Kazuhiro Chiku

Chiba University, Chiba-shi, Chiba-ken, Japan

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Publications (4)3.81 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Malic enzyme (ME) was purified as an electrophoretically homogenous protein from Rhodopseudomonas palustris No. 7. The molecular weight of ME was estimated to be 650 kDa and that of its subunit, 86 kDa. ME activity was remarkably enhanced by di- and mono-valent cations, and the K(a) values for Mg(2+) and NH(4)(+) were 0.26 and 0.56 mM respectively. Purified ME used both NAD(+) and NADP(+) as electron acceptors, with K(m) values of 0.11 and 1.8 mM. The K(m) value for L-malate was 1.7 mM using NAD(+) as electron acceptor. Gene cloning of the ME indicated that the ME from R. palustris strain No. 7 was composed of 774 amino acids encompassing the ME and phosphotransacetylase domains, although purified ME displayed no phosphotransacetylase activity. ME activity was inhibited by acetyl-CoA, oxaloacetate, and fructose-6-phosphate. These results suggest that ME plays an important role in the metabolic regulation of R. palustris No. 7 under photoheterotrophic conditions.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 01/2010; 74(1):75-81. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have purified and characterized an oligoxylosyl transfer enzyme (OxtA) from Bacillus sp. strain KT12. In the present study, a N-terminally His-tagged recombinant form of the enzyme, OxtA(H)(E), was overproduced in Escherichia coli and applied to the reaction with xylan and hydroquinone to produce 4-hydroxyphenyl beta-D-oligoxylosides, beta-(Xyl)(n)-HQ (n=1-4), by one step reaction. The obtained beta-(Xyl)(n)-HQ inhibited mushroom tyrosinase, which catalyzes the oxidation of L-DOPA to L-DOPA quinine, and the IC(50) values of beta-Xyl-HQ, beta-(Xyl)(2)-HQ, beta-(Xyl)(3)-HQ, and beta-(Xyl)(4)-HQ were 3.0, 0.74, 0.48, and 0.18 mM respectively. beta-(Xyl)(4)-HQ showed 35-fold more potent inhibitory activity than beta-arbutin (4-hydroxyphenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside), of which the IC(50) value was measured to be 6.3 mM. Kinetic analysis revealed that beta-(Xyl)(2)-HQ, beta-(Xyl)(3)-HQ, and beta-(Xyl)(4)-HQ competitively inhibited the enzyme, and the corresponding K(i) values were calculated to be 0.20, 0.29, and 0.057 mM respectively.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 06/2009; 73(5):1123-8. · 1.27 Impact Factor
  • Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry - BIOSCI BIOTECHNOL BIOCHEM. 01/2009; 73(5):1123-1128.
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    ABSTRACT: A culture filtrate of Bacillus sp. KT12 was used to prepare polyphenyl beta-oligoxylosides from xylan and polyphenols in a one-step reaction. One oligoxyloside transfer enzyme was purified from multiple xylanolytic enzymes in the culture filtrate. N-terminal amino acid sequence determination classified the enzyme as a glycosyl hydrolase family 11 (endo-xylanase). The xylanolytic enzyme activities could be markedly altered; its hydrolytic activity was almost entirely inhibited at acidic pH, whereas near constant transxylosylation activity was observed at pH 4-11. Further, metal ions activated transxylosylation and almost completely inhibited hydrolysis. The enzyme specifically induced a beta-xylosyl transfer reaction to acceptor molecules, such as divalent and trivalent phenolic hydroxyl groups, and displayed no activity toward alcoholic compounds. The Bacillus sp. KT12 xylanolytic enzyme was a suitable enzyme for the synthesis of polyphenyl beta-oligoxylosides.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 10/2008; 72(9):2285-93. · 1.27 Impact Factor