influence of HD on IOP is not clear, and even in recent studies opposite findings can be found. Future studies are needed to clarify the effects of HD on IOP. In patients with glaucoma or with predisposed narrow angles, or eyes with impaired aqueous outflow, the possibility of acute IOP rise during HD could be much more frequent than in normal patients. So in these patients, a more strict ophthalmic scheduled examination seems to be feasible.
    Eye 01/2006; 19(12):1249-56. DOI:10.1038/sj.eye.6701755 · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During a 12-month surveillance period, haemodialysis (HD) patients in southern Israel were categorised according to the type of vascular access site (VAS), i.e., arteriovenous (AV) fistula, synthetic AV graft, and cuffed or non-cuffed vascular catheters. Endpoints, expressed as cases/100 patient-months, were: incidence of hospital admission; antibiotic therapy; bloodstream infection (BSI); and VAS infection. These were compared to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) surveillance data, overall and by VAS type. In total, 2568 patient-months were analysed. The VAS distribution differed significantly from CDC data for fistulas (72% vs. 31%), grafts (12% vs. 41%), cuffed catheters (11% vs. 25%) and non-cuffed catheters (5% vs. 3%) (p < 0.0001 in all cases). Of 151 admissions, 32% resulted from infection, for which 112 antibiotic courses (22% vancomycin) were given. There were 16 BSIs, three involving resistant strains. The incidences of admission, antibiotic therapy, BSI and VAS infection were significantly lower overall, compared to CDC rates, as were most VAS-specific endpoints. These differences may be explained by VAS type distribution, although other factors may also be involved. Reporting regional or national surveillance data may allow a standardised comparison of the incidence of HD-associated infections.
    Clinical Microbiology and Infection 08/2005; 11(7):547-52. DOI:10.1111/j.1469-0691.2005.01168.x · 5.20 Impact Factor
  • Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 05/2005; 20(4):827-9. DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfh655 · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Iron absorption is impaired in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ESRD duration and diabetes mellitus (DM) are prominent risk factors in ESRD patients, associated with multi-system complications involving the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, we suggest that DM and ESRD duration contribute to iron absorption impairment in ESRD. Since we administer oral iron during hemodialysis (HD) sessions, we assessed the relationship of DM and ESRD duration to intradialytic iron absorption. A 4-hr intradialytic oral iron absorption test was performed in 22 non-diabetic patients and 21 diabetic chronic HD patients. Elemental iron, 100 mg (iron(III)-hydroxide-polymaltose) was administered at dialysis start. Serum iron levels were measured hourly since iron ingestion, and standardized according to transferrin levels to correct for intradialytic blood volume changes. The primary end point was peak increase in standardized serum iron level (DeltaI). ESRD duration and DM were defined as months on dialysis and the presence of DM before dialysis initiation, respectively. Evaluated confounding factors included age, gender, dry weight (DW), ultrafiltration volume (UF), UF/DW, eKt/V, transferrin saturation (%SAT), ferritin, parathyroid hormone (PTH), C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythropoietin (EPO) dosage. DeltaI was significantly inversely correlated with ESRD duration. DM was significantly associated with lower DeltaI after statistically controlling for ESRD duration. These relationships remained significant after statistically controlling for %SAT, UF and UF/DW. %SAT was significantly inversely correlated with DeltaI, but contributed to lower variability of DeltaI (11%) than DM (15.2%) and ESRD duration (16.5%). Intradialytic iron absorption was less impaired in non-diabteic patients with shorter ESRD duration. Therefore, intradialytic oral iron therapy could be successful in these patients.
    Journal of nephrology 01/2005; 18(2):174-80. · 2.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The mortality rate in diabetic dialysis patients (DDPs) is over 15% per year, with the cause of death most often attributed to cardiovascular disease (CVD) or bacterial infection (sepsis). Identification of genetic markers predictive of early mortality would be useful in the evaluation of therapies for the reduction of mortality rate in this population. Haptoglobin (Hp) is a polymorphic protein which appears to confer differential susceptibility to bacterial infection and CVD. We therefore proposed that Hp phenotype can predict mortality in DDPs. We tested this hypothesis prospectively in a longitudinal study of 392 dialysis patients from eight medical centres in Israel. Hp was determined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Patients were followed for all-cause mortality over a 3-year period. We found that Hp phenotype was a significant predictor of mortality in DDPs stratified by age. In diabetic individuals over 60 years of age there was a decrease in mortality associated with the Hp 1-1 phenotype (P = 0.03). However, in younger DDPs the Hp 2-2 phenotype was associated with a decreased mortality rate (P = 0.003). Hp phenotype may be useful in the risk stratification algorithm and management of DDPs.
    Annals of Clinical Biochemistry 12/2004; 41(Pt 6):469-73. DOI:10.1258/0004563042466758 · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We recently reported that haptoglobin (Hp) phenotype 1-1 is protective against the development of nephropathy in normal creatinine diabetics. In the present study, we sought to determine if Hp phenotype also plays a role in renal deterioration by determining Hp phenotypes in a consecutive series of patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) in hemodialysis (HD) and predialysis clinics. Three hundred and ninety-two patients on HD for less than 2 years and 182 predialysis patients (creatinine clearance time [CCT] <35 ml/min) were subjected to Hp phenotyping. Age, gender and presence of diabetes or hypertension were recorded. Patients were stratified according to age (above and below 60 years) and severity of renal dysfunction (CRF or HD). We observed a markedly lower prevalence of the Hp 1-1 phenotype in HD patients under 60 years of age compared to patients with CRF or compared to the general population. This was not due to differences in the threshold for dialysis initiation among patients with different Hp types or to decreased survival of patients with Hp 1-1 prior to entering HD. In HD patients 60 years and over, Hp 1-1 prevalence was increased, as observed with other diseases in this age group. The prevalence of Hp 1-1 is decreased in HD patients less than 60 years of age. This may be due to a fundamental difference in the rate of renal deterioration in patients with different Hp types. In addition, Hp 1-1 may provide a protective effect against mortality in elderly patients.
    Nephron Experimental Nephrology 11/2004; 97(2):e71-6. DOI:10.1159/000078408 · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cryptic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection relates to patients infected chronically with HCV that are seronegative but have HCV-RNA. These patients are not identified by the standard serological tests for HCV, which are based on detection of antibodies to core, NS3 and NS5 antigens. They will, therefore, be wrongly diagnosed as non-infected, and are considered as a potential risk for others. Cryptic HCV infection in dialysis units occurs frequently and, due to medical procedures, is a major factor for contracting the virus when unrecognised. This study was conducted in order to assess the humoral immune responses to E2-antigen in sera of patients infected chronically with HCV. Recombinant E2 protein in enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot (WB) were used to test the occurrence of anti-E2 antibodies in the sera of patients from the liver clinic and of dialysis patients. The presence of E2 antibodies was found to be correlated with the presence of HCV-RNA and with viral load. Antibodies to the E2 protein could be detected in as many as 30% of the sera from dialysis patients with cryptic HCV infection (HCV-RNA only). The results suggest that detection of anti-E2 antibodies may enhance significantly HCV serological standard testing; especially among patients on dialysis, and that antibodies to envelope E2 protein appear to depend on and correlate with the presence of HCV particles.
    Journal of Medical Virology 08/2004; 73(4):529-35. DOI:10.1002/jmv.20122 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis (HD) through an arm arteriovenous fistula (AVF), coronary insufficiency can occur if the patient undergoes a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) using the ipsilateral internal mammary artery (1-4). Therefore, the creation of a new AVF after CABG should avoid using the arm ipsilateral to the side where the internal thoracic artery was used. In cases where coronary syndrome appears when this advice is not followed, treatment should be offered aimed at overcoming the hemodynamic interference between the diminished coronary supply through the left or right internal mammary artery by closure of the existing fistula, with or without temporary central venous line insertion until the maturation of a new fistula. We suggest a different approach by moving only the arterial inflow site of the AVF to the controlateral subclavian artery, but in addition, leaving the well functioning venous outflow tract intact. In cases of left internal mammary steal it is achieved by creating a conduit running from the right subclavian artery to the left cephalic vein; therefore, creating a new arterial inflow source, connected to the existing functioning old venous outflow tract to maintain an immediately functioning new fistula without a coronary steal.
