Hen-I Lin

Fu Jen Catholic University, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (22)62.84 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Some patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without EGFR mutations still respond to gefitinib and erlotinib, suggesting that there may be mechanism(s) other than the EGFR-pathway that mediates the tumoricidal effects. In the current study, we tested the efficacy of TD-19, a novel compound chemically modified from erlotinib, which has more potent apoptotic effects than erlotinib in EGFR wild-type NSCLC cell lines. TD-19 induced significant cell death and apoptosis in H358, H441, H460 and A549 cells, as evidenced by increased caspase 3 activity and cleavage of pro-caspase 9 and PARP. The apoptotic effect of TD-19 in H460 cells, which were resistant to erlotinib, was associated with downregulation of CIP2A, increased PP2A activity and decreased AKT phosphorylation, but minimal effects on EGFR phosphorylation. Overexpression of CIP2A partially protected the H460 cells from TD-19-induced apoptosis. Okadaic acid, a known PP2A inhibitor, significantly reduced the TD-19-induced apoptosis while forskolin, which increased PP2A activity, increased apoptosis effect of TD-19. TD-19 inhibited the growth of H460 xenograft tumors by approximately 80%. We conclude that TD-19 exerted its tumoricidal effects on NSCLC cells. TD-19 provides proof that CIP2A pathway may be a novel approach for the treatment of EGFR wild-type NSCLC.
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 09/2014; · 3.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors show favorable clinical response in some patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have no EGFR mutation, indicating alternative mechanisms for their tumoricidal effects. We previously showed erlotinib, a selective EGFR antagonist, inhibited the growth of sensitive hepatocellular carcinoma cells by inhibiting the cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) pathway. The aim of this study was to determine if erlotinib can also inhibit the growth of NSCLC cells by inactivating the CIP2A-dependent signaling pathway.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 06/2014; · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors show favorable clinical response in some patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have no EGFR mutation, indicating alternative mechanisms for their tumoricidal effects. We previously showed erlotinib, a selective EGFR antagonist, inhibited the growth of sensitive hepatocellular carcinoma cells by inhibiting the cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) pathway. The aim of this study was to determine if erlotinib can also inhibit the growth of NSCLC cells by inactivating the CIP2A-dependent signaling pathway. Methods Four NSCLC cell lines (H358 H441 H460 and A549) were treated with erlotinib to determine their sensitivity to erlotinib-induced cell death and apoptosis. Expression of CIP2A and the downstream AKT were analyzed. The effects of CIP2A on erlotinib-induced apoptosis were confirmed by overexpression of CIP2A and knockdown of CIP2A gene expression in the sensitive cells and resistant cells, respectively. In vivo efficacy of erlotinib against H358 xenograft tumor was also determined in nude mice. Results Erlotinib induced significant cell death and apoptosis in H358 and H441 cells, as evidenced by increased caspase 3 activity and cleavage of pro-caspase 9 and PARP, but not in H460 or A549 cells. The apoptotic effect of erlotinib in the sensitive H358 cells was associated with downregulation of CIP2A, increase in PP2A activity and decrease in AKT phosphorylation. Overexpression of CIP2A and AKT protected the sensitive H358 cells from erlotinib-induced apoptosis. Knockdown of CIP2A gene expression by siRNA enhanced the erlotinib-induced apoptotic in the resistant H460 cells that resembled the sensitive H358 cells. Erlotinib also inhibited the growth of H358 tumors in nude mice. Conclusions The CIP2A-dependent pathway mediates the tumoricidal effects of erlotinib on NSCLC cells without EGFR mutations in vitro and in vivo. CIP2A may be a novel molecular target against NSCLC for future drug development.
    Lung Cancer. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Most of the existing findings on the association between diabetes mellitus and colorectal cancer were generated from studies in Western societies. However, significant differences in cancer incidence and cancer-prone lifestyles are apparent between Asian and Western countries. This study aims to estimate the risks of colorectal cancer in the diabetic population in Taiwan by conducting a large-scale, controlled cohort study. METHODS: From Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005 (LHID2005), a total of 37 001 diabetic patients were identified. We also obtained data for four controls per patient, matched for sex, age and year of first entry into the LHID2005. All patients were followed up from the date of entry into the LHID2005 until they developed colorectal cancer or to the end of 2006, whichever was earlier. We used Cox's regression models to assess the risk of developing colorectal cancer, with adjustment for sex, age, comorbid disorders, and socioeconomic characteristics. RESULTS: We identified 37 001 diabetic patients and 148 004 controls. The adjusted hazard ratio for colorectal cancer in diabetes mellitus patients was 2.1 (95% confidence interval, 1.82-2.42) compared with controls. The risk was significant to both men and women. The adjusted hazard ratios for colorectal cancer were 2.03 (95% confidence interval, 1.68-2.47) in male diabetes mellitus patients and 2.17 (95% confidence interval, 1.77-2.67) in female diabetes mellitus patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings based on a large population-based cohort study provide evidence that diabetes mellitus may increase the risk of colorectal cancer in Asians.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2013; · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study took advantage of a large population-based database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) to investigate the epidemiology of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in Taiwan. This is a retrospective cohort study based on secondary analysis of prospectively collected data in the NHI system and governmental data on death registry in Taiwan during 1997-2007. By using the broad and narrow definitions for IPF, we estimated incidence and prevalence rates of IPF, and its associated clinical outcomes. The estimates of annual IPF incidence rates became more stable after 2000, ranging between 0.9 and 1.6 cases per 100,000 persons. The prevalence rates became more than twofold from 2000 to 2007 (from 2.8 to 6.4 cases per 100,000 persons for the broad definition, and from 2.0 to 4.9 cases per 100,000 persons for the narrow definition). Men of age older than 75 years had markedly higher incidence and prevalence rates than other groups. Around 40% of all incidences and about 30% of prevalent cases occurred in this population group. The median survival time after IPF diagnosis was 0.9 year (interquartile range (IQR), 0.2-2.5 years) and 0.7 year (IQR, 0.1-2.3 years) for the broad and narrow definitions, respectively. Progression of IPF was the leading cause of death, followed by cancer. In Taiwan, elderly men were the major group suffering from IPF. Survival time was short after IPF diagnosis, and the poor survival was largely attributable to quick IPF progression after diagnosis.
    Respiratory medicine 09/2012; 106(11):1566-74. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effectiveness of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) after extubation in preventing post-extubation respiratory failure is still controversial. We conducted a prospective, multicenter randomized controlled study involving patients on mechanical ventilation for > 48 hours who tolerated a 2-hour spontaneous breathing trial and were subsequently extubated. The patients were randomized to NIV or standard medical therapy. Re-intubation rate within 72 hours was the primary outcome measure. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine predictors for extubation failure. We randomized 406 patients to either NIV (no. = 202) or standard medical therapy (no. = 204). The 2 groups had similar baseline clinical characteristics. There were no differences in extubation failure (13.2% in control and 14.9% in NIV), intensive care unit or hospital mortality. Cardiac failure was a more common cause of extubation failure in control than in NIV. There was no difference in rapid shallow breathing index (RSBI) in extubation failure patients between control (80) and NIV (73). When using data from all patients, we found Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) scores (odds ratio [OR] 1.13, 95% CI 1.07-1.20, P < .001), maximal inspiratory pressure (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.00-1.08, P = .03), and RSBI (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.02-1.05, P < .001) to be predictors of extubation failure. Abundant secretions were the most common reason (35.1%) for extubation failure identified by attending physicians. Preventive use of NIV after extubation in patients who passed spontaneous breathing trial did not show benefits in decreasing extubation failure rate or the mortality rate.
    Respiratory care 07/2011; 57(2):204-10. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The interferon-γ enzyme-linked immunospot assay (ELISPOT) has been demonstrated to be useful in the diagnosis of active tuberculosis (TB). In this study we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the ELISPOT assay in cancer patients with suspected pulmonary TB. Eighty-one cancer patients with suspected pulmonary TB were prospectively enrolled from April 2007 to December 2008, to investigate the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of the ELISPOT assay. Of the 38 patients with TB, 33 (86.8%) had positive ELISPOT results. Of the 43 patients without TB, the results of the ELISPOT assay were negative in 35 (81.3%) patients. The overall sensitivity was 86.8%, specificity 81.3%, positive predictive value 80.5% and negative predictive value 87.5%. No significant difference was noted for the diagnostic performance of the ELISPOT assay for diagnosing TB between solid cancer and haematological cancer patients. In addition, a quantitative study did not show that TB patients with solid cancers have a better response than haematological cancer patients as measured by spot-forming cells per 10(6) peripheral blood mononuclear cells after exposure to early secretory antigenic target 6 (ESAT-6) and culture filtrate protein 10 (CFP-10). In conclusion, the ELISPOT assay could be a useful supplementary tool for the diagnosis of pulmonary TB among cancer patients, irrespective of cancer type.
    Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 12/2010; 42(11-12):851-6. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of an enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay for interferon-γ in patients with suspected genitourinary tuberculosis (TB). A total of 30 patients with suspected genitourinary TB at the National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, were prospectively enrolled from January 2007 to December 2009, and 12 of whom had positive urine culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Frequency and dysuria were the most common symptoms noted in 6 (50.0%) and 4 (33.3%) patients, respectively. Pyuria was the most common finding of urinalysis noted in 11 (91.7%) patients. Six (50.0%) patients had positive acid-fast stain in urine. Among the 30 patients, 13 patients had positive ELISPOT assay. Eleven patients with positive ELISPOT assay had culture-confirmed TB, and the remaining 2 patients without evidence of active TB had positive ELISPOT assay. The overall sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for genitourinary TB diagnosis by the ELISPOT assay were 91.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 59.8-99.6%), 88.9% (95% CI, 63.9-98.1%), 84.6% (95% CI, 53.7-97.3%), and 94.1% (95% CI, 69.2-96.7%), respectively. In conclusion, ELISPOT assay can provide useful support in diagnosing genitourinary TB.
    Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease 11/2010; 68(3):247-50. · 2.45 Impact Factor
  • Resuscitation 11/2010; 81(11):1596-7. · 4.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mild hypothermia has become an important treatment for ischemic brain injury. However, the role of mild hypothermia in air embolism-induced lung injury has not been explored. In this study, we investigated whether treatment with mild hypothermia before and synchronous with air infusion can attenuate acute lung injury induced by air embolism. In this rat model study (Sprague-Dawley rats), pulmonary air embolism was induced by venous infusion of air at a rate of 25 microL/min for 40 minutes. Control animals received no air infusion. The rats were randomly assigned to 2 control groups of normothermia (37 degrees C) and mild hypothermia (34 degrees C) and 3 air embolism groups of mild hypothermia induced before air infusion, normothermia with air infusion, and mild hypothermia induced synchronous with air infusion. At the end of the experiment, the variables of lung injury were assessed. Air infusion elicited a significant increase in lung wet/dry weight ratio and protein, lactate dehydrogenase, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha concentration of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Myeloperoxidase activity, neutrophil infiltration, and interstitial edema in lung tissue were also significantly increased. In addition, nuclear factor-kappaB activity was significantly increased in the lungs. Treatment with mild hypothermia before air infusion reduced increases in these variables, whereas mild hypothermia synchronous with air infusion had no significant effect on them. Our study suggests that mild hypothermia before air infusion decreases air embolism-induced acute lung injury. The protective mechanism seems to be the inhibition of inflammation.
    Anesthesia and analgesia 05/2010; 110(5):1336-42. · 3.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human infections due to non-faecalis and non-faecium Enterococcus species are emerging but data on the characteristics of these infections are limited. We retrospectively reviewed the computerized database of the bacteriology laboratory at National Taiwan University Hospital from January 2000 through December 2008 to identify patients with non-faecalis and non-faecium enterococcal bacteremia. Enterococcal bacteremia was diagnosed in 1887 patients during the study period and was caused by non-faecalis and non-faecium enterococci in 182 (9.6%) of these patients. The causative organisms included Enterococcus casseliflavus (n = 59, 3.1%), Enterococcus gallinarum (n = 58, 3.0%), Enterococcus avium (n = 45, 2.4%), Enterococcus hirae (n = 9, 0.5%), Enterococcus raffinosus (n = 9, 0.5%), Enterococcus durans (n = 2, 0.1%), Enterococcus cecorum (n = 2, 0.1%), and Enterococcus canintestini (n = 1, 0.5%). A commercially-available phenotypic identification system misidentified six isolates based upon sequence analysis of 16S and groESL genes. Among the 182 patients, 74 (40.7%) had catheter-associated bloodstream infection and 69 (37.9%) presented with biliary tract infection. Healthcare-associated enterococcal bacteremia comprised 99 (54.4%) episodes and a polymicrobial etiology was found in 106 (58.2%) episodes. The clinical manifestations varied between the infecting Enterococcus species. Multivariate logistic regression showed that immunocompromised status is the only risk factor for the all cause mortality. Non-faecalis and non-faecium Enterococcus species can cause protean manifestations which vary with the infecting Enterococcus species. Misidentification of unusual enterococcal species might occur by the commercial identification methods and accurate identification with molecular methods is required.
    The Journal of infection 04/2010; 61(1):34-43. · 4.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adaptive support ventilation (ASV) is a new mode of mechanical ventilation that seeks an optimal breathing pattern based on the minimum work of breathing (WOB) principle. The operator's manual for the ventilators that provide ASV recommends that the %MinVol setting be started at 100% (the 100%MinVol setting), but it is unclear whether that setting reduces WOB in patients with respiratory failure. We studied 22 hemodynamically stable patients with respiratory failure who were on pressure-support ventilation. We switched the ventilation mode to ASV and started at the 100%MinVol setting. We then increased the %MinVol setting by 10% every 5 min until 1-3 mandatory breaths per min appeared, and called that setting the ASV target point. We then tested 2 additional %MinVol settings: 20% below the ASV target point (target-point-20%), and 20% above the ASV target point (target-point+20%). We tested each %MinVol setting for 10 min. At the end of each 10-min period we measured respiratory variables, pressure-time product (PTP), and airway occlusion pressure at 0.1 s after the onset of inspiratory flow (P(0.1)). In 18 patients (82%), at the 100%MinVol setting, the actual minute volume (V(E)) was greater than the target V(E). At the ASV target point the mean +/- SD %MinVol setting was 165 +/- 54% and was associated with a 40% decrease in PTP and P(0.1), but V(E) did not change. At target-point+20%, V(E) increased slightly, primarily due to a small increase in tidal volume, and PTP and P(0.1) further decreased. At target-point-20%, PTP and P(0.1) were similar to those at the 100%MinVol setting. At the ASV target point the 6 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease had a lower mean %MinVol setting (125 +/- 23%) than the 16 patients who did not have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (180 +/- 55%). The 100%MinVol setting was frequently not associated with lower WOB in patients with respiratory failure. The %MinVol setting that significantly reduced WOB could be detected by increasing the %MinVol setting until a few mandatory breaths began to appear, and was on average 165% of the MinVol setting.
    Respiratory care 03/2010; 55(3):334-41. · 2.03 Impact Factor
  • American Journal of Kidney Diseases 03/2010; 55(3):615. · 5.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of procalcitonin (PCT) in elderly patients with bacterial infection in the emergency department (ED). Prospective. ED of a tertiary care hospital. Elderly patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) enrolled from September 2004 through August 2005. A serum sample for the measurement of PCT, two sets of blood cultures, and other cultures of relevant specimens from infection sites were collected in the ED. Two independent experts blinded to the PCT results classified the patients into bacterial infection and nonbacterial infection groups. Of the 262 patients with SIRS enrolled, 204 were classified as having bacterial infection and 48 as having bacteremia. PCT levels were significantly higher in patients with bacteremia than in those without. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for identification of bacteremia according to PCT was 0.817 for the old-old group (>or=75), significantly higher than 0.639 for the young-old group (65-74); P=.02). The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of PCT for bacteremia in patients aged 75 and older were 96.0%, 68.3%, 33.8%, and 98.8%, respectively, with a PCT cutoff value of 0.38 ng/mL. PCT is sensitive for diagnosing bacteremia in elderly patients with SIRS at ED admission but is helpful in excluding bacteremia only in those aged 75 and older. PCT is not an independent predictor of local infections in these patients.
    Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 02/2010; 58(3):518-22. · 3.98 Impact Factor
  • Resuscitation 11/2009; 81(1):133. · 4.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A horizontal surveillance study was conducted to identify common bacteria and mycobacteria from 611 respiratory aspirates and 165 urinary samples from 611 patients hospitalised at 17 respiratory care wards (RCWs) in Taiwan. Some major resistance phenotypes, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis, and multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MDR-PA) and Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-AB), were identified. Pulsotypes of ESBL-producing P. mirabilis isolates were determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. The prevalences of MRSA, ESBL-producing E. coli (K. pneumoniae and P. mirabilis), carbapenem-resistant (resistant to imipenem and meropenem) P. aeruginosa, MDR-PA, carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii and MDR-AB were, respectively, 86.7%, 20.0% (50.7% and 24.1%), 18.4%, 1.2%, 32.1% and 8.9% for respiratory aspirates and 100%, 25.4% (27.3% and 25.0%), 48.3%, 10.3%, 50.0% and 21.4% for catheterised urinary samples. Among the 44 respiratory isolates of P. mirabilis with an ESBL phenotype, 22 different pulsotypes (>80% identity) were identified. Among 103 isolates of mycobacteria, 90 (87.4%) belonged to rapidly growing mycobacteria and 4 (4%) were Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Among the 404 patients with available clinical information, true infections were found in 28.0%, the most prevalent of which were urinary tract infection (20.5%) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (10.9%). High prevalences of various multidrug-resistant bacteria among the respiratory and urinary tracts of patients present a clinical difficulty in choosing empirical antibiotic treatment in RCWs.
    International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 05/2008; 31(5):420-6. · 4.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperglycemia and hypoxia synergistically retard diabetic wound healing. We investigated the direct effect of hyperbaric and normobaric hyperoxia on skin fibroblasts cultured in a high-glucose medium. Detroit 551 human dermal fibroblasts cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium containing d-glucose had reduced cell survival compared with cells grown in normal glucose medium; survival was 27.5+/-3.8% lower in 25 mM glucose and 30.6+/-3.7% lower in 50 mM glucose. Cell survival decreased because of inhibition of cell proliferation and enhanced cell death. Daily hyperbaric oxygen therapy at 2.5 atmosphere absolute for 90 minutes on 3 consecutive days reduced cell proliferation and increased cell death in normal cultured fibroblasts. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy and high-glucose medium had a synergistic effect and reduced survival by 37.6+/-4.4% (25 mM glucose) and 39.6+/-5.1% (50 mM glucose). The effects of hyperbaric oxygen and high-glucose medium were associated with overproduction of reactive oxygen species. Our results suggest that direct exposure of skin fibroblasts to hyperbaric oxygen affects cell growth and superimposes the toxic effect of high glucose. This cytotoxicity may be related to the production of reactive oxygen species in the fibroblasts.
    Wound Repair and Regeneration 01/2008; 16(4):513-9. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Beauvericin (BEA), a cyclic hexadepsipeptide from Codyceps cicadae, possesses anti-convulsion, anti-arrhythmia, sedation, and anti-tumor activities. It has been reported that BEA induces apoptosis in several cancer cell lines. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the BEA-induced apoptotic process is not yet clearly understood. In the present study, the intracellular signaling pathways of BEA-induced apoptosis in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells were investigated using morphological analysis and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) technique. In this study, BEA-induced apoptosis in human NSCLC A549 cells demonstrated a BEA concentration- and treatment time-dependent manner. This BEA-induced apoptosis in human NSCLC A549 cells was also accompanied by the up-regulation of Bax, Bak, and p-Bad and down-regulation of p-Bcl-2, but no effect on the levels of Bcl-X(L) or Bad proteins. Moreover, the BEA treatment resulted in a significant reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential, increase in the release of mitochondrial cytochrome c (cyt c), and activation of caspase 3. Furthermore, treatment with caspase 3 inhibitor (z-DEVD-fmk) was capable to prevent the BEA-induced caspase 3 activity and cell death. These results clearly demonstrate that the induction of apoptosis by BEA involves multiple cellular/molecular pathways and strongly suggest that pro- and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins, mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial cyt c, and caspase 3, they all participate in BEA-induced apoptotic process in human NSCLC A549 cells.
    Cancer Letters 01/2006; 230(2):248-59. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The lung alveolar epithelium consists of type I and type II pneumocytes. In vivo, the type II cell is the progenitor cell from which the type I cell originates. When freshly-isolated type II cells are cultured under conventional conditions they rapidly lose their phenotypic properties and attain characteristics of type I cells. Taking advantage of this transdifferentiation, we sought to identify genes that are differentially expressed during culture of rat type II cells. Using suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH), a vacuolar-type H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) C2 subunit gene (Atp6v1c2) was found to be enriched in freshly isolated rat type II cells compared to those cultured for 4 days. Northern blotting and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) confirmed the differential expression of Atp6v1c2 during in vitro culture of isolated type II cells. Expression ofAtp6v1c2 was significantly reduced early during in vitro culture: almost 90% reduction was observed after 24 h of incubation as determined by real-time PCR. In situ hybridization showed that Atp6v1c2 is expressed in both bronchiolar and alveolar lung epithelial cells, an expression pattern similar to that of surfactant protein B (SP-B). Multi-tissue Northern blotting revealed a unique tissue distribution with Atp6v1c2 expression limited to lung, kidney and testis. The presence and expression of Atp6v1c2 gene transcript isoforms, resulting from alternative splicing, were also investigated. Elucidation of differential expression of Atp6v1c2 in type II cells and further studies of its regulation may provide information useful in understanding the molecular mechanism underlying phenotypic and functional changes during transdifferentiation of alveolar epithelial cells.
    Journal of Biomedical Science 01/2006; 12(6):899-911. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antioxidants have been shown to be effective in attenuating acute lung injury. In this study, we determine the effects of various antioxidants by different mechanisms on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced changes. LPS was administered intravenously at a dose of 10 mg/kg to anesthetized rats. LPS induced a significant decrease in blood pressure (P < 0.01) and increased exhaled nitric oxide (NO) from 3.60+/-0.18 to 35.53+/-3.23 ppb (P < 0.01) during an observation period of 4 h. Plasma nitrate concentrations also increased from 0.61+/-0.06 to 1.54+/-0.22 micromol/l (P < 0.05). LPS-induced oxygen radical release from white blood cells isolated from rat peripheral blood also increased significantly (P < 0.001). After the experiment, the lung weight was obtained and lung tissues were taken for the determination of mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD). Histological examination of the lungs was also performed. In the control group injected with saline solution, mRNA expressions of iNOS, IL-1beta, TNF-alpha and MnSOD were absent. Four hours after LPS administration, mRNA expressions of iNOS, IL-1beta, and MnSOD were significantly enhanced, but TNF-alpha was not discernibly expressed. LPS also caused a twofold increase in lung weight. Pathological examination revealed endothelial cell damage and interstitial edema. Various antioxidants were given 1 h after LPS administration. These agents include SOD, catalase (CAT), SOD + CAT or vitamin C (ascorbic acid). These antioxidants effectively reversed the systemic hypotension, reduced the quantity of exhaled NO and plasma nitrate concentration, and prevented acute lung injury. Administration of various antioxidants also significantly attenuated LPS-induced oxygen radical release by rat white blood cells. LPS induced mRNA expressions of MnSOD and iNOS were significantly depressed by these antioxidants. However, only SOD + CAT and vitamin C inhibited the mRNA expression of IL-1beta. These results suggest that oxygen radicals are responsible for LPS-induced lung injury. Antioxidants can attenuate the lung injury by inhibiting mRNA expressions of iNOS and IL-1beta.
    The Chinese journal of physiology 10/2004; 47(3):111-20. · 0.75 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

181 Citations
62.84 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2014
    • Fu Jen Catholic University
      • School of Medicine
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2010
    • Chi-Mei Medical Center
      臺南市, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2008–2010
    • Cardinal Tien Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
    • Taipei Medical University
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan