Jill P Buyon

CUNY Graduate Center, New York, New York, United States

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Publications (277)1586.7 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the use and efficacy of belimumab in academic practices. Belimumab is a human monoclonal antibody that inhibits soluble B lymphocyte stimulator and has been approved for the treatment of adults with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: Invitations to participate and complete a 1-page questionnaire for each patient prescribed belimumab were sent to 16 physicians experienced in SLE phase III clinical trials. The outcome was defined as the physician's impression of improvement in the initial manifestation(s) being treated without worsening in other organ systems. Results: Of 195 patients treated with belimumab at 10 academic centers, 96% were taking background medications for SLE at initiation of belimumab, with 74% taking corticosteroids. The main indications for initiation of belimumab were arthritis, rash, and/or worsening serologic activity, with 30% of patients unable to taper corticosteroids. Of the 120 patients taking belimumab for at least 6 months, 51% responded clinically and 67% had ≥ 25% improvement in laboratory values. While numbers are limited, black patients showed improvement at 6 months. In a subset of 39 patients with childhood-onset SLE, 65% responded favorably at 6 months, and 35% discontinued corticosteroids. Conclusion: Our data demonstrate favorable clinical and laboratory outcomes in patients with SLE at 6 months across all racial and ethnic groups, with similar improvement seen among patients with childhood-onset SLE.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 11/2015; DOI:10.3899/jrheum.150470 · 3.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Based on the consistent demonstration of fibrosis of the atrioventricular node surrounded by macrophages and multinucleated giant cells in anti-Ro antibody exposed fetuses dying with heart block, this study focuses on macrophage signaling stimulated by ssRNA associated with the Ro60 protein and the impact of antagonizing innate cell drivers such as TLR7/8. Transcriptome and epigenetic modifications which affect transcription factors, NF-κB and STAT1, were selected to evaluate the phenotype of macrophages in which TLR7/8 was ligated following treatment with either anti-Ro60/Ro60/hY3 RNA immune complexes or transfection with hY3. Based on microarray, TNF and IL6 were among the most highly upregulated genes in both stimulated conditions, each of which was significantly inhibited by preincubation with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ). In contrast, following stimulation of macrophages with either TNF-α or IFN-α, which do not signal through TLR, the resultant gene expression was refractory to HCQ. Ligation of TLR7/8 resulted in increased histone methylation as measured by increased H3K4me2, a requirement for binding of NF-κB at certain promoters, specifically the kB1 region in the TNF promoter (ChIP-qPCR), which was significantly decreased by HCQ. In summary, these results support that the HCQ-sensitive phenotype of hY3 stimulated macrophages reflects the bifurcation of TLR downstream signals involving NF-κB and STAT 1 pathways and for the former dimethylation of H3K4. Accordingly, HCQ may act more as a preventive measure in downregulating the initial production of IFN-α or TNF-α and not affect the resultant autocoid stimulation reflected in TNF-α and IFN-α responsive genes. The beneficial scope of antimalarials in the prevention of organ damage, inclusive of heart block in an anti-Ro offspring or more broadly SLE, may include in part, a mechanism targeting TLR-dependent epigenetic modification.
    Journal of Autoimmunity 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jaut.2015.09.003 · 8.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Over 20% of pregnancies in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and/or antiphospholipid antibodies (APL) result in an adverse pregnancy outcome (APO) related to abnormal placentation. The ability to identify, early in pregnancy, patients who are destined for poor outcomes would significantly impact care of this high risk population. In non-autoimmune patients, circulating angiogenic factors are dysregulated in disorders of placentation, such as preeclampsia (PE) and fetal growth restriction. Objective: To determine whether early dysregulation of circulating angiogenic factors, can predict APO in high risk SLE and/or APL pregnancies. Study design: We used data and samples from the PROMISSE Study (Predictors of pRegnancy Outcome: BioMarkers In antiphospholipid antibody Syndrome and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus), a multi-center prospective study that enrolled 492 pregnant women with SLE and/or APL between September 2003 and August 2013. Patients were followed through pregnancy from <12 weeks gestation. Circulating levels of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1), placental growth factor (PlGF) and soluble endoglin (sEng) were measured monthly and subjects followed for APO, classified as severe (PE<34 weeks, fetal/neonatal death, indicated pre-term delivery <30 weeks) or moderate (PE≥34 weeks, indicated preterm delivery 30-36 weeks, growth restriction without PE). Results: Severe APOs occurred in 12% and moderate APOs in 10% of patients. By 12-15 weeks, sFlt1, PlGF, and sEng levels were markedly altered in women who developed severe APO. After adjusting for clinical risk factors, sFlt1 was the strongest predictor of severe APO among 12-15 week measures (odds ratio=17.3 comparing highest and lowest quartiles, 95% CI: 3.5-84.8; positive predictive value (PPV)=61%; negative predictive value (NPV)=93%). At 16-19 weeks, the combination of sFlt1 and PlGF was most predictive of severe APO, with risk greatest for subjects with both PlGF in lowest quartile (<70.3 pg/ml) and sFlt1 in highest quartile (>1872 pg/ml; odds ratio=31.1; 95% CI: 8.0-121.9; PPV=58%; NPV=95%). Severe APO rate in this high risk subgroup was 94% (95%CI: 70%-99.8%), if lupus anticoagulant or history of high blood pressure is additionally present. In contrast, among patients with both sFlt1 <1872 pg/ml and PlGF >70.3 pg/ml, rate of severe APO was only 4.6% (95% CI: 2.1%- 8.6%). Conclusions: Circulating angiogenic factors measured during early gestation have a high negative predictive value in ruling out the development of severe adverse outcomes among patients with SLE and/or APL syndrome. Timely risk stratification of patients is important for effective clinical care and optimal allocation of healthcare resources.
    American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajog.2015.09.066 · 4.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac manifestations of neonatal lupus (cardiac NL) include congenital heart block and cardiomyopathy. Several candidate biomarkers were evaluated in cases at risk for cardiac NL on the basis of potential roles in inflammation, fibrosis, and cardiac dysfunction: C-reactive protein (CRP); NT-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP); troponin I; matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2; urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA); urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR); plasminogen; and vitamin D. Identification of maternal and fetal biomarkers associated with development and morbidity of cardiac NL should provide clues to pathogenesis with translational implications for management. Cord (139) and maternal (135) blood samples collected during pregnancies at risk for cardiac NL were available for study. Levels of cord and maternal CRP, cord NT-proBNP, and cord troponin I were evaluated using multiplex assays. Cord and maternal vitamin D were assessed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. MMP-2, uPA, uPAR, and plasminogen were evaluated using ELISA. Cord CRP, NT-proBNP, MMP-2, uPA, uPAR, and plasminogen levels were higher in cardiac NL-affected fetuses than in unaffected cases, independent of maternal rheumatic disease, season at highest risk of cardiac NL development, and medications taken during pregnancy. These biomarkers were positively associated with a disease severity score derived from known risk factors for mortality in cardiac NL. Maternal CRP and cord troponin I levels did not differ between the groups. Cord and maternal vitamin D levels were not significantly associated with cardiac NL, but average maternal vitamin D level during pregnancy was positively associated with longer time to postnatal pacemaker placement. These data support the association of fetal reactive inflammatory and fibrotic components with development and morbidity of cardiac NL. Following CRP and NT-proBNP levels after birth can potentially monitor severity and progression of cardiac NL. MMP-2 and the uPA/uPAR/plasminogen cascade provide therapeutic targets to decrease fibrosis. Although decreased vitamin D did not confer increased risk, given the positive influence on postnatal outcomes, maternal levels should be optimized. Copyright © 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 08/2015; 66(8):930-9. DOI:10.1016/j.jacc.2015.06.1088 · 16.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tabalumab, a human IgG4 monoclonal antibody that neutralises membrane and soluble B-cell activating factor (BAFF). Methods This randomised, placebo-controlled study enrolled 1124 patients with moderate-to-severe systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment- SLE Disease Activity Index ≥6 at baseline). Patients received standard of care plus subcutaneous study drug, starting with a loading dose (240 mg) at week 0 and followed by 120 mg every 2 weeks (120 Q2W), 120 mg every 4 weeks (120 Q4W) or placebo. Primary endpoint was proportion achieving SLE Responder Index 5 (SRI-5) improvement at week 52. Results Clinical characteristics were balanced across groups. The primary endpoint was met with 120 Q2W (38.4% vs 27.7%, placebo; p=0.002), but not with the less frequent 120 Q4W regimen (34.8%, p=0.051). Although key secondary endpoints (time to severe flare, corticosteroid sparing and fatigue) were not met, patients treated with tabalumab had greater SRI-5 response rates in a serologically active subset and improvements in more stringent SRI cut-offs, SELENA-SLEDAI, Physician's Global Assessment, anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies, complement, total B cells and immunoglobulins. The incidences of deaths, serious adverse events (AEs), and treatment-emergent AEs were similar in the 120 Q2W, 120 Q4W and placebo groups, but depression and suicidal ideation, albeit rare events, were more commonly reported with tabalumab. Conclusion SRI-5 was met with 120 Q2W and although key secondary endpoints were not met, numerous other secondary endpoints significantly improved in addition to pharmacodynamic evidence of BAFF pathway blockade. The safety profile for tabalumab was similar to placebo, except for depression and suicidality, which were uncommon. Trial registration number NCT01205438.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 08/2015; DOI:10.1136/annrheumdis-2015-207654 · 10.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Blisibimod is a potent B cell-activating factor (BAFF) antagonist that binds to both cell membrane-expressed and soluble BAFF. The goal of these first-in-human studies was to characterize the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of blisibimod in subjects with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). SLE subjects with mild disease that was stable/inactive at baseline received either a single dose of blisibimod (0.1, 0.3, 1, or 3 mg/kg subcutaneous [SC] or 1, 3, or 6 mg/kg intravenous [IV]) or placebo (phase 1a; N = 54), or four weekly doses of blisibimod (0.3, 1, or 3 mg/kg SC or 6 mg/kg IV) or placebo (phase 1b; N = 63). Safety and tolerability measures were collected, and B cell subset measurements and pharmacokinetic analyses were performed. All subjects (93 % female; mean age 43.7 years) carried the diagnosis of SLE for ≥ 1 year. Single- and multiple-dose treatment with blisibimod produced a decrease in the number of naïve B cells (24-76 %) and a transient relative increase in the memory B cell compartment, with the greatest effect on IgD(-)CD27+; there were no notable changes in T cells or natural killer cells. With time, memory B cells reverted to baseline, leading to a calculated 30 % reduction in total B cells by approximately 160 days after the first dose. In both the single- and multiple-dosing SC cohorts, the pharmacokinetic profile indicated slow absorption, dose-proportional exposure from 0.3 through 3.0 mg/kg SC and 1 through 6 mg/kg IV, linear pharmacokinetics across the dose range of 1.0-6.0 mg/kg, and accumulation ratios ranging from 2.21 to 2.76. The relative increase in memory B cells was not associated with safety signals, and the incidence of adverse events, anti-blisibimod antibodies, and clinical laboratory abnormalities were comparable between blisibimod- and placebo-treated subjects. Blisibimod changed the constituency of the B cell pool and single and multiple doses of blisibimod exhibited approximate dose-proportional pharmacokinetics across the dose range 1.0-6.0 mg/kg. The safety and tolerability profile of blisibimod in SLE was comparable with that of placebo. These findings support further studies of blisibimod in SLE and other B cell-mediated diseases. Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02443506 . Registered 11 May 2015. NCT02411136 Registered 7 April 2015.
    Arthritis research & therapy 08/2015; 17(1):215. DOI:10.1186/s13075-015-0741-z · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Because systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) affects women of reproductive age, pregnancy is a major concern. To identify predictors of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) in patients with inactive or stable active SLE. Prospective cohort. Multicenter. 385 patients (49% non-Hispanic white; 31% with prior nephritis) with SLE in the PROMISSE study. Exclusion criteria were urinary protein-creatinine ratio greater than 1000 mg/g, creatinine level greater than 1.2 mg/dL, prednisone use greater than 20 mg/d, and multifetal pregnancy. APOs included fetal or neonatal death; birth before 36 weeks due to placental insufficiency, hypertension, or preeclampsia; and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonate (birthweight below the fifth percentile). Disease activity was assessed with the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Pregnancy Disease Activity Index and the Physician's Global Assessment (PGA). APOs occurred in 19.0% (95% CI, 15.2% to 23.2%) of pregnancies; fetal death occurred in 4%, neonatal death occurred in 1%, preterm delivery occurred in 9%, and SGA neonate occurred in 10%. Severe flares in the second and third trimesters occurred in 2.5% and 3.0%, respectively. Baseline predictors of APOs included presence of lupus anticoagulant (LAC) (odds ratio [OR], 8.32 [CI, 3.59 to 19.26]), antihypertensive use (OR, 7.05 [CI, 3.05 to 16.31]), PGA score greater than 1 (OR, 4.02 [CI, 1.84 to 8.82]), and platelet count (OR, 1.33 [CI, 1.09 to 1.63] per decrease of 50 × 109 cells/L). Non-Hispanic white race was protective (OR, 0.45 [CI, 0.24 to 0.84]). Maternal flares, higher disease activity, and smaller increases in C3 level later in pregnancy also predicted APOs. Among women without baseline risk factors, the APO rate was 7.8%. For those who either were LAC-positive or were LAC-negative but nonwhite or Hispanic and using antihypertensives, the APO rate was 58.0% and fetal or neonatal mortality was 22.0%. Patients with high disease activity were excluded. In pregnant patients with inactive or stable mild or moderate SLE, severe flares are infrequent, and absent specific risk factors, outcomes are favorable. National Institutes of Health.
    Annals of internal medicine 06/2015; 163(3). DOI:10.7326/M14-2235 · 17.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This review describes eight 'great ideas' regarding bench-to-bedside considerations in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presented at the second international LUPUS meeting in Quebec, September 2014. The topics included: correcting the impaired clearance of apoptotic fragments; optimisation of clinical trial design: the PERFECT (Pre Evaluation Reducing Frighteningly Elevated Coverable Targets) study; lipidomics and metabolomics in SLE; importance of the inflammasome; identification and treatment of asymptomatic autoimmunity: prevention of SLE; combining low doses of hydroxychloroquine and quinacrine for long-term maintenance therapy of SLE; reducing emergency room visits and the critical relevance of the autoantigen.
    06/2015; 2(1):e000087. DOI:10.1136/lupus-2015-000087
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    ABSTRACT: Only 2% of mothers positive for anti-SSA/Ro (Ro) antibodies have children with congenital heart block (CHB). This study aimed to determine whether reactivity with p305, an epitope within the α1G T-type calcium channel, confers added risk over anti-Ro antibodies. Using sera from anti-Ro-exposed pregnancies resulting in offspring with CHB, no disease but CHB-sibling, and no disease and no CHB-sibling, as well as disease (lupus without anti-Ro) and healthy controls, reactivities were determined for binding to Ro60, p305, and an epitope within Ro60, p133-Ro60, which shares structural properties with p305, including key amino acids and an α-helical structure. Candidate peptides were further evaluated in an in vitro model that assessed the binding of maternal antibodies to apoptotic cells. In anti-Ro-positive mothers, anti-p305 autoantibodies (>3 SD above healthy controls) were detected in 3/59 (5%) CHB pregnancies, 4/30 (13%) unaffected pregnancies with a CHB-sibling, and 0/42 (0%) of unaffected pregnancies with no CHB-sibling. For umbilical bloods (61 CHB, 41 healthy with CHB sibling), no association of anti-p305 with outcome was detected; however, overall levels of anti-p305 were elevated compared to mothers during pregnancy in all groups studied. For anti-p133-Ro60, reactivity paralleled that of anti-p305. In the screen employing apoptotic cells, p133-Ro60, but not p305, significantly attenuated the binding of immunoglobulin G isolated from a mother whose child had CHB (42.1% reduced to 13.9%, absence/presence of p133-Ro60, respectively, P<0.05). These data suggest that anti-p305 is not a robust maternal marker for assessing increased risk of CHB during an anti-SSA/Ro pregnancy. © 2015 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.
    Journal of the American Heart Association 04/2015; 4(5). DOI:10.1161/JAHA.115.001836 · 4.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autoimmune congenital heart block (CHB) is an immune-mediated acquired disease that is associated with the placental transference of maternal antibodies specific for Ro and La autoantigens. The disease develops in a fetal heart without anatomical abnormalities that could otherwise explain the block, and which is usually diagnosed in utero, but also at birth or within the neonatal period. Autoantibody-mediated damage of fetal conduction tissues causes inflammation and fibrosis and leads to blockage of signal conduction at the atrioventricular (AV) node. Irreversible complete AV block is the principal cardiac manifestation of CHB, although some babies might develop other severe cardiac complications, such as endocardial fibroelastosis or valvular insufficiency, even in the absence of cardiac block. In this Review, we discuss the epidemiology, classification and management of women whose pregnancies are affected by autoimmune CHB, with a particular focus on the autoantibodies associated with autoimmune CHB and how we should test for these antibodies and diagnose this disease. Without confirmed effective preventive or therapeutic strategies and further research on the aetiopathogenic mechanisms, autoimmune CHB will remain a severe life-threatening disorder.
    Nature Reviews Rheumatology 03/2015; 11(5). DOI:10.1038/nrrheum.2015.29 · 9.85 Impact Factor
  • Joan T. Merrill · Jill P. Buyon · Tammy Utset ·
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, relapsing autoimmune connective tissuedisease, primarily affecting the skin, joints, kidneys, heart, lungs, nervous system, blood elements, and serosal membranes. SLE is characterized by cytokine dysregulation, polyclonal B-cell activation, autoantibody production, and increased immune complex formation due to aberrations involving hyperactive B cells, T cells, and cells of the monocytic lineage. The symptoms of SLE are often diverse and nonspecific, and timely identification of SLE and associated comorbidities in patients is critical as aggressive monitoring and therapy may be warranted especially in patients with poor prognoses. Based on the up-to-date understanding of the pathophysiology of SLE, the first targeted biological agent, belimumab, has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in more than 50 years, and many targeted agents are being evaluated in late-stage clinical trials. There is a clear need to discuss how and when to incorporate the new and emerging biological agents in managing patients with SLE. Additionally, the potential for increased risk of infections is a factor that heavily influences the rheumatologist’s decision to use biological agents in managing patients with SLE. Hence, in this roundtable educational activity, expert faculty will review and discuss the strategies for timely diagnosis of SLE and associated comorbidities. They will also discuss the current understanding of the pathophysiology of SLE and how the new and emerging biological agents help address the underlying pathophysiological aberrations in patients with SLE. The faculty will also review strategies to minimize the risk of infections and other toxicities in patients with SLE.
    Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism 10/2014; 44(2). DOI:10.1016/j.semarthrit.2014.09.013 · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    Arthritis Research & Therapy 09/2014; 16(Suppl 1):A49-A49. DOI:10.1186/ar4665 · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    Jill P Buyon · Peter Izmirly · Deborah Friedman · Joshua Copel ·

    Arthritis Research & Therapy 09/2014; 16(Suppl 1):A15-A15. DOI:10.1186/ar4631 · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Anti-C1q has been associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and lupus nephritis in previous studies. We studied anti-C1q specificity for SLE (vs rheumatic disease controls) and the association with SLE manifestations in an international multicenter study. METHODS: Information and blood samples were obtained in a cross-sectional study from patients with SLE (n = 308) and other rheumatologic diseases (n = 389) from 25 clinical sites (84% female, 68% Caucasian, 17% African descent, 8% Asian, 7% other). IgG anti-C1q against the collagen-like region was measured by ELISA. RESULTS: Prevalence of anti-C1q was 28% (86/308) in patients with SLE and 13% (49/389) in controls (OR = 2.7, 95% CI: 1.8-4, p < 0.001). Anti-C1q was associated with proteinuria (OR = 3.0, 95% CI: 1.7-5.1, p < 0.001), red cell casts (OR = 2.6, 95% CI: 1.2-5.4, p = 0.015), anti-dsDNA (OR = 3.4, 95% CI: 1.9-6.1, p < 0.001) and anti-Smith (OR = 2.8, 95% CI: 1.5-5.0, p = 0.01). Anti-C1q was independently associated with renal involvement after adjustment for demographics, ANA, anti-dsDNA and low complement (OR = 2.3, 95% CI: 1.3-4.2, p < 0.01). Simultaneously positive anti-C1q, anti-dsDNA and low complement was strongly associated with renal involvement (OR = 14.9, 95% CI: 5.8-38.4, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Anti-C1q was more common in patients with SLE and those of Asian race/ethnicity. We confirmed a significant association of anti-C1q with renal involvement, independent of demographics and other serologies. Anti-C1q in combination with anti-dsDNA and low complement was the strongest serological association with renal involvement. These data support the usefulness of anti-C1q in SLE, especially in lupus nephritis. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.
    Lupus 08/2014; 24(1). DOI:10.1177/0961203314547791 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transplacental transfer of maternal anti-Ro and/or anti-La autoantibodies can result in fetal cardiac disease including congenital heart block and cardiomyopathy, called cardiac Neonatal Lupus (NL). Thousands of women are faced with the risk of cardiac NL in their offspring, which is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There are no known therapies to permanently reverse third degree heart block in NL, although several treatments have shown some effectiveness in incomplete heart block and disease beyond the atrioventricular node. Fluorinated steroids taken during pregnancy have shown benefit in these situations, although adverse effects may be concerning. Published data are discordant on the efficacy of fluorinated steroids in the prevention of mortality in cardiac NL. β-agonists have been used to increase fetal heart rates in utero. The endurance of β-agonist effect and its impact on mortality are in question, but when used in combination with other therapies, they may provide benefit. No controlled experiments regarding the use of plasmapheresis in cardiac NL have been performed, despite its theoretical benefits. Intravenous immunoglobulin was not shown to prevent cardiac NL at a dose of 400 mg/kg, although it has shown effectiveness in the treatment of associated cardiomyopathy both in utero and after birth. Retrospective studies have shown that hydroxychloroquine may prevent the recurrence of cardiac NL in families with a previously affected child, and a prospective open-label trial is currently recruiting patients in order to fully evaluate this relationship.
    Cardiology in Review 07/2014; 22(6). DOI:10.1097/CRD.0000000000000026 · 2.41 Impact Factor

  • 69th Annual Meeting of the Canadian-Rheumatology-Association (CRA); 07/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To compare the performance characteristics of cell-bound complement (C4d) activation products (CBCAPS) on erythrocyte (EC4d) and B cells (BC4d) with antibodies to double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) and complement C3 and C4 in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods The study enrolled 794 subjects consisting of 304 SLE and a control group consisting of 285 patients with other rheumatic diseases and 205 normal individuals. Anti-dsDNA and other autoantibodies were measured using solid-phase immunoassays while EC4d and BC4d were determined using flow cytometry. Complement proteins were determined using immunoturbidimetry. Disease activity in SLE was determined using a non-serological Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index SELENA Modification. A two-tiered methodology combining CBCAPS with autoantibodies to cellular and citrullinated antigens was also developed. Statistical analyses used area under receiver operating characteristic curves and calculations of area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity and specificity. Results AUC for EC4d (0.82±0.02) and BC4d (0.84±0.02) was higher than those yielded by C3 (0.73±0.02) and C4 (0.72±0.02) (p<0.01). AUC for CBCAPS was also higher than the AUC yielded by anti-dsDNA (0.79±0.02), but significance was only achieved for BC4d (p<0.01). The combination of EC4d and BC4d in multivariate testing methodology with anti-dsDNA and autoantibodies to cellular and citrullinated antigens yielded 80% sensitivity for SLE and specificity ranging from 70% (Sjogren's syndrome) to 92% (rheumatoid arthritis) (98% vs. normal). A higher proportion of patients with SLE with higher levels of disease activity tested positive for elevated CBCAPS, reduced complement and anti-dsDNA (p<0.03). Conclusions CBCAPS have higher sensitivity than standard complement and anti-dsDNA measurements, and may help with the differential diagnosis of SLE in combination with other autoantibodies.
    06/2014; 1(1):e000056. DOI:10.1136/lupus-2014-000056
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    ABSTRACT: Noninvasive carotid measurements have independent value in the estimation of future cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Natural IgM-antibodies to phosphorylcholine (PC) epitopes can enhance apoptotic-cell clearance and induce anti-inflammatory pathways. Herein, we show that subclinical CV disease, as detected by carotid ultrasound, in a cross-sectional SLE cohort was associated with lower levels of IgM anti-PC, as well as lower levels of the ratio of IgM anti-PC/total IgM, compared to patients without plaque (p=0.004 and p=0.02, respectively).The IgM anti-PC/total IgM association remained significant after adjusting for age, cholesterol and hypertension. Adiponectin and sE-selectin were significantly elevated in patients with plaque, and statistical models showed that combining adiponectin, sE-selectin and IgM anti-PC/total IgM was better for predicting plaque than either test alone. These results support the hypothesis that IgM-natural autoantibodies may inhibit atherogenesis, and confirms the utility of IgM anti-PC levels as a biomarker for subclinical CV disease.
    Clinical Immunology 04/2014; 153(1). DOI:10.1016/j.clim.2014.03.017 · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    Jill Buyon · Ronald van Vollenhoven ·

    04/2014; 1(1):e000033. DOI:10.1136/lupus-2014-000033

Publication Stats

11k Citations
1,586.70 Total Impact Points


  • 1984-2015
    • CUNY Graduate Center
      New York, New York, United States
  • 1988-2014
    • NYU Langone Medical Center
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Division of Rheumatology
      New York, New York, United States
  • 2013
    • Hospital for Special Surgery
      New York City, New York, United States
    • Idera Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1995-2013
    • Johns Hopkins Medicine
      • Department of Pathology
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
    • The Scripps Research Institute
      • Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine
      La Jolla, CA, United States
    • University of Toronto
      • Division of Rheumatology
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2011
    • The Children’s Hospital at Montefiore (CHAM)
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2009
    • New York Medical College
      • Department of Pediatrics
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2007
    • Toronto Western Hospital
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    • Albert Einstein College of Medicine
      New York, New York, United States
  • 2006
    • Treatment Research Institute, Philadelphia PA
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1992-2006
    • Johns Hopkins University
      • Department of Medicine
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
    • Bellevue University
      Bellevue, Nebraska, United States
    • State University of New York Downstate Medical Center
      • Department of Medicine
      Brooklyn, New York, United States
  • 2005
    • Howard Hughes Medical Institute
      Ashburn, Virginia, United States
  • 2003
    • New York University
      • Medicine
      New York City, NY, United States
  • 2002
    • University of Colorado
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Denver, Colorado, United States
  • 1997
    • Gracie Square Hospital, New York, NY
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 1994
    • Columbia University
      • Department of Pediatrics
      New York, New York, United States
  • 1993
    • Childrens Hospital of Pittsburgh
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1991
    • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
      • Department of Medicine
      Chapel Hill, NC, United States
  • 1989
    • The Rockefeller University
      New York City, New York, United States
    • The New York Academy of Sciences
      New York City, New York, United States

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