    The journal of vascular access 01/2004; 5(3):133-5. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) is a rare occurrence in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) in renal transplant patients on immunosuppressive therapy. RPGN post ischemia-reperfusion has not been previously reported. We report a 62 year old male patient on azathioprine therapy, 9 years after left cadaveric renal transplantation due to end stage renal disease of unknown etiology, who presented with progressive deterioration in renal function and hematuria. Renal biopsy was consistent with IgAN. Duplex and CT scan demonstrated a decreased renal graft perfusion, due to severe atherosclerosis and stenosis of iliac arteries. The patient underwent left axilo-femoral bypass graft surgery with improvement in kidney graft perfusion and function. However, few weeks later, patient presented with pulmonary edema and advanced renal failure and he was initiated on hemodialysis. Repeated renal biopsy demonstrated crescentic GN. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of RPGN following reversal of ischemia and reperfusion. There was no evidence for atherembolic disease which is not uncommon after vascular surgery and it has been reported to be rarely associated to crescentic GN. Theoretical explanations for exacerbation of IgAN to crescentic GN, following successful reperfusion, could be enhancement of capillary damage, inflammation and oxidative stress. Putative mechanisms for these phenomena may be interaction of reperfusion-induced hyperfiltration, high intraglomerular capillary pressure, oxidative stress, increased polymorphonucler cells infiltration and inflammation; the presence of IgA immune deposits and azathioprine metabolites, both can also be associated to enhancement of oxidative stress.
    Journal of nephrology 01/2004; 17(1):130-3. · 2.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Since quality of life (QOL) of hemodialysis (HD) patients is low and frequently difficult to improve by medical therapy, it is important to identify psychosocial correlates and life-domains important for HD patients' QOL. Our hypothesis was that psychosocial factors reflecting appraisal, external and internal resources/impediments correlate with QOL and compensate for adverse effects of disease-related variables on QOL. Forty-eight chronic HD-patients identified and rank-ordered life-domains important for QOL and rated their level of satisfaction with those domains. This was performed using a slightly modified version of the Self-Evaluated Individualized QOL (SEiQOL) Scale. Psychosocial factors included perceived-control (PC), social-support and hostility. Demographic and disease-related factors included age, gender, cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, hematocrit, albumin and C-reactive protein. QOL was significantly correlated with PC (r = 0.65) and social-support (r = 0.38), and inversely correlated with hostility (r = -0.31), diabetes and hypoalbuminemia (all at least p < 0.05). PC mediated effects of certain variables (e.g., albumin, gender, hostility) and moderated effects of little social-support and hypoalbuminemia on QOL. Patients' most important QOL domains were health, with which satisfaction was lowest, followed by family, with which satisfaction was highest. Pending replication with larger samples, assessment and enhancement of PC may improve HD patients' QOL.
    Quality of Life Research 09/2003; 12(6):709-17. DOI:10.1023/A:1025101601822 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gadolinium (Gd) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents are considered to be safe in patients with impaired renal function. Our study investigates a mechanism of severe iron intoxication with life-threatening serum iron levels in a haemodialysis patient following MRI with Gd-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) administration. His previous history was remarkable for multiple blood transfusions and biochemical evidence of iron overload. We hypothesized that Gd-DTPA may have an iron-mobilizing effect in specific conditions of iron overload combined with prolonged exposure to the agent. For the in vitro study, Gd-DTPA was added to mice liver homogenate and iron metabolism parameters were measured after incubation in comparison with the same samples incubated with saline only. For the in vivo study, an experimental model of acute renal failure in iron-overloaded rats was designed. Previously iron-overloaded and normally fed rats underwent bilateral nephrectomy by renal pedicle ligation, followed by Gd-DTPA or saline injection. Iron and iron saturation levels were checked before and 24 h after Gd-DTPA or vehicle administration. Significant mobilization of iron from mice liver tissue homogenate in mixtures with Gd in vitro was seen in the control (saline) and in the experimental (Gd) groups (513+/-99.1 vs 1117.8+/-360.8 microg/dl, respectively; P<0.05). Administration of Gd-DTPA to iron-overloaded rats after renal pedicle ligation caused marked elevation of serum iron from baseline 143+/-3.4 to 570+/-8 microg/dl (P<0.0001). There were no changes of the named parameter, either in iron-overloaded anuric rats after saline injection or in normal diet uraemic animals, following Gd-DTPA administration. The combination of iron overload and lack of adequate clearance of Gd chelates may cause massive liberation of iron with dangerous elevation of free serum iron. It is highly recommended that after Gd contrast study, end-stage renal disease patients with probable iron overload should undergo prompt and intensive haemodialysis for prevention of this serious complication.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 06/2003; 18(5):884-7. DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfg064 · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress and inflammation contribute to the high prevalence and severity of atherosclerosis, infections, and beta2-microglobulin amyloidosis; and thus, to reduced survival rate and quality of life in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Inflammation induces oxidative stress by production of the oxidants: superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide, and hypochlorite. Intravenous iron (IVIR), administered in HD patients to correct anemia, can release free iron, that may react with hydrogen peroxide to produce the strong oxidant hydroxyl radical. Inflammation-induced lipid and protein oxidation and IVIR-induced lipid oxidation were shown in HD patients. However, IVIR-induced protein oxidation and a relationship between inflammation and IVIR-induced oxidative stress have not been reported to date. We examined the effect of IVIR administration on markers of protein oxidation in HD patients (advanced oxidation protein products [AOPPs], thiol, and dityrosine) in relation to such inflammatory markers as C-reactive protein (CRP) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Iron saccharate, 100 mg, was administered to 19 HD patients for 1 hour after 3.5 hours of high-flux dialysis. Blood samples were drawn pre-HD, pre-IVIR, and post-IVIR for iron, transferrin, TNF-alpha, AOPP, thiol, total antioxidant capacity (TEAC), and dityrosine levels and pre-HD for ferritin and CRP levels. IVIR administration induced a 37% increase in AOPP level (P < 0.001), which correlated positively with pre-HD CRP level (r = 0.72; P < 0.05) and was greater in patients with a greater pre-HD TNF-alpha level (P < 0.05). IVIR administration did not affect TEAC, thiol, dityrosine, or TNF-alpha levels. IVIR administration induced an increase in protein oxidation (AOPP levels) that was related to the degree of inflammation.
    American Journal of Kidney Diseases 11/2002; 40(5):1005-12. DOI:10.1053/ajkd.2002.36334 · 5.76 Impact Factor
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    The Israel Medical Association journal: IMAJ 10/2002; 4(9):730-1. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The magnitude and clinical significance of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in dialysis patients is controversial and underestimated. This study was conducted in order to evaluate the correlation between HCV replication and antibody response to HCV in dialysis patients. HCV infection in dialysis patients was evaluated over a period of 3 years and compared to HCV infection in Liver Clinic patients. Sera were collected from 310 dialysis patients and tested for anti-HCV and HCV-RNA. In addition, HCV genotype and HCV viral load were determined in HCV-RNA-positive sera. Anti-HCV was detected in 43 (14%) of the dialysis patients. Of these, 37 (86%) were HCV-RNA-positive. Among the 267 HCV-seronegative dialysis patients, 25 (9%) were found to be HCV-RNA-positive in more than one sample during the study. These patients were characterized by low viral load; at least two orders of magnitude lower than in the group of HCV-seropositives. In contrast, in the Liver Clinic patients, HCV-RNA was found exclusively in HCV-seropositive patients. Comparison of the genotype pattern in the two groups did not reveal a difference. Our results suggest that HCV infection in dialysis units may be underestimated due to cases of low viral load, depending on the method of RNA extraction and sensitivity of the test used. Low viral load might contribute to the lack of humoral immune response seen in some dialysis patients.
    Journal of Viral Hepatitis 04/2002; 9(2):141-5. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2893.2002.00332.x · 3.31 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

378 Citations
115.12 Total Impact Points


  • 1999–2012
    • Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
      • Faculty of Health Sciences
      Beersheba, Southern District, Israel
  • 2000–2010
    • Soroka Medical Center
      • • Department of Nephrology
      • • Soroka Medical Center
      Be'er Sheva`, Southern District, Israel
  • 1997
    • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Dallas, TX, United States