R R Seghi

The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States

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Publications (52)98.9 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An incompletely formed tooth is left with thin dentin walls and experiences a higher incidence of cervical root fracture that reduces the long-term overall prognosis of the tooth. Faced with these situations, clinicians have attempted to use various restorative methods to reinforce the remaining root. Various techniques have been reported, and the scientific evidence for each has been reviewed. The biomechanical considerations of reinforcing a weakened root are also reviewed, and the most current information about failure analysis, fracture characteristics of natural dentin, and in vitro test configurations used have been considered. In light of these additional considerations, some recommendations for future understanding of this complex problem have been proposed.
    Journal of endodontics 03/2013; 39(3 Suppl):S57-62. · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of crack interactions on stress intensity factors is examined for a periodic array of coplanar penny-shaped cracks. Kachanov’s approximate method for crack interactions [Kachanov, M., 1987. Elastic solids with many cracks: a simple method of analysis. International Journal of Solids and Structures 23 (1), 23–43] is employed to analyze both hexagonal and square crack configurations. In approximating crack interactions, the solution converges when the total truncation number of the cracks is 109. As expected, due to high density packing crack interaction in the hexagonal configuration is stronger than that in the square configuration. Based on the numerical results, convenient fitting equations for quick evaluation of the mode I stress intensity factors are obtained as a function of crack density and angle around the crack edge for both crack configurations. Numerical results for the mode II and III stress intensity factors are presented in the form of contour lines for the case of Poisson’s ratio ν = 0.3. Possible errors for these problems due to Kachanov’s approximate method are estimated. Good agreement is observed with the limited number of results available in the literature and obtained by different methods.
    International Journal of Solids and Structures 01/2013; 50(1):186–200. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ceramic laminate veneers are generally fabricated with varying thicknesses ranging from 0.3 to 1 mm, depending on the need to mask discolored teeth or slightly correct the contour of malpositioned teeth. Clinical color reproduction poses a challenge because of color interaction with the underlying substrate, whether tooth structure or esthetic restorative material. The purpose of this in vitro investigation was to measure the effect of color change resulting from applying 2 shades of ceramic material, translucent (T1) and opaque (O2), to 2 shades of composite resin substrate material, light (A3) and dark (C4), on the overall color of ceramic laminates. Forty disks were fabricated. Twenty disks (15 × 0.5 mm) were cut from pressed ceramic, 10 disks for each shade (translucent and opaque). Additionally, 20 disks (15 × 4.0 mm) were fabricated from light-polymerized composite resin material, 10 disks for each shade (light and dark). The ceramic disks were bonded to the composite resin disks with clear resin cement. The specimen combinations were divided into 4 groups (n=5). Color measurements were done with a colorimeter (Minolta Chroma Meter CR-200b) configured with diffuse illumination/0-degree viewing geometry. Mean CIE lightness (L*), chroma (C*(ab)), and hue angle (h(ab)) values were obtained. A 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the means and standard deviations between the different color combinations (α=.05), followed by Tukey's HSD post hoc test for significant interactions. The 2-way ANOVA showed significant differences (P<.001) in L*, C*(ab), and h(ab) for a change in the composite resin substrate, regardless of the ceramic material shade. There was significant color change from dark to light substrate (P=.044). The mean h(ab) (SD) of dark substrate/opaque veneer was 89.62 (1.5), while the mean h(ab) of light substrate/translucent veneer was 81.23 (1.7). Within the limitations of this study, the selected color of a 0.5 mm ceramic laminate veneer was significantly affected by the change in color of the supporting substrate.
    The Journal of prosthetic dentistry 09/2011; 106(3):179-83. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Explicit analytical expressions are obtained for the longitudinal and transverse effective spring stiffnesses of a planar periodic array of collinear cracks at the interface between two dissimilar isotropic materials; they are shown to be identical in a general case of elastic dissimilarity (the well-known open interface crack model is employed for the solution). Since the interfacial spring stiffness can be experimentally determined from ultrasound reflection and transmission analysis, the proposed expressions can be useful in estimating the percentage of disbond area between two dissimilar materials, which is directly related to the residual strength of the interface. The effects of elastic dissimilarity, crack density and crack interaction on the effective spring stiffness are clearly represented in the solution. It is shown that in general the crack interaction weakly depends on material dissimilarity and, for most practical cases, the crack interaction is nearly the same as that for crack arrays between identical solids. This allows approximate factorization of the effective spring stiffness for an array of cracks between dissimilar materials in terms of an elastic dissimilarity factor and two factors obtained for cracks in a homogeneous material: the effective spring stiffness for non-interacting (independent) cracks and the crack interaction factor. In order to avoid the effect of the crack surface interpenetration zones on the effective spring stiffness, the range of the tensile to transverse load ratios is obtained under the assumption of small-scale contact conditions. Since real cracks are often slightly open (due to prior loading history and plastic deformation), it is demonstrated that for ultrasound applications the results obtained are valid for most practical cases of small interfacial cracks as long as the mid-crack opening normalized by the crack length is at least in the order of 10(-5).
    Mechanics of Materials 02/2011; 43(2):87-98. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    X Hu, W M Johnston, R R Seghi
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    ABSTRACT: Color information from different color-measuring systems varies during color matching in maxillofacial prosthetics. We studied the hypothesis that a non-contact measuring system and 4 contact color-measuring instruments perform comparably in accuracy and precision on measurements of pigmented maxillofacial elastomer specimens having human skin colors. Measurement comparisons in accuracy on opaque standard color patches were made in Phase I. In Phase II, the system with the best accuracy was used as the reference instrument, and comparisons in accuracy and precision on elastomer specimens were made. The CIEDE2000 color difference formula was used. Repeated-measures ANOVA with Tukey testing and linear regression analysis for CIELAB and color differences among the instruments were performed. The contact measuring systems perform differently in accuracy, possibly due to edge loss and other factors, but performed comparably in precision with the non-contact measuring instrument. This non-contact system is recommended for color measurement of maxillofacial prosthetic materials.
    Journal of dental research 12/2010; 89(12):1522-7. · 3.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A bonded crack model method is presented for estimation of the stress intensity factor (SIF) for a 3D half-penny shaped crack originating at a bonded interface subjected to remote constant tensile and proportional bending loadings. Closed-form approximations are obtained for the SIF as a function of modulus ratio of bonded dissimilar materials. A combination of bonded crack model method and macro-level stress calculations in a structure without a crack (uncracked body analysis) significantly simplifies accurate estimation of SIF. The method was validated using 3D finite element computations. Since the proposed method requires no repetitive stress calculation as crack size changes, it is useful in life predictions.
    Engineering Fracture Mechanics. 01/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: The stress intensity factor (SIF) of a half-penny shaped crack normal to the interface in the top layer of a three-layer bonded structure is obtained by the finite element method for a wide range of parameters. To obtain a simple estimate of the SIF, the method of reduction of an idealized cracked trilayer domain to that of a corresponding bilayer domain has been introduced based on the notion of an equivalent homogeneous material substitution for the two bottom layers. The results obtained are utilized in estimating the SIF of a small crack at the interface in a trilayer structure subjected to an indentation load based on the stress calculations in a corresponding uncracked structure. The simplification method may be useful in predicting brittle failure initiating from interfacial flaws in layered structural components with complex geometries that would normally require extensive computational modeling.
    Engineering Fracture Mechanics - ENG FRACTURE MECH. 01/2009; 76(16):2464-2475.
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    ABSTRACT: The use of composite resins for the restoration of posterior teeth is popular because of the improved performance and appearance of these materials. Wear resistance continues to be of particular importance when restoring large occlusal areas in posterior teeth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relative wear characteristics of 2 recently introduced nanofiller-based composite resins (Filtek Supreme, Premise) and compare them to the more traditional microhybrid (Point 4) and microfill (Heliomolar RO) materials that have been used for many years. Six specimens (2 mm thick and 15 mm in diameter) of each material were subjected to 3-body wear tests using the Oregon Health Sciences University Oral Wear Simulator to produce abrasive wear and attrition for all specimens using human enamel as the opposing cusp. Profilometric tracings of the worn surfaces were used to determine the relative abrasive wear, attrition wear, and roughness (Ra) of the composite resin substrate. The mean diameter of the antagonist enamel wear facets was determined under a measuring microscope. Qualitative SEM analysis was also used to assess the surface appearance of the resulting enamel and composite resin wear facets. The data were analyzed by 1-way ANOVA and Tukey's multiple range post hoc test (alpha=.05). The results indicated that the composite resin type did not significantly affect the amount of measured attrition (P=.15) but did significantly affect abrasive wear (P=.02). The conventional microfill composite resin (Heliomolar RO) exhibited significantly less abrasive wear than the nanohybrid material (Premise). There was no significant difference in the average size of the opposing enamel wear facet generated by the different composite resin materials. Heliomolar RO resulted in a significantly rougher surface within the wear track than either nanohybrid composite resin (Premise) or microhybrid composite resin (Point 4) but was not significantly different than nanofilled composite resin (Filtek Supreme). The incorporation of nanofillers in 2 of the composite resin materials tested did not significantly improve their wear resistance or the amount of opposing cusp wear when compared to the traditional materials tested.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 07/2008; 99(6):435-43. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To guard against the potential risk of cusp fracture, esthetic onlay restorations have been advocated for teeth with large restorations. The influence of the adhesive resin cement is believed to play a role in strengthening these restorations. The durability of this tooth/adhesive/ceramic interface is critical to ensure clinical longevity. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of cyclic loading and environmental aging on the residual interface strength of a ceramic bonded to dentin structure. Eighteen simple trilayer specimens were fabricated, consisting of a 1.5-mm-thick ceramic plate (ProCAD) bonded to a flattened human molar tooth with exposed coronal dentin. The ceramic plates were bonded using resin cement (Nexus 2) and manufacturer-recommended bonding techniques. The specimens were divided into 3 equal groups and were stored in water at 37 degrees C for 10 weeks as a control group (CT), 9 months as an aging group (AG), or placed in water at 37 degrees C while being subjected to 10 million vertical loading cycles between 20 N to 200 N, as a fatigue group (FG). After the specimens were subjected to the experimental conditions, they were sectioned perpendicular to the flat ceramic surface into 1 x 1-mm sticks. The mean residual interface microtensile bond (MTB) strength was determined for each specimen using only those sticks which contained ceramic bonded to dentin. The MTB strength data were analyzed using Weibull analysis methods to determine differences between groups. All subsequent failed specimen surfaces were evaluated under a stereomicroscope at x10 magnification to determine the apparent failure modes. Some specimens were selected from each failure mode category for surface evaluation under a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The characteristic Weibull means for the 3 groups were CT, 19.2, FG, 14.7, and AG, 11.7. The bond strength of group CT was significantly greater than both AG (P=.007) and FG (P=.014). Light microscopic categorization of the failure modes suggests that adhesive failure at the ceramic/cement interface was the most common (65%) for all 3 groups. SEM evaluation of failed surfaces of select specimens from each group could not distinguish any interface appearance differences. For indirect adhesive-retained ceramic restorations, both cyclic masticatory loading and hydrolytic degradation may contribute to a weakening of the interface bond. The ceramic/resin interface may be more susceptible to these changes over the time frame of this investigation than the dentin/resin interface.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 04/2008; 99(3):209-17. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this work is to quantitatively examine the effect of adhesive resin cement on the probability of crack initiation from the internal surface of ceramic dental restorations. The possible crack bridging mechanism and residual stress effect of the resin cement on the ceramic surface are examined. Based on the fracture-mechanics-based failure probability model, we predict the failure probability of glass-ceramic disks bonded to simulated dentin subjected to indentation loads. The theoretical predictions match experimental data suggesting that both resin bridging and shrinkage plays an important role and need to be considered for accurate prognostics to occur.
    Engineering Fracture Mechanics 09/2007; 74(12):1838-1856. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The long-term survival of bonded ceramic restorations for posterior teeth is a clinical concern. The durability of the bond between the ceramic and dentin during clinical service is a factor in the load-bearing capacity of the restoration. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of interfacial bonding quality on the interface failure initiation loads of 2 all-ceramic systems. One leucite-reinforced ceramic, IPS Empress (E1), and 1 lithia disilicate glass-ceramic, IPS Empress 2 (E2), were used to form disks 8.5 mm in diameter, with an approximate 1.35-mm total thickness (n=45). The ceramic specimens were fabricated in a manner that simulated their clinical application. The E1 specimens were fabricated using the staining technique, and the E2 specimens were made using a layering technique. Completed disks of each ceramic system were divided into 3 subgroups (n=15) that were subsequently cemented using 1 of 3 bonding conditions (Control, Cer, Sub). The control group followed ideal bonding protocol, whereas groups Cer and Sub had bonds that were compromised between the cement and the ceramic (Cer) or the substrate and the cement (Sub). All luted specimens were loaded at the center with a 10-mm-diameter ball indenter at a crosshead speed of 0.01 mm/min in a universal testing machine. Intermittent loads were applied in increasing increments of 50 N until a fracture could be observed in the ceramic substrate by transillumination with x2.6 optical magnification. The maximum load applied prior to crack observation was recorded as the failure initiation load. Survival analytical methods were used to determine differences between groups. The characteristic fracture initiation loads ranged from 223.5 to 760.6 N. Group E2 had the greatest mean observed load to failure (715.6 N), which was significantly greater than group E1 (P<.001). For both the E1 and E2 ceramic systems, the control groups had significantly greater mean fracture initiation loads than either of the interface-inhibited Cer and Sub groups. Poor bond quality at either the ceramic-cement or dentin-cement interface can significantly reduce the fracture initiation load-bearing capacity of ceramic disks bonded to compliant dentin-like substrates. For the E2 ceramic material, disruption of the ceramic-cement interface had a more detrimental effect on the load-bearing capacity of the simulated restoration than the disruption of the cement-dentin interface.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 01/2007; 97(1):18-24. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The mode of failure and failure probability of a brittle coating on a compliant substrate subjected to a static load through a spherical indenter is investigated experimentally and theoretically. We extend our recent study (2003, J Mat Sci 38:1589) of surface crack initiation in a monolithic solid to the layered system, and account for the multi axial stress state of the indentation in the failure probability analysis. Two modes of failure, a Hertzian cone crack initiating from the contacting surface and a half-penny-shaped crack initiating from the interface, are investigated and the probability of failure initiation for both surfaces are theoretically predicted and compared with experimental data.The effect of interface debonding on failure phenomena is investigated. For a given load the failure probability for debonded specimens is significantly higher than that of well-bonded samples. For the debonded case the theoretical failure probability curve falls within the 90% confidence interval of the experimental data, while the experimental values for the completely bonded case show somewhat lower failure probabilities than that predicted. This may be attributed to the possible bridging effect by the adhesive on interfacial surface defects in the ceramic that is not accounted for in our model.
    Journal of Materials Science 08/2006; 41(17):5441-5454. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to evaluate the influence of surface roughness and acid etching on interfacial failure load and fracture initiation site for simulated resin bonded ceramic restorations. Layered disks were fabricated using soda lime glass to simulate porcelain and fiberglass to represent dentin. These materials were selected due to their approximate elastic modulus to porcelain or dentin. In addition, soda lime glass allowed for visualization of crack initiation. Glass microscope slides (1.2 mm thick) were sectioned into 1-mm2 specimens. The frosted portions of the slides were used as the rough or sandblasted group and the clear areas were used as the smooth or polished group. All surfaces were either cleaned or etched. Prepared surfaces were divided into eight groups and bonded to the substrates using Optibond Solo Plus (SDS Kerr, Orange, CA) and Nexus resin cement (SDS Kerr). Support substrates were made from 5-mm slices of fiberglass rods (1/2 in. diameter). Vertical loads were applied to the layered disks with a 20-mm spherical indenter at a cross-head speed of 0.05 mm/min. Observations were made using 10x magnification with a video monitor. Load magnitudes were recorded at the time of crack initiation. Weibull parametric survival analysis and the effect likelihood ratio test were performed on the failure initiation load data to determine significant differences at the 0.05 level. Mean failure initiation loads ranged from 273.6 to 341.9N for the rough specimens and from 1056.5 to 2980.2N for the smooth samples. According to the Weibull parametric survival analysis and the effect likelihood ratio test, surface roughness and surface etch significantly influenced failure initiation loads. Smoother surfaces tolerated much greater contact loads before failure initiation. The clinical performance of all-ceramic restorations may be improved with smoother internal surfaces. Etching significantly increases survival for restorations with smooth internal surfaces.
    Dental Materials 03/2006; 22(2):99-106. · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of a layer of resin luting agent on the longevity of glass-ceramic crowns has been demonstrated in some laboratory and clinical studies. The mechanisms of glass-ceramic crown failure and the influence of the resin luting agent layer are still not clearly understood. The objectives of this study were to examine the difference in biaxial flexure strength between 2 glass-ceramic dental materials and to examine the influence of a layer of resin luting agent on the characteristic strength of these materials. Thirty-seven disks, 15 mm x 1.5 mm, each of IPS Empress and IPS Empress2, were fabricated according to the manufacturer's recommendations. The surface of each disk underwent acid etching and silanation. The disks from each group were arbitrarily divided into 2 subgroups. One subgroup of each material type was selected to receive a thin (approximately 0.1 mm) layer of resin luting agent (Nexus 2), whereas the other subgroups remained unaltered. Each disk was loaded, with the treated surface down, using a ball-on-ring biaxial configuration in a universal testing machine. The failure loads (N) were recorded, and the biaxial flexure strength for each disk was calculated. Characteristic Weibull parameters and a +/-95% confidence interval were determined. A 2-way analysis of variance (alpha=.05) on transformed fracture strength data was used to determine significant differences between groups. The Weibull characteristic strength of IPS Empress2 (213 MPa) was 75% higher than IPS Empress (122 MPa). The results also show that the application of a thin layer of resin luting agent significantly increased (P <.001) the characteristic strength of both IPS Empress and IPS Empress2 by 45.6% and 47.6%, respectively. The higher strength of the resin-coated specimens cannot be explained in terms of standard fracture mechanics alone. Results suggested that IPS Empress had significantly lower characteristic strength than IPS Empress2. A relatively thin layer of resin luting agent bonded to both IPS Empress and IPS Empress2 significantly increased the characteristic strength of the ceramics.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 05/2005; 93(5):459-66. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: By decreasing the proportion of filler, flowable composites are easy to adapt to small cavity preparations. However, the wear resistance of flowable composites is a clinical concern, as improved wear has been related to increased filler percentage. The purpose of this study was to compare wear for flowable composites and comparable heavily filled materials. Wear by attrition and abrasion (microm) of microfilled flowable (Heliomolar Flow) and heavily filled microfill (Heliomolar HB) was measured and compared to a microhybrid flowable (Tetric Flow) and a heavily filled microhybrid (Tetric HB). There were 5 specimens, 2 mm thick and 15 mm in diameter, in each group. The Oregon Health Sciences University oral wear simulator was used to produce abrasive wear and attrition for all specimens. Abrasion and attrition of the substrates were measured using a profilometer. Data were subjected to a 3-way analysis of variance for the 3 main factors: composite type, filler load, and wear type (alpha=.05) Composite wear rates were significantly influenced (P <.01) by both the type of wear and the filler amount. Abrasive wear occurred less than wear by attrition, and the heavily filled composites experienced less wear than the flowable composites. Results of this in vitro study suggest that highly filled microhybrid composites may have greater wear resistance for contact-supporting posterior restorations. However, in small noncontact restorations where longevity may be dictated by abrasion, flowable microfilled resins may be adequate.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 03/2005; 93(2):153-7. · 1.72 Impact Factor
  • Rentong Wang, Noriko Katsube, Robert R. Seghi
    Journal of Applied Mechanics-transactions of The Asme - J APPL MECH. 01/2005; 72(4).
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    ABSTRACT: The color of dental porcelain depends on the type of metal substrate. Little research has been done to document the effects of different types of high-palladium alloys on the color of dental porcelain. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of different high-palladium alloys on the resulting color of dentin porcelain, as well as on that of opaque porcelain after simulated dentin and glazing firing cycles. Three Pd-Cu-Ga alloys, Spartan Plus (S), Liberty (B), and Freedom Plus (F), and 5 Pd-Ga alloys, Legacy (L), IS 85 (I), Protocol (P), Legacy XT (X), and Jelenko No.1 (N), were examined. A Pd-Ag alloy, Super Star (T), was included for comparison to the high-palladium alloys, and the Au-Pd alloy, Olympia (O), served as the control. Six cast discs (16 x 1 mm) were prepared from each of the alloys. Shade B1 opaque porcelain (Vita-Omega) was applied at a final thickness of 0.1 mm. After 2 opaque porcelain firing cycles, the surfaces were airborne-particle abraded, and the specimens were divided into 2 groups. In the first group, 0.9 mm of B1 dentin porcelain was applied. The other group of specimens with only opaque porcelain underwent the same dentin porcelain and glazing firing cycles. Color differences (DeltaE) were determined with a colorimeter between the control and each experimental group, after the second opaque porcelain, second dentin porcelain, and glazing firing cycles. One-way analysis of variance and Dunnett's multiple range test were performed on the DeltaE data (alpha=.05). After the application of dentin porcelain, the 3 Pd-Cu-Ga alloys showed significantly different (P<.05) DeltaE values (S=2.3 +/- 0.5, B=1.4 +/- 0.3, and F=1.3 +/- 0.7) than the control group. After the glazing cycle of this group, the 3 Pd-Cu-Ga alloys and the Pd-Ag alloy exhibited significantly different (P<.05) DeltaE values (S=2.8 +/- 0.8, B=2.2 +/- 0.3, F=1.9 +/- 1.0, and T=1.4 +/- 0.5) than the control group. After the simulated dentin porcelain firing cycles, the specimens with only opaque porcelain exhibited significantly different (P<.05) DeltaE values (S=5.2 +/- 1.4, B=5.4 +/- 0.6, and F=3.9 +/- 0.2) than the control group. The color difference between the 3 Pd-Cu-Ga alloys with only opaque porcelain and the control group increased more after the simulated glazing cycle (S=6.6 +/- 1.5, B=6.3 +/- 0.5, and F=4.6 +/- 0.1). The observed color differences between the Pd-Ga alloys and the control group were not statistically significant at any point. The Pd-Cu-Ga alloys with only opaque porcelain, after the simulated dentin porcelain and glazing firing cycles, exhibited clinically unacceptable color differences. The application of dentin porcelain to the Pd-Cu-Ga alloys resulted in clinically acceptable color differences. The application of dentin porcelain to the Pd-Ag alloy, after the glazing firing cycle, resulted in clinically acceptable color differences (approximately 2.8 to 3.7 DeltaE CIELAB units). The Pd-Ag alloy specimens with only opaque porcelain did not exhibit significant color differences from the control group, whereas significant color differences from the control group after the dentin porcelain and glazing firing cycles were still clinically acceptable.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 08/2004; 92(2):170-8. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the wear of human enamel opposing 5 low-fusing dental porcelains and a traditional feldspathic control. In a second experiment, the repeatability of the test method and the effect of ceramic overfiring on enamel wear were also evaluated. Five low-fusing dental porcelains--Finesse (FI), Rhapsody (RP), IPS d.Sign (DS), Omega 900 (OM), and Duceram LFC (LFC)--and 1 traditional feldspathic porcelain--VMK 68 (VMK)--were formed into disks (n = 10) and used as substrate for the wear test. Enamel was harvested from extracted human molars and machined into cusps with a 5-mm spherical radius (n = 60). The Oregon Health Sciences University oral wear simulator was used to simulate chewing and the size of the resulting enamel wear facets (in mm(2)) were evaluated after a specified number of chewing cycles. A portion of the experiment was duplicated to assess the repeatability of the data and determine the effects of overfiring on enamel wear. Data were subjected to analysis of variance and post hoc tests to determine significant differences. After wear testing, scanning electron micrographs were made using representative ceramic samples from each group. The results indicate that none of the low-fusing ceramics resulted in significantly less wear than the VMK control. In fact, 3 of the low-fusing porcelains (OM, RP, LFC) resulted in significantly greater enamel wear than VMK. Enamel wear was not significantly affected (p = 0.29) by the increased ceramic firing temperature. Wear data were repeatable, with no significant difference (p = 0.56) between the enamel wear from 2 separate experiments. The results from both experiments indicated that ceramic material significantly affected enamel wear (p <0.001). There was significantly less enamel wear opposite DS than LFC. This work suggests that variations in ceramic composition and microstructure may affect the opposing enamel wear, but that low-fusing temperatures do not necessarily guarantee low enamel wear. Although the clinical relevance of this testing apparatus may be questioned, the testing method was repeatable.
    Journal of Prosthodontics 09/2003; 12(3):168-75. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents a combined experimental and computational study of the influence of indenter ball size on contact damage in model multilayered structures with equivalent elastic properties to bonded dentin/crown structures. Following a brief description of restored tooth structures, prior work on the development of model dental multilayered structures is reviewed. The effects of indentation ball size are investigated within a combined experimental and computational/analytical framework. The observed cracking patterns at the onset of crack nucleation are shown to be associated with principal stress contours computed using finite element analysis. The implications of the results are discussed for the design of dental multilayers that are more resistant to crack nucleation and propagation.
    Journal of Materials Science Materials in Medicine 02/2003; 14(1):17-26. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this work is to test the hypothesis that the failure probability prediction model by Fischer-Cripps and Collins can be used without introducing an empirically derived parameter and therefore can serve as a predictive tool. We examined this hypothesis by Hertz cone crack initiation tests of flat borosilicate glass statically loaded through a spherical indenter. The Weibull parameters characterizing the surface flaw distribution were determined from biaxial flexure experiments using specimens with the same surface condition as in the indentation tests. Elastic moduli of the specimens were determined by using ultrasonic methods. In addition, the crack initiation was determined using stereo microscopy at 20 magnification.The results demonstrated that the model can predict the minimum critical load and cumulative failure probability for small indenters within the 90% confidence level. Therefore, the current work demonstrates that the model can be used as a predictive tool provided the parameters necessary for the model accurately reflect those of the actual sample populations that are used for the experimental setup.
    Journal of Materials Science 01/2003; 38(8):1589-1596. · 2.16 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

909 Citations
98.90 Total Impact Points


  • 1992–2013
    • The Ohio State University
      • • College of Dentistry
      • • Department of Restorative and Prosthetic Dentistry
      • • Department of Materials Science and Engineering
      Columbus, OH, United States
  • 2008
    • Ataturk University
      • Department of Prosthodontics
      Kalikala, Erzurum, Turkey
    • Case Western Reserve University
      Cleveland, Ohio, United States
  • 1986–1993
    • University of California, Los Angeles
      • • Section of Oral Biology
      • • School of Dentistry
      Los Angeles, CA, United States