Sung Zoo Kim

Chonbuk National University Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

Are you Sung Zoo Kim?

Claim your profile

Publications (84)249.4 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR- γ), a nuclear transcription factor, is a key regulator of insulin signalling, and glucose and fat metabolism. In this study, we evaluated the direct effect of PPAR- γ ligand on the secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). The isolated perfused beating atria were used and rosiglitazone (0.01, 0.3 and 1 μM) or telmisartan was perfused into atria with and without inhibitors. High frequency stimulation caused a decreased atrial contractility by 40% and an increased ANP secretion by 80%. Rosiglitazone augmented high frequency-induced ANP secretion and concentration in a dose-dependent manner. Rosiglitazone-induced ANP secretion was attenuated by the pretreatment with PPAR-γ antagonist (GW 9662), or inhibitor for phosphoinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase, wortmannin), Akt (API-2) or nitric oxide synthase (L-NAME). Telmisartan, a partial agonist of PPAR-γ with angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) blocker, also stimulated ANP secretion, which was more potent than rosiglitazone or losartan. Infusion of rosiglitazone or telmisartan in anesthetized rats tended to decrease mean arterial pressure and to increase pulse pressure without difference. A plasma ANP level was increased by telmisartan more than by rosiglitazone. In diabetic rats, an increased plasma ANP level was more prominent than sham rats. Therefore, we suggest that rosiglitazone stimulates high frequency-induced ANP secretion through the PPAR-γ receptor-PI3-kinase-Akt-eNOS pathway and telmisartan shows synergistic effect on ANP secretion.
    Peptides 01/2014; · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our previous study demonstrated that the concentration of dendroaspis natriuretic peptide (DNP) was markedly higher than that of atrial NP (ANP) in rabbit plasma, indicating that DNP has a different metabolic rate from other NPs. Therefore, the metabolic characteristics of DNP in mammals require further analysis. The stabilities of NPs were determined by incubating 125I‑labeled ANP, brain NP (BNP), C‑type NP (CNP) and DNP at 37˚C for 1, 2 and 4 h, and analyzing their profiles by reversed‑phase high‑performance liquid chromatography. 125I‑labeled ANP, BNP and CNP were quickly degraded in rat plasma, while 125I‑labeled DNP was stable for 4 h. The relative stability of the peptides following incubation in rat plasma followed the rank order of: DNP>ANP≥BNP>CNP. Organs were also examined for the degradation of DNP, including the spleen, kidney, liver, heart and lung. The physiological target organ for the degradation of DNP was observed to be the kidney. Furthermore, degradation of DNP in the kidney was attenuated by phenanthroline, a metalloproteinase inhibitor. Therefore, these results indicate that DNP has a longer stability in plasma and that it may have strong therapeutic applications in cardiac disease.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 12/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the antioxidant properties of mulberry leaves extract (MLE) and flavonoids isolated from MLE. MLE was prepared by extraction with methanol. Flavonoids were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. Oxidative hemolysis of normal human red blood cells (RBCs) was induced by the aqueous peroxyl radical [2,2'-Azobis (2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride, AAPH]. MLE contained three flavonoids in the order quercetin (QC) > kaempferol (KF) > astragalin (AG). Oxidative hemolysis of RBCs induced by AAPH was suppressed by MLE, AG, KF, and QC in a time- and dose-dependent manner. MLE and these three flavonoids prevented the depletion of cystosolic antioxidant glutathione (GSH) in RBCs. AG had the greatest protective effect against AAPH-induced oxidative hemolysis and GSH depletion in RBCs.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 03/2013; · 1.54 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the ameliorative effects and the mechanism of action of L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylate (OTC) on acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Mice were randomly divided into six groups: normal control group, APAP only treated group, APAP + 25 mg/kg OTC, APAP + 50 mg/kg OTC, APAP + 100 mg/kg OTC, and APAP + 100 mg/kg N-acetylcysteine (NAC) as a reference control group. OTC treatment significantly reduced serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels in a dose dependent manner. OTC treatment was markedly increased glutathione (GSH) production and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) activity in a dose dependent manner. The contents of malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxynonenal in liver tissues were significantly decreased by administration of OTC and the inhibitory effect of OTC was similar to that of NAC. Moreover, OTC treatment on APAP-induced hepatotoxicity significantly reduced the formation of nitrotyrosin and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling positive areas of liver tissues in a dose dependent manner. Furthermore, the activity of caspase-3 in liver tissues was reduced by administration of OTC in a dose dependent manner. The ameliorative effects of OTC on APAP-induced liver damage in mice was similar to that of NAC. These results suggest that OTC has ameliorative effects on APAP-induced hepatotoxicity in mice through anti-oxidative stress and anti-apoptotic processes.
    Molecules 01/2013; 18(3):3467-3478. · 2.43 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dendroaspis natriuretic peptide (DNP) is one of four members of the natriuretic peptide family sharing functional and structural properties. The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the physiological role of DNP on renal functions and its cellular mechanism in the rabbit kidney. DNP (5 μg/kg/min) infused intravenously increased urine volume and urinary excretion of electrolytes. These renal actions induced by DNP were more pronounced than those caused by atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). We compared profiles of (125)I-ANP and (125)I-DNP by reverse-phase HPLC during incubation in rabbit plasma at 37°C for 1, 2, and 4h. While (125)I-ANP was quickly degraded within 1h, (125)I-DNP was still stable in plasma for 4h. DNP induced the greatest cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) production in the glomeruli in a dose-dependent manner, when compared to other renal structures including cortical tubules, outer medullary tubules, and inner medullary tubules. Affinity cross-linking analysis revealed NPR-A is selective receptor for DNP in glomeruli. Forskolin, a stimulator of adenylyl cyclase, significantly decreased cGMP production in the renal glomeruli but not in the renal medulla. In summary, DNP is a more effective activator of renal functions than ANP, possibly because of the degradation resistance of DNP against the endogenous peptidases in plasma or tissues. These findings suggest that DNP plays a pivotal role as a renal regulating peptide via specific natriuretic peptide receptors with a guanylyl cyclase domain.
    Peptides 12/2011; 33(1):59-66. · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Paclitaxel (taxol) has been used for the treatment of various human tumors and is an exceedingly efficient chemotherapy agent against esophageal cancer. However, the precise molecular mechanisms of paclitaxel effects on human esophageal adenocarcinoma cells are not well understood. MTT assay and cell cycle analysis were performed to examine the mechanism of antiproliferative and cell viability effects of paclitaxel in human esophageal adenocarcinoma cancer cells. Western blotting was also used to examine the cell cycle- and apoptosis-related proteins. Paclitaxel inhibited the proliferation of SKGT4 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner with G2/M arrest. In addition, paclitaxel induced apoptosis through the activation of caspase-3 followed by PARP degradation. In conclusion, our results suggest that paclitaxel leads to mitotic cell cycle arrest following G2/M arrest and induces apoptosis via a caspase-3 pathway in SKGT4 cells.
    International Journal of Oncology 12/2011; 39(6):1587-91. · 2.66 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gallic acid (GA) is generally distributed in a variety of plants and foods, and its various biological effects have been reported. Here, we investigated the effects of GA and/or caspase inhibitors on Calu-6 and A549 lung cancer cells in relation to cell death and reactive oxygen species (ROS). The growths of Calu-6 and A549 cells were diminished with an IC(50) of approximately 30 and 150 μM GA at 24 h, respectively. GA also inhibited the growth of primary human pulmonary fibroblast (HPF) cells with an IC(50) of about 300 μM. GA induced apoptosis and/or necrosis in lung cancer cells, which was accompanied by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP, ΔΨ(m)). The percents of MMP (ΔΨ(m)) loss and death cells by GA were lower in A549 cells than in Calu-6 cells. Caspase inhibitors did not significantly rescued lung cancer cells from GA-induced cell death. GA increased ROS levels including O(2) (•-) and induced GSH depletion in both lung cancer cells. Z-VAD (pan-caspase inhibitor) did not decrease ROS levels and GSH depleted cell number in GA-treated lung cancer cells. In conclusion, GA inhibited the growth of lung cancer and normal cells. GA-induced lung cancer cell death was accompanied by ROS increase and GSH depletion.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 05/2011; 357(1-2):295-303. · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Natriuretic peptides help to maintain sodium and fluid volume homeostasis in a healthy cardio-renal environment. Since the identification of Dendroaspis natriuretic peptide (DNP) as a new member of the natriuretic peptide family, DNP has been considered as an important regulator of natriuresis and dieresis. The present study was undertaken to investigate the presence of immunoreactive Dendroaspis natriuretic peptide (DNP) and its specific receptor in rabbit. DNP was detected in heart, kidney, liver, brain, and plasma by radioimmunoassay (RIA). DNP contents of cardiac atrium and ventricle, renal cortex and medulla, liver, and brain were 1.42 ± 0.15, 1.0 6 ± 0.08, 2.55 ± 0.21, 1.81 ± 0.16, 1.36 ± 0.22, and 0.69 ± 0.15 pg/mg of wet weight, respectively. The concentration of DNP in plasma was 235.44 ± 15.44 pg/ml. By quantitative in vitro receptor autoradiography, specific ¹²⁵I-DNP binding sites were revealed in glomeruli, interlobular artery, acuate artery, vasa recta bundle, and inner medulla of the kidney with an apparent dissociation constant (K(d)) of 0.29 ± 0.05, 0.36 ± 0.03, 0.84 ± 0.19, 1.18 ± 0.23, and 10.91 ± 1.59 nM, respectively. Basal rate of 3', 5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) production by particulate guanylyl cyclase (GC) activation of glomerular membranes was basally 13.40 ± 1.70 pmol/mg protein/min. DNP caused an increment of cGMP production in similar magnitude to that caused by ANP, BNP, and urodilatin, while the production of cGMP by CNP was significantly lower than that by DNP. Our results show that plasma levels of DNP were higher when compared to other tissues. DNP produces cGMP via the NPR-A receptor subtype in the kidney, similarly to ANP and BNP, suggesting that plasma DNP could have similar functions as ANP and BNP.
    Regulatory Peptides 02/2011; 167(1):42-9. · 2.06 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effect of unripe Rubus coreanus extract on rabbit penile corpus cavernosum (PCC) was evaluated. Penises were obtained from healthy male New Zealand white rabbits (2.5-3.0 kg). The pre-contracted penis with phenylephrine (Phe, 10 μM) was treated with various concentrations of an extract of unripe R. coreanus (0.5, 1, 2, 3 and 4 mg/mL). The change in penile tension was recorded, cyclic nucleotides in the perfusate and the PCC were measured by radioimmunoassay, and the expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in the perfused PCC were measured by western blotting. The interaction between unripe R. coreanus and sildenafil was also evaluated. The PCC relaxation induced by the extracts of R. coreanus was in a concentration-dependent manner and enhanced sildenafil-induced PCC relaxation. The perfusion of penile cavernous tissue with the unripe R. coreanus extract increased cGMP and cAMP in the tissue and in the perfusate and the expression of eNOS and nNOS in the tissue. The unripe R. coreanus extract exerts a relaxing effect on penile cavernous tissue in part by activating the NO-cGMP system and it may improve erectile dysfunction (ED), which does not completely respond to sildenafil citrate.
    Phytotherapy Research 01/2011; 25(7):1046-53. · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MG132 as a proteasome inhibitor has been shown to induce apoptotic cell death through the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we evaluated the effects of MG132 on the growth of endothelial cells (ECs), especially calf pulmonary artery endothelial cells (CPAECs), in relation to cell death, ROS, and glutathione (GSH) levels. MG132 dose dependently inhibited the growth of CPAEC and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) at 24 hours. MG132 also induced apoptotic cell death in CPAEC, which were accompanied by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP; DeltaPsi(m)). MG132 increased ROS levels, including O(2)(*-) in CPAEC, but not in HUVEC. MG132 also dose dependently increased GSH-depleted cells in both ECs. N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC; a well-known antioxidant) reduced ROS levels in MG132-treated CPAEC with the slight prevention of cell death and GSH depletion. Buthionine sulfoximine (BSO; an inhibitor of GSH synthesis) increased ROS levels and decreased GSH levels in MG132-treated CPAEC without the enhancement of cell death. In conclusion, MG132 inhibited the growth of ECs, especially CPAEC. The changes of ROS and GSH levels by MG132 partially affect CPAEC death.
    Drug and Chemical Toxicology 10/2010; 33(4):403-9. · 1.29 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MG132, as a proteasome inhibitor, has been shown to induce apoptotic cell death through the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, we investigated the effects of MG132 and/or MAPK inhibitors on As4.1 juxtaglomerular cells in relation to cell growth, cell death, ROS, and glutathione (GSH) levels. MG132 inhibited the growth of As4.1 cells and induced cell death, accompanied by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP; DeltaPsi(m)) and activation of caspase-3 and -8. MG132 increased ROS levels, and GSH depleted cell numbers. The MEK inhibitor slightly reduced cell growth and caspase-3 activity in MG132-treated As4.1 cells and mildly increased MMP (DeltaPsi(m)) loss and O(2)(*-) level. However, it did not increase apoptosis and GSH depletion. The JNK inhibitor did not strongly influence cell growth, cell death, and GSH depletion by MG132, but increased caspase-3 activity, MMP (DeltaPsi(m)) loss, and O(2)(*-) level. Treatment with the p38 inhibitor magnified cell-growth inhibition and apoptosis by MG132. This agent also strongly increased caspase-8 activity, MMP (DeltaPsi(m)) loss, O(2)(*-) level, and GSH depletion. Conclusively, the p38 inhibitor strongly intensified cell death in MG132-treated As4.1 cells. The changes of GSH content by MG132 and/or MAPK inhibitors were closely related to the death of As4.1 cells.
    Drug and Chemical Toxicology 10/2010; 33(4):367-76. · 1.29 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MG132 as a proteasome inhibitor can induce apoptotic cell death through formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, the effects of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC; an antioxidant) on MG132-induced HeLa cell death in relation to ROS and glutathione (GSH) were investigated. MG132 induced cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in HeLa cells, which was accompanied by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP; Delta Psi(m)), activation of caspase-3 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage. MG132 increased ROS levels, including O(2)(*-), and GSH depleted cell numbers of HeLa cells. NAC reduced the number of annexin V-positive cells and MMP (Delta Psi(m)) loss by MG132. In addition, NAC significantly reduced the ROS level and prevented GSH depletion. In conclusion, NAC prevented MG132-induced HeLa cell death via decreasing ROS and preventing GSH depletion.
    Anticancer research 06/2010; 30(6):2107-12. · 1.71 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Propyl gallate (PG) as a synthetic antioxidant exerting a variety of effects on tissue and cell functions. We evaluated the effects of PG on the growth of endothelial cells, especially calf pulmonary artery endothelial cells (CPAEC) in relation to apoptosis. PG dose-dependently inhibited the growth of CPAEC and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) at 24 h. The susceptibility of CPAEC to PG was higher than that of HUVEC. PG induced apoptosis in CPAEC, which was accompanied by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP; DeltaPsim). The tested caspase inhibitors (pan-caspase, caspase-3, -8 or -9 inhibitor) did not rescue CPAEC from PG-induced cell death but instead slightly enhanced the cell death. PG increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in CPAEC. The caspase inhibitors did not significantly change the ROS level. Furthermore, PG increased the GSH depleted cell number and decreased GSH level in CPAEC. The tested caspase inhibitors did not significantly change the number in PG-treated CPAEC. Each caspase inhibitor differently alters GSH levels in CPAEC. In conclusion, PG inhibited the growth of endothelial cells, especially CPAEC via caspase-independent apoptosis. PG-induced CPAEC death was accompanied by ROS increase and GSH depletion.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 06/2010; 25(6):937-44. · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Leptin is a circulating adipocyte-derived hormone that influences blood pressure (BP) and metabolism. This study was designed to define the possible role of leptin in regulation of the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) system using acute and chronic experiments. Intravenous infusion of rat leptin (250 microg/kg injection plus 2 microg.kg(-1).min(-1) for 20 min) into Sprague-Dawley rats increased BP by 25 mmHg and decreased plasma level of ANP from 80.3 +/- 3.45 to 51.8 +/- 3.3 pg/ml. Reserpinization attenuated the rise in BP, but not the reduction of plasma ANP during leptin infusion. N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester prevented the effects of leptin on the reduction of ANP level. In hyperleptinemic rats that received adenovirus containing rat leptin cDNA (AdCMV-leptin), BP increased during first 2 days and then recovered to control value. Plasma concentration of ANP and expression of ANP mRNA, but not of atrial ANP, in hyperleptinemic rats were lower than in the control groups on the first and second week after administration of AdCMV-leptin. These effects were not observed by the pretreatment with N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester. No differences in renal function and ANP receptor density in the kidney were found between hyperleptinemic and control rats. Basal ANP secretion and isoproterenol-induced suppression of ANP secretion from isolated, perfused atria of hyperleptinemic rats were not different from those of other control groups. These data suggest that leptin inhibits ANP secretion indirectly through nitric oxide without changing basal or isoproterenol-induced ANP secretion.
    AJP Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 04/2010; 298(4):R1007-16. · 3.28 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MG132 as a proteasome inhibitor has been shown to induce apoptotic cell death through formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we investigated the effects of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC; a well-known antioxidant), L-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO; an inhibitor of GSH synthesis) or diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC; an inhibitor of Cu/Zn-SOD) on MG132-treated Calu-6 or A549 lung cancer cells in relation to cell growth, ROS and GSH levels. MG132 inhibited the growth of Calu-6 and A549 cells at 24 h. MG132 induced apoptosis in both cell lines, which was accompanied by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP; DeltaPsim). ROS levels including O(2)(.-) were increased in both MG132-treated lung cells. MG132 also induced GSH depletion in both lung cell types. Treatment with 10 microM BSO or 1 microM DDC affected ROS and GSH levels in MG132-treated Calu-6 cells. However, these changes did not influence cell growth and death in the cells. NAC prevented cell growth inhibition and death in MG132-treated lung cells, which was accompanied by decreased ROS, but not by decreased GSH depletion. In conclusion, the changes of ROS and GSH by MG132, NAC, BSO or DDC were partially related to cell growth and death in the lung cancer cell lines Calu-6 and A549.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 04/2010; 25(4):657-62. · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Propyl gallate (PG) as a synthetic antioxidant exerts a variety of effects on tissue and cell functions. Here, we evaluated the effects of PG on the growth of HeLa cells in relation to apoptosis and the cell cycle. PG dose-dependently inhibited the growth of HeLa cells with an IC50 of approximately 800 microM at 24 h. DNA flow cytometric analysis indicated that PG significantly induced a G1 phase arrest of the cell cycle along with an increase in the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKI) p27. In addition, PG induced apoptosis, which was accompanied by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP; DeltaPsim), activation of caspase-3 and caspase-8 and PARP cleavage. All the tested caspase inhibitors (pan-caspase, caspase-3, -8 or -9 inhibitor) significantly rescued HeLa cells from PG-induced cell death. However, none of the caspase inhibitors prevented the loss of MMP (DeltaPsim) induced by PG. In conclusion, PG inhibited the growth of HeLa cells via caspase-dependent apoptosis as well as a G1 phase arrest of the cell cycle.
    Oncology Reports 04/2010; 23(4):1153-8. · 2.30 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MG132, a proteasome inhibitor, has been shown to induce apoptotic cell death through formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we evaluated the effects of MG132 on the growth of endothelial cells, especially calf pulmonary artery endothelial cells (CPAECs). MG132 dose-dependently inhibited the growth of CPAECSs and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) at 24 hours. MG132 also induced apoptosis in both cell lines, which was accompanied by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. All the tested caspase inhibitors (pan-caspase, caspase-3, -8 and -9 inhibitor) significantly rescued CPAECs from MG132-induced cell death. MG132 increased ROS level and GSH depleted cell numbers of CPAECs. None of the caspase inhibitors reduced ROS level in MG132-treated CPAECs but did reduce apoptosis in these cells. In conclusion, MG132 inhibited the growth of endothelial cells, especially CPAECs via caspase-dependent apoptosis. MG132-induced CPAEC death was related to GSH depletion rather than a change in ROS level.
    Anticancer research 03/2010; 30(3):879-85. · 1.71 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pyrogallol (PG) as a polyphenol compound induces apoptosis in several types of cells. Here, we evaluated the effects of PG on endothelial cells (ECs), especially calf pulmonary artery endothelial cells (CPAEC) in relation to the cell growth, ROS and glutathione (GSH) levels. PG dose-dependently inhibited the growth of CPAEC and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) at 24 h. PG also induced apoptosis in CPAEC, which was accompanied by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP; DeltaPsim). PG decreased ROS level including O2*- and PG dose-dependently increased GSH depleted cell number in both EC types. N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC; a well-known antioxidant) increased ROS levels in PG-treated CPAEC with the prevention of cell death and GSH depletion. In conclusion, PG inhibited the growth of ECs, especially CPAEC via apoptosis. PG-induced EC death was related to GSH depletion rather than ROS level changes.
    Oncology Reports 01/2010; 23(1):287-92. · 2.30 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Arsenic trioxide (ATO) can regulate many biological functions such as apoptosis and differentiation. We evaluated the effects of ATO on various cell types such as cervical cancer HeLa cells, pulmonary adenocarcinoma Calu-6 and A549 cells, calf pulmonary artery endothelial cells (CPAEC), human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and human pulmonary fibroblast (HPF) cells in relation to cell growth, cell death and reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione (GSH) levels. The growth of HeLa and Calu-6 cells was inhibited by ATO with an IC50 of approximately 15 microM at 24 h. A549 cell growth was not inhibited by 15 microM ATO. The susceptibility to ATO in CPAEC and HUVEC was similar to that in HeLa cells. The IC50 of ATO in HPF cells was approximately 40 microM. ATO induced apoptosis in HeLa, CPAEC and HUVEC, which was accompanied by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim). However, ATO did not strongly trigger apoptosis in Calu-6, A549 and HPF cells. ATO increased or decreased the ROS level including O2.- and GSH levels depending on the incubation dose and cell type. In conclusion, ATO differentially affected cell growth inhibition and death depending on the incubation dose and cell type. The changes in ROS and GSH levels by ATO were not tightly correlated with the level of cell death. Our present data provide useful information for the action of ATO in various cell types in relation to cell growth, cell death, ROS and GSH levels.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 01/2010; 25(1):121-8. · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gallic acid (GA) is widely distributed in various plants and foods and has various biological effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK, JNK or p38) inhibitors on GA-induced Calu-6 lung cancer cell death in relation to reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione (GSH) levels. GA inhibited the growth of Calu-6 cells and induced apoptosis and/or necrosis accompanied by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP; Δψm). ROS levels and the number of GSH-depleted cells were observed to be increased at 24 h. MEK inhibitor suppressed cell growth inhibition, death, MMP (Δψm) loss and GSH depletion induced by GA, but failed to suppress the increase in ROS levels. JNK inhibitor also somewhat suppressed cell growth inhibition, MMP (Δψm) loss and GSH depletion induced by GA, and limited the increase in ROS levels. By contrast, p38 inhibitor mildly enhanced GA-induced cell growth inhibition, MMP (Δψm) loss and the increase in ROS levels. In conclusion, MEK inhibitor suppressed GA-induced cell growth inhibition and death in Calu-6 cells. This was related to the prevention of GSH depletion.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 01/2010; 3(3):519-25. · 1.17 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

779 Citations
249.40 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2014
    • Chonbuk National University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Chonnam National University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Gwangju, Gwangju, South Korea
  • 2003–2013
    • Chonbuk National University
      • • School of Medicine
      • • College of Agricultural Life Science
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009
    • Yanbian University
      Yang-chi-t'eng, Jilin Sheng, China
  • 1992–2002
    • Jeonju National University of Education
      Tsiuentcheou, North Jeolla, South Korea