Guixing Qiu

Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (87)168.53 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes is associated with acute and chronic complications and poses a large economic, social, and medical burden on patients and their families as well as society. This study aims to evaluate the direct economic burden of type 2 diabetes in China. Data source: systematic review on cost of illness, health care costs, direct service costs, drug costs, and health expenditures in relation to type 2 diabetes was conducted up to 2014 using databases such as Pubmed; EBSCO; Elsevier ScienceDirect, Web of Science; and a series of Chinese databases, including Wanfang Data, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and the China Science and Technology Journal Database. Factors influencing hospitalization and drug fees were also identified. Study eligibility criteria: (1) estimation of the direct economic burden including hospitalization and outpatient cost of type 2 diabetes patients in China; (2) evaluation of the factors influencing the direct economic burden. Articles only focusing on the cost-effectiveness analysis of diabetes drugs were excluded. The direct economic burden of type 2 diabetes has increased over time in China, and in 2008, the direct medical cost reached $9.1 billion, Both outpatient and inpatient costs have increased. Income level, type of medical insurance, the level of hospital care, and type and number of complications are primary factors influencing diabetes related hospitalization costs. Compared to urban areas, the direct non-medical cost of type 2 diabetes in rural areas is significantly greater. The direct economic burden of type 2 diabetes poses a significant challenge to China. To address the economic burden associated with type 2 diabetes, measures need to be taken to reduce prevalence rate and severity of diabetes and hospitalization cost.
    Diabetes therapy : research, treatment and education of diabetes and related disorders. 02/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: BC (bacterial cellulose) exhibits quite distinctive properties than plant cellulose. The outstanding properties make BC a promising material for preparation of artificial blood vessel. By taking advantage of the high oxygen permeability of PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane) as a tubular template material, a series of BC tubes with a length of 100 mm, a thickness of 1 mm and an outer diameter of 4 or 6 mm were biosynthesized with the help of Gluconacetobacter xylinum. Through characterization by SEM (scanning electron microscope), tensile testing and thermal analysis, it is demonstrated that BC tubes are good enough for artificial blood vessel with elaborated nano-fiber architecture, qualified mechanical properties and high thermal stability. In addition, measurement of biocompatibility also shows that BC tubes are greatly adaptable to the in vivo environment. The results indicate that BC tubes have great potential for being utilized as tubular scaffold materials in the field of tissue engineering.
    Materials Science and Engineering C 01/2015; 46:111–117. · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A retrospective study of 1162 consecutive patients who underwent spinal deformity surgical procedures at our spine center from January 2010 to December 2013.
    Spine 11/2014; 39(24):E1425-32. · 2.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The long term outcome of patellar resurfacing in Chinese has not been well described. This study evaluated more than 10-year clinical outcomes and survivorship of patellar resurfacing or nonresurfacing in total knee arthroplasty. From January 1993 to December 2002, 265 patients accepted total knee arthroplasty in Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Among them, 226 patients (246 knees) were successfully followed up, with 176 knees for patellar resurfacing and 70 knees for nonresurfacing. The survivorship of total knee arthroplasty between two groups and the hospital for special surgery knee score (HSS), patellar score, patellar related complication and radiological results were studied at the latest follow-up. The HSS knee score increased from 55.9±12.2 preoperatively to 92.0±10.9 postoperatively for patellar resurfacing group and from 56.6±9.9 to 94.2±11.4 for nonresurfacing group after average 11.4-year follow-up. Patellar score increased from 13.93±2.42 preoperatively to 28.33±2.20 for resurfacing group and from 13.55±2.73 to 27.8±2.37 for nonresurfacing group. There was no statistically significant difference for both HSS score, patellar score between the two groups with higher rate of anterior knee pain for nonresurfacing group. Patellar nonresurfacing had higher lateral subluxation than resurfacing group according to radiological evaluation. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis had 5.5 fold patellar related complication than patients with osteoarthritis. The 10-year survival rate was not statistically significant different between the two groups (P = 0.12). There was no significant difference of long-term clinical outcome and survivorship between patellar resurfacing and nonresurfacing. Patellar nonresurfacing can be advisable during primary total knee arthroplasty especially in Chinese patients with osteoarthritis. Selective patellar resurfacing for patients with rheumatoid arthritis can achieve lower patella related complication.
    Chinese medical journal. 11/2014; 127(22):3845-51.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to summarize and analyze the complications of posterior vertebral column resection in patients with spinal tumors. The complications of 40 patients following surgery were recorded, and surgery-related parameters including segments, bleeding volume and surgical duration were recorded and analyzed. SPSS 12.0 software was used to analyze the correlation between the complications and these parameters retrospectively. A total of 36 complications were reported. The median follow-up duration of the patients was 14 months (range, 4-78 months). Transient late tracheal extubation was associated with higher intraoperative bleeding volume, lower preoperative forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 sec. Replaced spinal segment subsidence was associated with increased duration of surgery, higher intraoperative bleeding volume and higher total blood transfusion volume. Thrombocytopenia was associated with increased duration of surgery and higher total blood transfusion volume. The majority of the complications were minor and did not affect the recovery of the patients. Active prevention is necessary to reduce the incidence of complications, in particular, major ones.
    Experimental and therapeutic medicine 11/2014; 8(5):1539-1544. · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze risk factors for an increase in proximal junctional angle (PJA) after posterior selective thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve fusion in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).
    European Spine Journal 10/2014; · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. It has been reported that the defect in the NTRK1 gene encoding tropomyosin-related kinase A (TrkA) can cause congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis. Nerve growth factor (NGF), the product of NGFB, mediates biological effects by binding to and activating tropomyosin-related kinase A. In addition, necdin (encoded by NDN) is also essential in nerve growth factor-tropomyosin-related kinase A pathway. We performed mutation analysis in NTRK1, NGFB, and NDN genes in a Chinese Han 17-year-old female patient with congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis and her healthy family members. As a result, the patient was found to have a novel insertion in exon 7 (c.727insT) of NTRK1, which causes premature termination, and a single nucleotide polymorphism (rs2192206 G>A) in NDN. Our findings imply that the genetic variations of the nerve growth factor-tropomyosin-related kinase A pathway play an important role in congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis.
    Journal of Child Neurology 10/2014; · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the relationship between bore diameter of porous hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds and the adhesion, proliferation and metabolism of osteoblasts by 3D cultivation. MC3T3-E1 cell suspension was separately dropped axially through different bore diameter scaffolds (Group A:150 µm, Group B:300 µm) to confirm initial seeding. Then scaffolds were transferred into a perfusion bioreactor of 5% CO2 at 37°C for 5 days with an average flow of 3.4 ml/min. After perfusion cultivation, cell proliferation between different groups of scaffolds was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay and cell metabolic activities were determined by glucose consumption. Lastly cell adhesion and proliferation were observed directly by scanning electronic microscope (SEM). The results of MTT assay showed that the optical density/mass ratios were 1.31 ± 0.26 in group A and 1.51 ± 0.43 in group B. There was no significant difference (t test, P = 0.36). Glucose consumption in group A was significantly lower than that in group B [(162.38 ± 33.09) vs (217.97 ± 27.91) µmol/L, P = 0.01]. The adhesion, proliferation, pseudopodia and extracellular matrix of osteoblasts in internal part of scaffolds after perfusion cultivation were observed by SEM. With excellent biocompatibility, porous HA scaffolds are available for fabricating tissue engineering bones. There is no effect of bore diameter on the proliferation of osteoblasts. But it affects the metabolic activity of osteoblasts. So bore diameter may be increased within a feasible range on the premise of mechanical properties.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi. 10/2014; 94(39):3098-101.
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    ABSTRACT: Study Design. A retrospective radiographic analysis.Objective. To assess the effect of unfused segments in the reconstitution of coronal balance after posterior selective thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.Summary of Background Data. Current literature suggests that compensatory changes occur after selective TL/L curve fusion surgery. Hitherto the roles of the unfused levels in coronal balance reconstitution have not fully understood.Methods. Radiographic data of idiopathic scoliosis patients that underwent selective posterior TL/L curve fusion at our hospital before October 2011 with a minimum of 2 years follow-up period was retrospectively analyzed. Changes of coronal trunk shift during the follow-up period were studied and multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine its correlation with changes of upper and lower curve of unfused thoracic segments, instrumented segments angle, distal unfused segments angle and coronal sacral inclination.Results. A total of 43 patients were included in this study. Pre-operative and first erect radiographs demonstrated trunk shifts of 21.1mm and 18.7mm respectively, showing no significant differences (P = 0.205). At the last follow-up, it compensated to 9mm, which showed significant differences (P<0.01). Regression analysis of all patients showed that coronal trunk shift changes only correlated with distal unfused segments angle changes. Subgroup analysis based on the magnitude of preoperative thoracic curve found that only distal unfused segments had an impact on coronal balance reconstitution. However, subgroup analysis based on the flexibility of preoperative thoracic curve showed that both proximal unfused thoracic segments and distal unfused lumbar segments contributed to coronal balance compensation in patients with a thoracic curve flexibility rate of more than 70%.Conclusions. The reconstitution of coronal balance was mainly compensated by distal unfused segments after selective posterior fusion of TL/L idiopathic scoliosis. The effect of unfused thoracic segments in coronal balance reconstitution mainly depended on its flexibility.
    Spine 09/2014; · 2.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Study Design. Retrospective Case SeriesObjective. The objectives of this study were to 1) determine the rate of POUR in a series of patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery 2) compare length of stay between patients who developed POUR and patients who did not, and 3) identify the patient and surgical factors associated with the development of POUR.Summary of Background Data. Although post-operative urinary retention (POUR) is a common complication in many surgical subspecialties, sparse literature is present regarding development of POUR after posterior lumbar surgical procedures.Methods. A retrospective review was conducted of all posterior lumbar surgery cases performed at single institute from July 2008 to July 2012. Data collected included demographic variables (age, sex, BMI), length of stay, comorbid medical conditions, and surgical data. Wilcoxon rank sum test with continuity correction was used to compare length of stay between patients who developed POUR and patients who did not. A multivariate logistic regression model was created using all patient and surgical factors and systematically pruned of variables not improving overall predictive power.Results. 647 patients (291 decompression, 356 decompression and fusion) were included in the study. 36 of 647 patients had urinary retention after lumbar spine surgery (5.6%). Patients who developed POUR had a longer length of stay compared to patients who did not develop POUR (3.94 days vs. 2.34 days, p = 0.005). Male gender, BPH, age, diabetes, and depression were significantly associated with development of POUR (OR: 3.05, 9.82, 1.04, 3.32, and 2.51, respectively). Smoking was inversely associated with the development of POUR (OR: 0.45).Conclusions. The risk of developing POUR following posterior lumbar spine surgery is approximately 5%. Male gender, BPH, age, diabetes, and depression were significantly associated with the POUR group. Patients who developed POUR had a greater length of stay.
    Spine 09/2014; · 2.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is commonly performed using a tourniquet. However, some studies have reported that several complications were associated with the use of a tourniquet in TKA. In this study we investigate whether the limited use of a tourniquet in TKA would reduce complications and facilitate postoperative recovery. Methods Sixty patients were randomly divided into two groups (30 cases/group): group A using the tourniquet throughout the surgical procedure, and group B using the tourniquet starting from the cementation to the completion of the procedure. Operation time, total measured blood loss, and incidence of complications were all recorded. Results There was no significant difference in operation time, total measured blood loss, and hemoglobin concentration between the two groups. Incidence of postoperative complications in group B was significantly decreased in comparison to that in group A. The limb circumference at 10 cm above the superior patellar pole or below the inferior patellar pole and the pain score in group B were significantly decreased compared with that in group A at any time point. Range of motion in group B was significantly increased at three and 5 days postoperatively in comparison to that in group A. Conclusions The limited use of a tourniquet in TKA provides the benefit of decreased limb swelling and knee joint pain while not compromising the operation time or blood loss and recovery. Level of evidence Level I (Therapeutic). Trial registration number NCT02102581.
