Hyuncheol Oh

Wonkwang University, Riri, North Jeolla, South Korea

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Publications (105)210.96 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Amomum tsao-ko Crevost et Lemaire, used as a spice in Asia, is an important source of Chinese cuisine and traditional Chinese medicines. A. tsao-ko is reported to exert a variety of biological and pharmacological activities, including anti-proliferative, anti-oxidative and neuroprotective effects. In this study, NNMBS227, consisting of the ethanol extract of A. tsao-ko, exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activities in RAW264.7 macrophages. We investigated the effect of NNMBS227 in the suppression of pro-inflammatory mediators, including pro-inflammatory enzymes (inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2) and cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β) in LPS stimulated macrophages. NNMBS227 also inhibited the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α, as well as the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 caused by stimulation with LPS. In addition, NNMBS227 induced heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression through the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in macrophages. Using tin protoporphyrin (SnPP), an HO activity inhibitor, we confirmed an association between the anti-inflammatory effects of NNMBS227 and the up-regulation of HO-1. These findings suggest that Nrf2-dependent increases in the expression of HO-1 induced by NNMBS227 conferred anti-inflammatory activities in LPS stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages.
    The American journal of Chinese medicine. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Saussurea lappa (SL) has been used as a traditional herbal medicine to treat abdominal pain and tenesmus, and has been suggested to possess various biological activities, including anti-tumor, anti-ulcer, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and cardiotonic activities. The effect of SL on breast cancer metastasis, however, is unknown. Cell migration and invasion are crucial in neoplastic metastasis. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), which degrades the extracellular matrix, is a major component in cancer cell invasion.
    BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 05/2014; 14(1):170. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is a risk factor associated with numerous disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and coronary heart disease. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of Pericarpium zanthoxyli extract (PZE) on the adipocytic differentiation of OP9 cells. During adipocyte differentiation, the OP9 cells were treated with 0, 10 and 20 µg/ml of PZE at various time intervals, followed by the examination of lipid droplet formation and the mRNA expression of adipogenesis-related genes. The cells treated with PZE during the early period (days 0-2) showed a significant reduction in the accumulation of lipid droplets, which were induced by a standard adipogenic cocktail, as well as a decrease in the expression of the adipogenesis-related transcription factor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and PPARγ-target genes, such as adipocyte protein 2 (aP2), fatty acid synthase (FAS) and other adipocyte markers. Adipocyte differentiation was not inhibited by treatment with PZE during the late stage of differentiation (days 3-5). Thus, the inhibitory effects of PZE on adipocyte differentiation occurred during the early stages of adipogenesis, which was confirmed by the decrease in the levels of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β (C/EBPβ) in a dose-dependent manner when the OP9 cells were exposed to PZE. Taken together, our results indicate that PZE inhibit the early stages of adipogenic differentiation by inhibiting C/EBPβ expression.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 02/2014; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: One new diketopiperazine alkaloid, deoxydihydroisoaustamide (I), and a new metabolite (II) are isolated together with the already known and structurally related deoxyisoaustamide.
    ChemInform 02/2014; 45(8).
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    ABSTRACT: Three new pyrrolobenzodiazepine derivatives, boseongazepines A-C (1-3), were isolated from a culture broth of Streptomyces sp. 11A057, together with the known compound usabamycin B (4). The structures of 1-4 were determined through the analysis of spectroscopic data including extensive 1D-, 2D-NMR, and MS techniques. Cell growth inhibition effects of these compounds were evaluated against Jurkat, K-562, HL-60, and HepG2 cell lines.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 02/2014; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In Korea and China, the heartwood of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen is an important traditional medicine used to treat blood disorders, ischemia, swelling, and epigastric pain. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of latifolin, a major neoflavonoid component isolated from the MeOH extract of D. odorifera, on the inflammatory reaction of thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal macrophages exposed to lipopolysaccharide, with a particular focus on heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling. Latifolin significantly inhibited the protein and mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and COX-2, reduced NO, prostaglandins E2, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-1β production in primary murine peritoneal macrophages exposed to lipopolysaccharide. Latifolin also suppressed inhibitor κB-α levels, NF-κB nuclear translocation, and NF-κB DNA-binding activity. Furthermore, latifolin upregulated HO-1 expression via nuclear transcription factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) nuclear translocation. In addition, using inhibitor tin protoporphyrin IX (SnPP), an inhibitor of HO-1, it was verified that the inhibitory effects of latifolin on the proinflammatory mediators and NF-κB DNA-binding activity were associated with the HO-1 expression. These results suggested that the latifolin-mediated up-regulation of HO-1 expression played a critical role in anti-inflammatory effects in macrophages. This study therefore identified potent therapeutic effects of latifolin, which warrants further investigation as a potential treatment for inflammatory diseases. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Phytotherapy Research 01/2014; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Opuntia humifusa (OH) on cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis (AP). Acute pancreatitis was induced via intraperitoneal injection of cholecystokinin analog cerulein (50 μg/kg). In the OH pretreatment group, OH was administered intraperitoneally (100, 250, or 500 mg/kg) 1 hour before first cerulein injection. In the posttreatment group, OH was administered intraperitoneally (500 mg/kg) 1 hour after the first cerulein injection. Furthermore, we isolated the pancreatic acinar cells using collagenase method, then investigated the acinar cell viability, cytokine productions, and the regulating mechanisms. The both pretreatment and posttreatment of OH treatment attenuated the severity of AP, as shown by the histology of the pancreas and lung, and inhibited neutrophil infiltration; serum amylase and lipase activities; proinflammatory cytokine expression such as interleukin 1, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor α; and cell death including apoptosis and necrosis. Furthermore, OH inhibited the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinases. These results suggest that OH reduces the severity of AP by inhibiting acinar cell death through c-Jun N-terminal kinases.
    Pancreas 01/2014; 43(1):118-27. · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sulfuretin is one of the major flavonoid components in Rhus verniciflua Stokes (Anacardiaceae) isolates. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of sulfuretin against tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced oxidative injury. The results indicated that the addition of sulfuretin before t-BHP treatment significantly inhibited cytotoxicity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in human liver-derived HepG2 cells. Sulfuretin up-regulated the activity of the antioxidant enzyme heme oxygenase (HO)-1 via nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) translocation into the nucleus and increased the promoter activity of the antioxidant response element (ARE). Moreover, sulfuretin exposure enhanced the phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), which are members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family. Furthermore, cell treatment with a JNK inhibitor (SP600125) and ERK inhibitor (PD98059) reduced sulfuretin-induced HO-1 expression and decreased its protective effects. Taken together, these results suggest that the protective effect of sulfuretin against t-BHP-induced oxidative damage in human liver-derived HepG2 cells is attributable to its ability to scavenge ROS and up-regulate the activity of HO-1 through the Nrf2/ARE and JNK/ERK signaling pathways. Therefore, sulfuretin could be advantageous as a bioactive source for the prevention of oxidative injury.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2014; 15(5):8863-8877. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The rhizome of Alisma orientale (Alismatis rhizome) has been used in Asia for promoting diuresis to eliminate dampness from the lower-jiao and to expel heat. In this study, an ethanol extract of the rhizome of Alisma orientale (AOE) was prepared and its effects on adipocyte differentiation of OP9 cells were investigated. Treatment with AOE in a differentiation medium for 5 days resulted in dose-dependent inhibition of lipid droplet formation in OP9 cells. Furthermore, AOE significantly inhibited adipocyte differentiation by downregulating the expression of the master transcription factor of adipogenesis, peroxisome proliferation-activity receptor γ (PPAR γ ), and related genes, including CCAAT/enhancer binding protein β (C/EBP β ), fatty acid-binding protein (aP2), and fatty acid synthase (FAS). AOE exerted its inhibitory effects primarily during the early adipogenesis stage (days 1-2), at which time it also exerted dose-dependent inhibition of the expression of C/EBP β , a protein related to the inhibition of mitotic clonal expansion. Additionally, AOE decreased the expression of autophagy-related proteins, including beclin 1, and the autophagy-related genes, (Atg) 7 and Atg12. Our results indicate that AOE's inhibitory effects on adipocyte differentiation of OP9 cells are mediated by reduced C/EBP β expression, causing inhibition of mitotic clonal expansion and autophagy.
    Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM. 01/2014; 2014:415097.
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    ABSTRACT: It has been previously shown that Nardostachys jatamansi (NJ) exhibits anti-inflammatory properties against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenges. However, the potency of NJ constituents against LPS-induced inflammatory responses has not been examined. In this present study, we determined which NJ extract fractions exhibit inhibitory effects against LPS-induced inflammatory responses. Among the NJ fractions, NJ-1, NJ-3, NJ-4, and NJ-6 inhibited LPS-induced production of NO. The NJ-3, NJ-4, and NJ-6 fractions also inhibited the production of cytokines, such as IL-1 β , IL-6, and TNF- α . However, NJ-1, NJ-3, NJ-4, and NJ-6 showed differential inhibitory mechanisms against LPS-induced inflammatory responses. NJ-1, NJ-3, and NJ-4 inhibited LPS-induced activation of c-jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 but did not affect activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) or NF- κ B. On the other hand, NJ-6 inhibited activation of MAPKs and NF- κ B. In addition, in vivo experiments revealed that administration of NJ-1, NJ-3, NJ-4, and NJ-6 reduced LPS-induced endotoxin shock, with NJ-6 especially showing a marked protective effect. Taken together, these results provide the evidence for the potential of selective NJ fractions against LPS-induced inflammation. Thus, it will be advantageous to further isolate and determine single effective compounds from these potent fractions.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 01/2014; 2014:837835. · 1.72 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Antibiotics 12/2013; · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we isolated a new sulfonic acid derivative, (Z)-4-methylundeca-1,9-diene-6-sulfonic acid (1), from the sea urchin collected from the Sea of Okhotsk. We established the structure of this new compound by analysis of NMR and HRMS data, along with comparison of the data with those of the related compounds reported in the literature. In addition, we investigated its anti-inflammatory effects in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. Compound 1 inhibited the production of NO, iNOS, PGE2, and COX-2, and it also suppressed the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-α and IL-1β. It inhibited the translocation of the NF-κB subunit p65 into the nucleus by interrupting the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α. In addition, compound 1 significantly decreased the phosphorylation of JNK and p38 in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages, suggesting that suppression of the inflammation process by compound 1 was mediated through the MAPK pathway. Taken together, this study showed that the anti-inflammatory effects of a new sulfonic acid derivative, (Z)-4-methylundeca-1,9-diene-6-sulfonic acid were mediated through the inhibition of NF-κB and JNK/p38 MAPK signaling pathways.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 11/2013; · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The root of Polygala tenuifolia Willd. (Polygalaceae) is well known for its use in the treatment of neurasthenia, amnesia, and inflammation. In this study, we isolated phenyl propanoid type metabolite tenuifoliside A, one of the phenylpropanoids from P. tenuifolia, and investigated its anti-inflammatory effects in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 and murine peritoneal macrophages. The results showed that tenuifoliside A inhibited the production of nitric oxide (NO), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), prostaglandin E2 (PG E2), and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2. In addition, tenuifoliside A suppressed the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β. We also evaluated the effects of tenuifoliside A on the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB). Tenuifoliside A inhibited the translocation of the NF-κB subunit p65 into the nucleus by interrupting the phosphorylation and degradation of inhibitor kappa B (IκB)-α in LPS-stimulated murine peritoneal macrophages. Moreover, we confirmed that the suppression of the inflammatory process by tenuifoliside A was mediated through the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) pathway based on the fact that tenuifoliside A significantly decreased p-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK) protein expression in LPS-stimulated murine peritoneal macrophages. Taken together, the anti-inflammatory effects of tenuifoliside A were mediated by the inhibition of the NF-κB and MAPK pathways. This study is the first report on the anti-inflammatory effects of tenuifoliside A, and the strong anti-inflammatory effects of tenuifoliside A provide potential compound to be developed as therapeutic for inflammatory diseases.
    European journal of pharmacology 09/2013; · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 8-Epiloganin (1), mussaenoside (2), and 5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid (3) have been isolated from Castilleja rubra, and the anti-inflammatory properties of these metabolites in a cell culture system were investigated. Compounds 1-3 suppressed not only the production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2, but also the expression of inducible NO synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the RAW264.7 murine macrophage cell line. Compounds 1-3 also inhibited the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines induced by LPS, namely, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β. The underlying mechanism of the anti-inflammatory action of compounds 1-3 was associated with downregulation of nuclear factor-κB.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 09/2013; · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The heartwood of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen (Leguminosae) is an important source of traditional Korean and Chinese medicines. 9-Hydroxy-6,7-dimethoxydalbergiquinol (HDDQ), a compound isolated from D. odorifera, has various biological activities. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of HDDQ in modulating the regulation of anti-inflammatory activity through the upregulation of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in BV2 microglia. HDDQ inhibited the protein expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), iNOS-derived nitric oxide (NO), and the production of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and COX-2-derived prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse BV2 microglia. HDDQ also reduced tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) production, and suppressed the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α and the nuclear translocation of p65 in mouse BV2 microglia in response to LPS. Furthermore, HDDQ upregulated HO-1 expression via nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in mouse BV2 microglia. Using tin protoporphyrin (SnPP), an HO activity inhibitor, we verified that the inhibitory effects of HDDQ on the proinflammatory mediators NO, PGE2, TNF-α, and IL-1β, and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) DNA-binding activity are associated with the induction of HO-1 expression. Our data suggest that HDDQ has therapeutic potential against neurodegenerative diseases caused by neuroinflammation.
    International immunopharmacology 09/2013; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The selective inhibition of PTP1B has been widely recognized as a potential drug target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and obesity. In the course of screening for PTP1B inhibitory fungal metabolites, the organic extracts of several fungal species isolated from marine environments were found to exhibit significant inhibitory effect, and the bioassay-guided investigation of these extracts resulted in the isolation of fructigenine A (1), cyclopenol (2), echinulin (3), flavoglaucin (4), and viridicatol (5). The structures of these compounds were determined mainly by analysis of NMR and MS data. These compounds inhibited PTP1B activity with the 50% inhibitory concentration values of 10.7 µM, 30.0 µM, 29.4 µM, 13.4 µM, and 64.0 µM, respectively. Furthermore, the kinetic analysis of PTP1B inhibition by compounds 1 and 5 suggested that the compound 1 inhibited PTP1B activity in a non-competitive manner, while compound 5 inhibited PTP1B activity in a competitive manner.
    Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 06/2013; · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Saussurea pulchella (Asteraceae) is widely distributed in Korea and has been used in Korean folk medicine for the treatment of inflammation, hypertension, hepatitis, and arthritis. Pulchellamin G is an amino acid-sesquiterpene lactone conjugate isolated from S. pulchella. In the present study, we focused on the anti-inflammatory effect of pulchellamin G, which acts by inducing the expression of heme oxygenase (HO)-1. HO-1 plays important roles in cytoprotection since it has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and antiapoptotic properties. Pulchellamin G inhibited the mRNA and protein expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), iNOS-derived nitric oxide (NO), and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and COX-derived prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine peritoneal macrophages. The compound also reduced tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) production and suppressed the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α and nuclear translocation of p65 in murine peritoneal macrophages in response to LPS stimulus. The inhibitory effects of pulchellamin G on nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) translocation was impaired by co-treatment of the cells with HO activity inhibitor tin protoporphyrin (SnPP). By using SnPP, we verified that the inhibitory effects of pulchellamin G on the pro-inflammatory mediators NO, PGE2, TNF-α, and IL-1β are associated with induction of HO-1 expression. Our data suggest that pulchellamin G might have potent therapeutic effects and it should be considered in the development of treatments for various inflammatory diseases.
    European journal of pharmacology 06/2013; · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Antibiotics 05/2013; · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 6,4'-dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavanone (DMF) is a flavonoid isolated from Heartwood Dalbergia odorifera. It has been known that DMF has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. DMF, however, the efficacy of bone related diseases has not been reported. In this study, we determined DMF's efficacy on osteoclasts differentiation and function using in vitro bone marrow macrophage osteoclast differentiation culture system. DMF inhibited receptor activators of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) induced osteoclastogenesis dose dependently. In addition, DMF decreased osteoclast function through disruption of actin ring formation and consequently suppression of the pit-forming activity of mature osteoclasts. Mechanistically, DMF inhibited RANKL-induced expression of nuclear factor of activatied T-cells, cytoplasmic, calcineurin-dependent 1 (NFATc1) and c-Fos via inhibition of mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) pathway.Collectively, the inhibition of osteoclasts differentiation and function by DMF suggests that DMF can be a potential therapeutic molecule for osteoclastogenic bone diseases such osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis and periodontal diseases.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 02/2013; · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new fused tetracyclic heterocyclic compound, (4bR,10bR)-4b-hydroxy-10b,12-dihydrodibenzo[c,h][2,6]naphthyridine-5,11(4bH,6H)-dione (1), and a known compound, butyl 2-[(benzoyloxy)methyl]benzoate, spatozoate 2, were isolated from the broth culture of Serratia sp. PAMC 25557. The structure of 1 was determined by analyzing spectroscopic data. Compound 1 did not exhibit antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, or Candida albicans. In addition, up to 100 μg/ml compound 1 did not show any toxicity against Artemia salina larvae. However, compound 1 showed DPPH free radical scavenging activity (IC50 = 16.7 ± 0.34 μg/ml). This was the first report of spatozoate isolation from bacterial sources.
    Phytochemistry Letters 01/2013; 6(4):536–538. · 1.18 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

743 Citations
210.96 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2014
    • Wonkwang University
      • • College of Pharmacy
      • • Professional Graduate School of Oriental Medicine
      Riri, North Jeolla, South Korea
  • 2009–2013
    • Korea Polar Research Institute
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004–2013
    • Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology KRIBB
      • Chemical Biology Research Center
      Anzan, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2006–2012
    • Silla University
      Tsau-liang-hai, Busan, South Korea
  • 2001–2010
    • University of Iowa
      • Department of Chemistry
      Iowa City, Iowa, United States