Myoung Kuk Jang

Hallym University Medical Center, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (59)249.68 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Up-to-date imaging modalities such as three-dimensional dynamic contrast-enhanced CT (3D CT) and MRI may contribute to detection of hypervascular nodules in the liver. Nevertheless, distinguishing a malignancy such as hepatocellular carcinoma from benign hypervascular hyperplastic nodules (HHN) based on the radiological findings is sometimes difficult. Multiple incidental liver masses were detected via abdominal ultrasonography (US) in a 65-year-old male patient. He had no history of alcohol intake and no remarkable past medical history or relevant family history, and his physical examination results and laboratory findings were normal. 3D CT and MRI showed numerous enhanced nodules with hypervascularity during the arterial phase. After US guided liver biopsy, the pathological diagnosis was HHN. To date, several cases of HHN have been reported in patients with chronic alcoholic liver disease or cirrhosis. Herein, we report on a case of HHN in a patient with no history of alcoholic liver disease or cirrhosis.
    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 05/2015; 65(5):321-5. DOI:10.4166/kjg.2015.65.5.321
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    ABSTRACT: To identify the factors that differentiate acute hepatitis B (AHB) from chronic hepatitis B with acute exacerbation (CHB-AE). From 2004 to 2013, a total of 82 patients (male n = 52, 63.4%; female n = 30, 36.6%) with clinical features of acute hepatitis with immunoglobulin M antibodies to the hepatitis B core antigen (IgM anti-HBc) were retrospectively enrolled and divided into two groups; AHB (n = 53) and CHB-AE (n = 29). The AHB group was defined as patients without a history of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection before the episode and with loss of hepatitis B surface antigen within 6 mo after onset of acute hepatitis. Biochemical and virological profiles and the sample/cutoff (S/CO) ratio of IgM anti-HBc were compared to determine the differential diagnostic factors. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that, the S/CO ratio of IgM anti-HBc and HBV DNA levels were meaningful factors. The S/CO ratio of IgM anti-HBc was significantly higher in the AHB group, while the HBV DNA level was significantly higher in the CHB-AE group. The optimal cutoff values of IgM anti-HBc and HBV DNA levels for differentiating the two conditions were 8 S/CO ratio and 5.5 log10 IU/mL, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity were 96.2% and 89.7% for the S/CO ratio of IgM anti-HBc and 81.1% and 72.4% for HBV DNA levels, respectively. The area under receiver operating characteristic curves of both the S/CO ratio of IgM anti-HBc and HBV DNA levels were not significantly different (0.933 vs 0.844, P = 0.105). When combining IgM anti-HBc and HBV DNA, the diagnostic power significantly improved compared to HBV DNA alone (P = 0.0056). The combination of these factors yielded a sensitivity and specificity of 98.1% and 86.2%, respectively. The combination of the S/CO ratio of IgM anti-HBc and HBV DNA levels was a useful tool for differentiating AHB from CHB-AE in patients with positive IgM anti-HBc.
    04/2015; 21(13):3953-9. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v21.i13.3953
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the cutoff values and to compare the diagnostic role of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and prothrombin induced by vitamin K absence-II (PIVKA-II) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). A total of 1255 patients with CHB, including 157 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 879 with non-cirrhotic CHB and 219 with cirrhosis without HCC, were retrospectively enrolled. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curves of PIVKA-II, AFP and their combination were calculated and compared. The optimal cutoff values for PIVKA-II and AFP were 40 mAU/mL and 10 ng/mL, respectively, for the differentiation of HCC from nonmalignant CHB. The sensitivity and specificity were 73.9% and 89.7%, respectively, for PIVKA-II and 67.5% and 90.3% for AFP, respectively. The AUROC curves of both PIVKA-II and AFP were not significantly different (0.854 vs 0.853, P = 0.965) for the differentiation of HCC from nonmalignant CHB, whereas the AUROC of PIVKA-II was significantly better than that of AFP in patients with cirrhosis (0.870 vs 0.812, P = 0.042). When PIVKA-II and AFP were combined, the diagnostic power improved significantly compared to either AFP or PIVKA-II alone for the differentiation of HCC from nonmalignant CHB (P < 0.05), especially when cirrhosis was present (P < 0.05). Serum PIVKA-II might be a better tumor marker than AFP, and its combination with AFP may enhance the early detection of HCC in patients with CHB.
    04/2015; 21(13):3928-35. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v21.i13.3928
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    ABSTRACT: Background The eradication rate of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection might be affected by the degree of inflammation of gastric mucosa represented by the endoscopic stage of peptic ulcer disease (PUD). The aims of this study were to evaluate the eradication rates of H. pylori infection according to the endoscopic stage of PUD and to document whether early eradication in the active stage could yield a higher eradication rate in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB).Materials and MethodsA total of 1,177 patients with PUD (380 gastric ulcer, 710 duodenal ulcer, and 87 combined ulcer) who received proton-pump inhibitor (PPI)-based triple therapy were included, and the eradication rates were compared by ulcer stage. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify factors influencing eradication rate. In PUB, the eradication rates between the early eradication group (≤7 days) and the late eradication group (>7 days) were compared.ResultsThe eradication rates according to endoscopic stage were significantly different in gastric ulcer (active vs healing vs scarring; 84.8% vs 82.7% vs 70.6%, p = .014, respectively), but there were no significant differences in duodenal ulcer (active vs healing vs scarring; 87.6% vs 80.9%% vs 80.9% p = .169, respectively). In multivariate analyses, active ulcer as well as age younger than 50 was a significantly independent predictor of successful eradication (Odds ratio; 2.799, 95% CI; 1.659–4.723, p = .0001). The eradication rate of the early eradication group was significantly higher than the late eradication group in PUB (89.2% vs 71.9%, 95% CI; 1.265–8.269, p = .011).Conclusions There was a significant difference in the eradication rate according to the endoscopic stage of gastric ulcer. Active ulcer was an independent predictor of successful eradication. Furthermore, early H. pylori eradication should be considered in patients with PUB to yield a higher eradication rate.
    Helicobacter 03/2015; DOI:10.1111/hel.12221 · 2.99 Impact Factor
  • Soo Hyung Ryu · Myoung Kuk Jang · Woo Jean Kim · Danbi Lee · Young-Hwa Chung
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a prototype of hypervascular tumors, is one of the most common malignancies in the world, especially hyperendemic in the Far East where chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is highly prevalent. It is characterized by the clinical feature of a poor prognosis or a high mortality due to its already far advanced stages at diagnosis. It is so multifactorial that hepatocarcinogenesis cannot be explained by a single molecular mechanism. To date, a number of pathways have been known to contribute to the development, growth, angiogenesis, and even metastasis of HCC. Among the various factors, metastatic tumor antigens (MTAs) or metastasis-associated proteins have been vigorously investigated as an intriguing target in the field of hepatocarcinogenesis. According to recent studies including ours, MTAs are not only involved in the HCC development and growth (molecular carcinogenesis), but also closely associated with the post-operative recurrence and a poor prognosis or a worse response to post-operative anti-cancer therapy (clinical significance). Herein, we review MTAs in light of their essential structure, functions, and molecular mechanism in hepatocarcinogenesis. We will also focus in detail on the interaction between hepatitis B x protein (HBx) of HBV and MTA in order to clarify the HBV-associated HCC development. Finally, we will discuss the prognostic significance and clinical application of MTA in HCC. We believe that this review will help clinicians to understand the meaning and use of the detection of MTA in order to more effectively manage their HCC patients.
    Cancer and metastasis reviews 10/2014; 33(4). DOI:10.1007/s10555-014-9522-4 · 7.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Goal and Background: Host genetic diversity may play roles in development of HCC. This study was conducted to validate the effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-[alpha]) gene polymorphism on development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Study: The study cohort comprised 224 patients with HBV-associated HCC and 206 with HBV-associated liver cirrhosis (LC). Using chromosomal DNA, TNF-[alpha] promoter gene polymorphisms were determined at 3 common single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites (TNF-[alpha]-1031 T>C, TNF-[alpha]-857 C>T, and TNF-[alpha]-308 G>A) using a single base extension method. The genotype distributions were compared between the 2 groups. All the HBV-associated LC patients were followed up regularly every 6 to 12 months for surveillance of HCC development. Results: In the cross-sectional analysis, the frequency of TNF-[alpha]-857 T allele was much higher in patients with HCC compared with those with LC (42% vs. 31%, P<0.01). Of 206 HBV-associated LC patients, 12 (5.8%) developed HCC during the median follow-up period of 36 months. The cumulative occurrence rates of HCC were significantly higher in patients with TNF-[alpha]-857 T allele than those withTNF-[alpha]-857 C/C genotype (1-, 3-, and 5-y rates: 2.9%, 12.8%, and 20.7% vs. 0%, 3.1%, and 5.3%, respectively; P=0.013). However, the other genetic polymorphisms of TNF-[alpha] promoter gene did not affect the development of HCC. In multivariate analysis, TNF-[alpha]-857 T allele was a significant predictor of HCC development (hazard ratio 6.29, P=0.01). Conclusion: Our data suggest that TNF-[alpha]-857 T allele is closely associated with development of HCC in HBV-associated LC patients. Copyright
    Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 10/2014; Publish Ahead of Print. DOI:10.1097/MCG.0000000000000261 · 3.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vertical transmission from mother to child, the main route of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the East Asia, is considered one of the most important predictors for the response to antiviral therapies as well as its complications such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Therefore, it is critical in both etiologic and prognostic aspects to confirm whether or not chronic HBV infection is acquired vertically. This study investigated whether mother-to-child infection could be proved by the phylogenetic analyses of HBV pre-S/S genes ever since several decades have elapsed in mother-child pairs with presumed vertical transmission. The pre-S and S regions of HBVs were compared and analyzed phylogenetically in a total of 36 adults (18 mother-child pairs) with chronic HBV infection. All of the isolates of HBV were genotype C and serotype adr. The divergence between mothers and offsprings was 0 to 1.5%. Phylogenetic trees revealed that 17 of 18 pairs (94%) with presumed vertical transmission were grouped into the same cluster. Vertical transmission from mother to child could be strongly suggested even in adults with a history of several decades of HBV infection using the phylogenetic analyses of pre-S and S genes. Graphical Abstract
    Journal of Korean medical science 04/2014; 29(4):564-9. DOI:10.3346/jkms.2014.29.4.564 · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As the incidence rate of and mortality from pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) are increasing worldwide, it is important to study the simple predictive risk factors for PMC among patients with hospital-acquired diarrhea (HAD). This study focused on identifying the clinical risk factors that can easily predict PMC. The presumed HAD patients were prospectively recruited at the Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital. Age of 70 and older (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 1.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12 to 0.75), use of proton pump inhibitors (adjusted OR, 4.07; 95% CI, 2.512 to 6.57), use of cephalosporins (adjusted OR, 2.99; 95% CI, 1.82 to 4.94), and underlying cancer (adjusted OR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.04 to 2.82) were independent risk factors for PMC in the multivariate logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of PMC was very low in the patients with HAD who exhibited no risk factors. The risk factors for PMC in patients with HAD included cephalosporin use, proton pump inhibitor use, old age, and cancer. Considering the strongly negative predictive values of these risk factors, endoscopic evaluation can be delayed in patients with HAD without risk of developing PMC.
    Gut and Liver 01/2014; 8(1):41-8. DOI:10.5009/gnl.2014.8.1.41 · 1.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The simultaneous detection of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibody to hepatitis B surface (anti-HBs) is unusual in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, but may be related with more advanced liver diseases. This retrospective long-term cohort study was aimed to investigate whether coexistence of HBsAg and anti-HBs may increase the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic HBV infection. A total of 1,042 non-HCC patients were recruited and followed up for a median 4.3 years (range 1.0-22 years). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors for HCC development. The prevalence of coexistence of HBsAg and anti-HBs was 7.0% (73/1,042). In univariate analysis, the 5-, 10-, and 15-year cumulative incidences of HCC were significantly higher in coexistence group than in HBsAg only group (12.7%, 23.4%, 69.4% vs. 4.9%, 13%, 20.6%, respectively; P = 0.008). In multivariate analysis, coexistence of HBsAg and anti-HBs [Hazard ratio (HR), 2.001; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.023-3.912; P = 0.043] as well as male gender [HR, 1.898; 95% CI, 0.31-0.896; P = 0.018], age over 40 years [HR, 14.56; 95% CI, 4.499-47.08; P = 0.0001], and cirrhosis [HR, 7.995; 95% CI, 4.756-13.439; P = 0.0001] was identified as the independent factor for HCC development. Also, the cumulative incidence of HCC increased in proportion to the number of the risk factors. In conclusion, coexistence of HBsAg and anti-HBs may increase independently the risk of HCC development in chronic HBV infection. Therefore, consideration of HCC development is required in patients with coexistence of HBsAg and anti-HBs. J. Med. Virol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Medical Virology 01/2014; 86(1). DOI:10.1002/jmv.23779 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: The clinical course of acute viral hepatitis A (AHA) is highly variable. Serum alphafetoprotein (AFP) level is often elevated in various types of acute liver injuries, indicating active liver regeneration. This study was aimed to investigate the clinical significance of serum AFP level in the aspect of the early recovery in AHA. Methodology: A total of 238 patients with AHA, confirmed by IgM anti-hepatitis A virus, were included. The patients were classified according to serum AFP level. Multivariate analysis by Cox proportional hazards model using dichotomized clinical variables was performed to identify the independent predictors for early recovery (ALT normalization within 2 weeks). Results: The median age (range) was 30 (17-50) years and male dominant (62%, 147/238). Compared to low AFP group, high AFP group (>10 ng/mL) had significantly lower platelet counts (p <0.0001), lower albumin (p =0.003), lower AST (p <0.001), lower ALT (p = 0.001), higher total bilirubin level (p <0.0001) on univariate analysis. On Cox regression analysis, high AFP level (>10 ng/mL) was the only independent predictor for early recovery (Hazard ratio (HR); 2.392, 95% CI; 1.564-3.659, p = 0.0001). Conclusions: High serum AFP level (>10 ng/mL) may indicate the already-started recovery through active liver regeneration or the early recovery within 2 weeks in AHA.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 10/2013; 60(127):1592-6. DOI:10.5754/hge.11882 · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metastatic tumor antigen 1 (MTA1) overexpression is closely associated with postoperative recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It has been suggested that pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) can prevent the occurrence of HCC in patients who have chronic viral hepatitis. In this study, the authors examined whether postoperative adjuvant Peg-IFN therapy can reduce the recurrence of MTA1-positive HCC after curative surgical resection. In this case-control study, 93 patients with MTA1-positive HCC who underwent curative surgical resection were prospectively enrolled. The median patient age was 53 years (range, 27-78); there were 65 men and 28 women; the etiology was hepatitis B virus (HBV) in 77 patients, hepatitis C virus (HCV) in 6 patients, and non-HBV/non-HCV in 10 patients; 31 patients received Peg-IFN (Peg-INTRON®) subcutaneously at a dose of 50 μg per week for 12 months (the Peg-IFN group); and the remaining 62 patients were followed only and did not receive any adjuvant therapies (control group). Patients were followed every 1 to 3 months for a median of 24 months. HCC recurred postoperatively in 26 of 93 patients (28%), and 9 patients (10%) died during follow-up. The overall cumulative recurrence rates were significantly lower in the Peg-IFN group than in the control group (7% and 14% vs 24% and 34% at 1 year and 2 years, respectively; P < .05). In addition, the 1-year and 2-year cumulative survival rates were higher in the Peg-IFN group compared with the control group (100% vs 93% and 100% vs 87%, respectively; P < .05). In multivariate analysis, the receipt of adjuvant Peg-IFN therapy, in addition to having a lower Cancer of the Liver Italian Program score and being a woman, was an independent, favorable factor for a lower risk of postoperative recurrence. The current data indicate that adjuvant Peg-IFN therapy may reduce the recurrence of HCC in patients who have MTA1-positive HCC after curative surgical resection. Cancer 2013;119:2239–2246.
    Cancer 06/2013; 119(12). DOI:10.1002/cncr.28082 · 4.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clostridial septicemia usually occurrs in patients with immunocompromised diseases such as diabetes and malignancy. Clostridial liver abscess is very rare but highly fatal. We experienced a case of Clostridial septicemia due to liver abscess in a 73-year-old man. He was presented with fever and chills. On admission, abdominal CT scan showed about 35 mm sized hypoattenuated lesion with multiple central air-bubbles. After the diagnosis of liver abscess, the patient underwent prompt empirical antimicrobial therapy and percutaneous drainage. In spite of early therapy, the patient had gone into shock and death. (Korean J Gastroenterol 2013;61:103-106).
    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 02/2013; 61(2):103-6. DOI:10.4166/kjg.2013.61.2.103
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    ABSTRACT: Selective intestinal decontamination (SID) with norfloxacin has been widely used for the prophylaxis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) because of a high recurrence rate and preventive effect of SID for SBP. However, it does select resistant gut flora and may lead to SBP caused by unusual pathogens such as quinolone-resistant gram-negative bacilli or gram-positive cocci. Enterococcus hirae is known to cause infections mainly in animals, but is rarely encountered in humans. We report the first case of SBP by E. hirae in a cirrhotic patient who have previously received an oral administration of norfloxacin against SBP caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae and presented in septic shock.
    Journal of Korean medical science 12/2012; 27(12):1598-600. DOI:10.3346/jkms.2012.27.12.1598 · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Overexpression of metastatic tumor antigen-1 (MTA-1) is suggested to be associated with frequent postoperative recurrence and poor survival of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. In this study, we intended to determine clinical factors predisposing the overexpression of MTA-1 in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated HCC and also examine whether MTA-1 overexpression affects the survival periods of these patients treated with curative surgical resection. A total of 303 patients with HBV-associated HCC who underwent curative surgical resection were subjected. The expressions of MTA-1 in HCC and surrounding non-tumor liver tissues were evaluated using the immunohistochemical method. The clinical, radiological and histological characteristics of the patients were analyzed in relation to the expression of MTA-1 to find predisposing factors of MTA-1 overexpression. MTA-1 was overexpressed in 104 HCC tissues (34.3 %) and none of the surrounding non-tumor tissues. Clinically, MTA-1 overexpression was significantly associated with younger age, female gender, higher serum alpha-fetoprotein level, and Child-Turcotte-Pugh class A. Also, portal vein thrombosis, microvascular invasion, capsular invasion and poorly histological differentiation were associated with overexpression of MTA-1. The cumulative survival rates were significantly lower in patients with MTA-1 overexpression compared with those in the MTA-1 negative group (P = 0.03). In addition to the overexpression of MTA-1, the presence of microvascular or capsular invasion was a significant factor determining the poor survival of the patients with HBV-associated HCC after curative resection. MTA-1 is overexpressed in patients with HBV-associated HCC of invasive nature. MTA-1 overexpression is associated with shorter survival periods of patients with HBV-associated HCC after curative resection.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 07/2012; 57(11):2917-23. DOI:10.1007/s10620-012-2296-z · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The potential role of the cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 polymorphism has been reported in relation to the risk of gastrointestinal tract malignancies. Therefore, we investigated whether COX-2 polymorphisms are associated with the risk of gastric cancer (GC) in Korea, one of the areas with a high prevalence of this condition. We evaluated the genotypic frequencies of COX-2-765 and -1195 in 100 peptic ulcer patients, 100 GC patients, and 100 healthy controls. The polymorphisms of the COX-2-765 and -1195 genes were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphisms. The frequencies of the COX-2-1195 GG, GA, and AA genotype were 20%, 60%, and 20% in intestinal-type GC and 8%, 48%, and 44% in diffuse-type GC, respectively (p=0.021). There were no significant differences in the frequency of COX-2-765 genotypes between intestinal-type GC and diffuse-type GC (p=0.603). Age- and sex-adjusted logistic regression analysis showed that the COX-2-1195 AA genotype was the independent risk factor of diffuse-type GC compared with the COX-2-1195 GG genotype (p=0.041; odds ratio, 6.22; 95% confidence interval, 1.077 to 35.870). The COX-2-1195 AA genotype may render subjects more susceptible to diffuse-type GC.
    Gut and liver 07/2012; 6(3):321-7. DOI:10.5009/gnl.2012.6.3.321 · 1.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To address a growing concern about drug-induced liver injury (DILI), a nationwide study was performed to investigate the significance of DILI in Korea. From May 2005 to May 2007, cases of DILI (alanine transferase >3 × upper normal limit or total bilirubin >2 × upper normal limit) from 17 referral university hospitals were prospectively enrolled. Adjudication by the seven review boards was considered for the confirmation of causality and the Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Method (RUCAM) scale was used. A total of 371 cases were diagnosed with DILI. The extrapolated incidence of hospitalization at university hospital in Korea was 12/100,000 persons/year. The causes included "herbal medications" (102, 27.5%), "prescription or non-prescription medications" (101, 27.3%), "health foods or dietary supplements" (51, 13.7%), "medicinal herbs or plants" (35, 9.4%), "folk remedies" (32, 8.6%), "combined" (30, 8.2%), "herbal preparations" (12, 3.2%), and others (8, 2.2%). Nine cases were linked to acetaminophen. The frequencies of hepatocellular, mixed, and cholestatic types were 76.3, 14.8, and 8.9%, respectively. A total of 234 cases met the criteria for Hy's law. Five patients died or underwent transplantation. Twenty-five cases (21 herbs and 4 medications) did not meet the time-to-onset criteria of the RUCAM. DILI appears to be a highly relevant health problem in Korea. "Herbal medications" are the principal cause of DILI. A more objective and reproducible causality assessment tool is strongly desired as the RUCAM scale frequently undercounts the cases caused by herbs owing to a lack of previous information and incompatible time criteria.
    The American Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2012; 107(9):1380-7. DOI:10.1038/ajg.2012.138 · 9.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The study was aimed to investigate the relationship between plasma transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β(1)) expression and the characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Five hundred and seventy-one patients with HCC were subjected. Plasma TGF-β(1) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at diagnosis and compared in accordance with clinical and radiological characteristics. Plasma TGF-β(1) levels were significantly higher in the diffuse infiltrative type (n = 159) than in the nodular type of HCC (n = 412; 3.94 ± 0.34 vs. 3.79 ± 0.29 log(10) pg/ml; p < 0.001). They were much higher in patients with portal vein thrombosis or extrahepatic metastasis than in those without (3.88 ± 0.34 vs. 3.81 ± 0.29 log(10) pg/ml, p = 0.008; 3.94 ± 0.35 vs. 3.82 ± 0.30 log(10) pg/ml, p = 0.013, respectively). Also, plasma TGF-β(1) levels showed a positive correlation with the size of HCC (r = 0.014, p < 0.001). Additionally, plasma TGF-β(1) levels were inversely related to the survival periods (p < 0.001). TGF-β(1) was overexpressed in invasive types of HCC and it may be involved in the rapid progression of HCC.
    Oncology 02/2012; 82(1):11-8. DOI:10.1159/000335605 · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Gastrointestinal endoscopy 12/2011; 74(6):1422-4. DOI:10.1016/j.gie.2010.12.010 · 4.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging is an useful system to assess the prognosis of any solid cancer. As new TNM staging classification of 7th stomach cancer was revised in 2009, we evaluated the prognostic predictability of the 7th International Union Against Cancer/American Joint Committee on Cancer (UICC/AJCC) TNM classification compared to 6th UICC/AJCC TNM classification in gastric cancer. From January 2000 to December 2009, 5-year survival rates of 266 patients with gastric cancer were calculated by the 6th and 7th UICC/AJCC TNM classification. Using the 7th UICC/AJCC TNM classification, there was no significant difference in the 5-year cumulative survival rates (5 YSR) between stage IIA and IIB, IIB and IIIA, and IIIA and IIIB (70% vs. 71%, p=0.530; 71% vs. 80%, p=0.703; 80% vs. 75%, p=0.576, respectively) though significant differences of the survival rates were observed among stages of 6th edition. Using T stage of 7th edition, 5 YSR was not different between T2 and T3 (86% vs. 82%, p=0.655). Using N stage of 7th edition, 5 YSR were not different between N1 and N2, N3a and N3b (79% vs. 81%, p=0.506; 41% vs. 17%, p=0.895, respectively). The 7th UICC/AJCC TNM classification had poor prognostic predictability in gastric cancer compared to the 6th edition.
    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 11/2011; 58(5):258-63. DOI:10.4166/kjg.2011.58.5.258
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    ABSTRACT: In this study the authors intended to investigate the relationship between intrahepatic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-DNA concentrations and posthepatectomy recurrence of HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). High HBV-DNA level is strongly associated with HCC development in chronic HBV infection and considered to be a risk factor of HCC recurrence. A total of 109 patients with HBV-associated HCC who underwent curative surgical resection were followed up every 3 to 6 months for a median of 82 months. Intrahepatic total HBV-DNA titer was measured in HCC and surrounding liver tissues using a TaqMan probe-based real-time polymerase chain reaction method. HBV-DNA titers in HCC and surrounding liver were compared in accordance with patients' clinical, radiologic, and histopathological characteristics. The relationships between HBV-DNA titers in HCC or surrounding liver tissues and cumulative HCC recurrence rates were determined. Of the 109 patients, 67 (62%) showed posthepatectomy recurrence of HCC. In all patients, total HBV-DNA titers were significantly higher in HCCs than in surrounding liver tissues (P=0.019). HCC recurred more frequently in patients with higher than those with lower HBV-DNA titers in surrounding liver tissues (P=0.009). In contrast, the HCC recurrence rates were similar in patients with higher and those with lower HBV-DNA titers in HCC specimens (P=0.301). Multivariate analysis showed that tumor size >5 cm (P=0.008), the presence of portal vein thrombus (P=0.001), and high HBV-DNA titer in surrounding liver tissues (P=0.002) were independent risk factors for posthepatectomy HCC recurrence in patients with HBV-associated HCC. In patients with HBV-associated HCC, high HBV-DNA titer in surrounding liver rather than in the HCC itself is associated with posthepatectomy HCC recurrence after curative surgical resection.
    Journal of clinical gastroenterology 11/2011; 46(5):413-9. DOI:10.1097/MCG.0b013e3182371285 · 3.19 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

528 Citations
249.68 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2001–2015
    • Hallym University Medical Center
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2005–2014
    • Hallym University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004–2005
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
    • Asan Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003
    • University of Ulsan
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea