Yan-Mei Zhang

Shantou University, Swatow, Guangdong, China

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Publications (8)23.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: N-n-butyl haloperidol iodide (F2), a novel compound, has shown palliative effects in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, we investigated the effects of F2 on the extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase (MEK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE)/Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) signal-transduction pathway involved in H2O2-induced Ca(2+) overload, in order to probe the underlying molecular mechanism by which F2 antagonizes myocardial I/R injury. Acute exposure of rat cardiac myocytes to 100 μM H2O2 increased both NHE and NCX activities, as well as levels of phosphorylated MEK and ERK. The H2O2-induced increase in NCX current (I NCX) was nearly completely inhibited by the MEK inhibitor U0126 (1,4-diamino-2,3-dicyano-1,4-bis[o-aminophenylmercapto] butadiene), but only partly by the NHE inhibitor 5-(N,N-dimethyl)-amiloride (DMA), indicating the I NCX increase was primarily mediated by the MEK/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, and partially through activation of NHE. F2 attenuated the H2O2-induced I NCX increase in a concentration-dependent manner. To determine whether pathway inhibition was H2O2-specific, we examined the ability of F2 to inhibit MEK/ERK activation by epidermal growth factor (EGF), and NHE activation by angiotensin II. F2 not only inhibited H2O2-induced and EGF-induced MEK/ERK activation, but also completely blocked both H2O2-induced and angiotensin II-induced increases in NHE activity, suggesting that F2 directly inhibits MEK/ERK and NHE activation. These results show that F2 exerts multiple inhibitions on the signal-transduction pathway involved in H2O2-induced I NCX increase, providing an additional mechanism for F2 alleviating intracellular Ca(2+) overload to protect against myocardial I/R injury.
    Drug Design, Development and Therapy 09/2014; 8:1257-67. DOI:10.2147/DDDT.S63163 · 3.03 Impact Factor
    This article is viewable in ResearchGate's enriched format
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously shown that N-n-butyl haloperidol iodide (F(2)), a newly synthesized compound, reduces ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury by preventing intracellular Ca(2+) overload through inhibiting L-type calcium channels and outward current of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger. This study was to investigate the effects of F(2) on activity and protein expression of the rat myocardial sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) during I/R to discover other molecular mechanisms by which F(2) maintains intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. In an in vivo rat model of myocardial I/R achieved by occluding coronary artery for 30-60 min followed by 0-120 min reperfusion, treatment with F(2) (0.25, 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 mg/kg, respectively) dose-dependently inhibited the I/R-induced decrease in SERCA activity. However, neither different durations of I/R nor different doses of F(2) altered the expression levels of myocardial SERCA2a protein. These results indicate that F(2) exerts cardioprotective effects against I/R injury by inhibiting I/R-mediated decrease in SERCA activity by a mechanism independent of SERCA2a protein levels modulation.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 07/2012; 425(2):426-30. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.07.117 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: N-n-Butyl haloperidol iodide (F2), a novel compound derived from haloperidol, protects against the damaging effects of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in vitro and in vivo. We tested whether the myocardial protection of F2 on cardiomyocyte hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury is mediated by modulating protein kinase C (PKC) activity in primary cultured cardiomyocytes. Primary cultures of ventricular cardiomyocytes underwent 2-h hypoxia and 30-min reoxygenation. Total PKC activity was measured, and the translocation pattern of PKCalpha, betaII, delta and epsilon isoforms was assessed by fractionated western blot analysis. We investigated the association of PKC isoform translocation and H/R-induced injury in the presence and absence of the specific inhibitors and activator. Measurements included cell damage evaluated by creatine kinase (CK) release, and apoptosis measured by annexin V-FITC assay. In primary cultured cardiomyocytes exposed to H/R, PKCalpha, delta and epsilon were translocated, with no change in PKCbetaII activity. Total PKC activity, CK release and apoptosis were increased after H/R. Treatment with the conventional PKC inhibitor Go6976 reduced early growth response-1 (Egr-1) protein expression and attenuated apoptosis. The PKCepsilon inhibitor peptide epsilonV1-2 increased H/R injury without influencing Egr-1 expression. Pretreatment with F2 inhibited translocation of PKCalpha, increased translocation of PKCepsilon, and relieved the CK release and apoptosis. The protection of F2 was blocked in part by the conventional PKC activator thymeleatoxin (TXA) and epsilonV1-2 peptide. F2 significantly alleviated H/R-induced injury, which might be attributed to the combined benefits of inhibiting PKCalpha and activating PKCepsilon.
    Biochemical pharmacology 05/2010; 79(10):1428-36. DOI:10.1016/j.bcp.2010.01.021 · 4.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: N-n-butyl haloperidol (F(2)), a novel compound of quaternary ammonium salt derivatives of haloperidol, was reported to antagonize myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injuries. The antiarrhythmic potential and electrophysiological effects of F(2) on rat cardiac tissues were investigated. In Langendorff-perfused rat hearts, the ventricular arrhythmias were induced by left anterior descending coronary artery of rat heart ligated for 20 min before the release of the ligature. F(2) provided some inhibitive effects against ischemia- and reperfusion-induced ventricular arrhythmias. In His bundle electrogram and epicardial ECG recordings, the drug produced bradycardia, delayed the conduction through the atrioventricular node and prolonged the Wenckebach cycle length and atrioventricular nodal effective refractory period. In whole-cell patch-clamp study, F(2) primarily inhibited the L-type Ca2+ current (I(Ca,L)) (IC(50) = 0.17 microM) with tonic blocking properties and little use-dependence. And the drug also decreased the Na+ current (IC(50) = 77.5 microM), the transient outward K+ current (IC(50) = 20.4 microM), the steady-state outward K+ current (IC(50) = 56.2 microM) and the inward rectifier K+ current (IC(50) = 127.3 microM). F(2) may be a promising drug for the treatment of ischemic heart disease with cardiac arrhythmia.
    Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 01/2010; 25(4-5):433-42. DOI:10.1159/000303048 · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous studies have shown that N-n-butyl haloperidol iodide (F(2)) can antagonize myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury by blocking intracellular Ca(2+) overload and suppressing Egr-1 overexpression. The present study is to investigate the relation between the reduction of Ca(2+) overload and the inhibition of Egr-1 overexpression. The Sprague-Dawley rat myocardial I/R model and cultured cardiomyocyte hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) model were established. Administration of Egr-1 antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotide (AS-ODN) only or combining with F(2), Egr-1 protein expression was examined by Western-blot analyses. Hemodynamic parameters, creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), cardiac troponin I (cTnI), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were measured to assess the degree of injury and inflammation of myocardial tissues and cells. Treatment with Egr-1 AS-ODN significantly reduced Egr-1 protein expression and attenuated injury and inflammation of myocardium caused by I/R or H/R evidenced by the amelioration of hemodynamics, the decrease in leakage of CK, LDH, cTnI, the increase in MDA generation, the decrease in SOD activity, the reduction of MPO activity in myocardial tissues and release of TNF-alpha from cultured cardiomyocytes. Treatment with F(2) combined with Egr-1 AS-ODN, the inhibition of Egr-1 protein expression and inflammation (MPO activity and TNF-alpha level) were not enhanced, but the protection from myocardial I/R (or H/R) injury was significantly increased in hemodynamics and cytomembrane permeability relative to the using of Egr-1 AS-ODN only. These data suggest that the inhibition of Egr-1 overexpression cannot involve all mechanisms of cardioprotection from I/R injury.
    Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 01/2009; 24(5-6):519-26. DOI:10.1159/000257497 · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously shown that N-n-butyl haloperidol iodide (F2) derived from haloperidol reduces ischemia/reperfusion-induced myocardial injury by blocking intracellular Ca2+ overload. This study tested the hypothesis that cardio-protection with F2 is associated with an attenuation in the expression of early growth response gene 1 (Egr-1). In an in vivo rat model of 60 min coronary occlusion followed by 180 min of reperfusion, treatment with F2 significantly reduced myocardial injury evidenced by the reduction in release of plasma creatine kinase, myocardial creatine kinase isoenzyme and lactate dehydrogenase. In cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes of hypoxia for 3 h and reoxygenation for 1 h, F2 treatment attenuated necrotic and apoptotic cell death, as demonstrated by electron microscopy. Concomitant with cardio-protection by F2, the increased expression levels of Egr-1 mRNA and protein were significantly reduced in myocardial tissue and cultured cardiomyocytes as detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry and immunocytochemistry. In conclusion, these results suggest that the protective effect of F2 on ischemia/reperfusion- or hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced myocardial injury might be partly mediated by downregulating Egr-1 expression.
    Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 07/2006; 38(6):435-41. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract We have previously shown that N-n-butyl haloperidol iodide (F2) derived from haloperidol reduces ischemia/reperfusion-induced myocardial injury by blocking intracellular Ca2+ overload. This study tested the hypothesis that cardio-protection with F2 is associated with an attenuation in the expression of early growth response gene 1 (Egr-1). In an in vivo rat model of 60 min coronary occlusion followed by 180 min of reperfusion, treatment with F2 significantly reduced myocardial injury evidenced by the reduction in release of plasma creatine kinase, myocardial creatine kinase isoenzyme and lactate dehydrogenase. In cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes of hypoxia for 3 h and reoxygenation for 1 h, F2 treatment attenuated necrotic and apoptotic cell death, as demonstrated by electron microscopy. Concomitant with cardio-protection by F2, the increased expression levels of Egr-1 mRNA and protein were significantly reduced in myocardial tissue and cultured cardiomyocytes as detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry and immunocytochemistry. In conclusion, these results suggest that the protective effect of F2 on ischemia/reperfusion- or hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced myocardial injury might be partly mediated by downregulating Egr-1 expression.Edited by Ming-Hua XU
    Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 06/2006; 38(6):435 - 441. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-7270.2006.00180.x · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of phenytoin (DPH) on morphological and structural changes of pyramidal neurons in hippocampal CA3 of rats induced by chronic stress. Using Nissl staining, Golgi staining, and electron microscope, the morphology and structure of pyramidal neurons in hippocampal CA3 of rats were observed. Chronic stress resulted in loss of hippocampal CA3 pyramidal neuron from 39+/-4 to 35+/-4, shortening of total length of apical dendrite (from 196 microm+/-35 microm to 156 microm+/-33 microm, P<0.05), and ultrastructural degenerations of neurons. DPH markedly inhibited the decreases in number of hippocampal CA3 pyramidal neuron (38.4+/-2.2) and total length of apical dendrite (198 microm+/-36 microm, P<0.05), meanwhile, improved neuron ultrastructural degenerations caused by chronic stress. Chronic stress does damage to hippocampal CA3 pyramidal neurons and DPH protects hippocampus from damage induced by chronic stress.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 05/2003; 24(5):403-7. · 2.50 Impact Factor