Yue-Min Nan

Hebei Medical University, Chentow, Hebei, China

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Publications (21)21 Total impact

  • Yue-Min Nan, Rong-Qi Wang, Na Fu
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    ABSTRACT: Alcoholic liver injury represents a progressive process with a range of consequences including hepatic steatosis, steatohepatitis, liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Targeting key molecular regulators involved in the development of alcoholic liver injury may be of great value in the prevention of liver injury. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) plays a pivotal role in modulation of hepatic lipid metabolism, oxidative stress, inflammatory response and fibrogenesis. As such, PPARα may be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of alcoholic liver disease.
    World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 07/2014; 20(25):8055-8060.
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    ABSTRACT: The cellular immunity has a profound impact on the status of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, the response of cellular immunity on the virological response in patients with antiviral treatment remains largely unclear. We aimed to clarify the response of peripheral T cells and monocytes in chronic hepatitis C patients with antiviral treatment. Patients with chronic hepatitis C were treated either with interferon alpha-2b plus ribavirin (n = 37) or with pegylated interferon alpha-2a plus ribavirin (n = 33) for up to 24 weeks. Frequencies of peripheral regulatory T-cells (Tregs), programmed death-1 (PD-1) expressing CD4+ T-cells or CD8+ T-cells and toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 expressing CD14+ monocytes were evaluated by flow cytometry in patients at baseline, 12 and 24 weeks following treatment and in 20 healthy controls. Frequencies of Tregs, PD-1 and TLR3 expressing cells were higher in patients than those in control subjects (P<0.05). Patients with complete early virological response (cEVR) showed lower Tregs, PD-1 expressing CD4+ or CD8+ T-cells than those without cEVR at 12 weeks (P<0.05). Patients with low TLR3 expressing CD14+ monocytes at baseline had a high rate of cEVR (P<0.05). Low peripheral TLR3 expressing CD14+ monocytes at baseline could serve as a predictor for cEVR of antiviral therapy in chronic HCV-infected patients. The cEVR rates were significantly increased in the patients with reduced circulating Tregs, PD-1 expressing CD4+ or CD8+ T-cells. Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR10001090.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(4):e93620. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the interleukin 17 (IL-17) gene and serum protein levels in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. A total of 228 patients with chronic HCV infection and 81 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. The frequencies of IL-17 rs8193036 and rs2275913 polymorphisms were detected by the TaqMan SNP genotyping assay. Serum levels of IL-17 protein were detected by ELISA. Pairwise comparisons were made by the Chi-square test, and the significance of between-group diffrences was assessed by the Student's t-test with P less than 0.05. The patients with chronic HCV infection and the healthy controls showed similar frequencies of the rs8193036 C/T allele (x2 = 1.428, P = 0.232) and the rs2275913 A/G allele (x2 = 0.106, P = 0.744). In addition, the two groups showed similar distribution of the rs8193036 CC (chronic HCV infection: 46.49% vs. healthy controls: 41.98%), CT (45.61% vs. 44.44%) and TT (7.89% vs. 13.58%) genotypes (x2 = 2.346, P = 0.309), and of the rs2275913 AA (16.23% vs. 13.58%), AG (48.25% vs. 50.62%) and GG (35.53% vs. 35.80%) genotypes (x2 = 0.340, P = 0.844). Subgroup analysis of chronic HCV infection patients stratified according to HCV genotypes 1 and 2 showed no differences in the distribution of rs8193036 and rs2275913 alleles (x2 = 1.127, P = 0.288; x2 = 1.088, P = 0.297) and genotypes (x2 = 2.825, P = 0.246; x2 = 0.970, P = 0.616). However, the chronic HCV infection group did show significantly higher levels of serum IL-17 than the controls (97.67+/-39.68 vs. 71.60+/-19.78 pg/ml, t = 2.414, P = 0.033). Chronic HCV infection is associated with increased serum IL-17; however, the IL-17 polymorphisms rs8193036 and rs2275913 were not associated with chronic HCV infection susceptibility in this study's Chinese cohort.
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 06/2013; 21(6):425-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To summarize the clinicopathological manifestations of Wilson disease(WD) so as to improve its recognition. A total of 29 WD cases were retrospectively analyzed, including clinical presentations, liver function test, serum ceruloplasmin, 24 hour urinary copper excretion, ATP7B gene analysis and liver histology. All cases were diagnosed from January 2007 to October 2012 at Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University and China-Japan Friendship Hospital. There were 18 males and 11 females with an average age of 25.9 years. The major clinical symptoms included fatigue (n = 18, 62.1%), abdominal distension (n = 4,13.8%) and pruritus (n = 4, 13.8%). The common physical signs were hepatomegaly (n = 11, 37.9%), splenomegaly(n = 15, 51.7%) and ascites (n = 4, 13.8%). The laboratory examinations included abnormal liver function (n = 29, 100%), high level of 24-hour urinary copper excretion (n = 29, 100.0%), low serum ceruloplasmin (n = 24, 82.8%) and Kayser-Fleischer ring (n = 8, 27.6%). ATP7B gene mutations were at exons 5, 8, 11, 12, 16 and 18. The earliest histologic abnormalities of liver included steatosis (both microvesicular and macrovesicular). Timm's stain showed positive or negative staining. There was no or focal hepatocellular necrosis in liver. During chronic hepatitis phase, the major changes included inflammatory cells infiltration in portal area with biliary epithelium degeneration. The periportal area hepatic cells were swollen, cytoplasm slightly stained and accompanied with some copper particles deposition and cholestic changes. There were many spotty or focal lesion of necrosis in liver. During cirrhotic phase, portal area became enlarged by fibrotic tissue, numerous copper particles deposited in wide fibrous septa and small bile ducts were damaged and became proliferative. Hepatocytes around fibrous interval showed cholestatic changes and contained many copper particles. They diagnosed on the basis of clinical presentation(n = 6), clinical presentation and liver histology (n = 4) and clinical presentation, liver histology and gene analysis (n = 19). There is a high misdiagnosis rate of WD based solely on clinical presentation. Cholestic changes around fibrous interval are common histologic features. The most common ATP7B gene mutations are compound heterozygotes in exons 16. Comprehensive evaluations of clinical presentation, liver histology and gene analysis are helpful for early diagnosis and timely treatment so that it helps to reduce the misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis rate sof WD.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2013; 93(18):1422-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To create a convenient method to establish an alcoholic liver fibrosis model in mice and use it to explore the putative pathogenic mechanisms involving the immuinomodulatory proteins osteopontin (OPN) and transforming growth factor-betal (TGF-beta1). Forty C57BLI6J mice were fed the Lieber-DeCarli 4% ethanol-containing liquid diet for four weeks, followed by an additional four weeks of the 4% ethanol diet combined with intraperitoneal injection of carbon tetrachloride (CC14 5% solution in olive oil; 2ml/ kg body weight, 2 times/week) to induce alcoholic liver fibrosis. Control groups (n = 6 each) included: normal diet; normal diet plus CCl4 injections; ethanol diet alone; ethanol diet plus solvent (olive oil) injections. Model establishment was monitored by sacrificing six mice at model inception (week 0), and weeks 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 of modeling to collect liver tissues and blood for histological and biochemical analyses. Extent of hepatic steatosis, inflammation, and fibrosis was assessed by hematoxylin-eosin and Masson staining. Liver function markers, serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels, were tested by automated enzymatic assays. Alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) expression was detected by immunohistochemistry. The mRNA and protein expression of OPN and TGF-beta1 was detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR and western blotting, respectively. Significance of differences between multiple groups was assessed by one-way ANOVA analysis followed by least significant difference t-test or Kruskal-Wallis H test followed by the Mann-Whitney U test. Compared to the control groups, the group of mice administrated ethanol and CCl4 developed mild to moderate hepatic steatosis at week 4 of modeling, progressive necroinflammation and perisinusoidal and portal fibrosis from weeks 5-8, and irregular necrosis and bridging fibrosis at week 8. In addition, the model group showed progressive up-regulation of a-SMA expression in the activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and fibrotic areas from weeks 5-8. Both hepatic OPN and TGF-beta1 showed significantly increasing trends in mRNA and protein expressions from weeks 5-8 (OPN mRNA: 1.83 +/- 0.25, 2.94 +/- 0.19, 3.45 +/- 0.31, and 5.99 +/- 0.17 (F= 476.27, P < 0.001); OPN protein: 0.52 +/- 0.06, 1.02 +/- 0.10, 1.52 +/- 0.11 and 1.50 +/- 0.08 (F= 298.03, P< 0.001); TGF-PI mRNA: 13.19 +/- 0.40, 3.31 +/- 0.28, 1.58 +/- 0.18 and 2.08 +/- 0.26 (F= 85.55, P < 0.001); TGF-P31 protein: 1.26 +/- 0.16, 0.96 +/- 0.12, 1.09 +/- 0.25 and 1.10 +/- 0.20 (F = 43.64, P < 0.001). Feeding C57BL/6J mice the Lieber-DeCarli ethanol-containing liquid diet combined with CCl4 intraperitoneal injection is a convenient method to establish a model of alcoholic liver fibrosis within a relatively short amount of time (eight weeks). Progression of alcoholic liver fibrosis is accompanied by increased hepatic expression of OPN and TGF-P1l, which may contribute to the pathogenic mechanism of this disease and may be targets of future molecular therapies.
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 03/2013; 21(3):207-12.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) ameliorates ethanol induced hepatic steatohepatitis. However, its role in alcoholic liver fibrosis has not been fully clarified. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect and the molecular basis of PPARalpha in ethanol induced liver fibrosis in mice. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice were fed with 4% ethanol-containing Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet for eight weeks, and intraperitoneal injected with 5% carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) for the last four weeks to induce alcoholic liver fibrosis. PPARalpha agonist WY14643 was administered to mice during the last couple of weeks. The effects of PPARalpha induction on liver histology, activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), as well as hepatic expression of inflammatory and fibrogenic factors were assessed. RESULTS: The ethanol plus CCl4 treated mice exhibited progressive liver injury including piecemeal necrosis of hepatocytes, severe inflammatory cells infiltration and bridging fibrosis. This was accompanied by down-regulated hepatic expression of PPARalpha and the protective cytokines adiponectin, heme oxygenase-1 and interleukin-10. Additionally, up-regulation of the proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha, as well as the profibrogenic genes osteopontin, transforming growth factor-beta 1, visfatin, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 was observed. WY14643 treatment restored expression of cytokines altered by ethanol plus CCl4 treatment and concomitantly ameliorated the liver injury. CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides evidence for the protective role of PPARalpha induction in ameliorating ethanol mediated fibrosis through mediation of inflammatory and fibrogenic factors.
    Lipids in Health and Disease 02/2013; 12(1):11. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the role and mechanism of the Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) system and its downstream signaling pathway related to the progression of alcoholic steatohepatitis and liver fibrosis. Eighteen C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into three groups: controls; alcoholic steatohepatitis model, given four-weeks of a 4% ethanol-containing Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet; alcoholic steatohepatitis and liver fibrosis model, given the four-week alcohol diet followed by twice weekly intraperitoneal injections of carbon tetrachloride (5% olive oil solution; 2 mL/kg dose) during the fifth to eighth weeks. Mice in the model groups were sacrificed at the end of week 4 and 8, respectively, along with control mice for comparative analyses. Liver tissue sections were evaluated for hepatocellular apoptosis by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay. The mRNA expression of Fas, FasL, cysteine aspartate-specific proteases 3 (caspase 3), and cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP 2E1) in liver tissues was detected by reverse transcription (RT)-PCR, visualized by ethidium bromide staining, and normalized to the gray-value of GAPDH expression. The protein expression of Fas and caspase 3 were detected by western blotting (b-actin normalized), and of FasL and CYP 2E1 by immunohistochemistry staining. Intergroup differences and statistical significance were evaluated by single factor analysis of variance and the least squares difference-t test or the Kruskal-Wallis H test and the Mann-Whitney U test. The number of apoptotic cells in the liver sections was significantly higher in both model groups with alcoholic steatohepatitis (vs. controls) and the amount in the alcoholic steatohepatitis plus liver fibrosis model was significantly higher than that in the model with only alcoholic steatohepatitis. In addition, activation of Fas, FasL and its downstream signaling pathway showed an increasing trend with extent of liver injury. The hepatic mRNA (by RT-PCR) and protein (by western blotting) normalized expression levels in the controls, alcoholic steatohepatitis models, and alcoholic steatohepatitis plus liver fibrosis models were, respectively: Fas mRNA: 0.50+/-0.05, 0.61+/-0.10, 0.76+/-0.03 (H=12.137, P less than 0.05), protein: 0.52+/-0.14, 0.86+/-0.10, 0.99+/-0.09 (F=12.758, P less than 0.01); FasL mRNA: 0.31+/-0.03, 0.53+/-0.02, 1.02+/-0.04 (F=153.260, P less than 0.01); caspase 3 mRNA: 0.86+/-0.11, 0.85+/-0.05, 1.33+/-0.16 (F=8.740, P less than 0.01), protein: 0.40+/-0.03, 0.69+/-0.06, 1.02+/-0.10 (F=90.785, P less than 0.01); CYP 2E1 mRNA: 0.72+/-0.14, 1.00+/-0.15, 1.30+/-0.20 (H=4.713, P less than 0.01). The changes in hepatic FasL and CYP 2E1 expression detected by immunohistochemistry were consistent with the mRNA expression. Activation of Fas/FasL and its downstream signaling pathway, which induces hepatocellular apoptosis, contributes to the development of alcoholic steatohepatitis and liver fibrosis.
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 02/2013; 21(2):129-33.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection causes chronic hepatitis in approximately 80 % of cases. Although it is well recognized that the immune system plays an important role in determining the outcomes of HCV infection, the underlying molecular mechanisms of persistent HCV infection and hepatic injury are incompletely understood. Tumor necrosis factor-α-induced protein 8-like 2 (TNFAIP8L2, TIPE2) is a newly identified negative regulator of innate and adaptive immunity. The goal of the present study is to investigate the potential role of TIPE2 in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection. Methods We used quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction to examine the mRNA expression levels of TIPE2, Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, and TLR4 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 60 CHC patients and 30 healthy controls. Results The TIPE2 mRNA expression was significantly downregulated, whereas that of TLR2 and TLR4 was upregulated in CHC patients compared with healthy controls. TIPE2 mRNA expression levels were negatively correlated with serum ALT, AST, and HCV RNA levels. TIPE2 mRNA expression was also negatively correlated with TLR2 and TLR4 mRNA levels in CHC patients. Moreover, TIPE2 mRNA expression was upregulated, whereas that of TLR2 and TLR4 was downregulated after treatment of patients with interferon-α and ribavirin. Conclusions These results indicate that HCV may promote chronic hepatitis by decreasing TIPE2 expression while enhancing TLR signaling.
    Hepatology International 01/2013; · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the outcomes of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients treated with antiviral regimens of interferon (IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) using individualized doses and durations. This study was designed as an open-label, prospective clinical trial to analyze the virological responses of 169 CHC patients who received individualized dosages of IFNa-2b or pegylated (Peg)IFNa-2a combined with RBV based on their weight ( less than 60 kg or more than or equal to 60 kg), age (less than 65 years or 65-75 years), morbid state (liver cirrhosis or not), and complications (such as heart disease, diabetes, thyroid disorder). Treatment duration was calculated using the time required to induce HCV RNA negativity. The rates of virological response and adverse effects among the different groups were compared. The IFNa-2b treatment was given to 116 patients, and PegIFNa-2a was given to 53 patients. Compared to the IFNa-2b group, the PegIFNa-2a group showed significantly higher rates of complete early virological response (cEVR; 76.7% vs. 92.5%, P less than 0.05) and sustained virological response (SVR; 53.6% vs. 92.3%, P less than 0.05) among the patients who had completed their course of treatment; the rapid virological response (RVR) rate was also higher for the PegIFNa-2a group but the difference did not reach statistical significance (48.7% vs. 60.4%, P more than 0.05). Seventy-eight patients received the routine dose, and 91 patients received the low dose; there were no significant differences between these two groups for RVR (53.8% vs. 58.9%, P more than 0.05), cEVR (78.0% vs. 80.8%, P more than 0.05), or SVR (65.5% vs. 58.3%, P more than 0.05). Use of an individualized antiviral treatment strategy designed according to the patient's baseline condition, early viral kinetics, and tolerability to adverse reactions can achieve a high rate of SVR, as well as improve the safety, prognosis, and cost-effectiveness associated with treating CHC patients.
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 01/2013; 21(1):23-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Fuzheng Huayu recipe (FZHY), a compound of Chinese herbal medicine, was reported to improve liver function and fibrosis in patients with hepatitis B virus infection. However, its effect on nutritional fibrosing steatohepatitis is unclear. We aimed to elucidate the role and molecular mechanism of FZHY on this disorder in mice. C57BL/6 J mice were fed with methionine-choline deficient (MCD) diet for 8 weeks to induce fibrosing steatohepatitis. FZHY and/or heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) chemical inducer (hemin) were administered to mice, respectively. The effect of FZHY was assessed by comparing the severity of hepatic injury, levels of hepatic lipid peroxides, activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and the expression of oxidative stress, inflammatory and fibrogenic related genes. Mice fed with MCD diet for 8 weeks showed severe hepatic injury including hepatic steatosis, necro-inflammation and fibrosis. Administration of FZHY or hemin significantly lowered serum levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, reduced hepatic oxidative stress and ameliorated hepatic inflammation and fibrosis. An additive effect was observed in mice fed MCD supplemented with FZHY or/and hemin. These effects were associated with down-regulation of pro-oxidative stress gene cytochrome P450 2E1, up-regulation of anti-oxidative gene HO-1; suppression of pro-inflammation genes tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-6; and inhibition of pro-fibrotic genes including α-smooth muscle actin, transforming growth factor beta 1, collagen type I (Col-1) and Col-3. Our study demonstrated the protective role of FZHY in ameliorating nutritional fibrosing steatohepatitis. The effect was mediated through regulating key genes related to oxidative stress, inflammation and fibrogenesis.
    Lipids in Health and Disease 03/2012; 11(1):45. · 2.31 Impact Factor
  • Yan-hong Jia, Shang-ju Gao, Yue-min Nan
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 01/2012; 20(1):67-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous study indicated that the death receptor Fas played a key role on hepatocyte apoptosis in nutritional steatohepatitis in mice. This study aimed to explore whether Fas mutation accelerated hepatic steatosis and inflammatory infiltration in methionine-choline deficient (MCD) diet feeding mice. Mice homozygous for the lymphoproliferation spontaneous mutation (C57BL/6J-Faslpr) and wild type C57BL/6J mice were fed with MCD diet for three weeks to induce non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) levels were detected by an Olympus AU5400 automatic chemical analyzer. The role of Fas gene mutation on NASH was assessed by comparing the severity of hepatic steatosis and inflammation in the liver sections, the mRNA and protein expressions of hepatic inflammatory and fibrogenesis related factors, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFb1). The serum ALT levels of the wild type and Faslpr mice fed with MCD were significant higher than that of the control mice (126.33+/-10.50 U/L vs (25.00+/-10.14) U/L, (160.33+/-48.29) U/L vs (18.33+/-9.08) U/L, with the LSD-t value 12.02, 5.08 respectively, the P value<0.001, 0.007 respectively. The serum ALT levels showed no significant difference between the Faslpr and wild type mice fed with MCD, with the LSD-t value 1.19, the P value 0.229. The serum AST, TG and TC levels showed neithere significant difference among the four groups. MCD diet induced hepatic steatosis and inflammatory infiltration in both of the wild type and Faslpr mice. Especially, severer hepatic injury was observed in Faslpr mice as compared with wild type mice. The mRNA expression levels of cell proliferation factor PCNA and fibrogenesis growth factor TGF b1 in wild type mice fed with MCD were significantly higher than that of the control mice (2.84+/-0.73, 2.77+/-0.54 vs 1.31+/-0.18, 0.89+/-0.18), with the LSD-t value 4.99, 8.08 respectively, the P value 0.001, <0.001 respectively. The mRNA expression levels of PCNA and TGFb1 in Faslpr mice fed with MCD were significantly higher than that of the Faslpr control mice and the wild type mice fed with MCD (5.57+/-1.13, 5.73+/-0.89 vs 1.04+/-0.16, 0.85+/-0.11 and 2.84+/-0.73, 2.77+/-0.54), with the LSD-t value 10.15, 13.19 and 5.33, 6.91 respectively, the P value<0.001. The protein expressions levels of PCNA and TGFb1 were concordant with the mRNA. Faslpr promoted hepatic steatosis and inflammatory infiltration in mice fed with MCD diet, which might associated with excessive release of cell proliferative, inflammatory and fibrogenesis factors.
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 09/2011; 19(9):653-7.
  • Wei-guang Ren, Su-xian Zhao, Yue-min Nan
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    ABSTRACT: Not Abstract.
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 07/2011; 19(7):560.
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    ABSTRACT: To elucidate the effect of targeted gene modulation of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARg) on hepatocellular apoptosis in nutritional fibrotic steatohepatitis in mice. C57BL/6J mice were fed with high fat, methionine-choline deficient (MCD) diet for 8 weeks to induce fibrotic steatohepatitis. Mice fed the MCD diet were treated with adenovirus carrying PPARg (Ad-PPARg), adenovirus-beta-galactosidase (Ad-LacZ), Ad-PPARg plus PPARg agonist rosiglitazone, or PPARg antagonist 2-chloro-5-nitro- benzanilide (GW9662), respectively. H and E stain was performed for observation of hepatocellular apoptosis, hepatic steatosis, inflammation and fibrosis in the liver sections. The expression levels of mRNA and protein of PPARg and apoptosis related genes, Fas, Fas Ligand (FasL), B cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) and cysteine-containing aspartate-specific proteases-3 (caspase-3) were detected by real-time RT-PCR and Western blot assay, respectively. Mice fed with MCD diet for 8 weeks showed severe hepatic injury including steatosis, hepatocellular apoptosis, inflammatory infiltration and fibrosis, concomitancy with enhanced expression of pro-apoptosis genes, Fas, FasL, Bax and caspase-3 and increased expression of anti-apoptosis gene Bcl-2, by comparing with the control group. The mRNA expression levels of these genes were 3.59+/-0.35 vs 1.11+/-0.37, 4.37+/-1.03 vs 1.09+/-0.33, 4.27+/-0.48 vs 1.03+/-0.10, 4.93+/-0.67 vs 1.12+/-0.24 and 3.95+/-0.34 vs 1.20+/-0.19, and LSD-t values were 2.49, 3.28, 3.25, 3.80 and 2.75, as compared with the control group, P is less than 0.01; the protein expression levels were 1.96+/-0.07 vs 0.45+/-0.07, 0.53+/-0.07 vs 0.22+/-0.02, 1.32+/-0.06 vs 0.59+/-0.03, 1.51+/-0.23 vs 0.36+/-0.09 and 0.57+/-0.01 vs 0.29+/-0.01, and LSD-t values were 1.51, 0.31, 0.73, 1.14 and 0.28, P is less than 0.01. Administration of PPARg agonist rosiglitazone and/or Ad-PPARg significantly ameliorated hepatic steatosis, hepatocellular apoptosis, necro inflammation and fibrosis. These effects were associated with repressed expression of pro-apoptosis genes and up-regulated expression of anti-apoptosis gene. After rosiglitazone treatment, the mRNA expression levels were 3.78+/-0.58, 3.66+/-0.83, 3.04+/-0.37, 2.54+/-0.62 and 4.42+/-0.42, and LSD-t values were 0.18, 0.71, 1.23, 2.39 and 0.46, as compared with MCD group, the P values were 0.627, 0.241, less than 0.01, less than 0.01 and 0.278, the protein expression levels were 1.06+/-0.03, 0.30+/-0.01, 0.70+/-0.05, 1.19+/-0.30 and 0.90+/-0.01, and LSD-t values were 0.90, 0.23, 0.62, 0.31 and 0.34, the P values were less than 0.01, less than 0.01, less than 0.01, 0.122, less than 0.01. After Ad-PPARg treatment, the mRNA expression levels were 2.31+/-0.16, 2.71+/-0.23, 2.52+/-0.27, 1.79+/-0.32 and 5.97+/-0.72, and LSD-t values were 1.28, 1.66, 1.75, 3.13 and 2.02, as compared with MCD group, P is less than 0.05; the protein expression levels were 1.73+/-0.07, 0.43+/-0.04, 1.01+/-0.08, 1.31+/-0.10 and 1.56+/-0.04, and LSD-t values were 0.23, 0.10, 0.30, 0.20 and 0.99, with P values equal 0.009, 0.01, less than 0.01, 0.322 and less than 0.01. This study provided evidences for the protective role of activation and overexpression of PPARg in ameliorating hepatocellular apoptosis in mice with hepatic fibrosing steatohepatitis.
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 07/2011; 19(7):521-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Interferon alpha (IFNα) therapy has been widely used in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) for decades. Nucleos(t)ide analogues are also increasingly used to treat CHB recently. More and more studies are being carried out concerning the clearance or seroconversion of HBsAg, which is recognized as an ideal goal of CHB therapy. This study conducted a meta-analysis to estimate the effect of pegylated interferon alpha (peginterferon α, PEG-IFNα)-based therapy on HBsAg clearance or seroconversion in CHB. All available controlled clinical trials, published from 2004 to 2010, with the following antiviral therapies for CHB patients: PEG-IFNα combined with lamivudine (LAM), PEG-IFNα only, conventional IFNα and LAM, with a course ≥24 weeks, were meta-analysed for HBsAg clearance and seroconversion. Fourteen trials (involving a total of 2,682 patients) were identified, including seven high-quality and seven low-quality studies. The analysis results of the different antiviral therapies on HBsAg clearance or seroconversion were as follows: 1. No significant difference in HBsAg clearance or seroconversion was observed between the combination therapy group and PEG-IFNα monotherapy group [odds ratio (OR) = 1.16, 95% confidence intervals (CI) (0.73-1.85), P = 0.54 and OR = 1.07, 95% CI (0.58-1.97), P = 0.82, respectively]; 2. HBsAg clearance and seroconversion rates in patients with combination therapy were markedly higher than in those with LAM monotherapy [OR = 9.41, 95% CI (1.18-74.94), P = 0.03, and OR = 12.37, 95% CI (1.60-95.44), P = 0.02, respectively]; 3. There was significant difference in HBsAg clearance between the PEG-IFNα group and IFNα monotherapy group [OR = 4.95, 95% CI (1.23-20.00), P = 0.02], but not in seroconversion [OR = 2.44, 95% CI (0.35-17.08), P = 0.37]; 4. PEG-IFNα was superior to LAM in HBsAg seroconversion [OR = 14.59, 95% CI (1.91-111.49), P = 0.01]. PEG-IFNα facilitated HBsAg clearance or seroconversion in CHB patients. PEG-IFNα-based therapy was more effective than LAM monotherapy in achieving HBsAg clearance or seroconversion for both HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative CHB patients. There was no significant difference in HBsAg clearance or seroconversion between PEG-IFNα/LAM combination therapy and PEG-IFNα monotherapy. PEG-IFNα was obviously superior to conventional IFNα in HBsAg clearance, but not in HBsAg seroconversion. Although PEG-IFNα produced significantly higher rates of HBsAg clearance and seroconversion, the absolute change in the proportion of HBsAg clearance and seroconversion was low (about 3-6%). Therefore, additional interventions are needed to improve the rate of positive outcomes.
    BMC Infectious Diseases 06/2011; 11:165. · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis is still unclear. We have demonstrated previously that peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) ligand protects against inflammation and fibrogenesis in experimental non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. We aim to elucidate the effect and the mechanism of PPARγ itself on nutritional fibrotic steatohepatitis in mice. C57BL/6J mice were fed with methionine-choline deficient (MCD) diet for 8 weeks to induce fibrotic steatohepatitis. Mice fed the MCD diet were treated with adenovirus carrying PPARγ (Ad-PPARγ), Ad-PPARγ plus PPARγ agonist rosiglitazone, or PPARγ antagonist 2-chloro-5-nitrobenzaniliden (GW9662), respectively. The effects of up-regulation of PPARγ in the presence or absence of its agonist/or antagonist were assessed by comparing the severity of hepatic injury, activation of hepatic stellate cells and the expression of adiponectin, heme oxygenase-1, and fibrogenic related genes. Mice fed with MCD diet for 8 weeks showed severe hepatic injury including hepatic steatosis, inflammatory infiltration, and fibrosis. Administration of Ad-PPARγ significantly lowered serum alanine aminotransferase level and ameliorated hepatic steatosis, necroinflammation, and fibrosis. These effects were associated with enhanced expression of PPARγ, up-regulated expression of adiponectin and heme oxygenase-1, and down-regulated expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-6, α-smooth muscle actin, transforming growth factor beta 1, matrix metallopeptidase-2, and -9. Administration of GW9662 promoted the severity of liver histology. The present study provided evidences for the protective role of overexpressing PPARγ in ameliorating hepatic fibrosing steatohepatitis in mice. Modulation of PPARγ expression might serve as a therapeutic approach for fibrotic steatohepatitis.
    Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2010; 46(3):358-69. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the potential role of heme oxygenase-1 on preventing non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in mice. Experimental models of NASH were established by feeding male C57BL/6J mice with choline-methionine deficient diet (MCD) for four weeks. Control animals were fed with choline-methionine supplemented diet. The treatment groups were fed with MCD diet combined with HO-1 inducer hemin or inhibitor zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP-IX). Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were tested by enzymic method with automatic biochemistry analyzer. The degree of hepatic steatosis, inflammation and fibrosis were examined under HE staining. The hepatic mRNA and protein expressions of HO-1, TNFalpha and IL-6 were analyzed by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively. MCD fed mice showed increased serum ALT and AST levels and moderate to severe hepatic steatosis with inflammatory infiltration, hepatic spot or focal necrosis, light portal and sinus hepaticus fibrosis in the liver sections, which associated with enhanced expression of HO-1, TNFalpha and IL-6 mRNA and protein (1.13+/-0.11, 1.74+/-0.05; 0.20+/-0.01, 1.92+/-0.10; 0.58+/-0.02, 2.06+/-0.05 vs 0.43+/-0.02, 0.75+/-0.05; 0.08+/-0.00, 0.59+/-0.02; 0.22+/-0.01, 0.91+/-0.02). Administration of hemin significantly decreased serum ALT and AST levels and attenuated hepatic steatosis and necroinflammation which associated with up-regulation of antioxidative gene HO-1 and down-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNFalpha and IL-6 (P < 0.01). A contrary effect on serum aminotransferase levels and liver histopathology was observed in mice injected with ZnPP-IX (P < 0.01). The effect was associated with suppressed HO-1 expression and increased TNFaLPHA and IL-6 expression. The data provided a biochemical, morphological and molecular biological evidence for the protective role of HO-1 in ameliorating hepatic steatosis, necroinflammation in experimental nutritional steatohepatitis.
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 09/2010; 18(9):680-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatic oxidative stress plays a key role in the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, the protective effects of antioxidants on NASH are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect and mechanism of antioxidants on NASH in mice. C57BL6/J mice were fed a methionine-choline-deficient (MCD) diet for 10 days or 3 weeks to induce steatohepatitis. Antioxidants (vitamin E, ABT, or vitamin E plus ABT) were supplemented in mice fed a MCD diet, respectively. The effect of antioxidants on oxidative stress and apoptosis was assessed, and activation of adiponectin and expressions of inflammatory factors, apoptosis-related genes, and fibrosis-related genes were assayed. MCD feeding in mice showed increasing serum alanine aminotransferase (ALAT) and aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT) levels, and progressive hepatic injury including hepatic steatosis and inflammatory infiltration. Administration of antioxidants vitamin E and/or ABT significantly lowered serum ALAT and ASAT levels (p<0.001) and ameliorated hepatic steatosis and necroinflammation. These effects were associated with repressed hepatic lipid peroxides through reducing hepatic MDA content and enhancing hepatic superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity; down-regulated inflammatory factor COX-2, lowered activity of NF-kappaB, up-regulated anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-2, and down-regulated pro-apoptotic gene Bax suppressed expression of the fibrotic genes TGF-beta1 and MMP2. Moreover, expression of the anti-inflammatory factor adiponectin was also induced by vitamin E or ABT. A combination of vitamin E and ABT showed an additive effect on preventing liver injury. The present study provides morphological and molecular biological evidence for the protective role of the antioxidant vitamins E and ABT in ameliorating oxidative stress, hepatic apoptosis, and necroinflammation in experimental nutritional steatohepatitis.
    Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 07/2009; 44(9):1121-31. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Currently, no agent has been confirmed as preventing the fibrosing progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). In this study, rosiglitazone was used in the clinical treatment of insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, its protective effect on non-alcoholic fibrosing steatohepatitis is not clear. The study aimed to elucidate the effect and the mechanism of rosiglitazone in inhibiting nutrition-related fibrosis in mice. C57BL6/J mice were fed a high fat, methionine-choline deficient (MCD) diet for 8 weeks to induce hepatic fibrosis, and rosiglitazone was given in the treated group. The effect of rosiglitazone was assessed by comparing the severity of hepatic fibrosis in liver sections, the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and the expression of TGF-beta1 and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). At week 8, MCD-diet-induced fibrosing NASH models showed increased serum ALT and AST levels, severe hepatic steatosis, and infiltration of inflammation and fibrosis which, associated with down-regulated PPAR gamma mRNA and protein expression, up-regulated alpha-SMA protein expression and enhanced TGF-beta1, CTGF mRNA and protein expression. Rosiglitazone significantly lowered serum ALT and AST and it reduced MCD-induced fibrosis by repressing levels of alpha-SMA protein expression and pro-fibrosis factors TGF-beta1 and CTGF. It also restored expression of PPAR gamma. The present study provides clear morphological and molecular biological evidence of the protective role of rosiglitazone in ameliorating nutritional fibrosing steatohepatitis. Rosiglitazone may ameliorate hepatic fibrosis by activating PPAR gamma, which can inhibit HSC activation and suppress TGF-beta1 and CTGF expression.
    Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2008; 44(3):358-65. · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • Yue-Min Nan, Na Fu, Jun Yu
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    ABSTRACT: Not Abstract.
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 09/2008; 16(8):624-5.