Tadashi Ohara

Kitasato University, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (38)75.54 Total impact

  • Yuhsaku Kanoh, Tadashi Ohara, Tohru Akahoshi
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    ABSTRACT: The blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCB) has selectivity for protein components with different molecular weights. Protein components in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) change when the BCB is damaged. We calculated the alpha2 macroglobulin (alpha2M) index as an indicator of BCB permeability from the point of view of molecular weight and evaluated the relationship between the alpha2M index and CSF concentrations of the inflammatory biomarkers interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), and serum amyloid A (SAA) in Japanese subjects with infectious meningitis, in order to determine the clinical significance of those inflammatory biomarkers in CSF. IL-6, CRP, and SAA levels in CSF and serum were measured using various methods. The alpha2M index was calculated as the ratio of alpha2M (CSF/serum) to albumin (CSF/serum). CSF IL-6 levels were higher than serum IL-6 levels in 16 patients with infectious meningitis. The difference in CSF IL-6 and CRP levels between mycotic or bacterial meningitis cases and healthy controls and in CSF SAA levels between all infectious meningitis cases and healthy controls were significant. There was a significant positive correlation between CSF levels of CRP or SAA and alpha2M indices. Markedly increased levels of IL-6 in the CSF of patients with infectious meningitis may reflect the degree of intrathecal inflammation. On the other hand, increased CSF levels of CRP in patients with infectious meningitis, particularly mycotic or bacterial meningitis, and SAA in patients with all infectious meningitis may reflect the degree of damage to the BCB.
    Clinical laboratory 01/2011; 57(1-2):37-46. · 1.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 29-year-old man with a type 4 tumor, in the lower third of the stomach, and carcinomatous ascites was diagnosed by aspiration cytology of the ascitic fluid. Curative resection was considered impossible, and S1 (120 mg/d) and cisplatin (90 mg/d) were given for 21 days in 1 course. The cancer lesion showed marked remission (partial response), and the ascites completely disappeared after the fourth course. Twenty-five days after completion of the S1 treatment, laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy was performed. Histopathological examination showed no remnant cancer cells in the resected specimen and no lymph node metastases. The tumor was replaced with fibrosis having a granulomatous change. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. The patient was continued with S1 monotherapy after surgery, and no signs of recurrence or metastases have been seen on any examination 12 months after the surgery.
    Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques 12/2010; 20(6):e206-10. DOI:10.1097/SLE.0b013e3181fd83cd · 0.94 Impact Factor
  • Gastroenterology 05/2010; 138(5). DOI:10.1016/S0016-5085(10)61612-5 · 13.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There have been no reports on the relationship between the analyses of the intestinal flora of colorectal cancer patients and colorectal carcinogenesis. In this study we investigated the differences between the intestinal flora of colorectal cancer patients and healthy subjects and assessed the possibility of using probiotics to prevent colorectal carcinogenesis. The subjects were 10 colorectal cancer patients and 20 healthy persons. A stool specimen and peripheral blood specimen were collected from the patients and 10 of the healthy subjects to analyze their intestinal flora and measure natural killer (NK) cell activity and IL-1 beta in their blood. Probiotics (Lactobacillus gasseri OLL2716: LG21) was then administered once daily to 10 of the healthy subjects for 12 weeks. Samples were collected after 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 12 weeks of administration, and the same examinations were performed. The Lactobacillus detection rate was significantly higher in the healthy group than in the colorectal cancer group, and the total Clostridium perfringens was higher in the colorectal cancer group. The stool pH of the colorectal cancer group indicated alkalosis, and the total amount of short-chain fatty acids in the stools tended to be lower than in the healthy group. After ingestion of the probiotic, the Lactobacillus detection rate increased, a decrease in the total amount of Clostridium perfringens was seen, fecal pH indicated acidosis, synthesis of fecal putrefaction products was inhibited, and an increase in the short-chain fatty acid isobutyric acid was observed. The blood IL-1 beta and NK cell activity values were significantly higher from the 4th week onward than the values before ingestion of probiotics. A deterioration of the intestinal environment was observed in the colorectal cancer patients in comparison to the healthy controls, and the intestinal environment improved when probiotics was taken. These findings suggest the possibility of preventing colorectal carcinoma with probiotics.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 01/2010; 57(104):1411-5. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of lansoprazole (LPZ) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signal transduction systems using the 293hTLR4/MD2-CD14 cells. The cells were incubated and then divided into the following groups: (a) untreated group, (b) non-LPZ treated (1h) group, (c) LPZ-treated (1h) plus non LPS-stimulated (1h) group, (d) LPZ-treated (1h) plus non LPS-stimulated (6h) group, (e) LPZ-treated (1h) plus LPS-stimulated (1h) group, (f) LPZ-treated (1h) plus LPS-stimulated (6h) group, (g) non LPZ-treated (1h) plus LPS-stimulated (1h) group and (h) non LPZ-treated (1h) plus LPS-stimulated (6h) group. Samples from each group were subjected to western blotting for analysis of IkB phosphorylation, intranuclear transfer of NF-kB, phosphorylation of MAP kinase (MAPK), intranuclear transfer of interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5), and expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1). In the LPZ-treated groups, neither phosphorylation of MAPK nor intranuclear transfer of IRF5 was suppressed under stimulation with LPS, and enhanced intranuclear transfer of NF-kB and increased expression of SOCS1 were noted by comparison with the group treated with LPS alone. These results suggest that LPZ stimulates the expression of SOCS1 and regulates protein phosphorylation through its activity on TLR4 signal transduction under LPS stimulation.
    Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition 09/2009; 45(2):241-7. DOI:10.3164/jcbn.09-42 · 2.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the usefulness of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and the need for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in cases of suspected spontaneous passage of stones into the common bile duct. Thirty-six patients with gallbladder stones were clinically suspected of spontaneous passage of stones into the common bile duct because they presented with clinical symptoms such as abdominal pain and fever, and showed signs of inflammatory reaction and marked rise of hepatobiliary enzymes. These symptoms resolved and they showed normalized values of blood biochemical parameters after conservative treatment without evidence of stones in the common bile duct on MRCP. All these patients were subjected to ERCP within 3 d of MRCP to check for the presence of stones. No stones were detected by ERCP in any patient, confirming the results of MRCP. When clinical symptoms improve, blood biochemical parameters have normalized, and MRCP shows there are no stones in the common bile duct, it can be considered the stone has spontaneously passed and thus ERCP is not necessary.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 08/2009; 15(26):3283-7. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The activation of host immunological competence through improvement of the intestinal environment by pre and probiotics has been reported. NK cell activity, the bactericidal phagocytic activities of neutrophils in peripheral blood, and bowel movements and short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in intestinal microbiota increase after the administration of pre- and probiotics. SCFAs shift to acidosis of the intestinal environment and advance apoptosis. Furthermore, SCFAs promote intestinal peristaltic movements through SCFA receptors such as GPT 41 and GPR43, located in the intestinal epithelium. It is known that the acceleration of intestinal apoptosis prevents the onset of colon cancer. Improvement of the intestinal environment leads to an increase in host-cell immunological competence, bowel movements, and the prevention of colon cancer.
    Rinsho byori. The Japanese journal of clinical pathology 07/2009; 57(6):533-41.
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    ABSTRACT: In the abdominal-transhiatal approach for resection of adenocarcinoma of the cardia or subcardia, and in laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG), the use of a circular stapling device has potential problems with the placement of the purse-string suture and insertion of the anvil of the instrument. We describe a new double-stapling technique for esophagojejunostomy and esophagogastrostomy, using a peroral intraluminal approach with a digital stapling system, a flexible shaft remote-control stapler - the Surg-ASSIST and Power Circular Stapler 21 mm (PCS). The overtube of the flexible shaft of the PCS is prepared with a nylon tie and secured to a nasogastric (NG) tube. The flexible shaft is manually advanced down the esophagus with guidance by pulling the NG tube from the abdominal cavity side. The trocar of the flexible shaft is removed from the stump of the abdominal esophagus and connected to the anvil and they are approximated; the stapler device is then fired to form a double-stapled esophagojejunostomy and esophagogastrostomy. Our peroral intraluminal approach does not require a suturing technique, and it can make anastomosis after resection for carcinoma of the esophagogastric junction and after LATG safe and simple.
    Gastric Cancer 02/2009; 12(2):101-5. DOI:10.1007/s10120-009-0510-2 · 4.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the suppressive effect of TJ-68 on duodenal spasms during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). At the point when the duodenal papilla was confirmed after insertion of the endoscope during ERCP, 5.0 g TJ-68 (Tsumura Co., Tokyo, Japan) was dissolved in 50 ml of saline at 36 degrees C, and the whole volume was sprayed slowly using a spray tube from the orifice of the forceps to the duodenal papilla of the 50 patients who demonstrated peristalsis of the digestive tract ("duodenal spasm"). The endoscopic procedure was not performed during that time, and the time until the spasm was suppressed was determined. After the arrest of the spasm, the intended tests and treatment were conducted, and the time until the duodenal spasm started again was determined. The suppressive effect on duodenal spasm was observed in 38 (76%) of 50 patients. The duration from the spraying of TJ-68 of the patients who observed the suppressive effect on duodenal spasm was 50-182 s (mean 122 +/- 21 s). The spasm arrest duration was 7.2-21 min (mean 9.6 +/- 1.2 min). Direct spraying of TJ-68 on the duodenal mucosa suppressed duodenal spasm, and it may be useful during ERCP when anticholinergic agents are contraindicated.
    Journal of Natural Medicines 01/2009; 63(2):200-3. DOI:10.1007/s11418-008-0304-6 · 1.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the usefulness of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and the need for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with clinically suspicious spontaneous passage of bile duct stones. The study population consisted of 113 patients suspected of having common duct bile stones. Of them, 50 patients were clinically suspected of spontaneous passage of bile duct stones based on the presence of gallbladder stones on ultrasound examination or a history of common bile duct stones after cholecystectomy, clinical symptoms including abdominal pain and fever associated with inflammatory reaction and marked rise of hepatobiliary enzymes which resolved or normalized after conservative treatment without evidence of stones in the common bile duct on MRCP. These 50 patients were prospectively followed up for a median of 10.2 months. All patients except for one had had no symptoms related to cholangitis. Only one patient received ERCP due to recurrence of symptoms after 6 months. When clinical symptoms improve, hematological parameters normalize, and MRCP indicates that there are no stones in the common bile duct, it can be considered that the stones have passed naturally.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 06/2008; 23(5):736-40. DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1746.2007.05252.x · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Protein components in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are maintained at a specific concentration by a dynamic gradient between the capillary and intrathecal spaces via the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCB) in the brain and spinal cord. Permeability to proteins increases when there is structural damage to the BCB. Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2; gelatinase A) has been shown to degrade type IV collagen, a major component of the cellular basement membrane. We analyzed alpha2 macroglobulin (alpha2M) indices and evaluated the relationship between alpha2M, as an indicator of BCB permeability, and MMP-2, which degrades the extra-cellular matrix in patients with infectious meningitis. Albumin levels in CSF or serum were determined by turbidimetric immunoassay, or bromcresol green assay, respectively. alpha2M levels in CSF or serum were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, or laser-nephelometry, respectively. Serum MMP-2 levels were determined by enzyme immuno assay. We calculated the alpha2M index, i.e. the ratio of alpha2M (CSF / serum) to albumin (CSF / serum; alpha2M in CSF / alpha2M in serum x albumin in serum / albumin in CSF). alpha2M indices were significantly increased in infectious meningitis compared to healthy controls (p < 0.05). They were highest in bacterial meningitis, and there was a significant difference between viral or mycotic and bacterial meningitis (p < 0.05). Serum MMP-2 levels were increased in infectious meningitis, being highest in bacterial meningitis, where they were significantly different from healthy controls (p < 0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between serum MMP-2 levels and alpha2M indices (r = 0.64, p < 0.0001). Markedly increased levels of serum MMP-2 in infectious, especially bacterial, meningitis may reflect the degree of damage to the BCB.
    Inflammation 04/2008; 31(2):99-104. DOI:10.1007/s10753-007-9054-y · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alterations to the sugar chain structure of E-cadherin, a calcium-dependent adhesion molecule, have been shown to influence cancer metastasis. Furthermore, expression of sialyl Le(x) sugar chains on cancer cells has been demonstrated to influence their adhesion to vascular endothelial cells. On the other hand, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) degrades extracellular matrix and is involved in the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells. N-linked oligosaccharides of human serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) were analyzed in 36 patients with localized or metastatic cancer (12 lung, 12 gastric and 12 prostate cancer) and 10 healthy controls using fluorophore-associated carbohydrate electrophoresis (FACE). MMP-2 levels in the sera were determined by enzyme immunoassay. Fr1 (monogalactosyl IgG oligosaccharide) and Fr2 (digalactosyl IgG oligosaccharides) were significantly decreased (p < 0.001), while Fr4 (agalactosyl IgG oligosaccharides) were significantly increased (p < 0.001) with cancer metastasis. The Fr4/Fr1+Fr2 ratio in localized and metastatic cancer was significantly increased compared to healthy controls (p < 0.001), and was significantly higher in metastatic than localized cancer (p < 0.001). Serum MMP-2 levels in metastatic cancer were significantly higher than in localized cancer (p < 0.001). There was a good correlation between the Fr4/Fr1+Fr2 ratio and serum MMP-2 levels in patients with metastatic cancer (p < 0.0001). The analysis of serum IgG N-linked oligosaccharide chain structures by FACE may be an auxiliary indicator of serum tumor markers useful for monitoring cancer progression.
    Anticancer research 01/2008; 28(2A):715-20. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported on a number of cases of metastatic prostate cancer (PCa) in which serum alpha2-macroglobulin (alpha2M) levels were markedly decreased to less than 20 mg/dl (alpha2M deficiency). In order to elucidate the relative proportions of free and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) complex in PCa patients with alpha2M deficiency, we have assessed serum alpha2M and total PSA levels, and ratios of free PSA to total PSA (F/T ratios) at each stage of PCa. Moreover, the PSA reactivity profile was determined on fractionated serum specimens of PCa patients using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using a TSKG-3000 SWXL column. Measurement of alpha2M concentration was performed by laser-nephelometry. PSA levels were determined by enzyme immunoassay, free PSA by radioimmunoassay. In those PCa patients with alpha2M deficiency, serum alpha2M and F/T ratios were lower, whereas PSA levels were higher when compared with those PCa patients without alpha2M deficiency (P<0.05). PSA elution profiles on HPLC columns revealed two major peaks. The proportion of PSA-antichymotrypsin (PSA-ACT) increased, whereas the proportion of free PSA decreased in PCa patients with alpha2M deficiency as compared with those PCa patients without alpha2M deficiency. F/T ratios were significantly lower in PCa patients with alpha2M deficiency than in those PCa patients without alpha2M deficiency. PSA-ACT and F/T ratio may be useful for monitoring bone metastasis in PCa.
    Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis 01/2008; 22(4):302-6. DOI:10.1002/jcla.20260 · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To date, no enclosure method for risk grouping patients with poorly-differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma has been identified. We examined the relationship between mutations in toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and patients with poorly-differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma. Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of 38 patients, 20 with well-differentiated and 18 with poorly-differentiated gastric cancer, from 25 patients with colorectal cancer and from 10 healthy volunteers. The polymorphism of TLR4 up to the 2-kb upstream region of the 5' untranslated region (UTR) was analyzed. The results revealed the presence of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) only among patients with poorly-differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma. SNPs were found at 3 sites: -2081, -2026 and -1601 in 12, 15 and 15 of the 18 cases of poorly-differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma, respectively. The results of the determination of a consensus among the base sequences of the core promoter, basal promoter and upstream promoter elements reveal that the variant sites were present in the TLR4 mRNA promoter region, suggesting that they were biologically significant variations. Polymorphism analysis of the upstream region of the 5' UTR of TLR4 may be a useful new enclosure strategy for the risk grouping of poorly-differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma patients.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 01/2008; 2(1):17-21. DOI:10.3892/mmr_00000055 · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the authors report the case of a 35-year-old man diagnosed preoperatively as having adenocarcinoma of the jejunum using a conventional endoscopy, usually used for the examination of the large intestine.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 01/2008; 55(85):1367-9. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gene mutations are essential to carcinogenesis. If an evident difference is observed in gastric mucosal chromosomal structure aberrations between H. pylori (Hp)-negative and Hp-positive gastric cancer patients, it may be interpreted as suggesting the involvement of Hp in gene mutations. This study was undertaken to compare chromosomal structural aberrations between Hp-negative and Hp-positive gastric cancer patients and to evaluate the effects of Hp eradication on chromosomal structures in clinical cases. The subjects of this study were 40 patients with gastric cancer divided into four groups: Group A was composed of 12 patients with Hp-negative gastric cancer (well-differentiated gastric cancer in 5 cases and poorly-differentiated in 7 cases), Group B of 8 patients with Hp-negative gastric cancer following Hp eradication (well-differentiated in 4 case and poorly-differentiated in 4 cases), Group C of 13 patients with Hp-positive gastric cancer (well-differentiated in 7 cases and poorly-differentiated in 6 cases) and Group D of 7 patients with gastric cancer (well-differentiated in 5 cases and poorly-differentiated in 2 cases) undergoing Hp eradication at subtotal gastrectomy. In each of the groups A, B and C, the structural chromosomal aberration such as loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and microsatellite instability (MSI) was analyzed. In Group D, changes in structural chromosomal aberrations after Hp eradication as compared to the pre-eradication structures were also analyzed. LOH and MSI were examined by PCR, using DNA extracted from the cancer-affected and intact gastric mucosal tissue specimens from each patient. In A, B and C groups, structural chromosomal aberrations were noted, and these aberrations tended to be more marked in cases of poorly-differentiated gastric cancer in each group. In terms of structural chromosomal aberrations, there was no marked difference between Group A and either Group B or C. Hp eradication resulted in no change in chromosomal structure as compared to the pre-eradication structure in Group D. These results suggest the possibility that Hp eradication does not affect chromosomal structures and Hp is involved in gastric carcinogenesis as an additive environmental factor rather than as a factor acting at the gene level.
    Oncology Reports 01/2007; 16(6):1333-42. DOI:10.3892/or.16.6.1333 · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Ghrelin, growth-hormone-releasing peptide, has been reported to accelerate food intake and gastrointestinal motility.AimThe present study was designed to investigate the plasma ghrelin levels in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD).Patients and Methods Ninety-seven patients, who showed no evidence of peptic ulcer disease or gastrointestinal cancer on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, were recruited. Seventeen patients who had no gastrointestinal symptoms were recruited as controls. Forty-seven patients were diagnosed to be suffering from FD, based on the Rome II criteria. The FD patients were further subdivided into those with ulcer-like FD, dysmotility-like FD and non-specific-type FD, based on their Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) scores. Fourteen patients were categorized as having gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, and 19 patients were excluded as having the irritable bowel syndrome, based on the GSRS. The plasma ghrelin levels were measured by radioimmunoassay.ResultsThe plasma ghrelin levels were significantly higher in FD patients, especially in those with dysmotility-like FD, as compared with those in controls. The plasma ghrelin levels were also correlated well with the indigestion scores.Conclusion Plasma ghrelin levels are significantly higher in patients with dysmotility-like FD, suggesting that this parameter could become useful as a novel supportive marker for the diagnosis of FD.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 11/2006; 24(1):104 - 110. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2036.2006.00032.x · 4.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AimTo examine whether Helicobacter pylori induces structural chromosomal aberrations, such as loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and microsatellite instability (MSI) in the infected gastric mucosa.Methods Subjects were 13 patients with H. pylori-positive and 9 with H. pylori-negative gastric cancer and 20 patients with H. pylori-positive and 4 patients with H. pylori-negative chronic gastritis. Gastric mucosal tissues were endoscopically sampled from each subject. Each sample was checked for structural chromosomal aberrations (LOH and MSI) by PCR and microsatellite analysis, using a total of 31 primers corresponding to the regions containing the major genes of chromosomes 1q, 5q, 7q, 17p, 17q, 18q and 21q.ResultsAll tissue samples obtained from cancer-affected regions of the stomach had structural chromosomal aberrations (LOH or MSI), irrespective of H. pylori infection. The degree of structural chromosomal aberration was greater in poorly differentiated than well-differentiated adenocarcinoma. In addition, structural chromosomal aberrations were also found in a few samples obtained from the chronic atrophic gastritis group, irrespective of H. pylori infection.Conclusions It seems unlikely that H. pylori serves as a direct promoter of gastric cancer, and H. pylori-positive chronic gastritis may not always be a precancerous state.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 11/2006; 24(1):111 - 119. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2036.2006.00033.x · 4.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The genomic DNA of toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, TLR4, radioprotective 105, TLR6, and TLR9 were examined for mutations in 48 patients with gastric cancer. Of these, 22 had well-differentiated and 20 had poorly-differentiated adenocarcinomas, the latter group including 10 with signet ring cell carcinomas. The remaining 6 had gastric adenomas. Ten healthy volunteers with no family history of malignant diseases served as controls. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood and subjected to electrophoresis using PCR oligonucleotide primers. The resultant gel was analyzed with a DNA sequencer. None of the healthy volunteers, patients with gastric adenomas or those with well-differentiated gastric adenocarcinomas showed mutations. However, 8 of the 20 with poorly-differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma showed heterozygosity at the 135th position of the amino acid sequence of TLR4, and a mutation from threonine to alanine was found at this site. Analysis of the entire available amino acid sequence of TLR4 revealed that this mutation occurred at a leucine-rich repeat corresponding to one of its extracellular components. This suggests a disturbance in the protein phosphorylation reaction of TLR4, and that this disturbance is related to the development of poorly-differentiated gastric adenocarcinomas.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 08/2006; 18(1):59-63. DOI:10.3892/ijmm.18.1.59 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The possible involvement of Toll-like receptor (TLR) genome DNA in the prolongation and relapse of inflammatory intestinal diseases and alcoholic hepatic diseases has been reported. In this study, we examined the relationship of mutations of the TLR 2, 4, 6 and 9 genomic DNA to recurrent or intractable gastritis or gastric ulcers. The subjects were 32 patients, including 6 with H. pylori (Hp)-positive gastritis, 4 with Hp-negative gastritis, 10 with Hp-positive tractable gastric ulcer, 5 with Hp-positive recurrent gastric ulcer after Hp eradication, and 7 with Hp-negative easily recurrent gastric ulcer after Hp eradication. Gastric mucosal tissue and peripheral blood specimens were collected from each of the patients. DNA was extracted from the tissue and blood specimens and subjected to electrophoresis by the PCR method, using the oligonucleotide primers of TLR 2, 4, 6 and 9. The gastric mucosal tissue specimens were collected endoscopically from the sites of the lesions. Subsequently, the presence or absence of genomic DNA mutations in the blood and tissue specimens was examined using a DNA sequencer. TLR 2, 4, 6 or 9 DNA mutations were not observed in any of the gastric mucosal or peripheral blood specimens obtained from patients with tractable gastritis or gastric ulcer, or from those with intractable gastric ulcer who were Hp-positive or Hp-negative or had become Hp-negative after eradication therapy. These data suggest that mutations of the TLR 2, 4, 6 and 9 genome DNA may not be involved in the recurrence, delayed healing or intractability of gastritis and gastric ulcers.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 02/2006; 17(1):53-8. DOI:10.3892/ijmm.17.1.53 · 1.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

253 Citations
75.54 Total Impact Points


  • 2006–2011
    • Kitasato University
      • • Medical Department
      • • Department of Laboratory Medicine
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2008–2010
    • International University of Health and Welfare
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Gastroenterology
      Tochigi, Tochigi-ken, Japan
  • 2009
    • Funabashi Municipal Medical Center
      Hunabasi, Chiba, Japan
  • 2008–2009
    • Chiba University
      • Department of Medicine and Clinical Oncology
      Chiba-shi, Chiba-ken, Japan
  • 2003–2007
    • Tokyo Dental College
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Tiba, Chiba, Japan
  • 2004–2005
    • Keio University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan