[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Using T-cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mice, we demonstrate that TCR stimulation of naive CD4(+) T cells induces transient T-bet expression, interleukin (IL)-12 receptor beta2 up-regulation, and GATA-3 down-regulation, which leads to T helper (Th)1 differentiation even when the cells are stimulated with peptide-loaded I-A(b)-transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells in the absence of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and IL-12. Sustained IFN-gamma and IL-12 stimulation augments naive T-cell differentiation into Th1 cells. Intriguingly, a significant Th1 response is observed even when T-bet(-/-) naive CD4(+) T cells are stimulated through TCR in the absence of IFN-gamma or IL-12. Stimulation of naive CD4(+) T cells in the absence of IFN-gamma or IL-12 with altered peptide ligand, whose avidity to the TCR is lower than that of original peptide, fails to up-regulate transient T-bet expression, sustains GATA-3 expression, and induces differentiation into Th2 cells. These results support the notion that direct interaction between TCR and peptide-loaded antigen-presenting cells, even in the absence of T-bet expression and costimulatory signals, primarily determine the fate of naive CD4(+) T cells to Th1 cells.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effector CD8(+) T cells recognize major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I binding altered self-peptides expressed in tumour cells. Although the requirement for CD4(+) T helper type 1 (Th1) cells in regulating CD8(+) T cells has been documented, their target epitopes and functional impact in antitumour responses remain unclear. We examined whether a potent immunogenic peptide of Mycobacterium tuberculosis eliciting Th1 immunity contributes to the generation of CD8(+) T cells and to protective antitumour immune responses to unrelated tumour-specific antigens. Peptide-25, a major Th epitope of Ag85B from M. tuberculosis preferentially induced CD4(+) Th1 cells in C57BL/6 mice and had an augmenting effect on Th1 generation for coimmunized unrelated antigenic peptides. Coimmunization of mice with Peptide-25 and ovalbumin (OVA) or Peptide-25 and B16 melanoma peptide [tyrosinase-related protein-2 (TRP-2)] for MHC class I led to a profound increase in CD8(+) T cells specific for OVA and TRP-2 peptides, respectively. This heightened response depended on Peptide-25-specific CD4(+) T cells and interferon-gamma-producing T cells. In tumour protection assays, immunization with Peptide-25 and OVA resulted in the enhancement of CD8(+) cytotoxic cell generation specific for OVA and the growth inhibition of EL-4 thymoma expressing OVA peptide leading to the tumour rejection. These phenomena were not achieved by immunization with OVA alone. Peptide-25-reactive Th1 cells counteractivated dendritic cells in the presence of Peptide-25 leading them to activate and present OVA peptide to CD8(+) cytotoxic T cells.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: CD4+ Th1 cells play a critical role in the induction of cell-mediated immune responses that are important for the eradication of intracellular pathogens. Peptide-25 is the major Th1 epitope for Ag85B of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is immunogenic in I-Ab mice. To elucidate the role of the TCR and IFN-gamma/IL-12 signals in Th1 induction, we generated TCR transgenic mice (P25 TCR-Tg) expressing TCR alpha- and beta-chains of Peptide-25-reactive cloned T cells and analyzed Th1 development of CD4+ T cells from P25 TCR-Tg. Naive CD4+ T cells from P25 TCR-Tg differentiate into both Th1 and Th2 cells upon stimulation with anti-CD3. Naive CD4+ T cells from P25 TCR-Tg preferentially develop Th1 cells upon Peptide-25 stimulation in the presence of I-Ab splenic antigen-presenting cells under neutral conditions. In contrast, a mutant of Peptide-25 can induce solely Th2 differentiation. Peptide-25-induced Th1 differentiation is observed even in the presence of anti-IFN-gamma and anti-IL-12. Furthermore, naive CD4+ T cells from STAT1 deficient P25 TCR-Tg also differentiate into Th1 cells upon Peptide-25 stimulation. Moreover, Peptide-25-loaded I-Ab-transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells induce Th1 differentiation of naive CD4+ T cells from P25 TCR-Tg in the absence of IFN-gamma or IL-12. These results imply that interaction between Peptide-25/I-Ab and TCR may primarily influence determination of the fate of naive CD4+ T cells in their differentiation towards the Th1 subset.
International Immunology 01/2005; 16(12):1691-9. · 3.14 Impact Factor