Heather R Owen

University of Zurich, Zürich, ZH, Switzerland

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Publications (4)22.42 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) plays an important role in the transcriptional regulation of genes involved in immunity and cell survival. We show here in vitro and in vivo acetylation of RelA/p65 by p300 on lysine 314 and 315, two novel acetylation sites. Additionally, we confirmed the acetylation on lysine 310 shown previously. Genetic complementation of RelA/p65-/- cells with wild type and non-acetylatable mutants of RelA/p65 (K314R and K315R) revealed that neither shuttling, DNA binding nor the induction of anti-apoptotic genes by tumor necrosis factor alpha was affected by acetylation on these residues. Microarray analysis of these cells treated with TNFalpha identified specific sets of genes differently regulated by wild type or acetylation-deficient mutants of RelA/p65. Specific genes were either stimulated or repressed by the acetylation-deficient mutants when compared to RelA/p65 wild type. These results support the hypothesis that site-specific p300-mediated acetylation of RelA/p65 regulates the specificity of NF-kappaB dependent gene expression.
    Nucleic Acids Research 04/2008; 36(5):1665-80. · 8.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NF-kappaB is an inducible transcription factor activated in many different cell types by inflammatory and stress signals. The transcription of a wide variety of NF-kappaB genes is regulated by the coordinated action of transcription co-activators and co-repressors. Previously we identified Myb binding protein 1a (MYBBP1a) as an interaction partner of the transcription activation domain of RelA/p65. MYBBP1a has been shown by others to regulate various transcription factors, through largely unknown mechanisms. Here we present evidence that MYBBP1a is a novel co-repressor of NF-kappaB. MYBBP1a interacted directly with RelA/p65 and expression of MYBBP1a in cells repressed NF-kappaB dependent reporter expression but did affect neither RelA/p65 nuclear translocation nor its DNA binding activity. In vitro, MYBBP1a inhibited transcription from chromatinized templates at a step before pre-initiation complex formation. MYBBP1a was found to compete with the histone acetyl transferase co-activator, p300, for interaction with the transcription activation domain of RelA/p65. Expression levels of MYBBP1a are dependent on the cell type, and are particularly high in Jurkat T cells. These results indicate that MYBBP1a is a novel NF-kappaB co-repressor of transcription that competes with p300 and may function to regulate cell type specific genes.
    Journal of Molecular Biology 03/2007; 366(3):725-36. · 3.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) and nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) have both been demonstrated to play a pathophysiological role in a number of inflammatory disorders. We recently presented evidence that PARP-1 can act as a promoter-specific coactivator of NF-kappaB in vivo independent of its enzymatic activity. PARP-1 directly interacts with p300 and both subunits of NF-kappaB (p65 and p50) and synergistically coactivates NF-kappaB-dependent transcription. Here we show that PARP-1 is acetylated in vivo at specific lysine residues by p300/CREB-binding protein upon stimulation. Furthermore, acetylation of PARP-1 at these residues is required for the interaction of PARP-1 with p50 and synergistic coactivation of NF-kappaB by p300 and the Mediator complex in response to inflammatory stimuli. PARP-1 physically interacts with the Mediator. Interestingly, PARP-1 interacts in vivo with histone deacetylases (HDACs) 1-3 but not with HDACs 4-6 and might be deacetylated in vivo by HDACs 1-3. Thus, acetylation of PARP-1 by p300/CREB-binding protein plays an important regulatory role in NF-kappaB-dependent gene activation by enhancing its functional interaction with p300 and the Mediator complex.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 01/2006; 280(49):40450-64. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: RelA (NF-kappaB) is a transcription factor inducible by distinct stimuli in many different cell types. To find new cell type specific cofactors of NF-kappaB dependent transcription, we isolated RelA transcription activation domain binding proteins from the nuclear extracts of three different cell types. Analysis by electrophoresis and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry identified several novel putative molecular partners. Some were strongly enriched in the complex formed from the nuclear extracts of specific cell types.
    Journal of Proteome Research 01/2005; 4(4):1381-90. · 5.06 Impact Factor