Ho Yun Chung

Kyungpook National University Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (40)35.04 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Although oral beta-blocker, propranolol, was shown excellent outcome for infantile hemangioma (IH) up to date, concern of side effects and reluctance of treatment-related cumbersome evaluations are major obstacles to employ. Instead, topical beta-blockers were recently introduced as an effective alternative, but few studies are reported. So we performed a retrospective study of IH treated with topical beta-blockers, timolol maleate 0.5%, and adjunctive role of pulsed dye laser from 2011 to 2014. Among 102 IH enrolled, 61 patients (59.8%) treated with only timolol maleate and 41 (40.2%) patients treated with combination of pulsed dye laser. A clinical review of medical records and evaluation at 4-8 weeks intervals using the physicians' Global Assessment Scores (GAS) and patients' parents' GAS at the latest visit. Physicians' GAS was used to grade the lesions compared with the baseline photo by two physicians' evaluation. And parents' GAS was assessed by direct or telephone interview. In the only timolol treatment group, mean change was within 47.0% improvement from baseline by physicians. In addition, adjunctive treatment of pulsed dye laser group showed 66.5% improvement. No side effects were found on both groups, and mean change was 54.5% improvement by overall parent assessments.
    Journal of Dermatological Treatment 11/2014; · 1.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tissue expansion is an effective and valuable technique for the reconstruction of large skin lesions and scars. This study aimed to evaluate the applicability and safety of a newly designed skin expanding bioreactor system for maximizing the graft area and minimizing the donor site area.
    Archives of plastic surgery. 11/2014; 41(6):661-7.
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    ABSTRACT: : Primary cutaneous anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (C-ALCL) is the second most common type of primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. The median age of onset of C-ALCL is 60 years. Presented here is a case of congenital CD30-positive (CD30) primary C-ALCL in a 10-day-old neonate who presented with a large erythematous indurative plaque in the right postauricular area. A systemic workup of the patient excluded other potential causes. The neonate was treated with wide excision, but chemotherapy or radiation therapy was not administered, as the patient's parents did not consent to such treatment. The patient has been monitored for 30 months after excision and there has been no disease recurrence. C-ALCL rarely occurs in children, and to the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a neonate with congenital primary C-ALCL.
    American Journal of Dermatopathology 10/2014; · 1.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As the breast cancer incidence has increased, breast-conserving surgery has replaced total mastectomy as the predominant procedure. However, centrally located breast cancers pose significant challenges to successful breast-conserving surgeries. Therefore, we performed partial mastectomy and oncoplastic procedures on centrally located breast cancer as a means of partial breast reconstruction. The authors examined and evaluated the functional and aesthetic usefulness of this reconstruction method.
    Archives of plastic surgery. 09/2014; 41(5):520-528.
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    ABSTRACT: Nipple reconstruction following breast mound reconstruction is the final step in breast reconstruction. Although nipple reconstruction is a simple surgery, the psychological aspects of nipple reconstruction are thought to be important. Nipple projection is a key factor in determining patient satisfaction with the surgery. In the present study, the Hammond flap technique was introduced for nipple reconstruction.
    Archives of plastic surgery. 09/2014; 41(5):550-555.
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    ABSTRACT: Mandibular angle reduction surgery is widely used for aesthetic purposes. Because inferior alveolar nerve injury is a common complication of this surgery, the anatomical location of this nerve must be known before surgery. This study investigated the relative location of the inferior alveolar nerve in mesofacial and brachyfacial groups.
    Aesthetic plastic surgery. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The molecular pathophysiology of venous malformations (VMs), which are a type of vascular malformation, is poorly understood. Until now, it is known that VM lesions are related to the process of angiogenesis. Because angiogenesis is induced under hypoxic conditions, hypoxia is thought to be important in VM lesion formation. Therefore, we examined the implications of hypoxia on the biological behavior of VM vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). In doing so, we investigated the expression patterns of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), which plays a key role in hypoxia-induced angiogenesis, to provide a further understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in VM. Vascular smooth muscle cells from 5 normal veins and 5 VM lesions were cultured under moderate hypoxic conditions (3% O2, 5% CO2). The effects of hypoxia on HIF-1α expression were measured by immunocytochemical staining, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Overall, the expression of HIF-1α in cells was high after exposure to hypoxia for 6 or 12 hours, but decreased after 24 hours of hypoxia. HIF-1α expression in VM VSMCs was 2 times higher than that in normal VSMCs. Immunocytochemically, HIF-1α was mainly located in the nucleus and the intensity in VM VSMCs was stronger after 6 and 12 hours of hypoxia when compared to the expression pattern of HIF-1α in VSMCs from normal tissue. This suggested that VM tissue is more susceptible to the effects of hypoxia than normal tissue. These results indicate that the high expression of HIF-1α in VM VSMCs under hypoxic conditions could be an important factor for stimulating downstream angiogenesis in VM. Furthermore, the results of this investigation could provide the basis for future studies of VM pathophysiology, and ultimately lead to the development of new therapeutic approaches.
    Annals of plastic surgery 01/2014; · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypospadias is the most common congenital malformation of the male urinary tract, wherein the urethral opening is located proximal to the normal site. Tubularized incised-plate urethroplasty reconstruction, and its efficacy, remains controversial due to the high recurrence rate. This study aimed to evaluate the results of dartos fascia-reinforced flap surgery in hypospadias patients with previous operative complications. Nine patients (mean age, 12 years) who had previous one- or two-stage repair with TIP urethroplasty and suffered from urethrocutaneous fistulas or fissures as complications, underwent dartos fascia-reinforced flap surgery in our clinic between January 2010 and December 2012. The mean postoperative follow-up period was 6 months. Among the 9 patients, 7 had complete correction. In all the patients, the maximum uroflow angle was >45°. No patient complained of an unnatural urinating position. The patients and parents gave very high satisfaction scores (4.7 points) with regard to the appearance of the outer genitalia. The dartos fascia-reinforced flap could be a useful and reliable option for complications of hypospadias repair or fissure with the prepuce preserved, given that histological aspects vary and that the possibility of recurrence in the glanular region is high.
    Archives of plastic surgery. 11/2013; 40(6):766-772.
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    ABSTRACT: Amniotic-fluid-derived stem cells and amniocytes have recently been determined to have wound healing effects, but their mechanism is not yet clearly understood. In this study, the effects of amniotic fluid stem cells and amniocytes on wound healing were investigated through animal experiments. On the back of Sprague-Dawley rats, four circular full-thickness skin wounds 2 cm in diameter were created. The wounds were classified into the following four types: a control group using Tegaderm disc wound dressings and experimental groups using collagen discs, amniotic fluid stem cell discs, and amniocyte discs. The wounds were assessed through macroscopic histological examination and immunohistochemistry over a period of time. The amniotic fluid stem cell and amniocyte groups showed higher wound healing rates compared with the control group; histologically, the inflammatory cell invasion disappeared more quickly in these groups, and there was more significant angiogenesis. In particular, these groups had significant promotion of epithelial cell reproduction, collagen fiber formation, and angiogenesis during the initial 10 days of the wound healing process. The potency of transforming growth factor-β and fibronectin in the experimental group was much greater than that in the control group in the early stage of the wound healing process. In later stages, however, no significant difference was observed. The amniotic fluid stem cells and amniocytes were confirmed to have accelerated the inflammatory stage to contribute to an enhanced cure rate and shortened wound healing period. Therefore, they hold promise as wound treatment agents.
    Archives of plastic surgery. 09/2013; 40(5):496-504.
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    ABSTRACT: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has more concentrated platelets than normal plasma (approximately 150-400×10(3) cell/dL). Platelets excrete several growth factors and cytokines that are associated with the healing and regeneration process. However, even though PRP is widely used, the mechanism or actual effect is presently unclear. Therefore, this study was performed to investigate the levels of growth factors and platelet concentration rate. Autologous blood for preparing PRP was obtained from healthy subjects aged 25 to 35 years. The samples were divided into 4 experimental groups (inactivated whole blood, inactivated PRP, activated whole blood with thrombin and calcium chloride, and activated PRP). The platelet counts in the blood were analyzed and the growth factors were quantitatively measured. A statistical analysis was performed by using Dunn's multiple comparison test. In the blood cell analysis, the platelet count of the PRP group was approximately 4.25 times higher than that of the whole blood group. In the quantitative analysis of growth factors, the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-AB, PDGF-BB, and transforming growth factor-β of the inactivated and activated PRP groups were higher than those of the inactivated and activated whole blood groups (P<0.05). In this study, the platelet count and the levels of PDGF-AB and PDGF-BB in the PRP were determined. Further, more research is required on the bioactivity level of the growth factors secreted during the process of PRP preparation and the potency of growth factors that can be exerted physiologically in vivo.
    Archives of plastic surgery. 09/2013; 40(5):530-535.
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    ABSTRACT: Breast-conserving surgery is widely accepted as an appropriate method in breast cancer, and the lateral thoracodorsal flap provides a simple, reliable technique, especially when a mass is located in the lateral breast. This study describes the usefulness of a lateral thoracodorsal flap after breast conserving surgery in laterally located breast cancer. From September 2008 to February 2013, a lateral thoracodorsal flap was used in 20 patients with laterally located breast cancer treated at our institution. The technique involves a local medially based, wedge shaped, fasciocutaneous transposition flap from the lateral region of the thoracic area. Overall satisfaction and aesthetic satisfaction surveys were conducted with the patients during a 6-month postoperative follow-up period. Aesthetic results in terms of breast shape and symmetry were evaluated by plastic surgeons. The average specimen weight was 76.8 g. The locations of the masses were the upper lateral quadrant (n=15), the lower lateral quadrant (n=2), and the central lateral area (n=3). Complications developed in four of the cases, partial flap necrosis in one, wound dehiscence in one, and fat necrosis in two. The majority of the patients were satisfied with their cosmetic outcomes. Partial breast reconstruction using a lateral thoracodorsal flap is well matched with breast color and texture, and the surgery is less aggressive than other techniques with few complications. Therefore, the lateral thoracodorsal flap can be a useful, reliable technique in correcting breast deformity after breast conserving surgery, especially in laterally located breast cancer.
    Archives of plastic surgery. 07/2013; 40(4):367-73.
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives/HypothesisTo characterize the anatomic distribution of lymphatic malformations of the upper airway.Study DesignCase series with chart review.SettingTertiary care referral center specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of vascular anomalies.MethodsA 7-year (2004-2011) retrospective chart review of patients with lymphatic malformations was performed at a tertiary care referral center. Patients with airway lymphatic malformations were identified. The anatomic distribution of lymphatic malformations within the airway was reviewed.ResultsA total of 141 patients with lymphatic malformations of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) were studied. Of these, 15 (11%) had laryngeal (supraglottic) involvement. In all of these patients, the disease was above the true vocal folds. Seventy-four (52%) patients had involvement of 1 anatomic zone (most common was the oral cavity), and 67 (48%) had involvement of multiple zones. With regard to each zone, 105 (75%) patients had involvement of the oral cavity, 50 (36%) the oropharynx, 8 (6%) the hypopharynx, 42 (30%) the parapharynx, and 12 (9%) had retropharygeal disease (some patients had multiple zones involved). No patients were identified with glottic, subglottic, or tracheal involvement.Conclusions Based on our large series, airway involvement in head and neck lymphatic malformations may occur at multiple sites above the glottis. A high percentage of these patients have involvement of the oral cavity (75%) and oropharynx (35%). None involve the glottis, subglottis, or trachea.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 04/2013; · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture is a facial bone fracture that commonly occurs as a centrally and laterally protruding zygomatic area. The exact reduction of the displaced fracture is the most important task in the treatment of a zygomatic fracture, from the aesthetic point of view. In some types of zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture, however, it is somewhat difficult to maintain the reduction after the surgery using 3-point fixation. In addition, surgery using 3-point fixation may cause malunion or nonunion. Thus, 4-point fixation using the coronal approach is alternatively considered. The authors performed 4-point fixation using the preauricular approach to counter the disadvantages of the coronal approach. The results and usefulness of 4-point fixation using the preauricular approach are reported in this study. This study was conducted on 172 patients who had a zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture and an isolated zygomatic arch fracture from March 2010 to September 2011. Open reduction and internal fixation were performed on the patients with a zygomaticomaxillary fracture, and closed reduction using the Gilles technique was performed on the patients with an isolated zygomatic arch fracture, among whom reduction using the preauricular approach was further performed on 17 patients who had insufficient intraoperative reduction or who had unsatisfactory intraoperative radiologic outcomes. An approximately 1.8-cm preauricular incision was made from 1.5 cm anterior to the helical root of the ear to 1 cm anterior to the tragus in a curved shape. After the incision, the temporoparietal fascia was dissected to confirm that the incision had reached the zygomatic arch behind the facture line. The reduction was performed, whereas the displaced fractured bone was being observed with the eyes, followed by the internal fixation. Plane x-ray and 3-dimensional head computed tomography were performed before the surgery, after the surgery, and 6 months after the surgery to examine the reduction status and outcomes of the displaced fracture. The mean follow-up period was 5.5 (range, 5-6) months. Reduction using the preauricular approach was further performed on 17 patients who showed unsatisfactory reduction among 172 patients with a zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture and an isolated zygomatic arch fracture. Reduction using the preauricular approach was further performed on the displaced fractured site that remained unrepaired in an intraoperative radiologic examination. In the postoperative 3-dimensional head computed tomography and plane x-ray, satisfactory reduction that showed exact correction was observed. In an outpatient follow-up, no complication such as nonunion or malunion was found, and facial symmetry was also shown. In addition, the preauricular scar was hardly observed. Exact reduction and internal fixation of a fracture site are required to restore the appearance and functions of the normal face and to reduce complications such as malunion or nonunion in patients with a zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture. If a complex fracture of the zygomatic body or facture of the zygomaticomaxillary buttress is accompanied by a fracture of the inferior orbital rim, and thus, if incomplete reduction or malunion is anticipated, 4-point fixation using the easier-to-manipulate preauricular approach would be more useful than the conventional method that uses the coronal approach.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 03/2013; 24(2):557-62. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH) is histopathologically characterized by endothelium-lined papillary structures encircling an acellular fibrin core. The process of IPEH pathogenesis is unclear. The purpose of our study was to identify histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics of IPEH to better understand the pathogenesis of this disease. After reviewing microscopic and medical records from Kyungpook National University Hospital, we selected 16 cases of IPEH. Masson's trichrome and immunohistochemical staining as well as hematoxylin-eosin staining for 16 cases of IPH were performed. Immunohistochemical studies included CD31, CD68, mast cell tryptase, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1α), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Sections from all our cases showed three distinct histological regions including a papillary portion with hyalinized fibrous or fibroblastic cores, an area containing an unorganized thrombus, and organization area with an ingrowth of endothelial cells, myofibroblasts, and fibroblasts. In the organization area, HIF-1α-positive cells were identified in the loose connective tissue. Endothelial cells forming vascular channels were negative for HIF-1α while VEGF was highly expressed in both interstitial mononuclear and endothelial cells. In the papillary portion, the cellular cores were strongly positive for both HIF-1α and VEGF, but the acellular cores were negative. Our investigation confirmed that IPEH is a reactive lesion that incidentally arises during the organization process of older thrombi. It was also found that HIF-1α and VEGF expression was dependent on the thrombus remodeling stage in cases of IPEH.
    International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2013; 6(12):2912-8. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In Korean women, many of whom have small to moderate-sized breasts, it is difficult to cover a partial breast defect using oncoplastic volume displacement techniques after removal of an adequate volume of tissue during oncologic surgery. In such cases, oncoplastic volume replacement techniques are more useful. From January 2007 to December 2011, 104 women underwent a total of 107 breast-conserving surgeries with various kinds of oncoplastic volume replacement techniques. We used latissimus dorsi (LD) myocutaneous flap for cases in which the resection mass was greater than 150 g. In case with a resection mass less than 150 g, we used regional flaps such as a lateral thoracodorsal flap, a thoracoepigastric flap, or perforator flaps such as an intercostal artery perforator (ICAP) flap or a thoracodorsal artery perforator (TDAP) flap. The mean age was 46.1 years, and the average follow-up interval was 10.3 months. The patients underwent oncoplastic volume replacement techniques with a lateral thoracodorsal flap (n=9), thoracoepigastric flap (n=7), ICAP flap (n=25), TDAP flap (n=12), and LD flap (n=54). There was one case of congestion in an LD flap, and two cases of fat necrosis in an ICAP flap. Most of the patients were satisfied with the cosmetic results. Oncoplastic volume replacement techniques can be reliable and useful for the correction of breast deformity after breast-conserving surgery, especially in patients with small to moderate-sized breasts.
    Archives of plastic surgery. 09/2012; 39(5):489-96.
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    ABSTRACT: This article presents long-term outcomes after correcting secondary bilateral cleft lip nasal deformities using a refined reverse-U incision and V-Y plasty or in combination with a composite graft in order to elongate the short columella. A total of forty-six patients underwent surgery between September 1996 and December 2008. The age of the patients ranged from 3 to 19 years of age. A bilateral reverse-U incision and V-Y plasty were used in 24 patients. A composite graft from the helical root was combined with a bilateral reverse-U incision in the 22 patients who possessed a severely shortened columella. The follow-up period ranged between 2 and 10 years. A total of 32 patients out of 46 were evaluated postoperatively. The average columella length was significantly improved from an average of 3.7 mm preoperatively to 8.5 mm postoperatively. The average ratio of the columella height to the alar base width was 0.18 preoperatively and 0.29 postoperatively. The postoperative basal and lateral views revealed a better shape of the nostrils and columella. The elongated columella, combined with a composite graft, presented good maintenance of the corrected position with no growth disturbance. A composite graft showed color mismatching in several patients. Twenty-six patients demonstrated no alar-columella web deformity and satisfactory symmetry of the nostrils. Four patients experienced a drooping and overhanging of the corrected alar-columella web. A bilateral reverse-U incision with V-Y plasty or in combination with a composite graft was effective in correcting secondary bilateral cleft lip nasal deformity.
    Archives of plastic surgery. 05/2012; 39(3):190-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The synchondrosis between the sixth and seventh costal cartilage is usually used for the base frame in autogenous ear reconstruction. If the synchondrosis is loose, a variety of modifications can be devised. This report introduces new methods for these problems. In cases of incomplete synchondrosis, only the surface of the base block margin was smoothly tapered without carving for the removal of the conchal deepening. The secure fixation of the two segments (helix and antihelix) to the base block using fine wire sutures gave stability to the unstable basal frame. After confirming that all the segments were assembled in one stable piece, the remaining conchal deepening of the basal framework was removed, and the outer lower portion of the basal cartilage was trimmed along its whole length. A total of 10 consecutive patients with microtia, ranging from 8 to 13 years old, were treated from 2008 to 2009. The follow-up period was 6 months to 2 years. Despite incomplete synchondrosis, the stable frameworks were constructed using the authors' method and aesthetically acceptable results were achieved. The proposed method can provide an easy way to make a stable cartilage framework regardless of the variable conditions of synchondrosis.
    Archives of plastic surgery. 03/2012; 39(2):162-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The epitome that cell carrier serves solely as passive vehicles has become outdated. It is now evident that the carrier microenvironment also contributes in the regeneration process. In this study, a combination of alginate, pluronic F127 and extracellular matrix (ECM) component, hyaluronic acid (HA) based scaffold has been prepared for in situ gelling vehicles for muscle cells. ECM incorporated blended hydrogel showed enhanced uniform distri-bution of muscle cells in a nude mouse model forming the scaffold in situ allowed the muscle cells to proliferate efficiently, indicating that a pluronic F127/alginate/HA matrix provided a beneficial environment for cellular growth and expansion. The formation of gel beneath the skin of nude mice was confirmed using optical coherence tomog-raphy (OCT). OCT has been used to visualize the in situ localization of cells as well. This in situ gelation is found to be advantageous for regenerative applications due to the absence of toxic solvents or co-polymerization agents; besides the handling process is simple. This study demonstrates that an in situ blended hydrogels enables the favor-able settlement of cells and satisfactory cell delivery for muscle regeneration applications.
    Fetal ovine model for in-situ esophagus tissue engineering. 02/2012; 9(1-1). · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Soft tissue augmentation with injectable materials has been a challenging problem for plastic and reconstructive surgeons. Although filler materials have been used for soft tissue augmentation, adverse effects such as inflammation, distortion, and repeated procedures due to absorption still exist. In this study, biologic filler containing human fibroblasts and placenta extracts was developed to overcome these problems as a concept of cell therapy.In an in vivo assay, 40 nude mice were divided into 4 groups: 1 control group and 3 experimental groups. Biologic fillers containing human fibroblasts untreated (control), cultured with 0.1% placenta extract (group 1), cultured with 10% fetal bovine serum (group 2), and cultured with both 0.1% placenta extract and 10% fetal bovine serum (group 3) were used in each groups. Cultured human fibroblasts were injected into the back of each mouse with fibrin glue to maintain the shape and volume. These groups were compared during an 8-week period. The gross, histologic, and biomolecular studies were proceeded to evaluate the effect of biologic filler.In geometric maintenance, volumes in experimental groups were 1.6 (group 1), 1.2 (group 2), and 1.9 times (group 3) more reserved than that in the untreated control group (control) at 8 weeks. In histology, abundant proliferation of fibroblasts as well as extracellular matrices including collagen and glycosaminoglycan was visualized in experimental groups. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to analyze collagen and glycosaminoglycan, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze the messenger RNA expression of COL1A1, a gene for collagen type 1, which shows a significant difference between control and experimental groups. There is no statistically significant difference between groups 1 and 2; on the other hand, group 3 statistically has the best outcome among the experimental groups.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 09/2011; 22(5):1557-60. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cutaneous arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of stage I may mimic port-wine stains (PWSs) clinicopathologically; therefore, it may be misdiagnosed and mistreated as being PWS. To suggest the clinicopathological differential clues between early AVMs and PWSs. A set of 10 radiologically proven AVMs of stage I was selected in conjunction with a set of 10 age-/sex-matched PWSs as a control. Their clinical features, hematoxylin and eosin, CD31, and smooth muscle actin immunohistochemistry were then compared. Four pathological clues for differential diagnosis with statistical significance (P < 0.05) were found: the vessel density (CD31), presence of vascular luminal red blood cells, elongation and haphazard branching of vessels, and thickened vessel walls highlighted by smooth muscle actin. Therefore, 4 differential clues with respect to stage I AVM and PWS in their earlier developmental stages have been proposed.
    The American Journal of dermatopathology 08/2011; 34(5):523-8. · 1.30 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

170 Citations
35.04 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2014
    • Kyungpook National University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004–2008
    • Kyungpook National University
      • • Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
      • • Department of Anesthesiology
      Daikyū, Daegu, South Korea