[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Blood loss and bile leakage are well-known risk factors for morbidity and mortality during liver resection. Bleeding usually occurs during parenchymal transection, and surgical technique should be considered an important factor in preventing intraoperative and postoperative complications.
Many approaches and devices have been developed to limit bleeding and bile leakage. The aim of the present study was to determine whether a bipolar vessel sealing device allows a safe and careful liver transection without routine inflow occlusion, achieving a satisfactory hemostasis and bile stasis, thus reducing blood loss and bile leak and related complications.
A total of 50 consecutive patients (24 males, 26 females, with a mean age of 57 years) underwent major and minor hepatic resections using a bipolar vessel sealing device. A clamp crushing technique followed by energy application was used to perform the parenchymal transection. Inflow occlusion was used when necessary to control blood loss but not as a routine. No other devices were applied to achieve hemostasis.
The instrument was effective in 45 patients and failed to achieve hemostasis in 5 cases, all of whom had a cirrhotic liver. Median blood loss was 490 ml (range 100-2500 ml) and intraoperative blood transfusions were required in eight cases (16%). Mean operative time was 178 min (range 50-315 min). Inflow occlusion was necessary in 16 (32%) patients. The postoperative complication rate was 24%, with a postoperative hemorrhage in a cirrhotic patient. There was no clinical evidence of bile leak or procedure-related abdominal abscess.
We conclude that the device is a useful tool in standard liver resection, achieving good hemostasis and bile stasis in patients with normal liver parenchyma, but its use should be avoided in cirrhotic patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of the contemporaneous presence of two histologically different pancreatic neoplasms, one renal cancer and one embryogenic duodenal anomaly in a single patient. A 66-year-old man underwent ultrasound examination because of urinary disorders; a solid neoformation within the inferior pole of the left kidney was observed. Computed tomography confirmed the renal lesion, but also a heterogeneous mass within the pancreatic head appeared without bile ducts dilatation. Abdominal magnetic resonance revealed a multiloculated cystic component of the pancreatic mass. A second CT scan confirmed the renal and biliary findings, but it revealed a modest enlargement of the pancreatic asymptomatic mass. A resection of the left kidney inferior pole and a pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy were performed. Histopathologic analysis of the surgical specimen revealed mild differentiated papillary renal carcinoma, intraductal papillary mucinous adenoma of the pancreatic head, foci of intraepithelial pancreatic neoplasm and pancreatic heterotopy of duodenal muscular and submucosal layers. The coexistence of several primaries and anomalies in one patient led us to suppose a genetic predisposition to different lesions, even in the absence of known familial genetic syndromes. The study of such cases may help to improve the investigation of molecular correlations and etiological factors of different solid tumors. Nowadays, surgery is the only effective cure.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Optic neuritis (ON) refers to any inflammatory optic neuropathy. In clinical practice ON is mainly diagnosed by ophthalmologists and less frequently by neurologists. ON diagnostic criteria are included in the Classification of International Headache Society (IHS) and in other classification systems, both in neurological and ophthalmologic fields. The aims of this study were to verify the application of IHS ON diagnostic criteria in clinical practice and the role of the ocular pain qualitative aspects. We performed a partially retrospective (140 cases) and prospective (43 cases) study analysing the clinical characteristics of patients with ON. We observed retro orbital pain in a huge percentage of patients; it was provoked or spontaneous and worsened by eye movements. We found that the new IHS classification criteria (IHS 2004) do not fully satisfy the requirements for ON diagnosis. Further study is necessary to validate the diagnostic criteria of ON in clinical practice.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Heterotopic ossification has been reported only rarely within the abdominal cavity, specifically in a mesenteric location (heterotopic mesenteric ossification). We describe the case of a 76-year-old man with no history of previous surgery who developed small bowel obstruction associated with multiple foci of heterotopic bone formation within the small bowel mesentery. He underwent small bowel and mesentery resection and is disease-free 9 months later.
International Journal of Surgical Pathology 11/2004; 12(4):407-9. DOI:10.1177/106689690401200416 · 0.95 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acute pancreatitis is related to drugs in 1.4-2% of cases. Estrogens are an uncommon but well-known risk factor of pancreatitis in women and men with pre-existing hyperlipidemia.
We report the case of a 37-year-old man with covert hypertriglyceridemia who developed a severe life-threatening pancreatitis strongly associated with estrogen therapy preparatory to sex change surgery, characterized by a massive triglyceride level, pancreatic insufficiency and multiple organ failure at the time of the diagnosis. Other causes of the disease were ruled out.
To our knowledge, this is the first description of severe necrotizing estrogen-induced pancreatitis in a male. Baseline abnormal triglyceride levels should be checked by physicians before starting estrogen therapy in women and men.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The term intraabdominal infectioncomprises a broad of variety of pathological conditions which are characterized by signs of systemic infection as a response to an abdominal source of infection and ranges from a confined problem to a devastating disease regarding all organ systems. Septic abdomen is an interesting challenge in general surgery: to decide when and how to treat septic abdomen lacks of a general consensus and has not been standardized yet.
A total of 1 110 patients underwent surgical treatment for abdominal infection in a period of 10 years in the Department of Surgery of San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy. We focused our attention on 94 patients who required re-exploration for residual or recurrent intra-abdominal infection.
The procedure was associated with a mortality rate of 40%. The median number of re-explorations was 5.1.
Planned multiple relaparotomies with temporarily abdomen closure are performed only in a selected high mortality risk group of elderly patients with surgical evidence of diffuse peritonitis, presence of primary infectious process of more than 72 hours, and a APACHE II score > 20. Relaparotomy on demand is required instead in those patients who develop a clinical deterioration after a first safe surgical control of the source of infection. Lack of improvement is not considered a condition to reoperate. Early detection of persisting infection, < 24-36 hours, is an important prognostic factor of outcome.