    The Knee 09/2014; · 1.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cartilage-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been isolated with different methods. In this study lateral and medial femoral condyles were respectively collected from patients with late-stage osteoarthritis during the total knee arthroplasty. After digestion of the cartilage tissues with type II collagenase and analysis by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) with CD146, a chondroprogenitor cell sub-population were isolated and purified. The expression of other MSC-associated markers in the CD146+ chondroprogenitors was analyzed by flow cytometry. Multi-lineage differentiation capacity of CD146+ chondroprogenitors was compared with that of unsorted chondrocytes and adipose-derived MSCs (ADMSCs). Higher percentage of CD146+ chondroprogenitors isolated from the medial femoral condyles was observed than that from the lateral. CD146+ chondroprogenitors expressed high levels of MSC-specific surface antigens, and showed higher chondrogenesis capacity than ADMSCs and unsorted chondrocytes in a 3D cell pellet culture model. Thus CD146 might be a new cell surface marker for cartilage progenitor cell population in the late-stage osteoarthritis. © 2014 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res
    Journal of Orthopaedic Research 09/2014; · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Study Design. A genetic association study of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for LMX1A gene with congenital scoliosis (CS) in a Chinese Han populationObjective. To determine whether LMX1A genetic polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to CS.Summary of Background Data. CS is a lateral curvature of the spine due to congenital vertebral defects, whose exact genetic etiology has not been well established. LMX1A gene was suggested as a potential human candidate gene for CS. However, no genetic study of LMX1A in CS has ever been reported.Methods. We genotyped thirteen SNPs of LMX1A gene in 154 CS patients and 144 controls with matched sex and age. After Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium test, the data of thirteen SNPs were analyzed by the allelic and genotypic association with logistic regression analysis. Furthermore, the genotype-phenotype association and haplotype association analysis were also performed.Results. The thirteen SNPs of LMX1A gene met Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in the controls, which was not in the cases. None of the allelic and genotypic frequencies of these SNPs showed significant difference between case and control group (P0.05). However, the genotypic frequencies of rs1354510 and rs16841013 in LMX1A gene were associated with CS predisposition (P=0.02 and 0.018 respectively). Genotypic frequencies of 3 SNPs at rs6671290, rs1354510, and rs16841013 were found to exhibit significant differences between CS patients with failure of formation and the healthy controls (P=0.019, 0.007 and 0.006 respectively). Besides, in the model analysis by using unconditional logistic regression analysis, the optimized model for the three genotypic positive SNPs with failure of formation were rs6671290 (codominant, P=0.025, AIC=316.6, BIC=333.9), rs1354510 (overdominant, P=0.0017, AIC=312.1, BIC=325.9) and rsl6841013 (overdominant, P=0.0016, AIC=311.1, BIC=325) respectively. However, the haplotype distributions in the case group were not significantly different from those of control group in the three haplotypic blocks.Conclusion. To our knowledge, this is the first study identifying the SNPs of LMX1A gene might be associated with the susceptibility to CS and different clinical phenotypes of CS in Chinese Han population.
    Spine 08/2014; · 2.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Erythropoietin (EPO)/erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) signaling is involved in the development and regeneration of several non-hematopoietic tissues including the skeleton. EPO is identified as a downstream target of the hypoxia inducible factor-α (HIF-α) pathway. It is shown that EPO exerts a positive role in bone repair, however, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study we show that EPO and EPOR are expressed in the proliferating, pre-hypertrophic and hypertrophic zone of the developing mouse growth plates as well as in the cartilaginous callus of the healing bone. The proliferation rate of chondrocytes is increased under EPO treatment, while this effect is decreased following siRNA mediated knockdown of EPOR in chondrocytes. EPO treatment increases biosynthesis of proteoglycan, accompanied by up-regulation of chondrogenic marker genes including SOX9, SOX5, SOX6, collagen type 2, and aggrecan. The effects are inhibited by knockdown of EPOR. Blockage of the endogenous EPO in chondrocytes also impaired the chondrogenic differentiation. In addition, EPO promotes metatarsal endothelial sprouting in vitro. This coincides with the in vivo data that local delivery of EPO increases vascularity at the mid-stage of bone healing (day 14). In a mouse femoral fracture model, EPO promotes cartilaginous callus formation at days 7 and 14, and enhances bone healing at day 28 indexed by improved X-ray score and micro-CT analysis of microstructure of new bone regenerates, which results in improved biomechanical properties. Our results indicate that EPO enhances chondrogenic and angiogenic responses during bone repair. EPO's function on chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation is at least partially mediated by its receptor EPOR. EPO may serve as a therapeutic agent to facilitate skeletal regeneration.
    PLoS ONE 07/2014; 9(7):e102010. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Object There are limited published data about the risk factors for the development of delayed infections after spinal fusion and instrumentation in the population with scoliosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the predictive factors of development of delayed infections in patients with scoliosis who underwent surgical treatment. Methods A total of 17 patients with scoliosis and delayed infections were identified from 3463 patients with scoliosis who received surgical treatment. The control group was composed of 85 patients with scoliosis without infections, matched for sex, age, approximate date of surgery, and diagnosis. These 2 groups were compared for demographic distribution and clinical data to investigate the predictive factors of delayed infections. Results The overall incidence rate of delayed infections was 0.49%. The variables of age, body mass index, and number of levels fused were similar between the 2 groups. The average primary curve magnitude for the delayed infection and control (uninfected) groups was 80.4° ± 27.0° (range 47°-135°) and 66.3° ± 11.6° (range 42°-95°), respectively (p = 0.001). Operation time in the group with delayed infections was 384.7 ± 115.9 minutes versus 254.4 ± 79.2 minutes in the control group (p = 0.000), and estimated blood loss was 1342.2 ± 707.2 ml versus 833.9 ± 235.6 ml (p = 0.000) in these 2 groups, respectively. The perioperative mean red blood cell transfusion requirement in the delayed infection group was significantly higher than that found in patients without infections (2.8 ± 2.3 units/patient versus 1.1 ± 1.6 units/patient, respectively; p = 0.000). Logistic regression analysis showed that operation time and allogenic blood transfusion were the 2 independent predictors of delayed infections (odds ratio [OR] 1.021, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.010-1.033, and OR 1.546, 95% CI 1.048-2.278, respectively). Conclusions The occurrence of a delayed infection in patients with scoliosis who undergo surgical treatment is most likely multifactorial and is related to surgical time and the use of allogenic blood transfusion.
    Journal of Neurosurgery Spine 07/2014; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the biocompatibility of SLS-produced titanium alloy scaffold in vitro and investigate the therapeutic effects in repairing segmental bone defects.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi. 05/2014; 94(19):1499-502.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine: (1) the relationship of thoracic cage parameters and preoperative pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in congenital scoliosis (CS) patients. (2) if patients with rib deformity have greater impairment of PFTs than those without rib deformity. A total of 218 patients with CS and pulmonary dysfunction (FVC < 80 %) were conducted in one spine center between Jan 2009 and Mar 2013. The demographic distribution, medical records, PFTs and radiographs of all patients were collected. The association of PFTs and thoracic cage deformities was analyzed. In total, 143 patients (65.6 %) had a clinically relevant impairment of pulmonary function. They had smaller BMI, larger thoracic transverse and anteroposterior diameter, more thorax height, scoliotic angle and number of involved vertebra than no clinically impairment. PFTs were negative correlation significantly with scoliotic angle, number of involved vertebra and thoracic sagittal diameter, while thorax height is significant positive. The T1-12 height was significant positive correlation with age, stature, weight, thoracic transverse and sagittal longitudinal diameter, while negative correlation with scoliotic curve, number of involved vertebra, as well as kyphotic angle. PFTs do not correlate with T1-12 height, but significantly associated with the rib anomalies. The FVC and FEV1 were significantly lower in patients with rib anomalies than without rib anomalies. There was no association between the pulmonary function and the location of rib deformities. PFTs correlate significantly with scoliotic angle, number of involved vertebra, thoracic sagittal diameter, and thorax height. PFTs were significantly lower in patients with rib anomalies, particular to the patients with fused rib.
    European Spine Journal 05/2014; · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bacterial cellulose (BC) has been proposed as a biomaterial applied in biomedical scope due to its good biocompatibility. Recent reports showed that human adipose-derived stem cells (HASCs) have become a new choice to be used as seeding cells in tissue engineering. The objective of this study is to explore the potential of using BC and HASCs as scaffold and seeding cells in bone tissue engineering. The osteogenic differentiation was investigated by Von Kossa, Alizarin Red, ALP cellular staining and RT-PCR. The results showed that HASCs took a successful osteogenic differentiation on BC. Moreover, the in vivo animal test also provided the confirmation of the repair ability of BC on damaged bone. In conclusion, the author demonstrates the osteogenic differentiation of HASCs on BC and the feasibility of using BC and HASCs as scaffold and seeding cells in bone tissue engineering.
    Carbohydrate Polymers 04/2014; 104:158–165. · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine fusion necessity to one level below lower-end vertebra (LEV+1) in selective posterior fusion of moderate thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) idiopathic scoliosis. A total of 37 patients with moderate TL/L idiopathic scoliosis (Cobb angle of TL/L curve between 30° and 60°) were identified and three patients with TL/L curve Cobb angle more than 60° were excluded. And the follow-up period was at least 2 years. Lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) was one level proximal to LEV in three patients, LEV in 22 patients and LEV+1 in 12 patients. The three patients with TL/L Cobb angle more than 60° were all fused to LEV+1. Clinical and various radiographic measurements were collected before surgery, post-surgery and during last follow-up, and analytical comparisons were made between LIV = LEV patients and LIV = LEV+1 patients. No significant difference was observed regarding clinical and radiographic parameters between LEV group and LEV+1 group preoperatively except LIV disc angle and LIV translation. The correction rate of unfused thoracic curve and TL/L curve was 52.7 and 79.9 % in LEV group and 52.5 and 83.7 % in LEV+1 group at the last follow-up, indicating no significant difference (P = 0.976 and P = 0.415, respectively). Coronal balance and sagittal alignments were also comparable between the two groups. LIV translation was slightly less in LEV+1 group (P = 0.028) at the last follow-up on the basis that LEV+1 was less translated than LEV preoperatively. Our analysis almost showed no benefit for fusing to LEV+1 in moderate TL/L idiopathic scoliosis patients undergoing posterior selective fusion with pedicle screws. For patients with TL/L Cobb angle more than 60°, the distal fusion level probably needs to be LEV+1.
    European Spine Journal 03/2014; · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: No recent studies have analyzed the rates of or reasons for unanticipated revision surgery within 30 days of primary surgery in spinal deformity patients. Our aim was to examine the incidence, characteristics, reasons, and risk factors for unplanned revision surgery in spinal deformity patients treated at one institution. All patients with a diagnosis of spinal deformity presenting for primary instrumented spinal fusion at a single institution from 1998 to 2012 were reviewed. All unplanned reoperations performed within 30 days after primary surgery were analyzed in terms of demographics, surgical data, and complications. Statistical analyses were performed to obtain correlations and risk factors for anticipated revision. Of 2758 patients [aged 16.07 years (range, 2-71), 69.8% female] who underwent spinal fusion surgery, 59 (2.1%) required reoperation within 30 days after primary surgery. The length of follow up for each patient was more than 30 days. Of those that required reoperation, 87.0% had posterior surgery only, 5.7% had anterior surgery, and 7.3% underwent an anteroposterior approach. The reasons for reoperation included implant failure (n = 20), wound infection (n = 12), neurologic deficit (n = 9), pulmonary complications (n = 17), and coronal plane imbalance (n = 1). The risk factors for reoperation were age, diagnosis, and surgical procedure with osteotomy.
    PLoS ONE 03/2014; 9(3):e87172. · 3.53 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

363 Citations
168.53 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2014
    • Peking Union Medical College Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2013
    • University of Jinan (Jinan, China)
      Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China
  • 2002–2013
    • Peking Union Medical University
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2011
    • University of Maryland, Baltimore
      • Center for Vascular and Inflammatory Diseases
      Baltimore, MD, United States
  • 2010
    • Capital Medical University
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2009
    • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
      Manhattan, New York, United States