J Sano

Nippon Medical School, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (37)61.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Multiple angioscopic yellow plaques are associated with diffuse atherosclerotic plaque, and may be prevalent in patients with myocardial infarction (MI), so in the present study the yellow plaques in the coronary arteries of patients with MI was evaluated using quantitative colorimetry, and compared with those of patients with stable angina (SA). In the recorded angioscopic images of 3 coronary vessels in 29 patients (15 patients with MI, 14 with SA), yellow plaques were determined as visually yellow regions with b* value >0 (yellow color intensity) measured by the quantitative colorimetric method. A total of 90 yellow plaques were identified (b* =19.35+/-8.3, 3.05-45.35). Yellow plaques were significantly more prevalent in 14 (93%) of 15 culprit lesions of MI as compared with 8 (57%) of 14 of SA (p=0.03). In non-culprit segments, yellow plaques were similarly prevalent in 13 (87%) patients with MI and 11 (79%) with SA (p=0.65). Overall, multiple (> or =2) yellow plaques were prevalent in 13 (87%) patients with MI, similar to the 10 (71%) with SA (p=0.38). The number of yellow plaques was significantly higher in patients with MI (3.8+/-1.9) than in those with SA (2.4+/-1.6, p=0.03). The present study suggests that patients with MI tend to have diffuse atherosclerotic plaque in their coronary arteries.
    Circulation Journal 03/2008; 72(3):399-403. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been reported that green tea consumption reduces the risk of coronary artery disease and cardiac events. Catechin is a major constituent of Japanese green tea and an antioxidant. Lipids and oxidization of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) play important roles in atherosclerosis. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of catechin intake on the lipid profile and plasma oxidized LDL. The study population consisted of 40 healthy adult volunteers (10 men, 30 women). Catechin was extracted from green tea leaves. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups, a catechin group (n = 29) and a control group (n = 11). In the catechin group, catechin (500 mg: equivalent to 6 or 7 cups of green tea) was administered orally. Venous blood samples were obtained before eating a meal at the start and after 4 weeks without any lifestyle modification. Plasma oxidized LDL assay was performed with a sandwich-type enzyme immunoassay using anti-oxidized phosphatidylcholine monoclonal antibody. The baseline lipid profiles and tea consumptions were similar between the two groups. Plasma oxidized LDL was significantly decreased after catechin administration (from 9.56 +/- 9.2 to 7.76 +/- 7.7 U/mL, P = 0.005), while plasma LDL-C, triglyceride, and HDL-C concentrations did not change. Catechin decreased the plasma oxidized LDL concentration without significant change in plasma LDL concentration. The mechanism of the beneficial effects of green tea on coronary artery disease might result from a decrease in plasma oxidized LDL.
    International Heart Journal 12/2007; 48(6):725-32. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dietary therapy using phytosterols can reinforce statin treatment; however the value of a low-dose combination of those agents remains to be investigated. Plant sterols (PS), dissolved in diacylglycerol (DAG) oil, (PS/DAG) can be effective at a relatively low dose. The objective of the present study was to examine the effect of PS/DAG oil on blood cholesterol concentrations in hypercholesterolemic outpatients on low-dose pravastatin (10 mg/day). The patients (n=61) were randomly assigned to one of three groups, who consumed TAG (control), DAG or PS/DAG oil. The average intake of PS from the PS/DAG oil during the test period was significantly higher than that for TAG and DAG oils (502 vs. 49 and 38 mg/day, P<0.05). Significant cholesterol-lowering effects from the baseline were observed in the case of the PS/DAG oil treatment alone. Changes in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol were inversely correlated with baseline serum campesterol concentrations (r=-0.560, P<0.05), but not baseline LDL cholesterol concentrations. In addition, serum apolipoprotein B concentrations were reduced to a greater extent in subjects with high versus low levels of baseline campesterol (-13.2 mg/dL vs. -3.1 mg/dL, P<0.05). Furthermore, there was a mild, but significant reduction in serum lipoprotein (a) concentration from the baseline (-5.9 mg/dL), which was correlated with the reduction in serum apolipoprotein B concentration (r=0.596, P<0.05). A low-dose combination of PS/DAG oil and pravastatin may be a useful strategy for further ameliorating blood cholesterol and lipoprotein (a) concentrations for hypercholesterolemic patients with a low response to pravastatin.
    Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD 11/2007; 18(7):483-91. · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study assessed left ventricular performance during dobutamine stress measured using gated SPECT, and compared the results to myocardial perfusion and fatty acid metabolism. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with myocardial infarction given (99m)Tc-sestamibi or (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin were examined by gated SPECT at rest and during dobutamine stress (4-20 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)). After acquiring data at the highest dose, 201TlCl was injected and dual-isotope SPECT was performed to assess myocardial ischemia. Thirty of 36 patients also underwent myocardial SPECT with 123I-BMIPP. Regional wall motion changes during dobutamine infusion were determined from the gated SPECT data and classified as: (1) Improvement, (2) Worsening, (3) No change, and (4) Biphasic response. For myocardial segments of each infarct area, stress 201Tl, rest (99m)Tc and (123)I-BMIPP uptakes were graded on a five-point scoring system of defects from 0 (normal) to 4 (grossly defective). RESULTS: Rest 99mTc defect score index (DSI) in No change area was significantly higher than that in Biphasic area. The ADSI (stress 201Tl - rest (99m)Tc) in Biphasic area was significantly higher than those in Improvement and No change areas. The deltaDSI (BMIPP - (99m)Tc) in Worsening area tended to be higher than that in No Change area. Conclusions: Regional contractile response to dobutamine stress analyzed by gated SPECT showed that the response in-myocardial infarct areas could be classified by rest and stress myocardial perfusion and BMIPP accumulation.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 08/2005; 19(5):379-86. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, it has been reported that circulating oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) might be a pivotal indicator for coronary artery disease and the severity of acute coronary syndromes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of statins on Ox-LDL in patients with hypercholesterolemia. Sixteen patients with hypercholesterolemia were randomly assigned to 2 groups, one received 10 mg of pravastatin (n = 8) and the other received 20 mg of fluvastatin (n = 8). The plasma level of Ox-LDL was measured using a newly developed sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. There were no differences between the two groups in Ox-LDL, total cholesterol (TC), or LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) at the baseline. The reduction in Ox-LDL in the fluvastatin group was significantly higher than that in the pravastatin group (47.5% versus 25.2%, P = 0.033). The reductions in TC and LDL-C did not differ between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The present study has shown for the first time that the level of circulating Ox-LDL was significantly decreased by treatment with statins. In addition, the lowering effect of statins on the circulating Ox-LDL was independent of their lipid-lowering effect. Fluvastatin was more effective than pravastatin with regard to decreasing the circulating Ox-LDL.
    Japanese Heart Journal 12/2004; 45(6):969-75. · 0.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Green tea, a popular beverage in Japan, contains many polyphenolic antioxidants, which might prevent atherosclerosis. This study was designed to determine whether the consumption of green tea is proportionately associated with a decreased incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular prognosis. The study group comprised 203 patients who underwent coronary angiography (109 patients with significant coronary stenosis and 94 patients without). Predictors for CAD were analyzed and the patients' cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events were followed. Green tea consumption was significantly higher in patients without CAD than in those with CAD (5.9+/-0.5 vs 3.5+/-0.3 cups/day; p<0.001). An inverse relationship between the intake of green tea and the incidence of CAD was observed (p<0.001). The green tea intake per day was an independent predictor for CAD based on a multivariate logistic regression analysis (odds ratio: 0.84 and 95% confidence interval: 0.76-0.91). In contrast, the green tea intake was not a predictor of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events based on the Cox proportional hazard model. Green tea consumption was associated with a lower incidence of CAD in the present study population in Japan. Therefore, the more green tea patients consume, the less likely they are to have CAD.
    Circulation Journal 07/2004; 68(7):665-70. · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2004; 43(5).
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2003; 4(2):278-278.
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    ABSTRACT: The present study evaluates left ventricular performance during exercise by ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT with short-time data collection. The study population consisted of 10 healthy volunteers (Group N) and 9 patients with ischemic heart disease (Group I). Seven patients in Group I had a history of prior myocardial infarction. Rest ECG-gated SPECT was performed 40 min after an injection of Tc-99m-tetrofosmin (555-740 MBq). After resting data acquisition, Group N underwent up to two 5-min stages of exercise (75 and 125 watts) on a detachable bicycle ergometer. The Group I patients all underwent symptom-limited, maximal testing on the ergometer. ECG-gated SPECT data were acquired from both groups for 3 min at rest and during the last 3 min of each exercise stage. Significant increases occurred in LVEF from rest to peak stress in both groups (from 55.4 +/- 5.8 to 66.6 +/- 4.1% in group N, p < 0.0001; from 49.0 +/- 12.8 to 56.7 +/- 13.8% in Group I, p < 0.001). The LVESV values significantly decreased to peak stress in Group N (from 49.9 +/- 13.1 to 37.8 +/- 10.0 ml, p < 0.0001), whereas LVEDV did not change (from 110.6 +/- 18.9 to 112.0 +/- 19.0 ml). In contrast, the LVESV values at rest and under peak stress were similar in Group I (from 52.6 +/- 23.9 to 51.7 +/- 31.4 ml) and LVEDV in Group I at peak exercise tended to increase (from 102.8 +/- 36.7 to 111.3 +/- 39.0 ml). The changes in LVESV from rest to peak stress were significantly different between Groups N and I (-12.1 +/- 6.3 vs. -0.9 +/- 11.6 ml, p < 0.02). ECG-gated SPECT with short-time data collection can assess left ventricular function during exercise and may offer useful information for evaluating patients with ischemic heart disease.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 07/2002; 16(5):329-35. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multigated equilibrium radionuclide ventriculography from best septal position (LAO view) was performed in 17 patients with cardiac disease with a single detector Anger-type gamma camera (GCA 602A, Toshiba), then immediately imaged with a solid-state, multi-crystal gamma camera (Digirad 2020tc Imager). Acquisition times were the same of 10 minutes. The solid-state gamma camera uses CsI(Tl) as the scintillation material and a Si photodiode. CsI(Tl) has a higher density and higher atomic number than NaI(Tl), so that its efficiency for detecting gamma rays is higher. To confirm this, total acquisition counts in 17 patients obtained from the 2020tc Imager were significantly higher than those obtained from the Anger-type camera (7847 +/- 2061 K vs. 4427 +/- 1162 K counts, p < 0.0001). In comparing left ventricular ejection fractions obtained from the Anger-type camera and the 2020tc Imager data, an excellent correlation was revealed with a correlation coefficient of 0.97 (p < 0.0001). Again, peak ejection rate and peak filling rate obtained from the 2020tc Imager data correlated well with those obtained from the Anger-type camera data (r = 0.93, p < 0.0001 and r = 0.80, p < 0.001, respectively). These data reveal that the 2020tc Imager has an excellent data collection efficiency and a high reliability in assessment of left ventricular function. Thus, the solid-state gamma camera was thought to be a useful hardware in nuclear cardiology.
    Kaku igaku. The Japanese journal of nuclear medicine 06/2001; 38(3):249-54.
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    ABSTRACT: 123I-labeled 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3R,S-methyl pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) is a branched-chain free fatty acid that is used to evaluate various cardiac diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between myocardial perfusion (99mTc-sestamibi) and BMIPP uptake, and to correlate perfusion and metabolic alterations with regional left ventricular dysfunction in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). ECG-gated dual-isotope myocardial SPECT was performed on 130 patients with MI with sestamibi (555 MBq) and BMIPP (148 MBq). The patients were classified into 3 groups according to PTCA therapy and the interval between the onset of infarction and RI injection (OR time). Group A (n = 56) included patients whose OR time was less than one month and who had undergone successful PTCA, Group B (n = 36) had OR times of less than one month and had conservative medical therapy, and Group C (n = 38) had OR times of over one month. The severity scores of the dual-isotope images were calculated from the defect scores in 9 segments. From the ECG-gated SPECT data with sestamibi, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF; %) and regional wall motion were determined automatically using the QGS program LVEF obtained from gated SPECT correlated well with the severity scores for sestamibi and BMIPP (r = -0.68 and -0.76, respectively). The delta severity scores (BMIPP scores - sestamibi scores) of Group A were significantly higher than those of the other two groups (3.6 +/- 3.0 vs. 1.5 +/- 1.7 and 1.0 +/- 1.4, p < 0.001 ). The rate of dysfunctional segments with normal sestamihi distribution was significantly higher in Group A than in Group C (20.7% vs. 6.7%, p < 0.001). ECG-gated dual-isotope SPECT is useful since myocardial perfusion, fatty acid metabolism and left ventricular function can be analyzed during a single examination, so that this procedure has the potential to provide comprehensive information when evaluating patients with ischemic heart disease.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 12/2000; 14(6):453-9. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the effect of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (MCSF) on atherogenesis in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), we assessed the relation between the plasma concentration of MCSF and the incidence of acute coronary events in patients with CAD. Cytokines such as MCSF play a central role in inflammatory and proliferative responses in patients with acute coronary syndromes. However, the effect of MCSF on the clinical course in patients with CAD is still not known. We measured the plasma MCSF concentration in 142 patients with documented CAD (62 +/- 9 years) and followed up for a mean period of 14 +/- 6 months. The study included 97 patients with stable angina (SA), 45 patients with unstable angina (UA) and 22 age-matched control subjects. The predictors of coronary events were analyzed by using a Cox proportional hazards model. The mean plasma MCSF concentration in patients with UA was significantly higher than that in patients with SA and in control subjects (981 +/- 277 vs. 693 +/- 223 vs. 680 +/- 158 pg/ml, p < 0.001). The mean plasma MCSF concentration in the 20 patients with coronary events was significantly higher than that in patients without coronary events (1,192 +/- 232 vs. 690 +/- 213 pg/ml, p < 0.001). The predictors of unfavorable outcome were an increased MCSF concentration, the presence of CAD and a low ejection fraction. These findings suggest that an increased circulating MCSF concentration reflects atherosclerotic progression in patients with CAD and predicts future cardiac events.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 03/2000; 35(3):655-65. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There have been several case reports, a total of 22 up to the present, of toxoplasma pericarditis. Out of them, in only a few cases the diagnosis was properly made with a proof of the microscopic presence of Toxoplasma gondii. This is the first report of toxoplasma pericarditis in which the presence of Toxoplasma gondii was detected by polymerase chain reaction of pericardial effusion. In addition, the previous reports will be reviewed, and compared to this present case. A 29-year-old woman, without immunosuppressant disorder, suffering from fever and orthopnea was admitted to our hospital. Blood chemistry findings indicated mild liver dysfunction and inflammation. Chest radiography showed cardiac enlargement. Electrocardiography showed sinus tachycardia and ST elevation. Echocardiography revealed a massive pericardial effusion. Pericardiocentesis demonstrated 638 ml of bloody fluid. Cytologic study of the fluid was class II for malignancy, and polymerase chain reaction to tuberculosis was negative. However, a high titer of the anti-toxoplasma antibody of 1: 20,480 (passive hemagglutination) indicated pericarditis caused by Toxoplasma gondii. Subsequently, Toxoplasma gondii was identified in the pericardial effusion by polymerase chain reaction. Clinical symptoms improved after pericardiocentesis, but 2 months later pericarditis recurred. Treatment was started with 800 mg acetylspiramycin daily but failed to improve the symptoms. Because of the development of pleuritis, treatment was changed to sulfadoxine 1,000 mg/pyrimethamine 50 mg. After the treatment with them, her symptoms improved. Only 22 cases of toxoplasma pericarditis have been reported worldwide and 15 of those cases were without immunosuppressant disorder. The usual symptoms at the onset of pericarditis without immunosuppressant disorder are fever, dyspnea and chest pain. Seven patients developed cardiac tamponade. Pericardiocentesis was performed in 8 cases and the pericardial fluid was hemorrhagic in 6. Pericardial thickening was detected in 5 cases. The diagnosis of toxoplasma infection is very difficult, because asymptomatic infection of Toxoplasma gondii is very common. Pericarditis is a disease difficult to confirm the etiology. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii in pericardial effusion by the polymerase chain reaction is very useful for its diagnosis.
    Journal of Cardiology 02/2000; 35(1):47-54. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ECG-gated myocardial Technetium-99m sestamibi SPECT is a useful technique to measure myocardial perfusion and function simultaneously. In this study, wall thickening (WT) and regional ejection fraction (rEF) using ECG-gated SPECT have been studied to determine which parameter would be more sensitive to detect coronary artery stenosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Forty-five patients (36 men, 9 women, mean age 63 +/- 9 years old) with AMI were examined. CAG was performed for all patients. ECG-gated SPECT was performed 60 min after the intravenous injection of 555 MBq 99mTc-sestamibi at rest. Commercially available software (QGS) was used to produce WT and rEF polar maps from acquired SPECT data. The WT and rEF polar maps were evaluated visually and quantitatively. WT indicated higher sensitivity (80.3% vs. 59.1%, p < 0.05) and accuracy (86.7% vs. 74.8%, p < 0.05) than rEF for detecting overall coronary artery stenosis on visual interpretation. On quantitative analysis, WT had higher specificity (91.3% vs. 75.4%, p < 0.05) and accuracy (85.9% vs. 72.6%, p < 0.05) than rEF for detecting overall coronary artery stenosis, and showed a higher specificity (93.8% vs. 59.4%, p < 0.01) and accuracy (88.9% vs. 62.2%, p < 0.01) for detecting LCX stenosis. Moreover, sensitivity of WT for detecting coronary artery stenosis without infarction was higher than that of rEF significantly in quantitative analysis (75.0% vs. 31.3%, p < 0.05). These results suggested that WT was superior to rEF for detecting the coronary artery stenosis in patients with and without myocardial infarction. We concluded that WT is more sensitive indicator to determine localization of regional left ventricular dysfunction in AMI than rEF.
    Kaku igaku. The Japanese journal of nuclear medicine 07/1999; 36(5):435-43.
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    ABSTRACT: 99Tcm-labelled myocardial perfusion tracers allow simultaneous assessment of myocardial perfusion and left ventricular function using ECG-gated SPET. The aim of this study was to evaluate left ventricular performance during exercise by means of ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPET. After the administration of 99Tcm-tetrofosmin (555-740 MBq), eight healthy volunteers aged 27-49 years underwent ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPET at rest and during supine submaximal exercise (75 and 125 W), for 3 min each. Using ECG-gated SPET data, left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) demonstrated a biphasic response during exercise (from 106.4 +/- 17.5 to 119.9 +/- 19.9 to 108.1 +/- 19.2 ml). In contrast, left ventricular end-systolic volume decreased gradually and significantly during exercise (from 47.1 +/- 11.9 to 41.5 +/- 8.9 to 36.1 +/- 10.1 ml; P < 0.05), and left ventricular ejection fraction continued to increase at higher workloads (from 56.1 +/- 6.0 to 63.0 +/- 2.7 to 67.0 +/- 4.3; P < 0.01) despite a fall in LVEDV. There was a progressive increase in cardiac output during exercise, which reached a peak of 7.2 +/- 0.9 l.min-1. We conclude that ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPET can assess left ventricular function during exercise and may provide useful information for the evaluation of patients with ischaemic heart disease.
    Nuclear Medicine Communications 05/1999; 20(5):427-32. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 123I-iodophenyl-9-methyl-pentadecanoic acid (9MPA) is a modified long-chain (15 carbons) fatty acid with a methyl branch on its 9 carbon location. Myocardial SPECT images (two sets, 10 min each) were obtained starting 10 min (early phase) and 50 min (delay phase) after the injection of 160 MBq 123I-9MPA at rest in 10 patients with acute myocardial infarction. The segmental myocardial uptake (% uptake) and clearance (% washout) from early to delay image were calculated by the SPECT data. ECG-gated myocardial SPECT with 99mTc-sestamibi was also performed and segmental left ventricular (LV) wall motion was evaluated using QGS (quantitative gated SPECT) program. The % uptake of LV segments with hypokinetic or akinetic wall motion were significantly lower than those with normokinesis (p < 0.01) for both early and delay phases. The % washout of hypokinetic segments were significantly lower than those of normokinetic regions (p < 0.01), while the % washout of akinetic segments were significantly higher than those of severely hypokinetic segments (p < 0.05). Thus, 123I-9MPA myocardial distribution and clearance thought to be associated with left ventricular regional wall motion.
    Kaku igaku. The Japanese journal of nuclear medicine 04/1999; 36(3):241-8.
  • Journal of Nuclear Cardiology 01/1999; 6(1). · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The relationship between autonomic nervous system activity (ANA) and coronary vasoreactivity during transient myocardial ischemia was determined in patients with vasospastic angina (VA). ANA was measured by power spectral analysis of heart rate variability and humoral factors following intravenous infusion of insulin in 24 patients with VA and 6 control patients. Nine (38%) of the VA patients had significant ST segment depression (STD), and 4 of these patients had symptomatic STD. The frequency of anginal episodes in the 9 patients with VA and STD was significantly greater than that in the 15 VA patients without STD (3.4 +/- 3.1 vs 0.5 +/- 0.8 episodes/week, p < 0.05). The increase in the LF/HF ratio 30 min after insulin injection in patients with STD was significantly greater than that in patients without STD (34 +/- 31% vs 4 +/- 34%, p < 0.05). All of the patients with VA and STD had significant coronary vasospasm in response to the infusion of < or = 20 micrograms of acetylcholine, higher levels of nocturnal parasympathetic activity, and greater norepinephrine production in response to insulin stimulation than the VA patients without STD. These findings suggest that increased vagal tone and hyperreactivity to adrenergic stimulation may trigger vasospasm in patients with VA.
    Japanese Circulation Journal 10/1998; 62(10):721-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Into 25 patients with heart disorders, 99mTc-tetrofosmin 555-740 MBq was injected intravenously at rest. After 40 minutes, ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT was performed with a two detector gamma camera VERTEX (ADAC), setting up two detectors to form a 90-degree angle. Sixteen frames per R-R interval were acquired during a 180 degree rotation from the RAO 45 degrees to the LPO 45 degrees. A pair of data sets with standard (SDA) and rapid data acquisition (RDA) protocols was collected. In an SDA protocol, SPECT imaging was performed for 50 sec per step in 5 degree angular steps (total acquisition time; 15 minutes). An RDA protocol was conducted with 12 sec per step, 6 degree angular steps (acquisition time, 3 minutes). LVEF (%) and LVEDV (ml) quantitated automatically with a QGS program showed excellent correlations between two protocols with correlation coefficients of 0.980 (p < 0.01) and 0.983 (p < 0.01), respectively. Subsequently visual assessment of regional wall motion based on a four-point grading system was carried out with a 3-D cine LV display. High complete agreement was gained with 158 (90.3%) out of total 175 segments, so that assessment of the global and regional LV function with the RDA protocol demonstrated high reliability and feasibility.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 04/1998; 12(2):71-5. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Non-invasive assessment of ischemic heart disease requires information of both LV function and myocardial perfusion. Recently, ECG-gated myocardial SPECT with technetium-labeled radiopharma-ceuticals can provide both of them. Gated myocardial SPECT were performed in thirty-three patients with cardiac disease using a two-headed rotating gamma camera system (ADAC; VERTEX), 30-60 minutes after resting injection of 555-740 MBq of 99mTc-Tetrofosmin. Then, the SPECT data were used to determine the LV epi- and endocardial surface, and LV volume for measurement of LVEF was calculated automatically. This entire computational process required only 210 seconds per 16 frame study. Interobserver agreement of EF values obtained from gated SPECT was excellent (r = 0.996, n = 10, p < 0.01). LVEFs obtained from gated SPECT showed good correlation to those calculated from radionuclide ventriculography (MUGA) (r = 0.91, p < 0.01). In conclusion, this automatic method using gated myocardial SPECT data was considered to be useful for assessment of LV function with reproducibility.
    Kaku igaku. The Japanese journal of nuclear medicine 04/1997; 34(4):237-42.

Publication Stats

325 Citations
61.07 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1979–2008
    • Nippon Medical School
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Department of Radiology
      • • Department of Pathology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1988–1990
    • The University of Tokyo
      • Division of Internal Medicine
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan