[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eosinophilic lung diseases are heterogeneous disorders characterized by varying degrees of pulmonary parenchyma or blood eosinophilia. Causes of eosinophilic lung diseases range from drug ingestion to parasitic or fungal infection as well as idiopathic. The exact pathogenesis of eosinophilic lung disease remains unknown. Urushiol chicken can frequently cause allergic reactions. Contact dermatitis (both local and systemic) represents the most-common side effect of urushiol chicken ingestion. However, there has been no previous report of lung involvement following urushiol chicken ingestion until now. A 66-year-old male was admitted to our hospital with exertional dyspnea. Serial chest X-ray revealed multiple migrating infiltrations in both lung fields, with eosinophilic infiltration revealed by lung biopsy. The patient had ingested urushiol chicken on two occasions within the 2 weeks immediately prior to disease onset. His symptoms and migrating lung lesions were resolved following administration of oral corticosteroids.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 07/2015; 78(3):258-61. DOI:10.4046/trd.2015.78.3.258
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is one phenotype of asthma, often occurring in the form of a severe and sudden attack. Due to the time-consuming nature and difficulty of oral aspirin challenge (OAC) for AERD diagnosis, non-invasive biomarkers have been sought. The aim of this study was to identify AERD-associated exonic SNPs and examine the diagnostic potential of a combination of these candidate SNPs to predict AERD. DNA from 165 AERD patients, 397 subjects with aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA), and 398 normal controls were subjected to an Exome BeadChip assay containing 240K SNPs. 1,023 models (210-1) were generated from combinations of the top 10 SNPs, selected by the p-values in association with AERD. The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves was calculated for each model. SNP Function Portal and PolyPhen-2 were used to validate the functional significance of candidate SNPs. An exonic SNP, exm537513 in HLA-DPB1, showed the lowest p-value (p = 3.40×10-8) in its association with AERD risk. From the top 10 SNPs, a combination model of 7 SNPs (exm537513, exm83523, exm1884673, exm538564, exm2264237, exm396794, and exm791954) showed the best AUC of 0.75 (asymptotic p-value of 7.94×10-21), with 34% sensitivity and 93% specificity to discriminate AERD from ATA. Amino acid changes due to exm83523 in CHIA were predicted to be "probably damaging" to the structure and function of the protein, with a high score of '1'. A combination model of seven SNPs may provide a useful, non-invasive genetic marker combination for predicting AERD.
PLoS ONE 11/2014; 9(11):e111887. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0111887 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previously, we used a proteomic approach to demonstrate that the protein level of fatty acid-binding protein 1 (FABP1) is increased in nasal polyps in patients with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD). To reveal the genetic effect of FABP1 variants, we evaluated the association of FABP1 polymorphisms with the risk of AERD in 207 asthmatics with AERD and 1019 aspirin-tolerant asthmatics (ATA). Seven polymorphisms of FABP1 were selected from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (build 36) using minor allele frequency and linkage disequilibrium criteria. The genotype and haplotype distributions were not significantly different between the AERD and ATA groups in all of the genetic models. The percent decline of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) after the oral aspirin challenge (OAC) test did not differ according to single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotypes. In haplotype analysis, asthmatic patients who were BL2ht2 homozygotes showed a greater decline in FEV1 after the OAC test than subjects who possessed 1 or no copy of BL2ht2 (P = 0.035). However, these observations were not significant after correction for multiple comparisons (corrected P value = 1.00). Neither genotype nor haplotype was associated with the presence of nasal polyposis in the study subjects. Although we did not find a significant association between the FABP1 polymorphisms and AERD, our data suggest that the 7 SNPs are not associated with the increased expression of FABP1 in asthmatic patients with AERD. Further studies of epigenetic factors that may contribute to the increased expression of FABP1 in AERD should be performed.
Experimental Lung Research 10/2014; 40(10). DOI:10.3109/01902148.2014.927939 · 1.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human airways contact with pathogen-associated molecular patterns and danger-associated molecular patterns present in many environments. Asthmatic's airways may be more susceptible to these patterns and lead to inflammasome activation; however, the participation of inflammasome in the development and exacerbation of asthma is not fully understood and remains controversial. Asthma is a heterogeneous group composed of different airway inflammation patterns with different underlying immune mechanisms. One mechanism is neutrophilic airway inflammation based on the axis of inflammasome activation, interleukin (IL) 1β/IL-18 production, T helper 17 activation, IL-8/IL-6 overproduction, and neutrophilic inflammation. The role of inflammasome activation has been highlighted in experimental asthma models and some evidence of inflammasome activation has been recently demonstrated in human neutrophilic asthmatic airways. In addition to caspase-1 activation, proteinase 3 and other protease from activated neutrophils directly cleave pro-IL-1β and pro-IL-18 to IL-1β and IL-18, which contribute to the phenotype of subsequent adaptive immune responses without inflammasome activation. Data suggests that neutrophilics in asthmatic airways may have an additional effect in initiating inflammasome activation and amplifying immune responses. Among the mediators from neutrophils, S100A9 seems to be one candidate mediator to explain the action of neutrophils in amplifying the airway inflammation in concert with inflammasome.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) is an essential mediator of angiogenesis that establishes vascular integrity, and angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) acts as its natural inhibitor. We considered that angiopoietin might be important in bronchial asthma.
In total, 35 patients with asthma and 20 healthy subjects were studied.
The serum Ang-1 levels were significantly elevated in patients with asthma compared to control subjects (293.9 ± 13.8 pg/mL vs. 248.3 ± 16.2 pg/mL, respectively, p = 0.04). The serum Ang-2 levels were not different between the two groups. The areas under the curve (AUC) for serum angiopoietins revealed that the serum level of Ang-1 (0.68) was more sensitive and specific than the serum Ang-2 level (0.55) for differentiating between patients with asthma and control subjects. The serum Ang-1/Ang-2 ratio was correlated with the FEV1/FVC ratio (r = -0.312, p = 0.02), while serum Ang-2 was correlated with body mass index.
Our results indicate that the serum Ang-1 levels were higher in asthma patients compared with healthy subjects. As the Ang-1/Ang-2 ratio was related to lung function, the data suggest that serum angiopoietin is associated with lung function in patients with asthma.
BMC Pulmonary Medicine 09/2014; 14(1):143. DOI:10.1186/1471-2466-14-143 · 2.49 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To better understand the respiratory lipid phenotypes of asthma, a novel method for lipid profiling of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was developed using HPLC-QTOF-MS with an internal spectral library and high-throughput lipid identifying software. The method was applied to BALF from 38 asthmatic patients (18 patients with non-steroid treated bronchial asthma [NSBA] and 20 patients with steroid treated bronchial asthma [SBA]) and 13 healthy subjects (NC). We identified 69 lipids, which were categorized into one of six lipid classes: lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylserine (PS), sphingomyelin (SM) and triglyceride (TG). Compared to the NC group, the individual quantity levels of the six classes of lipids were significantly higher in the NSBA subjects; in the SBA subjects, the PC, PG, PS, SM and TG levels were similar with the levels observed in the NC group. Using differentially expressed lipid species (p-value < 0.05, FDR < 0.1 and VIP score of PLS-DA > 1), 34 lipid biomarker candidates with high prediction performance between asthmatics and controls were identified (AUROC > 0.9). These novel findings revealed specific characteristics of lipid phenotypes in asthmatic patients and suggested the importance of future research on the relationship between lipid levels and asthma.
Journal of Proteome Research 07/2014; 13(9). DOI:10.1021/pr5002059 · 5.00 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose
Monocyte chemoattractant proteins (MCPs) are important cytokines that involved in cellular activation and releasing of inflammatoy mediators by basophils and eosinophils in allergic disease. Some MCP gene variants implicate in asthma and monoclonal antibody for MCP-3 blocks allergic inflammations in the patients with asthma. Detection of interactions between gene and environment or between genes for complex disease such as asthma is important. We searched for an evidence of genetic effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of MCP genes as well as gene - gene interactions involved in asthma.
Four hundreds asthmatics and four hundreds normal controls were enrolled. Asthma was defined as a positive bronchodilator response or positive methacholine provocation test with compatible clinical symptoms. Seven MCP gene SNPs (2 SNPs in MCP-1, 1 in MCP-2, and 4 in MCP-3) were included. Association analyses between SNP and asthma, and the tests for gene - gene interaction were performed.
Strong linkage disequilibria were found among 7 MCP gene polymorphisms. There was no SNP that showed a significant association with asthma among 7 SNPs of 3 MCP genes. No haplotype was associated with asthma, either. The combination of MCP1-2518G>A, MCP2+46A>C, and MCP3+563C>T was the best predictive model for asthma as compared to the control in tests for gene - gene interaction. The MCP1-2518G>A and MCP2+46A>C was the second best predictive combination and this had the highest synergistic interaction effect on the subject's status than any other combination of polymorphisms. Complete linkages were not associated with the gene - gene interactions models.
MCP gene polymorphisms probably interact with each other; thus, these findings may help in developing a possible genetic marker to predict asthma.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The tyrosine-protein kinase Tec (TEC) is a member of non-receptor tyrosine kinases and has critical roles in cell signaling transmission, calcium mobilization, gene expression, and transformation. TEC is also involved in various immune responses, such as mast cell activation. Therefore, we hypothesized that TEC polymorphisms might be involved in aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) pathogenesis. We genotyped 38 TEC single nucleotide polymorphisms in a total of 592 subjects, which comprised 163 AERD cases and 429 aspirin-tolerant asthma controls. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the associations between TEC polymorphisms and the risk of AERD in a Korean population. The results revealed that TEC polymorphisms and major haplotypes were not associated with the risk of AERD. In another regression analysis for the fall rate of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) by aspirin provocation, two variations (rs7664091 and rs12500534) and one haplotype (TEC_BL2_ht4) showed nominal associations with FEV1 decline (p = 0.03-0.04). However, the association signals were not retained after performing corrections for multiple testing. Despite TEC playing an important role in immune responses, the results from the present study suggest that TEC polymorphisms do not affect AERD susceptibility. Findings from the present study might contribute to the genetic etiology of AERD pathogenesis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Asthma can be suppressed by inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). However, response to ICS shows marked inter-individual variability. This study is aimed to identify the genetic variants associated with the change in the percentage of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (%ΔFEV1) following ICS treatment.
A genome-wide association study was performed in a Korean asthmatic cohort. To further investigate these genetic associations, 11 additional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on the allantoicase (ALLC) gene were selected from the HapMap database and genotyped in the same asthmatic patients in the follow-up study.
In a genome-wide study, we identified the lowest P-value in ALLC, but none of the SNPs met the genome-wide association criteria (P <1.0 × 10-8). However, among 25 SNPs on ALLC in the follow-up study, six variants showed significant associations with the mean %ΔFEV1 in the study subjects (P < 3.73 × 10-6).
Although the associated signals could not overcome the genome-wide multiple correction due to small sample size (n = 189), our results suggest that associated SNPs of ALLC might be genetic predictors of response to ICS, at least with respect to ΔFEV1 in Korean asthmatics.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 04/2014; 436. DOI:10.1016/j.cca.2014.04.023 · 2.76 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by progressive dyspnea and worsening lung function due to remodeling of the lung, including epithelial mesenchymal transition. ADAM33 is a disintegrin and metalloprotease domain-containing protein, which may be related to lung fibrosis by exerting angiogenesis and remodeling of the lung. Thus, we evaluated the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ADAM33 with the risk of IPF.
A total of 237 patients with IPF and 183 healthy subjects participated in the present study. Nine polymorphisms were selected. Genotyping was performed by single-base extension. Polymorphisms and haplotypes were analyzed for associations with the risk of IPF using multiple logistic regression models controlling for age, gender, and smoking status as covariates.
All SNPs were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The minor allele frequency (MAF) of rs628977G>A in intron 21 was significantly lower in subjects with surgical IPF than in normal controls in the recessive model [33.2 vs. 38.0 %, p = 0.02, OR = 0.40 (0.19-0.84)]. When the subjects with clinical IPF were included, the difference in MAF persisted with a p value of 0.03 [OR = 0.50 (0.27-0.94)].
ADAM33 rs628977G>A was marginally associated with a decreased risk of IPF in a recessive model.
Beiträge zur Klinik der Tuberkulose 04/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00408-014-9578-5 · 2.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The well-known genetic polymorphisms in ADH1B(His47Arg) and ALDH2(Glu487Lys) have dramatic effects on the rate of metabolizing alcohol and acetaldehyde. We investigated possible involvement of these functional polymorphisms in other common complex-trait diseases.
The genetic effects of these two polymorphisms on hepatitis, asthma, type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and tuberculosis (TB) were examined in a Korean population.
We demonstrated that the well-known functional polymorphism of a primary alcohol-metabolizing enzyme (ALDH2 Glu487Lys) has a strong genetic association with the risk of TB. The frequency of the minor allele (ALDH2*487Lys) was found to be much lower in TB patients (freq. = 0.099/n = 477) than among controls (freq. = 0.162/n = 796) (P = 0.00001, OR (95% confidential interval) = 0.57 (0.45-0.74)). Our data may indicate that TB was once an endemic disease, which exerted selection pressure for higher frequencies of ALDH2*487Lys in Asian populations. In addition, the calculated attributable fraction (AF) indicates that 39.5% of TB patients can attribute their disease to the detrimental effects of ALDH2Glu487Glu.
Our results suggest that this polymorphism is one of the genetic components of TB, at least in the Korean population.
BMC Medical Genetics 04/2014; 15(1):40. DOI:10.1186/1471-2350-15-40 · 2.45 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has recently been observed to activate NF-kappaB and induce inflammatory responses such as asthma. Activating transcription factor 6β (ATF6B) is known to regulate ATFα-mediated ER stress response. The aim of this study is to investigate the associations of ATF6B genetic variants with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) and its major phenotype, % decline of FEV1 by aspirin provocation.
Four common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ATF6B were genotyped and statistically analyzed in 93 AERD patients and 96 aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA) as controls.
Logistic analysis revealed that 2 SNPs (rs2228628 and rs8111, P=0.008; corrected P=0.03) and 1 haplotype (ATF6B-ht4, P=0.005; corrected P=0.02) were significantly associated with % decline of FEV1 by aspirin provocation, whereas ATF6B polymorphisms and haplotypes were not associated with the risk of AERD.
Although further functional and replication studies are needed, our preliminary findings suggest that ATF6B may be related to obstructive phenotypes in response to aspirin exposure in adult asthmatics.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Member RAS oncogene family (RAB1A), a member of the RAS oncogene family, cycles between inactive GDP-bound and active GTP-bound forms regulating vesicle transport in exocytosis. Thus, functional alterations of the RAB1A gene may contribute to aspirin intolerance in asthmatic sufferers. To investigate the relationship between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the RAB1A gene and aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), asthmatics (n=1197) were categorized into AERD and aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA). All subjects were diagnosed as asthma on the basis of the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guidelines. AERD was defined as asthmatics showing 15% or greater decreases in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) or naso-ocular reactions by the oral acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) challenge (OAC) test. In total, eight SNPs were genotyped. Logistic regression analysis identified that the minor allele frequency of +14444 T>G and +41170 C>G was significantly higher in the AERD group (n=181) than in the ATA group (n=1016) (p=0.0003-0.03). Linear regression analysis revealed a strong association between the SNPs and the aspirin-induced decrease in FEV1 (p=0.0004-0.004). The RAB1A gene may play a role in the development of AERD in asthmatics and the genetic polymorphisms of the gene have the potential to be used as an indicator of this disease.
DNA and cell biology 02/2014; DOI:10.1089/dna.2013.2213 · 1.99 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Air pollutants and obesity are important factors that contribute to asthma. The aim of this study was to assess the airway responsiveness and inflammation in Otsuka-Long Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) obese rats and Long Evans Tokushima-Otsuka (LETO) nonobese rats exposed to diesel exhaust particles (DEPs). Otsuka Long Evans Tokushima fatty rats and LETO rats were exposed intranasally to DEP and then challenged with aerosolized DEP on days 6 to 8. Body plethysmography, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), and histology were performed. Enhanced pause (Penh) was measured as an indicator of airway resistance on day 9 and samples were collected on day 10. After exposure to DEP, the OLETF group exhibited a greater increase in Penh compared to that in the LETO group. Moreover, the BAL fluid in mice showed an increase in the total and differential cell counts in the DEP-exposed OLETF group compared to that in the DEP-exposed LETO group. Histological assessment of lung tissue from each group revealed that the DEP-exposed OLETF group tended to have increased inflammatory cell infiltrations in the prebronchial area. Increased peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ, coactivator 1β messenger RNA was observed in the lungs of obese rats compared to that in nonobese rats following DEP exposure. These data indicate that the DEP-exposed OLETF group had increased airway responses and inflammation compared to the DEP-exposed LETO group, indicating that diesel particulates and obesity may be co-contributors to asthma.
International Journal of Toxicology 02/2014; 33(1):21-8. DOI:10.1177/1091581813518355 · 1.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published in J Allergy Clin Immunol, 133 (2014) AB67, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2222.2011.03801.x. The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn.
The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 02/2014; 133(2 Suppl):AB67. DOI:10.1016/j.jaci.2013.12.264 · 11.25 Impact Factor