Kyoung Sook Jeong

Dongguk University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (13)32.45 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background It is uncertain whether folate is risk or preventive factor for allergic and respiratory diseases. Objective To determine the relationship between maternal or offspring folate status and subsequent development of allergic and respiratory diseases in early childhood. Methods In total, 917 mother-child pairs from a prospective birth cohort in South Korea were studied. Data regarding the children's allergic and respiratory outcomes were obtained from standardized questionnaires completed by the mothers at postnatal months 6, 12, and 24. Serum folate levels were measured in the mothers at mid- and late-pregnancy, and in their children at 24 months of age. Atopic biomarkers were measured in the cord blood (CB) and at 24 months after birth. Biomarkers and clinical outcomes were analyzed and compared between the mother-child pairs divided into two groups according to median serum folate status at mid- and late-pregnancy. ResultsSerum folate levels during mid-pregnancy were inversely associated with CB eosinophil count (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 0.72, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54–0.96) and positively associated with CB interleukin-10 levels (1.47, 1.11-1.94). Maternal folate level above the median value (≥9.5 ng/ml) during mid-pregnancy was associated with a decreased risk for the child of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) at 6 months of age (adjusted OR 0.50, 95% CI 0.28-0.91) and atopic dermatitis (AD) at 24 months (adjusted OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.31–0.88), but not with LRTIs and AD at other ages. ConclusionsA relatively high maternal serum folate level in mid-pregnancy was associated with a decreased risk of LRTIs and AD in early childhood. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Pediatric Pulmonology 03/2014; · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: A great deal of research has been devoted to identifying subclinical functional brain abnormalities in manganese (Mn)-exposed welders. However, no previous study has investigated morphological brain abnormalities, such as changes in brain volume, in welders. This study evaluates morphological changes in brain volume among welders, and investigates the relationship between structural brain abnormalities and subclinical dysfunction in this population. METHODS: We used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to assess differences in gray- and white matter brain volumes between 40 welders with chronic Mn exposure and 26 age-matched control subjects. Correlation analyses were used to investigate the relationship between brain volume changes and decreased performance on neurobehavioral tests. RESULTS: Brain volumes in the globus pallidus and cerebellar regions were significantly diminished in welders with chronic Mn exposure compared to controls (FDR-corrected p<0.05). These changes in brain volume were negatively correlated with cognitive performance and grooved pegboard scores. CONCLUSION: There are measurable brain volume reductions in the globus pallidus and cerebellum of welders chronically exposed to Mn, and these volume reductions correlate with cognitive and motor neurobehavioral deficits. Our findings therefore indicate that volumetric measurement could be a useful subclinical marker among welders that show no signs of manganism.
    NeuroToxicology 05/2013; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between intrauterine exposure to cadmium and the presence of atopic dermatitis in infants 6 months of age, adjusted for covariates including exposure to other heavy metals. The present research is a component of the Mothers' and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study, a multi-center birth cohort project conducted in Korea. Study subjects were restricted to pregnant women in whom cadmium and lead levels were measured at delivery and whose infants were assessed for the presence of atopic disease at 6 months of age. The odds ratio (OR) for the presence of atopic dermatitis in 6-month-old infants whose cord blood had elevated cadmium levels, after adjustment for other covariates, was 2.350 (95% CI, 1.126-4.906). The OR for the presence of atopic dermatitis in infants whose cord blood had elevated lead levels was not significant. In the present study, the cord blood cadmium level was significantly associated with the presence of atopic dermatitis in 6-month-old infants; this was not true of the cord blood lead level. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first prospective study to show a relationship between prenatal exposure to cadmium and atopic dermatitis in infancy.
    Journal of Korean medical science 04/2013; 28(4):516-21. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic exposure to manganese (Mn), which can be an occupational hazard or can result from liver failure, is associated with adverse motor and cognitive outcomes. Evidence from previous neuroimaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies suggested alteration of function in Mn-exposed brains. However, the effect of chronic exposure of the human brain to Mn on white matter (WM) structure has not yet been determined. In the present study, we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to investigate whether welders exposed to Mn demonstrate differences in WM integrity, compared with control subjects. Fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD) were measured on a voxel-wise basis in 30 male welders with exposure to Mn and in 19 age- and gender-matched control subjects. Direct comparison between welders and controls using investigator-independent Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) voxel-wise analysis of DTI metrics revealed a reduction of FA in the corpus callosum (CC) and frontal WM in Mn-exposed welders. Further, marked increases in RD and negligible changes in AD suggested that the microstructural changes in the CC and frontal WM result from compromised radial directionality of fibers in these areas, caused primarily by demyelination. Correlation analysis with neurobehavioral performance also suggested that the microstructural abnormalities were associated with subtle motor and cognitive differences in welders.
    NeuroToxicology 01/2011; 32(1):100-9. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a previous study, regional delivery of manganese (Mn)ions within the brain revealed that the metal accumulates in the basal ganglia, where it induces degeneration of the globus pallidus. Degeneration of the basal ganglia impairs motor ability by compromising an important neural circuit involved in the regulation of motor control. Therefore, much research has been devoted to identifying a sensitive and non-invasive imaging marker to evaluate the functional correlates of Mn-related brain dysfunction. We performed the first-ever sequential finger-tapping functional MRI (fMRI) experiment to investigate the behavioural significance of additionally recruited brain regions in welders with chronic Mn exposure. During the finger tapping task, activation of the bilateral primary sensorimotor cortex (SM1), bilateral supplementary motor area (SMA), bilateral dorsolateral premotor cortex, bilateral superior parietal cortex and ipsilateral dentate nucleus was higher in the welding group (42 welders) than in the control group (26 controls). The pallidal index correlated with the activation observed in the contralateral SM1 for the finger tapping task of the left hand. The fMRI variables correlated with motor behaviour. Grooved Pegboard performances (right hand) correlated with activation, as seen in the ipsilateral and contralateral SMAs obtained during the finger tapping task of the right hand. Our findings suggest that increased brain activation results from the compensational activation of ancillary cortical pathways, which ensures adequate motor function.
    Occupational and environmental medicine 12/2010; 67(12):809-15. · 3.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic manganese (Mn) exposure often leads to impairments in fine motor and cognitive functions, particularly memory. However, the neural correlates of Mn-induced alterations in memory remain unclear. In the present study, we performed functional MRI (fMRI) with 2-back memory tests to assess the neural correlates of Mn-induced memory impairment in response to subclinical dysfunction in the working memory networks in welders exposed to Mn for extended periods of time. Within-group and between-group analyses revealed that brain activity in working memory networks was increased in welders with chronic Mn exposure during the 2-back verbal working memory task compared to healthy control individuals. Therefore, our fMRI findings indicate that welders might require more neural resources in working memory networks to compensate for subtle deficits in working memory and altered working memory processes, even if they performed the tasks at the same level as healthy control individuals.
    NeuroImage 12/2010; 53(4):1279-85. · 6.25 Impact Factor
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    Yangho Kim, Kyoung Sook Jeong, Yong-Hun Yun, Myoung-Soon Oh
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    ABSTRACT: This article presents a schematic review of the clinical manifestations of occupational neurologic disorders in Korea and discusses the toxicologic implications of these conditions. Vascular encephalopathy, parkinsonism, chronic toxic encephalopathy, cerebellar dysfunction, peripheral neuropathy, and neurodegenerative diseases are common presentations of occupational neurotoxic syndromes in Korea. Few neurotoxins cause patients to present with pathognomic neurologic syndrome. Detailed neurologic examinations and categorization of the clinical manifestations of neurologic disorders will improve the clinical management of occupational neurologic diseases. Physicians must be aware of the typical signs and symptoms of possible exposure to neurotoxins, and they should also pay attention to less-typical, rather-vague symptoms and signs in workers because the toxicologic characteristics of occupational neurologic diseases in Korea have changed from typical patterns to less-typical or equivocal patterns. This shift is likely to be due to several years of low-dose exposure, perhaps combined with the effects of aging, and new types of possibly toxicant-related neurodegenerative diseases. Close collaboration between neurologists and occupational physicians is needed to determine whether neurologic disorders are work-related.
    Journal of Clinical Neurology 06/2010; 6(2):64-72. · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate which T1-wieghted technique between 3D gradient-echo (FSPGR) and conventional spin-echo (SE) sequence is more sensitive predictor of neurobehavioral dysfunction found in welders with chronic manganese (Mn) acquired at 3 Tesla. Forty-three current male welders and 29 age- and gender-matched, nonwelding production workers (control individuals) were recruited to the present study. Each subject underwent neurological examination, blood sample collection, and neurobehavioral tests, in addition to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination. The MRI examinations were performed using a 3.0 Tesla whole-body scanner. T1-weighted axial images were obtained using SE and FSPGR with a 180 degrees inversion recovery prepared pulse, and the corresponding pallidal indices (PI), PI (SE), and PI (FSPGR), were calculated. Both PI (SE) and PI (FSPGR) were well correlated with blood Mn level, but only PI (FSPGR) was significantly correlated with air Mn concentration (P = 0.007). Of the neurobehavioral performance indicators, after controlling for covariates, PI (FSPGR) was significantly associated with cognitive components, such as the digit symbol score, the digit span backward score, the Stroop test score and also with the grooved pegboard (dominant hand) score, whereas PI (SE) was associated only with grooved pegboard (dominant hand) score. PI using a T1-weighted 3D FSPGR sequence shows the best correlation with neurobehavioral performance indicators and is the best measure for detection of blood and airborne Mn concentrations in welders exposed to excessive occupational Mn.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 04/2010; 31(4):1020-6. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Occupational and environmental exposure to manganese (Mn) is associated with various neurobehavioral and movement dysfunctions. However, few studies have systemically examined the neurochemical effects of Mn exposure. We examined typical changes in cerebral metabolite ratios in welders chronically exposed to Mn, compared with control individuals, using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), investigated whether an abnormality in brain metabolism is associated with neurobehavioral changes, and assessed possible implications of chronic Mn exposure. Thirty-five welders chronically exposed to Mn and 20 age-matched healthy subjects underwent single-voxel MRS at short echo time to assess the N-acetylaspartate (NAA), myoinositol (mI), total choline (tCho), and glutamine plus glutamate (Glx) levels, each of which was expressed as a ratio to total creatine (tCr). Neurobehavioral tests were also performed to define cognitive status. NAA/tCr, Glx/tCr, and tCho/tCr ratios in the frontal gray matter (anterior cingulate cortex; ACC) and parietal white matter did not differ significantly between welders and control subjects. These metabolite ratios did not correlate significantly with blood Mn concentration or neurobehavioral parameters. However, mI levels in the ACC, but not in the parietal white matter, were significantly reduced in welders compared with control individuals (P<0.01). Furthermore, in the frontal lobe of the brain, the mI/tCr ratio was significantly correlated with verbal memory scores as well as blood Mn concentration (P<0.05). The cognitive decline observed in welders exposed to Mn was associated with a decreased mI/tCr ratio in the ACC. The depletion of mI in welders may reflect possible glial cell swelling and/or detoxification processes associated with long-term exposure to Mn.
    NeuroToxicology 07/2009; 30(6):950-7. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate subclinical neurological effects in welders, using an extensive list of neurobehavioral batteries and determine if there is a link between pallidal index (PI) and subclinical neurobehavioral effects in the spectrum of manganese (Mn) symptomatology. A total of 43 asymptomatic male welders and 29 age- and sex-matched healthy control individuals completed questionnaires, and underwent blood examinations, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, and a wide range of neurobehavioral examinations. Digit symbol, auditory verbal learning test (delayed recall), complex figure test (copy and immediate recall), digit span, verbal fluency test, Stroop test, grooved pegboard, finger tapping, frequency dispersion and harmonic index of tremor, and maximum frequency of hand coordination showed differences between welders and control individuals. No differences were noted for simple reaction time, postural sway, smell test, and profile of mood states (POMS). Blood Mn levels were shown to be significantly associated with grooved pegboard (dominant hand) and complex figure test (copy) results. PI was significantly associated with digit symbol, digit span backward, Stroop Word and Stroop error index, and grooved pegboard (dominant hand) results. The present findings that there were significant correlations between several neurobehavioral deficits and PI as well as blood Mn suggest that they may be attributed to Mn exposure in welding fumes. The present study also shows that PI is a better predictor of neurobehavioral performance than blood Mn levels in asymptomatic welders.
    NeuroToxicology 05/2009; 30(4):555-63. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 58-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to progressive skin darkening, which began 5 months previously. The patient had strikingly diffuse blue-gray discoloration of the skin, most prominent in sun-exposed areas, especially her face and hands. The oral mucosa, tongue, gums, eye conjunctiva, ears, nail beds, and trunk were also involved. Bluish-gray discoloration of all nails was aggravated by cold weather. She had ingested 1 L of colloidal silver solution daily for approximately 16 months as a traditional remedy. Her serum silver concentration was 381 ng/ml which was a very high (reference level: <15 ng/ml). Light microscopic examination of a punch biopsy specimen from her nose revealed fine, minute, round, and brown-black granules deposited in the basement membrane of hair follicular epithelium. Scanning electron microscopic examination showed electron-dense granules deposited in the intercellular space of sweat glands. Energy disperse X-ray spectrometry analysis demonstrated peaks for silver and sulfur in the dense black deposits. The ingestion of colloidal silver appears to be an increasing practice among patients using alternative health practices. All silver-containing products including colloidal silver should be labeled with a clear warning to prevent argyria, especially in alternative health practices.
    American Journal of Industrial Medicine 12/2008; 52(3):246-50. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Occupational Health 08/2007; 49(4):305-10. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate neurobehavioral changes arising from occupational exposure to organic solvents among shipyard painters and to establish whether a dose-effect relation existed where there was any observed impairment of neurobehavioral performance by running the test of Simple Reaction Time (SRT), Symbol Digit Substitution (SD), and Finger Tapping Speed (FT) with a computer-assisted neurobehavioral test battery. The study group consisted of 180 shipyard painters and 60 reference workers. The workers answered a self-administered questionnaire on occupational, medical history, and demographic characteristics including age, work duration, education level, and quantity and frequency of alcohol and smoking, and performed three psychometric tests on the Korean Computerized Neurobehavioral tests. To estimate cumulative exposure level, samples of ambient air on 61 painters were analyzed using a gas chromatograph. Shipyard painters and the reference group showed significant differences in the results of test of SD, FT of dominant hand, and FT of non-dominant hand. The test results of SD of shipyard painters also showed significant difference by duration of work. This suggests that occupational exposure of organic solvent could induce neurobehavioral changes in the shipyard painters. Therefore an objective neurobehavioral tests recommended on evaluating neurobehavioral performance of long-term solvent-exposed shipyard workers.
    Industrial Health 05/2005; 43(2):320-6. · 0.87 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

123 Citations
32.45 Total Impact Points


  • 2009–2014
    • Dongguk University
      • Department of Preventive Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2013
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2009–2010
    • Kyungpook National University Hospital
      • Department of Radiology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea