Fatiha Tabet

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Michigan, United States

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Publications (25)132.2 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Physiological and pathological roles for small non-encoding miRNAs (microRNAs) in the cardiovascular system have recently emerged and are now widely studied. The discovery of widespread functions of miRNAs has increased the complexity of gene-regulatory processes and networks in both the cardiovascular system and cardiovascular diseases. Indeed, it has recently been shown that miRNAs are implicated in the regulation of many of the steps leading to the development of cardiovascular disease. These findings represent novel aspects in miRNA biology and, therefore, our understanding of the role of these miRNAs during the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease is critical for the development of novel therapies and diagnostic interventions. The present review will focus on understanding how miRNAs are involved in the onset and development of cardiovascular diseases.
    Clinical Science 02/2014; 126(3):183-194. · 4.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives Do elevated PCSK9 levels constitute an even greater risk for people who already have reduced LDL receptor (LDLR) levels, such as heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemic (HeFH) patients? Background As a circulating inhibitor of the LDLR, PCSK9 is an attractive target to lower LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C). Methods Circulating PCSK9 was measured by ELISA in non-treated HeFH patients carrying either a D206E (n=237), V408M (n=117), or D154N (n=38) LDLR missense mutation and in normolipidemic controls (n=152). Skin fibroblasts and lymphocytes were isolated from a subset of patients and grown in 0·5% serum and mevastatin with increasing amounts of recombinant PCSK9. LDLR abundance at the cell surface was determined by flow cytometry. Results PCSK9 dose-dependently reduced LDLR expression in control and FH fibroblasts to similar extents, by up to 77±8% and 82±7%. Likewise, PCSK9 reduced LDLR abundance by 39±8% in non-FH and by 45±10% in HeFH lymphocytes, irrespective of their LDLR mutation status. We found positive correlations of the same magnitude between PCSK9 and LDL-C in controls (β=0·22, p=0·0003), D206E ( β=0·20, p=0·0002), V408M ( β=0·24, p=0·0002), and D154N ( β=0·25, p=0·048) HeFH patients. The strengths of these associations were all similar. Conclusion Elevated PCSK9 levels are equally detrimental for HeFH and non-FH patients: a 100ng/mL increase in PCSK9 will lead to an increase in LDL-C of 0·20-0·25mmol/L in controls and HeFH alike, irrespective of their LDLR mutation. This explains why non-FH and HeFH patients respond equally well to monoclonal antibodies targeting PCSK9.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 01/2014; · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High-density lipoproteins (HDL) have many biological functions, including reducing endothelial activation and adhesion molecule expression. We recently reported that HDL transport and deliver functional microRNAs (miRNA). Here we show that HDL suppresses expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) through the transfer of miR-223 to endothelial cells. After incubation of endothelial cells with HDL, mature miR-223 levels are significantly increased in endothelial cells and decreased on HDL. However, miR-223 is not transcribed in endothelial cells and is not increased in cells treated with HDL from miR-223(-/-) mice. HDL inhibit ICAM-1 protein levels, but not in cells pretreated with miR-223 inhibitors. ICAM-1 is a direct target of HDL-transferred miR-223 and this is the first example of an extracellular miRNA regulating gene expression in cells where it is not transcribed. Collectively, we demonstrate that HDL's anti-inflammatory properties are conferred, in part, through HDL-miR-223 delivery and translational repression of ICAM-1 in endothelial cells.
    Nature Communications 01/2014; 5:3292. · 10.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study shows whether high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) and apolipoprotein A-I inhibit joint inflammation in streptococcal cell wall peptidoglycan-polysaccharide (PG-PS)-induced arthritis in female Lewis rats. Administration of PG-PS to female Lewis rats caused acute joint inflammation after 4 days, followed by remission by day 8. The animals subsequently developed chronic joint inflammation that persisted until euthanized at day 21. Treatment with apolipoprotein A-I 24 hours before and after PG-PS administration reduced the acute and chronic joint inflammation. Treatment with apolipoprotein A-I at days 7, 9, and 11 after PG-PS administration reduced the chronic joint inflammation. Treatment with apolipoprotein A-I or reconstituted HDLs consisting of apolipoprotein A-I complexed with phosphatidylcholine 24 hours before and at days 1, 7, 9, and 11 after PG-PS administration reduced acute and chronic joint inflammation. Treatment with apolipoprotein A-I also reduced the inflammatory white blood cell count, synovial fluid proinflammatory cytokine levels, synovial tissue macrophage accumulation, as well as toll-like receptor 2, and inflammatory cytokine expression. At the molecular level, preincubation of human monocyte-derived macrophages with apolipoprotein A-I or reconstituted HDLs before PG-PS stimulation inhibited the PG-PS-induced increase in toll-like receptor 2 and myeloid differentiation primary response gene (88) mRNA levels, nuclear factor-κB activation, and proinflammatory cytokine production. The effects of apolipoprotein A-I and reconstituted HDLs were abolished by transfecting the human monocyte-derived macrophages with ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 or G1 siRNA. Apolipoprotein A-I and reconstituted HDLs attenuate PG-PS-induced arthritis in the rat. Studies in human monocyte-derived macrophages indicate that this benefit may be because of the inhibition of toll-like receptor 2 expression and decreased nuclear factor-κB activation in macrophages.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 12/2013; · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether high levels of circulating proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) would increase cardiovascular risk in statin-treated patients. Statins activate low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor gene expression, thus lowering plasma LDL levels. But statins also activate the expression of PCSK9, a secreted inhibitor of the LDL receptor, thereby limiting their beneficial effects. We have measured the plasma PCSK9 levels of 1,613 patients with stable coronary heart disease enrolled in the Treating to New Targets study, a randomized trial that compared the efficacy of high- versus low-dose atorvastatin. After a run-in period with atorvastatin 10 mg daily, patients were randomized to either continue with 10 mg or be up-titrated to 80 mg of atorvastatin, and followed during 5 years for major cardiovascular events (MCVEs). Circulating PCSK9 levels measured at randomization were predictive of clinical outcomes in the group randomized to remain on atorvastatin 10 mg (p = 0.039), but not in the group that intensified atorvastatin treatment to 80 mg (p = 0.24). Further, PCSK9 levels measured 1 year post-randomization did not change upon increase of the statin dose. PCSK9 levels predict cardiovascular events in patients treated with low-dose atorvastatin. (A Study to Determine the Degree of Additional Reduction in CV Risk in Lowering LDL Below Minimum Target Levels [TNT]; NCT00327691).
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 05/2012; 59(20):1778-84. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The functional significance and regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase (Nox) isoforms by angiotensin II (Ang II) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was studied. Expression of Nox1, Nox2, and Nox4 (gene and protein) and NAD(P)H oxidase activity were increased in SHR. Basal NAD(P)H oxidase activity was blocked by GKT136901 (Nox1/4 inhibitor) and by Nox1 siRNA in WKY cells and by siNOX1 and siNOX2 in SHR. Whereas Ang II increased expression of all Noxes in WKY, only Nox1 was influenced in SHR. Ang II-induced NAD(P)H activity was inhibited by siNOX1 in WKY and by siNOX1 and siNOX2 in SHR. ET-1 upregulated Nox expression only in WKY and increased NAD(P)H oxidase activity, an effect inhibited by siNOX1 and siNOX2. Nox1 co-localized with Nox2 but not with Nox4, implicating association between Nox1 and Nox2 but not between Nox1 and Nox4. These data highlight the complexity of Nox biology in VSMCs, emphasising that more than one Nox member, alone or in association, may be involved in NAD(P)H oxidase-mediated •O(2)(-) production. Nox1 regulation by Ang II, but not by ET-1, may be important in •O(2)(-) formation in VSMCs from SHR.
    Journal of the American Society of Hypertension 03/2011; 5(3):137-53. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, in the lipid-free form or as a constituent of discoidal reconstituted high-density lipoproteins ([A-I]rHDL), inhibits high-glucose-induced redox signaling in human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDM). HMDM were incubated under normal (5.8 mmol/L) or high-glucose (25 mmol/L) conditions with native high-density lipoproteins (HDL) lipid-free apoA-I from normal subjects and from subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) or (A-I)rHDL. Superoxide (O2-) production was measured using dihydroethidium fluorescence. NADPH oxidase activity was assessed using lucigenin-derived chemiluminescence and a cyotochrome c assay. p47phox translocation to the plasma membrane, Nox2, superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), and SOD2 mRNA and protein levels were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Native HDL induced a time-dependent inhibition of O2- generation in HMDM incubated with 25 mmol/L glucose. Lipid-free apoA-I and (A-I)rHDL increased SOD1 and SOD2 levels and attenuated 25 mmol/L glucose-mediated increases in cellular O2-, NADPH oxidase activity, p47 translocation, and Nox2 expression. Lipid-free apoA-I mediated its effects on Nox2, SOD1, and SOD2 via ABCA1. (A-I)rHDL-mediated effects were via ABCG1 and scavenger receptor BI. Lipid-free apoA-I from subjects with T2D inhibited reactive oxygen species generation less efficiently than normal apoA-I. Native HDL, lipid-free apoA-I and (A-I)rHDL inhibit high-glucose-induced redox signaling in HMDM. The antioxidant properties of apoA-I are attenuated in T2D.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 02/2011; 31(5):1192-200. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes is characterized by impaired beta-cell secretory function, insulin resistance, reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels, and increased cardiovascular risk. Given the current interest in therapeutic interventions that raise HDLs levels, this study investigates the effects of HDLs on insulin secretion from beta-cells. Incubation of Min6 cells and primary islets under basal or high-glucose conditions with either apolipoprotein (apo) A-I or apoA-II in the lipid-free form, as a constituent of discoidal reconstituted HDLs (rHDLs), or with HDLs isolated from human plasma increased insulin secretion up to 5-fold in a calcium-dependent manner. The increase was time and concentration dependent. It was also K(ATP) channel and glucose metabolism dependent under high-glucose, but not low-glucose, conditions. The lipid-free apolipoprotein-mediated increase in insulin secretion was ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporter A1 and scavenger receptor-B1 dependent. The rHDL-mediated increase in insulin secretion was ABCG1 dependent. Exposure of beta-cells to lipid-free apolipoproteins also increased insulin mRNA expression and insulin secretion without significantly depleting intracellular insulin or cholesterol levels. These results establish that lipid-free and lipid-associated apoA-I and apoA-II increase beta-cell insulin secretion and indicate that interventions that raise HDLs levels may be beneficial in type 2 diabetes.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 05/2010; 30(8):1642-8. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of nonenzymatic glycation on the antiinflammatory properties of apolipoprotein (apo) A-I. Rabbits were infused with saline, lipid-free apoA-I from normal subjects (apoA-I(N)), lipid-free apoA-I nonenzymatically glycated by incubation with methylglyoxal (apoA-I(Glyc in vitro)), nonenzymatically glycated lipid-free apoA-I from subjects with diabetes (apoA-I(Glyc in vivo)), discoidal reconstituted high-density lipoproteins (rHDL) containing phosphatidylcholine and apoA-I(N), (A-I(N))rHDL, or apoA-I(Glyc in vitro), (A-I(Glyc in vitro))rHDL. At 24 hours postinfusion, acute vascular inflammation was induced by inserting a nonocclusive, periarterial carotid collar. The animals were euthanized 24 hours after the insertion of the collar. The collars caused intima/media neutrophil infiltration and increased endothelial expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). ApoA-I(N) infusion decreased neutrophil infiltration and VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression by 89%, 90%, and 66%, respectively. The apoA-I(Glyc in vitro) infusion decreased neutrophil infiltration by 53% but did not reduce VCAM-1 or ICAM-1 expression. ApoA-I(Glyc in vivo) did not inhibit neutrophil infiltration or adhesion molecule expression. (A-I(Glyc in vitro))rHDL also inhibited vascular inflammation less effectively than (A-I(N))rHDL. The reduced antiinflammatory properties of nonenzymatically glycated apoA-I were attributed to a reduced ability to inhibit nuclear factor-kappaB activation and reactive oxygen species formation. Nonenzymatic glycation impairs the antiinflammatory properties of apoA-I.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 04/2010; 30(4):766-72. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The apolipoprotein (apo)A-I mimetic peptide 5A is highly specific for ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC)A1-mediated cholesterol efflux. We investigated whether the 5A peptide shares other beneficial features of apoA-I, such as protection against inflammation and oxidation. Methods- New Zealand white rabbits received an infusion of apoA-I, reconstituted high-density lipoprotein (HDL) containing apoA-I ([A-I]rHDL), or the 5A peptide complexed with phospholipids (1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl phosphatidylcholine [PLPC]), before inserting a collar around the carotid artery. Human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) were incubated with (A-I)rHDL or 5A/PLPC before stimulation with tumor necrosis factor alpha. Results- ApoA-I, (A-I)rHDL, and 5A/PLPC reduced the collar-mediated increase in (1) endothelial expression of cell adhesion molecules vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1; (2) production, as well as the expression of the Nox4 catalytic subunits of the NADPH oxidase; and (3) infiltration of circulating neutrophils into the carotid intima-media. In HCAECs, both 5A/PLPC and (A-I)rHDL inhibited tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression, as well as the nuclear factor kappaB signaling cascade and production. The effects of the 5A/PLPC complex were no longer apparent in HCAECs knocked down for ABCA1. CONCLUSIONS: Like apoA-I, the 5A peptide inhibits acute inflammation and oxidative stress in rabbit carotids and HCAECs. In vitro, the 5A peptide exerts these beneficial effects through interaction with ABCA1.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 12/2009; 30(2):246-52. · 6.34 Impact Factor
  • Fatiha Tabet, Kerry-Anne Rye
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    ABSTRACT: Plasma levels of HDL (high-density lipoprotein)-cholesterol are strongly and inversely correlated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Both clinical and epidemiological studies have reported an inverse and independent association between serum HDL-cholesterol levels and CHD (coronary heart disease) risk. The cardioprotective effects of HDLs have been attributed to several mechanisms, including their involvement in the reverse cholesterol transport pathway. HDLs also have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic properties and promote endothelial repair, all of which are likely to contribute to their ability to prevent CHD. The first part of this review summarizes what is known about the origins and metabolism of HDL. We then focus on the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of HDL and discuss why these characteristics are cardioprotective.
    Clinical Science 02/2009; 116(2):87-98. · 4.86 Impact Factor
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2009; 10(2).
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2009; 10(2).
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2009; 10(2).
  • Heart Lung and Circulation - HEART LUNG CIRC. 01/2009; 18.
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    ABSTRACT: Population studies have shown that plasma HDL levels correlate inversely with cardiovascular disease risk. In recent years there has been intense interest in developing strategies for exploiting these cardioprotective properties by increasing HDL levels. While this approach has considerable merit, it is important to recognize that HDL are structurally and functionally diverse and consist of numerous, highly dynamic subpopulations of particles that do not all inhibit atherosclerosis to the same extent. For this reason it is essential to assess HDL subpopulation distribution and functionality when considering therapeutic interventions that raise HDL levels. This review documents what is known about the relationship between the metabolism and function of HDL subpopulations and how this affects their cardioprotective properties.
    The Journal of Lipid Research 12/2008; 50 Suppl:S195-200. · 4.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiotensin II (Ang II) signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) involves reactive oxygen species (ROS) through unknown mechanisms. We propose that Ang II induces phosphorylation of growth signaling kinases by redox-sensitive regulation of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTP) in VSMCs and that augmented Ang II signaling in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) involves oxidation/inactivation and blunted phosphorylation of the PTP, SHP-2. PTP oxidation was assessed by the in-gel PTP method. SHP-2 expression and activity were evaluated by immunoblotting and by a PTP activity assay, respectively. SHP-2 and Nox1 were downregulated by siRNA. Ang II induced oxidation of multiple PTPs, including SHP-2. Basal SHP-2 content was lower in SHRs versus WKY. Ang II increased SHP-2 phosphorylation and activity with blunted responses in SHRs. Ang II-induced SHP-2 effects were inhibited by valsartan (AT(1)R blocker), apocynin (NAD(P)H oxidase inhibitor), and Nox1 siRNA. Ang II stimulation increased activation of ERK1/2, p38MAPK, and AKT, with enhanced effects in SHR. SHP-2 knockdown resulted in increased AKT phosphorylation, without effect on ERK1/2 or p38MAPK. Nox1 downregulation attenuated Ang II-mediated AKT activation in SHRs. Hence, Ang II regulates PTP/SHP-2 in VSMCs through AT(1)R and Nox1-based NAD(P)H oxidase via two mechanisms, oxidation and phosphorylation. In SHR Ang II-stimulated PTP oxidation/inactivation is enhanced, basal SHP-2 expression is reduced, and Ang II-induced PTP/SHP-2 phosphorylation is blunted. These SHP-2 actions are associated with augmented AKT signaling. We identify a novel redox-sensitive SHP-2-dependent pathway for Ang II in VSMCs. SHP-2 dysregulation by increased Nox1-derived ROS in SHR is associated with altered Ang II-AKT signaling.
    Circulation Research 08/2008; 103(2):149-58. · 11.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperaldosteronism is associated with hypertension, cardiovascular fibrosis, and electrolyte disturbances, including hypomagnesemia. Mechanisms underlying aldosterone-mediated Mg(2+) changes are unclear, but the novel Mg(2+) transporters TRPM6 and TRPM7 may be important. We examined whether aldosterone influences renal TRPM6/7 and the TRPM7 downstream target annexin-1 and tested the hypothesis that Mg(2+) administration ameliorates aldosterone-induced cardiovascular and renal injury and prevents aldosterone-associated hypertension. C57B6 mice were studied (12 weeks, n=8 to 9/group); (1) control group (0.2% dietary Mg(2+)), (2) Mg(2+) group (0.75% dietary Mg(2+)), (3) aldosterone group (Aldo, 400 microg/kg/min and 0.9% NaCl drinking water), and (4) Aldo+Mg(2+) group. Blood pressure was unaltered by aldosterone and was similar in all groups throughout the experiment. Serum Na(+) was increased and serum K(+) and Mg(2+) decreased in the Aldo group. Aldo mice had hypomagnesuria and proteinuria, and renal, cardiac, and aortic fibrosis, which were normalized by Mg(2+) supplementation. Renal and cardiovascular expression of interleukin-6, VCAM1 and COX2 was increased in the Aldo group. Magnesium attenuated renal and cardiac interleukin-6 content and decreased renal VCAM1 and cardiac COX2 expression (P<0.05). Aldosterone decreased expression of renal TRPM7 and the downstream target annexin-1 (P<0.05) without effect on TRPM6. Whereas Mg(2+) increased mRNA expression of TRPM6 and TRPM7, it had no effect on TRPM7 and annexin-1 protein content. Our data demonstrate that aldosterone mediates blood pressure-independent renal and cardiovascular fibrosis and inflammation through Mg(2+)-sensitive pathways. We suggest that altered Mg(2+) metabolism in hyperaldosteronism may relate to TRPM7 downregulation and that Mg(2+) protects against cardiovascular and renal damaging actions of aldosterone.
    Hypertension 04/2008; 51(4):915-21. · 6.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the putative molecular mechanisms underlying mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activation by hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and to evaluate whether H(2)O(2)-induced actions are altered in VSMC from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). VSMC from mesenteric arteries of Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and SHR were stimulated with H(2)O(2) (2-30 min). The phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK)1/2 and p38MAP kinase was determined by immunoblotting. The involvement of tyrosine kinase and protein kinase C (PKC) was evaluated using pharmacological inhibitors, tyrphostin (A23 and A9) and GF109203X, respectively. The role of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) was assessed with AG1478, AG1296 and AG1024, selective inhibitors of epidermal growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor and insulin-like growth factor receptor, respectively. Non-receptor tyrosine kinases (NRTK) were studied using AG490 (JAK2 inhibitor) and PP2 (Src inhibitor). H(2)O(2) stimulated phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and p38MAP kinase in a time-dependent manner. This increase was significantly greater in SHR versus WKY (P < 0.01). The activation of MAP kinases was unaffected by GF109203X but was decreased by tyrphostins (P < 0.01). The inhibition of NRTK attenuated H(2)O(2)-mediated phosphorylation of ERK1/2 (P < 0.001) but not of p38MAP kinase, whereas Src and JAK2 inhibition significantly decreased phosphorylation of both MAP kinases (P < 0.01). These data indicate that H(2)O(2) increases ERK1/2 and p38MAP kinase activation through tyrosine kinase-dependent, PKC-independent mechanisms. Whereas ERK1/2 is regulated by both RTK and NRTK, p38MAP kinase is regulated by NRTK. Our findings identify an important role for tyrosine kinases, but not PKC, in H(2)O(2)-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and p38MAP kinase in VSMC. The upregulation of these processes may contribute to enhanced redox-dependent MAP kinase signaling in SHR VSMC.
    Journal of Hypertension 11/2005; 23(11):2005-12. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To test whether angiotensin II (Ang II) through the Ang II type 2 receptor (AT2R), downregulates RhoA/Rho kinase, which plays a role in AT1 receptor (AT1R)-mediated function. In vitro studies were performed in A10 vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and in vivo studies in mesenteric arteries from Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive (SHRSP) rats. VSMC were stimulated with Ang II (10 mol/l), CGP42112A (10 mol/l, a selective AT2R agonist) +/- valsartan (10 mol/l, an AT1R antagonist), or the Rho kinase inhibitor fasudil (10 mol/l). AT1R and AT2R expression and myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation were determined by immunoblotting. RhoA activity was assessed by measuring membrane translocation. Functional significance between AT2R, RhoA/Rho kinase and vasodilation was assessed in arteries from valsartan-treated (30 mg/kg per day, 14 days) WKY and SHRSP rats. Vasodilatory responses to Ang II (10-10 mol/l) were performed in norepinephrine pre-contracted vessels +/- valsartan(10 mol/l), PD123319 (10 mol/l, an AT2R antagonist) or fasudil (10 mol/l). A10 VSMC expressed AT1R and AT2R. In valsartan-treated cells, Ang II-induced RhoA translocation was reduced versus controls (42 +/- 6%, P < 0.05). Similar responses were obtained with CGP42112A (45 +/- 6%, P < 0.05). This was associated with decreased MLC activation. Fasudil abrogated Ang II- and CGP42112A-mediated effects. Ang II evoked a significant vasodilatory response only in valsartan-treated SHRSP (max dilation 40 +/- 7%). PD123319 blocked these effects. Fasudil increased AngII-induced relaxation in SHRSP vessels. AT2R expression was increased by valsartan (two- to three-fold) in SHRSP arteries. RhoA translocation was increased two-fold in untreated SHRSP (P < 0.05) and was reduced by valsartan (P < 0.05). These changes were associated with decreased MLC phosphorylation. Ang II/AT2R negatively regulates vascular RhoA/Rho kinase/MLC phosphorylation. These processes may play a role in Ang II-mediated vasodilation in conditions associated with vascular AT2R upregulation, such as in SHRSP chronically treated with AT1R blockers, which may contribute to blood pressure lowering by these antihypertensive agents.
    Journal of Hypertension 05/2005; 23(5):1037-45. · 4.22 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
132.20 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Vanderbilt University
      • Department of Medicine
      Nashville, Michigan, United States
  • 2009–2014
    • Heart Research Institute
      • Free Radical Group
      Newtown, New South Wales, Australia
  • 2008–2011
    • University of Ottawa
      • Department of Medicine
      Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
  • 2002–2005
    • Université de Montréal
      Montréal, Quebec, Canada