Yue-Xiang Wang

Fudan University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (10)11.32 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Tbx1 is the major candidate gene for DiGeorge syndrome (DGS). Similar to defects observed in DGS patients, the structures disrupted in Tbx1(-/-) animal models are derived from the neural crest cells during development. Although the morphological phenotypes of some Tbx1 knock-down animal models have been well described, analysis of the cardiac performance is limited. Therefore, myocardial performance was explored in Tbx1 morpholino injected zebrafish embryos. To elucidate these issues, Tbx1 specific morpholino was used to reduce the function of Tbx1 in zebrafish. The differentiation of the myocardial cells was observed using whole mount in situ hybridization. Heart rates were observed and recorded under the microscope from 24 to 72 hours post fertilization (hpf). The cardiac performance was analyzed by measuring ventricular shortening fraction and atrial shortening fraction. Tbx1 morpholino injected embryos were characterized by defects in the pharyngeal arches, otic vesicle, aortic arches and thymus. In addition, Tbx1 knock down reduced the amount of pharyngeal neural crest cells in zebrafish. Abnormal cardiac morphology was visible in nearly 20% of the Tbx1 morpholino injected embryos. The hearts in these embryos did not loop or loop incompletely. Importantly, cardiac performance and heart rate were reduced in Tbx1 morpholino injected embryos. Tbx1 might play an essential role in the development of pharyngeal neural crest cells in zebrafish. Cardiac performance is impaired by Tbx1 knock down in zebrafish.
    Chinese medical journal 05/2010; 123(9):1182-9. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • Progress in Biochemistry and Biophysics - PROG BIOCHEM BIOPHYS. 01/2010; 37(8):897-903.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the development and opsin expression of zebrafish photoreceptors after CRX gene knock-down. It was a experimental study. CRX-MOs was microinjected into the zygote of zebrafish. Seventy-two and 96 hours post fertilization, we prepared the eye histological slides, electron microscope samples and whole mount in-situ hybridizations to study the development and opsin expression. of photoreceptors. There were no obvious histological changes in optical microscope observation after CRX-MOs microinjection. Outer segments were developed in control and blank groups, but no obvious outer segment was found in CRX group by electron microscope observation. Opsin Rho, SWS1 and SWS2 were expressed in control and blank groups and the expression of these genes was obviously decreased in CRX group. CRX gene can influence the development and opsins expression of photoreceptors outer segments in zebrafish.
    [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology 06/2008; 44(5):448-54.
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    ABSTRACT: Folic acid is very important for embryonic development and dihydrofolate reductase is one of the key enzymes in the process of folic acid performing its biological function. Therefore, the dysfunction of dihydrofolate reductase can inhibit the function of folic acid and finally cause the developmental malformations. In this study, we observed the abnormal cardiac phenotypes in dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) gene knock-down zebrafish embryos, investigated the effect of DHFR on the expression of heart and neural crest derivatives expressed transcript 2 (HAND2) and explored the possible mechanism of DHFR knock-down inducing zebrafish cardiac malformations. Morpholino oligonucleotides were microinjected into fertilized eggs to knock down the functions of DHFR or HAND2. Full length of HAND2 mRNA which was transcribed in vitro was microinjected into fertilized eggs to overexpress HAND2. The cardiac morphologies, the heart rates and the ventricular shortening fraction were observed and recorded under the microscope at 48 hours post fertilization. Whole-mount in situ hybridization and real-time PCR were performed to detect HAND2 expression. DHFR or HAND2 knock-down caused the cardiac malformation in zebrafish. The expression of HAND2 was obviously reduced in DHFR knock-down embryos (P < 0.05). Microinjecting HAND2 mRNA into fertilized eggs can induce HAND2 overexpression. HAND2 overexpression rescued the cardiac malformation phenotypes of DHFR knock-down embryos. DHFR plays a crucial role in cardiac development. The down-regulation of HAND2 caused by DHFR knock-down is the possible mechanism of DHFR knock-down inducing the cardiac malformation.
    Chinese medical journal 08/2007; 120(13):1166-71. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac contractility is regulated tightly as an extrinsic and intrinsic homeostatic mechanism to the heart. The molecular basis of the intrinsic system is largely unknown. Here, we test the hypothesis that bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) mediates embryonic cardiac contractility upstream of myocyte-specific enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A). The BMP-2 and MEF2A expression pattern was analyzed by RT-PCR, Western blotting, whole-mount in situ hybridization, and an in vivo transgenic approach. The cardiac phenotype of BMP-2 and MEF2A knock-down zebrafish embryos was analysed. Cardiac contractions were recorded with a video camera. Myofibrillar organization was observed with transmission electron microscopy. Gene expression profiles were performed by quantitative real-time PCR analysis. We demonstrate that BMP-2 and MEF2A are co-expressed in embryonic and neonatal cardiac myocytes. Furthermore, we provide evidence that BMP-2 is required for cardiac contractility in vitro and in vivo and that MEF2A expression can be activated by BMP-2 signaling in neonatal cardiomyocytes. BMP-2 is involved in the assembly of the cardiac contractile apparatus. Finally, we find that exogenous MEF2A is sufficient to rescue ventricular contractility defects in the absence of BMP-2 function. In all, these observations indicate that BMP-2 and MEF2A are key components of a pathway that controls the cardiac ventricular contractility and suggest that the BMP2-MEF2A pathway can offer new opportunities for the treatment of heart failure.
    Cardiovascular Research 06/2007; 74(2):290-303. · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect of methotrexate (MTX), a folic acid antagonist which can lead to folic acid deficient, on the cardiac development and on the expressions of BMP2b and HAS2 in zebrafish. The zebrafish embryos at 6-48 hrs post fertilization (hpf) were treated with various concentrations of MTX (0.5 x 10(-3), 1.0 x 10(-3) and 2.0 x 10(-3) M). At 48 hpf, the percentage of cardiac malformation and heart rate were recorded. The zebrafish embryos at 6-10 hpf treated with 1.5 x 10(-3) M MTX were used as the MTX treatment group. At 24 and 48 hpf the cardiac morphology was observed under a microscope. The expressions of BMP2b and HAS2 in zebrafish were detected by in situ antisense RNA hybridization and real-time PCR. 6-12 hpf, the early embryonic developmental stage, was a sensitive period that MTX affected cardiac formation of zebrafish. The retardant cardiac development and the evidently abnormal cardiac morphology was found in the MTX treatment group. The results of in situ antisense RNA hybridization showed that the expressions of BMP2b and HAS2 in the zebrafish heart were reduced in the MTX treatment group at 36 and 48 hpf. The real-time PCR results demonstrated that the BMP2b expression decreased at 12, 24, 36 and 48 hpf, and that the HAS2 expression decreased at 24, 36 and 48 hpf in the treatment group compared with the control group without MTX treatment. The inhibition of folic acid function may affect cardiac development of early embryos, resulting in a retardant development and a morphological abnormality of the heart in zebrafish, possibly by down-regulating the expressions of BMP2b and HAS2.
    Zhongguo dang dai er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of contemporary pediatrics 05/2007; 9(2):159-63.
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    ABSTRACT: DiGeorge/del22q11 syndrome is one of the most common genetic causes of outflow tract and aortic arch defects in human. DiGeorge/del22q11 is thought to involve an embryonic defect restricted to the pharyngeal arches and the corresponding pharyngeal pouches. Previous studies have evidenced that retinoic acid (RA) signaling is definitely indispensable for the development of the pharyngeal arches. Tbx1, one of the T-box containing genes, is proved to be the most attractive candidate gene for DiGeorge/del22q11 syndrome. However, the interaction between RA and Tbx1 has not been fully investigated. Exploring the interaction will contribute to discover the molecular pathways disrupted in DiGeorge/del22q11 syndrome, and will also be essential for understanding genetic basis for congenital heart disease. It now seems possible that genes and molecular pathways disrupted in DiGeorge syndrome will also account for some isolated cases of congenital heart disease. Accordingly, the present study aimed to extensively study the effects of external RA on the cardiac development and Tbx1 expression during zebrafish embryogenesis. The chemical genetics approach was applied by treating zebrafish embryos with 5 x 10(-8) mol/L RA and 10(-7) mol/L RA at 12.5 hour post fertilization (hpf). The expression patterns of Tbx1 were monitored by whole-mount in situ hybridization and quantitative real-time RT-PCR, respectively. The zebrafish embryos treated with 5 x 10(-8) mol/L RA and 10(-7) mol/L RA for 1.5 h at 12.5 hpf exhibited selective defects of abnormal heart tube. The results of whole-mount in situ hybridization with Tbx1 RNA probe showed that Tbx1 was expressed in cardiac region, pharyngeal arches and otic vesicle during zebrafish embryogenesis. RA treatment led to a distinct spatio-temporal expression pattern for Tbx1 from that in wild type embryo. The real-time PCR analysis showed that Tbx1 expression levels were markedly reduced by RA treatment. Tbx1 expression in the pharyngeal arches and heart were obviously down regulated compared to the wild type embryos. In contrast to 5 x 10(-8) mol/L RA-treated groups, 10(-7) mol/L RA caused a more severe effect on the Tbx1 expression level. These results suggested that there was a genetic link between RA and Tbx1 during development of zebrafish embryo. RA could produce an altered Tbx1 expression pattern in zebrafish. RA may regulate the Tbx1 expression in a dose-dependant manner. RA could represent a major epigenetic factor to cause abnormal expression of Tbx1, secondarily, disrupt the pharyngeal arch and heart development.
    Zhonghua er ke za zhi. Chinese journal of pediatrics 05/2007; 45(4):267-71.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the frequency of MSI in epithelial ovarian tumors and its relationship with clinicopathologic features. Ninety fresh specimens of epithelial ovarian tumors, including 74 primary and 16 secondary tumors, were collected. Microsatellite analysis was carried out using 5 mono-and dinucleotide markers from the National Cancer Institute Consensus Panel by fluorescence-labeled polymerase chain reaction. Of 90 epithelial ovarian tumors analyzed, 18 demonstrated a high level of microsatellite instability (MSI-H), 30 demonstrated a low level of microsatellite instability (MSI-L), and the remaining 42 exhibited microsatellite stability (MSS). Frequency of microsatellite instability (MSI) at loci BAT-25 was higher than that at any other loci. No correlation was found between MSI level and patient age, tumor type, tumor differentiation (P>0.05). But the microsatellite instability-high phenotype correlates with clinical stage. It tended to occur more frequently in early-stage tumors (P=0.03). The frequent MSI in epithelial ovarian tumors suggests that it is an early event to involve in the development of epithelial ovarian tumors.
    Beijing da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Peking University. Health sciences 03/2006; 38(1):62-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Myocyte-specific enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A) regulates a broad range of fundamental cellular processes including cell division, differentiation and death. Here, we tested the hypothesis that MEF2A is required in cardiac contractility employing zebrafish as a model organism. MEF2A is highly expressed in heart as well as somites during zebrafish embryogenesis. Knock-down of MEF2A in zebrafish impaires the cardiac contractility and results in sarcomere assembly defects. Dysregulation of cardiac genes in MEF2A morphants suggests that sarcomere assembly disturbances account for the cardiac contractile deficiency. Our studies suggested that MEF2A is essential in cardiac contractility.
    FEBS Letters 09/2005; 579(21):4843-50. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor angiogenesis plays a pivotal role in the progress of tumor. Among the various endogenous angiogenic inhibitors discovered, the human plasminogen kringle 5 (K5) has been demonstrated to be a potential inhibitor of the proliferation and migration of vascular endothelial cells in vitro. The replication-incompetent adenovirus (Ad) vector Adeno-X-CMV-K5 (Ad-K5) (where CMV is cytomegalovirus) was constructed and its antiangiogenic effect was tested on vascular endothelial cell and tumor cell. For the construction, the K5 cDNA was fused in-frame with human plasminogen signal sequence and inserted into the eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3 to form pcDNA3K5. The recombinant plasmid was subcloned into the shuttle plasmid pShuttle under the control of the constitutive CMV immediate-early promoter. The plasmid carrying the cDNA for K5 (pShuttleKS) was then recombined with the Adeno-X viral DNA and transformed into E. coli DH5alpha. The resultant recombinant plasmid pAd-K5 was transfected into human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells with liposome. The adenovirus expressing human plasminogen kringle 5 (Ad-K5) was successfully packaged and propagated in 293 cells, as detected by the cytopathic effect (CPE) on the cells, and the viral titer in the supernatant was 5 x 10(8) pfu/mL by plaque assay. Both human umbilical vein endothelial cell line ECV304 and human breast carcinoma cell line MDA-MB-231 were infected with Ad-K5 and Ad-LacZ, which was used the negative control, and assayed by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. Compared with uninfected control and Ad-LacZ infected control, Ad-K5 infected group at 80 MOI (multiplicity of infection) significantly inhibited ECV304 proliferation; the difference between uninfected control and Ad-LacZ infected control was not significant. In contrast, there was no significant difference in the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 among all the treatments. In addition, the Ad-K5 at 100 MOI inhibited the differentiation and tube formation of ECV304 on ECMatrix gel. These results suggested that the recombinant replication-defective Adenovirus expressing human plasminogen kringle 5 inhibited the proliferation, differentiation and tube formation of ECV304 and had no effect on the proliferation of MDA-MB-231. Adenovirus mediated human plasminogen kringle 5 gene therapy may be a potential treatment of cancer through angiogenesis inhibition.
    Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology 04/2003; 19(2):217-22.