Akira Ichikawa

Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kioto, Kyōto, Japan

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Publications (15)18.59 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In vitro antigen stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) does not induce immunoglobulin (Ig) production. However, pretreatment of PBMCs with l-leucyl-l-leucine methyl ester (LLME) prior to in vitro stimulation removes the suppression of Ig production. In the present study, we attempted to identify the target cells of LLME and determine the mechanisms by which Ig production in PBMCs is suppressed. We found that CD14(+) monocytes are involved in the suppression of Ig production in PBMCs. Furthermore, we confirmed that heavy-chain ferritin derived from CD14(+) monocytes suppresses Ig production in PBMCs, possibly through iron sequestration.
    Immunobiology 09/2013; · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previously, we have established an in vitro immunization method to induce antigen-specific antibody-producing B cells. In the present study, we have attempted to clarify the mechanisms that regulate antibody production by in vitro immunized peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Freshly isolated PBMC did not induce antibody production following in vitro immunization, but expressed the interleukin (IL)-10 gene. On the other hand, PBMC pretreated with L: -leucyl-L: -leucine methyl ester (LLME) induced antibody production, but did not express the IL-10 gene. IL-10 induced functional impairment of CD4(+) Th cells and CD11c(+) DC, resulting in the suppression of antibody production by in vitro immunized PBMC.
    Cytotechnology 01/2008; 55(2-3):71-7. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously developed an in vitro immunization (IVI) protocol of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) for generating antigen-specific human antibodies. In order to clarify whether IVI protocolinduces antigen-specific B cell responses in PBMC, we analyzed family gene usage and sequence of the variable region gene of immunoglobulin heavy chain (VH gene) of the antibody produced from the in vitro immunized PBMC. Sequence homology analyses of VH gene demonstrated that a larger repertoire of B cells can be sensitized with mite-extract than with cholera toxin B subunit and rice allergen. Further, antigen-specific B cells were efficiently expanded by using CpG oligodeoxynucleotide as adjuvant. These results suggest that appropriate combination of sensitizing antigen and adjuvant is primarily important for expansion of antigen-specific B cells in IVI protocol.
    Cytotechnology 12/2006; 52(3):227-33. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fucoidan is a uniquely-structured sulfated polysaccharide found in the cell walls of several types of brown seaweed that has recently, especially as enzyme-digested fucoidan extract, attracted a lot attention due to its anti-tumor potential. In this study, we evaluated the effects of enzyme-digested fucoidan extracts prepared from seaweed Mozuku of Cladosiphon novae-caledoniae kylin on in vitro invasion and angiogenesis abilities of human tumor cells. First, we evaluated the effect of the fucoidan extracts on oxidative stress of tumor cells, and demonstrated that intracellular H(2)O(2) level and released H(2)O(2) from tumor cells were both greatly repressed upon the treatment with the fucoidan extracts, suggesting that fucoidan extracts ameliorate oxidative stress of tumor cells. Next, we tested for the effects of fucoidan extracts on invasion ability of human fibrosarcoma HT1080 cells, showing that fucoidan extracts significantly inhibit their invasion, possibly via suppressing matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) MMP-2/9 activities. Further, we investigated the effects of the fucoidan extracts on angiogenesis of human uterine carcinoma HeLa cells, and found that fucoidan extracts suppressed expression and secretion of an angiogenesis factor vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), resulting in suppressed vascular tubules formation of tumor cells. The results taken together clarified that enzyme-digested fucoidan extracts from Cladosiphon novae-caledoniae kylin possess inhibitory effects on invasion and angiogenesis of tumor cells. These effects might, at least partially, be elicited by the antioxidative potential of enzyme digested fucoidan extracts.
    Cytotechnology 02/2005; 47(1-3):117-26. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the two-stage cell transformation theory, cancer cells first receive initiation, which is mainly caused by DNA damage, and then promotion, which enhances transformation. Murine Balb/c 3T3 cells are widely used for transformation experiments because they lose contact inhibition ability when transformed. Electrolyzed reduced water (ERW), which is produced near a cathode during electrolysis of water, is an alkaline drinking water that is beneficial to health. ERW contains a high concentration of dissolved hydrogen and scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS), along with a small amount of platinum (Pt) nanoparticles (Pt nps) derived from Pt-coated titanium electrodes. Pt nps stably disperse in aqueous solution for a long time, and convert hydrogen molecules to active hydrogen (atomic hydrogen) that can scavenge ROS. Therefore, ERW supplemented with synthesized Pt nps is a model strong reduced water. This is the first report that ERW supplemented with synthesized Pt nps strongly prevents transformation of Balb/c 3T3 cells. ERW was prepared by electrolysis of 0.002 M NaOH solution using a batch-type electrolysis device. Balb/c 3T3 cells were treated with 3-methyl cholanthrene (MCA) as an initiation substance, followed by treatment with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) as a promotion substance. MCA/PMA-induced formation of a transformation focus was strongly suppressed by ERW supplemented with Pt nps but not by ERW or Pt nps individually. ERW supplemented with Pt nps suppressed transformation at the promoter stage, not at initiation, suggesting that ERW supplemented with Pt nps suppressed the PMA-induced augmentation of intracellular ROS. ERW supplemented with Pt nps is a potential new antioxidant against carcinogenesis.
    Cytotechnology 02/2005; 47(1-3):97-105. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The cell line D29, which was easily and rapidly established by the promoter-activated production and glutamine synthetase hybrid system, secreted recombinant human interleukin-6 (hIL-6) at a productivity rate of 39.5 mug 10(-6) cells day(-1), one of the highest reported levels worldwide. The productivity rate was about 130-fold higher than that of the cell line A7, which was established without both promoter activation and gene amplification. Although D29 cells had a high copy number and high mRNA level of the hIL-6 gene as well as a high secretion rate of hIL-6, large amounts of intracellular hIL-6 protein accumulated in D29 cells compared to A7 cells. Northern blotting analysis showed no change in the GRP78/BiP expression level in D29 cells. In contrast, an electrophoresis mobility shift assay revealed strong activation of NF-kappaB in D29 cells. These results suggest that large amounts of hIL-6 translated from large amounts of hIL-6 mRNA cause excess accumulation of intact hIL-6 in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and that subsequent negative feedback signals via the ER overload response inhibit hIL-6 protein secretion. To enhance the hIL-6 productivity rate of D29 cells by releasing the negative feedback signals, the effect of pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate, an inhibitor of NF-kappaB activation, was examined. Suppression of NF-kappaB activation in D29 cells produced a 25% augmentation of the hIL-6 productivity rate. Therefore, in highly productive cells like D29 cells, the release of negative feedback signals could increase the total amount of recombinant protein secretion.
    Cytotechnology 02/2005; 47(1-3):29-36. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human leukemia cell lines, KU812 and KU812F, are immature prebasophillic cell lines and have a potential to differentiate into basophils. Hydrocortisone (HC) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) can enhance the cell surface FcepsilonRI expression of KU812 cells. However, the differentiated phenotypes of KU812 cells were unstable, hindering the application of KU812 cells to construct a practical invitro allergy reaction evaluation system. Here, we attempted to enhance the cell surface expression of FcepsilonRI on hydrocortisone (HC)- or sodium nitroprusside (SNP)-treated KU812 cells by IgE. The cell surface FcepsilonRI expression was observed in about 20, 20 and 26% of 1 muM HC-, 1 nM SNP- and 450 ng ml(-1) IgE-treated KU812 cells, respectively. Whereas, the cell surface FcepsilonRI expression was observed in about 54% of KU812 cells treated with both 450 ng ml(-1) IgE and 1 muM HC for 8 days, and in about 33% of KU812 cells treated with both 450 ng ml(-1) IgE and 1 nM SNP for 4 days. Ninety five% of the IgE/HC- or IgE/SNP-treated KU812 cells expressed CD 13 antigen, a cell surface marker of basophils. An electrophoretic mobility shift assay revealed that AP-1, NF-AT and NF-kappaB transcription factors were all activated in IgE/HC- and IgE/SNP-treated KU812 cells. Since the differentiated KU812F cells were more sensitive than KU812 cells for histamine release by sensitization with human IgE and anti-IgE antibody, a practical in vitro allergy reaction evaluation system for general use was constructed using IgE/HC-treated KU812F cells. The differentiated KU812F cells sensitized with an allergicpatient's IgE and mite allergen exhibited histamine release. The constructed in vitro allergy reaction evaluation system using differentiated human leukemia KU812F cells will be useful to study allergic reaction and to analyze physiologically functional substances in allergic disease.
    Cytotechnology 12/2002; 40(1-3):75-83. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In vitro immunization (IVI) techniques have a great potential in the production of human monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against various antigens. An IVI method of human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) has been developed with a human lung adenocarcinoma cell line in our laboratory. We have succeeded in generating several cancer specific human MAbs using this IVI method. Because this IVI method was not available for soluble antigens, we improved it for soluble antigens. IVI with soluble antigens was effectively caused by the addition of muramyl dipeptides, interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interleukin-4 (IL-4). It wasfound thatthe difference of sensitivityof lymphocytes depending upon donors could be overcome to find the optimal concentrations of IL-2 and IL-4. IVI of human PBL was performed with cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) and the immunized B cells were transformed by Epstein-Barr virus. Anti-CTB antibody was detected using an indirect ELISA. Clones producing anti-CTB antibodies were directly cloned by a soft agar cloning method.
    12/2001: pages 617-623;
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    ABSTRACT: We reported previously that adenocarcinoma-reactive human monoclonal antibody AE6F4, which had been generated by in vitro immunization method, recognizes both 14-3-3protein and cytokeratin 8 (CK8). In this study, to analyze the cross-reactivity of AE6F4 antibody, epitopes of AE6F4 antibody on 14-3-3 proteins and CK8 were studied by using synthetic linear peptide scanning technology. To determine the locations of B cell epitope, 48 and 95 of decapeptides covering the entire 14-3-3 proteins and CK8, respectively,were synthesized and binding to AE6F4 antibody was examined by ELISA. The AE6F4 antibody was strongly reactive to peptides containing amino acid sequences TLWTSDTQGD in 14-3-3 proteins and INFLRQLYEE in CK8. These results indicate that AE6F4 antibody can recognize the different peptide sequences in 14-3-3 proteins and CK8.
    Cytotechnology 08/2001; 36(1-3):101-7. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously established an in vitro immunization protocol for generating antigen specific human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). In vitro immunization was performed against the soluble protein of rice allergenic protein (RA), resulting in the generation of three B cell clones, AC7-1/F9, CB7-1/E2 and CB7-8/F5, all of which produce a RA-specific human monoclonal IgM antibody. We attempted to map the epitope regions recognized by thesem Abs to characterize their specificities. We performed two rounds of epitope mapping, rough mapping using 10-mer peptides covering the full-length RA with 5 amino acids overlapping, and fine mapping using 8-mer peptides covering the putative epitope regions from the rough mapping with 1amino acid overlapping. As a result of the fine mapping,we identified the epitope regions of these three mAbs as(45)QVWQDCCRQ(54)L, (56)AVDDGWCRCGA(67)L and(91)FPGCRRG(98)D on the RA molecule and found to be identical. Furthermore, we determined the putative core epitope regions, which are critical for mAb binding to each region, (47)WQDCC(52)R and (60)GWC(63)R. The information about the epitope region on the RA molecule,which might trigger the allergenic response, would be useful to establish a specific immunotherapy against rice allergy.
    Cytotechnology 08/2001; 36(1-3):109-15. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have demonstrated that an immature prebasophilic cell line,KU812 cells can be induced to differentiate into basophil-like cells when cultured with hydrocortisone (HC) with enhanced cell surface expression of FcepsilonRI, a high affinity IgE receptor. In this study, we report that sodium nitroprusside (SNP), an intracellular NO donor, also induces cell surface expression of FcepsilonRI on KU812 cells. Cell surface FcepsilonRI expression was detected in about 20% of KU812 cells treated with SNP for 14 days as well as the cells treated with HC for 7 days, while non-treated KU812 cells did not express FcepsilonRI on their cell surface. However, Wright-Giemsa staining and flowcytometry analysis of CD13 and CD15 antigens on HC and SNP treated KU812 cells demonstrated that SNP induced eosinophilic differentiation in KU812 cells differently from HC which induced basophilic differentiation. To further confirm this result, we performed RT-PCR against mRNAs specific for eosinophils, such as eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN) and eosinophil peroxidase(EPO). SNP treated KU812 cells but not HC treated cells expressed EDN and EPO mRNA depending upon the induction of differentiation,clearly demonstrating that SNP induces eosinophilic differentiation in KU812 cells. To clarify that different signaling cascades were activated in HC and SNP treated KU812 cells, we analyzed activities of AP-1, NF-AT and NF-kappaB transcription factors by EMSA, which are known to be involved in signal transduction pathways downstream from the FcepsilonRI molecule of basophils. All these three transcription factors were activated in HC treated KU812 cells,but not in non-treated and SNP treated KU812 cells. These results indicate that KU812 cells are multi-potent precursor cells which can be induced to differentiate into basophils and eosinophils upon exogenous signals, and that NO is an important factor to decide the eosinophilic differentiation in KU812 cells with enhanced surface expression of FcepsilonRI, and further suggest that different signaling cascades can be activated between basophilic and eosinophilic differentiation in KU812 cells.
    Cytotechnology 08/2001; 36(1-3):179-86. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adult T cell leukemia (ATL) is a malignant disease characterized by tumorous proliferation of CD4+ T cells infected with retrovirus human T cell leukemia virus Type-I (HTLV-I) and concurs with an autoimmune disease and cancer due to attenuated immune response. In this study, we established ATL patient derived B-cell line TM-1 producing cancer-specific IgM antibodies, and further characterized its antigen specificity by establishing hybridomas fused with human-mouse origin hetero-myeloma cell line RF-S1. We established three hybridoma cell lines termed 2E12, 3E9, and 3E10, which continuously secreted human IgM antibodies. Immunohistochemical staining of formalin-fixed tissue section using antibodies secreted from these hybridomas showed that these antibodies specifically recognized tumor sites of human colon adenocarcinomas. Antibody produced from hybridoma 3E9 bound to some of leukemic cell lines, but not to normal human PBL, which was evidenced by the flow cytometric analysis, indicating that antibody produced from 3E9 recognizes cell surface antigen specifically expressed in the leukemic cells.
    Cytotechnology 06/2001; 36(1):171-177. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In vitro immunization (IVI) techniques have a great potential in the production of human monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against various antigens. An IVI method of human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) has been developed with a human lung adenocarcinoma cell line in our laboratory. Although several cancer specific human MAbs were successfully generated by using this IVI method, it was not available for soluble antigens, which prompted us to improve the method for generation of human MAbs against soluble antigens. IVI with soluble antigens was effectively caused by the addition of muramyl dipeptides, interleukin-2 and interleukin-4. It was found that the difference of sensitivity of lymphocytes depending upon donors could be overcome by finding the optimal concentrations of IL-2 and IL-4. IVI of human PBL was performed with cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) and the immunized B cells were transformed by Epstein-Barr virus. Anti-CTB antibody was detected using an indirect ELISA. B cells producing anti-CTB antibodies were directly cloned by a soft agar cloning method.
    Cytotechnology 01/1999; 31(1):133-141. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The human monoclonal antibody (MAb) AE6F4 is secreted by a human-human hybridoma line established from the in vitro immunization of normal human peripheral blood lymphocytes with the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line, A549. This MAb is strongly reactive to lung cancer tissues. In the previous study, the antigens recognized by the MAb AE6F4 were purified from A549 cells and identified as 14-3-3 protein and 31 kDa cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2). The MAb AE6F4 also binds two kinds of antigens (53 kDa and 40 kDa), which are not related to 14-3-3 protein or 31 kDa cPLA2, in the human breast adenocarcinoma cell line, MCF-7. We purified a 38 kDa antigen, which is a degradation product of 53 kDa antigen from breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells using ion-exchange and hydroxyapatite column chromatography. Two partial amino acid sequences of the purified 38 kDa antigen showed 95-100% homology to human cytokeratin 8 (CK8). Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and immunoblot analysis of intermediate filament fraction separated from MCF-7 cells demonstrated that the 53 kDa and 40 kDa antigens were CK8 and CK19, respectively. Antigenic determinants on CK8 and CK19 recognized by the MAb AE6F4 were resistant to sodium periodate treatment, although antigenic determinant on 31 kDa antigen (14-3-3 protein and(or) cPLA2) was sensitive to this treatment. These results suggest that the MAb AE6F4 reacts with both carbohydrate and peptide antigenic determinants.
    Human antibodies 02/1997; 8(4):195-202.
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    ABSTRACT: The human monoclonal antibody AE6F4 specifically reacts with human lung cancer tissues but does not with normal tissues. This monoclonal antibody recognizes a cytosolic 31 kDa antigen in the cancer cells. In a previous study, we elucidated that the 31 kDa antigen belonged to a family of proteins collectively designated as 14-3-3 proteins, which were known as protein kinase-dependent activators of tyrosine/trytophan hydroxylases, or protein kinase C inhibitor proteins. Here we report molecular cloning of the 31 kDa antigen from the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line, A549. Sequencing analysis indicates that the cloned cDNA is identical to that of previously reported human placental cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), which is also a member of the 14-3-3 protein family. Western analysis demonstrated that a 31 kDa recombinant cPLA2 expressed in monkey COS cells was recognized by the AE6F4 monoclonal antibody. Binding of the monoclonal antibody to the recombinant cPLA2 was abolished when treated with sodium periodate, suggesting that not only are carbohydrate chains associated with the cPLA2, but they also play a crucial role in antigen recognition by the monoclonal antibody.
    Cytotechnology 02/1995; 17(2):103-8. · 1.32 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

93 Citations
18.59 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2008
    • Kyoto Institute of Technology
      • Department of Applied Biology
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 1997–2008
    • Kyushu University
      • • Graduate School of Systems Life Sciences
      • • Faculty of Agriculture
      Fukuoka-shi, Fukuoka-ken, Japan
  • 2001
    • National Institute of Health Sciences, Japan
      • Division of Medical Devices
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan