Henri Roché

Institut Claudius Regaud, Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France

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Publications (70)494.56 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer with ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1), a novel antibody-drug conjugate, has resulted in both improved progression-free and overall survival. Recognition and treatment of diverse adverse events related to T-DM1 is critical for safety and tolerability. The most frequent adverse events with T-DM1 include fatigue, diarrhea, anemia, elevated transaminases, and mild-to-moderate hemorrhagic events, which are thought to be related to induced thrombocytopenia. Here, we present five case series of cutaneous and mucosal telangiectasias, definitely related to T-DM1. The development of telangiectasias represents a newly recognized adverse effect of T-DM1. We provide description and timing of the telangiectasias and review the mechanisms that may explain the formation of these vascular lesions in association with T-DM1. Further, we describe associated bleeding events and propose that induced telangiectasias could represent an additional cause of T-DM1-associated hemorrhage.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 06/2014; · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Despite high initial sensitivity to chemotherapy, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is associated with a poor prognosis, highlighting the need for novel therapeutic strategies. The aim of this multicenter, randomized, open-label phase II trial was to assess the efficacy of ixabepilone as monotherapy, and the combination of ixabepilone plus cetuximab, as first-line treatment in patients with TN locally advanced non-resectable and/or metastatic breast cancer. Patients and Methods Women were randomly assigned to receive either ixabepilone (40 mg/m2) every 21 days (n = 40), or ixabepilone (40 mg/m2) every 21 days plus cetuximab (400 mg/m2 loading dose, followed by 250 mg/m2) once weekly (n = 39). The primary endpoint of the trial was to estimate the response rates of ixabepilone monotherapy and ixabepilone plus cetuximab combination therapy. Results Of 79 randomized patients, 77 were treated. Based on an intent-to-treat analysis, an objective response rate of 30% (95% confidence interval [CI], 16.6, 46.5) was observed in the monotherapy arm, and 35.9% (95% CI, 21.2, 52.8) in the combination arm. Median progression-free survival was 4.1 months in both treatment groups. Safety findings were consistent with the known individual toxicity profiles of ixabepilone and cetuximab. Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders were more common with combination therapy, as were discontinuations due to adverse events. Conclusion Ixabepilone monotherapy and the ixabepilone and cetuximab combination demonstrated similar levels of clinical activity in first-line treatment of advanced TNBC, with a predictable safety profile. Further investigation of novel therapies for TNBC is required in order to improve patient outcomes.
    Clinical Breast Cancer 01/2014; · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the association between baseline body mass index (BMI), and disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in a large French early-stage breast cancer population included in the UNICANCER Programme d'Action Concerté Sein-01 (PACS01) and PACS04 phase III randomised trials. After a median follow-up of 5.9years, this report analyses 4996 patients with node-positive breast cancer, and randomly assigned to adjuvant anthracycline-based chemotherapy combined or not with taxanes. Univariate analyses were used to study the effects of well known prognostic factors and BMI on DFS and OS. BMI was obtained at baseline, before chemotherapy initiation, and obesity was defined as a BMI⩾30kg/m(2). Cox proportional hazards regression models were secondly used to assess the influence of BMI after adjusting for other factors. Exhaustive analysis of the dose intensity delivered was also studied for comparison between obese and non-obese patients. Obese patients initially present with more advanced disease at diagnosis compared to non-obese patients. By univariate analysis, obesity was moderately associated with poorer DFS (hazard ratio (HR)=1.18 [1.01-1.39] P=0.04), but mostly with poorer OS (HR=1.38 [1.13-1.69] P=0.002). Delivered dose intensity of anthracyclines and taxanes was not significantly different between obese and non-obese patients. After adjustment for disease characteristics, BMI had no influence either on DFS or OS. This report suggests that in a French population, obesity has no impact on breast cancer prognosis when modern adjuvant chemotherapy, at the appropriate dose intensity, is delivered.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 12/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor with antiangiogenic/antiproliferative activity. A randomized phase 2b screening trial in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative advanced breast cancer demonstrated a significant improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) when sorafenib was added to capecitabine versus placebo (median 6.4 versus 4.1 months; hazard ratio = 0.58; P = 0.001). Most drug-related adverse events were Grade 1/2 in severity with the exception of Grade 3 hand-foot skin reaction/syndrome (44% versus 14%, respectively). These results suggest a role for the combination of sorafenib and capecitabine in breast cancer and supported a phase 3 confirmatory trial. Here we describe RESILIENCE - a multinational, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial - assessing the addition of sorafenib to first- or second-line capecitabine in advanced HER2-negative breast cancer.Methods/design: Eligibility criteria include >=18 years of age, <=1 prior chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease, and resistant to/failed taxane and anthracycline or no indication for further anthracycline. Prior treatment with a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor is not allowed. Patients with significant cardiovascular disease or active brain metastases are not eligible. Patients are stratified by hormone receptor status, geographic region, and prior metastatic chemotherapy status and randomized (1:1) to capecitabine (1000 mg/m2 orally twice daily (BID), days 1 to 14 of 21) in combination with sorafenib (orally BID, days 1 to 21, total dose 600 mg/day) or matching placebo. Capecitabine and sorafenib/placebo doses can be escalated to 1250 mg/m2 BID and 400 mg BID, respectively, as tolerated, or reduced to manage toxicity. Dose re-escalation after a reduction is allowed for sorafenib/placebo but not for capecitabine. This dosing algorithm was designed to mitigate dermatologic and other toxicity, in addition to detailed guidelines for prophylactic and symptomatic treatment. Radiographic assessment is every 6 weeks for 36 weeks, and every 9 weeks thereafter. The primary endpoint is PFS by blinded independent central review (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1 criteria). Secondary endpoints include overall survival, time to progression, overall response rate, duration of response, and safety. Enrollment began in November 2010 with a target of approximately 519 patients. RESILIENCE will provide definitive PFS data for the combination of sorafenib and capecitabine in advanced HER2-negative breast cancer and better characterize the benefit-to-risk profile.Trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT01234337.
    Trials 07/2013; 14(1):228. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although young age at diagnosis is an independent prognostic factor of poor survival; no specific recommendation are provided concerning the timing and modalities of follow-up for this population. These patients are followed similarly to older women during post-therapeutic surveillance. The objective of this study is to examine patterns of recurrence in a large series of positive lymph node breast cancer women aged 35 years or below and treated within adjuvant chemotherapy trials. Data of 200 patients (≤ 35 years) included in three UNICANCER adjuvant trials for node positive breast cancer were used. Competing risks methodology was used to identify prognostic factors associated with time to first failure according to type of event. After a median follow-up of 52.4 months, 84 pts had disease related events (17 loco-regional, five contralateral, and 62 distant metastasis). Variables associated with an increased rate of first event were the number of involved lymph nodes and the type of surgery. In univariate analysis, prognostic factors associated with high potential curative recurrence were number of positive lymph nodes and vascular invasion. Only number of positive lymph node remained significant in multivariate analysis. Concerning distant metastasis, only the number of lymph node involved was associated to an increased risk of metastasis. Using the number of positive nodes as important prognostic factors, it should be possible to identify patients at a higher risk of loco-regional relapse or contralateral breast cancer, in order to propose more individualized follow-up.
    Bulletin du cancer 07/2013; · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate, in the context of a prospective node-positive-breast cancer trial HER2 containing-regimen (UNICANCER-PACS 04 trial), the predictive value of HER2, FCGRIIA, and FCGRIIIA gene polymorphisms for cardiac toxicity and efficacy of trastuzumab. We analyzed HER2-I655V, FCGR2A-H131R, and FCGR3A-V158F single nucleotide polymorphisms in patients in adjuvant setting treated by six courses of either fluorouracil 500 mg/m(2), epirubicin 100 mg/m(2) and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m(2), or epirubicin 75 mg/m(2) and docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) every 3 weeks then randomly assigned, in case of HER2 overexpressing tumor, to either trastuzumab for 1 year or nothing. Left ventricular ejection fraction and clinical examination were monitored in each patient, seven times throughout the study to detect congestive heart failure or asymptomatic subclinical cardiac toxicity. All genotypes were analyzed in relation to cardiac toxicity, EFS, and OS. One hundred and thirty-two HER2-positive breast cancer patients were analyzed. The HER2-I655V genotype was significantly associated with cardiac toxicity (p = 0.025). The FCGR2A-131 H/H genotype was significantly correlated with a shorter EFS (p = 0.027). The FCGR3A-158 V/V genotype was not correlated with EFS nor OS. These results might be useful in making a treatment choice of HER2 blockers in adjuvant setting by with an increase in efficacy and decrease in toxicity.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 06/2013; · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this phase I trial, 42 women with metastatic breast cancer were treated with a fixed dose of epirubicin (75 mg/m2) and escalating doses of ixabepilone (25, 30, and 35 mg/m2). The maximum-tolerated dose of ixabepilone in combination with epirubicin was 30 mg/m2 (the recommended dose for phase II evaluation), and the dose-limiting toxicity dose was 35 mg/m2 with grade 4 neutropenia. The objectives of this phase I trial were to determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), toxicity profile, dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), pharmacokinetics, and the recommended phase II dose for ixabepilone in combination with epirubicin in women with metastatic breast cancer. Patients ≥18 years old with an histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of invasive breast cancer and clinical evidence of locally recurrent or metastatic disease were enrolled and treated with a fixed dose of epirubicin (75 mg/m(2)) and escalating doses of ixabepilone (25, 30, and 35 mg/m(2)). Forty-two women were treated at 3 different dose levels of ixabepilone: 25 (n = 6), 30 (n = 30), and 35 mg/m(2) (n = 6) in combination with 75 mg/m(2) epirubicin. The MTD of ixabepilone in combination with epirubicin 75 mg/m(2) was 30 mg/m(2), and the DLT dose was 35 mg/m(2) with grade 4 neutropenia. Grade 3/4 neutropenia was the most frequent moderate-to-severe adverse event and was manageable and reversible. No deaths were reported. Objective responses were achieved in 18 of 32 patients with measurable disease (56% [90% CI, 40%-71%]) and in 9 of 22 evaluable patients treated at the MTD (41% [90% CI, 23%-61%]). Ixabepilone clearance and the epirubicin pharmacokinetic profile were similar across ixabepilone dose levels. The combination of ixabepilone and epirubicin was clinically active. The recommended dose for evaluation in phase II is epirubicin 75 mg/m(2), followed by ixabepilone 30 mg/m(2) every 3 weeks.
    Clinical Breast Cancer 06/2012; 12(3):167-74. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of post-therapeutic follow-up for breast cancer patients (pts) is open to debate. The aim of this study was to identify prognostic factors associated with the type of first event. Data of 2,820 pts included in three adjuvant trials for node-positive breast cancer were used. Competing risk methodology was used to identify prognostic factors associated with time to first failure according to type of event. After a median follow-up of 53 months, 732 pts had disease-related events (114 locoregional, 58 contralateral, and 560 distant metastasis). The prognostic factors associated with high locoregional recurrence were young age, number of positive lymph nodes and grade III. In multivariate analysis, the type of first event influenced post-relapse survival. Nottingham Prognostic Index identified three groups of pts at different risk of relapse. Early relapse is rare in the first year after surgery and is associated with more aggressive disease. Using the Nottingham Prognostic Index, it is possible to identify pts at lower risks of relapse for whom it seems reasonable to limit the frequency of routine follow-up during the first years. For pts at higher risk of locoregional recurrence, regular follow-up should be maintained in order to detect potential curative events.
    Bulletin du cancer 05/2012; 99(6):E64-74. · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The initial report from the Programme Action Concertée Sein (PACS) PACS01 trial demonstrated a benefit at 5 years for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates with the sequential administration of docetaxel after FEC100 (fluorouracil 500 mg/m(2), epirubicin 100 mg/m(2), and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m(2)) for patients with node-positive, operable breast cancer. We evaluate here the impact of this regimen at 8 years. Between June 1997 and March 2000, a total of 1,999 patients (age <65) with localized, resectable, non-pretreated, unilateral breast cancer were randomly assigned to receive either standard FEC100 for 6 cycles or 3 cycles of FEC100 followed by 3 cycles of 100 mg/m(2) docetaxel (FEC-D), both given every 21 days. Radiotherapy was mandatory after conservative surgery and tamoxifen was given for 5 years to hormone receptor (HR)-positive patients. Five-year DFS was the trial's main endpoint. Updated 8-year survival data are presented. With a median follow-up of 92.8 months, 639 patients experienced at least one event. A total number of 383 deaths were registered. Eight-year DFS rates were 65.8% with FEC alone and 70.2% with FEC-D. OS rates at 8 years were 78% with FEC alone and 83.2% with FEC-D. Cox regression analysis adjusted for age and number of positive nodes showed a 15% reduction in the relative risk of relapse and a 25% reduction in the relative risk of death in favor of FEC-D. Significant relative risk reductions were observed in the HR-positive, HER2-positive, and Ki67 ≥20% subpopulations. Benefits for DFS and OS rates with the sequential FEC-D regimen are fully confirmed at 8 years.
    The Oncologist 05/2012; 17(7):900-9. · 4.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify the factors associated with long-term regrets expressed a posteriori by randomized controlled trial (RCT) participants questioned about their decision to participate in an RCT. Participants were questioned 6 years on average after their inclusion in a breast cancer adjuvant therapy RCT. Among 115 women from 21 centers, 93 (81%) answered a self-administered questionnaire based on the Decision Regret Scale (DRS). Mean DRS score was 16.8 (standard deviation=15.9); 43.0% of participants expressed mild regret, and 25.8% expressed moderate to strong regret. A quarter of the women (25.6%) said that the decision was taken by the doctor alone, and 13.5% said it was not consistent with their own wishes. In the multivariate ordinal regression analysis, an involuntarily passive role in decision making was found to be associated with greater regret (cumulative proportional odds ratio=7.3, 95% confidence interval=2.0-27.6), regardless of age and being allotted or not to the standard treatment in the RCT. Whether patients' regret depended on their level of participation in the decision making or vice versa could not be determined in this cross-sectional survey, but efforts should be made to ensure that patients' participation in trials is always based on an active personal decision.
    Journal of clinical epidemiology 03/2012; 65(6):635-42. · 5.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor with antiangiogenic/antiproliferative activity. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase IIB trial assessed sorafenib with capecitabine for locally advanced or metastatic human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -negative breast cancer. Patients were randomly assigned to first- or second-line capecitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) orally twice a day for days 1 to 14 of every 21-day cycle with sorafenib 400 mg orally twice a day or placebo. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). In total, 229 patients were enrolled. The addition of sorafenib to capecitabine resulted in a significant improvement in PFS versus placebo (median, 6.4 v 4.1 months; hazard ratio [HR], 0.58; 95% CI, 0.41 to 0.81; P = .001) with sorafenib favored across subgroups, including first-line (HR, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.30 to 0.82) and second-line (HR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.41 to 1.04) treatment. There was no significant improvement for overall survival (median, 22.2 v 20.9 months; HR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.61 to 1.23; P = .42) and overall response (38% v 31%; P = .25). Toxicities (sorafenib v placebo) of any grade included rash (22% v 8%), diarrhea (58% v 30%), mucosal inflammation (33% v 21%), neutropenia (13% v 4%), hypertension (18% v 12%), and hand-foot skin reaction/hand- foot syndrome (HFSR/HFS; 90% v 66%); grade 3 to 4 toxicities were comparable between treatment arms except HFSR/HFS (44% v 14%). Reasons for discontinuation in the sorafenib and placebo arms included disease progression (63% v 82%, respectively), adverse events (20% v 9%, respectively), and death (0% v 1%, respectively). Addition of sorafenib to capecitabine improved PFS in patients with HER2-negative advanced breast cancer. The dose of sorafenib used in this trial resulted in unacceptable toxicity for many patients. A phase III confirmatory trial has been initiated with a reduced sorafenib dose.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 03/2012; 30(13):1484-91. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dose-limiting neuropathy is a major adverse event associated with most of the microtubule-stabilizing agent-based chemotherapy regimens. Ixabepilone, a semisynthetic analogue of the natural epothilone B, has activity against a wide range of tumor types. Peripheral neuropathy (PN), associated with ixabepilone treatment, is usually mild to moderate, predominantly sensory and cumulative. Preclinical studies demonstrate that ixabepilone and taxanes produce a similar neurotoxicity profile. We searched databases of phase II/III clinical trials involving patients receiving ixabepilone as a monotherapy or in combination with capecitabine for incidences of neuropathy. Potential risk factors for grade 3/4 PN were identified by a Cox regression analysis on a dataset of 1,540 patients with different tumor types across multiple studies. Rates for incidence of ixabepilone-induced severe PN (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events grade 3/4) ranged from 1% in early untreated breast cancer up to 24% in heavily pretreated metastatic breast cancer; grade 4 PN was rare (≤1%). Common symptoms included numbness, paresthesias, and sometimes dysesthesias. Cox regression analysis identified only preexisting neuropathy as a risk factor for increased ixabepilone-associated PN. The management of PN has been primarily through dose adjustments (dose delays and/or dose reduction). Patients had resolution of their neuropathy within a median time of 5 to 6 weeks. PN is a dose-limiting toxicity associated with ixabepilone treatment, is reversible in most patients, and can be managed with dose reduction and delays.
    Supportive Care in Cancer 03/2012; 20(11):2661-8. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bevacizumab and trastuzumab are efficacious for treatment of advanced or HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer; however, few data exist for this regimen in inflammatory breast cancer. In our phase 2 trial, we aimed to assess efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant bevacizumab combined with trastuzumab and chemotherapy in patients with primary HER2-positive inflammatory breast cancer. In our phase 2, multicentre, open-label, single-arm, non-comparative trial, we enrolled women (aged ≥ 18 years) with histologically confirmed HER2-positive non-metastatic inflammatory breast cancer at private or public oncology centres in France. Before surgery, patients were treated with fluorouracil, epirubicin, cyclophosphamide, and bevacizumab (cycles 1-4) and docetaxel, bevacizumab, and trastuzumab (cycles 5-8) in 3-week cycles. After surgery, patients received adjuvant radiotherapy, trastuzumab, and bevacizumab. For the primary endpoint, we assessed the proportion of patients who achieved a pathological complete response (defined by central review of surgical specimens according to Sataloff classification, counting missing data as failure) and adverse events in all enrolled patients. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00717405. Between Oct 23, 2008, and Oct 28, 2009, we enrolled 52 patients at 21 centres. 42 (81%) of 52 patients received all eight cycles of neoadjuvant therapy and 49 (94%) underwent surgery. After neoadjuvant therapy, 33 of 52 patients had a pathological complete response according to central review (63·5%, 95% CI 49·4-77·5). The most common adverse events were asthenia and nausea (both occurred in 36 [69%] of 52 patients). 25 (48%) patients had grade 3-4 neutropenia, which was the most common grade 3-4 adverse event. Only one grade 3 or worse adverse event regarded as related to bevacizumab was reported (hypertension, one patient). Four patients (8%) had cardiac failure. Neoadjuvant treatment with bevacizumab, trastuzumab, and chemotherapy was efficacious and well tolerated in patients with previously untreated primary inflammatory breast cancer. Further confirmation of use of bevacizumab in inflammatory breast cancer is needed. Roche (France).
    The Lancet Oncology 02/2012; 13(4):375-84. · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The PACS01 trial has demonstrated that a docetaxel addition to adjuvant anthracycline-based chemotherapy improves disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival of node-positive early breast cancer (EBC). We searched for prognostic and predictive markers for docetaxel's benefit. Tumor samples from 1,099 recruited women were analyzed for the expression of 34 selected proteins using immunohistochemistry. The prognostic and predictive values of each marker and four molecular subtypes (luminal A, luminal B, HER2-overexpressing, and triple-negative) were tested. Progesterone receptor-negativity (HR = 0.66; 95% CI 0.47 to 0.92, P = 0.013), and Ki67-positivity (HR = 1.53; 95% CI 1.12 to 2.08, P = 0.007) were independent adverse prognostic factors. Out of the 34 proteins, only Ki67-positivity was associated with DFS improvement with docetaxel addition (adjusted HR = 0.51, 95% CI 0.33 to 0.79 for Ki67-positive versus HR = 1.10, 95% CI 0.75 to 1.61 for Ki67-negative tumors, P for interaction = 0.012). Molecular subtyping predicted the docetaxel benefit, but without providing additional information to Ki67 status. The luminal A subtype did not benefit from docetaxel (HR = 1.16, 95% CI 0.73 to 1.84); the reduction in the relapse risk was 53% (HR = 0.47, 95% CI 0.22 to 1.01), 34% (HR = 0.66, 95% CI 0.37 to 1.19), and 12% (HR = 0.88, 95% CI 0.49 to 1.57) in the luminal B, HER2-overexpressing, and triple-negative subtypes, respectively. In patients with node-positive EBC receiving adjuvant anthracycline-based chemotherapy, the most powerful predictor of docetaxel benefit is Ki67-positivity.
    Breast cancer research: BCR 11/2011; 13(6):R109. · 5.87 Impact Factor
  • Breast Cancer Research 11/2011; 13(2). · 5.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hand-foot syndrome (HFS) is a common reaction to certain chemotherapies and new targeted therapies, impairing patient quality of life (QoL). However, there is currently no specific tool to measure QoL in patients with HFS. Objective. The objective was to develop and validate a HFS-specific QoL questionnaire (HFS-14). From a list of 31 items identified from a literature review and patient interview notes, item reduction and pilot testing by cognitive debriefing resulted in a final 14-item questionnaire with excellent internal reliability. Clinical validity was assessed in 43 patients with HFS by comparing the HFS-14 score according to HFS clinical grade based on the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE), version 3.0, and by measuring its correlation with the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), Skindex-16, and short-form 12 health-related questionnaires and pain measurement. The mean HFS-14 score was significantly higher in patients with clinical grade 2 and grade 3 HFS than in those with grade 1 HFS. The higher the HFS-14 score, the greater the QoL impairment. The HFS-14 score was highly correlated with the DLQI and Skindex-16 scores. In the population of patients with severe grade 3 NCI-CTCAE HFS, the HFS-14 score was significantly higher in patients having both hands and feet severely involved than in those with severe involvement of one limb (hands or feet) with the other one less severely affected. This scale specifically developed for patients with HFS is a valid and valuable tool for measuring HFS-related QoL impairment.
    The Oncologist 09/2011; 16(10):1469-78. · 4.10 Impact Factor
  • Javier Cortes, Henri Roché
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is essentially palliative and should be based on hormone therapy or optimized chemotherapy designed to delay disease progression and maximize survival with good quality of life. Novel chemotherapeutic agents introduced in the 1990 s include the taxanes (notably docetaxel), which are among the most potent of current anticancer drugs. Current research is also focusing on molecular targeted agents including those against the HER family of transmembrane receptors and vascular endothelial growth factor. Optimal effects are obtained when these compounds are used in combination with chemotherapy, as shown in preclinical models and more recently in clinical trials. Results of a large randomized trial have demonstrated a significant survival advantage for trastuzumab plus docetaxel compared with docetaxel monotherapy. Docetaxel plus bevacizumab combinations have recently been shown to significantly improve progression-free survival and objective response rate compared with docetaxel monotherapy. Overall, docetaxel in combination with novel targeted agents in MBC appears to be highly active in patients with MBC, and such combinations represent promising treatment regimens for clinical investigation.
    Cancer Treatment Reviews 08/2011; 38(5):387-96. · 6.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adjuvant high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) with autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (AHST) for high-risk primary breast cancer has not been shown to prolong survival. Individual trials have had limited power to show overall benefit or benefits within subsets. We assembled individual patient data from 15 randomized trials that compared HDC versus control therapy without stem-cell support. Prospectively defined primary end points were relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). We compared the effect of HDC versus control by using log-rank tests and proportional hazards regression, and we adjusted for clinically relevant covariates. Subset analyses were by age, number of positive lymph nodes, tumor size, histology, hormone receptor (HmR) status, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status. Of 6,210 total patients (n = 3,118, HDC; n = 3,092 control), the median age was 46 years; 69% were premenopausal, 29% were postmenopausal, and 2% were unknown menopausal status; 49.5% were HmR positive; 33.5% were HmR negative, and 17% were unknown HmR status. The median follow-up was 6 years. After analysis was adjusted for covariates, HDC was found to prolong relapse-free survival (RFS; hazard ratio [HR], 0.87; 95% CI, 0.81 to 0.93; P < .001) but not overall survival (OS; HR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.87 to 1.02; P = .13). For OS, no covariates had statistically significant interactions with treatment effect, and no subsets evinced a significant effect of HDC. Younger patients had a significantly better RFS on HDC than did older patients. Adjuvant HDC with AHST prolonged RFS in high-risk primary breast cancer compared with control, but this did not translate into a significant OS benefit. Whether HDC benefits patients in the context of targeted therapies is unknown.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2011; 29(24):3214-23. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Elucidating how cancer cells respond to antagonists of HER receptor family members is critical to understanding mechanisms of therapeutic resistance that arise in patients. In large part, resistance to such agents appears to arise from deregulation of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mTOR pathway. mTOR-dependent phosphorylation of the translation repressor 4E-BP1 leads to its dissociation from eIF4E, thereby causing an increase in the formation of the eIF4F complex, which also comprises eIF4G and eIF4A. In this study, we show that trastuzumab, cetuximab, and erlotinib all decrease the formation of the eIF4F complex in breast, colon, and head and neck cancer cells, respectively. Ectopic expression of eIF4E restores the trastuzumab-dependent defect in eIF4F formation, renders cells resistant to the trastuzumab-mediated decrease in cell proliferation, and rescues breast cancer xenografts from inhibition by trastuzumab. In breast tumor specimens, the level of eIF4E expression is associated with the therapeutic response to a trastuzumab-based regimen. Together, our findings suggest that formation of the eIF4F complex may be a critical determinant of the response to anticancer drugs that target HER2 and epidermal growth factor receptor.
    Cancer Research 06/2011; 71(12):4068-73. · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prognosis of early beast cancer is heterogeneous. Today, no histoclinical or biological factor predictive for clinical outcome after adjuvant anthracycline-based chemotherapy (CT) has been validated and introduced in routine use. Using DNA microarrays, we searched for a gene expression signature associated with metastatic relapse after adjuvant anthracycline-based CT without taxane. We profiled a multicentric series of 595 breast cancers including 498 treated with such adjuvant CT. The identification of the prognostic signature was done using a metagene-based supervised approach in a learning set of 323 patients. The signature was then tested on an independent validation set comprising 175 similarly treated patients, 128 of them from the PACS01 prospective clinical trial. We identified a 3-metagene predictor of metastatic relapse in the learning set, and confirmed its independent prognostic impact in the validation set. In multivariate analysis, the predictor outperformed the individual current prognostic factors, as well as the Nottingham Prognostic Index-based classifier, both in the learning and the validation sets, and added independent prognostic information. Among the patients treated with adjuvant anthracycline-based CT, with a median follow-up of 68 months, the 5-year metastasis-free survival was 82% in the "good-prognosis" group and 56% in the "poor-prognosis" group. Our predictor refines the prediction of metastasis-free survival after adjuvant anthracycline-based CT and might help tailoring adjuvant CT regimens.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 06/2011; 127(2):363-73. · 4.47 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
494.56 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2014
    • Institut Claudius Regaud
      Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • 2005–2012
    • Centre Georges-François Leclerc
      Dijon, Bourgogne, France
  • 2011
    • Institut de France
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • University Hospital Vall d'Hebron
      Barcino, Catalonia, Spain
  • 2007–2010
    • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
      Houston, Texas, United States
  • 2004–2010
    • Paul Sabatier University - Toulouse III
      Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • 2009
    • University of Franche-Comté
      Becoinson, Franche-Comté, France
    • Centre Jean Perrin
      Clermont, Auvergne, France
  • 2008
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 2005–2008
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2003
    • Hannover Medical School
      Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany