Jong Wook Shin

Chung-Ang University Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (52)63.39 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The viability of A549 cells, a human lung carcinoma epithelial cell line, was evaluated after exposure to graphene oxide (GO) and its derivatives (dodecylamine GO (DA-GO), reduced GO (rGO), and sodium dodecyl sulfate rGO (SDS-rGO)). A decrease in the relative amounts of C — OH bonds and an increase in the number of C —C and C —N bonds in the C 1s spectra indicated that the reduction of GO to rGO and the surface functionalization of GO has taken place. The appearance of amine stretching bands, out-of-plane C —H stretching vibrations, and S =O stretching bands in the infrared spectra indicated the formation of DA-GO, rGO, and SDS-rGO, respectively. Low concentrations (3–25 μg/mL) of GO, rGO, and SDS-rGO were found to be mildly toxic, whereas DA-GO exhibited severe dose-dependent toxicity over the same concentration range. High concentrations (50–400 μg/mL) of GO and all its derivatives resulted in severe toxicity to the A549 cells. It is believed that surface functionality strongly affects the viability of A549 cells.
    Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 01/2015; 15(3). · 1.15 Impact Factor
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 02/2014; 18(2):251-2. · 2.76 Impact Factor
  • The Breast Journal 01/2014; · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Respiratory infections are well-known triggers of chronic respiratory diseases. Recently, culture-independent tools have indicated that lower airway microbiota may contribute to pathophysiologic processes associated with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the relationship between upper airway microbiota and chronic respiratory diseases remains unclear. This study was undertaken to define differences of microbiota in the oropharynx of asthma and COPD patients relative to those in healthy individuals. To account for the qualitative and quantitative diversity of the 16S rRNA gene in the oropharynx, the microbiomes of 18 asthma patients, 17 COPD patients, and 12 normal individuals were assessed using a high-throughput next-generation sequencing analysis. In the 259,572 total sequence reads, α and β diversity measurements and a generalized linear model revealed that the oropharynx microbiota are diverse, but no significant differences were observed between asthma and COPD patients. Pseudomonas spp. of Proteobacteria and Lactobacillus spp. of Firmicutes were highly abundant in asthma and COPD. By contrast, Streptococcus, Veillonella, Prevotella, and Neisseria of Bacteroidetes dominated in the healthy oropharynx. These findings are consistent with previous studies conducted in the lower airways and suggest that oropharyngeal airway microbiota are important for understanding the relationships between the various parts of the respiratory tract with regard to bacterial colonization and comprehensive assessment of asthma and COPD.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(10):e109710. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The therapeutic potential of human multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells, especially human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hASC), is promising. However, there are concerns about the safety of infusion of hASC in human. Recently, we have experienced pulmonary embolism and infarct among family members who have taken multiple infusions of intravenous autologous hASC therapy. A 41-year-old man presented with chest pain for one month. Chest CT showed multiple pulmonary artery embolism and infarct at right lung. Serum D-dimer was 0.8 μg/mL (normal; 0-0.5 μg/mL). He had received intravenous autologous adipose tissue-derived stem cell therapy for cervical herniated intervertebral disc three times (one, two, and three months prior to the visit). His parents also received the same therapy five times and their chest CT also showed multiple pulmonary embolism. These cases represent artificial pulmonary embolisms and infarct after IV injection of hASC. Follow-up chest CT showed spontaneous resolution of lesions in all three patients.
    Yonsei medical journal 09/2013; 54(5):1293-6. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Benign schwannoma is the most common neurogenic tumor in the mediastinum. Mediastinal benign schwannomas are most often asymptomatic and rarely accompanied by bloody pleural effusion. In the clinical analysis of 7 cases of pulmonary schwannomas, pleural effusion, and blood invasion were evident in 3 patients with malignant schwannoma. Herein, we report a rare case of giant, benign schwannoma presented with total collapse of right lung by massive, bloody pleural effusion.
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 08/2013; 75(2):71-4.
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    ABSTRACT: A 69-year-old female patient visited the emergency room with fever (38.3℃) and dyspnea. She had been taking prednisolone (5 mg once per day) and methotrexate (2.5 mg once per week) for rheumatoid arthritis for 2 years. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed bilateral, multifocal ground glass opacity with interlobular septal thickening. Peripheral blood leukocyte count was 6,520/mm(3) (neutrophils, 77.4%; eosinophils, 12.1%). During the night, mechanical ventilation was initiated due to the development of severe hypoxemia. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid showed a high proportion of eosinophils (49%). Her symptoms improved dramatically after commencement of intravenous methylprednisolone therapy. This is the first report of idiopathic acute eosinophilic pneumonia developing in a current user of systemic corticosteroids.
    Allergy, asthma & immunology research 07/2013; 5(4):242-4. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose : To evaluate intracranial hemodynamic stabilization patterns after carotid artery stenting (CAS) in patients having variable collateral developments before CAS. Methods : The hemodynamic and angiographic data of 62 patients (58 men; mean age 68.0±8.4 years) who underwent CAS for unilateral proximal internal carotid artery stenosis were analyzed. The patients had transcranial Doppler examinations before and at 1 and 90 days after CAS. Patients were classified according to pre-CAS mean blood flow velocity (MBFV) of the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA): low (<30 cm/s; n=17), normal (30 to 48 cm/s; n=26), or high (>48 cm/s; n=19). The collaterals from contralateral anterior and/or posterior circulations prior to CAS, the stabilization pattern of MBFV, and the pulsatility index (PI) after CAS were compared across the 3 groups. Results : The presence of collaterals was lowest in the low MBFV group (17.6% of patients) than in the normal (38.5%) or high (68.4%) MBFV groups (p=0.008). The low MBFV group exhibited an increase in MBFV and PI in the ipsilateral MCA at 1 and 90 days after CAS (p<0.05). By contrast, the high MBFV group exhibited a decrease in MBFV and no change in PI in the ipsilateral MCA up to 90 days after CAS (p<0.05). The normal MBFV group showed an increase in MBFV at post-CAS day 1 but a subsequent decrease at 90 days and an increase in PI in the ipsilateral MCA at 1 and 90 days post-CAS (p<0.05). Conclusion : The pattern of post-CAS intracranial hemodynamic stabilization differs according to the pre-CAS MBFV in the ipsilateral MCA.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 05/2013; 20(3):398-405. · 2.70 Impact Factor
  • The Cerebellum 04/2013; · 2.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have demonstrated an association of osteopenia/osteoporosis with idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Since vitamin D takes part in the regulation of calcium and phosphorus found in the body and plays an important role in maintaining proper bone structure, decreased bone mineral density in patients with BPPV may be related to decreased serum vitamin D. We measured the serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in 100 patients (63 women and 37 men, mean age ± SD = 61.8 ± 11.6) with idiopathic BPPV and compared the data with those of 192 controls (101 women and 91 men, mean age ± SD = 60.3 ± 11.3) who had lived in the same community without dizziness or imbalance during the preceding year. The selection of the controls and acquisition of clinical information were done using the data from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2008. The serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D was lower in the patients with BPPV than in the controls (mean ± SD = 14.4 ± 8.4 versus 19.1 ± 6.8 ng/ml, p = 0.001). Furthermore, patients with BPPV showed a higher prevalence of decreased serum vitamin D (<20 ng/ml, 80.0 vs. 60.1 %, p < 0.001) than the controls. Multiple logistic regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes, proteinuria, regular exercise and the existence of decreased bone mineral density demonstrated that vitamin D insufficiency (10-20 ng/ml) and deficiency (<10 ng/ml) were associated with BPPV with the odds ratios of 3.8 (95 % confidence interval = 1.51-9.38, p = 0.004) and 23.0 (95 % confidence interval = 6.88-77.05, p < 0.001). Our study demonstrated an association between idiopathic BPPV and decreased serum vitamin D. Decreased serum vitamin D may be a risk factor of BPPV.
    Journal of Neurology 10/2012; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to examine the mediational role of meaning in life on the relationship between optimism and subjective well-being in older adults. Two hundred and fifty community-dwelling subjects completed several instruments assessing the above constructs. Results from structural equation modeling indicated that optimism was positively associated with both meaning in life and subjective well-being. Furthermore, the relationship between optimism and wellbeing was partially mediated by meaning in life. Although numerous studies have found that optimism is a significant predictor of well-being, the current results indicate that it might not be a key predictor in elders. Our findings suggest that a focus on meaning in life may be a productive avenue to enhance subjective well-being in later life although stable internal resources such as optimism and pessimism impact their subjective well-being.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 09/2012; · 1.36 Impact Factor
  • Jong Wook Shin, Soo Young Kim
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the growth of TiO2 on poly((tetrahydropyran‐2‐yl N‐(2‐methacryloxyethyl) carbamate)‐co‐(methyl 4‐(3‐methacryloyloxypropoxy) cinnamate) (THP‐polymer) using thermal heating, octyl isocyanate (OIC), and glutaraldehyde. It is found that TiO2 can be grown on surfaces terminated with NH2 and O groups from aqueous solution. However, TiO2 did not deposit on CH3 terminated surfaces, due to the low surface energy of these surfaces. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis data showed that the THP functional group can be removed and the surface functional group converted to NH2 by heating the material over 180°C. OIC can then be immobilized on the surface after heating, changing the surface functional group from NH2 to CH3. As TiO2 can be deposited from solution on NH2 terminated, but not CH3 terminated surfaces, THP‐polymer can be used to switch the surface properties by thermal activation and subsequent reaction with OIC. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 06/2012; 124(6). · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular risk factors are considered to also be risk factors for dementia. Recent studies have shown that the prevalence of cognitive dysfunction is high in patients with cardiac diseases. However, few studies have investigated the influence of cardiac function on cognition and brain structural changes in dementia. The aims of this study were to determine the relationship between cardiac and cognitive function, and to characterize any structural changes in the brain that could be caused by cardiac function in patients with dementia. Dementia patients (n=93) were recruited prospectively with checking for the presence of vascular risk factors such as hypertension. Cognitive function was measured by the Mini-Mental State Examination, modified Mini-Mental State test, and Korean version of the Dementia Rating Scale. Brain magnetic resonance imaging was conducted to evaluate the cerebral white-matter changes (WMC), ventricular dilation, and cortical and hippocampal atrophy. Cardiac function was evaluated using two-dimensional echocardiography. We divided the patients into two groups according to the presence (+) or absence (-) of WMC. In the entire cohort, the size of the left atrium (LA) was positively correlated with the degree of WMC, irrespective of age (p<0.05). The LA was larger in the WMC (+) group (n=42) than in the WMC (-) group. General cognitive function was significantly lower in the WMC (+) group than in the WMC (-) group. Subjects with an enlarged LA tended to exhibit lower cognitive function and more-severe cerebral WMC. Cardiac dysfunction represented by LA enlargement could be related to cognitive decline and WMC of the brain resulting from impairment of the cerebral hemodynamic process in dementia.
    Journal of Clinical Neurology 06/2012; 8(2):123-9. · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Carbapenem-resistance is rapidly evolving among the pathogenic microbes in intensive care units (ICUs). This study aimed to determine annual trend of carbapenem-resistance in the ICU for 4 years, since the opening of a university-affiliated hospital in South Korea. From 2005 to 2008, microbial samples from consecutive 6,772 patients were screened in the ICU. Three hundred and ninety-seven patients (5.9%) and their first isolates of carbapenem-resistant pathogens were analyzed. The percentage of patients infected with carbapenem-resistant organisms increased constantly during the initial three years (2.3% in 2005, 6.2% in 2006, 7.8% in 2007), then it declined to 6.5% in 2008. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) III score at admission was 58.0±23.5, the median length of the ICU stay was 37 days, and the mortality rate was 37.5%. The sampling sites were endotracheal suction (67%), catheterized urine (17%), wound (6%) and others (10%). Bacteria with carbapenem-resistance were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (247 isolates, 62%), Acinetobacter baumannii (117 isolates, 30%), Enterobacteriaceae (12 isolates, 3%), and others (21, 5%). Of note, peak isolation of carbapenem-resistant microorganisms in medical ICU was followed by the same epidemic at surgical ICU. Taken together, carbapenem-resistant pathogens are of growing concern in the ICU.
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 04/2012; 72(4):360-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Bee stings can cause severe adverse reactions, leading to anaphylaxis, cardiovascular collapse, and death. In some cases, bee venom also induces disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). However, to our knowledge, there has been no fatal case of intravascular coagulation accompanied by anaphylaxis caused by bee sting acupuncture. Here, we report a fatal case of a 65-year-old woman with DIC, following anaphylactic shock after bee sting acupuncture. This case emphasizes that practitioners should consider anaphylaxis followed by coagulation abnormalities when a patient's vital signs are unstable after bee sting acupuncture.
    Allergy, asthma & immunology research 03/2012; 4(2):107-9. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The human rotavirus G9 strain is the fifth most common rotavirus worldwide. A human rotavirus G9P[8] strain CAU05-202 was isolated from a young child with diarrhea using a cell culture system, and its major gene sequences were determined. Phylogenetic analysis of the VP7 gene revealed that CAU05-202 clustered into genetic lineage III-d and was most closely related to G9 rotaviruses from Turkey (strain GUH13) and Sri Lanka (strain 05SLC056 and 05SLC057). VP4 and NSP4 gene analysis showed that CAU05-202 belongs to the P[8]-3 lineage and genotype B, respectively. In addition, CAU05-202 has a long RNA electropherotype, supported by VP6 gene analysis, which is clearly associated with subgroup II specificity. Analysis of the G9 rotavirus strain CAU05-202 provides information concerning the genetic relationships among global rotavirus G9 strains, suggesting that closely related G9 strains are persistent and widespread in Asian countries.
    Archives of Virology 01/2012; 157(4):753-9. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 70-yr-old woman visited our hospital for shortness of breath. Chest CT showed ground glass opacity and traction bronchiectasis at right middle, lower lobe and left lingular division. Video-assisted thoracic surgical biopsy at right lower lobe and pathologic examination revealed mixed dust pneumoconiosis. Polarized optical microscopy showed lung lesions were consisted of silica and carbon materials. She was a housewife and never been exposed to silica dusts occupationally. She has taken freshwater snails as a health-promoting food for 40 yr and ground shell powder was piled up on her backyard where she spent day-time. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy of snail shell and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy of lung lesion revealed that silica occupies important portion. Herein, we report the first known case of silicosis due to chronic inhalation of shell powder of freshwater snail.
    Journal of Korean medical science 01/2012; 27(1):93-5. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lactococcus garvieae, the pathogenic species in the genus Lactococcus, is recognized as an emerging pathogen in fish, animals, and humans. Despite the widespread distribution and emerging clinical significance of L. garvieae, little is known about the genomic content of this microorganism. Suppression subtractive hybridization was performed to identify the genomic differences between L. garvieae and Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis, its closest phylogenetic neighbor, and the type species of the genus Lactococcus. Twenty-seven clones were specific to L. garvieae and were highly different from Lactococcus lactis in their nucleotide and protein sequences. Lactococcus garvieae primer sets were subsequently designed for two of these clones corresponding to a pyrH gene and a novel DNA signature for application in the specific detection of L. garvieae. The primer specificities were evaluated relative to three previously described 16S rRNA gene-targeted methods using 32 Lactococcus and closely related strains. Both newly designed primer sets were highly specific to L. garvieae and performed better than did the existing primers. Our findings may be useful for developing more stable and accurate tools for the discrimination of L. garvieae from other closely related species.
    FEMS Microbiology Letters 12/2011; 325(1):77-84. · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Decreased BMI has been reported that it may be associated with cognitive decline in the elderly. Weight loss is common in patients with PD. However, studies comparing cognitive changes according to BMI changes in PD have not been done yet. We performed this study to know a relationship between BMI changes and the rate of cognitive decline in PD. PD patients were recruited retrospectively. The patients (n=104) were divided into two groups according to BMI changes during initial 6 months of follow-up: decreased (n=52) vs. stable BMI groups (n=52). Cognitive functions were repeated until 36 months of follow-up using the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE) and the modified Mini-Mental State (3MS) test. We calculated the rate of cognitive decline (K-MMSE and 3MS score changes/month) and compared it between the two groups. The decreased BMI group showed lower level of cognitive function than that of stable BMI group, especially at the 36th month of follow-up (p<0.05). In addition, the rate of cognitive decline was also significantly faster in the decreased BMI group, particularly at the 36th month of follow-up (p<0.05). This study suggests that decreased BMI during initial 6 months of follow-up in PD might be a useful indicator for future risk of dementia and let clinicians predict faster rate of cognitive decline in patients with PD.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 07/2011; 55(1):70-2. · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Persistently activated JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in various human cancers including major carcinomas and hematologic tumors, and is implicated in cancer cell survival and proliferation. Therefore, inhibition of JAK/STAT3 signaling may be a clinical application in cancer therapy. Here, we report that 2-cyclohexylimino-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-benzo [1,3]oxathiol-4-one (BOT-4-one), a small molecule inhibitor of JAK/STAT3 signaling, induces apoptosis through inhibition of STAT3 activation. BOT-4-one suppressed cytokine (upd)-induced tyrosine phosphorylation and transcriptional activity of STAT92E, the sole Drosophila STAT homolog. Consequently, BOT-4-one significantly inhibited STAT3 tyrosine phosphorylation and expression of STAT3 downstream target gene SOCS3 in various human cancer cell lines, and its effect was more potent in JAK3-activated Hodgkin's lymphoma cell line than in JAK2-activated breast cancer and prostate cancer cell lines. In addition, BOT-4-one-treated Hodgkin's lymphoma cells showed decreased cell survival and proliferation by inducing apoptosis through down-regulation of STAT3 downstream target anti-apoptotic gene expression. These results suggest that BOT-4-one is a novel small molecule inhibitor of JAK3/STAT3 signaling and may have therapeutic potential in the treatment of human cancers harboring aberrant JAK3/STAT3 signaling, specifically Hodgkin's lymphoma.
    Experimental and Molecular Medicine 05/2011; 43(5):313-21. · 2.57 Impact Factor