Ho Yuen Cheung

National Chung Cheng University, Chia-i-hsien, Taiwan, Taiwan

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Publications (7)23.56 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bladder cancer is the ninth most common cancer in the world. Urothelial carcinoma (formerly known as transitional cell carcinoma) comprises the majority of bladder cancers. In order to decipher the genetic alteration leading to the carcinogenesis of urothelial cancer, we performed genome-wide allelotyping analysis using 384 microsatellite markers spanning 22 autosomes together with comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in 21 urothelial cancer. High frequency of allelic imbalance was observed in chromosome arm 1q (61.9%), 3p (61.9%), 4q (66.67%), 8p (57.14%), 9p (76.2%) and 9q (66.67%). Allelic imbalance with frequency above average was also observed in chromosome arm 2q, 10p, 10q, 11p, 11q, 12q, 13q, 15q, 17p and 19q. The allelic imbalance of each case and fractional allelic loss for each chromosome was associated with higher tumor grade and stage (P<0.05). We have also delineated several minimal deletion regions on chromosome 3p, 4q, 8p, 9p, 9q, 11p, 13q, 16q and 17p. By CGH analysis, common chromosomal alterations included gain of 1p, 1q, 12q, 16p, 17q and 19p as well as loss of 4q and 9p in most of the cases. Our findings may provide valuable information to locate putative oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes in the carcinogenesis of bladder cancer in this locality.
    International Journal of Oncology 05/2009; 34(4):963-70. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case series of inverted papilloma of the urinary bladder and urethra is presented, together with a review of the literature with respect to multiplicity, recurrence rate and association with transitional cell carcinoma, and a discussion on surveillance of the lesion. Cases of inverted papilloma of the lower urinary tract in a single centre were reviewed. Patient and tumour characteristics, recurrence and associated transitional cell carcinoma are reported. Twenty patients were included (18 male, two female). The mean age was 60.8 years (range 35-78 years). All had solitary tumours ranging from 3 mm to 30 mm in size. Median cystoscopic follow up was 30 months (range 2-140 months). There was no recurrence. One patient was associated with subsequent transitional cell carcinoma 44 and 76 months later. Together with the present 20 cases, review of the English literature with respect to inverted papilloma of the lower urinary tract identified a total of 322 cases reported, with a recurrence rate of 3.85%. Moreover, 1.55%, 5.90% and 1.54% were associated with previous, simultaneous and subsequent transitional cell carcinoma, respectively. Recurrence is not uncommon and risk of subsequent transitional cell carcinoma is not rare, such that non-invasive surveillance with flexible cystoscopy is recommended for inverted papilloma of the lower urinary tract.
    ANZ Journal of Surgery 05/2005; 75(4):213-7. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) with epirubicin in adjuvant therapy of superficial bladder transitional cell carcinoma, with respect to recurrence, progression and survival. Prognostic factors are also evaluated. Between October 1991 and September 1999, all patients harboring superficial bladder cancers (Ta or T1) with any of the relevant criteria (stage>a, grade>1, size>1 cm, multiple or recurrent tumors), after complete transurethral resection were randomized to receive either 81 mg Connaught strain BCG or 50 mg epirubicin. Patients with recurrences were eligible to crossover, even repeatedly, until progression. Recurrence, progression and survival were analyzed in relation to initial treatment, patient characteristics and tumor characteristics. There were 209 patients included in the study, 149 men and 60 women. The mean age was 69.9 years (range, 24-92). The BCG group consisted of 102 patients and the epirubicin group contained 107 patients. Final analysis was made at a median follow up of 23, 47 and 61 months for recurrence, progression and survival, respectively. The 10-year Kaplan-Meier estimates for recurrence-free, progression-free and disease-specific survival were 61%, 78% and 80%, respectively, for the BCG group. The corresponding figures were 32%, 74% and 92%, respectively, for the epirubicin group. Time to recurrence differed significantly between two treatment groups (P=0.0004). Multiplicity increased the risk of recurrence, while grading influenced recurrence, progression and disease specific survival. Bacillus Calmette-Guerin prolonged time to recurrence when compared with epirubicin. Grading was shown to be a universal prognostic factor for recurrence, progression and disease specific survival.
    International Journal of Urology 05/2005; 12(5):449-55. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a carcinosarcoma within a bladder diverticulum together with a review of 18 previously reported cases of intradiverticular sarcomas and carcinosarcomas with respect to their clinical features, treatments and outcomes. Frequent deaths with intra-abdominal recurrences suggest the need for total cystectomy, rather than diverticulectomy.
    International Journal of Urology 01/2005; 11(12):1136-8. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To report the recurrence, progression and survival in patients with T1G3 transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urinary bladder treated with sequential intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) and chemotherapeutic agents (doxorubicin or epirubicin) on long-term follow up. Between July 1988 and September 1999, all patients in a single center with T1G3 bladder TCC, after complete transurethral resection (TURBT), received either 81 mg of Connaught strain BCG or 50 mg of doxorubicin or epirubicin as adjuvant therapy. A conservative approach was adopted whereby those with superficial recurrences were eligible to crossover, even repeatedly, until progression to muscle invasion. Recurrence, progression and disease-specific survival were analyzed. There were 36 patients included, with 26 males and 10 females. The mean age was 71.6 years (range 53-85 years). Final analysis was made at a median follow-up of 23.5 months (range 0-125 months) for recurrence, 33 months (range 0-125 months) for progression and 45.5 months (range 3-125 months) for survival. Sixteen (44.4%) patients showed recurrence. Nine (25%) of these 16 patients progressed. Five (13.9%) of those who progressed died of TCC. The 10 year Kaplan-Meier estimates for recurrence-free survival, progression-free survival and disease-specific survival were 48, 68 and 81%, respectively. Figures with this conservative approach were comparable to those with more aggressive approaches reported in the literature. Adjuvant intravesical therapy with either BCG or a chemotherapeutic agent (doxorubicin or epirubicin) and crossover on recurrence was an effective conservative treatment for T1G3 bladder TCC.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 05/2004; 34(4):202-5. · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High frequency loss of 3p21.3 region where RASSF1A located was demonstrated in several tumors. We aimed to investigate the methylation status of RASSF1A and the frequency of LOH in 3p21.3 region in bladder cancer. Three bladder cancer cell lines, 40 cases of bladder TCC and 14 cases of paired voided urine samples were subjected to methylation analysis. By methylation specific PCR, complete methylation of promoter region of RASSF1A gene were detected in cell lines T24 and UMUC3. Demethylation treatment re-expressed RASSF1A in these 2 cell lines. Methylation of RASSF1A was also detected in 47.5% (19/40) of the TCC cases but not in 6 carcinoma in situ (CIS) or 6 normal urothelium samples. For LOH study, loss of 3p21.3 region was detected in 57.9% (11/19) of our cases. Interestingly, methylation of RASSF1A was found in 72.7% (8/11) of the cases with LOH but only in 12.5% (1/8) of the cases without LOH. Methylation of RASSF1A was detected in 50% (7/14) of voided urine samples, but not in normal control. It showed a higher sensitivity than conventional urine cytology in detecting cancer cells, especially for low grade cases. In conclusion, our results demonstrated a high frequency of RASSF1A methylation with frequent LOH in 3p21.3 region in bladder cancer. It suggested that it may be a potential tumor suppressor gene in this chromosomal region and can be silenced by promoter hypermethylation. Detection of aberrant gene methylation in routine voided urine was feasible and may provide a non-invasive and sensitive approach for cancer detection.
    International Journal of Cancer 06/2003; 104(5):611-6. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to investigate the methylation pattern in bladder cancer and assess the diagnostic potential of such epigenetic changes in urine. The methylation status of 7 genes (RARbeta, DAPK, E-cadherin, p16, p15, GSTP1, and MGMT) in 98 cases of bladder transitional cell carcinoma and 4 cases of carcinoma in situ was analyzed by methylation-specific PCR. Twenty-two cases had paired voided urine samples for analysis. In transitional cell carcinoma tumor tissues, aberrant methylation was frequently detected in RARbeta (87.8%), DAPK (58.2%), E-cadherin (63.3%), and p16 (26.5%), whereas methylation of p15 (13.3%), GSTP1 (5.1%), and MGMT (5.1%) is not common. No association between methylation status and grading or muscle invasiveness was demonstrated. In 22 paired voided urine samples of bladder cancer, methylation of DAPK, RARbeta, E-cadherin, and p16 could be detected in 45.5%, 68.2%, 59.1%, and 13.6% of the cases, respectively. The sensitivity of methylation analysis (90.9%) was higher than that of urine cytology (45.5%) for cancer detection. Methylation of RARbeta(50%), DAPK (75%), and E-cadherin (50%) was also detected in carcinoma in situ. In 7 normal urothelium samples and 17 normal urine controls, no aberrant methylation was detected except for RARbeta methylation in 3 normal urothelium samples (42.9%) and 4 normal urine samples (23.5%), respectively. Our results demonstrated a distinct methylation pattern in bladder cancer with frequent methylation of RARbeta, DAPK, E-cadherin, and p16. Detection of gene methylation in routine voided urine using selected markers appeared to be more sensitive than conventional urine cytology.
    Clinical Cancer Research 03/2002; 8(2):464-70. · 7.84 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

227 Citations
23.56 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009
    • National Chung Cheng University
      • Department of Life Science
      Chia-i-hsien, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2005
    • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
      • Department of Surgery
      Athens, Attiki, Greece
  • 2003
    • The Chinese University of Hong Kong
      • Department of Anatomical and Cellular Pathology
      Hong Kong, Hong Kong