Jae-Hyung Kim

Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (84)133.31 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: : Prevalence of left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony (LVSD) is over 40% in treatment-naive patients with hypertension and it improves after chronic antihypertensive treatment. These findings might support the hypothesis that blood pressure (BP), BP-derived parameters, central BP, or arterial stiffness would contribute to LVSD. Therefore, we aimed to investigate possible factors associated with LVSD in treatment-naive patients with hypertension. : The study groups consisted of 266 treatment-naive hypertensive patients who underwent anthropometric, clinical, laboratory, echocardiographic, arterial stiffness, central blood pressure, and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring evaluations. Echocardiographic measurement was recorded as follows: peak systolic velocity (Sa, subclinical left ventricular systolic function), peak early diastolic and late diastolic velocity at the mitral annulus (Ea and Aa, respectively), mitral E/Ea ratio (subclinical left ventricular diastolic function), standard deviation of time from ECG Q to systolic peak velocity of 12 left ventricular segments (Ts-SD12), and maximal difference between peak systolic velocities of any 2 of the 12 segments (Ts-Max). A Ts-SD12 at least 33 or Ts-Max at least 100 ms was regarded as presence of LVSD. : Patients were divided into those without LVSD (group 1, n = 151, 56.8%) and those with LVSD (group 2, n = 115, 43.2%). Group 2 had higher E/Ea and high-density lipoprotein and lower Sa and triglyceride than group 1. On multivariate analysis, Sa was independently and inversely associated with the presence of LVSD [odds ratio (OR) 0.67, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.48-0.93, P = 0.018]. The linear relationship between variables and degree of LVSD showed that serum potassium levels, E/Ea, and Sa remained significant after multivariate analysis (potassium, β = 0.199, P = 0.006; E/Ea, β = 0.211, P = 0.017; Sa, β = -0.301, P < 0.001 in Ts-SD12 and potassium, β=0.187, P = 0.010; E/Ea, β = 0.234, P = 0.008; Sa, β = -0.322, P < 0.001 in Ts-Max, respectively). : Subclinical left ventricular systolic function is independently associated with both the presence and degree of LVSD in treatment-naive hypertensive patients. Subclinical left ventricular diastolic function and serum potassium levels are independently associated with the degree of LVSD. However, arterial stiffness and BP parameters are not determinants.
    Journal of Hypertension 03/2013; 31(3):601-9. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: We evaluated prevalence and severity of angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD) according to groups by metabolically obese (MO) and/or weight status. MATERIAL/METHODS: Normal weight was defined as body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2))<25 and obesity was defined as BMI≥25. The MO was determined using the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III classification with Korean-specific cutoffs for abdominal obesity. Therefore, a total of 856 subjects were categorized as follows: (1) metabolically healthy and normal weight (MHNW); (2) metabolically obese but normal weight (MONW); (3) metabolically healthy but obese (MHO); and (4) metabolically abnormally obese (MAO). The presence of obstructive lesion≥50% of coronary artery was considered as an angiographic CAD and the Gensini scoring system was used for the severity. RESULTS: MONW or MO showed a higher prevalence of CAD than MHNW or non-MO after adjustment for age and sex, respectively (MONW, odds ratio [OR]=1.69, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.13-2.51 and MO, OR=1.44, 95% CI: 1.09-1.91). In subjects without diabetes mellitus (DM), MONW or MO showed a marginally higher prevalence of CAD (MONW, OR=1.58, 95% CI: 0.96-2.61 and MO, OR=1.41, 95% CI: 0.96-2.08). MONW was independently associated with a higher severity of angiographic CAD than MHNW after age, sex, glomerular filtration rate, smoking status, high sensitive C-reactive protein, and use of anti-platelet and anti-angina drugs (β=0.118, P=0.005). And MO was associated with a higher severity of angiographic CAD than non-MO after adjustment for age and sex (β=0.077, P=0.024). The above associations were also consistent in subjects without DM (MONW, β=0.147, P=0.003 and MO, β=0.129, P=0.005). CONCLUSIONS: MONW or MO is associated with both the prevalence and severity of angiographic CAD after adjustment for age and sex and MONW is independently associated with the severity of angiographic CAD irrespective of DM. Therefore, subjects with MO but normal weight (MONW) should be carefully examined for angiographic CAD.
    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 02/2013; · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thiazide-type diuretics are the most commonly used blood pressure (BP)-lowering drug for patients with uncomplicated hypertension. However, it has remained unclear whether hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) or chlorthalidone (CTD) shows better improvement in central aortic pressure. We conducted an open-label, randomized, prospective cross-over study with an 8-week active treatment (HCTZ of 25 mg with candesartan of 8 mg or CTD of 12.5 mg with candesartan of 8 mg) with a 4-week washout period (only candesartan during this period). Twenty-eight treatment-naïve patients of hypertension were enrolled (mean age: 50±9 years, male: 44.4%). Central aortic pressure, pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx) and other BP-derived parameters were measured. After 8 weeks of active treatment, there was no significant difference in changes of central aortic pressure between HCTZ and CTD treatments (Δ=-14±8 vs. -16±7 mm Hg, P=0.645). However, CTD treatment showed a significant reduction in PWV compared with baseline (1321±194 vs. 1439±190 cm s(-1), P=0.007) and HCTZ treatment (Δ=-118±82 vs. Δ=5±72 cm s(-1), P=0.033), whereas HCTZ treatment showed a marginal, but not a significant reduction in AIx compared with baseline. In conclusion, CTD of 12.5 mg is as potent as HCTZ of 25 mg, when combined with candesartan of 8 mg, in lowering central aortic pressure. In addition, CTD treatment resulted in a significant reduction of PWV.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 4 October 2012; doi:10.1038/hr.2012.143.
    Hypertension Research 10/2012; · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Left ventricular hypertrabeculation/noncompaction (LVHT) is an uncommon type of genetic cardiomyopathy characterized by trabeculations and recesses within the ventricular myocardium. LVHT is associated with diastolic or systolic dysfunction, thromboembolic complications, and arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation, ventricular arrhythmias, atrioventricular block and Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Herein, we describe a patient who presented with heart failure and wide-complex tachycardia. Echocardiography showed LVHT accompanied with severe mitral regurgitation. The electrophysiologic study revealed a fasciculo-ventricular accessory pathway and atrial flutter (AFL). The AFL was successfully treated with catheter ablation.
    Korean Circulation Journal 10/2012; 42(10):705-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction are closely associated with hypertension and insulin resistance (IR) in metabolic syndrome (MetS). It is still controversial whether green tea extract (GTE) may have blood pressure (BP) lowering effect. Decaffeinated GTE might be presumed to have strong antioxidative effect and BP-lowering effect as compared with catechins. Thus we investigated whether decaffeinated-GTE could attenuate hypertension and IR by improving endothelial dysfunction and reducing oxidative stress in a rat model of MetS. 20 Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats at 13 weeks old, MetS rats, were randomized into a saline treated group (OLETF; n = 10) and a group treated with decaffeinated-GTE (25 mg/kg/day) (GTE-OLETF; n = 10). Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance tests and BP measurements were performed at 13 and 25 weeks. Decaffeinated-GTE significantly reduced BP (OLETF vs. GTE-OLETF; 130 ± 7 vs. 121 ± 3 mmHg, p = 0.01), fasting/postprandial 2 h glucose (141 ± 18/159 ± 13 vs. 115 ± 7/132 ± 16 mg/dL, p = 0.009/0.002) and insulin levels (4.8 ± 2.3 vs. 2.4 ± 1.3 ng/mL, p < 0.001). Decaffeinated-GTE significantly reduced vascular reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and NADPH oxidase activity, and improved endothelium dependent relaxation in the thoracic aorta of OLETF rats. Decaffeinated-GTE also suppressed the expression of p47 and p22phox (NADPH oxidase subunits) in the immunohistochemical staining, and stimulated phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and Akt in the immunoblotting of aortas. Decaffeinated-GTE reduced the formation of ROS and NADPH oxidase activity and stimulated phosphorylation of eNOS and Akt in the aorta of a rat model of MetS, which resulted in improved endothelial dysfunction and IR, and eventually lowered BP.
