Jörg Schumacher

Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany

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Publications (73)38.49 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Parental rearing behavior is a significant etiological factor for the vulnerability of psychopathology and has been an issue of clinical research for a long time. For this scope instruments are important who asses economically recalled parental rearing behavior in a clinical practice. Therefore, a short German instrument for the assessment of the recalled parental rearing behavior Fragebogen zum erinnerten elterlichen Erziehungsverhalten (FEE) was psychometrically evaluated [Recalled Parental Rearing Behavior]. This questionnaire was evaluated in a representative population sample (N = 2.948) in Germany which included 44.2% male and 55.8% female persons with a mean age of M = 47.35 (SD = 17.10, range = 18-92). For the content evaluation of the FEE the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (FLZ) and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP) was filled out by the participants. The FEE scales yielded a good to satisfactory internal consistency and split-half reliability. Its three factors (rejection/punishment, emotional warmth, control/overprotection) correlated positively with most of the areas of life satisfaction. Furthermore, positive associations between interpersonal problems and parental rejection and control could be identified. The FEE is a short, reliable and valid instrument that can be applied in the clinical practice. In addition, the data proved an association between recalled parental rearing behavior, life satisfaction and interpersonal problems conform to the literature. Finally, specific problems with the retrospective assessment of parental rearing behavior were addressed as well.
    BMC Medical Research Methodology 04/2009; 9:17. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    Jörg Schumacher, Antje Klaiberg
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    ABSTRACT: The psychometric features and the age and gender specific standard scores (percentile ranks and T- scores) of the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) by Jerusalem and Schwarzer in a large community based sample of the German population (N = 2.031; aged from 14 to 95 years) are reported.
    01/2006;
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    Diagnostica 01/2006; 52:26-32. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a sample of elderly from the general population aged 60 years and older (N = 599, 53.6 % female; mean age 69.6 years) resilience was assessed as a protective personality factor for physical well-being by means of the resilience scale (RS; Wagnild and Young, 1993). The elderly reported lower subjective body complaints, when the amount of resilience was higher. The results of a regression analysis showed that resilience was a significant predictive variable for physical well-being besides age and sex. The amount of resilience was lower in women as in men. An age-related effect could not be found.
    PPmP - Psychotherapie · Psychosomatik · Medizinische Psychologie 09/2005; 55(8):365-9. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of somatoform pain complaints was assessed in a representative sample of 2050 persons in Germany in the age range from 18 to 92 years by the Screening for Somatoform Symptoms questionnaire [57]. A high percentage of the study participants turned out to complain of serious somatoform pains. Most frequently, back pain (30.5%), joint pain, pain in the arms and/or legs (19.9%) and headache or facial pain (19.5%) were reported. Women complained of more somatoform pain symptoms than men. Pain was higher with an increasing age, lower education, lower income, rural residency, and residency in Eastern Germany. While the prevalence of somatoform pain is high, the majority of patients does not receive adequate psychotherapeutic care but is inadequately treated by somatic treatments.
    Psycho-social medicine. 02/2005; 2:Doc03.
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    Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie - PSYCHOTHER PSYCHOSOM MED PSYC. 01/2005; 55:221-228.
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    ABSTRACT: Questionnaires for health related quality of life generally comprise several subscales. These subscales can be summarized into a total score. The aim of this article is to test the justification of such an integration from a statistical point of view. By means of a representative sample of the German population (n = 1981) the correlative relationships among six questionnaires are assessed: NHP, EORTC QLQ-C30, HADS, MFI-20, GBB-24 and Whiteley index. The corrrelations between the total scores are markedly higher than the mean correlations among the subscales between the tests. Even in those cases where the subscales share the same subdimension the correlations are not higher than the correlations between these subscales and the (unspecific) total scores. The advantage of sharing a common area is as great as the disadvantage of the lower number of items. By means of the Spearman-Brown formula the relationship between the number of items and the reliability of the scale is discussed in detail. It can be concluded that the calculation of total scores is useful and justified from a statistical perspective.
    PPmP - Psychotherapie · Psychosomatik · Medizinische Psychologie 01/2005; 55(3-4):221-8. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie, Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie. 01/2005; 53:16-39.
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of somatoform pain complaints was assessed in a representative sample of 2050 persons in Germany in the age range from 18 to 92 years by the Screening for Somatoform Symptoms questionnaire [57]. A high percentage of the study participants turned out to complain of serious somatoform pains. Most frequently, back pain (30.5%), joint pain, pain in the arms and/or legs (19.9%) and headache or facial pain (19.5%) were reported. Women complained of more somatoform pain symptoms than men. Pain was higher with an increasing age, lower education, lower income, rural residency, and residency in Eastern Germany. While the prevalence of somatoform pain is high, the majority of patients does not receive adequate psychotherapeutic care but is inadequately treated by somatic treatments.
    GMS; Psycho-Social-Medicine, 2, Doc 03. 01/2005;
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    PPmP - Psychotherapie · Psychosomatik · Medizinische Psychologie 01/2005; 55:365-369. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    Marcus Roth, Jörg Schumacher, Elmar Brähler
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    ABSTRACT: Our current knowledge regarding age and sex differences in sensation seeking is based on studies, which all use the SSS-V. The aim of the present study therefore was to validate the results reported by Zuckerman, Eysenck, and Eysenck (1978) while applying an alternative instrument. We also examined the relevance of sociodemographic factors in sensation seeking. German data were collected from 1949 subjects (47% female; aged 16–79 years) constituting a representative population sample of Germany. Sensation Seeking was measured using the Arnett Inventory of Sensation Seeking (AISS), which consists of two subscales: Novelty and Intensity constituting a Total Score. The results clearly confirm the postulated age and sex differences. Significant age declines occurred on all three scales for both sexes. Males generally scored higher than females in all age groups. The age and sex differences are independent of sociodemographic factors. On the whole, sociodemographic factors explain only a small part of the variance in sensation seeking.
    Personality and Individual Differences. 01/2005;
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    ABSTRACT: Ausgehend von der Annahme, dass das von erwachsenen Perso-nen rückblickend wahrgenommene (perzipierte) elterliche Er-ziehungsverhalten eine spezifische Bindungsrepräsentation dar-stellt, wurden in unserer Studie die Zusammenhänge zwischen diesen erziehungsbezogenen Erinnerungen und aktuellen part-nerbezogenen Bindungsmustern näher untersucht. Dabei wurde auf die Daten einer im Jahr 1999 durchgeführten bevölkerungs-repräsentativen Befragung zurückgegriffen (n = 1509; 18 ± 50 Jahre). Sowohl das perzipierte elterliche Erziehungsverhalten als auch die partnerbezogenen Bindungsmuster wurden dabei mittels Fragebogen erfasst (Fragebogen zum erinnerten elterli-chen Erziehungsverhalten, FEE und Bielefelder Fragebogen zu Partnerschaftserwartungen, BFPE). Im Ergebnis zeigte sich, dass ein sicheres partnerbezogenes Bindungsmuster mit einem als positiv erlebten elterlichen Erziehungsverhalten assoziiert ist, während unsichere Bindungsmuster eher mit negativen erzie-hungsbezogenen Erfahrungen einhergehen. Abstract
    PPmP - Psychotherapie · Psychosomatik · Medizinische Psychologie 01/2004; 54:148-154. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    Elmar Brähler, Schumacher J., Scheer J.W.
    . Online-Datenbank Assessment. Institut für Qualitätssicherung in Prävention und Rehabilitation an der Deutschen Sporthochschule Köln (IQPR). 01/2004;
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    Schumacher J., Brähler E.
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    ABSTRACT: Die Sense of Coherence Scale -Leipziger Kurzform (SOC-L9) ist ein aus lediglich 9 Items bestehendes Selbstbeurteilungsinstrument, das eine ökonomische, reliable und valide Erfassung des von Antonovsky eingeführten Konzepts des Kohärenzgefühls gestattet. Das Kohärenzgefühl (auch Kohärenzsinn, Kohärenzerleben; engl. Sense of Coherence, SOC) wird definiert wird als eine globale Orientierung, die zum Ausdruck bringt, in welchem Umfang man ein generalisiertes, überdauerndes und dynamisches Gefühl des Vertrauens besitzt, dass die eigene innere und äußere Umwelt vorhersagbar ist und dass mit großer Wahrscheinlichkeit die Dinge sich so entwickeln werden, wie man es vernünftigerweise erwarten kann. Das Vorliegen einer solchen generellen Einstellung und Orientierung dem Leben gegenüber wird als eine dispositionelle personale Bewältigungsressource betrachtet und soll im Zusammenspiel mit sog. generalisierten Widerstandsquellen (generalized resistance resources, GRR) wie materieller Wohlstand, Wissen, Intelligenz, Ich-Identität, Flexibilität oder soziale Unterstützung Menschen widerstandsfähiger gegenüber Stressoren machen. Ein ausgeprägtes Kohärenzgefühl soll auch vor dem Auftreten stressbedingter Krankheiten schützen, da es das Individuum befähigt, Ressourcen zu mobilisieren, um mit Belastungen und traumatischen Erlebnissen besser zurecht zu kommen. Es wird somit angenommen, dass ein ausgeprägtes Kohärenzgefühl zur Förderung und Aufrechterhaltung der Gesundheit beiträgt.
    Online-Datenbank Assessment. Institut für Qualitätssicherung in Prävention und Rehabilitation an der Deutschen Sporthochschule Köln (IQPR). 01/2004;
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    ABSTRACT: Based on the assumption that the parental rearing behaviour recalled by adults can be conceptualized as a specific mental representation of attachment, the study examines the associations between these rearing-related memories and adult attachment patterns in intimate relationships. The data for this study were obtained from a large community-based sample of the German population (1509 subjects between the ages of 18 and 50 years). Both, the perceived parental rearing behaviour and the adult attachment patterns have been assessed via questionnaires (Questionnaire of Recalled Parental Rearing Behaviour [Fragebogen zum erinnerten elterlichen Erziehungsverhalten, FEE] and Bielefeld Partnership Expectations Questionnaire [Bielefelder Fragebogen zu Partnerschaftserwartungen, BFPE]). As the result of the study it could be shown that a secure adult attachment pattern in intimate relationships is associated with a parental rearing behaviour that has been perceived as positive, while on the other hand insecure attachment patterns are rather associated with more negative experiences of parental rearing.
    PPmP - Psychotherapie · Psychosomatik · Medizinische Psychologie 01/2004; 54(3-4):148-54. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psycho-logie. 01/2004; 54(3/4):148-154.
  • B. Strauß, J. Schumacher
    01/2004; Hogrefe.
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    A. Klaiberg, J. Schumacher, E. Brähler
    Zeitschrift für klinische Psychologie, Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie / im Auftrag der Görres-Gesellschaft 01/2004; 52:237-251.
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    ABSTRACT: The Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) is a questionnaire that assesses health related quality of life. The aim of this paper is to test the psychometric quality of the instrument based on a subject sample which is representative for the German population. The sample consisted of 1996 persons with ages between 18 and 92 years. They were asked to fill in several questionnaires including the NHP. The results show that the NHP does not differentiate between subjects in the range of low and medium levels of complaints. Only one half of the subject sample agreed to at least one of the 38 items. All six subscales showed significant age and sex effects which were proved with nonlinear regression analyses. The validity was assessed through correlations with other health related questionnaires. It can be concluded that the use of the NHP cannot be recommended when studies in the general population are conducted.
    PPmP - Psychotherapie · Psychosomatik · Medizinische Psychologie 09/2003; 53(8):353-8. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to report on the prevalence of somatoform disorders in older age. A total of 630 representatively selected persons older than 60 years were asked to complete the questionnaire SOMS 2 (Screening for somatoform disorders, Rief et al., 1997). The results show that somatoform pain is very common in old age. Of the people, 71.8% report at least one symptom, 50.5% on at least four symptoms and 23.4% suffer from at least eight symptoms. The frequency of somatoform symptoms is much higher in people over 60 years old than in persons who are younger than 60 years old. Pain is very often localized in several body regions. In contrast to findings from younger age groups, older women do not report more somatoform pain than older men. When looking at the differences between "young olds" and "old olds" somatoform pain increases with increasing age. The high frequency of somatoform pain in older people is in clear contrast to the low prevalences of somatoform disorders defined according to DSM-IV or ICD-10 (0%-0.3%). The results show that the real prevalence of somatoform disorders is extremely underestimated because of the restrictive criteria of the diagnosis systems.
    Zeitschrift für Gerontologie + Geriatrie 09/2003; 36(4):287-96. · 0.74 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

500 Citations
38.49 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009
    • Technische Universität Dresden
      • Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology
      Dresden, Saxony, Germany
  • 2005–2009
    • Universitätsklinikum Jena
      Jena, Thuringia, Germany
  • 2004–2005
    • Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena
      • Institute of Medical Microbiology
      Jena, Thuringia, Germany
  • 1997–2003
    • University of Leipzig
      • • Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
      • • Institut für Psychologie
      • • Abteilung für Medizinische Psychologie und medizinische Soziologie
      Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
  • 2002
    • Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
      • Institut für Medizinische Psychologie
      Gießen, Hesse, Germany