Keiichiro Nakamura

Hiroshima City Hospital, Hirosima, Hiroshima, Japan

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Publications (41)99.96 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate prognostic values of maximum standardized lymph node (LN) uptake (SUVmax), minimum apparent LN diffusion coefficient (ADCmin), and LN short-axis length in women with cervical cancer. Retrospective review of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) of LN confined to the pelvis in 80 cervical cancer patients before undergoing radiotherapy (RT) with or without concurrent chemotherapy. Optimal cut-off values for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. We used ROC curve analyses to evaluate whether LN SUVmax, LN ADCmin and LN short-axis length predicted risk of recurrence or survival. Median DFS and OS for all patients were 18.97 and 22.28months, respectively. DFS and OS rates of patients with high LN SUVmax was significantly lower than those of patients exhibiting low LN SUVmax (P=0.003 and P=0.019). Patients with low LN ADCmin had poorer DFS and OS than those with high LN ADCmin (P=0.033 and P=0.005). DFS for patients exhibiting longer LN short-axis length was significantly lower than those of patients exhibiting shorter LN short-axis length (P=0.018). Multivariate analyses indicated that high LN SUVmax was an independent predictor for both DFS and OS (P=0.0231 and P=0.0146). LN SUVmax could be an important predictor of recurrence and survival in patients with cervical cancer confined to the pelvis.
    European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology 11/2013; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation of pretreatment and posttreatment measurements as the mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmean) by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) findings with prognostic factors in patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of primary cervical cancer. The pretreatment and posttreatment ADCmean of the primary tumor were examined for their correlations with the prognosis in 69 patients with SCC of primary cervical cancer by radiotherapy (RT) with or without concurrent chemotherapy (CCRT). The median disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) times of patients were 20.97 and 23.47 months (follow-up periods for DFS and OS: 1-72 and 1-72 months). The DFS and OS rates of patients with low pretreatment and posttreatment ADCmean of the primary tumor were also significantly worse than those of patients exhibiting high pretreatment and posttreatment ADCmean of the primary tumor (DFS; P = 0.0130 and P < 0.0001, OS; P = 0.0010 and P < 0.0001). Multivariate analyses showed that low posttreatment ADCmean of the primary tumor was an independent prognostic factor for DFS and OS (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.0001). The low posttreatment ADCmean of the primary tumor is a useful clinical prognostic biomarker for recurrence and survival in patients with cervical cancer. The low posttreatment ADCmean of the primary tumor is a useful clinical prognostic biomarker for recurrence and survival in patients with cervical cancer.
    Cancer medicine. 08/2013; 2(4):519-25.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of enoxaparin (ENO) and fondaparinux (FPX) on postoperative plasma D-dimer levels and risk factors associated with postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) in patients with gynecologic cancer. For this study, 434 patients with gynecologic cancer were recruited and a surgical treatment strategy was employed. Plasma D-dimer levels were measured prior to surgery, as well as on a schedule up to 3 weeks postoperatively and again after day 28. Patients with clinical signs and elevation of the plasma D-dimer level underwent multidetector row computed tomography. The D-dimer value was significantly lower in patients with ENO or FPX on postoperative days 3-10 compared to patients with gynecologic cancers who were not receiving ENO or FPX. The D-dimer value was significantly lower in patients with FPX compared to patients with ENO on postoperative days 5-7. The D-dimer value on postoperative day 3, the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs), advancing age and non-O blood group were independent risk factors for postoperative VTE. The D-dimer value on postoperative day 3 and the use of ESAs were independent risk factors for postoperative PTE. The postoperative D-dimer value was significantly lower in patients with gynecologic cancer who were administered ENO or FPX compared to patients were not administered either ENO or FPX. The use of ESAs and high plasma D-dimer levels on postoperative day 3 were independent risk factors for postoperative VTE and PTE.
    Molecular and clinical oncology. 07/2013; 1(4):737-744.
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    ABSTRACT: Struma ovarii is a rare neoplasm that accounts for approximately 0.3% of ovarian tumors. Due to its ultrasound morphology, which is quite similar to that of malignant ovarian carcinoma, most struma ovarii cases are open operated with laparotomy rather than laparoscopy. We present 3 cases of struma ovarii, which were diagnosed preoperatively by imaging studies and removed by laparoscopic surgery. All patients were premenopausal women between ages 31‒50. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were complex masses composed of multiple cysts and solid components with T2-hypointense regions as well as multiple T1-hyperintense cystic areas, findings that are typical for struma ovarii. A combination of plain computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET)-CT, and scintigraphy was useful for diagnosis. Laboratory examination revealed elevated serum thyroglobulin, which led to the diagnosis of struma ovarii. Laparoscopic surgeries were performed without rupturing the tumors. Although it has been difficult to differentiate between struma ovarii and malignant tumors by conventional methods, recently MRI techniques appear make it possible to diagnose struma ovarii preoperatively from the abovementioned imaging characteristic, together with laboratory data. As for treatment, we think laparoscopy could be successful for struma ovarii, but the surgeon must be careful not to rupture the tumor intra-abdominally in order to prevent dissemination, which could lead to malignancy.
    Acta medica Okayama 06/2013; 67(3):191-195. · 0.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to determine the incidence of increased levels of D-dimer and associated factors in preoperative patients with gynecological cancer. Furthermore, we determined the incidence and risk factors associated with preoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE). Overall, 456 patients with invasive gynecological cancer scheduled to undergo surgery were recruited. Preoperative plasma D-dimer levels were measured and patients whose plasma D-dimer concentration exceeded the pre-set cut-off value underwent computed tomography scanning. The incidence of elevated D-dimer and VTE was identified as significantly higher in patients with ovarian cancer. Multivariate analysis revealed that advanced age, low hemoglobin levels and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were independent factors for preoperative elevations in plasma D-dimer levels. Advanced age was an independent risk factor for preoperative VTE. Massive ascites and the presence of co-morbidities were independent risk factors for preoperative VTE in ovarian cancer. Advanced age and stage were independent risk factors for preoperative VTE in endometrial cancer. Advanced age was an independent risk factor for preoperative VTE in cervical cancer. Plasma D-dimer levels and the incidence of preoperative VTE were higher in patients with ovarian cancer compared with those with other gynecological cancers. Advanced age, low hemoglobin levels and elevated CRP levels were significant factors associated with elevated plasma D-dimer levels and age was an independent risk factor for preoperative VTE in gynecological cancer.
    Oncology letters 01/2013; 5(1):299-304. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in plasma soluble fibrin (SF) levels over time in gynecologic cancer patients following surgery. Furthermore, we examined the duration of the coagulation stage and determined a suitable duration for which thromboprophylaxis with anticoagulant agents should be administered. We retrospectively studied 311 patients with invasive gynecologic cancer who underwent surgery at Okayama University Hospital, Japan. The plasma SF levels were measured serially prior to the operation and on postoperative days 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 21 and 28. The plasma SF levels increased rapidly, peaked on postoperative day 1 and then decreased. The SF levels of patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) were significantly different from those of VTE-negative patients on postoperative days 0-10. The SF levels on each day did not significantly differ between patients treated with chemical anticoagulants and those treated mechanically. The plasma SF levels were elevated (≥7.0 μg/ml) in 159 of the 311 patients (51.1%) on one of the days when these levels were measured. Among the patients with elevated plasma SF levels, 110 patients (69.2%) peaked on days 0-3 and only 9 patients (5.7%) peaked on days 21-28. Although only 1 of the 14 patients (7.1%) who showed peak levels on day 14 had undergone chemotherapy following surgery, 8 of the 9 patients (88.9%) whose levels peaked on days 21-28 had undergone chemotherapy following surgery (P= 0.0002). In conclusion, the plasma SF levels increased rapidly, peaked on postoperative day 1 and then decreased. These levels peaked within 14 days of surgery in most cases. Therefore, chemical thromboprophylaxis may be administered for at least up to 14 days following surgery.
    Oncology letters 11/2012; 4(5):1122-1124. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of the minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmin) derived from diffusion-weighted MR imaging and of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) derived from PET/CT imaging of the primary tumour in patients with endometrial cancer. METHODS: SUVmax reflects the highest tumour metabolism rate and ADCmin reflects the highest cellularity, and both parameters have been used for tumour grading and prediction of prognosis. The correlations between prognosis and SUVmax and ADCmin of the primary tumour were determined in 131 patients with endometrial cancer. The patients were divided into groups based on ADCmin and SUVmax cut-off values to predict recurrence and survival, which were derived from receiver operating characteristic curves. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of the groups were analysed using the Kaplan-Meier method, and differences between survival curves were evaluated using the log-rank test. RESULTS: The median DFS and OS times of all patients were 19.2 and 20.5 months (follow-up periods 1-70 months for both DFS and OS), respectively. Patients with high SUVmax had significantly lower DFS (P < 0.0001) and OS (P = 0.0092) than patients with low SUVmax. Multivariate analysis showed that high SUVmax was an independent prognostic factor for both DFS (P = 0.0161) and OS (P = 0.0232). CONCLUSION: The SUVmax of the primary tumour derived from PET/CT imaging could be an important prognostic indicator of recurrence and survival in patients with endometrial cancer.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 09/2012; · 4.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation of the max, mean and minimal apparent diffusion coefficient values (ADCmax, ADCmean, and ADCmin) on diffusion weighted imaging findings with prognostic factors in cervical cancer. METHODS: A cohort of 80 cervical cancer patients underwent pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within the 2 to 4weeks prior to radical hysterectomy. The optimal cutoff value for segregating disease free survival (DFS) was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. We used ROC curve analyses to evaluate whether preoperative ADCmax, ADCmean, ADCmin on MRI predicted the risk group of recurrence. RESULTS: Analyses of ROC curves identified an optimal The ROC curves identified an optimal ADCmax, ADCmean, and ADCmin cutoff values of 1.122×10(-3)mm(2)/s, 0.852×10(-3)mm(2)/s, 0.670×10(-3)mm(2)/s and for predicting the recurrence of cervical cancer. The patients categorized into the lower ADCmean or ADCmin groups showed the shorter disease free survivals compared with the higher ADCmean or ADCmin, respectively (P<0.0001 or P=0.0210). In particular, the ADCmean of primary cervical cancer was an independent predictive factor for disease recurrence by a multivariate analysis (P=0.0133). CONCLUSIONS: The ADCmean of primary cervical cancer calculated by MRI could be an important factor for identifying patients with a risk of disease recurrence.
    Gynecologic Oncology 08/2012; · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (Emmprin/CD147) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily. Enriched on the surface of many tumor cells, emmprin promotes tumor growth, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis. We evaluated the clinical importance of emmprin and investigated its role in endometrial cancer. METHODS: Emmprin expression was examined in uterine normal endometrium, endometrial hyperplasia and cancer specimens by immunohistochemistry. In addition, the biological functions and inhibitory effects of an emmprin knockdown were investigated in HEC-50B and KLE endometrial cancer cell lines. RESULTS: The levels of emmprin expression were significantly increased in the endometrial cancer specimens compared with the normal endometrium and endometrial hyperplasia specimens (p<0.05). The disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of patients with high emmprin expression were significantly higher than those of patients with low emmprin expression (DFS: p<0.001; OS: p<0.001). Emmprin knockdown by the siRNA led to cell proliferation, migration and invasion through TGF-beta, EGF, NF-B, VEGF, MMP-2, and MMP-9 expression, which in turn resulted in increased levels of E-cadherin and reduced levels of Vimentin and Snail in endometrial cancer. CONCLUSIONS: The present findings suggest that low emmprin expression might be a predictor of favorable prognosis in endometrial cancer patients, and that emmprin may represent a potential therapeutic target for endometrial cancer.
    BMC Cancer 05/2012; 12(1):191. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We generated novel truncated insulin-like growth factor I receptors (IGF-IRs) designated as 126/STOP, 223/STOP and 325/STOP in order to establish shorter soluble IGF-IRs than previously reported 486/STOP without abrogating the same antitumor effects. Stable transfection of 223/STOP and 325/STOP, but not 126/STOP caused inhibition of anchorage-independent growth of CaOV-3 ovarian cancer cells in vitro. This antitumor effect was reproduced when we used recombinant proteins of these constructs, suggesting a bystander effect of these shorter truncated IGF-IRs. Tumorigenesis in vivo of CaOV-3 cells tranfected with 223/STOP or 325/STOP was strictly inhibited, and inoculation of these cells in nude mice caused massive apoptosis exclusively in vivo. Phosphorylations of IGF-IR and Akt, but not Erk were attenuated in 223/STOP- or 325/STOP-transfected CaOV-3 cells, and downregulations of IGF-IR and Akt phosphorylation seemed to play at least a partial role in the anti-tumor effect of these novel truncated IGF-IRs. Since 223/STOP and 325/STOP are smaller in size than previously reported 486/STOP, and they retain the same antitumor effects, they could be good candidates for clinical application in the future.
    Cancer biology & therapy 05/2012; 13(7):559-66. · 3.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors for epithelial ovarian cancer. We found that the pretreatment values of maximum standardized uptake (SUVmax) of the primary tumor by positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), tumor marker CA125 and C-reactive protein (CRP) were correlated with clinical characteristics and prognosis for such patients. The clinical parameters and prognoses and their correlations with SUVmax of primary tumor, CA125 and CRP were examined for 51 patients with primary ovarian cancer. The SUVmax of the primary tumor had a statistically significant association with stage (p = 0.010) and histology (p = 0.001). CA125 was significant associated with stage (p = 0.011), histology (p = 0.005) and lymph node metastasis (p = 0.025). CRP was also significantly associated with stage (p = 0.049). Disease-free survival rates of patients exhibiting a high SUVmax, CA125 and CRP were significantly lower than those exhibiting a low SUVmax, CA125 and CRP levels (p = 0.008, 0.034, and 0.037, respectively). Furthermore, overall survival rates of patients exhibiting a high SUVmax were significantly lower than those exhibiting a low SUVmax (p = 0.049).The high SUVmax of primary tumor is an important factor for identifying ovarian cancer patients with a predictor for poor prognosis.
    Acta medica Okayama 02/2012; 66(1):53-60. · 0.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether preoperative measurements of the minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmin) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the tumor marker CA125 are correlated with the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with endometrial cancer. The distribution of cases that scored positive for each of the biological parameters examined and the correlations with the ADCmin of the primary tumor and the serum tumor marker CA125 were examined for 111 patients with preoperative assessment of primary endometrial cancer. There were significant correlations between the ADCmin of the primary tumor and the FIGO stage (P=0.001), depth of myometrial invasion (P<0.001), cervical involvement (P=0.003), lymph node metastasis (P=0.027), ovarian metastasis (P<0.001), peritoneal cytology (P=0.027) and tumor maximum size (P<0.001). The disease-free survival (DFS) rate of patients with high serum CA125 was significantly lower than that of patients with low serum CA125 (P=0.0395). The DFS rate of patients with a low ADCmin of the primary tumor was significantly lower than that of patients with a high ADCmin of the primary tumor (P<0.001). In particular, the ADCmin of the primary tumor was an independent factor for disease recurrence in a multivariate analysis (P=0.019). The present findings indicate that a low preoperative ADCmin of the primary tumor is an important predictive factor for identifying endometrial cancer patients with a risk of disease recurrence.
    Gynecologic Oncology 02/2012; 124(2):335-9. · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to determine if measurements of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) by positron emission tomography/computed tomography and minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmin) by magnetic resonance imaging are correlated with the clinical characteristics and prognosis of primary cervical cancer. The correlations between biological parameters and prognosis and SUVmax and ADCmin of the primary tumour were determined in 66 patients with cervical cancer before radiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy. There were significant correlations between SUVmax of the primary tumour and FIGO stage (p = 0.036), tumour maximum size (p = 0.018) and pelvic lymph node metastasis (p = 0.044). The median durations of disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 16.1 and 19.2 months, respectively. The DFS and OS of patients exhibiting high SUVmax of the primary tumour were significantly lower than those of patients exhibiting low SUVmax of the primary tumour (p = 0.0171 and p = 0.0367). The OS of patients exhibiting low ADCmin of the primary tumour was significantly lower than that of patients exhibiting high ADCmin of the primary tumour (p = 0.0376). The DFS and OS of patients exhibiting high SUVmax together with low ADCmin of the primary tumour were significantly lower (p = 0.003 and p = 0.001). Multivariate analyses showed that high SUVmax together with low ADCmin of the primary tumour was an independent prognostic factor for both DFS (p = 0.0030) and OS (p = 0.0036). High SUVmax together with low ADCmin of the primary tumour is an important predictive factor for identifying patients with cervical cancer who have a poor prognosis.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 11/2011; 39(2):283-90. · 4.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate if preoperative measurements of the maximum standardized uptake valve (SUVmax) on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and tumor marker CA125 are correlated with clinical characteristics and prognosis in patients with endometrial cancer. The distribution of cases that scored positive for each of the biological parameters examined and the correlations with the SUVmax of the primary tumor and the serum tumor marker CA125 were examined for 106 patients with preoperative assessment of primary endometrial cancer. There were significant correlations between the SUVmax of the primary tumor and the FIGO stage (P=0.030), histology (P=0.025), depth of myometrial invasion (P=0.031) and tumor maximum size (P<0.001). The serum CA125 level was significantly associated with the FIGO stage (P=0.050). The disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of patients exhibiting a high SUVmax of the primary tumor were significantly lower than those of patients exhibiting a low SUVmax of the primary tumor (P=0.049, and P=0.039, respectively). Furthermore, the DFS and OS rates of patients exhibiting a high SUVmax of the primary tumor were significantly lower than those of patients exhibiting a low SUVmax of the primary tumor at advanced stages (stages III-IV) (P=0.032 and P=0.023, respectively). In particular, the SUVmax of the primary tumor was an independent prognostic factor for OS by a multivariate analysis (P=0.025). The present findings indicate that for patients with endometrial cancer, a high preoperative SUVmax of the primary tumor is an important predictive factor for identifying endometrial cancer patients with a poor prognosis.
    Gynecologic Oncology 07/2011; 123(1):82-7. · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fat accumulation in adipose tissues is a risk factor for the development of human cancers. However, there are no studies describing the fat accumulation in adipose tissue or its distribution in human endometrial cancer. We first examined fat accumulation in adipose tissues separately on CT images of 122 patients with endometrial cancer, and investigated the correlation of these findings with various histological types of endometrial cancers. Fat accumulation in adipose tissues [subcutaneous fat area (SFA) and/or visceral fat areas (VFA)] was strongly correlated with the group of obesity-related biological parameters (weight, body mass index (BMI), waist and body surface area (BSA)) in endometrial cancer. The incidence of type I endometrial cancer was more closely correlated with an increase in obesity-related parameters such as weight (p=0.011), BMI (p=0.006), waist circumference (p=0.038), BSA (p=0.016), SFA (p=0.005), total fat area (TFA) (p=0.006) and total cholesterol (T.Cho) (P=0.010) than type II endometrial cancer. In particular, the SFA was most strongly correlated with obesity-related biological parameters of type I endometrial cancer. The present findings indicate that type I endometrial cancer has a statistically significant increase in obesity-related biological parameters than type II endometrial cancer. We propose that the subcutaneous fat accumulation in adipose tissue is a strong risk factor for developing type I endometrial cancer.
    Oncology Reports 07/2011; 26(1):65-71. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to determine possible factors associated with parametrial spread in patients with stage IB1 cervical cancer and define parameters associated with a low risk for parametrial spread, in order to identify candidates for less radical surgery. We retrospectively reviewed 200 patients with stage IB1 cervical cancer who had undergone radical hysterectomy (class III) and pelvic lymphadenectomy. Overall, 20 (10.0%) of the 200 patients revealed parametrial spread, of which 11 (55%) had only direct microscopic extension of the disease, 3 (15%) had only disease spread to parametrial lymph nodes, 1 (5%) had both direct microscopic extension and disease spread to parametrial lymph nodes, and 5 (25%) had only tumor emboli within the lymph vascular channels in the parametrial tissue. Elderly age, depth of invasion, tumor size, lymph vascular space invasion (LVSI), positive pelvic nodes, and ovarian metastasis were significantly associated with parametrial involvement. The multivariate analysis model included factors that could be determined by a cone biopsy and showed LVSI, deep stromal invasion, and elderly age to be the independent predictors of parametrial involvement. Ninety-one patients had a depth of invasion of ≤10 mm and no LVSI, of which only 1 (1.1%) had parametrial involvement. When patients aged ≤50 years were further stratified into those with a depth of invasion of ≤10 mm and no LVSI, parametrial involvement was found to be 0.0% (0/68). Patients with a tumor depth of invasion of ≤10 mm, no LVSI, and aged ≤50 years, could be considered for less radical surgery such as modified radical hysterectomy or simple hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy.
    Gynecologic Oncology 06/2011; 122(3):491-4. · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitors (HAI-1 and HAI-2) are Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitors that have a broad inhibitory spectrum against serine proteases. This is the first study to investigate the role of HAI-1 and HAI-2 in endometrial cancer. We investigated the biological functions of HAI-1 and HAI-2 using KLE and HEC-251 endometrial cancer cell lines, thus HAI-1 and HAI-2 were examined in uterine normal endometrium, endometrial hyperplasia and cancer specimens by immunohistochemistry. HAI-1 and HAI-2 showed potential inhibitory effects on cell proliferation, migration and cellular invasion by reduction of matriptase and hepsin expression. This in turn led to an increase in the levels of E-cadherin and Slug, and a reduction in the levels of Vimentin, SIP1, Snail and Twist, and hence ER and PR signal transduction in endometrial cancer cells. The levels of HAI-1 and HAI-2 expression were significantly decreased in endometrial cancer specimens relative to the corresponding normal endometrium specimens. Low HAI-1 and HAI-2 expression was a significant predictor for a poor prognosis compared with high HAI-1 and HAI-2 expression. These findings indicate that HAI-1 and HAI-2 could be considered as therapeutic targets and used as favorable prognosis markers for endometrial cancer.
    International Journal of Cancer 06/2011; 128(11):2613-24. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Use of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and serum squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) antigen (SCC-ag) as predictors for poor prognosis of pretreatment of primary SCC of cervix. The distribution of cases that scored positive for each of the biological parameters examined was correlated with maximum SUV (SUVmax) of PET/CT and serum SCC-ag for 52 participants prior to radiotherapy (RT) with or without concurrent chemotherapy (CCRT) with pretreatment of primary SCC of cervix. There were significant correlations between the SUVmax of the primary tumor and tumor maximum size (P=0.027), and the lymph node metastasis (P=0.039). The serum SCC-ag had a statistically significant association with the clinicopathological parameters such as FIGO stage (P=0.045) and tumor maximum size (P=0.008), although there was no correlation noted between the SUVmax of the primary tumor and the serum SCC-ag (R=0.155). The high SUVmax of the primary tumor (≥ 15.6) plus lymph node metastasis (a short-axis diameter of over 10mm with a SUVmax ≥ 3.5) were significant predictors for poor prognosis when compared with the low SUVmax of the primary tumor (<15.6) or the high SUVmax of the primary tumor plus negative lymph node metastasis (a short-axis diameter of under 10mm or SUVmax <3.5) (overall survival rate; P=0.0211). The present findings indicate that the high SUVmax of the primary tumor plus lymph node metastasis with pretreatment of primary SCC of cervix may be associated with a poor prognosis.
    Gynecologic Oncology 10/2010; 119(1):81-6. · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although anthracyclines are considered as being among the most potent chemotherapeutic agents for endometrial carcinoma, the majority of institutions in Japan prefer a combination of paclitaxel and carboplatin (TC) for treating this disease. We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and feasibility of combined paclitaxel, pirarubicin, and carboplatin (TPC) therapy for endometrial carcinoma. Thirty-nine patients with high/intermediate postoperative recurrence risks or with advanced disease received combination chemotherapy consisting of paclitaxel (150 mg/m(2)), pirarubicin (35 mg/m(2)), and carboplatin [area under the concentration time curve (AUC = 4)] from 2001 to 2006 at Okayama University Hospital. Treatment cycles were repeated every 3 weeks, and three to nine cycles were administered according to patient risk. The 1-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 94.9% and 84.6%, respectively, and the 3-year OS and PFS rate was 81.3%. Hematologic toxicities >grade 3 were: anemia 30.8%; leukopenia 84.6%; thrombocytopenia 20.5%. Neutropenia was common, and administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was necessary in 87.9% of treatment courses. Although grade 3 or 4 neutropenia was unavoidable, we could administer TPC therapy safely and without delay with G-CSF support. Gastrointestinal and neurological toxicity were less severe and less frequent compared with TC, and no cardiac toxicity was observed. The 3-year PFS and OS rates even in high-risk patients were satisfactory, and we confirmed the feasibility of using this regimen for treating endometrial carcinoma.
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2010; 15(5):476-83. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitors (HAI-1 and HAI-2) are Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitors that have a broad inhibitory spectrum against serine proteases. This study examined the role of HAI-1 and HAI-2 in uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS) patients, and in vitro. HAI-1 and HAI-2 was examined in uterine normal smooth muscle, leiomyoma and LMS specimens using immunohistochemistry. We investigated biological functions and inhibitory effects of HAI-1 and HAI-2 using uterine LMS cell line SK-LMS-1 and SKN. The expression levels of HAI-1 and HAI-2 were significantly decreased in uterine LMS specimens relative to corresponding uterine normal smooth muscle and leiomyoma specimens. Furthermore, the low HAI-1 and HAI-2 expression was a significant predictor for poor prognosis when compared with high HAI-1 and HAI-2 expression (disease-free survival rate; p=0.024 and p=0.045, overall survival rate; p=0.043 and p=0.009). HAI-1 and HAI-2 showed potential inhibitory effects that mediated cell proliferation, migration and cellular invasion which led to apoptosis and necrosis through a reduction of HGFA, matriptase and hepsin expression. These findings indicate that HAI-1 and HAI-2 may be possible tumor suppressor genes for uterine LMS and thus, both could be considered therapeutic agents for the treatment of LMS.
    International Journal of Oncology 09/2010; 37(3):605-14. · 2.66 Impact Factor