    Atherosclerosis 07/2012; 224(2):377-83. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dyssynchrony is common in asymptomatic patients with hypertension. We sought to investigate the impact of antihypertensive treatment on dyssynchrony in patients with hypertension. A total of sixty patients who had uncomplicated hypertension that had never been treated (treatment-naïve hypertensive patients) underwent echocardiographic evaluations of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony at baseline and after a 6-month treatment with antihypertensive drugs. The measured parameters were as follows: (1) the s.d. of 12 LV-segment time-to-peak systolic velocities (Ts-SD12), and (2) the maximal difference between peak systolic velocities of any 2 of the 12 segments (Ts-Max). Patients with Ts-SD12 ≥ 33 ms or Ts-Max ≥ 100 ms were regarded as having LV systolic dyssynchrony. Patients with systolic dyssynchrony (group 1, n = 29) and without systolic dyssynchrony (group 2, n = 31) were compared. Among the patients in group 1, antihypertensive treatment significantly improved LV systolic dyssynchrony (ΔTs-SD12, -13.1 ms; P<0.001 and ΔTs-Max, -34.0 ms; P = 0.003), whereas it did not demonstrate additional benefit among group 2 patients. The change in LV systolic dyssynchrony was significantly associated with changes in the mean annulus E' velocity, mean annulus S' velocity and mean annulus E'/A' ratio, but not with changes in blood pressure and LV mass index. It is likely that chronic antihypertensive treatment could reverse the LV systolic dyssynchrony and simultaneously improve subclinical systolic and diastolic function in patients with hypertension and LV systolic dyssynchrony.
    Hypertension Research 03/2012; 35(6):661-6. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is associated with atherosclerosis in animals with diabetes mellitus (DM). But, no study has investigated the role of TSP-1 in human atherosclerosis. This study investigated the relationship among plasma TSP-1 concentration, DM, and coronary artery disease (CAD). The study involved 374 consecutive subjects with suspected CAD, who had undergone coronary angiography to evaluate effort angina. Patients were divided into four groups as follows: DM(-) and CAD(-), DM(-) and CAD(+), DM(+) and CAD(-), and DM (+) and CAD(+). We found that plasma TSP-1 levels were higher in patients with DM(+) and CAD(+) (n=103) than those in other patients (n=271) (p<0.01). A multivariate analysis showed that male gender {odds ratio (OR), 2.728; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.035-7.187}, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (OR, 0.925; 95% CI, 0.874-0.980), glycated hemoglobin (OR, 1.373; 95% CI, 1.037-1.817), and plasma TSP-1 (OR, 1.004; 95% CI, 1.000-1.008) levels were independently associated with the presence of CAD in patients with DM. Plasma TSP-1 levels were higher in patients with DM(+) and CAD(+) than those in other patients, and plasma TSP-1 levels were independently associated with the presence of CAD in patients with DM. These findings show a possible link between human plasma TSP-1 concentration and CAD in patients with DM.
    Korean Circulation Journal 02/2012; 42(2):100-6.
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    ABSTRACT: We described here a patient who presented with symptoms of heart failure who was found to have severe bilateral impairment of atrioventricular inflow. Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) with extensive involvement of the two atria, pericardium and myocardium is an extremely rare tumor in immunocompetent patients. We report here a case of PCL in an immunocompetent patient with involvement of both atria and the atrial septum. The tumor had a butterfly shape. We could not do surgical excision because of the massive pericardiac invasion. The diagnosis was B-cell lymphoma and this was confirmed by the pericardiac biopsy.
    Korean Circulation Journal 01/2012; 42(1):46-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Non-dippers were reported as showing different left atrial function, compared to dippers, but no study to date investigated the changes in the left atrial function according to the diurnal blood pressure pattern, using tissue Doppler and strain imaging. Forty never treated hypertensive patients between 30 and 80 years of age were enrolled in this study. Patients were classified as non-dippers when, during night time, they had a blood pressure decrease of less than 10%. Strain of the left atrium was measured during late systole, and peak strain rates of the left atrium were measured during systole, early and late diastolic periods. The left atrial expansion index, left atrial active emptying volume and left atrial active emptying fraction were all significantly increased in non-dippers. They also had increased values of mean peak left atrial strain (dippers = 21.26 ± 4.23% vs. non-dippers = 24.91 ± 5.20%, p = 0.02), strain rate during reservoir (dippers = 1.29 ± 0.23 s(-1) vs. non-dippers =1.52 ± 0.27 s(-1), p = 0.01) and contractile period (dippers = -1.38 ± 0.24 s(-1) vs. non-dippers = -1.68 ± 0.32 s(-1), p < 0.01). Strain and strain rate acquired from color Doppler tissue imaging demonstrate exaggerated reservoir and booster pump function in never-treated, non-dipper hypertensive patients. These methods are simple and sensitive for the early detection of subtle changes in the left atrial function.
    Journal of cardiovascular ultrasound 12/2011; 19(4):183-91.
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    ABSTRACT: Little evidence is available on the optimal antithrombotic therapy following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We investigated the outcomes of antithrombotic treatment strategies in AF patients who underwent PCI. Three hundred sixty-two patients (68.0% men, mean age: 68.3±7.8 years) with AF and who had undergone PCI with stent implantation between 2005 and 2007 were enrolled. The clinical, demographic and procedural characteristics were reviewed and the stroke risk factors as well as antithrombotic regimens were analyzed. THE ACCOMPANYING COMORBIDITIES WERE AS FOLLOWS: hypertension (59.4%), diabetes (37.3%) and congestive heart failure (16.6%). The average number of stroke risk factors was 1.6. At the time of discharge after PCI, warfarin was prescribed for 84 patients (23.2%). Cilostazol was used in addition to dual antiplatelet therapy in 35% of the patients who did not receive warfarin. The mean follow-up period was 615±385 days. The incidences of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), stroke and major bleeding were 11.3%, 3.6% and 4.1%, respectively. By Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, warfarin treatment was not associated with a lower risk of MACE (p=0.886), but it was associated with an increased risk of major bleeding (p=0.002). Oral anticoagulation therapy after PCI may increase hemorrhagic events in Korean AF patients.
    Korean Circulation Journal 10/2011; 41(10):578-82.
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the current study was to confirm the degrees of dyssynchrony in patients with nonleft ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and never-treated hypertension compared with normal controls or patients with LVH and never-treated hypertension. We enrolled 200 consecutive never-treated hypertensive patients and 104 age-matched and sex-matched normal controls. The following parameters were evaluated by echocardiography comprising conventional Doppler, tissue Doppler imaging, and strain imaging: global dyssynchrony; systolic dyssynchrony (longitudinal); diastolic dyssynchrony; and contractile diastolic dyssynchrony. Systolic dyssynchrony in the LVH group with hypertension was more aggravated than in normal controls (P < 0.001). In addition, global, diastolic, and contractile diastolic dyssynchrony in the LVH group with hypertension were more aggravated than in the non-LVH group with hypertension (all P < 0.001), but systolic dyssynchrony was not different between the two groups. All of the above associations remained significant after adjustment for confounding factors. Systolic synchrony was impaired in patients with non-LVH and never-treated hypertension to a similar degree in the LVH group with never-treated hypertension.
    Journal of Hypertension 09/2011; 29(11):2246-54. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate long-term clinical outcomes of overlapping heterogeneous drug-eluting stents (DES) compared with homogeneous DES. The catholic medical centre coronary intervention database is a multicentre database of percutaneous coronary intervention with DES. This database contains data on consecutive patients from eight coronary intervention centres in Korea. Overlapping homogeneous DES were used in 940 patients and overlapping heterogeneous DES in 140 patients between January 2005 and June 2010. The study enrolled patients with one-vessel disease treated with two overlapping DES in one lesion. The study end point was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI) or target lesion revascularisation (TRL). The two patient groups had similar baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics. MACE, cardiac death, MI and TRL rates, were not significantly different between the homogeneous and heterogeneous DES groups (9.9% vs 11.4%, p=0.574; 2.7% vs 3.6%, p=0.578; 1.5% vs 1.4%, p=1.000; 5.7% vs 6.4%, p=0.747, respectively). In addition, it was found that overlap with second-generation DES may be safe and effective, and the sirolimus-eluting stent (SES)+SES group had higher rate of MACE-free survival than the paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES)+PES group (p=0.014). Overlapping heterogeneous DES and overlapping homogeneous DES had similar long-term safety and efficacy outcomes.
    Heart (British Cardiac Society) 06/2011; 97(18):1501-6. · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the anatomic relationship around the left atrium (LA) and to provide clinical information to help avoid the risk of an atrio-esophageal fistula during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. The multidetector spiral computed tomography images of 77 male patients (mean age, 54 ± 9 years) with drug-refractory AF and 37 male control subjects (mean age, 50 ± 11 years) were analyzed. We measured the following variables: (1) distance between the ostia of the pulmonary veins (PVs) and the ipsilateral esophageal border, (2) presence of a pericardial fat pad around each PV, and (3) contact width/length and presence of a fat pad between the LA and the esophagus. The distance between the esophagus and the ostia of right superior PV, right inferior PV (RIPV), left superior PV, and left inferior PV (LIPV) was 27.2 ± 9.4 mm, 22.9 ± 10.3 mm, 2.7 ± 9.4 mm, and 7.1 ± 8.8 mm, respectively. A fat pad between the esophagus and the superior PV was present in more than 90% of the subjects in both groups. However, the fat pad around inferior PV was present less frequently in the patients than in the control group (p = 0.011, RIPV; p < 0.001, LIPV). The average length of the LA-esophagus contact in the patients and the control group subjects was 26.2 ± 10.4 and 18.5 ± 5.1 mm, respectively (p < 0.001). Caution should be exercised when ablating the LIPV because the esophagus is located in close proximity to the left-sided PV and most of the inferior PVs in patients with AF are not covered with fat pads.
    Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology 06/2011; 32(1):1-6. · 1.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We designed this study to evaluate the possibility that dyssynchrony might lead to false-positive myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion image (MPS) results in stable angina patients. This study included 61 patients with both clinically diagnosed stable angina and quantitative MPS results who underwent coronary angiography. The patients were divided into two groups: those who had positive MPS results and normal coronary angiography (Group I, n = 28, 64.05 ± 10.14 years, 11 males and 17 females) and those who had positive MPS results and significant coronary lesions as determined by coronary angiography (Group II, n = 33, 69.2 ± 10.4 years, 14 males and 19 females). The maximal difference in time-to-peak myocardial sustained systolic velocity among all 12 left ventricular (LV) segments (maximal difference in TS) was significantly delayed in Group I as compared with Group II (125.00 ± 46.10 vs. 87.33 ± 40.53 ms, P=0.001). The standard deviation of the time-to-peak myocardial sustained systolic velocity of all 12 LV segments (TS-SD) was also significantly different in the two groups (45.12 ± 19.25 vs. 30.10 ± 15.80 , P=0.002). Dyssynchrony may be a cause of false-positive quantitative MPS results, even if patients have narrow QRS complexes on ECG. Dyssynchrony index can increase the specificity of quantitative MPS in stable angina patients.
    European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging 06/2011; 12(6):461-6. · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adipokines have been suggested for their potential use in tracking the clinical progress in the subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS). To investigate the relationship between the serum levels of adipokines {adiponectin and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4)} and the serum level of uric acid in hypertensive (HTN) patients with MS. In this study, 38 totally untreated HTN patients were enrolled. Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure (BP) were taken in the 12 HTN patients without MS and the 26 HTN patients with MS. Fasting blood samples were collected for measurement of adiponectin, RBP4, nitric oxide (NO), glucose, creatinine, uric acid, lipid profile and insulin. The HTN with MS group had significant higher values of body mass index, waist length, serum uric acid and triglyceride levels than the HTN without MS group. Compared to the HTN without MS group, the HTN with MS group showed significantly lower adiponectin (p=0.030), NO (p=0.003) and high density lipoprotein levels (p<0.001). Serum adiponectin levels negatively correlated with insulin level (R=-0.453, p=0.026) and uric acid level (R=-0.413, p=0.036), and serum RBP4 levels positively correlated with uric acid level (R=0.527, p=0.006) in the HTN with MS group. Multiple linear regression analysis using RBP4 and adiponectin levels as the dependent variables showed that uric acid level correlated with serum RBP4 level (p=0.046) and adiponectin level (p=0.044). The HTN with MS group showed a correlation with two types of adipokines (adiponectin, RBP4) and uric acid. Adiponectin, RBP4 and uric acid may be important components associated with MS, especially when associated with hypertension.
    Korean Circulation Journal 04/2011; 41(4):198-202.
  • International Journal of Cardiology - INT J CARDIOL. 01/2011; 152.
  • Journal of the American College of Cardiology 01/2011; 57(14):E131-E131. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The long-term prognosis of patients with heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFPEF) and coexistent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has not been previously investigated. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether the long-term prognosis of HFPEF patients with COPD differs from that of heart failure patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFREF) and COPD. The secondary aim was to identify independent predictors of event-free survival in patients with HF and COPD. We investigated 184 patients with coexistent HF and COPD. Heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction was present in 98 cases (53%) and HFREF in the remaining 86 cases (47%). Mean follow-up time was 731±369 days. Cardiovascular/pulmonary hospitalization or mortality occurred in 71 patients (39%). No significant difference was observed between the two study groups in terms of event-free survival (P=0.457), but event-free survival was found to be independently associated with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class [III vs. I, hazard ratio (HR) 2.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.09-7.82], Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) stage (III vs. I, HR 3.20, 95% CI 1.33-7.68), systemic hypertension (SHT; HR 2.99, 95% CI 1.41-6.33), and pulmonary hypertension (PH; HR 4.35, 95% CI 1.95-9.68). In HF patients with coexisting COPD, cardiovascular and pulmonary event-free survival of HFPEF was found to be similar to that of HFREF over 3 years follow-up. Furthermore, severe NYHA class, severe GOLD stage, SHT, and PH were found to be independent predictors of event-free survival.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 12/2010; 12(12):1339-44. · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is an effective curative procedure for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis is a potential complication which may lead to symptoms that are often unrecognized. The aim of this study was to compare differences between ablation sites in pulmonary venous flow (PVF) measured by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTE) before and after PVI. ONE HUNDRED FIVE PATIENTS (M : F=64 : 41; mean age 56±10 years) with paroxysmal AF (n=78) or chronic, persistent AF (n=27) were enrolled. PVI strategies consisted of ostial ablation (n=75; OA group) and antral ablation using an electroanatomic mapping system (n=30; AA group). The ostial diameter was estimated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with PVF ≥110 cm/sec by TTE after PVI. No patient complained of PV stenosis-related symptoms. Changes in mean peak right PV systolic (-6.7±28.1 vs. 10.9±25.9 cm/sec, p=0.038) and diastolic (-4.1±17.0 vs. 9.9±25.9 cm/sec, p=0.021) flow velocities were lower in the AA group than in the OA group. Although the change in mean peak systolic flow velocity of the left PV before and after PVI in the AA group was significantly lower than the change in the OA group (-13.4±25.1 vs. 9.2±22.3 cm/sec, p=0.016), there was no difference in peak diastolic flow velocity. Two patients in the OA group had high PVF velocities (118 cm/sec and 133 cm/sec) on TTE, and their maximum PV stenoses measured by MRI were 62.5% and 50.0%, respectively. PV stenosis after PVI could be detected by TTE, and PVI by antral ablation using an electroanatomic mapping system might be safer and more useful for the prevention of PV stenosis.
    Korean Circulation Journal 09/2010; 40(9):442-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) was shown to be elevated in the acute phase of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to have prognostic significance in AMI patients. The aim of this study was to estimate whether the value of PTX3 could be used as a prognostic biomarker, with the global registry of acute coronary events (GRACE) risk assessment tool, in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Between July 2007 and June 2008, 137 patient subjects (mean age : 61±12 years, M : F=108 : 29) with ACS who underwent coronary intervention, but did not have a prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and/or follow-up coronary angiogram, were enrolled. We estimated the all-cause mortality or death/MI, in-hospital and to 6 months, using the GRACE risk scores and compared these estimates with serum PTX3 concentrations. The serum PTX3 concentration showed a significant increase in ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) greater than the unstable angina pectoris (UAP) group (2.4±2.1 ng/mL vs. 1.3±0.9 ng/mL, p= 0.017, respectively), but did not show a significant difference between non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and the UAP group (1.9±1.4 ng/mL vs. 1.3±0.9 ng/mL, p=0.083, respectively). The serum PTX3 concentration was closely related to death/MI in-hospital (r=0.242, p=0.015) and death/MI to 6 months (r=0.224, p=0.023), respectively. The serum PTX3 concentration was not related to all-cause mortality in-hospital (r=0.112, p=0.269) and to 6 months (r=0.132, p=0.191), respectively. Among the parameters determining the GRACE risk scores, the degree of Killip class in congestive heart failure (CHF) was independently associated with the supramedian PTX3 concentration [odds ratio: 2.229 (95% confidence interval: 1.038-4.787), p=0.040]. The serum PTX3 level provides important information for the risk stratification of CHF among the parameters determining the GRACE risk scores in subjects with ACS.
    Korean Circulation Journal 08/2010; 40(8):370-6.